Views
3 years ago

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development - Institute for ...

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development - Institute for ...

Rutgers Model

Rutgers Model ong>Unitedong> ong>Nationsong> 2006 17 Summary Globalization has benefited countries throughout the world, however in the process, it has identified landlocked countries as most vulnerable to trade barriers. Since they are required to ship their goods through a neighboring state in order to have access to port facilities, these states are forced to rely upon established infrastructure networks, and the customs regulations of that country. These intermediary states have the ability to significant limit the access of these landlocked states to the global marketplace by implementing severe customs restrictions or significantly delaying goods at ports of call. Realization that these states need specific assistance, much of the global trading community has come together in a series of conferences, including those in Almaty, Kazakhstan and Asunción, Paraguay, to discuss strategies that can support the development of these states. While this increased dialogue is critical to the trade of the states affected by this problem, states need to be proactive to ensure that they have adequate access to the global trading system, lest they continue to have faltering economies, and limited potential for growth from trade. Before real progress can be achieved, landlocked states need to bring their customs regulations in line with the rest of the world so that coordinated growth can help nations throughout the world. When developed states actively cooperate with developing states, the latter are able to implement proven systems without undertaking the extensive costs that go into their development. The AYSCUDA system is an example of a strategy implemented in developing states that was effectively transitioned to developing states, reducing the time and expense necessary to process trade goods at border crossings. As more bordering states harmonize their customs regulations, global trade can become more effective, and the disadvantage of landlocked states can be transcended.

Rutgers Model ong>Unitedong> ong>Nationsong> 2006 18 Discussion Questions • What is the status of Transit trade in your state? With what other nations does your state have trade agreements? • Has ASYCUDA been implemented in the transit trade process of your nation, if so, how many ports and stations is it in use? • How significant are smuggling and other efforts to circumvent trade restrictions in your state? How much government revenue is lost due to this activity? How can this behavior be limited? • Does the ong>Unitedong> ong>Nationsong> define your state a Least Developed Country (LDC)? If so, what are primary impediments to economic growth? Can current economic systems alleviate these problems, or is further reform necessary? • How can your state reduce the costs associated with transiting barriers? Do your neighbors help or hurt your efforts at accessing the global marketplace? • Which partnerships or alliances regarding the development of trade is your state a member? How have these groups helped your state to develop? • How can small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) influence the trade economy in your region? Which SMEs are dominant in your state? • Has the Integrated Framework (IF) been implemented in your state? Has it had a measurable impact?

Institutional interplay: Biosafety and trade - United Nations University
Institutional interplay: Biosafety and trade - United Nations University
English - United Nations Development Programme
2009 RESuLtS - United Nations Development Programme
cooperation - Academy - United Nations Development Programme
The WTO and sustainable development - United Nations University
United Nations Electronic Trade - UNESCAP
Flyer - United Nations Research Institute for Social Development
Retooling Global Development - the United Nations
2013 Human Development Report - United Nations Development ...
E N S W - Human Development Reports - United Nations ...
Patents, Trade and Health - Quaker United Nations Office
Trading Precaution: - UNU-IAS - United Nations University
English - United Nations Development Programme
Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries - United Nations ...
Local content development – what will it take? - United Nations in ...
unleashing entrepreneurship - United Nations Development ...
Environment and Sustainable Development - United Nations ...
E N S W - United Nations Development Programme
Albania - United Nations Development Programme
UNCTAD Background Guide - National Model United Nations
E N S W - United Nations Development Programme
English - United Nations Development Programme
seCTioN - United Nations Development Programme
TOWARDS HUMAN RESILIENCE: - United Nations Development ...
English - United Nations Development Programme
Africa Human Development Report 2012 - UNDP - United Nations ...
UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY
United Nations Electronic Trade - escap
E N S W - Human Development Reports - United Nations ...