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Niagara River Remedial Action Plan Stage 2 Update Report

Niagara River Remedial Action Plan Stage 2 Update Report

Issues identified in the

Issues identified in the Niagara River Area of Concern The Niagara River (Ontario) Remedial Action Plan Stage 2 Report was released in 1995. It listed 16 goals and 37 recommendations and outlined a list of criteria for evaluating the restoration of beneficial uses. This process helped identify future actions needed to restore the AOC. Some of the beneficial use impairments identified in the Niagara River (Ontario) AOC included: }} Restrictions on fish and wildlife consumption }} Degradation of fish and wildlife populations } } } Degradation of benthos (worms and insects that live at the bottom of the river) } Eutrophication (increase in nutrients that results in decreased oxygen in the water) or undesirable algae These beneficial use impairments are the result of habitat destruction and a wide variety of local contaminant sources (e.g., urban sewage, stormwater runoff and industrial discharges, agricultural runoff, municipal sewage treatment, failing septic systems, and contaminated sediments). In addition to these local sources, several of the impacts come from outside the Niagara River AOC (e.g., from Lake Erie, from the US side of the river, and/or from air deposition). These non-local contaminant sources, however, are beyond the scope of this Remedial Action Plan and are being addressed through other initiatives. One program set up to deal with these concerns is the Niagara River Toxics Management Plan. This binational plan’s purpose is to reduce the concentrations of toxic pollutants in the Niagara River. v

Niagara river remedial action plan stage 2 update NIAGARA RIVER AREA OF CONCERN (AOC) Remedial Action Plan Process Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (1987) ‣ Identification of 43 AOCs ‣ Identification of 14 Beneficial Use Impairments (BUI) Stage 1 (1993) Problem definition Scope of AOC F U T U R E P R E S E N T P A S T Stage 1 Update (1995) Stage 2 (1995) Implementation Annex (2000) Stage 2 Update (2009) Stage 3 (2015?) Data on the 14 sediment sites Identification of improvements in pollution point sources (industrial and municipal) and non-point sources (rural) Identification of 16 Goals Identification of 37 Recommendations Development of Delisting Criteria RAP actions underway (e.g. Atlas Reef - sediment cleanup) Implementation Activities (work plan) Section I - Review / refine delisting criteria Section II - Progress made ‣ Review Goals, Recommendations and Implementation Activities that are designed to support ecosystem recovery Section III - Impairment evaluations ‣ Review status of individual BUIs against Delisting Criteria through analysis of most current data Section IV - Redesignation of individual BUIs ‣ Change of status (requires further assessment / impaired / not impaired) Section V - Monitoring plan Confirmation through monitoring that BUIs and ecosystem health are restored Figure 1: Remedial Action Plan Process for the Niagara River Area of Concern vi

  • Page 1 and 2: Niagara River Remedial Action Plan
  • Page 4 and 5: Above the River On the occasion of
  • Page 6 and 7: Acronyms AGNPS AOC BUI CAER COA CSO
  • Page 10 and 11: Review of the Stage 2 Report Since
  • Page 12 and 13: 3) What remains to be done? It was
  • Page 14 and 15: 3) Degradation of Fish & Wildlife P
  • Page 16 and 17: 8) Eutrophication or Undesirable Al
  • Page 18 and 19: Sommaire On compte autour des Grand
  • Page 20 and 21: SECTEUR PRÉOCCUPANT (SP) DE LA RIV
  • Page 22 and 23: 2) Établissement d’un calendrier
  • Page 24 and 25: Table 2: Critères régissant le re
  • Page 26 and 27: 5) Déformations ou problèmes de r
  • Page 28 and 29: xxv 17. La proximité, la dimension
  • Page 30 and 31: List of Tables Table 1: Delisting C
  • Page 32 and 33: List of Appendices Appendix 1: Tech
  • Page 34 and 35: Area of Concern means a geographic
  • Page 36 and 37: Quick Facts about the Niagara River
  • Page 38 and 39: 1.3 Brief overview of the Niagara R
  • Page 40 and 41: Table 4 below shows the sources of
  • Page 42 and 43: What is COA? The Canada-Ontario Agr
  • Page 44 and 45: 2.0 REVIEW THE GOALS OF THE NIAGARA
  • Page 46 and 47: Table 6: Summary of Theme Categorie
  • Page 48 and 49: 2.2 Review of the Recommendations a
  • Page 50 and 51: High Rate Treatment Facility in Nia
  • Page 52 and 53: Eutrophication is a term used to de
  • Page 54 and 55: In addition to the NPCA, many other
  • Page 56 and 57: Table 8: Niagara AOC Contaminated S
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    Lyons Creek West Figure 8: Lyons Cr

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    In June 2007, as part of the sedime

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    and others stakeholders, has been p

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    Liaison with Niagara Region (Niagar

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    2.2.6 Surveillance and Monitoring 1

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    2.2.7 Outreach and Education 1995 R

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    2.2.8 General 1995 Recommendations:

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    of the Implementation Annex. Opport

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    Biota/Habitat/ Land Use Human Healt

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    44 Charting a Course to Delisting

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    (3) Public Advisory Committee - com

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    6. Temporal trends in contaminant l

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    16. The percentage by area of wetla

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    Thus, a survey was completed for aq

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    Snapping Turtles Hatching Success a

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    Mink organ indices Other potential

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    Table 12: Binbrook Conservation Bea

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    This review concludes that of the 4

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    Figure 21: Performance of individua

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    Consequently, the Niagara River RAP

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    The study found that the number of

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    Colonial Waterbird survey in the Ni

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    3.10 Monitoring recommendations Des

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    The Big Picture The water of the Ni

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    4.0 What Remains to be Done? What e

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    All Fish and Wildlife Habitat Fish

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    5.1 Implementation As part of the r

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    5.2 New RAP Implementation Framewor

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    Appendix 1: Technical Reviewers Fro

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    Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Fo

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    Appendix 4: A Brief History of Poll

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    Below is a summary of RAP highlight

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    2009 }} Presentation for comments a

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    Results show that statistically sig

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    Appendix 6: Influences on the Niaga

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    2000: The Niagara River RAP Impleme

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    In 2005, the Niagara Region began d

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    2004: Canadian Environmental Protec

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    2005: Provincial Policy Statement T

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    Appendix 7: Pollution Prevention an

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    The new Central PS/HRT has a capaci

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    McLeod Rd. Sewage Pumping Station a

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    Wetland Habitat (Hectares) Fiscal y

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    NOTE: Details in this appendix were

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    4. The Region of Niagara continue t

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    This Recommendation can be identifi

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    This Recommendation should be revis

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    The NPCA’s Natural Heritage Areas

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    This recommendation is ongoing thro

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    This recommendation is vague and sh

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    Suggested Revised Recommendations W

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    Appendix 11: Public Outreach and St

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    The Niagara River Toxics Management

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    Stage 2 Update Consultation Activit

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    The Implementation Committee The Im

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    }} Completion of a new work plan fo

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    3) Degradation of fish & wildlife p

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    7) Restrictions on Dredging Activit

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    Rationale for the Recommended Revis

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    7) Beneficial Use Impairment: Restr

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    Appendix 13: Restrictions on Wildli

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    An internet search and review of ex

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    AOC, is also shown. Concentrations

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    3.0 Current Status of the Impairmen

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    Golder Associates. 2005. Niagara Ri

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    1.1 Sentinel Species for Evaluating

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    2.1.3 Contaminants in Mink (source

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    6.0 References Fernie, K. and S. de

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    Appendix 16: Beach Closings Technic

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    Table 1: Location of current and hi

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    Thus, Niagara River beaches are: }}

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    They carried out the following acti

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    Conservation beach. It is less clea

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    }} Currently, there are no toxic ch

  • Page 206:

    Our Plaque on the Niagara River In

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