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Niagara River Remedial Action Plan Stage 2 Update Report

Niagara River Remedial Action Plan Stage 2 Update Report

List of Tables Table 1:

List of Tables Table 1: Delisting Criteria for the Niagara River Area of Concern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x Table 2: Critères régissant le retrait de la rivière Niagara de la liste des secteurs préoccupants . xxi Table 3: Niagara River (Ontario) Area of Concern: Causes of Beneficial Use Impairments within the AOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Table 4: Niagara River (Ontario) Area of Concern: Causes of Beneficial Use Impairments outside the AOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Table 5: Goals for the Niagara River AOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Table 6: Summary of Theme Categories, Recommendations and Implementation Activities . . 14 Table 7: Habitat accomplishments in the Niagara River AOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Table 8: Niagara AOC Contaminated Sediment Areas – Status and Recommended Action . . 24 Table 9: Fish Barrier Status Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Table 10: Summary of the Status of the Recommendations and the List of New Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Table 11: Updated Niagara River (Ontario) AOC delisting criteria. Under the status changed column “X” signifies that the delisting criteria has been met under current conditions and a blank cell signifies that it has not yet been met . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Table 12: Binbrook Conservation Beach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Table 13: Chippawa Conservation Beach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Table 14: Ball Street Beach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Table 15: Queens Royal Beach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Table 16: Sampling locations for fish tumours in the Niagara River (Ontario) AOC . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Table 17: Census data of colonial waterbird nests (=pairs) on the Canadian side of the Niagara during the 1st (1977), 2nd (1990/91), 3rd (1997-2000) and 4th (2007) surveys as part of the Great Lakes-wide decadal surveys conducted by the Canadian Wildlife Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Table 18: Census data of colonial waterbird nests (=pairs) on the U.S. side of the Niagara River (A)during the 1st (1977), 2nd (1989-1991), 3rd (1997/99) and 4th (2007/08) surveys as part of the Great Lakes-wide decadal surveys conducted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Data presented for the U.S. sides of the Niagara River and Lake Erie for the 4th survey are incomplete and hence no annual rates of change have been calculated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Table 19: Census data of double crested cormorants (=pairs) on the U.S. side of the Niagara River (1992-2008). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Table 20: Sentinel species used for assessment purposes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Table 21: List of revised recommendations and work plan partners. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Table 22: Summary of the Niagara River RAP Monitoring Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

Niagara river remedial action plan stage 2 update List of Figures Figure 1: Remedial Action Plan Process for the Niagara River Area of Concern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi Figure 2: Plan d’assainissement pour le secteur préoccupant de la rivière Niagara . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xvii Figure 3: Revised GLWQA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Figure 4: Map of the Niagara River AOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Figure 5: Niagara Falls Central Pumping Stn. CSO-HRT Facility Opening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Figure 6: A new manure storage facility in the Niagara River AOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Figure 7: Dredging deposits of mill-scale at the Welland River reef site in 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Figure 8: Lyons Creek West & East Study sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Figure 9: Lyons Creek East Wetland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Figure 10: Lyons Creek East Area of Undertaking for Administrative Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Figure 11: A wetland in the Niagara River AOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Figure 12: Stage 2 plaque on the Niagara River . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Figure 13: Children learning at the Niagara Children’s Water Festival . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Figure 14: Mean hatching success of snapping turtle eggs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Figure 15: Mean deformity rate of hatchling snapping turtles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Figure 16: Outfall located at Queens Royal Beach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Figure 17: Magnitude of geometric mean E. coli exceedance Queens Royal Beach and Outfall, 2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Figure 18: Magnitude of geometric mean E. coli exceedance for the Binbrook Conservation each . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Figure 19: Magnitude of geometric mean E. coli exceedance for the Ball Street beach . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Figure 20: Magnitude of geometric mean E. coli exceedance for the Queens Royal Beach . . . . . . 61 Figure 21: Performance of individual beaches within the Niagara River (Ontario) AOC (2003-2008). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62

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