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Rutgers Model United Nations - IDIA

Rutgers Model United Nations - IDIA

Rutgers

Rutgers Model United Nations 1 Policy Dilemma The term ‘sustainable tourism’ stems from the concept of sustainable development. Sustainable development means acknowledging the delicate balance between human needs and the need to preserve natural resources and ecosystems on which the global community and future generations depend. Sustainable tourism, therefore, refers to tourism that is economically, socio-culturally, and environmentally stable enough to provide for both the needs of today and tomorrow. The promotion of sustainable tourism ensures that the negative impacts caused by the tourism industry are neither permanent nor irreversible. The opportunity for tourism to offer positive economic, environmental, and social benefits in tomorrow’s world depends on the decisions made today. In fact, the decisions made today in regards to sustainable tourism will chart the future of the tourism industry. As the tourism industry relies on its surrounding environment to thrive, it has been realized that the environment is the industry’s most important resources. Almost no other industry in the twentieth century is as environmentally-dependent as tourism. Just like the environment, the impacts made on the tourism industry by other factors are also important to the discussion of sustainable tourism. Factors such as the impact on indigenous peoples, local communities, transnational businesses, and governments must be assessed. Domestic and International tourism is an industry worth approximately 4.7 trillion dollars globally and employ an estimated two hundred million people, indicating that without each other neither tourism nor the environment will be able to survive. 1 Sustainable tourism is a difficult concept to define because it involves relating today’s tourism needs to concerns for the future. In addition to this, sustainable tourism does not only refer to environmental and social stability in tourist areas but also historical and cultural stability. There are also numerous other issues invoked by sustainable tourism practices, one of the largest being the economic viability of such ideology. 1 World Tourism Organization, Manila Declaration on World Tourism,www.ecode.it/code/_player/download.asp?file=univeur/warehouse/documents/65Manila.PDF 1980

Rutgers Model United Nations 2 Tourism is considered an activity of strong global economic importance because it is the main source of income and employment in many developing states. There are no quick fixes to implementing sustainability practices into tourism around the globe. It will take stronger policies than those currently being used to ensure that tourism is sensitive to the environmental, social and cultural needs of both citizens and tourists, while ensuring that it is also economically viable for private companies and local communities. Chronology 27 September-10 October 1980: UNWTO Hosts Conference In 1980, the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) hosted a conference: in order to clarify the real nature of tourism in all its aspects and the role that tourism is bound to play in a dynamic and vastly changing world, as well as to consider the responsibility of states for the development and enhancement of tourism in present day societies as more than a purely economic activity of nations and people. 2 This conference was attended by one hundred and seven state delegations and ninety one observer delegations, in Manila, Philippines. In the shadow of tension between the eastern and western bloc nations, the conference recognized that tourism could develop peacefully through joint efforts by all actors and that it could in fact be, “a vital force for peace in the world” by “promoting international understanding and interdependence.” The conference also realized that world tourism would promote a new economic standing in the world by helping to bridge the gap between developed and developing states. Tourism was also recognized as a fulfillment of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as well as recognized in legislation by many states. Writers of the Manila Declaration imparted that social tourism needed to be pursued in order to look after the interests of less privileged citizens in order for all peoples of the world to reach a greater respect and confidence for one another. This conference sparked the international tourism debate and encouraged the UNWTO to use all means necessary to implement tourism

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