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Kashmir, located in the northwestern region of the Indian ... - IDIA

Kashmir, located in the northwestern region of the Indian ... - IDIA

Kashmir, located in the northwestern region of the Indian ... -

Kashmir, located in the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent, has been in a state of conflicting efforts since the end of the Second World War. Three countries (Pakistan, China and India) have fought numerous wars over the ownership of the Kashmir Province. Forms of war and structured terror are not ideal answers to this ongoing confliction between regions, but rather diplomacy and open discussion. The conflict in Kashmir began late October 1947 when Muslim rebels, who had grown weary of the Maharaja’s taxation policies, were joined by the Pakistani military. The leader fled to India, for he could not bear the weight of invasion. He urged India to help, and India agreed, but only if they were given control of a portion of Kashmir. In the end, the UN Security Council forced upon the region a ceasefire, on December 31, 1948. Other wars would be fought in the future, all of which were over the control of land. In 1972, the Simla Agreement was signed by Pakistan and India. Through the signing of this treaty, both countries acknowledged to settle disputes through diplomacy. However, an armed insurgency would start, with India asserting that it was Pakistan-backed terrorists, whilst Pakistan claimed that they were citizens of Kashmir, and called them “Freedom Fighters,” attempting to liberate themselves from the Indian government. No matter which side is correct, the rising militancy has caused many civilian casualties, and have committed human rights violations. President Nelson Mandela, a symbol of struggle against oppression, has said that “like South Africa, the Kashmir people [were] waging a heroic fight against oppression and alien for the realization of their inalienable rights of self-determination.” Recently, it has become known that both countries wish to settle disputes democratically – both countries have agreed to ceasefire, and bus service began between Indian-controlled Kashmir and Pakistani-controlled Kashmir, lowering tensions between the two countries. The have also agreed to cooperate economically. In September 2006, leaders from both countries met in Cuba and agreed to work together to defeat terrorism in Kashmir. Many nations of the world favor a democratic resolution to the conflict in Kashmir. The United States, wile being known to sell weapons to both India and Pakistan declared, “Violence is not the answer.” Russia has stated that international action against terrorism cannot be “selective, but has to be 15 November 2007 – Page 1

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