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ENG - UN CC:Learn

ENG - UN CC:Learn

8 New Zealand New

8 New Zealand New Zealand Post has set several concrete targets for environmental performance which include reduction of GHG emissions. The Post has a goal of reducing GHG emissions by 12% between 2008 and 2012. It achieved 3.6% and 5.2% reductions in 2008–2009 and 2009–2010 respectively. 11 Lessons learned: – A successful policy has several components that include vision, action plan and specific targets. – It is important to consider indirect cost-cutting effects and indirect environmental effects. – To ensure direct effects, specific measures should be taken. Generally, policy-making processes and policy-implementation processes are different; parties responsible for the implementation process should therefore be clarified. – An environmental policy can enhance the operator's public image. – There can be a long-lasting sustainable effect. – Although operators all work in different environments and under different conditions, actions should be replicable. 1.2 Certification of green management Certifications from independent neutral entities can demonstrate that an organization is sustainable. According to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), certification involves the issuing of written assurance (a certificate) by an independent external body which has assessed a management system and verified that it conforms to the requirements laid down in the standard. 12 The two main bodies considered as the most relevant for environmental certifications are GRI (Global Reporting Initiative) and ISO. GRI, founded in 1997, is a network-based organization which has established one of the most widely used frameworks for reporting sustainability. The GRI Reporting Framework includes the principles and performance indicators that organizations can use to scale and announce their economic, environmental and social achievement. 13 As of February 2011, more than 2,600 organizations from over 70 countries had registered themselves for the GRI Reports List. 14 ISO is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from 159 national standards organizations. 15 As a standard for environment management, ISO 14001 provides the requirements for environmental management systems (EMS). ISO 14001 requires organizations to: – identify and control the environmental burden of their activities, products or services; – improve their environmental performance regularly; – implement a systematic approach to setting environmental objectives, and to achieving them and demonstrating that they have been achieved. 16 10 www.upu.int/en/activities/sustainable-development/environment/environment-posts-actions.html 11 www.nzpost.co.nz/about-us/sustainability/our-achievements/results 12 www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/management_and_leadership_standards/certification.htm 13 www.globalreporting.org/AboutGRI/WhatIsGRI/ 14 GRI Reports List (www.globalreporting.org/ReportServices/GRIReportsList/) 15 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO 16 www.iso.org/iso/iso_14000_essentials

9 One limitation of ISO 14000 is its cost, especially for small and mid-size companies. An ISO certification is generally valid for three years, after which it has to be renewed. 17 Organizations in various fields aim to acquire certification, and the postal sector is no exception. When an operator acquires certification, this proves that it has the ability to manage environmental issues effectively. At the same time, operators can improve their environment management ability through the certification process. The following are examples of operators with ISO 14001 and GRI certification. Slovakia Slovenska Posta was awarded the ISO 14001 Environment Management Certificate in 2005 for its implementation and use of an environment management system. It has set up a special company intranet site for its employees where all the company's environment documents are published. Germany DHL's sites and mail processing centres are certified ISO 14001, which guarantees that the environment is respected in the daily management of the buildings. Efforts focus mostly on fuel and electricity consumption. 18 GRI In February 2010, the following postal operators registered for the GRI Reports List: Australia Post, Canada Post, CTT (Portugal), Deutsche Post (Germany), Magyar Posta (Hungary (Rep.)), New Zealand Post, Poste Italiane (Italy), Posten (Sweden), Swiss Post, TNT (Netherlands) and USPS (United States of America). 19 Portugal CTT published its corporate responsibility report in alignment with the GRI G3 guidelines in 2006. The GRI index provides a standardized method for reporting organized by topic. 20 Lessons learned: – Although certification comes with a price, operators could save in the long run. – Operators review their postal processes according to certification requirements. – Business advantages: as suppliers, large customers can sometimes insist that operators be certified. – The environmental effect is indirect. – There can be a long-lasting sustainable effect. – In the process of acquiring certification, operators can improve their environmental management capabilities. – There can be the side effect of enhancing the organization's public image 1.3 Using carbon offsetting to achieve neutrality Carbon offsetting is the last part of a global process involving GHG emission measurements and GHG emission reductions. Carbon offsetting can be done through financing projects (emission reduction or carbon sink in another part of the world) or by buying credits directly from the market, either generated by projects or from CO 2 surplus quotas. 21 17 en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_14000 18 www.upu.int/en/activities/sustainable-development/environment/environment-posts-actions.html 19 GRI Reports List (www.globalreporting.org/ReportServices/GRIReportsList/) 20 https://www2.ctt.pt/fectt/wcmservlet/ctt/institucional/grupoctt/resp_social/en/relatorio.html 21 Feasibility – Communication kit (www.upu.int/en/activities/sustainable-development/environment/carbonoffsetting.html)

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