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Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN maintain, restore and improve the linkages among surface water features, groundwater features, hydrologic functions, natural heritage features and areas, and their ecological functions; recognize the role of natural features in minimizing the impacts of flooding; and include management plans for Species at Risk into restoration Communication, Education and Recreation enhance and develop partnerships between and amongst agencies, interest groups and landowners; promote the wise use of groundwater and surface water resources in terms of human, agricultural and ecological needs; and foster educational programs and awareness pertaining to urban and rural best management practices (e.g. water conservation practices, alternate farming practices,septic maintenance,buffers) Development incorporate natural heritage into land use and zoning decisions; promote environmentallysound land use decisions for current and future urban development and rural/agricultural land use; encourage stormwater management within municipalities to address future growth capacity projections; and encourage intensification of urban areas Watershed Characterization Location and General Description of the Lake Erie North Shore Watershed The Lake Erie North Shore study area encompasses approximately 120 square kilometres of land and includes nearly 70 kilometres of shoreline and 100 kilometres of watercourse of which over 60 percent has been classified as municipal drains. The study area includes Local Management Areas 3.1, 3.2 ,3.3 and a small portion of 2.9 as identified in the NWS (RMN 2006a), which falls within the City of Port Colborne, Township of Wainfleet and small portions of the Town of Fort Erie and Haldimand County (Figure 3). Numerous subwatersheds form the Lake Erie North Shore watershed; these include Bay Beach Area Drain, Point Abino Drain, Bearss Drain, Beaver Dam Creek (P.C.), Oil Mill Creek, Wignell Drain, Welland Canal South, Eagle Marsh Drain, Wainfleet Marsh, Casey Drain, Hoover Drain, Low Banks Drain, and Lake Erie 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8 (Figure 1). One major concentration of urban land uses (residential, commercial, industrial) is within the City of Port Colborne; smaller concentrations of residential land uses are present in Crystal Beach of Fort Erie and in strips and nodes along the lakeshore of Lake Erie for the extent of the study area. 14

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN Local Management Area 3.1 Local Management Area 3.1 extends along the shoreline from Low Banks in Haldimand County to Rock Island Point in Wainfleet and includes the subwatersheds Low Banks Drain, Hoover Drain and Lake Erie 8 (Figure 3). The watercourses in this portion of the study area have not been evaluated in terms of importance for fish habitat. Apart from a couple small tributaries of Hoover Drain all watercourses in this portion of the study area are designated municipal drains. The topography is very flat behind the bedrock outcrop that marks Mohawk Point on the western edge of the Lake Erie North Shore watershed. The land use in this area is comprised predominantly of agriculture and rural residential with some strip and small node dwellings of seasonal and permanent residences along the shoreline. Natural heritage features include numerous wetlands and woodlots including Moulton West provincially significant wetland and Bunz Bush, a remnant natural area. Local Management Area 2.9 The small portion of Local Management Area 2.9 that is included in the Lake Erie North Shore study area is nestled between LMA 3.1 and LMA 3.2 (Figure 3). It extends along the shoreline from Rock Island to Grabell Point in Wainfleet and includes Lake Erie 6 and Lake Erie 7 subwatersheds. The watercourses in this portion of the study area have not been evaluated in terms of importance for fish habitat. Aside from the subtle rock headland that marks Grabell Point, the topography is relatively flat in this portion of the study area. Land use is primarily residential along the shoreline made up of seasonal and permanent dwellings, and agriculture northward from Lake Erie. Natural heritage features in this portion of the study area include numerous wetlands and woodlots including Harold Mitchell Nature Reserve, Emerson Road Woodlot and Long Beach Conservation Area. Local Management Area 3.2 Local Management Area 3.2 extends from Grabell Point in Wainfleet, eastward to the eastern side of the Welland Canal at Nickel Beach in Port Colborne (Figure 3). Subwatersheds included in this portion of the study area are Casey Drain, Wainfleet Marsh, Eagle Marsh Drain, Welland Canal South and Lake Erie 2, 3, 4, and 5. Casey Drain, Eagle Marsh Drain, Lake Erie 3 and a portion of the Welland Canal (old route) have all been identified as important fish habitat. A portion of Eagle Marsh Drain has been designated as critical fish habitat and the Welland Canal has been designated as marginal fish habitat; the remaining watercourses in this area have not been evaluated in 15

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