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United Nations Conference on Trade and Development - Institute for ...

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development - Institute for ...

Rutgers Model

Rutgers Model ong>Unitedong> ong>Nationsong> 2006 11 of the economy and of the sectors that are engaged in international trade or have such potential. 25 ” In the last part, the follow up activities, the results of DTIS are then integrated “into the elaboration and validation of an action plan, which serves as basis for trade-related technical assistance delivery.” 26 The IF process is still in an experimental phase, and is constantly being reevaluated and altered to achieve the best possible results. In 2005, LLDS ministers adopted the Asunción Platform for the Doha Development Round of World Trade Organization negotiations, recognizing their need for integration in the global economy. This meeting, held in Asunción, Paraguay, sought to benefit the trade efficiency of landlocked nations and reaffirmed the Almaty Program of Action with a request for timely implementation of the recommendations made at the earlier conference. The agreement included everything from trade facilitation to agriculture to technical cooperation and capacity building. With respect to trade facilitation, the agreement reaching in Asunción strongly emphasizes that “transit services should be further liberalized to encourage competition. Transit rules and regulations should be simplified, harmonized, streamlined and made transparent. Furthermore, national treatment should be applied in transit services” 27 The meetings also encouraged landlocked nations not yet members of the World Trade Organization to join and take advantage of joining the global trade body. The WTO offers such benefits as “‘Special and differential treatment’ for the landlocked countries among WTO members should go beyond only granting transition periods for implementing new commitments, and more thoroughly recognize needs and priorities, including through provision of technical assistance for capacity-building.” 28 In October of 2006, the ong>Unitedong> ong>Nationsong> ong>Conferenceong> on Trade and Development held an Expert Meeting on Trade Facilitation, which sought to increase the participation 25 “Diagnostic Phase,” http://www.integratedframework.org/diagphase.htm, (Accessed 8 March 2006). 26 “IF process,” http://www.integratedframework.org/process.htm, (accessed 8 March 2006). 27 “Asunción Platform for the Doha Development Round,” UNCTAD.org, http://www.unctad.org/en/docs//a60d308_en.pdf, (accessed 20 March 2006). 28 “Landlocked Countries join with ‘small and vulnerable economies’ in bid for improved trade access, as Paraguay’s meeting concludes.” UN Press release. 10 Aug 2005. http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2005/dev2534.doc.htm, (accessed 20 March 2006).

Rutgers Model ong>Unitedong> ong>Nationsong> 2006 12 of developing nations in global trade. In particular, the meeting focused on the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) “solutions to facilitate trade at border crossings and ports.” 29 In order for developing nations to benefit from the work of UNCTAD, they “must be proactive in reaping full benefits from ICT tools available worldwide to reduce transaction costs and enhance supply capacities.” 30 As with other partnerships for facilitating trade, ICTs are critical in the development of LLDCs and LDCs. Another program started by UNCTAD is the TrainForTrade initiative, a leading program in capacity building for trade facilitation that operates with a team that “carries out a preliminary analysis of training needs in that country and submits a project document to address those needs. The launching of the project depends mostly on financial contributions from donors, but the country is also asked to share in the costs.” 31 TrainForTrade teaches nations and local corporations effective trading strategies, such as cutting costs and port management. Helping developing nations in this fashion ensures a healthy relationship between the UN and developing nations as well as fostering a growing export economy. Key Positions Regional Positions Africa Fifteen out of thirty-three states classified as LLDCs by the UN are African nations, and twelve of these states are classified as least developed countries (LDCs). The World Bank and the African Development Bank have forged a partnership called the East African Trade and Transport Facilitation Project, and in March 2006 put forth USD $209 million to aid in the development of transit transport in Africa. According to Godgrey Onyayo, an official from the Northern Corridor Transit Transport Coordination 29 UNCTAD Transport Newsletter No. 31. 26 April 2006. 31 30 Ibid, 31. 31 “TrainForTrade,” UNCTAD, http://learn.unctad.org/, (Accessed 15 April 2006)

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