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Rutgers Model United Nations - IDIA

Rutgers Model United Nations - IDIA

Rutgers

Rutgers Model United Nations 5 preserve nature, landscapes, and cultural heritage by taking into account the requirements of nature and landscape conservation and environmental protection as well as the protection of cultural identity and the interests of local populations. 8 22 May 1997: The Manila Declaration Inspired by the philosophy of the Malé declaration on tourism, an Asian region effort to address social tourism, the Manila Declaration was adopted by the World Tourism Organizations Leaders’ Meeting on Social Impacts of Tourism. The Manila Declaration identifies ten sustainable tourism principles which helped gain the endorsement of the international community on the notion of sustainable tourism. This conference sparked international organizations to begin to clarify and elaborate on new guidelines and programmes to bring together social and economic groups in order to facilitate a general consensus on what strategies would be used. 9 October 1998: Conference on Sustainable Tourism Small Island Developing States (SIDS) have a distinct interest in sustainable tourism as it is extremely important to both their peoples and environments. At the close of 1998, the World Tourism Organization and UNEP organized a conference on sustainable tourism in SIDS and other islands, with the cooperation of the Alliance of Small Island States, in Lazarote, Canary Islands, Spain. The conference exhibited how careful planning and control of tourism could produce real benefits and minimized negative impacts of tourism for SIDS especially in areas of environmental protection and socio-economic development. 10 This was the first conference on sustainable tourism that recognized fully the effects that negative tourism practices have on SIDS and the vulnerability they face with the proliferation of tourism. 11 8 German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Natural Conservation and Nuclear Safety, “Information concerning the International Conference of Environmental Ministers on Biodiversity and Tourism” http://www.bmu.bund.de/pressearchiv/14_legislaturperiode/pm/1405.php 9 Perez-Salom, J-R. 2001. Sustainable Tourism: Emerging Global and Regional Regulation. Georgetown International Environmental Law Review. Vol. 13, Issue 4. 10 Jacqueline Aloisi de Larderel, “Outline of UNEP and tourist industry promotion of sustainable tourism in small islands” 1999 http://www.unep.org/ourplanet/imgversn/103/14_mak.htm 11 Francesco Frangialli, UNWTO Secretary General, “Preserving Paradise” 1999

Rutgers Model United Nations 6 January 1999: Commission on Sustainable Development Seventh Session Following the mandates of the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the UNEP Governing Council, the Commission on Sustainable Development dedicated its seventh session to tourism. The session aimed to create dialogue between government and social representatives and to identify policy strategy to increase the positive impact of tourism on development. This resulted in the adoption of an international work program on sustainable development especially focused on developing countries. 12 1 October 1999: The World Tourism Organization Summit The World Tourism Organization Summit was held in Santiago, Chile, where the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism was consolidated and reinforced positive recommendations and declarations on sustainable tourism. Unlike other international codes of conduct, whose provisions are neither legally binding nor enforceable, the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism is a unique document because it includes not only recommendations but also mechanisms for enforcing the provisions of the document. 13 24 August- 4 September 2002: Rio+10 In 2002, the World Summit on Sustainable Development, or Rio+10, convened in Johannesburg, South Africa, bringing together tens of thousands of participants, including heads of state and government, national delegations, NGO leaders, businesses and other major groups focusing the worlds attention on conserving natural resources in an ever growing global community. The World Summit helped to establish new goals for the future of sustainable development and in turn helped to create new goals in the future of sustainable tourism practices. 14 http://www.ourplanet.com/imgversn/103/09_ppar.htm 12 Perez-Salom, J-R. 2001. Sustainable Tourism: Emerging Global and Regional Regulation. Georgetown International Environmental Law Review. Vol. 13, Issue 4. 13 Ibid. 14 United Nations Johannesburg Conference on Sustainable Development, Earth Summit+10 http://www.un.org/jsummit/html/basic_info/basicinfo.html

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