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Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan - Niagara Peninsula ...

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN Figure 17b: Shallow Intrinsic Susceptibility-East 96

LAKE ERIE NORTH SHORE WATERSHED PLAN Intake Protection Zone Study In Ontario over 80 percent of the population receives their drinking water from municipal sources (O‟Connor 2002). Therefore, another facet of source water protection was the passage of the Clean Water Act in 2006 by the provincial government. The purpose of the Clean Water Act (MOE 2006b) is to protect existing and future sources of drinking water supplies. Accordingly, the Regional Municipality of Niagara has completed a Surface Water Vulnerability Study for each of its 6 municipal Water Treatment Plant (WTP) intakes; the Port Colborne intake falls within the Lake Erie North Shore Watershed Plan study area. The main focus of the Surface Water Vulnerability Study was to characterize the aquatic and upland features of the area surrounding the WTP intake, delineate the Intake Protection Zone (IPZ) around the intake, and assess the vulnerability of this intake to drinking water threats that are located within the IPZ. The Clean Water Act (2006) required the Conservation Authorities across Ontario to establish source protection committees under the guidance of the provincial government with the Chairman of the committee being appointed directly by the province. There are 19 Source Protection Regions/Areas established in Ontario, each with a respective Source Protection Committee. The work of the committee includes mapping vulnerable areas around municipal drinking water sources, identifying and assessing risks to municipal drinking water, and ultimately developing and implementing plans for safeguarding rivers, creeks and other sources of surface and ground water for municipal drinking water supplies within their geographic jurisdictions. Therefore, all 6 Surface Water Vulnerability Study[s] are being used by the Niagara Peninsula Source Protection Committee (NPSPC) to prepare an Assessment Report and a Source Protection Plan which are required under the Clean Water Act (MOE 2006b). The purpose of the Assessment Report (NPCA 2010b) is to assess the quality and quantity of municipal drinking water supplies across the source protection area. The Assessment Report identifies significant threats including potential future threats that could impact our drinking water sources (NPCA 2010b). Based on the analysis for the Port Colborne IPZ areas, there are no significant threats in the IPZ zone immediate surrounding the intake, and there are 3 significant threats found within the outer IPZ zone; this outer zone was delineated based on a 2-hour time of travel to the intake. All 3 significant threats “relate to the establishment, operation or maintenance of a system that collects, stores, transmits, treats or disposes of sewage” (NPCA 2010b). 97

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