House Committee on Armed Services Nuclear Proliferation ... - IDIA
R u t g e r s Mo d e l C o n g r e s s 9 can be repelled from the Muslims only by using such weapons.” 36 U.S. Intelligence has long suspected that al-Qaeda and other militant Islamic organizations expressed interest in nuclear attacks however, this radical fatwa, is one of the first direct threats that is directed towards the United States and the possibility of another terrorist attack. 37 November 2004: Pakistani Nuclear Scientist sells Nuclear Secrets In November 2004, it was revealed that Pakistani nuclear scientist Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan had provided nuclear secrets to North Korea and Iran. 38 “For more than a decade, Khan, the father of Pakistan's nuclear bomb, masterminded a vast, clandestine and hugely profitable enterprise whose mission boiled down to this: selling to a rogues’ gallery of nations the technology and equipment to make nuclear weapons,” said Time magazine. 39 Iran, one of four states named listed by the U.S. state department as a state sponsor of terrorism, has repeatedly argued that their nuclear program is for peaceful purposes only. 40 The threat of nuclear terrorism is a pressing subject for the United States and the illegal sale of nuclear secrets and technology to unstable developing states makes the threat of nuclear terrorism greater. 1 November 2006: Ex-Russian Spy Radioactively Poisoned Alexander V. Litvinenko, a former K.G.B. agent who had defected to the United Kingdom was poisoned with a deadly radioactive isotope, polonium 210. in what is widely regarded as a deliberate attack. 41 Though this particular attack was limited to a single human target, Polonium 210 can be easily ingested and is well suited to a more wide-scale attack. During his excruciating death, Litvenenko accused Prime Minister 36 Hanley, Charles J, ‘“WMD’ terrorism: Sum of all fears doesn’t always add up,” USA Today, October 29, 2005. http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2005-10-29-terror-vision_x.htm 37 Tarvainen, Tina, “al-Qaeda and WMD: A Primer,” Terrorism Monitor, Volume 3, Issue 11, June 2, 2005. http://www.jamestown.org/terrorism/news/article.php?articleid=2369714. 38 Jehl, Douglas, “CIA Says Pakistanis gave Iran Nuclear Aid,” New York Times, November 24, 2004. http://www.nytimes.com/2004/11/24/politics/24weapons.html?_r=1&oref=slogin. 39 Time, “The Man who sold the Bomb,” Time, February 06, 2005. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1025193-1,00.html (accessed 11/12/08). 40 Ibid. 41 Alan Cowell and Steven Lee Meyers, “7 Test Radioactive at bar where Ex-Spy meets Russians,” The New York Times, December 8, 2006. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/08/world/europe/08poisoning.html.
R u t g e r s Mo d e l C o n g r e s s 10 Vladimir Putin of ordering the assassination. 42 Though this incident did not take place in the United States, it demonstrates the vulnerability of civilian targets to radiological contaminants. 43 July 2006: The Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism In a joint effort with the Russian Federation, the United States created the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism. The mission the Global Initiative is to regulate the protection of nuclear material and radioactive substances and respond to acts of nuclear terrorism. 44 According to President George W. Bush, “weapons of mass destruction would be a first resort -- the preferred means to further their [terrorists] ideology of suicide and random murder. These terrible weapons are becoming easier to acquire, build, hide, and transport.” 45 June 2007: Interrogations Reveal Nuclear Plots Three Muslim men were detained for a terrorist plot, which would have targeted John F. Kennedy International Airport by detonating a jet-fuel pipeline. 46 During their detainment, Federal Agents discovered that al-Qaeda’s top nuclear expert, Adnan Gulshair el-Shukrijumah was previously tasked with a mission to detonate nuclear bombs in major American cities. 47 Federal Agents believed that Shukrijumah was also involved in the planning of this terrorist plot as well. Although there has not been a terrorist attack on American soil since September 11th, U.S. intelligence shows evidence of plots of nuclear attacks. 42 Ibid. 43 Curry, Ann, “Who killed Alexander Litvinenko?” MSNBC¸ July 17, 2007. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17332541/. 44 US State Department, “US-Russia Joint Fact Sheet on the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism,” US State Department, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2006/69016.htm (accessed December 6, 2008). 45 Ibid. 46 Fox News, “Feds hope to Snag Bin Laden Nuke Expert in JFK Bomb Plot,” Fox News, June 04, 2007. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,277614,00.html (accessed November 11, 2008). 47 Ibid.