muhammad zahir zakaria hafis shafiq m. azmi ... - seafdec.org.my

seafdec.org.my

muhammad zahir zakaria hafis shafiq m. azmi ... - seafdec.org.my

MUHAMMAD ZAHIR ZAKARIA

HAFIS SHAFIQ M. AZMI

DEPARTMENT OF FISHERIES MALAYSIA


STATUS AND ISSUES IN THE

IDENTIFICATION OF SHARK AND

RAY SPECIES IN MALAYSIA

COUNTRY


1) Introduction to shark and ray

fisheries in Malaysia

• Diversity of shark and ray species in Malaysia are among

the most abundant in Southeast Asia after Indonesia

• So far, 141 species has been recorded

• 62 shark species

• 79 ray species

• According to research done by SEAFDEC-MFRDMD 252

shark and ray species were found in Malaysia, Indonesia

and Thailand.

• 129 shark species

• 123 ray species


CONT…

• In 2005-2011, 7 new species have been found for shark

species and 8 new species for ray in Malaysia and the

Borneo’s island

Shark and ray landing

• In 2001-2010, recorded data showed that range of

percent composition of sharks and rays as compared

with other marine fish is between 1.44-2.18%

• As the above period, average shark landing in Malaysia

is 8,000 mt/y and ray is 15,904 mt/y.


CONT…

1,600,000

Shark &Ray landings in Malaysia compared with total landings of marine fish

(2001-2010)

1,400,000

1,200,000

1,231,289 1,272,078 1,283,256

1,331,645

1,209,601

1,371,733 1,381,424 1,394,531 1,393,226 1,428,881

1,000,000

MT

800,000

600,000

Total Landing

shark + ray

400,000

200,000

25,195 24,167 27,949 25,053 25,094 23,924 21,762 22,988 22,343 20,563

0

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Year


CONT…

25,000

Trends of landings of sharks and rays in malaysia (2001-2010)

20,000

19,253

15,000

16,532

15,941

16,754

15,929 16,046

14,080

15,642

15,091

13,770

MT

10,000

8,663

8,226

8,696

8,299

9,165

7,878 7,682

7,346 7,252

6,793

Shark (mt)

Ray (mt)

5,000

0

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Year


CONT…

• For the year 2010, total marine fish landing are

1,428,881 mt. From the value, only 20, 563 (1.44%) are

sharks and rays.

• 6,793 mt shark species

• 13,770 mt ray species

• The main fishing gear used is, trawl nets


CONT…

2001 - 2010


2) Distinction levels of shark and ray species

in fish markets and your national language

Local name of sharks (Yu)

• Yu Bodoh

• Yu Sirip/Kepak Hitam

• Yu Pasir

• Yu Tenggiri

• Yu Padi

• Yu Muncung Susu

• Yu Cicak

• Yu Jalur Putih

Local name of rays (Pari)

• Pari Lalat

• Pari Pasir

• Pari Lang

• Pari Nyiru

• Pari Lang Bintik Putih

• Ketuka

• Pari Hijau

• Pari Bulat


3) Current grouping of national fishery

data collection in sharks and rays.

• No specific collecting data on species/genus level

(pilot project on collecting spesific data now on going

at Perak State)

• Malaysia collect the data till group stage (currently)

• Shark

• Ray


4) List of available guidebooks in

Malaysia for shark and ray identification

• ‘Sharks And Rays Of Malaysia And Brunei Darussalam’

By SEAFDEC – MFRDMD (2005)

• ‘Panduan Mengenali Spesis Ikan Yu di Malaysia,

Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia dan Thailand’ – By

DPPSPM, Malaysian Department of Fishery (2008)

• Malaysian National Plan of Action (For the

Conservation and Management of Shark) [Malaysia

NPOA-Shark] – By Malaysian Department of Fishery

(2006)


CONT…

• ‘Field Guide To Important Commercial Marine Fishes

Of The South China Sea’ – By SEAFDEC MFRDMD

(1998)

• ‘Ikan Yu Fossil Hidup Yang Menggerunkan?’ – by

Ahmad Ali (2010)


5) List of shark and ray experts on

taxonomy and ecology in Malaysia

• Mr. Ahmad Ali

• Mr. Albert Chuan Gambang

• Mr. Abdul Haris Hilmi

• Ms. Annie Lim Pek Khiok

• Mr. Abdul Rahman Majid

• Mr. Aznan Zainal

• Mr. Nor Azman Zakaria


6) Problems on identifying sharks and

rays in Malaysia

• Lack in knowledge on how to distinguish shark and ray

till species and genus stage

• Efforts to increase understanding of the enumerator in

taxonomy has no continuity

• Provision to study sharks and rays are not provided


SUGGESTION FOR IMPROVEMENT

• Seminar and workshop regarding on sharks and rays

should be increase. Especially for the district level staff

and it must compulsory for them to participate.

• The number of expertise in taxonomy and

identification of sharks and rays should be increased.


THANK YOU

Terima Kasih

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