League of Arab States - IDIA
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PhilMUN 2010 1 The League of Arab States The League of Arab States, established after the Second World War, is a collection of socially Arab based nations. The League was developed to create a protective and supportive internationally based organization for Arab nations in the Middle East and Northern Africa. The League was created by an agreement among Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Yemen, and Transjordan, signed on 22 May 1945. 1 The harmonization among member states was designed to encourage a conversation regarding policies, financial arrangements, and trade. This body aimed to create solidarity among Arab perspectives and this coordination of policies further reinforces the strengths of individual Arab states. The Arab League needed to establish laws in order to solidify the integrity and existence of the organization. To that end, the founding members began to draft the preliminary set of agreements and laws. Their hard work culminated in the creation of the Alexandria Protocol. 2 In the initial meetings, members identified the three primary entities of the League and their stipulations. The Unitary State was constructed to have central authority over all Arab states. The Federated State would have an Assembly to represent member states of the League. The Loose Confederation would exist as a union without absolute executive powers, leaving its resolutions to be accepted by only those states that chose to implement them. This structure was staunchly debated by the members. The Unitary State was the primary reason why this initial format failed; member states could not agree to completely surrender national sovereignty to the League as the Unitary State saw fit. 3 At the inception of the Alexandria Protocol, most of the initial member states had just recently gained their sovereignty and did not look keenly upon surrendering any newfound independence and central power. After much debate, 1 Hassouna, Hussein A. The League of Arab States and Regional Disputes: A Study of Middle East Conflicts, Oceana Publications, (New York, 1975) page 3. 2 Pogany, Istvan. The Arab League and Peacekeeping in the Lebanon. St. Martin’s Press, (New York, 1987), page 3. 3 Hassouna, Hussein A. The League of Arab States and Regional Disputes: A Study of Middle East Conflicts, Oceana Publications, (New York, 1975) page 7.