4 years ago

Doshisha University (Private)

Doshisha University (Private)

control objects in

control objects in real-time. Ad-hoc network is a technology that does not require an infrastructure such as base stations, and each node has a wireless communications function that autonomously constructs networks. Ad-hoc networks are positioned as a major technology in a ubiquitous network society and applications are expected for sensor information collection, emergency communications during disasters, events such as meetings, and personal services. Specifically in ITS (Intelligent Transport System), in addition to road-to-vehicle communications as a communications technique to supply information to vehicles, in vehicle-to-vehicle communications where communications are conducted directly between vehicles, we are investigating applications such as vehicle congestion warnings and collaborative driving. Research Contents Research Background and Goals Mainframes (large-scale general purpose computers), which first became commercially available in the 1960s, were installed in dedicated computers rooms and multiple people simultaneously used a single computer using telecommunication lines. In the 1970s, computers called minicomputers started to become common, and in the 1980s, in office automation and factory automation, workstations processing graphics and numerical calculations connected by LANs started being used. On the other hand, personal computers appeared from the latter half of the 1970s into the 1980s. From the latter half of the 1980s into the 1990s they could be connected to the Internet, and along with the appearance of the World Wide Web (WWW), personal computers became common

place and widely used in offices, laboratories, and even homes. Along with the miniaturization and declining price of microprocessors, computers have come to be installed in many kinds of embedded devices like home appliances and game consoles, and from cellular telephones to automobiles. In the future as well, we feel computers that individuals can use will only continue to increase. Presently we can consider connecting geographically distributed devices, in offices and homes or moving in trains and automobiles, to the Internet using IPv6. However, by just doing that, even if we can interconnect devices, that doesn't mean they can be used cooperatively taking advantage of each devices' characteristics. In order to implement a true ubiquitous network, these distributed resources must be integrated organically and we must provide an optimal, virtual integrated computing environment for respective users. Research Theme Overview With the basic concept of "The Network CONNECTS the People," we are aiming to construct an information system that can provide a computing environment usable by anyone, anytime, and anywhere by fusing computers with the network, from personal computers and large-scale computers to embedded systems such as the home appliances and automobiles around us. Concretely, we are conducting research on distributed computing environments to effectively utilize varied ubiquitous computing resources using a grid that virtually implements a high performance computer that links computers around the world. Keywords Internet Grid computing Home network Sensor network Large-scale distributed processing Embedded system ITS (Intelligent Transport System) Prof. Masafumi HASHIMOTO, Kazuhiko TAKAHASHI Intelligent Mechatro-Informatics Laboratory Research Contents By making mechatronic systems, such as those represented by robots, more advanced through a fusion of ICT technology and intelligent technologies, we can implement smart mechatronic information systems with a high affinity for people and the environment. This research laboratory is researching the sensing, control, information processing, and the system integration which are the fundamental technologies to construct these kinds of systems. Our current research themes are shown below. Vehicle automation Autonomous vehicles such as mobile robots and unmanned vehicles have up until now been developed in fields for labor-savings and dangerous work such as factories, ports, construction, agriculture, forestry, and industrial plants. Recently, autonomous vehicles have expanded into fields in close contact with our daily lives such as the Advanced Safety Vehicle in ITS (Intelligent Transportation System), office and home service robots, welfare, and crime prevention/security robots. We can also hope for broad applications in

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