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Rutgers Model United Nations - IDIA

Rutgers Model United Nations - IDIA

Rutgers

Rutgers Model United Nations 15 Bloc Positions The United States of America The prolonged conflict in Iraq caused a rapid change in American public opinion on the war in Iraq. The current conflict is now regarded as a civil war, as the three main groups jockey for both economic and political power. A majority of American people want to withdraw from Iraq allowing Iraqis to resolve the situation. The American government, however, believes that withdrawing U.S. military and support troops from Iraq would be disastrous, causing even more violence. Both the American government and people agree that more control should be relinquished to the new Iraqi government. Political scholars and historians have raised the issue whether Iraq should be divided into three separate sovereign nations, much like India and Pakistan split in the late 1940s, after the withdrawal of Great Britain. The United States maintains that dividing Iraq is not an option. Despite the fact that after the first Gulf War the Kurds enjoyed de facto statehood, the United States believes that the Kurdish controlled north provides Iraq not only with much needed oil revenue but in addition, much needed security. 31 The American opinion on Chechnya is the most pronounced in the developed world. Despite being an ally to Russia, the United States refuses to endorse its behavior and crimes in Chechnya. The United States in no way endorses the behavior of rebel groups, especially Al Qaeda supported terrorist groups that attack civilians. In addition, the United States does support the Chechens right to self-determination. This opinion causes rifts between the two allies during most negotiations. Politically, the U.S. maintains no political involvement in Chechnya. American media, however, exposes negative opinion of the actions taken in Chechnya. 32 31 Rajiv Chandrasekaran, “ Kurds Cultivating Their Own Bonds with the US” Washingtonpost.com April 23, 2007y. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/04/22/AR2007042201568_pf.html 32 John Laughland. “The Chechens’ American Friends.” The Gaurdian. Sept 8, 2004. http://www.guardian.co.uk/comment/story/0,,1299318,00.html

Rutgers Model United Nations 16 The United States also maintains no clear opinion about the Basque fight to receive autonomy from Spain. The United States considers ETA a terrorist group and condemns all non-peaceful methods employed by ETA. Spain In the case of the Basque provinces, the Spanish opinion is quite clear, Spain believes that the Basque provinces are part of Spanish geographic and political territory. Largely, Spain views ETA as a terrorist organization, and has banned Spanish citizens from joining the group. Although most Basques are now employing political means to obtain independence, the Spanish government is not willing to surrender the valuable province. A Basque political movement, gaining strength in Spain, states that the Basque province should become an independent mandate associated with Spain. The plan is popular with Basques and many Spanish supporters of the Basques. The Spanish government fears that an independent Basque would lead to a resistance movement in Catalonia, another Spanish province which maintains a nation of people. As Spain is a member of the European Union, their opinion of the situations in Chechnya and Iraq do not waver from the position of the European Union. The European Union abhors the violence in Chechnya, yet the European Union does not have the political will to act. The European Union believes that the situation in Iraq should left to the American and British military. Russian Federation The Russian Federation affirms Chechnya as its geographic and political territory. Russia continues to assert that Chechen separatists are terrorists linked to Al Qaeda, and that the Chechen insurgency is largely fueled by fundamental Islam. Despite the outrage from the international community over the human rights abuses and the humanitarian crisis in the region, Russia refuses to act to ameliorate the situation. In fact, a large majority of journalists critical of Russian practices have been exiled from the region. In addition, Russia limits access to Chechnya from NGOs. In March 2003, Russia denied official observers from Human Rights Watch access to Chechnya to report on the

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