Views
3 years ago

Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN Sherkston Shores Resort, a closed quarry that has been converted to a recreational swimming area, is located in this area. Natural heritage features include 3 provincially significant Life Science ANSIs: Humberstone Muck Basin Swamp Forest, Empire Beach Backshore Forest Basin and Point Abino Peninsula Sandland Forest; old growth forests Philips Sugar Bush Grove and Marcy‟s Woods; and provincially significant wetlands Humberstone Marsh and Point Abino Wetland Complex. In addition, numerous wooded areas are scattered throughout the study area. Lake Erie Approximately 70 kilometres of Lake Erie shoreline extends through the Lake Erie North Shore watershed study area; stretching from Low Banks in Haldimand County to Crystal Beach in Fort Erie. Lake Erie is the shallowest and smallest in volume and has the shortest retention time of all the Great Lakes. It warms quickly during the warmer summer months and typically freezes over during the winter months. The shallowness of the basin and the warmer temperatures make it the most biologically productive of the Great Lakes. Eighty percent of Lake Erie‟s total inflow of water comes through the Detroit River. Eleven percent is from precipitation (rain and snow) and the remaining nine percent comes from the other tributaries. Lake Erie provides drinking water for approximately 11 million of the approximate 11.6 million people that live in its watershed (Lake Erie LaMP 1999). According to Dolan (1993), Lake Erie is exposed to greater stress due to urbanization and agricultural practices than any of the other Great Lakes. The lake receives chemically enriched runoff and sediment from agricultural lands within the basin. As well, it surpasses all other Great Lakes in the amount of effluent (discharged waste water) it receives from sewage plants. Therefore proper management of on land activities are important to the health and vitality of Lake Erie. During the 1960s and 70s water quality conditions in Lake Erie were a major public concern and in response the governments of Canada and the United States (US) signed the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement in 1972. This led to remedial actions on both sides of the border and eventually the situation improved. In the late 1990s Canada and the US joined forces to create a binational working group and produced the Lake Erie Lakewide Management Plan (LaMP) in 2000. This plan is updated on a regular basis. Unfortunately Lake Erie water quality has taken a turn for the worse. Despite billions of dollars of public expenditure to reduce phosphorus loadings to the Lake, evidence of nutrient-driven eutrophication is again before us. Algal blooms which threatened the Lake Erie ecosystem in the 1960s and 1970s have returned and the extent and duration of depleted oxygen (hypoxia) in the bottom waters (hypolimnion) of the central basin continues to increase. Cladophora Photo Credit: Lake Erie LaMP 18

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN (algae) growth has once again become a problem in shoreline areas with hard bottom substrate; botulism outbreaks are believed to be linked to a combination of interrelationships between Cladophora, dreissenids and round gobies; and old models developed to predict the lake response to various inputs are no longer accurate. In 2008 federal, provincial and state agencies in the Lake Erie Basin agreed to renew efforts to address nutrient problems in the Lake through the Binational Lake Erie Nutrient Strategy. The Lake Erie Binational Nutrient Management Strategy is a coordinated and strategic response from Canada and the United States that outlines nutrient management actions to reduce eutrophication of Lake Erie. The strategy provides quantitative targets and identifies nutrient management, restoration, research and monitoring priorities and actions that need to be considered and adopted by everyone (government agencies, non-government organizations and residents) in the watershed (Lake Erie LaMP Nutrient Management Task Group 2009). The relationship between the lake and its tributaries is a key component of the strategy. Studies are showing that some of the problems along the shoreline may be related to conditions in nearby minor tributaries. As a result Lake Erie managers are looking to watershed partners to assist in addressing conditions in the lake. Healthy watersheds are essential to a healthy Lake Erie. Topography The relatively flat topography of the Lake Erie North Shore was shaped largely by glacial activity. Approximately 25,000 to 13,000 years ago continental ice sheet Wisconsin readvanced over Niagara Peninsula bulldozing any pre-existing surficial deposits resulting in the bedrock being ground and polished by the mass sheet of ice. The tremendous weight of the 4 kilometer thick glacier resulted in the land beneath it to subside (Lewis 1991). As the Wisconsin ice sheet retreated approximately 13,000 years ago, a vast quantity of melt water from the retreating glacier was discharged into the Great Lakes resulting in a rise of Lake Erie water level. As the mass weight from the glacier was released from the landmass, the land rebounded upward and lakes and wetlands in the area expanded and contracted (Lewis 1991). The low-lying, north-facing Onondaga Escarpment, which rarely reaches heights of more than a few meters, is the most prominent feature in the Lake Erie North Shore watershed. Aside from a few openings, the ridge of the Onondaga prevents drainage south towards Lake Erie, resulting in a wet and swampy landscape north of the Onondaga Escarpment. The shoreline of Lake Erie consists of a series of rocky headlands combined with bayhead beaches that exhibit broad sandy bays or rocky interfaces. The sandy bays and beaches are consistently found west of the headlands, while the rocky, more rugged coastal features are found at the tip or to the east of the headlands (Jackson 1967). The topography of the Lake Erie North Shore watershed is illustrated on Figures 4a and 4b. 19

  • Page 1 and 2: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 3 and 4: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 5 and 6: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 7 and 8: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 9 and 10: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 11 and 12: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 13 and 14: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 15 and 16: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 17: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 21 and 22: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 23 and 24: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 25 and 26: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 27 and 28: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 29 and 30: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 31 and 32: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 33 and 34: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 35 and 36: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 37 and 38: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 39 and 40: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 41 and 42: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 43 and 44: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 45 and 46: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 47 and 48: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 49 and 50: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 51 and 52: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 53 and 54: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 55 and 56: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 57 and 58: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 59 and 60: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 61 and 62: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 63 and 64: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 65 and 66: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 67 and 68: LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA
  • Page 69 and 70:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 71 and 72:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 73 and 74:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 75 and 76:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 77 and 78:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 79 and 80:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 81 and 82:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 83 and 84:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 85 and 86:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 87 and 88:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 89 and 90:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 91 and 92:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 93 and 94:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 95 and 96:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 97 and 98:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 99 and 100:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 101 and 102:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 103 and 104:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 105 and 106:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 107 and 108:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 109 and 110:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 111 and 112:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 113 and 114:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 115 and 116:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 117 and 118:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 119 and 120:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 121 and 122:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 123 and 124:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 125 and 126:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 127 and 128:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 129 and 130:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 131 and 132:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 133 and 134:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 135 and 136:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 137 and 138:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 139 and 140:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 141 and 142:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 143 and 144:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 145 and 146:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 147 and 148:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 149 and 150:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 151 and 152:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 153 and 154:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 155 and 156:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 157 and 158:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 159 and 160:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 161 and 162:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 163 and 164:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 165 and 166:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 167 and 168:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 169 and 170:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 171 and 172:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 173 and 174:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 175 and 176:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 177 and 178:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 179 and 180:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 181 and 182:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 183 and 184:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 185 and 186:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 187 and 188:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 189 and 190:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 191 and 192:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 193 and 194:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 195 and 196:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 197 and 198:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 199 and 200:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 201 and 202:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 203 and 204:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 205 and 206:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 207 and 208:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 209 and 210:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 211 and 212:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 213 and 214:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 215 and 216:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 217 and 218:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 219 and 220:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 221 and 222:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 223 and 224:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 225 and 226:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 227 and 228:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 229 and 230:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 231 and 232:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 233 and 234:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 235 and 236:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 237 and 238:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 239 and 240:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 241 and 242:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 243 and 244:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 245 and 246:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 247 and 248:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 249 and 250:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 251 and 252:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 253 and 254:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 255 and 256:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 257 and 258:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 259 and 260:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 261 and 262:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 263 and 264:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 265 and 266:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 267 and 268:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 269 and 270:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 271 and 272:

    LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLA

  • Page 273 and 274:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 275 and 276:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 277 and 278:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 279 and 280:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 281 and 282:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 283 and 284:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 285 and 286:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 287 and 288:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 289 and 290:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 291 and 292:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 293 and 294:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 295 and 296:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 297 and 298:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 299 and 300:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 301 and 302:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

  • Page 303:

    DRAFT LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSH

8132 - NPCA SNF Watershed Report.indd - Niagara Peninsula ...
15-16-18 Mile Creek - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
2006 AnnuAl REPORT - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Title Page, Partners, Abstract - Niagara Peninsula Conservation ...
Lake Winnipeg Watershed Attributes Winnipe g Erie Watershed km
Wetland Characteristics - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Naturalization Brochure - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Lake Erie Shores & Islands Profile - Ohio Has It!
Buffer Brochure - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Lake Erie s Shores and Islands (Images of America)
Rocky shore Habitat action plan - North York Moors National Park
The Grand River - Lake Erie Connection - Great Lakes Fishery ...
2012 - 2021 Watershed Management Plan Volume I - Comfort Lake ...
Fort Erie Creeks Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula Conservation ...
Upper Welland River Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...
2.0 Watershed Geologic Characterization.pdf - Niagara Peninsula ...
Agenda - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Land Use Planning & Review Policy - Niagara Peninsula ...
Lower Welland River Characterization Report - Niagara Peninsula ...
Agenda - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Agenda - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
Monitoring & Assessing Marsh Habitat Health - Niagara Peninsula ...
Agenda - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
NPCA Stormwater Manual – Appendices - Niagara Peninsula ...
Reclaiming our Lake Erie shore
Agenda - Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority
North Shore Watershed Management Plan Notes from Community ...
Central Welland River Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...
Watershed Conservation Plan - Destination Erie
Bluffdale - Watershed Planning and Restoration Program - Salt Lake ...