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Niagara River Remedial Action Plan Stage 2 Update Report

Niagara River Remedial Action Plan Stage 2 Update Report

2004: Canadian

2004: Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA, 1999) – Notice Requiring the Preparation and Implementation of Pollution Prevention Plans for Inorganic Chloramines and Chlorinated Wastewater Effluents Pollution Prevention (P2) is defined by the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment as the “use of processes, practices, materials, products or energy that avoids or minimizes the creation of pollutants and wastes at the source.” Pollution prevention is a major component of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA, 1999). A P2 Planning Notice was published by Environment Canada in the Canada Gazette, Part I on December 4, 2004 entitled: Notice Requiring the Preparation of and Implementation of Pollution Prevention Plans for Inorganic Chloramines and Chlorinated Wastewater Effluents. This notice applies to any Municipality (or company) that owns a wastewater treatment facility that discharges treated effluent where the following three criteria are met: 1. The annual average effluent discharge volume is at least 5,000 m 3 /day; 2. The effluent is discharged to surface water; 3. The total residual chlorine in the effluent is greater than 0.02 mg/L. As part of this program municipalities are required to prepare and implement pollution prevention (P2) plans for the reduction of chlorine residuals in municipal wastewater effluent. The deadline for achieving and maintaining a concentration of Total Chlorine (TRC) in the effluent less than or equal to 0.02 mg/L is December 15, 2009. A list and status of Niagara Region’s P2 projects is provided in Appendix 7. 2005: Introduction and implementation of Source Protection legislation by the Province of Ontario The goal of source protection is to safeguard human health by ensuring that current and future sources of drinking water in Ontario’s lakes, rivers and groundwater are protected from potential contamination and depletion. In 2002, following the Walkerton Public Inquiry, the O’Connor report outlined several recommendations related to protection of drinking water in Ontario. Watershed-based source protection was a key recommendation of the Walkerton Inquiry 149 . The report recommended using a multi-barrier approach, where source water protection (SWP) is considered the first barrier in ensuring safe drinking water. The report stated that the protection and enhancement of natural systems is one of the most effective ways of ensuring the safety of Ontario’s drinking water. Consequently, the provincial government released draft legislation in 2004 on the development and approval of watershed-based source water protection plans. In June 2007, the government enacted the legislation through the Clean Water Act. This will require source water protection plans to be prepared for all watersheds in Ontario by the stakeholders in each watershed. Source protection plans will identify risks of contamination or depletion to sources of drinking water and establish measures to reduce those risks 150 . 149 Part Two (2002) Report of the Walkerton Inquiry: A Strategy for Safe Drinking Water. The Honourable Dennis R. O’Connor. 150 Ministry of the Environment. February 2004. White Paper on Watershed-based Source Protection Planning. 100

Niagara river remedial action plan stage 2 update Currently the NPCA is undertaking a multi-year program to complete Watershed Management Plans for each of the watersheds in the NPCA jurisdiction. The NPCA is also completing a Watershed Characterization and Conceptual Water Budget. The Niagara Region, as the lead organization, is working with the NPCA to complete the surface water vulnerability analysis for each of the Region’s water treatment plants. This includes delineating Intake Protection Zones (IPZs), applying vulnerability scores, identifying issues, inventorying threats, evaluating hazards and assessing risks in the IPZs. The work is being funded by the Ministry of Environment (MOE) and Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR). 2005: The Greenbelt Act The provincial Greenbelt Act protects environmentally sensitive land and agricultural land in the Golden Horseshoe from urban development and sprawl. More than one million additional acres in the Golden Horseshoe will be protected by the greenbelt, for a total of 1.8 million acres, more than doubling the areas protected on the Oak Ridges Moraine and the Niagara Escarpment. 151 Building on the Greenbelt initiative, the government over the past year has taken a number of additional actions to protect greenspace and agricultural land, curb sprawl and manage growth. Some of the key ones are: }} Places to Grow, which directs growth to urban centres and protects natural systems and agricultural areas beyond the Greenbelt }} Natural Spaces Program, which supports private landowners’ efforts to preserve and restore natural areas }} New Provincial Policy Statement and proposed planning reform legislation }} Brownfields Ontario, which promotes the rehabilitation of former industrial sites for use by future generations. 2005: Places to Grow Act The Places to Grow Act provides a framework for the government to coordinate planning and decisionmaking for long-term growth and infrastructure renewal in Ontario. It gives the province the power to designate geographical growth areas and to develop growth plans in collaboration with local officials and stakeholders to meet specific needs across the province. The need for effective growth planning is particularly urgent in the Greater Golden Horseshoe which stretches around Lake Ontario from Peterborough to Niagara and north to Barrie. The government anticipates that a final growth plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe will be released later in 2007. This growth plan will complement the Greenbelt Plan. See www.pir.gov.on.ca 151 www.mah.gov.on.ca 101

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