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Niagara River Remedial Action Plan Stage 2 Update Report

Niagara River Remedial Action Plan Stage 2 Update Report

3) What remains to be

3) What remains to be done? It was clear from this review that while a lot of positive work has been completed there is still work to be done in order to deal with the impairments listed on page viii. Some of the remaining key actions include: 1. Assessing and addressing sources of nutrients leading to eutrophication of the Welland River and its tributaries. 2. Restoring and protecting fish and wildlife habitat, including unique habitats rarely found in other parts of the Great Lakes basin, and reducing the impacts of hydroelectric operations at the Sir Adam Beck Generating Station on the river upstream of the Chippawa Power Canal. 3. Completing assessments for the beneficial use impairment degradation of phytoplankton and zooplankton populations and implementing appropriate actions for any other beneficial uses deemed impaired. 4. Completing assessment of Queens Royal Beach and implementing any required actions to reduce E.coli at this beach. 5. Developing and implementing an updated monitoring plan to help track progress of the beneficial use impairments and ensure they don’t regress. 6. Based on community input and scientific studies, it was decided that a monitored natural recovery process is the most suitable approach to manage PCB-contaminated sediment in Lyons Creek East. Administrative controls will be developed and implemented to ensure that the sediments are not disturbed. The review process also demonstrated how important actions by the community are to the Remedial Action Plan process. For example, the Niagara Water Strategy was initiated by the Region in 2003. It established various goals and objectives in response to stakeholder input. Those goals relevant to the Remedial Action Plan principally revolve around the need to maintain and protect water quality throughout the watershed area. Remedial Action Plan related activities proposed by the strategy include eliminating combined sewer overflows and identifying key environmental systems reliant on clean water. Projects related to the Niagara River Remedial Action Plan have been identified as key priority actions in the current work program. Another significant example of local action is the successful work that the Niagara River Restoration Council (in partnership with the Niagara Peninsula Conservation Authority and Environment Canada) has achieved in restoring fish access to many of the tributaries in the Niagara River (Ontario) AOC. This project unlocked approximately 511 km of potential fish habitat (based on available GIS data). It is anticipated that this will assist in a greater number of fish being able to reach areas where they can reproduce. These successes, and many more like them, illustrate how this Remedial Action Plan depends on support and leadership by its various partners and stakeholders to make progress towards removing the Niagara River from the list of Areas of Concern in the Great Lakes. ix

Niagara river remedial action plan stage 2 update Table 1: Delisting Criteria for the Niagara River Area of Concern Beneficial Use Impairment 1) Restrictions on Fish and Wildlife Consumption Typically broken into two sections when assessed: }} Fish Consumption }} Wildlife Consumption 2) Tainting of Fish and Wildlife Flavour Proposed Delisting Criteria (March 2009) 1. No restrictions on the consumption of sport fish in the Ontario portion of the AOC due to locally-controllable contaminant (PCBs and dioxin-like PCBs) sources. The probable sources of contaminants causing the restrictions will be considered; locally controllable contaminant sources will be addressed by the Niagara River RAP. Any regional or upstream sources that are likely the cause of remaining restrictions on sport fish consumption in the AOC will be identified and referred to a broader regional program (i.e., Lake Ontario Lakewide Management Plan, Lake Erie Lakewide Management Plan and Niagara River Toxic Management Plan). Restrictions on sport fish consumption in the AOC will be evaluated through comparison to restrictions present in appropriate fish species from a suitable non-AOC reference site or sites. 2. OR if a contaminated site (as designated by the Niagara River Contaminated Sediment Technical Advisory Group*) fails to meet the criteria described above in regard to fish and wildlife consumption, then a risk based Contaminated Sediment Management Strategy must be in place with appropriate monitoring and mitigation measures and/or administrative controls. (Note: A delisting criteria was never developed as this BUI component was never shown to be Impaired only Requiring Further Analysis.) Status Impaired Not Impaired Not Impaired Status change Status changed – See Stage 2 update section 3.4 x

  • Page 1 and 2: Niagara River Remedial Action Plan
  • Page 4 and 5: Above the River On the occasion of
  • Page 6 and 7: Acronyms AGNPS AOC BUI CAER COA CSO
  • Page 8 and 9: Issues identified in the Niagara Ri
  • Page 10 and 11: Review of the Stage 2 Report Since
  • Page 14 and 15: 3) Degradation of Fish & Wildlife P
  • Page 16 and 17: 8) Eutrophication or Undesirable Al
  • Page 18 and 19: Sommaire On compte autour des Grand
  • Page 20 and 21: SECTEUR PRÉOCCUPANT (SP) DE LA RIV
  • Page 22 and 23: 2) Établissement d’un calendrier
  • Page 24 and 25: Table 2: Critères régissant le re
  • Page 26 and 27: 5) Déformations ou problèmes de r
  • Page 28 and 29: xxv 17. La proximité, la dimension
  • Page 30 and 31: List of Tables Table 1: Delisting C
  • Page 32 and 33: List of Appendices Appendix 1: Tech
  • Page 34 and 35: Area of Concern means a geographic
  • Page 36 and 37: Quick Facts about the Niagara River
  • Page 38 and 39: 1.3 Brief overview of the Niagara R
  • Page 40 and 41: Table 4 below shows the sources of
  • Page 42 and 43: What is COA? The Canada-Ontario Agr
  • Page 44 and 45: 2.0 REVIEW THE GOALS OF THE NIAGARA
  • Page 46 and 47: Table 6: Summary of Theme Categorie
  • Page 48 and 49: 2.2 Review of the Recommendations a
  • Page 50 and 51: High Rate Treatment Facility in Nia
  • Page 52 and 53: Eutrophication is a term used to de
  • Page 54 and 55: In addition to the NPCA, many other
  • Page 56 and 57: Table 8: Niagara AOC Contaminated S
  • Page 58 and 59: Lyons Creek West Figure 8: Lyons Cr
  • Page 60 and 61: In June 2007, as part of the sedime
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    and others stakeholders, has been p

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    Liaison with Niagara Region (Niagar

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    2.2.6 Surveillance and Monitoring 1

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    2.2.7 Outreach and Education 1995 R

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    2.2.8 General 1995 Recommendations:

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    of the Implementation Annex. Opport

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    Biota/Habitat/ Land Use Human Healt

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    44 Charting a Course to Delisting

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    (3) Public Advisory Committee - com

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    6. Temporal trends in contaminant l

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    16. The percentage by area of wetla

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    Thus, a survey was completed for aq

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    Snapping Turtles Hatching Success a

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    Mink organ indices Other potential

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    Table 12: Binbrook Conservation Bea

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    This review concludes that of the 4

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    Figure 21: Performance of individua

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    Consequently, the Niagara River RAP

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    The study found that the number of

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    Colonial Waterbird survey in the Ni

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    3.10 Monitoring recommendations Des

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    The Big Picture The water of the Ni

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    4.0 What Remains to be Done? What e

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    All Fish and Wildlife Habitat Fish

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    5.1 Implementation As part of the r

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    5.2 New RAP Implementation Framewor

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    Appendix 1: Technical Reviewers Fro

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    Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Fo

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    Appendix 4: A Brief History of Poll

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    Below is a summary of RAP highlight

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    2009 }} Presentation for comments a

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    Results show that statistically sig

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    Appendix 6: Influences on the Niaga

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    2000: The Niagara River RAP Impleme

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    In 2005, the Niagara Region began d

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    2004: Canadian Environmental Protec

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    2005: Provincial Policy Statement T

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    Appendix 7: Pollution Prevention an

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    The new Central PS/HRT has a capaci

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    McLeod Rd. Sewage Pumping Station a

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    Wetland Habitat (Hectares) Fiscal y

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    NOTE: Details in this appendix were

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    4. The Region of Niagara continue t

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    This Recommendation can be identifi

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    This Recommendation should be revis

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    The NPCA’s Natural Heritage Areas

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    This recommendation is ongoing thro

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    This recommendation is vague and sh

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    Suggested Revised Recommendations W

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    Appendix 11: Public Outreach and St

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    The Niagara River Toxics Management

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    Stage 2 Update Consultation Activit

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    The Implementation Committee The Im

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    }} Completion of a new work plan fo

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    3) Degradation of fish & wildlife p

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    7) Restrictions on Dredging Activit

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    Rationale for the Recommended Revis

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    7) Beneficial Use Impairment: Restr

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    Appendix 13: Restrictions on Wildli

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    An internet search and review of ex

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    AOC, is also shown. Concentrations

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    3.0 Current Status of the Impairmen

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    Golder Associates. 2005. Niagara Ri

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    1.1 Sentinel Species for Evaluating

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    2.1.3 Contaminants in Mink (source

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    6.0 References Fernie, K. and S. de

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    Appendix 16: Beach Closings Technic

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    Table 1: Location of current and hi

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    Thus, Niagara River beaches are: }}

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    They carried out the following acti

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    Conservation beach. It is less clea

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    }} Currently, there are no toxic ch

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    Our Plaque on the Niagara River In

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