RutgersModelUnitedNations 17 ongoing conflict. 33 Russia’s status as a permanent member of the UnitedNations Security Council ensures that debate will not take place in that forum. Remaining adamant, Russia proclaims that it will not accept any international efforts in Chechnya, suggesting Russia’s political power will continue to suppress debate. 34 European Union The opinions of the European Union differ in each case presented. The European Union strongly supports a nation’s right to the self-determination of peoples, yet it does not endorse violence as a means of obtaining autonomy. Ironically, the European Union rejects the Basques claim for autonomy, despite the fact that the Basques primarily adopted a peaceful political approach. This strategy calls for a referendum, rather than resorting to armed conflict. This irony is perhaps best reconciled with the fact that Spain is a member of the European Union. In the case of Chechnya, however, the European Union strongly supports the Chechens right to autonomy, while abhorring the violence plaguing the region. According to British newspaper, The Guardian, the EU is at a political dilemma, “[the EU] is painstakingly trying to cultivate Russia as a strategic partner – [but it] knows that to voice its own opinion on Chechnya is not without risk. Yet it is a moral minefield that it must negotiate twice a year. That is how often EU-Russia summits take place, and the Chechen question is always on the agenda, for if the EU really wants to become a credible force on the international stage it knows it must tackle such sensitive issues.” 35 In the case of Kurdistan, the European Union has condemned Iran of human rights abuses against Kurds, but no specific statements regarding Iraq. The European Union asserts that the United States is responsible for the outbreak of civil war in the region, and should resolve the situation. 33 http://www.hrw.org/backgrounder/eca/chechnya/unchr-chechnya-05.htm#P161_29160 34 BBC News. “Regions and Territories:Chechnya.” Aug 21, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/2565049.stm 35 Andrew Osborn. “The EU’s Chechnya Challenge.” http://www.guardian.co.uk/elsewhere/journalist/story/0,7792,1080402,00.html 7 November 2003.
RutgersModelUnitedNations 18 Developing States The opinion of developing states in this debate is complex and difficult to discern. Most developing states abhor nations within states attempting to gain autonomy and or political power due to the possibility of violence. Violence in developing states often leads to a breakdown in government. In addition, in developing states, nations are much more likely to adopt crime and violence as a means of obtaining power, yet there are other states whose governments have worked to include all factions and live within relative harmony. Brazil offers the perfect example of numerous nations living with one state in relative peace. Other states, like India and Pakistan, have split entirely, creating nation-states. A nation-state is defined as a state that geographically includes the populous of a single nation or people.