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Niagara River Remedial Action Plan Stage 2 Update Report

Niagara River Remedial Action Plan Stage 2 Update Report

List of Appendices

List of Appendices Appendix 1: Technical Reviewers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Appendix 2: Steering Committee (2007) & RAP Implementation and Science Committees (2009) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Appendix 3: Public Advisory Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Appendix 4: A Brief History of Pollution in the Niagara River and RAP Highlights . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Appendix 5: The Niagara River Toxics Management Plan (NRTMP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Appendix 6: Influences on the Niagara River RAP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Appendix 7: Pollution Prevention and Control Planning in the Niagara River AOC . . . . . . . . . 104 Appendix 8: Niagara Region Water and Wastewater Projects Identified in the Stage 2 . . . . . . . 107 Appendix 9: Water Quality and Habitat Improvement Project Accomplishments . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Appendix 10: Niagara River Remedial Action Plan (RAP) Recommendations and Proposed List of Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 Appendix 11: Public Outreach and Stage 2 Update Consultation Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128 Appendix 12: The Niagara River AOC Coordinator Committee’s Recommended Delisting Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Appendix 13: Restrictions on Wildlife Consumption Technical Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 Appendix 14: Bird (or other animal) Deformities or Reproduction Problems Technical Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Appendix 15: Status of the Restrictions on Dredging Activities in the Niagara River (Ontario) AOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 Appendix 16: Beach Closings Technical Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162

Niagara river remedial action plan stage 2 update 1.0 INTRODUCTION The Niagara River was designated by the federal and provincial governments in cooperation with the International Joint Commission (IJC) as one of 43 Areas of Concern (AOCs) requiring a Remedial Action Plan (RAP). Development of the RAP is a dynamic, three-stage process based on the framework established in Annex 2 of the 1987 Protocol of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA). In accordance with the GLWQA, each Canadian AOC has developed a RAP that guides restoration and protection efforts. All RAPs must proceed through three stages. The government agencies are also required to ensure that the public is consulted in all actions undertaken. Stage One: determine the severity and underlying causes of environmental degradation or impairment of beneficial uses that is the basis for the location being designated as an AOC. Stage Two: identify and implement actions that will lead to the restoration and protection of beneficial uses and ecosystem health. Stage Three: confirm, through monitoring, that identified beneficial uses and ecosystem health have been restored. Delisting Figure 3: Revised GLWQA When Stage Three is complete, the AOC is “delisted”, that is, removed from the list of AOCs. Delisting an AOC means that the delisting criteria identified in the RAP have been achieved. The decision to delist an AOC is made by the federal, provincial, and local RAP participants, with advice from the International Joint Commission. As of 2010, of the 17 Areas of Concern in Canada, three have been delisted, Collingwood Harbour, Severn Sound and Wheatley Harbour. What is the International Joint Commission? The International Joint Commission (IJC) is an independent binational organization established by the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909. Its purpose is to help prevent and resolve disputes relating to the use and quality of boundary waters and to advise Canada and the United States on related questions. What is the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement? The Agreement, first signed in 1972 and renewed in 1978, expresses the commitment of Canada and the United States to restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem and includes a number of objectives and guidelines to achieve these goals. It reaffirms the rights and obligation of Canada and the United States under the Boundary Waters Treaty and has become a major focus of Commission activity. In 1987, a Protocol was signed amending the 1978 Agreement. The Protocol called for the development and implementation of Remedial Action Plans (RAPs) to restore ecosystem health at 43 Areas of Concerns (AOCs) within the Great Lakes Basin. The Agreement has not been amended since 1987. Canada and the U.S. announced their intention to amend the GLWQA on June 13, 2009 at the Boundary Waters Treaty centennial celebrations. 1

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