29.11.2014 Views

Manual on Curriculum Development (Bengali)

Manual on Curriculum Development (Bengali)

Manual on Curriculum Development (Bengali)

SHOW MORE
SHOW LESS

Create successful ePaper yourself

Turn your PDF publications into a flip-book with our unique Google optimized e-Paper software.

FINAL DRAFT<br />

cÖwkÿ‡Ki g¨vbyqvj<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb welqK cÖwkÿY<br />

†gqv`: 05 w`b<br />

cywjk widg †cÖvMÖvg


†Kvm© AvDUjvBb<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb welqK cÖwkY<br />

j¨:<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb welqK Ávb, `Zv I `„wófsMxi Dbœqb mvab<br />

mgqKvj: 05 w`b<br />

AskMÖnbKvix: wewfbœ cywjk GKv‡Wgxi gv÷vi †UªBbvie„›`<br />

Av‡jvP¨ welqmg~n:<br />

• myPbv ce©<br />

• KvwiKzjvg cªYqb I cÖwk‡Y Avgv‡`i AwfÁZv<br />

• KvwiKyjvg I Gi Dcv`vb<br />

• cÖwkY Pvwn`v wbiƒcY<br />

• D‡Ïk¨ I AvjP¨mywP wba©viY<br />

• `Zv PPv©<br />

• c×wZ I †KŠkj m¤ú©wKZ aviYv<br />

• DcKiY ‰Zwi I e¨envi<br />

• cvV cwiKíbv : aviYv I ¸i“Z¡<br />

• `jfvM I KvwiKzjvg ˆZwii Rb¨ welq wbev©Pb<br />

• `Z PPv ©: n¨ÛAvDUmn cvV cwiKíbv ‰Zwi<br />

• `jxq Dc¯’vcbv I wdWe¨vK<br />

• KvwiKzjv‡gi mvaviY Ask (cª_g Ask) ˆZwi, cvV cwiKíbv GKÎxKiY I Dc¯’vcbv<br />

• †Kvm© g~j¨vqb<br />

• mgvcbx ce©<br />

<br />

2


D‡Ïk¨:<br />

Kg©m~wP<br />

• ÔKvwiKzjvgÕ m¤úwK©Z aviYvi ¯^”QZv mÜvb<br />

• KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb cÖwμqvq `ÿZvi Dbœqb mvab<br />

ms‡hvRbx-1.1<br />

• GKwU gvbm¤§Z KvwiKzjvg cÖYq‡bi †ÿ‡Î evsjv‡`k cywjk wefv‡Mi m`m¨‡`i `„wófw½ cwieZ©b<br />

mvab<br />

w`b-01<br />

09:00 - m~Pbv ce©<br />

10:30 - Pv-weiwZ<br />

11:00 - cÖwkÿY Ges KvwiKzjvg<br />

cÖYq‡b Avgv‡`i AwfÁZv<br />

12:00 - KvwiKzjvg m¤úwK©Z kã‡Kvl<br />

m¤ú‡K© aviYv<br />

01:00 - `ycy‡ii weiwZ<br />

02:00 - KvwiKzjvg Ges Gi Dcv`vb<br />

03:30 - Pv-weiwZ<br />

04:00 - c~e©eZx© †mkb Pjgvb<br />

04:30 - w`‡bi mgvwß<br />

w`b-04<br />

09:00 - cybiv‡jvPbv<br />

09:45 - c~e©eZx© †mkb Pjgvb (Z_¨cÎ<br />

mn cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwi)<br />

10:30 - Pv weiwZ<br />

11:00 - c~e©eZx© †mkb Pjgvb<br />

01:00 - `ycy‡ii weiwZ<br />

02:00 - cvV cwiKíbv Dc¯’vcbv I<br />

wdWe¨vK<br />

03:30 - Pv weiwZ<br />

04:00 - c~e©eZx© †mkb Pjgvb<br />

04:45 - w`‡bi mgvwß<br />

w`b-02<br />

09:00 - cybiv‡jvPbv<br />

09:45 - cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒcY<br />

11:00 - Pv weiwZ<br />

11:30 - D‡Ïk¨ I Av‡jvP¨ m~wP wba©viY<br />

12:15 - `ÿZv PP©v<br />

01:15 - `ycy‡ii weiwZ<br />

02:15 - c×wZ I †KŠkj m¤ú‡K© aviYv<br />

03:15 - Pv weiwZ<br />

03:45 - DcKiY ˆZwi I e¨envi<br />

04:45 - w`‡bi mgvwß<br />

w`b-05<br />

09:00 - cybiv‡jvPbv<br />

09:45 - KvwiKzjv‡gi mvaviY Ask<br />

(cÖ_g Ask) ˆZwi<br />

10:30 - Pv weiwZ<br />

11:00 - c~e©eZx© †mkb Pjgvb<br />

01:30 - `ycy‡ii weiwZ<br />

02:15 - KvwiKzjvg PzovšÍKiY:<br />

Dc¯’vcbv I wdWe¨vK (c~‡e©i<br />

†mkb Pjgvb)<br />

03:30 - †Kvm© g~j¨vqb<br />

04:00 - mgvcbx ce©<br />

w`b-03<br />

09:00 - cybiv‡jvPbv<br />

09:45- cvV cwiKíbv: aviYv I<br />

¸i“Z¡ I avc<br />

10:30 - Pv weiwZ<br />

11:00 - c~e©eZx© †mkb Pjgvb<br />

11:45 - `j fvM I KvwiKzjvg<br />

ˆZwii Rb¨ Av‡jvP¨m~Px<br />

wba©viY<br />

01:00 - `ycy‡ii weiwZ<br />

02:00 - Z_¨cÎ mn cvVcwiKíbv<br />

ˆZwi<br />

03:30 - Pv weiwZ<br />

04:00 - c~e©eZx© †mkb Pjgvb<br />

04:45 - w`‡bi mgvwß<br />

QzwU<br />

<br />

4


GKmv‡_ KvR Kivi civgk©<br />

• Avgiv mevB mnKgx© Ges eÜz Avgv‡`i jÿ¨ GK<br />

• †Lvjvgb wb‡q K_v ej‡ev, KvR Ki‡ev<br />

• wfbœZv‡K mgm¨v bq, m¤¢vebv wn‡m‡e †`L‡ev<br />

• mgq †g‡b Pj‡ev, c~Y© AskMÖnY Ki‡ev<br />

• cÖwμqvq Av¯’v ivL‡ev<br />

• †gvevBj †dvb mvB‡j›U †gv‡W ivL‡ev<br />

ms‡hvRbx-1.2<br />

c~Y©gvb: 30<br />

<br />

5


mgq: 20 wgwbU<br />

cÖkœcÎ (cÖvK-cÖwkY)<br />

mZ¨ n‡j (m) wg_¨v n‡j (wg) wjLybt 10<br />

• ‡Kvb †Kv‡m©i Rb¨B wUGbG (TNA)-Gi cÖ‡qvRb †bB<br />

• Ach©vß welqwfwËK Ávb `jxq Av‡jvPbv‡K e¨nZ K‡i bv<br />

• cÖwk‡Yi mv‡_ †fŠZ myweavw`i †Kvb m¤úK© †bB|<br />

• AskMÖnYg~jK cÖwk‡Y AskMÖnYKvixivB me‡P‡q ¸i“Z¡c~Y© m¤ú`<br />

• mdj †hvMv‡hv‡Mi †‡Î `yB c‡i f~wgKvB mgvbfv‡e ¸i“Z¡c~Y©<br />

• KvwiKzjvg n‡jv gwWD‡ji mw¤§wjZ i“c<br />

• gwWDj Ges cvV cwiKíbvi g‡a¨ †Kvb cv_©K¨ †bB<br />

• Awa‡ekb cwiPvjvi cÖwμqv cvV cwiKíbvq AšÍf~©³ bvI n‡Z cv‡i<br />

• cÖwkY DcKiY KLbIB c×wZ‡K/cÖwμqv‡K cÖfvweZ K‡i bv<br />

• AskMÖnYg~jK cÖwk‡Y cÖwk‡Ki f~wgKv AwaK ¸i“Z¡c~Y©<br />

Lvwj Ni c~iY Ki“bt 05<br />

• KvwiKzjv‡gi cÖ_g Ask‡K ejv nq............................<br />

• cÖwkY Uzj GK ai‡bi..........................................<br />

• wUGbG (TNA) n‡jv cÖZ¨vwkZ cvidi‡gÝ-we`¨gvb cvidi‡gÝ..............................<br />

• cÖZ¨vwnK wm‡jev‡mi Aci bvg..........................................<br />

• g~j¨vqb n‡jv........................................................GKwU Ask<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYq‡bi cuvPwU avc wjLybt 10<br />

1.<br />

2.<br />

3.<br />

4.<br />

5.<br />

wkY DcKiY Ges mnvqK DcKib/ Uzjm& wPwýZ Ki“bt 05<br />

wfc †evW©, wd¬c PvU©, gvK©vi, Qwe, Z_¨cÎ, KvW©, †cv÷vi, gwWDj, gvwëwgwWqv, cvÛywjwc<br />

cÖwkY Uzjm&<br />

wkj DcKiY<br />

<br />

6


Awa‡ekb-02<br />

wk‡ivbvg :<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb I cÖwkÿ‡Y Avgv‡`i AwfÁZv<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb Ges cÖwkÿ‡Y wb‡R‡`i AwfÁZv¸‡jv‡K wPwýZ Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

L. KvwiKzjvg cÖYq‡bi †ÿ‡Î D‡j−wLZ AwfÁZv¸‡jvi g‡a¨ †Kvb¸‡jv †ewk ¸iyZ¡c~Y©<br />

Zvi AMÖvwaKvi wbY©q Ki‡Z cvi‡eb|<br />

mgq : 60 wgwbU<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01. KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb Ges<br />

cÖwkÿ‡Y Avgv‡`i AwfÁZv<br />

g‡bvgvbwPÎ<br />

eªvDb †ccvi,<br />

wd¬cwkU, gvK©vi<br />

30 wgwbU<br />

02. AMÖvwaKvi wbY©q WU †gwUª· WUm& 20 wgwbU<br />

03. mvi-ms‡ÿcKiY e³…Zv Av‡jvPbv -<br />

10 wgwbU<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

avc: 01: KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb Ges cÖwkÿ‡Y Avgv‡`i AwfÁZv<br />

• ‡ev‡W© eªvDb †ccvi/wd¬cwkU jvMvb|<br />

• ejyb, Avgiv cÖ‡Z¨‡K 5 wgwbU wPš—v K‡i wbR wbR †bvU c¨v‡W wb‡Pi welqwUi Dci Avgv‡`i<br />

fvebv/c‡q›U wjwL|<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb Ges cÖwkÿ‡Y Avgv‡`i AwfÁZv<br />

• Gevi AskMÖnYKvix‡`i cÖ‡Z¨K‡K c‡q›U AvKv‡i AwfÁZv¸‡jv ej‡Z ejyb Ges †mB AwfÁZv¸‡jv<br />

wewfbœ is-Gi gvK©vi w`‡q wjLyb|<br />

• g‡bvgvbwPÎwU n‡e wbæiƒc:<br />

<br />

7


avc: 02: AMÖvwaKvi wbY©q<br />

• g‡bvgvbwPÎ ˆZwi n‡q hvevi ci mevB‡K 7wU WUm Gi GKwU K‡i w÷ªc w`b Ges ejyb †h<br />

c‡q›U¸‡jv‡K KvwiKzjvg cÖYq‡bi †ÿ‡Î ¸iæZ¡c~Y© e‡j g‡b n‡e †m¸‡jv‡Z WUm& jvMvb| G‡ÿ‡Î †h<br />

c‡q›UwU‡K me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© g‡b n‡e †mwU‡Z m‡e©v”P 3wU WUm& jvMv‡Z cvi‡eb|<br />

• mevB‡K WUm& jvMv‡Z DrmvwnZ Ki“b|<br />

avc: 02: mvi-ms‡ÿcKiY<br />

• Gevi ¸iæZ¡c~Y© c‡q›U¸‡jv‡K AskMÖnYKvix‡`i mvg‡b Zz‡j aiæb Ges ejyb GB c‡q›U¸‡jv<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYq‡bi †ÿ‡Î †Kvb bv †Kvbfv‡e cÖfvweZ Ki‡Q|<br />

• mevB‡K ab¨ev` Rvwb‡q †kl Kiyb|<br />

<br />

8


Awa‡ekb-03<br />

wk‡ivbvg :<br />

KvwiKzjvg m¤úwK©Z kã‡Kvl<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. KvwiKzjvg m¤úwK©Z wewfbœ kã‡Kvl m¤ú‡K© e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

mgq : 60 wgwbU<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01. KvwiKzjvg m¤úwK©Z wewfbœ<br />

kã‡Kvl<br />

cvVPμ<br />

Z_¨cÎ<br />

55 wgwbU<br />

02. wkÿY hvPvB cÖkœ-DËi 05 wgwbU<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

avc: 01: KvwiKzjvg m¤úwK©Z wewfbœ kã‡Kvl<br />

• AskMÖnYKvix‡`i‡K ï‡f”Qv Rvwb‡q 3wU `‡j fvM K‡i w`b Ges cÖ‡Z¨K `j‡K GKwU K‡i Z_¨cÎ<br />

w`b| (ms‡hvRbx-3.1)<br />

• Z_¨c‡Î KvwiKzjvg m¤úwK©Z wewfbœ kã‡Kvl †`Iqv Av‡Q| cÖwZwU `j Z_¨c‡Îi welq Abyhvqx<br />

`jxqfv‡e Av‡jvPbv K‡i wb‡Riv welq¸‡jv eyS‡e Ges wbw`©ó mgq ci Ab¨‡`i G‡m eySv‡e|<br />

• `j Abyhvqx Z_¨c‡Îi welqe¯‘¸‡jv n‡jv-<br />

- `j-01: †Kvm© AvDUjvBb, cvV, cvV cwiKíbv, Kg©m~wP, Z_¨cÎ<br />

- `j-02: gwWDj, g¨vbyqvj, wm‡jevm, †hvMv‡hvM, Dc¯’vcbv, mnvqZvKiY<br />

- `j-03: †mkb, †Kvm©, wcÖ-mvwf©m †Kvm©, †ewmK †Kvm©, Bb-mvwf©m †Kvm©, wi‡dªmvi †Kvm©<br />

• `jxq KvR Kievi Rb¨ 20 wgwbU mgq wbwÏ©ó mgq ci cÖwZwU `j‡K Dc¯’vcbvi Rb¨ Avgš¿Y Rvbvb|<br />

• Kv‡iv †Kvb cÖkœ _vK‡j Zvi DËi w`b|<br />

• mevB‡K ab¨ev` Rvwb‡q †kl Kiæb|<br />

ms‡hvRbx-03.01<br />

<br />

9


cÖwk‡Y e¨eüZ kã‡Kvl<br />

`j-01<br />

‡Kvm© AvDUjvBb (Course Outline):<br />

‡Kvm© AvDUjvBb n†”Q †Kv‡m©i GKwU mvwe©K wPÎ †hLv‡b avivevwnKfv‡e †Kv‡m©i wk‡ivbvg, j¨,<br />

D‡Ïk¨, AskMÖYKvixi aiY/msL¨v, mgqKvj, AvjP¨mywP, c×wZ I DcKib †`qv _v‡K, GwU cvV<br />

cwiKíbv ˆZixi c~‡e©B Kiv nq|<br />

cvV (Less<strong>on</strong>)t<br />

‡Kvb †mk‡b cwi‡ewkZ ev Av‡jvwPZ z`ªZg AR©b‡hvM¨ Z‡_¨i GKK n‡jv Less<strong>on</strong><br />

Awa‡ekb (Sessi<strong>on</strong>)t<br />

ci¯úi m¤úwK©Z GKK¸‡jv‡K mw¤§wjZfv‡e Dc¯’vc‡bi Rb¨ wba©vwiZ cÖwμqvKvj‡KB Awa‡ekb<br />

(Sessi<strong>on</strong>) e‡j|<br />

cvV cwiKíbv (Less<strong>on</strong> Plan/Sessi<strong>on</strong> Guide)t<br />

ci¯úi m¤úwK©Z (welq¸‡jv‡K avivevwnKfv‡e wKQy mywbw`©ó cÖwμqv, c×wZ I DcKiY e¨envi K‡i<br />

cÖ‡qv‡Mi Rb¨ mgq wba©viY mn cwiKíbvi wjwLZ iƒc n‡jv cvV cwiKíbv|<br />

Kg©m~wP (Schedule)t<br />

GKwU cÖwkY †Kv‡m©i bvg, Awa‡ek‡bi wk‡ivbvg, mgq m¤^wjZ avivevwnKZvi ZvwjKvB n‡jv Kg©m~wP<br />

(Schedule)| G‡Z cÖwkK ev mnvq‡Ki bvgI _vK‡Z cv‡i|<br />

<br />

10


`j-02<br />

gwWDj (Module)t<br />

GKB welq m¤úwK©Z K‡qKwU Less<strong>on</strong> Plan †K avivevwnKfv‡e mvwR‡q †h WKz‡g›U ˆZix Kiv nq Zv‡K<br />

(Module) e‡j|<br />

g¨vby‡qj (<str<strong>on</strong>g>Manual</str<strong>on</strong>g>)t<br />

gwWDj (Module) ev KvwiKzjv‡gi wfwˇZ hw` †Kvb Avjv`v WKz‡g›U ˆZix nq Zv‡K g¨vby‡qj (<str<strong>on</strong>g>Manual</str<strong>on</strong>g>)<br />

e‡j| g¨vby‡qj `yB ai‡bi n‡Z cv‡it<br />

K. cÖwkK/mnvqK g¨vby‡qj<br />

L. AskMÖnYKvix g¨vby‡qj<br />

K.mnvqK g¨vby‡qj (Trainer <str<strong>on</strong>g>Manual</str<strong>on</strong>g>)t<br />

mnvqK wKfv‡e cÖwkYwU cwiPvjbv Ki‡eb Zvi we¯ÍvwiZ w`K wb‡`©kbv GLv‡b †`Iqv nq Ges cÖwZwU<br />

Awa‡ek‡bi welqe¯‘, D‡Ïk¨, cÖwμqvi eY©bv I DcKi‡Yi bgybv cÖwkK ev mnvqK g¨vb~‡q‡j †`Iqv<br />

_v‡K|<br />

L.AskMÖnYKvix g¨vby‡qj (Trainee <str<strong>on</strong>g>Manual</str<strong>on</strong>g>)t<br />

cÖwk‡Yi wjwLZ n¨vÛAvDU¸‡jv GKwÎZ K‡i ˆZix Kiv nq AskMÖnYKvix g¨vby‡qj|<br />

wm‡jevm (Syllabus)<br />

†Kv‡m© †h mKj welq Av‡jvwPZ n‡e wm‡jevm n‡Q&Q ‡mB AvjP¨mywPi ZvwjKv | wm‡jev‡m<br />

mvavibZ gwWDj welq, Dc-welq I Ab¨vb¨ Z_¨ _v‡K |<br />

‡hvMv‡hvM<br />

†hvMv‡hvM n‡jv A_©mn fve wewbgq cÖwμqv | Dbœq‡bi †‡Î †hvMv‡hvM D‡Ïk¨ I AR©b wbf©i|<br />

†hvMv‡hv‡Mi aib<br />

• Aš—te¨w³K: wb‡Ri mv‡_ wb‡Ri †hvMv‡hvM<br />

• Avš—te¨w³K: GKK I `jMZ: GB †hvMv‡hvM GKR‡bi mv‡_ Ki‡j Zv n‡e GKK †hvMv‡hvM,<br />

Avevi GK`j gvby‡li mv‡_ Ki‡j Zv n‡e `jMZ ev `jxq †hvMv‡hvM|<br />

• MY‡hvMv‡hvM:GKmv‡_ A‡b‡Ki mv‡_ †hvMv‡hvM| †hgb; †iwWI, wUwf, msev`cÎ, B›Uvi‡bU,<br />

wjd‡jU, eyK‡jU, mvBb‡evW©, wej‡evW© BZ¨vw`|<br />

<br />

11


Dc¯’vcbv<br />

†Kvb D‡Ïk¨‡K mvg‡b †i‡L wbw`©ó mg‡q avivevwnKfv‡e †Kvb welqe¯‘‡K Zz‡j aivB n‡jv<br />

Dc¯’vcbv|Dc&nvbviaiY:†gŠwLK,`„k¨gvb,wjwLZ,wgDwRK¨j,AwWIwfRyqvj |<br />

mnvqZvKiY<br />

GK K_vq mnvqZvKi‡YÕi A_© n‡”Q mvnvh¨ Kiv| mnvqZvKiY GKwU Pjgvb cÖwμqv †hLv‡b wb‡R‡`i<br />

wek¦vm,g~j¨‡eva, AwfÁZvi Av‡jv‡K, †Kvb mgm¨vi mgvav‡b †cŠuQ‡Z ev cwiKíbv ˆZwi‡Z ev †Kvb welq<br />

m¤ú‡K© ¯^”QZv mÜv‡b mvnvh¨ Kiv|<br />

`j-03<br />

Awa‡ekb (Sessi<strong>on</strong>)<br />

ci¯úi m¤úwK©Z GKK¸‡jv‡K mw¤§wjZfv‡e Dc¯’vc‡bi Rb¨ wba©vwiZ cÖwμqvKvj‡KB Awa‡ekb e‡j|<br />

‡Kvm© (Course)t<br />

‡Kvb GKwU wbw`©ó D‡Ïk¨‡K mvg‡b †i‡L mKj Awa‡ekb‡K avivevwnKfv‡e Dvc¯’vcbvi Rb¨ mgqe›`x<br />

NUbv‡K †Kvm© e‡j|<br />

†gŠwjK cÖwkY/eywbqvw` cÖwkY<br />

PvKzix‡Z wb‡qv‡Mi Ae¨ewnZ ci Kgx©/ Kg©KZ©v hv‡Z Zvi Dc‡i Awc©Z `vwqZ¡ mwVKfv‡e cvjb Ki‡Z<br />

cv‡ib †mRb¨ mswk−ó cÖwZôvb Gi j¨, Av`k©, D‡Ïk¨, cÖvwZôvwbK ixwZ-bxwZ mswk−ó Kgx©i `vwqZ¡ I<br />

mywbw`©ó KZ©e¨mg~n ms‡hvRb K‡i †h cÖwk‡Yi Av‡qvRb Kiv nq Zv‡KB †gŠwjK ev eywbqvw` cÖwkY e‡j|<br />

PvKzixKvjxb †Kvm©<br />

‡h †Kvb evwn¨K ev Avf¨b &Zixb cªwkY hv Kg x©i Ávb, `Zv I `„wófsMx Dbœ q‡b mnvqK fywgKv cvjb<br />

K‡i<br />

Iwi‡q‡›Ukb †Kvm©<br />

Iwi‡q‡›Ukb †Kvm© n‡”Q cwiwPwZKiY cÖwμqv| †Kvb bZzb welq m¤ú‡K© mswk−ó Kgx©‡K cÖv_wgK aviYv<br />

†`evi cÖwμqvB nj Iwi‡q‡›Ukb †Kvm©| G‡‡Î AskMÖnYKvixi msL¨v wKQy †ewkI n‡Z cv‡i|<br />

wi‡d«mvi †Kvm©<br />

c~‡e© AbywôZ †Kvb cÖwk‡Yi AbymviK ev d‡jv-Avc wn‡m‡e GB †Kv‡m©i Av‡qvRb Kiv nq| GLv‡b<br />

cÖwkY cieZx© mg‡qi AwfÁZvi wfwˇZ c~‡e© Av‡jvwPZ welqmg~‡ni cybiv‡jvPbv Kiv nq|<br />

<br />

12


wk‡ivbvg :<br />

KvwiKzjvg I Gi Dcv`vb<br />

Awa‡ekb-04<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. KvwiKzjvg I Gi cÖYqb cÖwμqv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

L. KvwiKzjvg ˆZwii avcmg~n eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

M. GKwU bgybv KvwiKzjvg we‡kølY Ki‡Z cvi‡eb|<br />

mgq : 120 wgwbU<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01. KvwiKzjvg I Gi cÖYqb<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

02. KvwiKzjvg ˆZwii avcmg~n<br />

eY©bv<br />

03. GKwU bgybv KvwiKzjvg<br />

we‡kølY<br />

S‡ovfvebv, Z_¨vkq,<br />

¯øvBW cÖ`k©b<br />

S‡ovfvebv, †cv÷vi<br />

wjLb<br />

†cøbvix‡Z Av‡jvPbv<br />

wd¬cwkU, gvK©vi<br />

†cv÷vi †ccvi,<br />

gvK©vi<br />

KvwiKzjv‡gi bgybv<br />

Kwc<br />

60 wgwbU<br />

20 wgwbU<br />

35 wgwbU<br />

04. wkÿY hvPvB cÖkœ-DËi - 05 wgwbU<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

avc: 01: KvwiKzjvg I cÖYqb cÖwμqv<br />

• mevB‡K ï‡f”Qv Rvwb‡q ejyb Gi Av‡Mi Awa‡ek‡b Avgiv KvwiKzjvg m¤úwK©Z wewfbœ kã‡Kvl<br />

m¤ú‡K© aviYv †c‡qwQ| GB Awa‡ek‡b Avgiv KvwiKzjvg m¤ú‡K© aviYv †bevi †Póv Ki‡ev|<br />

• cÖ‡Z¨K‡K KvwiKzjvg ej‡Z wK ey‡S Zv †bvU c¨v‡W wjL‡Z ejyb| cieZx©‡Z 3wU `‡j fvM K‡i w`b<br />

Ges Kv‡W© (5/22 wfc KvW©) KvwiKzjvg ej‡Z wK eywS Zv wj‡L Avb‡Z ejyb| GB Kv‡Ri Rb¨ 5/7<br />

wgwbU mgq w`b|<br />

• wbw`©ó mgq cÖwZwU `‡ji Dc¯’vcb ïbyb Ges KvwiKzjvg m¤ú‡K© Av‡jvPbv Kiæb| (ms‡hvRbx-4.1)<br />

• cieZx©‡Z AskMÖnYKvix‡`i 4wU `‡j fvM K‡i w`b|<br />

• cÖwZwU `j‡K wb‡Pi wel‡qi †_‡K cÖvß †h †Kvb GKwU wel‡qi Dci hyw³ ˆZwi Ki‡Z ejyb|<br />

welq: KvwiKzjvg cÖYq‡bi †ÿ‡Î †Kvb cÖwμqvwU †ewk ¸iæZ¡c~Y©?<br />

- we‡kølY<br />

- cwiKíbv<br />

- Dbœqb<br />

- ev¯Íevqb<br />

<br />

13


- g~j¨vqb<br />

• †h `j †h welqwU fv‡e Zv‡`i welqwU †h me‡P‡q ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Zv hyw³ w`‡q Dc¯’vcb Ki‡eb|<br />

• `jxqfv‡e hyw³ ˆZwii Rb¨ 20 wgwbU mgq w`b|<br />

• wbw`©ó mgq ci 5 `‡ji `j‡bZv‡K Avgš¿Y Rvbvb 3 wgwbU wb‡R‡`i `‡ji c‡ hyw³ Dc¯’vc‡bi<br />

Ki‡Z ejyb|<br />

• G‡‡Î cÖwZwU `j Zv‡`i welqwU †h ¸iæZ¡c~Y© Zv hyw³ w`‡q cÖwZwôZ Ki‡eb|<br />

• `j‡bZviv hyw³ Dc¯’vc‡bi mgq Ab¨viv wb‡Ri `‡ji c‡ ev Ab¨ `‡ji wec‡ hyw³ Dc¯’vc‡bi<br />

Rb¨ †bvU wb‡eb|<br />

• 5wU wel‡qi Dci 5 `‡ji `j‡bZv Dc¯’vcbvi ci Ab¨vb¨iv G‡m hyw³ †`evi Rb¨ 1 wgwbU mgq<br />

cv‡eb|<br />

• Gfv‡e K‡qKRb ejevi ci Avevi `j †bZv‡`i Kv‡Q wd‡i hvb Ges cÖ‡Z¨K `j †bZv‡K 1 wgwbU<br />

mvi-ms‡c Kievi my‡hvM w`b|<br />

• G‡‡Î mnvqK AskMÖnYKvixiv hLb `jxq Kv‡R e¨¯— _vK‡eb ZLb nvD‡Ri mvg‡bi As‡k 5 wU<br />

†Pqvi Ges H †Pqvi¸‡jvi mvg‡b Av‡iv 1wU †Pqvi w`‡q mvwR‡q ivL‡eb| GQvov `jxq hyw³ ˆZwi‡ZI<br />

mnvqZv Ki‡eb|<br />

• emvi e¨e¯’vwU n‡e wb‡Pi gZ:<br />

• hyw&³- Z‡K©i ci mevB‡K wbR wbR RvqMvq wM‡q em‡Z ejyb Ges cÖkœ Ki“b, GB hyw³ Z‡K©i g‡a¨<br />

w`‡q Avgiv wK wkLjvg/eySjvg?<br />

• mevi DËi wb‡q mvims‡c K‡i ejyb, GB hyw³ Z‡K©i g‡a¨ w`‡q Avgiv Rvbjvg †h, KvwiKzjvg<br />

cÖYq‡bi †ÿ‡Î cÖwZwU avcB mgvb ¸iæZ¡c~Y©| †Kvb avc‡KB ev` w`‡q GwU m¤úbœ Kiv hv‡e bv| GwU<br />

GKwU Pjgvb cªwμqv |<br />

avc: 02: KvwiKzjvg ˆZwii avcmg~n<br />

• Gevi GKwU KvwiKzjvg av‡c av‡c Kxfv‡e ˆZwi Kiv nq Zv wj‡L wj‡L e¨vL¨v Kiæb| cvkvcvwk GKwU<br />

KvwiKzjv‡g Kx Kx welq _v‡K Av‡jvPbv Ki“b (ms‡hvRbx-4.2)<br />

avc: 03: GKwU bgybv KvwiKzjvg we‡kølY<br />

• K‡qKwU KvwiKzjvg AskMÖnYKvix‡`i mieivn Kiæb Ges GB KvwiKzjv‡g Kx Kx _v‡K Zv †`L‡Z<br />

ejyb| GB welq AskMÖnYKvix‡`i gZvgZ ev cÖkœ wbb Ges Av‡jvPbv Kiæb|<br />

avc: 04: wkÿY hvPvB<br />

• wb‡Pi cÖ‡kœi gva¨‡g cy‡iv Awae‡kbwU wkÿYxq welq¸‡jv hvPvB Kiæb-<br />

- KvwiKzjvg Kx?<br />

- KvwiKzjv‡gi avc¸‡jv Kx Kx?<br />

- GKwU KvwiKzjv‡g Kx Kx welq _v‡K?<br />

• mevB‡K ab¨ev` Rvwb‡q †kl Kiæb<br />

<br />

14


ms‡hvRbx-04.01<br />

KvwiKzjvg Kx?<br />

• KvwiKzjvg n‡”Q GKwU Z_¨m¤^wjZ Dcv`vb<br />

• KvwiKzjvg n‡Q&Q GKwU wjwLZ WKz‡g›U hv AR©‡bi gva¨‡g Kgx©i Ávb, `Zv I `„wófw½i Dbbqb<br />

N‡U<br />

• †Kv‡m©i cÖ‡qvR‡b `yB ev Z‡ZvwaK gwWDj‡K GK‡Î mwbœ‡ewkZ K‡i †h WKz‡g›U ˆZwi Kiv nq ZvB<br />

n‡jv KvwiKzjvg| KvwiKzjv‡g cy‡iv †Kv‡m©i D‡Ïk¨, cÖwμqv, mgqKvj, Kg©m~wP, AskMÖnYKvix‡`i<br />

aib I mshy³ gwWD‡ji ZvwjKv, w¯’wZ Gme welq AšÍf~©&³ _v‡K| A‡bK mgq GKwU welq w`‡qI<br />

KvwiKzjvg n‡Z cv‡i |<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb cÖwμqv<br />

we‡kølY<br />

g~j¨vqb<br />

cwiKíbv<br />

ev¯Íevqb<br />

Dbœqb<br />

<br />

15


†Kvm© cwiKíbv<br />

M‡elYv<br />

aviYvqb<br />

cÖ¯‘wZ<br />

Dbœqb<br />

KvR we‡kølY<br />

msMVb we‡kølY<br />

Pvwn`v wbiƒcY<br />

----------------------------------------------<br />

D‡Ïk¨ wba©viY<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb<br />

Av‡jvP¨ welq wbe©vPb<br />

c×wZ wbe©vPb<br />

DcKiY ˆZwi<br />

cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwi<br />

g~j¨vqb Uzjm ˆZwi<br />

gwWDj GKwÎKiY<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb<br />

Kgx© we‡kølY<br />

cwiKíbv<br />

e¨e¯’vcbv<br />

AskMÖnYKvix‡`i †hvMv‡hvM<br />

wi‡mvm© cvimb<br />

†fŠZ myweav wbwðZKiY<br />

A_© Znwej<br />

Af¨všÍixY/evwnt¯’<br />

cwiKíbv<br />

m‡ZwRKiY<br />

wdWe¨vK wdWe¨vK<br />

Dc¯’vcb<br />

ev¯Íevqb<br />

†Kvm© cwiPvjbv<br />

Kg©m~Px Abyhvqx<br />

Awa‡ekb cwiPvjb<br />

aviYv hvPvB<br />

cÖkvmwbK Kvh©μg<br />

cyb:GKwÎKiY<br />

ch©v‡jvPbv<br />

g~j¨vqb<br />

cÖfve<br />

g~j¨vqb<br />

cvidi‡gÝ g~j¨vqb<br />

d‡jvAvc<br />

<br />

16


ms‡hvRbx-04.02<br />

KvwiKzjv‡gi avc<br />

cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒcY<br />

D‡Ïk¨ wba©viY<br />

Av‡jvP¨m~wP wbe©vPb<br />

c×wZ wbe©vPb<br />

DcKiY ˆZwi<br />

cvV cwiKíbv cÖYqb<br />

cvV cwiKíbv GKwÎKiY<br />

gwWDj GKwÎKiY (hw` GKvwaK gwWDj nq)<br />

cÖ_g Askmn KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb<br />

KvwiKzjv‡gi welqe¯‘<br />

• cÖ”Q`<br />

• gyLeÜ<br />

• K„ZÁZv ¯^xKvi<br />

• f~wgKv<br />

• Av‡jvP¨ m~wP<br />

• jÿ¨ D‡Ïk¨<br />

• AskMÖnYKvixi aib I msL¨v<br />

• mgq mxgv<br />

• KvwiKzjvg e¨env‡ii wb‡`©wkKv-<br />

- †Kvm© Av‡qvRb I e¨e¯’vcbv<br />

- ¯’vb wbe©vP‡bi we‡eP¨ welq<br />

- wewfbœ c×wZ cÖ‡qvM cÖwμqv<br />

- cÖwkÿ‡Ki Rb¨ wUcm&<br />

- D‡¢vabx I mgvcbx ce© cwiPvjbv<br />

• gwWDj/Av‡jvP¨ wel‡qi ZvwjKv<br />

- mgqm~wP<br />

- avivevwnK cvV cwiKíbv Z_¨cÎ mn<br />

• †Kvm© g~j¨vqb<br />

• ms‡ÿwcKiY/†idv‡iÝ<br />

<br />

17


Awa‡ekb-05<br />

wk‡ivbvg :<br />

cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒcY<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v Kx Ges Gi †ÿÎmg~n e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

L. cÖwkY Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi wewfbœ c×wZ I DcKiY m¤ú‡K© ej‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

M. cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi GKwU DcKiY (cÖkœ cÎ) ˆZwi Ki‡Z cvi‡eb|<br />

mgq : 75 wgwbU<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01.<br />

02.<br />

03.<br />

cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v Kx Ges Gi<br />

†ÿÎmg~n<br />

cÖwkY Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi<br />

wewfbœ c×wZ I DcKiY<br />

cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wiƒc‡Yi<br />

Rb¨ cÖkœ ˆZwi (`ÿZv PP©v)<br />

S‡ovfvebv, ¯øvBW<br />

cÖ`k©b I Av‡jvPbv<br />

KvW© wjLb I<br />

¸”QKiY<br />

`jxq KvR Dc¯’vcbv<br />

I wdWe¨vK<br />

gvwëwgwWqv,<br />

cÖ‡R±vi, ¯Œxb<br />

KvW© , †evW©<br />

KvMR, Kjg, Z_¨cÎ<br />

20 wgwbU<br />

20 wgwbU<br />

30 wgwbU<br />

04. wkÿY hvPvB cÖkœDËi 05 wgwbU<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

avc: 01: cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v Kx Ges Gi †ÿÎ mg~n<br />

• mevB‡K ï‡f”Qv Rvwb‡q ejyb, †h †Kvb cÖwkÿY Ki‡Z †M‡j cÖ_‡g cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒcY Ki‡Z nq|<br />

GwU n‡”Q KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb cÖwμqvi cÖ_g avc|<br />

• cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒcY K‡qKwU †ÿ‡Î Ki‡Z nq †hgb-<br />

- ms¯’v/msMVb we‡kølY<br />

- Kgx© we‡kølY<br />

- KvR we‡kølY<br />

- cÿ`j we‡kølY<br />

• Gevi cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒcY Ges Gi Dc‡iv³ †ÿθ‡jv wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Kiæb| (ms‡hvRbx-5.1)<br />

<br />

18


avc: 02: cÖwkY Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi c×wZ I DcKiY<br />

• AskMÖnYKvix‡`i‡K cvkvcvwk emv 3 Rb‡K †Rvo †e‡a w`b Ges 2 is‡qi 2wU KvW© w`b| (†Mvjvcx I<br />

bxj)<br />

• wb‡R‡`i g‡a¨ Av‡jvPbv K‡i 1 is‡qi Kv‡W© cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi †h †Kvb GKwU c×wZ Ges Ab¨<br />

is‡qi KvW©wU‡Z GKwU DcKi‡Yi bvg wjL‡Z ejyb|<br />

• GRb¨ 5 wgwbU mgq w`b|<br />

• wbw`©ó mgq ci KvW©¸‡jv msMÖn Kiæb Ges mwVK K‡i cÖ_‡g c×wZi KvW©¸‡jv †ev‡W© jvMvb cieZx©‡Z<br />

DcKi‡Yi KvW©¸‡jv †ev‡W© jvMvb|<br />

• Gi ci cÖ‡qvR‡b AviI wKQz c‡q›U †hvM Kiæb| (ms‡hvRbx-5.2)<br />

avc: 03: cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi Rb¨ DcKiY ˆZwi<br />

• AskMÖnYKvix‡`i 3wU `‡j fvM K‡i w`b Ges wb‡Pi wel‡qi Dci Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi Rb¨ GKwU cÖkœ<br />

cÎ ˆZwi Ki‡Z ejyb:<br />

- `j-01: ms¯’vi DשZb KZ©„c‡ÿi mv‡_ Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ GKwU cÖkœ cÎ ˆZwi<br />

- `j-02: ms¯’vi Kgx©‡`i mv‡_ Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ GKwU cÖkœ cÎ ˆZwi<br />

- `j-03: ms¯’vi AvIZvaxb †mev MÖnxZv‡`i mv‡_ Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ GKwU cÖkœ cÎ ˆZwi<br />

• `jxq Kv‡Ri Rb¨ 20 wgwbU mgq w`b|<br />

• wbw`©ó mgq ci cÖwZwU `j‡K Dc¯’vcb Ki‡Z ejyb Ges cÖ‡qvRbxq wdWe¨vK w`b|<br />

• cÖ‡qvR‡b wKQz c‡q›U †hvM Kiæb| (ms‡hvRbx-5.3)<br />

avc: 04: wkÿY hvPvB<br />

• wb‡Pi cÖ‡kœi gva¨‡g cy‡iv Awae‡kbwU wkÿYxq welq¸‡jv hvPvB Kiæb-<br />

- cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒcY Kx?<br />

- cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi †ÿθ‡jv Kx Kx?<br />

- cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒcY c×wZ I DcKiY¸‡jv Kx Kx?<br />

• mevB‡K ab¨ev` Rvwb‡q †kl Kiæb|<br />

<br />

19


ms‡hvRbx-5.1<br />

cÖwkÿ‡Yi Pvwn`v wbiƒcY Kx?<br />

msMV‡b Kg©xi f~wgKv,KvR I †hvM¨Zvi Av‡jv‡K Ávb, `Zv I `„wl&Ufw½ Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ wewfbœ DcKib I<br />

c×wZ e¨nv‡ii gva¨‡g cÖwk‡Yi Rb¨ †h Pvwn`v wPwýZ Kiv nh Zv‡K cÖwgY Pvwnv`v wbi“cb e‡j<br />

cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi †ÿÎmg~n:<br />

• mvsMVwbK we‡kølY<br />

• Kgx©i †hvM¨Zv we‡k−lY<br />

• KvR we‡k−lY<br />

• cÿ `j we‡k−lY<br />

mvsMVwbK we‡k−lY:<br />

• mvsMVwbK j¨, D‡Ïk¨, m¤ú`, Kvh©μg we‡k−lY<br />

• msMV‡b Kgx©i msL¨v/aib we‡k−lY<br />

• Kgx©i †hvM¨Zv/`Zv we‡k−lY<br />

• wewfbœ `Zvi m~PK †hgbÑ Drcv`bkxjZv, wej¤^ weZiY BZ¨vw` we‡k−lY<br />

• msMV‡bi cwiw¯’wZ we‡k−lY (RbMY e`jx, P‡j hvIqv, Abycw¯’wZi nvi BZ¨vw`)<br />

Kg©xi †hvM¨Zv we‡k−lY:<br />

• GKRb Kg©x KZUv fv‡jvfv‡e Kvh© m¤úv`b Ki‡Z cvi‡Qb<br />

• PvKzixi †‡Î Kg©x‡`i Kg©gZv evov‡Z Kx Kx `Zv cÖ‡qvRb<br />

• GKRb e¨w³i bZzb †Kvb KvR m¤úv`‡bi †‡Î Kx ai‡b Ávb, `Zv Ges AvPiY/g‡bvfve<br />

AR©b Kiv cÖ‡qvRb<br />

KvR we‡k−lY: †PKwj÷<br />

• KvRwU †Kb wK‡mi Rb¨? mvgwMÖKfv‡e Kg©x Kx cÖZ¨vkv K‡ib ?<br />

• Kg©x Kvi Kv‡Q wi‡cvU© K‡ib?<br />

• Kg©xi g~j KvR Kx Kx ? cÖwZwU KvR †_‡K cÖZ¨vwkZ djvdj Kx ?<br />

• KvRwUi Rb¨ Kx ai‡bi Ávb I `Zvi cÖ‡qvRb ?<br />

• KvRwUi †‡Î Kgx©i K…wZZ¡ KZLvwb ?<br />

• KvRwU Ki‡Z wM‡q Kg©xiv we‡kl †Kvb ai‡bi mgm¨vi m¤§yLxb n‡”Qb wKbv?<br />

cÿ`j we‡k−lY:<br />

• GB c×wZ‡Z ms¯’vi DaŸ©Zb KZ…©cÿ, Kgx© Ges †mevMÖnxZv‡`i wb‡q ms¯’vi KvR I †mev wb‡q<br />

gZwewbg†qi gva¨‡g Pvwn`v Ges mgm¨v wPwýZ Kiv nq<br />

<br />

20


• GB ai‡bi gZwewbgq mfvq A‡bK mgq Dc‡iv³ cÿ`j‡K wb‡q Avjv`vfv‡e e‡m Zv‡`i<br />

gZvgZ †bIqv nq|<br />

ms‡hvRbx-5.2<br />

cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi c×wZmg~n:<br />

• ms¯’vi wewfbœ wi‡cv©U/`wjj Aa¨vqb<br />

• `ÿZv hvPvB<br />

• mvÿvZKvi<br />

• †dvKvm MÖæc wWmKvkb<br />

• Kg©kvjv/Kbmvj‡Ukb<br />

• cvidi‡gÝ AwWU<br />

• Ae‡jvKb<br />

cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi DcKiYmg~n<br />

• †PKwj÷<br />

• cÖkœcÎ<br />

• wewfbœ Kv‡Ri wKQz bgybvcÎ<br />

• Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ MvBWjvBb<br />

• wewfbœ †iKW© wi‡cvU©<br />

<br />

21


ms‡hvRbx-5.3<br />

cÖwkÿY Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi Rb¨ DcKiY (cÖkœcÎ)<br />

e¨e¯’vcK, ZË¡veavqK‡`i Rb¨ cÖkœt<br />

• Avcwb KZw`b a‡i GB cÖwZôv‡b/c‡` i‡q‡Qb ?<br />

• GB cÖwZôv‡b Avcbvi f~wgKv¸‡jv Kx Kx ?<br />

• Avcwb Kv‡`i mycvifvBR K‡ib ?<br />

• Zv‡`i cÖavb KvR¸‡jv Kx ?<br />

• mvwe©Kfv‡e I‡`i †hvM¨Zv/`Zv †Kgb ?<br />

• Kg©x‡`i `ÿZv Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ Kx Kx Kg©m~Px i‡q‡Q ?<br />

• †Kvb †Kvb †Î¸‡jv‡Z Kgx©iv `~e©j e‡j Avcwb g‡b K‡ib?<br />

• GB `ye©jZvi KviY Kx ?<br />

• G `ye©jZv KvUv‡bvi Rb¨ Avcbvi mycvwik Kx ?<br />

• I‡`i Rb¨ Kx ai‡bi cÖwkY cÖ‡qvRb e‡j Acwb g‡b K‡ib ? †Kb ?<br />

• Kg©x‡`i wel‡q Avi †Kvb gZvgZ/mycvwik Av‡Q wK?<br />

Kg©x‡`i Rb¨ cÖkœ t<br />

• KZw`b a‡i GB cÖwZôv‡b/cywjk wefv‡M KvR Ki‡Qb ?<br />

• Kg©x wn‡m‡e Kx Kx KvR Ki‡Z nq ?<br />

• GB KvR¸‡jv Ki‡Z wM‡q Av‡iv wK Ki‡Z nq ?<br />

• †Kvb KvR¸‡jv fv‡jv jv‡M ? †Kb ?<br />

• †Kvb KvR¸‡jv fv‡jv jv‡Mbv ? †Kb ?<br />

• GBKvR¸‡jv Ki‡Z Kx ai‡bi mgm¨v nq ?<br />

• GB KvR¸‡jv Kievi Rb¨ †Kvb cÖwkY †c‡q‡Qb wK ?<br />

• †mB cÖwk‡Y Kx Kx wel‡q Rvbvi my‡hvM n‡q‡Q ?<br />

• Avcbv‡K hw` cÖwk‡Yi my‡hvM †`qv nq, Zv n‡j †Kvb wel‡qi Dci n‡j fv‡jv nq ?<br />

• GB cÖwZôvb †_‡K Avcbvi cÖZ¨vkv Kx ?<br />

‡mevMÖnxZv‡`i Rb¨ cÖkœt<br />

• KLbI _vbvq wM‡q‡Qb wK ? †Kb Ges KZevi ?<br />

• Avcbv‡`i Rb¨ mvaviYZ Kx Kx ai‡bi †mev/Kvh©μg cwiPvjbv Kiv nq ?<br />

• Avcbv‡`i mv‡_ cywjk Kgx©i AvPib/e¨envi †Kgb ?<br />

• Avcwb wK g‡b K‡ib †h Zviv AviI DbœZ †mev w`‡Z cv‡ib ? Kxfv‡e?<br />

• †mev`v‡bi †ÿ‡Î Kg©x‡`i †Kvb †Kvb `ÿZv/†hvM¨Zvi AwaKvix Aek¨B n‡Z n‡e ?<br />

• Avcbv‡`i g‡Z cywjk wefv‡M `~e©jZv¸‡jv Kx Kx ?<br />

• cywjk wefv‡M Kx ai‡bi m¤¢vebv i‡q‡Q ?<br />

• Zv‡`i Dbœq‡bi Rb¨ Kx ai‡bi cÖwkY cÖ‡qvRb ?<br />

• cywjk wefv‡Mi/Kgx©i Kv‡Q Avcbvi cÖZ¨vkv Kx ?<br />

<br />

22


Awa‡ekb-06<br />

wk‡ivbvg :<br />

D‡Ïk¨ wba©viY I Av‡jvP¨m~wP wbe©vPb<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. †Kvm© Ges †mk‡bi D‡Ïk¨ wba©viY Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

L. SMART D‡Ïk¨ Kxfv‡e wjL‡Z nq Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

M. Av‡jvP¨ m~wP wbe©vP‡bi we‡eP¨ welq¸‡jv wPwýZ Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

N. Kg©m~wP Kxfv‡e ˆZwi Ki‡Z nq Zv eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡eb|<br />

mgq : 105 wgwbU<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01.<br />

02.<br />

03.<br />

†Kvm© Ges †mk‡bi D‡Ïk¨<br />

wba©viY<br />

SMART D‡Ïk¨ Kxfv‡e<br />

wjL‡Z nq<br />

Av‡jvP¨ m~wP wbe©vP‡bi<br />

we‡eP¨ welq<br />

04. Kg©m~wP m¤úwK©Z aviYv<br />

¯øvBW cÖ`k©b I<br />

Av‡jvPbv<br />

S‡ovfvebv, ¯øvBW<br />

cÖ`k©b Av‡jvPbv<br />

wd¬cwkU Dc¯’vcbv<br />

bgybv Kwc wb‡q<br />

Av‡jvPbv<br />

gvwëwgwWqv,<br />

cÖ‡R±vi, ¯Œxb<br />

gvwëwgwWqv,<br />

cÖ‡R±vi, ¯Œxb<br />

gvwëwgwWqv,<br />

cÖ‡R±vi, ¯Œxb<br />

Z_¨cÎ<br />

20 wgwbU<br />

15 wgwbU<br />

20 wgwbU<br />

10 wgwbU<br />

05. wkÿY hvPvB - cÖkœcÎ 05 wgwbU<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

avc: 01: †Kvm© Ges †mk‡bi D‡Ïk¨ wba©viY<br />

• mevB‡K ï‡f”Qv Rvwb‡q ejyb, Pvwn`v wbiƒc‡Yi ci †h †Kvm©wU Kiv n‡e †mB †Kvm©wU jÿ¨ I D‡Ïk¨<br />

Kxfv‡e wba©viY Ki‡Z nq Zv Avgiv GLb Av‡jvPbv Ki‡ev|<br />

• Gevi †Kv‡m©i jÿ¨ I D‡Ïk¨ wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Kiæb| (ms‡hvRbx-6.1)<br />

avc: 02: SMART D‡Ïk¨ Kxfv‡e wjL‡ev<br />

• Gevi AskMÖnYKvix‡`i wR‡Ám Kiæb, SMART Kxfv‡e wjL‡Z nq?<br />

• AskMÖnYKvix‡`i‡K wb‡q welqwU Av‡jvPbv Kiæb| (ms‡hvRbx-6.2)<br />

<br />

23


avc: 03: Av‡jvP¨ m~wP wbe©vP‡bi we‡eP¨ welq<br />

• jÿ¨ I D‡Ïk¨ wba©vi‡Yi ci †Kvm©wU‡Z Kx Kx wel‡q ev Av‡jvP¨ m~wP _vK‡e Zv Av‡jvPbv Kiæb|<br />

G‡ÿ‡Î Av‡jvP¨ m~Px wbe©vP‡bi †h wZbwU †ÿÎ Av‡Q †m welqwU wb‡q we¯ÍvwiZ Av‡jvPbv Kiæb|<br />

(ms‡hvRbx-6.3)<br />

avc: 04: Kg©m~wP ˆZwi<br />

• Gevi AskMÖYKvix‡`i‡K wewfbœ †Kv‡m©i wKQz Kg©m~wPi bgybv Kwc w`b|<br />

• bgybv Kwci Av‡jv‡K Kxfv‡e Kg©m~Px ˆZwi Ki‡Z nq Zv Av‡jvPbv Kiæb| (ms‡hvRbx-6.4)<br />

avc: 05: wkÿY hvPvB<br />

• wb‡Pi cÖ‡kœi gva¨‡g cy‡iv Awae‡kbwUi wkÿYxq welq¸‡jv hvPvB Kiæb-<br />

- †Kv‡m©i jÿ¨ I D‡Ïk¨ Kxfv‡e wjL‡Z nq?<br />

- Av‡jvP¨ m~wP wbe©vP‡bi we‡eP¨ welq¸‡jv Kx Kx?<br />

• mevB‡K ab¨ev` Rvwb‡q †kl Kiæb|<br />

<br />

24


ms‡hvRbx-6.1<br />

†Kv‡m©i jÿ¨ D‡Ïk¨ wba©viY<br />

†Kvm©<br />

jÿ¨<br />

D‡Ïk¨<br />

(Ávb, `ÿZv I `„wófw½i<br />

Dci wfwË K‡i)<br />

mywbw`©ó D‡Ïk¨<br />

(Awa‡ekb Abyhvqx)<br />

Awa‡ek‡bi D‡Ïk¨ n‡e S M A R T Gi Av‡jv‡K-<br />

S - mywbw`©ó<br />

M - MYbv‡hvM¨<br />

A - Ávb `ÿZv g‡bvfve<br />

R - ev¯ÍewfwËK<br />

T - mgq‡gqv`x<br />

<br />

25


jÿ¨:<br />

†Kv‡m©i mvwe©K AR©b wee„wZ AvKv‡i eY©bv Kiv ev Zz‡j aiv|<br />

D‡Ïk¨:<br />

AwR©Z Ávb,`ÿZv I `„wófw½ Abyhvqx wkÿ‡Yi djvdj Zz‡j aiv|<br />

mywbw`©ó D‡Ïk¨:<br />

Awa‡ek‡bi cvV Abyhvqx wkÿ‡Yi djvdj‡K AvPiwYK wμqvc‡`i gva¨‡g Zz‡j aiv|<br />

A¯úó wμqvc`<br />

Rvbv<br />

†evSv<br />

g~j¨vqb Kiv<br />

Dcjwä Kiv<br />

m‡PZb nIqv<br />

wek¦vm Kiv<br />

Abyfe Kiv<br />

Kiv<br />

ejv<br />

†jLv<br />

eY©bv Kiv<br />

ZvwjKv<br />

wee„Z Kiv<br />

cwiPvjbv Kiv<br />

AvPiwYK wμqvc`<br />

e¨vL¨v Kiv<br />

cÖwZ‡e`b Kiv<br />

cÖ`k©b Kiv<br />

DËi †`Iqv<br />

†e‡Q †bIqv<br />

msMwVZ Kiv<br />

cwiPvjbv Kiv<br />

AsKb Kiv<br />

cwiKíbv<br />

<br />

26


ms‡hvRbx-6.2<br />

mywbw`©ó (Specific):<br />

mywbwÏ©ó D‡Ïk¨ n‡e Ggb †hb cÖwkY MÖn‡Yi dj¯^iƒc AskMÖnYKvixiv †Kvb ai‡Yi KvR Ki‡Z cvi‡e<br />

Zvi mȳ úó wee„wZ _v‡K| GRb¨ D‡Ïk¨ †jLvi †‡Î Kvh©Ki wμqvc` (Acti<strong>on</strong> Verb) e¨envi Ki‡Z ejv<br />

nq, †hgb-ZvwjKv Ki‡Z cviv, AvuK‡Z cviv, e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z cviv, wjL‡Z cviv, wPwýZ Ki‡Z cviv BZ¨vw`|<br />

MYbv‡hvM¨ (Measurable):<br />

cÖwk‡Yi djvdj Aek¨B MYbv‡hvM¨ n‡Z n‡e| AskMÖnYKvixMY GB cÖwk‡bi dj¯^iƒc Kx Kx Ki‡Z<br />

cvi‡e/cvi‡Q Zvi wfwˇZ GB MYbv Kiv n‡e|<br />

AR©b‡hvM¨ (Attainable): cÖwk‡Yi dj¯^iƒc cÖZ¨vwkZ AvPib Ggb n‡Z n‡e †hb Zv AskMÖnYKvix‡`i<br />

c‡ ev¯Íe‡‡Î AR©b Kiv m¤¢e nq|<br />

ev¯ÍewfwËK (Realistic):<br />

cÖwk‡Y AskMÖnYKvix‡`i †h mKj wel‡q Ávb, `Zv I g‡bvfve e„w× cv‡e Zv ev¯Íem¤§Z n‡Z n‡e|<br />

mgq‡gqv`x (Time-bound):<br />

mywbwÏ©ó D‡Ïk¨ AR©‡b KZ mgq cÖ‡qvRb Zv mȳ úófv‡e wee„Z _vK‡Z n‡e|<br />

<br />

27


ms‡hvRbx-6.3<br />

Av‡jvP¨m~wP wbe©vP‡bi wbqgvejx :<br />

hv †R‡b ivLv<br />

fv‡jv<br />

hv<br />

Rvbv cÖ‡qvRb<br />

hv<br />

Rvb‡ZB n‡e<br />

K. g~j, Ávb I `ÿZv hv `„wófw½ cwieZ©‡bi Rb¨ Aek¨B Rvbv‡Z n‡e|<br />

L. mnvqK Ávb I `ÿZv hv `„wófw½ cwieZ©‡bi Rb¨ †R‡b ivLv cÖ‡qvRb|<br />

M. evowZ Z_¨/evZ©v hv †R‡b ivLv fv‡jv<br />

Av‡jvP¨m~wP wbe©vP‡bi we‡eP¨ welq:<br />

• †Kv‡m©i jÿ¨, D‡Ïk¨<br />

• AskMÖnYKvixi msL¨v I aiY<br />

• AskMÖnYKvixi mvgvwRK Ae¯’v/Ae¯’vb: wkÿvMZ †hvM¨Zv, `ÿZv, AwfÁZv<br />

• Awa‡ek‡bi mgqKvj<br />

• cÖwkÿ‡Ki `ÿZv<br />

<br />

28


ms‡hvRbx-6.4<br />

cvV¨/Kg©m~wP<br />

cvV¨m~wP n‡jv cÖwkÿY Kvh©μ‡gi GKwU cvV¨ZvwjKv hv GKwU μgvbymv‡i mvRv‡bv _v‡K|<br />

Kg©m~wP †Kb cÖ‡qvRb?<br />

• GwU †Kvb cÖwkÿ‡Yi cvVμg m¤^‡Ü mnvqKe„›`, AskMÖnYKvix Ges mswkøó e¨e¯’vcK‡`i aviYv<br />

†`q|<br />

• GwU mnvq‡Ki †mkb cwiPvjbvi Rb¨ mgq gvwdK I avivevwnK GKwU wb‡`©kbv<br />

cvV¨m~wP‡Z hv _v‡K-<br />

- Kx Av‡jvwPZ n‡e?<br />

- KLb Av‡jvwPZ n‡e?<br />

- cÖwZwU Awa‡ek‡bi Rb¨ KZUzKz mgq aiv n‡q‡Q?<br />

- †K Awa‡ekbwU cwiPvjbv Ki‡eb?<br />

<br />

29


gybv Kwc<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb welqK cÖwkÿY<br />

ZvwiL: ............................................................................<br />

¯’vb: .......................................................................................<br />

w`b 09-00 09-30 10-30 10-45 12-00 01-00 01-45 03-00 03-15 04-15<br />

1g w`b<br />

2q w`b<br />

we<br />

we<br />

m<br />

3q w`b<br />

i<br />

i<br />

gv<br />

4_© w`b<br />

wZ<br />

wZ<br />

wß<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb welqK cÖwkÿY<br />

ZvwiL: ............................................................................<br />

¯’vb: .......................................................................................<br />

cÖ_g w`b<br />

mgq Awa‡ekb bs- Awa‡ekb wk‡ivbvg Av‡jvP¨ m~wP<br />

09:00-09:45<br />

09:45-10:30<br />

10:45-11:30<br />

11:30-12:15<br />

12:15-13:00<br />

14:00-14:45<br />

14:45-15:30<br />

15:45-16:30<br />

10:30-10:45 Pv-weiwZ<br />

13:00-14:00 `ycy‡ii Lvevi<br />

15:30-15:45 Pv-weiwZ<br />

<br />

30


KvwiKzjvg cÖYqb welqK cÖwkÿY<br />

ZvwiL: ............................................................................<br />

¯’vb: .......................................................................................<br />

cÖ_g w`b-<br />

09:00 -<br />

09:15 -<br />

10:45 -<br />

11:00 -<br />

11:30 -<br />

12:15 -<br />

01:15 -<br />

02:00 -<br />

02:45 -<br />

03:45 -<br />

04:00 -<br />

04:45 -<br />

wØZxq w`b-<br />

09:00 -<br />

09:15 -<br />

10:45 -<br />

11:00 -<br />

11:30 -<br />

12:15 -<br />

01:15 -<br />

02:00 -<br />

02:45 -<br />

03:45 -<br />

04:00 -<br />

04:45 -<br />

<br />

31


Awa‡ekb-07<br />

wk‡ivbvg :<br />

cÖwkÿY c×wZ I †KŠkj<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. c×wZ I Gi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Ges AskMÖnYg~jK I MZvbyMwZK c×wZi cv_©K¨ e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z<br />

cvi‡eb;<br />

L. c×wZ wbe©vP‡bi we‡eP¨ welq wPwýZ Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

M. wewfbœ c×wZ I Gi cÖ‡qvM‡KŠkj eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡eb|<br />

mgq : 60 wgwbU<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01.<br />

02.<br />

03.<br />

c×wZ I Gi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv<br />

Ges AskMÖnYg~jK I<br />

MZvbyMwZK<br />

c×wZ wbe©vP‡bi we‡eP¨<br />

welq<br />

wewfbœ c×wZ I Gi<br />

cÖ‡qvM‡KŠkj<br />

KvW© cÖ`k©b I<br />

Av‡jvPbv<br />

†cv÷vi Dc¯’vcbv I<br />

Av‡jvPbv<br />

KvW© Dc¯’vcbv I<br />

Av‡jvPbv<br />

KvW©, gvK©vi<br />

†cv÷vi,gvK©vi,<br />

†evW©<br />

KvW©, gvK©vi, †evW©<br />

15 wgwbU<br />

15 wgwbU<br />

25 wgwbU<br />

04. wkÿY hvPvB cÖkœ-DËi - 05 wgwbU<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

avc: 01: c×wZ I Gi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv Ges AskMÖnYg~jK I MZvbyMwZK c×wZ<br />

• mevB‡K ï‡f”Qv Rvwb‡q ejyb, cÖwkÿ‡Y Avgiv Awa‡ekb cwiPvjbvi †ÿ‡Î Avgiv wewfbœ c×wZ<br />

e¨envi K‡i _vwK|<br />

• Avgiv hw` wewfbœ c×wZ e¨envi Ki‡Z PvB Zvn‡j †m c×wZ m¤ú‡K© Avgv‡`i fvjfv‡e Rvb‡Z n‡e|<br />

• GB Awa‡ek‡b Avgiv c×wZ, †Kb GwU cÖ‡qvRb Ges wewfbœ ai‡Yi c×wZi cÖ‡qvM‡KŠkj m¤ú‡K©<br />

Av‡jvPbv Kiæb|<br />

• Gevi AskMÖnYKvix‡`i mnvqZvq c×wZ Kx Ges AskMÖnYg~jK Ges MZvbyMwZK c×wZi cv_¨©K¨ wb‡q<br />

Av‡jvPbv Kiæb| (ms‡hvRbx-7.1)<br />

avc: 02: c×wZ wbe©vP‡bi we‡eP¨ welq<br />

• c×wZ m¤ú‡K© aviYv †`evi ci c×wZ wbe©vP‡bi we‡eP¨ welq¸‡jv m¤ú‡K© Av‡jvPbv Kiæb|<br />

(ms‡hvRbx-7.2)<br />

<br />

32


avc: 03: wewfbœ c×wZ I Gi cÖ‡qvM ‡KŠkj<br />

• Gevi wewfbœ c×wZ Ges Gi cÖ‡qvM‡KŠkj wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Kiæb| cÖwZwU c×wZ Kxfv‡e cwiPvjbv<br />

Ki‡Z nq c×wZwU wbe©vP‡bi mgq Kx welq¸‡jv we‡ePbvq ivL‡Z nq GB welq¸‡jv wb‡q Av‡jvPbv<br />

Kiæb| (ms‡hvRbx-7.3)<br />

avc: 04: wkÿY hvPvB<br />

• wb‡Pi cÖ‡kœi gva¨‡g cy‡iv Awae‡kbwU wkÿYxq welq¸‡jv hvPvB Kiæb-<br />

- c×wZ I †KŠkj Kx?<br />

- AskMÖnYg~jK Ges MZvbyMwZK c×wZi g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ Kx?<br />

- cÖwkÿ‡Y Kx Kx ai‡Yi c×wZ e¨envi Kiv nq?<br />

• mevB‡K ab¨ev` Rvwb‡q †kl Kiæb|<br />

<br />

33


ms‡hvRbx-7.1<br />

cÖwkÿY c×wZ<br />

cÖwkY D‡Ïk¨ AR©b I welqe¯‘‡K mnR I MÖnY‡hvM¨fv‡e Dc¯’vc‡bi Rb¨ †h mg¯Í c_ ev Dcvq Aej¤^b<br />

Kiv nq Zv‡K cÖwkY c×wZ e‡j|<br />

cÖwkÿY †KŠkj<br />

cÖwkY c×wZi Kvh©Ki cÖ‡qv‡Mi Rb¨ wKQy wKQy we‡kl w`K AbymiY Kiv nq †h¸‡jv‡K cÖwkY †KŠkj ejv<br />

nq|<br />

cÖwkY c×wZ †Kb cÖ‡qvRb:<br />

• AskMÖnYKvixM‡`i Áv‡bi cwiwai Dci wfwË K‡i wkY wbwðZ Kivi Rb¨|<br />

• cÖwkY‡K AskMÖnYg~jK K‡i †Zvjvi Rb¨|<br />

• AskMÖnYKvix‡`i wbKU welqmg~n AviI AvKl©Yxq K‡i †Zvjvi Rb¨|<br />

• GKB †KŠk‡ji cybive„wË Gov‡bv I AskMÖnYKvix‡`i GK‡N‡qwg `~i Kivi Rb¨|<br />

• AskMÖnYKvix‡`i Awa‡ek‡bi AšÍ©f~³ welqmg~n wkÿY cÖwμqvi †ÿ‡Î mnvqZvi Rb¨|<br />

AskMÖnYg~jK Ges MZvbyMwZK c×wZmg~n:<br />

AskMÖnYg~jK c×wZ<br />

MZvbyMwZK c×wZ<br />

• AÑwb‡`©kK c×wZ • wb‡`©kK c×wZ<br />

• AskMÖnYKvixMY g~j f~wgKv cvjb K‡i • cÖwkK g~j f~wgKv cvjb K‡i<br />

• wØgyLx cÖwμqv • GKgyLx cÖwμqv<br />

• Kivi gva¨‡g †kLv • †kvbvi gva¨‡g †kLv<br />

• wk‡Yi cwi‡ek m„wói Rb¨ cÖwkK • cÖwkK Z_¨ mieivn K‡ib<br />

mnvq‡Ki f~wgKv cvjb K‡ib<br />

• mw¤§wjZfv‡e Ávb AvniY Kiv nq • Ávb n‡”Q weZiY‡hvM¨ - GB aviYv †cvlY<br />

Kiv nq<br />

<br />

34


ms‡hvRbx-7.2<br />

c×wZ wbe©vP‡bi we‡eP¨ welqg~n:<br />

• cÖwk‡Yi/Awa‡ek‡bi welqe¯‘<br />

• cÖwk‡Yi cÖK…wZ I D‡Ïk¨<br />

• cÖwkYv_©x‡`i msL¨v/aib<br />

• emvi e¨e¯’v<br />

• †fbÿ<br />

• Awa‡ek‡bi mgqKvj<br />

• cÖwk‡Ki `Zv<br />

ms‡hvRbx-7.3<br />

wewfbœ c×wZ<br />

• S‡ovfvebv<br />

• evR`j<br />

• nvg `j<br />

• †QvU `‡j Av‡jvPbv<br />

• KvW© msMÖn I ¸”QKiY<br />

• cÖkœ-DËi<br />

• e³…Zv<br />

• †W‡gv‡bk‡÷ªkb<br />

• f’wgKv Awfbq<br />

• cvVPμ<br />

• g‡bvgvbwPÎ I AMÖvwaKvi wbY©q<br />

• g~j¨‡eva hvPvB<br />

• Z_¨vkq<br />

• Z_¨evRvi<br />

<br />

35


• gvV cwi`k©b<br />

Z_¨cÎ<br />

wewfbœ c×wZi cÖ‡qvM cÖwμqv<br />

• S‡ov fvebv (Brain Storming)<br />

AskMÖnYg~jK cÖwk‡Yi g‡a¨ S‡ovfvebv c×wZwU AZšÍ¨ Dc‡hvMx Ges Kvh©Kix| GB c×wZ‡Z<br />

AskMÖnYKvix‡K e¨vw³MZ ev `jxqfv‡e 2Ñ5 wgwb‡Ui g‡a¨ †Kvb wel‡qi Dci aviYv hvPvB Kiv<br />

nq| mnvqK Zv‡`i gZvgZ¸‡jv B‡”Q Ki‡j wd¬cwk‡U wjL‡Z cv‡ib Ges Av‡iv wKQy ms‡hvRb ev<br />

we‡qvRb Ki‡Z cvi‡eb|<br />

• KvW© msMÖn I ¸”QKiY (Card Collecti<strong>on</strong> & clustering)<br />

GB c×wZ‡Z AskMÖnYKvix‡`i †Kvb welq m¤ú‡K© Kv‡W© wjL‡Z ejv nq| AskMÖnYKvix‡`i †jLv<br />

KvW©¸‡jv msMÖn K‡i †ev‡W© Dc¯’vcb Kiv nq| GB c×wZ‡Z wewfbœ wel‡qi Dci KvW© wjL‡Z w`‡j<br />

KvW© msMÖn Kivi ci welq Abyhvqx KvW© avivevwnKfv‡e jvMv‡bv nq Ges cÖwZwU wel‡qi 1 wU K‡i<br />

wk‡ivbvg †`Iqv hvq| Z‡e g‡b ivL‡Z n‡e †h, KvW©¸‡jv msMÖn Kivi mgq †jLv KvW©wU wb‡Pi<br />

w`‡K ivL‡Z n‡e †hb mnvqK I AskMÖnYKvixiv Av‡MB †jLv ‡`L‡Z bv cv‡i| Ges me¸‡jv KvW©<br />

msMÖn K‡i wgwk‡q wb‡Z n‡e|<br />

• †QvU `‡j Av‡jvPbv (Small Group Discussi<strong>on</strong> )<br />

AskMÖnYKvixiv †QvU †QvU `‡j fvM n‡q hLb †Kvb welq wb‡q Av‡jvPbv K‡i ZLb Zv‡K `jxq<br />

Av‡jvPbv e‡j| cÖwkY `‡j mvaviYZ 4-5 Rb _v‡K| `‡ji wewfbœ& bvg Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i| ‡hgbdzj,<br />

dj, cvwL A_ev b`xi bvg w`‡q| cÖ_‡g `j MVb K‡i welq wfwËK Av‡jvPbv Ki‡Z ej‡Z<br />

n‡e| mgq wba©viY K‡i w`‡Z n‡e| `‡ji mKj AskMÖnYKvix cÖvß wel‡qi Dci Av‡jvPbv K‡i<br />

c‡q›U AvKv‡i Z_¨ wd¬c wk‡U wjL‡eb| cÖ‡qvR‡b GKRb `j‡bZv wbe©vPb Ki‡eb| j¨ ivL‡Z<br />

n‡e †h, `j‡bZv ev †Kvb AskMÖnYKvix †hb GK”QÎ cÖfve we¯Ívi bv K‡ib| `jxq KvR †k‡l Zv<br />

†ev‡W© Dc¯’vcb Ki‡Z n‡e|<br />

• f~wgKv Awfbq we‡k−lb (Role Play Analysis)<br />

‡Kvb NUbv Awfbq Kivi ci we‡k−l‡bi gva¨‡g wkv MÖnY Kivi †h c×wZ Zv‡K f~wgKv Awfbq<br />

e‡j| GB c×wZ‡Z AskMÖnYKvix‡K †Kvb NUbvi Dci wfwË K‡i Awfbq Ki‡Z ejv nq|<br />

welqe¯‘i mv‡_ m¤úK© †i‡L cÖ‡qvRbxq DcKi‡Yi cÖ‡qvM, cvÎ-cvÎx wbe©vPb, ¯’vb wbe©vPb Ges<br />

cÖ‡qvR‡b †mU ˆZix mn wewfbœ my‡hvM myweav ˆZix K‡i wb‡Z n‡e| mnvqK AskMÖnYKvix‡K PwiÎ<br />

m¤ú‡K© c~e© aviYv cÖ`vb Ki‡eb Ges mgq †e‡a w`‡eb| Awfbq †k‡l wK wK jYxq welq wQj Zv<br />

Av‡jvPbv Kiv I we‡k−lb Kiv hvq| †hgb- wkbxq welq wK wQj, PwiÎ wVK wQj wKbv, cvÎ-cvÎx<br />

wbev©Pb mwVK wQj wKbv, Avgiv GB NUbvi mv‡_ cwiwPZ wKbv| Avgv‡`i mgv‡R wK GB ai‡bi<br />

<br />

36


NUbv N‡U? GB cwiw¯’wZ †_‡K Avgiv wK K‡i †ewi‡q Avm‡Z cvwi G ai‡Yi wKQy Av‡jvPbvi<br />

gva¨‡g †mk‡bi welqe¯‘ Zz‡j aiv nq|<br />

• cÖ‡kœvËi (Questi<strong>on</strong>-Answer)<br />

cÖ‡kœvËi c×wZ‡Z wkY wel‡qi Dci AskMÖnYKvix‡`i wbqš¿b _v‡K| wKš‘ wKfv‡e c×wZwU Pj‡e<br />

Zv wbqš¿b _v‡K mnvq‡Ki Dci| GB c×wZ‡Z mnvqK AskMÖnYKvix‡`i cÖkœ Ki‡Z cv‡ib A_ev<br />

GKRb AskMÖnYKvix Avi GKRb‡K mivmwi cÖkœ Ki‡Z cv‡ib A‡bK mgq GK`j Ab¨`j‡K cÖkœ<br />

Ki‡Z cv‡i| Gfv‡eB cÖ‡kvœËi c×wZwU Pj‡Z _vK‡e| Z‡e †Lqvj ivL‡Z n‡e, cÖkœ¸‡jv n‡e<br />

MVbg~jK wel‡qi mv‡_ m¤úK©hy³ Ges wkbxq| wiwfD ‡mk‡b GB c×wZ e¨envi Kiv †h‡Z<br />

cv‡i|<br />

• NUbv we‡k−‡lY (Case Study)<br />

‡Kvb welq ev NUbv we‡k−l‡Yi gva¨‡g Zv Dc¯’vcb Kiv‡K NUbv we‡k−lY e‡j| NUbv ev¯ÍweK<br />

Ges KvíwbK DfqB n‡Z cv‡i| AskMÖnYKvix‡`i `‡j wef³ K‡i cÖwZwU `j‡K GKwU NUbv †`qv<br />

nq| `‡ji AskMÖnYKixiv NUbv Av‡jvPbv K‡i mgvav‡bi c_ †ei K‡ib|<br />

• e³…Zv Av‡jvPbv (Lecture)<br />

†Kvb GKwU welq m¤ú‡K© AskMÖnYKvix‡`i mvg‡b avivevwnKfv‡e Av‡jvPbv n‡”Q e³…Zv| e³…Zvi<br />

†ÿ‡Î GKgyLx Av‡jvPbv‡K cÖvavb¨ †`Iqv nq Ges G‡ÿ‡Î AskMÖnYKvix‡`i †Kvb f’wgKv _v‡K<br />

bv| e³…Zv †h †Kvb msL¨K AskMÖnYKvix‡`i mvg‡b n‡Z cv‡i|<br />

• evR`j (Buzz Group)<br />

cvkvcvwk emvi wZbR‡bi `j‡K evR`j e‡j| GB `j‡K †Kvb welqm¤ú‡K© Av‡jvPbv Ki‡Z †`qv<br />

nq Ges cÖ‡qvR‡b KvW© wjL‡Z †`qv nq Ges cÖwkÿK Zvi Dci wfwË K‡i Av‡jvPbv K‡ib|<br />

cÖ‡qvR‡b Zv‡`i c‡q›U¸‡jv †ev‡W© wj‡Lb|<br />

• nvg `j (Hum group)<br />

cvkvcvwk emv `yRb‡K hLb †Kvb wel‡qi Dc‡i KvR Ki‡Z †`qv nq ZLb †m `j‡K nvg `j<br />

ejv nq|<br />

• cvVPμ (Study Circle)<br />

AskMÖnYKvixiv `je×fv‡e †h cvV Av‡jvPbv ev gZvgZ cÖ`vb K‡ib †mB c×wZ‡K cvVPμ ejv<br />

nh| GKwU `‡j 4-6 Rb AskMÖnY Ki‡Z cv‡i| GB c×wZ‡Z AskMÖnYKvixiv PμKv‡i em‡eb|<br />

mnvqK AskMÖnYKvix‡`i †Kvb GKwU wel‡qi Dci cvV w`‡eb| Gi mgq _vK‡e 15-20 wgwbU|<br />

cvV †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixMY GK GK K‡i ev `‡ji †h †Kvb GKRb Zv‡`i welqe¯‘ Dc¯’vcb<br />

Ki‡eb| GB Dc¯’vc‡bi gva¨‡g wkYxq welq¸‡jv wPwýZ Kiv hvq|<br />

<br />

37


• Z_¨ evRvi (Informati<strong>on</strong> Market)<br />

GwU AskMÖnYg~jK cÖwk‡Yi GKwU c×wZ| GB c×wZ‡Z GK ev AwaK welq m¤úwK©Z Z_¨ ev<br />

Qwe †`qv‡j ev †ev‡W© Szjv‡bv _v‡K Ges mKj AskMÖnYKvixiv Ny‡i Ny‡i †`Lvi my‡hvM cvq| wjwLZ<br />

DcKiY¸‡jv Ggbfv‡e jvMv‡Z n‡e hv‡Z mevB mgvb fv‡e †`L‡Z cvq| wjwLZ †cv÷vi ev<br />

wd¬cwk‡Ui AvKvi eo n‡e Ges wewfbœ i‡Oi Kjg e¨envi Ki‡j AvKl©Yxq n‡e| KwU eo n‡Z<br />

n‡e , hv‡Z AskMÖnYKvixiv Ny‡i welq¸‡jv †`L‡Z cv‡i| GB c×wZ‡Z AskMÖnYKvix‡`i bZzb<br />

bZzb Z_¨, welq m¤ú‡K© aviYv AR©b I AwfÁZv wewbgq Kivi my‡hvM m„wó nq| AskMÖnYKix‡`i<br />

welq m¤ú‡K© †Kvb cÖkœ _vK‡j mnvqK‡K DËi w`‡Z n‡e|<br />

• wmgy‡jkb †Mg:<br />

GwU n‡”Q cÖwkY‡K Kvh©Kix I AvKl©Yxq Kivi GKwU †KŠkj| Gi myweav nj GB †h, GwU<br />

wkv_©x‡`i Drmvn evovq Ges GK‡Nu‡qgx `~i K‡i, ev¯Íe cwiw¯’wZi AwfÁZv cª`vb Kiv hvq, cÖvß<br />

AwfÁZv `xN©¯’vqx nq| Gi gva¨‡g wkv_©x‡`i Ask MÖnY AwaKZi wbwðZ Ki‡Z nq| Z‡e<br />

Amyweav GB ‡h, G‡Z A‡bK Kg mgq jv‡M| Dc‡hvMx Ges m½wZc~Y© ‡Ljvi Afve nq| A‡bK<br />

wkv_x© †KejgvÎ G‡K we‡bv`b wn‡m‡e †`‡L| †Ljv wbe©vPb mwVK bv n‡j D‡Ïk¨ e¨nZ n‡Z<br />

cv‡i| †Ljvi ci cÖ‡kœi gva¨‡g cÖwkbv_©x‡`i cÖwZwμqv I gšÍe¨ †R‡b wb‡Z nq|<br />

<br />

38


Awa‡ekb-08<br />

wk‡ivbvg :<br />

DcKiY ˆZwi I e¨envi<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. DcKiY Kx Ges wkÿY DcKiY I mnvqK DcKi‡Yi g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ ej‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

L. wewfbœ ai‡Yi DcKiY e¨env‡ii wbqgvejx eY©bv Ki‡Z cvi‡eb:<br />

mgq : 60 wgwbU<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01.<br />

02.<br />

DcKiY Kx Ges wkÿY<br />

DcKiY I mnvqK DcKiY<br />

wewfbœ ai‡Yi DcKiY<br />

e¨env‡ii wbqgvejx<br />

¯øvBW cÖ`k©b gvwëwgwWqv ¯Œxb 25 wgwbU<br />

Z_¨evRvi<br />

wd¬cwkU, gvK©vi,<br />

†evW©<br />

30 wgwbU<br />

03. wkÿY hvPvB cÖkœ-DËi - 05 wgwbU<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

avc: 01: DcKiY Kx Ges wkÿY DcKiY I mnvqK DcKiY<br />

• mevB‡K ï‡f”Qv Rvwb‡q ejyb, DcKiY n‡jv Z_¨ ev evZ©v †cŠQv‡bvi GKwU gva¨g|<br />

• Awa‡ek‡bi Av‡jvPbv `„k¨gvb Kivi †ÿ‡Î DcKiY mnvqK f~wgKv cvjb K‡i|<br />

• GB Awa‡ek‡b Avgiv DcKiY wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Ki‡ev|<br />

• Gevi DcKiY Kx, DcKi‡Yi aiY wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Ki‡ev| (ms‡hvRbx-8.1)<br />

avc: 02: wewfbœ ai‡Yi DcKiY e¨env‡ii wbqgvejx<br />

• Gevi wewfbœ ai‡Yi DcKiY Kxfv‡e ˆZwi e¨envi Ki‡Z nq †m¸‡jv m¤úwK©Z wjwLZ wd¬cwkU<br />

†`qv‡ji GKcv‡k jvwM‡q w`b (ms‡hvRbx-8.2) Ges AskMÖnYKvix‡`i Ny‡i Ny‡i †`L‡Z ejyb|<br />

• G‡ÿ‡Î ejyb, Avgiv wewfbœ ai‡Yi DcKiY¸‡jv Ny‡i Ny‡i †`L‡ev Ges hw` †Kvb wKQz Rvbvi ev<br />

‡evSvi _v‡K Zv †bvU wb‡q Avm‡ev|<br />

• AskMÖnYKvix‡`i †`Lvi Rb¨ 15 wgwbU mgq w`b| wbw`©ó mgq ci mevB‡K †cøbvix‡Z ewm‡q Kv‡iv<br />

†Kvb cÖkœ ev Rvbvi _vK‡j Av‡jvPbv Kiæb|<br />

<br />

39


avc: 03: wkÿY hvPvB<br />

• wb‡Pi cÖ‡kœi gva¨‡g cy‡iv Awae‡kbwU wkÿYxq welq¸‡jv hvPvB Kiæb-<br />

- DcKiY Kx?<br />

- wkÿY I mnvqK DcKi‡Yi g‡a¨ cv_©K¨ Kx?<br />

- DcKiY e¨env‡ii we‡eP¨ welq?<br />

- wewfbœ DcKi‡Yi e¨env‡ii wbqgvejx?<br />

• mevB‡K ab¨ev` Rvwb‡q †kl Kiæb|<br />

<br />

40


ms‡hvRbx-8.1<br />

DcKiY<br />

GKwU Av‡jvPbv, cÖwkY ev Kg©kvjv myôfv‡e cwiPvjbvi Rb¨ †h mKj e¯‘-mvgMÖx cÖ‡qvRb nq Zvi<br />

mewKQyB DcKiY|<br />

cÖwkY DcKiY‡K 2 fv‡M fvM Kiv hvq:<br />

1. wkY DcKiY Ñ hvi mvnv‡h¨ AskMÖnYKvix‡`i wkY mnR I Zivwš^Z nq †hgbt ˆZwi<br />

†cv÷vi, n¨vÛ-AvDU, wd¬cPvU©, BZ¨vw`<br />

2. mnvqK DcKiY - wkY cÖwμqvi mnvqK mvgMÖx I hš¿cvwZ‡K mnvqK DcKiY e‡j †hgb:<br />

†evW©, gvK©vi<br />

cÖwkÿY DcKiY<br />

cÖwkÿY Uzjm<br />

• PK‡evW©<br />

• wd¬cwkU<br />

• †cv÷vi<br />

• Wv÷vi<br />

• IGBPwc<br />

• ¯øvBW cÖ‡R±i<br />

• †iwWI<br />

• wUwf<br />

• AwWI †cøqvi<br />

• Kw¤úDUvi<br />

• wmwW<br />

• wfc †evW©<br />

• gvwëwgwWqv<br />

• eªvDb †ccvi<br />

wkÿY DcKiY<br />

• MvBW<br />

• †cv÷vi<br />

• cvV cwiKíbv<br />

• ¯øvBW<br />

• Qwe<br />

• cÖwZK…wZ<br />

• AwWI/wfwWI K¨v‡mU<br />

• MÖvd<br />

• wPý<br />

• NUbv cÎ<br />

• wjwLZ †cv÷vi<br />

• wd¬cPvU©<br />

• wjwLZ KvW©<br />

<br />

41


DcKiY wbe©vP‡bi we‡eP¨ welq t<br />

• welqe¯‘i mv‡_ msMwZc~Y©<br />

• mnR mij Ges mwVK<br />

• mwVK AvKvi, AvqZb, is<br />

• AvKl©Yxq I Avb›``vqK<br />

• mn‡R enb‡hvM¨<br />

• AskMÖnYKvix‡`i gv‡bi mv‡_ msMwZc~Y©<br />

• mgq Dc‡hvMx<br />

• mnRjf¨<br />

• ¯^íe¨qx<br />

• ‡evaMg¨<br />

• cwiKwíZ<br />

ms‡hvRbx-8.2<br />

EfLlZ…−m¡ hÉhq¡−ll pju ®k ¢hou…−m¡ ¢h−hQe¡u l¡M¡ clL¡l<br />

®q¡ u¡CV ®h¡XÑ:<br />

• ®mM¡l f§−hÑ ®c−M ¢e−a q−h Lmj¢V AÙÛ¡ u£ fÐLª¢al ¢Le¡ z LMeJ ÙÛ¡ u£ L¡¢m hÉhq¡l Ll¡ ¢WL eu<br />

• ph pju ®mM¡l flflC Lm−jl j¤M hå L−l l¡M−a q−h<br />

• LM−e¡ i¤−m ÙÛ¡ u£ L¡¢m hÉhq¡l q−m a¡l¢fe h¡ ®L−l¡¢pe ¢c−u j¤R−a q−h<br />

• j¡−T j¡−T a¡l¢fe/¢lj¤i¡l ¢c−u ®h¡XÑ f¢l×L¡l Ll−a q−h<br />

• ®mM¡l pju Lm−jl j¡b¡ ¢e−Ql ¢c−L L−l l¡M−m L¡¢m plhl¡−q Ap¤¢hd¡ qu e¡<br />

• pñh q−m AhÉhq©a pj−u L¡f−sl fcÑ¡ ¢c−u ®h¡XÑ ®Y−L l¡M¡ i¡m<br />

gvwëwgwWqv<br />

• e¨env‡ii c~‡e© gvwëwgwWqv cÖ‡R±‡ii mewKQy cixv K‡i wb‡Z n‡e ( we`ÿ r ms‡hvM, emv‡bvi ¯’vb,<br />

c`©v, e¨env‡ii c×wZ/†KŠkj)<br />

• Dc¯’vcbvi c~‡e© ¯−vBW ‰Zwi K‡i wb‡Z n‡e<br />

• ¯−vBW ‰Zwii mgq †nW jvBb Ges Zvi c‡q›U¸‡jv †jLvi †‡Î wfbœ is I mvBR n‡j fvj nq<br />

<br />

42


• gvwëwgwWqv cÖ‡R±i †ewkY Pvwj‡q ivLv wVK bq| G‡Z evj&e bó n‡q †h‡Z cv‡i| GQvov evj&e<br />

PjvKvjxb mgq Gi mvg‡b †Kvb XvKbv ev KvMR †`qv DwPZ bq<br />

• cÖ`wk©Z welq/c‡q›U wb‡q Av‡jvPbvi mgq ¯‹x‡bi mvg‡b `vuov‡bv wVK bq|<br />

• gvwëwgwWqv cÖ‡R±i e¨env‡ii mgq cÖwkYv_©x‡`i w`‡K gyL K‡i Av‡jvPbv Ki“b<br />

wjwLZ †cv÷vi<br />

• GKwU †cv÷vi-G 7-10 jvB‡bi †ewk †jLv hv‡e bv<br />

• A‡ii mvBR n‡e 1" ®b−L 1 1 / 2 " Gi g‡a¨<br />

• †jLvi g‡a¨ mgš^q _vK‡Z n‡e<br />

• †cv÷vi †jLvi mgq cÖ_g Ai‡K AbymiY Ki‡Z n‡e hv‡Z jvBb evuKv bv nq<br />

• GKwU †cv÷vi‡K G‡Kev‡i m¤ú~Y© bv †`wL‡q GKwU K‡i jvBb †`Lv‡Z n‡e<br />

• evbv‡bi †‡Î mZK© _vK‡Z n‡e<br />

QL−h¡XÑ:<br />

• ®h¡XÑ¢V−L Hje S¡uN¡ u l¡M−a q−h k¡−a pLm ¢nr¡bÑ£ ®h¡−XÑl ®mM¡ pq−S fs−a f¡−l<br />

• ®h¡−XÑl AhÙÛ¡e f¢lhaÑe L−l h¡ A¡−m¡ ¢eu¿»Z L−l A¡−m¡l fТagme ®l¡d Ll−a q−h k¡−a<br />

®h¡−XÑl ®mM¡ fs−a Ap¤¢hd¡ e¡ qu<br />

• ph−Q−u c§−ll fТnrZ¡bÑ£ fs−a f¡−l Hje hs J Øfø L−l ¢mM−a q−h<br />

• phpju q¡a fÐp¡¢la L−l −mM¡ E¢Qa k¡−a fТnrZ¡bÑ£−cl ®cM−a Ap¤¢hd¡ e¡ qu<br />

• QL−h¡XÑ ®j¡R¡l pju X¡ØV¡l H−m¡f¡a¡¢s e¡ O¤¢l−u fÐb−j X¡ØV¡l Efl ®b−L A¡−Ù¹ A¡−Ù¹ ¢e−Ql<br />

¢c−L ®V−e X¡ØV p¢l−u ®g−m f−l d£−l d£−l j¤R−m X¡ØV Lj Es−h<br />

• ®h¡−XÑ ®mM¡l pju j¤−MJ hm−a q−hz a¡−a fТnrZ¡bÑ£−cl ®cM¡l J ®n¡e¡l L¡S HLp¡−b q−h<br />

• Q−Ll j¡b¡ HLV¤ ®i−‰ ¢e−u L¡a L−l ¢mM−m ®mM¡l pju në q−h e¡<br />

• ®h¡−XÑ ®mM¡l fl I ¢ho−ul Jfl A¡−m¡Qe¡ Ll−a Q¡C−m, pLm fТnrZ¡bÑ£l ®mM¡ ®no qJu¡l<br />

f−l a¡ Ll−a q−h<br />

• ¢h¢iæ l−Pl QL hÉhq¡l L−l ®mM¡−L A¡LoÑZ£u Ll¡ k¡ u<br />

• ph pju LÓ¡n ®n−o ®h¡XÑ j¤−R l¡M¡ E¢Qa<br />

<br />

43


wfc KvW©<br />

1. GKwU †Kv‡m© wewfbœ is‡qi KvW© e¨envi Kiv †h‡Z cv‡i<br />

2. KvW© e¨env‡ii †ÿ‡Î cÖwZwU †mk‡b avivevwnKZv iÿv Kiv cÖ‡qvRb;<br />

3. wewfbœ mvB‡Ri KvW© e¨env‡ii †ÿ‡Î †hme welq¸‡jv g‡b ivLv cÖ‡qvRb Zv wb‡gœ †`qv n‡jv:<br />

5 . 5" x 22" • Statement<br />

• Questi<strong>on</strong><br />

4 . 5" x 10" • Title<br />

• Instructi<strong>on</strong><br />

4" x 8" • Instructi<strong>on</strong><br />

• Point<br />

4 . 25" • Title<br />

• Cluster<br />

7 . 5"<br />

• Point<br />

• Design<br />

5 . 5"<br />

• Title<br />

• Design<br />

3 . 75"<br />

• Numbering<br />

• Durati<strong>on</strong><br />

• Prioritizati<strong>on</strong><br />

<br />

44


Awa‡ekb-09<br />

wk‡ivbvg :<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. cvV cwiKíbv Kx GwU †Kb cÖ‡qvRb Ges GwU Kxfv‡e ˆZwi Ki‡Z nq Zv e¨vL¨v Ki‡Z<br />

cvi‡eb;<br />

L. wewfbœ ai‡Yi cvV cwiKíbv wPwýZ Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

M. cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwi Ki‡Z cvi‡eb|<br />

mgq : 90 wgwbU<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01.<br />

cvV cwiKíbv Kx GwU †Kb<br />

cÖ‡qvRb Ges GwU Kxfv‡e<br />

ˆZwi Kiv nq<br />

02. wewfbœ ai‡Yi cvV cwiKíbv<br />

03.<br />

cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwi (`ÿZv<br />

PP©v)<br />

S‡ovfvebv, ¯øvBW<br />

cÖ`k©b<br />

¯øvBW cÖ`k©b I<br />

Av‡jvPbv<br />

`jxq KvR I<br />

Dc¯’vcbv<br />

gvwëwgwWqv, ¯Œxb<br />

gvwëwgwWqv, ¯Œxb<br />

KvMR, Kjg<br />

15 wgwbU<br />

25 wgwbU<br />

45 wgwbU<br />

04. wkÿY hvPvB cÖkœ-DËi - 05 wgwbU<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

avc: 01: cvV cwiKíbv Kx GwU †Kb cÖ‡qvRb Ges GwU Kxfv‡e ˆZwi Kiv nq<br />

• mevB‡K ï‡f”Qv Rvwb‡q ejyb, Gi Av‡Mi GKwU Awa‡ek‡b Avgiv cvV cwiKíbv Kx †m m¤ú‡K© aviYv<br />

†c‡qwQ| Avgiv Kx GKUz ¯§ib Kievi †Póv Ki‡ev †h cvV cwiKíbv Kx|<br />

• AskMÖnYKvix‡`i DËi wb‡q cvV cwiKíbv Ges GwU ˆZwii cÖwμqv Av‡jvPbv Kiæb| (ms‡hvRbx-9.1)<br />

avc: 02: wewfbœ ai‡Yi cvV cwiKíbv<br />

• Gevi AskMÖnYKvix‡`i K‡qK ai‡Yi cvV cwiKíbvi bgybv Kwc w`b| (ms‡hvRbx-9.2)<br />

• G‡ÿ‡Î ejyb, Avgiv wewfbœfv‡e cvV cwiKíbv Ki‡Z cvwi| Gi wKQz di‡gU ev bgybv Kwc Avgiv<br />

†`‡L Ges ey‡S wbB|<br />

• GB wel‡q Kv‡iv †Kvb cÖkœ _vK‡j Zvi DËi w`b|<br />

<br />

45


avc: 03: cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwi (`ÿZv PP©v)<br />

• Gevi AskMÖnYKvix‡`i‡K 3wU `‡j fvM K‡i w`b Ges wb‡Pi wZbwU wel‡qi Dc‡i cvV cwiKíbv<br />

ˆZwi Ki‡Z ejyb|<br />

`j-01: GKwU K¨v‡¤úBwbs wUª‡ci Dc‡i cwiKíbv<br />

`j-02: mfv Av‡qvRb I e¨e¯’vcbv<br />

`j-03: wewfbœ wi‡cvU©/wPwV wjL‡bi wbqgvejx<br />

• cÖwZwU `j B”Qv Ki‡j wb‡RivI cQ›`gZ welq GKwU cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwi Ki‡Z cv‡ib|<br />

• cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwii Rb¨ 30 wgwbU mgq w`b| wbw`©ó mgq ci cÖwZwU `‡ji KvQ †_‡K Dc¯’vcbv<br />

ïbyb Ges cÖ‡qvRbxq wdWe¨vK w`b|<br />

avc: 04: wkÿY hvPvB<br />

• wb‡Pi cÖ‡kœi gva¨‡g cy‡iv Awae‡kbwU wkÿYxq welq¸‡jv hvPvB Kiæb-<br />

- cvV cwiKíbv Kx?<br />

- †Kb GUv cÖ‡qvRb?<br />

- cvV cwiKíbvi Kxfv‡e Ki‡Z nq?<br />

• mevB‡K ab¨ev` Rvwb‡q †kl Kiæb|<br />

<br />

46


ms‡hvRbx-9.1<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

cvV cwiKíbv n‡”Q GKRb cÖwkÿ‡Ki Rb¨ GKwU wb‡`©kbv cÎ hvi gva¨‡g wZwb Awa‡ekbwU cwiPvjbv<br />

K‡ib|<br />

cvV cwiKíbv †Kb cÖ‡qvRb:<br />

• cÖwkÿ‡Ki Av‡jvPbv‡K mwVK Lv‡Z cwiPvjbvi Rb¨<br />

• Awa‡ekb cwiPvjbvi mgq †Kvb evZ©v ev Z_¨ hv‡Z bv ev` c‡o †m welqwU †Lqvj ivLvi Rb¨<br />

• mgq AbymiY Kivi Rb¨<br />

cvV cwiKíbvq hv _v‡K-<br />

• Awa‡ek‡bi wk‡ivbvg<br />

• D‡Ïk¨<br />

• mgqKvj<br />

• mve-UwcK<br />

• c×wZ<br />

• DcKiY<br />

• cÖwμqv<br />

• n¨vÛAvDU<br />

<br />

47


ms‡hvRbx-09.02<br />

wewfbœ ai‡Yi cvV cwiKíbvi bgybv Kwc<br />

01<br />

Awa‡ekbwk‡ivbvg:<br />

....................<br />

D‡Ïk¨ GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K.<br />

L.<br />

c×wZ ......................<br />

DcKiY ...........................<br />

mgqKvj ........................<br />

cÖwμqv- K.<br />

. ...<br />

.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..<br />

...<br />

avc-01<br />

• .........................................<br />

avc-02<br />

• .........................................<br />

<br />

48


Awa‡ekb- 01<br />

wk‡ivbvg: ................................................<br />

D‡Ïk¨:<br />

GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. ................................<br />

L. ................................<br />

M. ....................................<br />

mgqKvj: ...........................<br />

c×wZ: ....................................<br />

DcKiY: ............................................<br />

cÖ Öwμqv<br />

K. ..................................<br />

avc-01<br />

• ....................................................<br />

• ....................................................<br />

• ....................................................<br />

avc-02<br />

• ....................................................<br />

• ....................................................<br />

• ....................................................<br />

<br />

49


Awa‡ekb- 01<br />

wk‡ivbvg : ...........................................<br />

D‡Ïk¨:<br />

GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

1. ...................................<br />

2...........................................<br />

3................................................<br />

mgqKvj: .................................................<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc welq c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01.<br />

02.<br />

03.<br />

cÖ Öwμqv .................................................<br />

•<br />

avc-01<br />

<br />

50


Awa‡ekb-10<br />

wk‡ivbvg :<br />

`j fvM Ges KvwiKzjv‡gi Rb¨ welq wbe©vPb<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. `‡j fvM n‡eb Ges KvwiKzjvg ˆZwii Rb¨ GKwU welq wbe©vPb Ki‡eb;<br />

L. KvwiKzjv‡gi AšÍf~©³ wewfbœ Av‡jvP¨ m~wP wPwýZ Ki‡eb|<br />

mgq : 75 wgwbU<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01.<br />

02.<br />

`‡j fvM Ges KvwiKzjvg<br />

ˆZwii Rb¨ welq wbe©vPb<br />

KvwiKzjv‡gi AšÍf~©³ wewfbœ<br />

welq wba©viY<br />

S‡ovfvebv, †cv÷vi<br />

wjLb<br />

‡cv÷vi, gvK©vi<br />

30 wgwbU<br />

H H 45 wgwbU<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

avc: 01 I 02: `‡j fvM, KvwiKzjvg ˆZwii Rb¨ welq wbe©vPb Ges Av‡jvP¨ m~Px wba©viY<br />

• mevB‡K ï‡f”Qv Rvwb‡q ejyb, Avgiv GLb ax‡i ax‡i KvwiKzjvg ˆZwii Rb¨ KvR ïiæ KiwQ|<br />

• GB Awa‡ek‡b Avgiv g~jZ †Kvb wel‡qi Dci KvwiKzjvg ˆZwi Ki‡ev †m welqwU wbe©vPb Ki‡ev Ges<br />

†mB wel‡qi AšÍf© ~³ Av‡jvP¨m~Px wVK Ki‡ev Ges cÖwZwU `j GK GKwU KvwiKzjv‡gi 3/4 wU cvV<br />

cwiKíbv ˆZwi Ki‡ev|<br />

• G‡ÿ‡Î AskMÖnYKvixiv wb‡RivI KvwiKzjv‡gi welqe¯‘ wbe©vPb Ki‡Z cv‡ib A_ev ms‡hvRbx Abyhvqx<br />

†m wel‡qi Dc‡iI KvwiKzjvg ˆZwi Ki‡Z cv‡ib|<br />

• KvwiKzjv‡gi welqe¯‘ ms‡hvRbx-10.1-G †`Iqv n‡jv|<br />

• GB wel‡q Kv‡iv †Kvb cÖkœ _vK‡j Zvi DËi w`b|<br />

<br />

51


ms‡hvRbx-10.1<br />

KvwiKzjvg: cwievwiK Rxeb wkÿv<br />

gwWDj 01: cwievi Ges mgvR<br />

• cwievi I mw¤cÖwZ<br />

• cwiev‡ii Amȳ ’ cÖwZeÜx Ges eq¯‹ m`m¨<br />

• mgvR I mvgvwRK †kªYx†f`<br />

• mvgvwRK mgm¨v I Zvi cÖwZKvi<br />

• cvwievwiK Kv‡R mw¤§wjZ AskMÖnY<br />

gwWDj02: ¯^v¯’¨ I cwi‡ek<br />

• wkïi hZœ, e„w× I weKvk<br />

• ¯^v¯’ I cwi¯‹vi cwi”QbœZv<br />

• cwi‡ek msib<br />

gwWDj 03: cywó I †ivM<br />

• cywó I mylg Lv`¨<br />

• Av‡qvwWb<br />

• wbivc` cvwb<br />

• K‡qKwU mvaviY †ivM I Zvi cÖwZKvi<br />

gwWDj 04: AvBb I AwaKvi<br />

• ‡gŠwjK gvbevwaKvi<br />

• bvix I wkï AwaKvi<br />

• evj¨ I eûweevn AvBb<br />

KvwiKzjvg: †ckvMZ `ÿZv Dbœqb<br />

gwWDj 01: ‡hvMv‡hvM<br />

• †hvMv‡hv‡Mi aviYv<br />

• mdj †hvMv‡hvMKvixi ¸b I `Zv<br />

• ‡hvMv‡hvMKvixi f~wgKv<br />

• MVbg~jK †hvMv‡hvM<br />

gwWDj 02: `j MVb<br />

• wU‡gi aviYv<br />

<br />

52


• wU‡gi Kvh©Ki cÖ‡qvM<br />

• `jMZ Kv‡Ri cÖ‡qvRbxqZv<br />

• Ø›` wbimb<br />

gwWDj 03: mg‡SvZvi `Zv<br />

• mg‡SvZvi aviYv<br />

• mg‡SvZvi Dcv`vb<br />

• mg‡SvZvi g~j Dcv`vb<br />

• mg‡SvZvi avc mg~n<br />

• mg‡SvZvi mvavib fzj¸‡jv<br />

gwWDj 04: ZË¡veavqb Ges cwiexY<br />

• ZË¡veavqb Gi ‰ewkó¨<br />

• ZË¡eav‡bi †KŠkj<br />

• ZË¡eav‡bi `Zv Ges ˆewkó¨<br />

• cwiex‡bi aviv<br />

• cwiex‡bi †KŠkj<br />

• cwiex‡bi m~PK/ wb‡`©kK<br />

<br />

53


Awa‡ekb-11<br />

wk‡ivbvg :<br />

Z_¨cÎ (n¨vÛAvDU)mn cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwi<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. `‡ji cÖ‡Z¨‡K cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwi Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

L. cvV cwiKíbv Abyhvhx n¨vÛAvDU ev Z_¨cÎ ˆZwi Ki‡Z cvi‡eb|<br />

mgq : 300 wgwbU (5 N›Uv)<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01.<br />

02.<br />

`‡ji cÖ‡Z¨‡K cvV<br />

cwiKíbv ˆZwi<br />

cvV cwiKíbv Abyhvhx<br />

n¨vÛAvDU ev Z_¨cÎ ˆZwi<br />

`jxq KvR<br />

KvMR, Kjg,<br />

Kw¤úDUvi ev<br />

j¨vcUc<br />

100 wgwbU<br />

H H 200 wgwbU<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

avc: 01 I 02: `‡ji cÖ‡Z¨‡K cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwi<br />

• mevB‡K ï‡f”Qv Rvwb‡q ejyb, Avgiv cÖwZwU `j KvwiKzjv‡gi welq wbe©vPb K‡i †d‡jwQ GLb Avgiv<br />

welq Abyhvqx Awa‡ekb cwiKíbv Ki‡ev|<br />

• cÖwZwU `j Avjv`vfv‡e e‡m KvwiKzjv‡gi Av‡jvP¨ m~Px †_‡K 3-4wU Av‡jvP¨ welq wVK K‡i cvV<br />

cwiKíbv ˆZwi Ki‡eb|<br />

• G‡ÿ‡Î `‡ji GKRb n¨vÛAvDU ˆZwii Rb¨ wewfbœ wkÿY DcKiY wPwýZ Ki‡eb|<br />

• GB KvRwU Ki‡Z cÖwZwU `j 5N›Uv mgq cv‡eb|<br />

• `j‡K cÖ‡qvR‡b cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwi‡Z mnvqZv Kiæb|<br />

<br />

54


Awa‡ekb-12<br />

wk‡ivbvg :<br />

cvV cwiKíbv Dc¯’vcbv I wdWe¨vK<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. wbR wbR cvV cwiKíbv Dc¯’vcb Ki‡eb;<br />

L. cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwii †ÿ‡Î hv Ki‡ev hv Ki‡ev bv Zv wPwýZ Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

N. meKwU cvV cwiKíbv‡K GKwÎZ K‡i KvwiKzjvg ˆZwi Ki‡eb|<br />

mgq : 135 wgwbU<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01. cvV cwiKíbv Dc¯’vcb Dc¯’vcbv I wdWe¨vK<br />

02.<br />

03.<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwii †ÿ‡Î<br />

hv Ki‡ev hv Ki‡ev bv<br />

meKwU cvV cwiKíbv‡K<br />

GKwÎZ K‡i KvwiKzjvg<br />

ˆZwi<br />

cvV cwiKíbv,<br />

gvwëwgwWqv ¯Œxb<br />

80 wgwbU<br />

`jxq KvR Dc¯’vcbv wd¬cwkU, gvK©vi 30 wgwbU<br />

H cvV cwiKíbv 25 wgwbU<br />

avc: 01 : cvV cwiKíbv Dc¯’vcb<br />

• mevB‡K ï‡f”Qv Rvwb‡q ejyb, Avgiv Gevi GK GK K‡i cÖwZwU `j cvV cwiKíbv Dc¯’vcb Ki‡ev|<br />

G‡ÿ‡Î †h welq Gi Dc‡i cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwi K‡i‡Qb †m welqwUi Dc‡i Dc¯’vcb Ki‡eb|<br />

• cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki Dc¯’vcbvi ci cÖ‡qvRbxq wdWe¨vK w`b|<br />

avc: 02 : cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwii †ÿ‡Î hv Ki‡ev hv Ki‡ev bv<br />

• mevi cvV cwiKíbv Dc¯’vcb Ges Zvi Dci wdWe¨vK cÖ`v‡bi ci ejyb Avgiv A‡bK welq †R‡bwQ<br />

†h cvV cwiKíbv ˆZwii †ÿ‡Î wK welq¸‡jv †Lqvj ivL‡Z n‡e|<br />

<br />

55


• Gevi Avgiv 4wU `‡j fvM n‡ev Ges wb‡Pi wel‡qi Dc‡i KvR Ki‡ev-<br />

- `j-01 I 03: cvV cwiKíbvi †ÿ‡Î hv †g‡b Pj‡ev Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Kiæb|<br />

- `j- 02 I 04: cvV cwiKíbvi †ÿ‡Î hv Ki‡ev bv Zvi GKwU ZvwjKv ˆZwi Kiæb|<br />

• cÖwZwU `j‡K 20 wgwbU mgq w`b Ges wbw`©ó mgq ci Dc¯’vcbvi Rb¨ Avgš¿Y Rvbvb|<br />

avc: 03 : cvV cwiKíbv GKwÎZKiY<br />

• Gevi cÖwZwU `j‡K Zv‡`i `‡ji meKwU cvV cwiKíbv avivevwnKfv‡e mvRv‡Z ejyb| GKwU wmwWDj<br />

ˆZwi Ki‡Z ejyb Ges cÖ”Q` ˆZwi Ki‡Z ejyb|<br />

• G¸‡jv GKwÎZ K‡i GKwU KvwiKzjvg ˆZwi n‡e| G‡ÿ‡Î g‡b ivL‡Z n‡e †h, hw` K‡qKwU gwWDj<br />

nq Zvn‡j gwWDj¸‡jvi AšÍf’©³ cvV cwiKíbv GKwÎZ K‡i cÖ_‡g gwWDjwU wVK Ki‡Z n‡e Ges<br />

cieZx©‡Z gwWDj¸‡jv‡K GKwÎZ K‡i KvwiKzjvg ˆZwi Ki‡Z n‡e| Avi hw` GKwU welq‡K wb‡q<br />

KvwiKzjvg ˆZwi nq Zvn‡j †mB wel‡qi AšÍf’©³ cvV cwiKíbv¸‡jv‡K GKwÎZ K‡i KvwiKzjvg ˆZwi<br />

Ki‡Z n‡e|<br />

• GLv‡b Avgiv wZbwU `j wZbwU wel‡qi Dc‡i Avjv`vfv‡e wZbwU KvwiKzjvg ˆZwii Rb¨ KvR KiwQ|<br />

• mevB‡K ab¨ev` Rvwb‡q †kl Kiæb|<br />

<br />

56


Awa‡ekb-13<br />

wk‡ivbvg :<br />

KvwiKzjv‡gi mvaviY Ask (cÖ_g Ask) cÖYqb,<br />

PzovšÍKiY I Dc¯’vcbv<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. KvwiKzjv‡gi mvaviY As‡ki welqe¯‘ ev Dcv`vb wPwýZ Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

L. mvaviY As‡ki (KvwiKzjv‡gi cÖ_g Ask) cÖwZwU welq avivevwnKfv‡e ˆZwi Ki‡Z<br />

cvi‡eb; Ges PzovšÍ KvwiKzjvg Dc¯’vcb Ki‡eb|<br />

mgq : 270 wgwbU (4 N›Uv 30 wgwbU)<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01.<br />

KvwiKzjv‡gi cÖ_g As‡ki<br />

welqe¯‘ ev Dcv`vb<br />

¯øvBW cÖ`k©b I<br />

Av‡jvPbv<br />

cvV cwiKíbv,<br />

gvwëwgwWqv, ¯Œxb<br />

01 N›Uv<br />

02.<br />

cÖ_g As‡ki cÖwZwU welq<br />

ˆZwi I c~Y©v½ KvwiKzjvg<br />

Dc¯’vcbv<br />

`jxq KvR Dc¯’vcbv<br />

I wdWe¨vK<br />

j¨vcUc, KvMR,<br />

gvwëwgwWqv<br />

3 N›Uv 30<br />

wgwbU<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

avc: 01 : KvwiKzjv‡gi cÖ_g As‡ki welqe¯‘ ev Dcv`vb<br />

• mevB‡K ï‡f”Qv Rvbvb|<br />

• KvwiKzjv‡gi cÖ_g As‡ki †h welq¸‡jv _v‡K Zv Av‡jvPbv Kiæb| (ms‡hvRbx-13.1)<br />

• ejyb, GLb Avgiv cÖ_g As‡ki KvR¸‡jv m¤úbœ Ki‡ev G‡ÿ‡Î †Kv‡m©i Rb¨ †h g~j¨vqb Uzjm ˆZwi<br />

Ki‡Z n‡e †m welqwUI we¯ÍvwiZfv‡e Av‡jvPbv Kiæb| (ms‡hvRbx-13.2)<br />

avc: 02 : cÖ_g As‡ki cÖwZwU wel‡qi AvIZvaxb wel‡q ˆZwi<br />

• AskMÖnYKvix‡`i‡K AveviI Av‡M 3wU `‡j fvM n‡Z ejyb Ges wbR wbR KvwiKzjv‡gi cÖ_g As‡ki<br />

Uzj¸‡jv ˆZwi Ki‡Z ejyb|<br />

• cÖwZwU `j‡K 60 wgwbU mgq w`b Ges wbw`©ó mgq ci cÖwZwU `‡ji cy‡iv KvwiKzjvgwUi Dci<br />

Dc¯’vcbv Ki‡Z ejyb|<br />

• Dc¯’vcbvi ci cÖ‡qvRbxq wdWe¨vK w`b|<br />

• mevB‡K ab¨ev` Rvwb‡q †kl Kiæb|<br />

<br />

57


ms‡hvRbx-13.1<br />

KvwiKzjv‡gi mvaviY As‡ki Av‡jvP¨ welq<br />

• cÖ”Q`<br />

• gyLeÜ<br />

• K„ZÁZv ¯^xKvi<br />

• f~wgKv<br />

• Av‡jvP¨ m~wP<br />

• jÿ¨ D‡Ïk¨<br />

• AskMÖnYKvixi aib I msL¨v<br />

• mgq mxgv<br />

• KvwiKzjvg e¨env‡ii wb‡`©wkKv-<br />

- †Kvm© Av‡qvRb I e¨e¯’vcbv<br />

- ¯’vb wbe©vP‡bi we‡eP¨ welq<br />

- wewfbœ c×wZ cÖ‡qvM cÖwμqv<br />

- cÖwkÿ‡Ki Rb¨ wUcm&<br />

- D‡¢vabx I mgvcbx ce© cwiPvjbv<br />

• gwWD‡ji ZvwjKv<br />

- mgqm~wP<br />

- avivevwnK cvV cwiKíbv Z_¨cÎ mn<br />

• †Kvm© g~j¨vqb<br />

• ms‡ÿwcKiY/†idv‡iÝ<br />

<br />

58


ms‡hvRbx-13.2<br />

cÖwkY †Kv‡m©i g~j¨vqb t<br />

g~j¨vqb n‡”Q GKwU c×wZ hvi gva¨‡g cÖwk‡Y AskMÖnbKvix‡`i Ávb, `Zv I `„wófw½i †Kvb<br />

DbœwZ/cwieZ©b n‡q‡Q wKbv Zv hvPvB Ziv nq|<br />

g~j¨vq‡bi avc¸‡jv wbgœiƒct<br />

• cÖwZwμqv: cÖwkY m¤ú‡K© AskMÖnYKvix‡`i Abyf~wZ Kx?<br />

• wkLb g~j¨vqb: AskMÖnYKvix‡`i Ávb, `Zv I `„wófw½i g~j¨vqb|<br />

• AvPiwbK g~j¨vqb: †Kvm© †_‡K AwRZ© Ávb I `Zv AskMÖnYKvixiv ev¯Íe †‡Î Kxfv‡e<br />

cÖ‡qvM Ki‡Q?<br />

• cÖfve/djvdj g~j¨vqb: AskMÖnYKvixiv AwR©Z bZzb `Zv msMV‡b h_vh_ Kv‡R cÖ‡qvM<br />

KiZ wKbv? hw` K‡i _v‡K Z‡e †Kgb djvdj AwR©Z n‡q‡Q?<br />

g~j¨vqb cÖwμqv t<br />

01. cÖvK& I cieZ©x g~j¨vqb:<br />

mvavibfv‡e `Zv wfwËK cÖwkY¸‡jv g~j¨vqb Kiv nq cÖvK& I cieZ©x g~j¨vq‡bi gva¨‡g| GB ai‡bi<br />

g~j¨vqb¸‡jv cÖwkK‡K AskMÖnYKvix‡`i Ávb/avibvi cwiwa eyS‡Z mnvqZv K‡i|<br />

cÖvK& g~j¨vqb Gi D‡Ïk¨ :<br />

• AskMÖnYKvixi ‡gŠwjK Ávb, `Zv I `„wófw½ hvPvB Kiv<br />

• AskMÖnYKvixi aib Abyhvqx †Kv‡m©i welqe¯‘ c~b©we‡ePbv Kiv<br />

• ‡Kv©m PjvKvjxb mg‡q cÖwkY msμvšÍ wewfbœ welq wbiƒcb Kiv<br />

‡Kvm© cieZ©x g~j¨vqb Gi D‡Ïk¨t<br />

• AskMÖnYKvixi Dbœq‡bi gvÎv cwigvc Kiv<br />

• ‡Kvm© cwiPvjbvi Kvh©KvixZv hvPvB Kiv<br />

• A¯úó welqe¯‘‡K mȳ úó K‡i ‡Zvjv<br />

cÖvK& I cieZ©x g~j¨vqb Gi avc mg~n t<br />

• cÖwkY †Kv‡m©i D‡Ïk¨ Abyhvqx cÖkœcÎ I DËi cÎ ˆZix Kiv<br />

• ch©‡eY †PKwjó ˆZix Kiv (cÖ‡qvRb Abymv‡i)<br />

• ‡fŠZ cwi‡ek myweb¨¯ÍKiY<br />

<br />

59


• cÖvK&/cieZ©x g~j¨vqb cwiPvjbv Kiv<br />

• DËicÎ g~j¨vqb Kiv<br />

• g~j¨vqb c‡Îi djvdj hZ`ª“Z m¤¢e KZ…c‡K Rvbvb<br />

• cÖvK& I cieZ©x g~j¨vqb Gi ci cª‡qvRb Abymv‡i KvwiKzjvg/cÖwkY Kg©m~wP‡Z mgwš^Z<br />

Kiv<br />

cÖvK I ceeZ©x g~j¨vqb DcKiY t<br />

• cÖkœcÎ Ges DËi cÎ<br />

• eûwbe©vPbx (GgwmwKD) cÖkœ<br />

2. cÖkœ-DËi<br />

cÖwZwU Awa‡ekb †k‡l cy‡iv Awa‡ek‡bi wkÿYxq welh m¤ú‡K© AskMÖnYKvixiv eyS‡Z †c‡i‡Q wKbv Zv<br />

wKQz cÖ‡kœi gva¨‡g hvPvB Kiv nq|<br />

3. †g‡gv<br />

†`Iqv‡j ev †ev‡W© GKwU eªvDb †ccv‡i †g‡gv wj‡L jvwM‡q †`qv nq Ges AskMÖnYKvix‡`i ejv nq<br />

cÖwkÿY PjvKvjxb †h †Kvb mgq cÖwkÿ‡Yi †h †Kvb welq wb‡q Zv‡`i gšÍe¨ ev cÖZ¨vkv wjL‡Z| welq¸‡jv<br />

n‡Z cv‡i cÖwkÿ‡Yi Av‡jvP¨ m~wP, cÖwμqv, c×wZ, DcKiY, jwRw÷K, LvIqv-`vIqv BZ¨vw` wel‡q|<br />

4. gyWwgUvi:<br />

cÖwZw`b Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvix‡`i Kv‡Q †Kgb †j‡M‡Q Zvi wfwˇZ e¨w³MZ †MvcbxqZv iv K‡i<br />

gyW wgUv‡i WUm& jvMv‡Z n‡e| G‡ÿ‡Î cÖ‡Z¨K AskMÖnYKvix GKwU K‡i WUm& jvMv‡e| w`b Abyhvqx 3wU<br />

N‡ii (Lye fv‡jv, fv‡jv, fv‡jv bv) †h †Kvb GKwU‡Z|<br />

Abyf~wZ<br />

☺<br />

<br />

<br />

AvR‡Ki w`bwU †Kgb †Mj?<br />

1g w`b 2q w`b 3q w`b 4_© w`b 5g w`b<br />

5. †Kvm© g~j¨vqb:<br />

†Kv‡m©i †k‡li w`b AskMÖnYKvixiv WUm& †gwUª· c×wZ‡Z †Kvm© g~j¨vqb Ki‡Z cv‡ib| G‡ÿ‡Î eªvDb<br />

†ccv‡i wb‡Pi 10wU welq Abyhvqx AskMÖnYKvix‡`i cÖ‡Z¨K‡K 10wU WUm& w`‡Z n‡e Ges cÖ‡Z¨K<br />

<br />

60


AskMÖnYKvix welq Abyhvqx †h †Kvb msL¨vi GKwU N‡i WUm& jvMv‡eb| GKwU wel‡q GKwU WUm& jvMv‡eb|<br />

msL¨vi gvb¸‡jv n‡jv 1 = fv‡jv bv 2 = †gvUv gywU 3 = fv‡jv 4 = Lye fv‡jv |<br />

†Kvm© g~j¨vq‡bi GB c×wZ‡Z A‡bK mgq 2wU avc AbymiY Kiv nq| G‡ÿ‡Î AskMÖnYKvixiv Kv‡W© cÖwZwU<br />

welq Abyhvqx msL¨v emv‡eb| mevi KvW© msMÖn K‡i mvdj K‡i mevB‡K GKwU KvW© Ges 10wU WUm& Gi<br />

GKwU w÷ªc w`‡eb Ges †h †hB KvW©wU‡Z welqe¯‘ Abyhvqx †h msL¨v †jLv Av‡Q †m msL¨v Abyhvqx WUm&<br />

jvMv‡Z ej‡eb| GKwU N‡i GKwU K‡i WUm& jvMv‡Z n‡e|<br />

A_ev AskMÖnYKvixiv mivmwi wb‡RivI WUm& jvMv‡Z cv‡ib| †Kvm© g~j¨vq‡bi Rb¨ †h QKwU ˆZwi Ki‡Z<br />

n‡e Zvi bgybv wb‡P †`Iqv n‡jv-<br />

D‡Ïk¨ AR©b<br />

AskMÖnY<br />

Av‡jvP¨ m~wP<br />

c×wZ<br />

DcKiY<br />

Dc¯’vcbv<br />

†cÖKwUm †mkb<br />

cÖZ¨vkvc~ib<br />

jwRw÷Km& e¨e¯’vcbv<br />

mvwe©K Abyf’wZ<br />

1 2 3 4<br />

6. cÖkœc‡Îi gva¨‡g †Kvm© g~j¨vqb:<br />

‡Kvm© g~j¨vqb cÖkœ-cÎ wbgœwjwLZfv‡e ˆZix Ki‡Z nq<br />

K) wkÿbxq welq msμvšÍ cÖ‡kœi g‡a¨ _vK‡e:<br />

- ‡Kv‡m©i welqe¯‘ wK Avcbvi cÖZ¨vkv Abyhvqx wQj?<br />

- welqe¯‘ wK mnR‡ev× wQ‡jv?<br />

- welqe¯‘ cÖvmw½K wQ‡jv wK?<br />

- Ggb wKQz wK Av‡Q hv GLvb †_‡K AR©b Kiv m¤¢e nqwb? †Kvb welqwU?<br />

L) e¨eüZ c×wZ msμvšÍ cÖ‡kœi g‡a¨ _vK‡e:<br />

- ‡Kvb Awa‡ekbwU Avcbvi Kv‡Q me‡P‡q †ekx DcKvix g‡b n‡q‡Q?<br />

- ‡Kvb Awa‡ekbwU Avcbvi Kv‡Q me‡P‡q Kg DcKvix g‡b n‡q‡Q?<br />

M) †Kvm© cwiKíbv msμvšÍ cÖ‡kœi g‡a¨ _vK‡e:<br />

- Z_¨ mg~n wK †hŠw³K c×wZ‡Z Dc¯’vwcZ n‡qwQj?<br />

<br />

61


- †Kv‡m©i mgqwU Kx h_vh_ wQj?<br />

- Avcwb †Kv‡m© cy‡ivcywi fv‡e AskMÖnY Ki‡Z †c‡iwQ‡jb wK?<br />

- Awa‡ekb ¸‡jv h_vh_ fv‡e cwiKwíZ wQj wK?<br />

4) Dc¯’vcbv msμvšÍ cÖ‡kœi g‡a¨ _vK‡e:<br />

- DcKiY mg~n‡K cÖwkK h_vh_fv‡e Dc¯’vcb K‡iwQ‡jb wK?<br />

- cÖwk‡Ki h_vh_ cÖ¯‘wZ wQ‡jv wK?<br />

- Avcbvi wkLb‡K Z¡ivwš^Z Ki‡Z cÖwkK Kx K‡iwQ‡jb?<br />

- †Kvb Awa‡ekb ev Awa‡ek‡bi Askwe‡kl me‡P‡q AvK©lYxq g‡b n‡q‡Q?<br />

7. cvidig¨vÝ g~j¨vqb †PKwj÷:<br />

cÖwk‡Ki †hvM¨Zv g~j¨vqb †PKwj÷<br />

(cwi`k©K cÖwkK KZ…K c~ibxq)<br />

cÖwk‡Ki bvg: ............................................................... cÖwZôvb:.........................<br />

ch©‡ebKvix : ..............................ZvwiL : ..............................ce©: ........................<br />

Av‡jvPbvi welqe¯‘: ...............................................................................................<br />

AskMÖnYKvixi aiY: ...............................................................................................<br />

μwgK<br />

bs<br />

1.<br />

h_vh_ ¯’v‡b wUK w`b<br />

ch©‡e‡bi welq n¨vu bv<br />

AbyK~j ‡fŠZ cwi‡ek wbwðZKiY msμvšÍ<br />

K. Avmb e¨ve¯’v<br />

L. ch©vß Av‡jv I evZv‡mi e¨e¯’v<br />

M. wbivc` cvwb, Uq‡jU BZ¨vw`i e¨e¯’v<br />

N. cÖwkY DcKiYmg~n mKj AskMÖnYKvix‡`i mvg‡b `k©b‡hvM¨<br />

¯’v‡b ¯’vcb<br />

O. PK, Wv÷vi, †evW©, wcb, KvW©, gvK©vi BZ¨vw` DcKiY¸‡jvi mnR<br />

cÖvc¨Zv<br />

Q. AvmevecÎ I †ev‡W©i cwi¯‹vi cwi”QbœZv<br />

2. AskMÖnYKvix‡`i mv‡_ m¤úK© ¯’vcb msμvšÍ:<br />

K.¯^vMZ ï‡f”Qv<br />

<br />

62


3.<br />

4.<br />

5.<br />

6.<br />

7.<br />

8.<br />

L.Kzkj wewbgq<br />

M. AskMÖnYKvix‡`i mv‡_ †mŠnv`©¨c~Y© m¤úK© ¯’vcb<br />

Av‡jvP¨ welq msμvšÍ:<br />

K. Av‡jvP¨ welq Dc¯’vcb<br />

L. c~e©eZx© Awa‡ek‡bi mv‡_ m¤úK© ¯’vcb (cÖ‡qvR‡b)<br />

M. Av‡jvP¨ welqe¯‘‡K AskMÖnYKvix‡`i Kv‡Ri mv‡_ wgwj‡q Dc¯’vcb<br />

N. Av‡jvP¨ wel‡qi ¸i“Z¡ Av‡jvPbv Kiv<br />

Awa‡ek‡bi D‡Ïk¨ msμvšÍ:<br />

K. Awa‡ek‡bi D‡Ïk¨ Dc¯’vcb<br />

L. avivevwnKfv‡e Awa‡ekb Dc¯’vcb<br />

M. D‡Ïk¨ AR©b hvPvB‡qi †ÿ‡Î wkÿbxq welq m¤ú‡K© cÖkœ Kiv<br />

AskMÖnYKvix‡`i aviYv hvPvB msμvšÍ<br />

K. welqe¯‘ m¤ú‡K© aviYv<br />

L. AskMÖnYKvix‡`i wkLb m¤úK© aviYv hvPvB<br />

M. AskMÖnYKvix‡`i e³e¨ g‡bv‡hvM w`‡q †kvbv<br />

N. AskMÖnYKvix‡`i AwfÁZv/gZvg‡Zi cÖksmv Kiv<br />

AskMÖnYKvix‡`i AskMÖnY wbwðZKiY msμvšÍ<br />

K. Av‡jvP¨ welqe¯‘ Dc¯’vc‡bi †‡Î avivevwnKZv iÿv Kiv<br />

L. cÖkœ Ki‡Z DrmvwnZ Kiv<br />

M. RwUj welq mnRfv‡e Dc¯’vcb<br />

N. Awa‡ek‡bi D‡Ïk¨ Abymv‡i cÖkœ Kiv<br />

O. DËi `v‡b DrmvwnZ Kiv<br />

P. ev¯Íe D`vniY †`qv<br />

Q. mZK© _vKv (cvkvcvwk K_v ejv, Aw¯’iZv, gyLfw½) Ges †m Abyhvqx<br />

mvov †`qv<br />

AskMÖnYg~jK cÖwkY c×wZ msμvšÍ :<br />

K. Av‡jvP¨ welq Dc‡hvMx<br />

L. AskMÖnYKvix‡`i aiY Dc‡hvMx<br />

M. c×wZ e¨venv‡i avivevwnKZv<br />

cÖwkY DcKi‡Yi e¨envi msμvšÍ:<br />

K. welqe¯‘ Dc‡hvMx<br />

L. cÖhyw³MZ fv‡e mwVK<br />

M. cÖwkYv_x©‡`i Dc‡hvMx<br />

N. mwVK e¨venvi<br />

O.AvKl©Yxq<br />

P.¯úó Ges mswß<br />

<br />

63


wk‡ivbvg :<br />

†Kvm© g~j¨vqb<br />

Awa‡ekb-14<br />

D‡Ïk¨ : GB Awa‡ekb †k‡l AskMÖnYKvixiv-<br />

K. gy&³ Av‡jvPbvi gva¨‡g cÖwkÿ‡Yi †Kvb welq m¤ú‡K© Rvbvi _vK‡j Zv cÖkœ K‡i<br />

Rvb‡Z I ej‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

L. cÖwkÿ‡Yi wkÿYxq KZUzKz AR©b Ki‡Z †c‡i‡Qb Zv wPwýZ Ki‡Z cvi‡eb;<br />

M. †Kvm© g~j¨vqb Ki‡Z cvi‡eb|<br />

mgq : 30 wgwbU<br />

cvV cwiKíbv<br />

avc Av‡jvP¨ m~wP c×wZ DcKiY mgq<br />

01. gy³ Av‡jvPbv Av‡jvPbv 10 wgwbU<br />

02. wkÿYxq welq hvPvB cÖkœ cÎ cÖkœcÎ 10 wgwbU<br />

03. †Kvm© g~j¨vqb<br />

cÖwμqv<br />

†Kvm© g~j¨vqbwkU<br />

c’iY<br />

g~j¨vqbwkU<br />

10 wgwbU<br />

avc: 01 :gy³ Av‡jvPbv<br />

• mevB‡K ï‡f”Qv Rvbvb, Avgiv G‡Kev‡i †Kv‡m©i †kl ch©v‡q P‡j G‡mwQ<br />

• mevB‡K GKUz wPšÍv Ki‡Z ejyb, †Kvm© m¤úwK©Z †Kvb wKQz Av‡Q wKbv hv Rvbv cÖ‡qvRb|<br />

• mevB‡K wPšÍv Kivi Rb¨ 15 wgwbU mgq w`b| Gevi mevi KvQ †_‡K Rvb‡Z †Póv Kiæb †Kvb welq<br />

m¤ú‡K© A¯úóZv Av‡Q wKbv ev †Kvb cÖkœ Av‡Q wKbv|<br />

• †mwelq¸‡jv wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Kiæb|<br />

avc: 02 : wkÿYxq welq hvPvB<br />

• AskMÖnYKvix‡`i GKwU K‡i cÖwkÿY cieZx© cÖkœcÎ w`b (ms‡hvRbx-14.1) Ges 10 wgwb‡Ui g‡a¨<br />

cyiY K‡i w`‡Z ejyb|<br />

• wbw`©ó mgq ci cÖkœcÎ msMÖn Kiæb|<br />

avc: 03 : †Kvm© g~j¨vqb<br />

• AskMÖnYKvix‡`i ejyb, Avgiv Gevi †Kv‡m©i mvwe©K w`K¸‡jv g~j¨vqb Ki‡ev G‡ÿ‡Î Avgiv GKwU<br />

g~j¨vqb dig cyiY Ki‡ev| mevB‡K g~j¨vqb digwU w`b (ms‡hvRbx-14.2) Ges cyiY K‡i w`‡Z<br />

ejyb|<br />

• mevB‡K ab¨ev` Rvwb‡q mgvcbx c‡e©i gva¨‡g †Kvm©wU mgvß Kiæb|<br />

<br />

64


ms‡hvRbx-14-1<br />

cÖkœcÎ (cÖwkY cieZx©) c~Y©gvb: 30<br />

mgq: 10 wgwbU<br />

KvwiKzjvg cÖYq‡bi cuvPwU avc wjLyb: 10<br />

1.<br />

2.<br />

3.<br />

4.<br />

5.<br />

mZ¨ n‡j (m) wg_¨v n‡j (wg) wjLybt 10<br />

• KvwiKzjvg cÖYq‡bi †‡Î mvaviY AskwUi cÖ‡qvRbxqZv †bB|<br />

• gwWDj n‡jv wKQy cvV cwiKíbvi msKjb|<br />

• Z_¨cÎ mKj Awa‡ek‡b cÖ‡qvRbxq bq|<br />

• cÖw‡Yi mv‡_ †fŠZ myweavw`i †Kvb m¤úK© †bB|<br />

• AskMÖnYg~jK cÖwk‡Y AskMÖnYKvixivB me‡P‡q ¸i“Z¡c~Y© m¤ú`|<br />

• mdj †hvMv‡hv‡Mi †‡Î `yB c‡i f~wgKvB mgvbfv‡e ¸i“Z¡c~Y©|<br />

• gwWDj GKÎxKiY QvovI KvwiKzjvg n‡Z cv‡i|<br />

• gwWDj Ges cvV cwiKíbvi g‡a¨ †Kvb cv_©K¨ †bB|<br />

• Z_¨vkq AskMÖnYg~jK c×wZ bq|<br />

• cywjk wefvM cÖwk‡Yi Rb¨ ïaygvÎ †jKPvi c×wZ e¨eüZ nq|<br />

• cÖwkY DcKiY KLbB cÖwkY cÖwμqv‡K cÖfvweZ K‡i bv|<br />

• AskMÖnYg~jK cÖwk‡Y cªwk‡Ki f~wgKv AwaK ¸i“Z¡c~Y©|<br />

Lvwj Ni c~iY Ki“bt 05<br />

• KvwiKzjv‡gi cÖ_g AskwU n‡jv..........................................<br />

• wjwLZ wd¬cwkU n‡jv...............................DcKiY<br />

• wUGbG (TNA) n‡jv cÖZ¨vwkZ cvidi‡gÝ - we`¨gvb cvidi‡gÝ.................<br />

• cÖZ¨vwnK wm‡jev‡mi Aci bvg..........................................<br />

• g‡bvgvbwPÎ n‡jv GK ai‡bi....................................................<br />

cuvPwU AskMÖnYg~jK c×wZi bvg wjLybt 05<br />

1.<br />

2.<br />

3.<br />

4.<br />

5.<br />

<br />

65


ms‡hvRbx- 14.2<br />

†Kvm© g~j¨vqb<br />

mgq: 10 wgwbU<br />

1. cÖwkÿY m¤úwK©Z wZbwU fvj w`K wjLyb?<br />

K.<br />

L.<br />

M.<br />

N.<br />

2. Avcbvi g‡Z cÖwkÿ‡Yi wZbwU `ye©j w`K wjLyb?<br />

K.<br />

L.<br />

M.<br />

N.<br />

3. Avcwb Kx g‡b K‡ib GB cÖwkÿ‡Yi wKQz cwieZ©b Kiv cÖ‡qvRb?<br />

n¨vu<br />

bv<br />

hw` nü v nq Zvn‡j †m¸‡jv Kx Kx?<br />

K.<br />

L.<br />

M.<br />

<br />

66


67

Hooray! Your file is uploaded and ready to be published.

Saved successfully!

Ooh no, something went wrong!