Take-off for Sustainable Aviation - Bioenergi

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Take-off for Sustainable Aviation - Bioenergi

Take-off for Sustainable Aviation

”How to get the necessary resources”

Per Møller

Kalundborg Municipality – Development

Cluster Biofuels Denmark

11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 1


Key subjects

• What feedstock’s can meet the criteria?

– Yes but……

• Can we produce sufficient biofuels?

– Yes, but…..

• What role will major oil companies play?

– Could play a major role, but….

11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 2


Key subjects

• Can biofuel prices be competitive?

– YES, but….

• What support is needed from governments?

– Incentives, and…..

11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 3


Overview

• Identification of necessary resources

• Resources and sustainability

• Waste-to-value

• Biorefining concepts

• Industrial Symbiosis

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Necessary resources

• Raw material (feedstock)

• Technologies & consumables

----------------------------------------

• Infra-structure and logistics

• Distribution

• Costumer

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Feedstocks

• Type (quality)

• Availability (distance, time)

• Storage issues

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Feedstock / raw materials


Industrial

waste

Waste

water

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Land area equivalents

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Algae and waste must contribute

Microalgae

Waste water

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Technology demands

• energy, consumables, investments,

maintenance etc.

Pretreatment Refinement Products

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Can we produce enough ?

• Consumption of ca 1 mill. ton pr year (DK)

• Need for 500.000 ton biofuel pr year (50% drop-in)

Example: 700.000 ton bio-oil needed (DK only)

• A combination of Rawmaterials AND Waste

=> a combination of Technologies

11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 11


A realistic scenario – case Kalundborg

• Waste to Value (W2V)

• Biorefining Concepts (BC)

• Public-Private-Partnerships (PPP)

• Industrial Symbiosis

11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 12


Biorefinery and Industrial Symbiosis

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Kortlægning af vandstrømme mellem symbiosevirksomheder

Gyproc

Tissø

3620

Kalundborg

forsyning

65

1326 23/54 891 10 7,4

440 754 1674

32

28

61

292

118

Novo Nordisk

Statoil

138

344

154

DONG Energy

ASV

124

314 754 717

Novozymes

1018

Dansk Olie

Genbrug

Pronova

Vand fra indløb

314 150 200

Genbrugs

bassin

247

82

16

2763 7

24

Rensningsanlæg

Gyproc

RGS 90

Inbicon

7

40

68

73

Til landbrug

Stoppet i 2011

Tissø vand

Rent Tissø V.

Damp

Havvand

Dionat

1466

Kalundborg

fjord

Tek. vand

Spildevand

Spildevand

Kølevand

5570

Spædevand FJV (Dionat)

Vandværksvand

Intern Bio-rens

Jammerlands

Bugt

Dræn vand

Alle tal er fra 2011, (1000 kbm)

Vand fra indløb pumpestation

Statoils egen anlæg

11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 14


Renewable Energy

Biorefinery for Renewable Jetfuel/Diesel

- idea based on the Industrial Symbiosis concept

Hydrogen Plant

Process Operator

Hydrogen

>99%, partialtryk >45 bar,


Score chart: DBC

EU Benchmarking

General

Costs

95%

90%

Plant data

85%

80%

Sustainability

83%

75%

Feedstock

Energy performance

88%

Standardisation

Process description

90%

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EU Benchmarking

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Can it be competitive ?

P1

P2

P3

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Recommendations

1) As part of the sustainability approach, Local

Resources should be prioritized, and so depicting the

Technology of Choise

2) Industrial Symbiosis & Biorefinery Concepts should

be included for utilization of Residual Streams and

creating Added Value => Solid business models

3) Apart from incentives, governments should play a

strong facilitating role and support PPP initiatives

11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 19


Sustainable Development – a Balancing Act

Sustainable development seeks to balance social, economic and environmental objectives in order to secure

the well-being of present and future generations. These objectives are interdependent and thus equally

important. Finding the optimum balance means that difficult choices sometimes have to be made and

concessions may be required.

Aviation is a good example of this: it is a consumer of non-renewable resources, a contributor to climate

change and local noise problems but at the same time it makes a very valuable and unique contribution to

the sustainable development of our global society.

Aviation in a Sustainable Context

Public demand for air travel is continually growing. Efforts within the industry to improve the environmental

performance of its economic activities, however, must and will continue.

To interpret sustainable growth as "growth without environmental impact" – as advocated in some circles –

ignores the significance of socio-economic values in the sustainability equation, thereby corrupting the

very essence of the concept. Sustainable development should not be confused with environmental

conservation; although closely linked, they are not the same. Environmental issues should be firmly placed

in the wider context of sustainable development, striking a balance with social and economic objectives.

Economy

The air transport industry generates 32 million jobs worldwide. Its global economic impact is estimated at USD

3,650 billion.

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Energy production in DK

11-10-2012 Take off: A Sustainable Aviation Day 21

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