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Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN covered in vegetation. This would not only provide a corridor for wildlife but would also provide benefits to water quality, provide the drain stability and filter sediment coming from adjacent fields and roads resulting in less sediment entering the drain and possibly lengthening the time between clean-outs. The fragmented pattern of the natural areas in the upper portion of the subwatershed offers ample of opportunity for creation of ecological linkages. In the southern portion of the subwatershed opportunity exists for infilling and connection of adjacent natural areas to create one large contiguous natural area that would support a larger diversity of flora and fauna. The Eagle Marsh Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy identifies two zones with specific stewardship and restoration recommendations (Table 17 and Figure 28). 178

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN Table 17: Eagle Marsh Drain Subwatershed Restoration Strategy Restoration Opportunities Recommended Restoration Strategies Riparian Wetland Upland and Ecological Linkages 1. North of Highway 3: headwaters region priority should be placed on establishing riparian habitat; the headwaters run through agricultural lands with little to no buffer. measures to establish and enhance buffer should be implemented to reduce sediment and contaminant loads from adjacent land use (road and agriculture) riparian buffers will help to reduce sediment and cool the water to enhance water quality and fish habitat as well create corridors that will connect fragmented natural areas providing cover for wildlife watercourses are managed as municipal drains therefore establishment of riparian corridors (e.g. deep rooted grasses & shrubs)should consider future maintenance activities (refer to engineers report and drainage BMP practice recommendations) 2. South of Highway 3 watercourse receives cover from natural areas south of Gord Harry Conservation Trail therefore focus should be on establishment of areas with little to no existing riparian (e.g. watercourses between Highway 3 and Gord Harry Conservation Trail and east of subdivision) headwaters of critical fish habitat have little to no buffer; wetland restoration suitability mapping indicates ample of suitability for riparian-wetland creation/enhancement along the watercourse north of Highway 3: see map create/enhance wetlands in areas where the wetness index and soil drainage permit; priority should be given to areas adjacent to existing wetlands(e.g., very high restoration suitability exists surrounding Wainfleet/Eagle Marsh Drain Wetland complexes for enhancement increasing size of interior, or creation of ecological linkages facilitating in the movement of flora and fauna between natural areas) protect existing wetlands (e.g., create a buffer of trees and shrubs between the wetlands and the agricultural activities) high suitability for filling in gaps in existing wetlands (e.g., Wainfleet/Eagle Marsh Drain Wetland Complex) create/enhance wetlands in areas where the wetness index and soil drainage permit (e.g., south of Highway 3) protect existing wetlands (e.g., create a buffer of trees and shrubs between the wetlands and the 179 moderate suitability for upland restoration adjacent to existing natural heritage areas; focus should be on increasing core natural areas, filling in gaps between adjacent areas and creating ecological linkages between fragmented areas and adjacent subwatersheds very high suitability for infilling and enhancement around Cement Plant Road Quarry PSW and Wainfleet/Eagle Marsh Drain Wetland Complex providing a Critical Function Zone, increasing interior size and creating a larger contiguous natural area which would increase the area‟s ability to support a larger diversity of flora and fauna opportunity for linkage creation

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