Forward - City of Chicago

Forward - City of Chicago

Forward - City of Chicago


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<strong>Chicago</strong><br />

<strong>Forward</strong><br />

Department <strong>of</strong> Transportation<br />

Action Agenda


<strong>City</strong> <strong>of</strong> ChiCago<br />

121 N. LaSalle Street • <strong>Chicago</strong>, Illinois 60602<br />

www.city<strong>of</strong>chicago.org • @chicagosmayor<br />

Dear Fellow <strong>Chicago</strong>ans,<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> is the city that many look to for the future — the future <strong>of</strong> the Midwest, the future <strong>of</strong> industry, and the future <strong>of</strong> the<br />

environment. Our accomplishments and progress are important not only to our residents, but to the strength <strong>of</strong> the region<br />

and the competitiveness <strong>of</strong> our nation as a whole.<br />

We have always been a city built around transportation — first water, then rail, then roads. This will continue to be true as<br />

our transportation system continues to evolve. Where we once built expressways that divided our communities, we are now<br />

reconnecting neighborhoods with new bus lanes and extensive and expanding bicycle facilities that <strong>of</strong>fer safe, green, and<br />

fit ways to travel for all ages. The substantial investments that we make in our freight rail network will ensure sustainable<br />

and reliable transport not only for the region, but the national economy as well.<br />

I’ve told my team that we need to improve our government’s efficiency, our communities’ vitality, our children’s environment<br />

and safety, and our growth as a center for commerce.<br />

“<strong>Chicago</strong> <strong>Forward</strong>” is a roadmap toward achieving this vision through concrete, measurable steps in the realm <strong>of</strong><br />

transportation: better construction, great public spaces, safer streets, and support for neighborhood and global businesses.<br />

I applaud the work <strong>of</strong> our Department <strong>of</strong> Transportation in putting forth this document as a concise digest for every<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>an to follow as we advance towards our future.<br />

Rahm Emanuel<br />



<strong>City</strong> <strong>of</strong> ChiCago<br />

30 N. LaSalle Street, Suite 1100 • <strong>Chicago</strong>, Illinois 60602<br />

www.chicagodot.org • @<strong>Chicago</strong>DOT<br />

Dear Friends,<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>’s transportation network is the envy <strong>of</strong> the nation in many ways: we are the preeminent hub <strong>of</strong> the world’s most<br />

extensive freight rail system; home to two <strong>of</strong> the nation’s busiest airports; have a well-established and well-used bicycle<br />

network; support one <strong>of</strong> the nation’s busiest transit systems; and many <strong>Chicago</strong> sidewalks bustle with activity day and<br />

night.<br />

However, we face substantial challenges too: <strong>Chicago</strong> is first in the nation for regional traffic congestion; bottlenecks disrupt<br />

and delay our freight and passenger rail services; roadway crashes cost time, money, and lives; and rates <strong>of</strong> childhood<br />

obesity are well above national averages, endangering health over a lifetime.<br />

But we are up to overcoming all <strong>of</strong> these challenges. I am honored to lead a team <strong>of</strong> the nation’s best transportation<br />

pr<strong>of</strong>essionals at CDOT. We aspire to plan, build, and maintain a transportation system that improves the quality <strong>of</strong> life for<br />

everyone in <strong>Chicago</strong> — one that is balanced to serve the needs, safety, and health <strong>of</strong> all users, regardless <strong>of</strong> how or where<br />

they are traveling, and regardless <strong>of</strong> their age or ability.<br />

“<strong>Chicago</strong> <strong>Forward</strong>” outlines the critical values and principles we aspire to as protectors <strong>of</strong> the city’s transportation network<br />

and the policies and actions that will help us continually make progress toward those ideals. It documents the specific,<br />

measurable targets that I have established for the Department and the outcomes we expect to accomplish within the next<br />

two years.<br />

I look forward to working with the citizens and leadership <strong>of</strong> the city in achieving the goals <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong> <strong>Forward</strong>. Doing so<br />

will make <strong>Chicago</strong> an even stronger economic engine and environmental leader for the next generation.<br />

Gabe Klein<br />

Commissioner, Department <strong>of</strong> Transportation

Table <strong>of</strong> ConTenTs<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> Timeline 8<br />

Vision Statement 10<br />

Mission Statement 11<br />

REWIND 12<br />


REBUILD & RENEW 26<br />





ONWARD 92<br />

Exhibit List 94<br />

7<br />

Photo Credits 96<br />

End Notes 97<br />

Policy Summary 98<br />

Acknowledgements 99<br />

This agenda has six principles, one for each point on<br />

the <strong>Chicago</strong> flag’s stars. Use the colors and the star in<br />

each upper left corner to find the pages about each<br />


CHICaGo TImelIne<br />

1673<br />

Explorers Marquette and Joliet learn about a<br />

shortcut back to Lake Michigan: a grassy<br />

portage to the <strong>Chicago</strong> River.<br />

1785<br />

The Federal Land Ordinance <strong>of</strong> 1785<br />

establishes a square-mile grid system for<br />

land in the new Midwest. <strong>Chicago</strong>’s major<br />

streets later develop on the lines <strong>of</strong> this<br />

grid.<br />

1795<br />

The U.S. acquires land at the mouth<br />

<strong>of</strong> the <strong>Chicago</strong> River to control<br />

access to the Great Lakes, building<br />

Fort Dearborn eight years later.<br />

1837<br />

<strong>City</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong> Incorporated on March 4.<br />

1848<br />

The Illinois and Michigan<br />

Canal opens; connecting the<br />

Great Lakes and the Mississippi<br />

River makes <strong>Chicago</strong> a<br />

hub for shipping and<br />

commerce. Also, the first<br />

locomotive <strong>of</strong> the Galena and<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> Union Railroad<br />

reaches <strong>Chicago</strong>.<br />

1902<br />

The “20th Century Limited”<br />

train begins 65 years <strong>of</strong><br />

express passenger service<br />

to New York. Its boarding<br />

process inspired the phrase<br />

“getting the red carpet<br />

treatment” and its iconic Art<br />

Deco locomotive from the<br />

1930s was honored on a<br />

1999 postage stamp.<br />

1908<br />

A <strong>City</strong> Council<br />

ordinance eliminates<br />

duplicate street names<br />

from annexations and<br />

renumbers buildings<br />

into the 800-to-a-mile<br />

system used today. It<br />

also establishes State<br />

and Madison as center<br />

point for directional<br />

designations, lettered<br />

Avenues on the<br />

southeast side and the<br />

alphabeticallygrouped<br />

names for<br />

North-South streets<br />

1910<br />

July 27 an ordinance<br />

requires the <strong>Chicago</strong>,<br />

Milwaukee, and St. Paul<br />

Railway to elevate its<br />

Bloomingdale Avenue<br />

Tracks to eliminate collisions<br />

with pedestrians and<br />

livestock. A century later,<br />

efforts were underway to<br />

turn the embankment into<br />

the Bloomingdale Trail.<br />

1920<br />

The Michigan<br />

Avenue Bridge<br />

(now the DuSable<br />

Bridge) opens to<br />

traffic; its sidewalk<br />

markers outline the<br />

site <strong>of</strong> Fort<br />

Dearborn.<br />

1600<br />

1700<br />

1800<br />

1900<br />

1910<br />

1920<br />

1853-1860<br />

Attorney and former congressman Abraham Lincoln<br />

regularly visits the <strong>Chicago</strong> headquarters <strong>of</strong> one <strong>of</strong> his best<br />

clients, the fast-growing Illinois Central Railroad.<br />

1869<br />

<strong>City</strong> council authorizes the construction <strong>of</strong><br />

26 miles <strong>of</strong> Boulevards.<br />

1892<br />

The first elevated train line begins<br />

operations – still used by the Green line.<br />

1895<br />

Mechanical engineer Ignaz Schwinn<br />

starts a bicycle manufacturing company,<br />

one <strong>of</strong> dozens on the West side.<br />

1918<br />

The Hotel LaSalle Parking Garage at 215<br />

W. Washington opens as the first multi-story<br />

parking garage built in the US (and perhaps<br />

the world) and stands until 2005.<br />

1897<br />

The Union Elevated railroad - today<br />

known simply as the Loop,<br />

connects four elevated rail lines.

1932<br />

Municipal (now Midway) Airport – in its 10 th<br />

year <strong>of</strong> operations becomes the world’s busiest,<br />

carrying over 100,000 passengers.<br />

1942<br />

“Dodge <strong>City</strong>” aircraft engine plant opens, making<br />

engines for the US military B-29 planes during<br />

WWII. After the war, the plant was leased to auto<br />

manufacturers (Tucker and Ford Motors). Today, Ford<br />

<strong>City</strong> Shopping Center and Tootsie Roll Industries<br />

occupy the site.<br />

1943<br />

State Street Subway opens. Work<br />

continued in wartime, despite<br />

rationing, due to its ability to<br />

cheaply move workers and to<br />

serve as a bomb shelter.<br />

1969<br />

New CTA service begins<br />

on facilities built by the<br />

<strong>City</strong> in medians <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Kennedy and Dan Ryan<br />

Expressways, creating the<br />

southern section <strong>of</strong> the<br />

modern-day Red Line and<br />

extending the modern-day<br />

Blue Line to Jefferson Park,<br />

with onward express bus<br />

service to O’Hare.<br />

1984<br />

Rapid transit service extended to O’Hare airport. Also, Honorary Street<br />

Name Ordinance passes, allowing honorees to have a street named for<br />

them without changing the <strong>of</strong>ficial street addresses.<br />

1992<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> Department<br />

<strong>of</strong> Transportation<br />

(CDOT) created during<br />

a reorganization <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Department <strong>of</strong> Public<br />

Works.<br />

1993<br />

Orange Line opens on Halloween.<br />

Also, the city secures federal<br />

congestion relief funds for public<br />

bike racks across the <strong>City</strong>, now the<br />

largest such program in the US.<br />

2012 - 2014<br />

Continue reading<br />

to <strong>Chicago</strong>’s<br />

future actions!<br />

1930<br />

1940<br />

1950<br />

1960<br />

1970<br />

1980<br />

1990<br />

2000<br />

2012<br />

1927<br />

US Route 66, the most famous highway<br />

in US history, is established. It starts at<br />

the Jackson/Michigan intersection and<br />

runs 2,400+ miles to Santa Monica,<br />

California.<br />

1925<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> Union Station opens<br />

1947<br />

The <strong>Chicago</strong> Transit Authority<br />

(CTA) is created and acquires<br />

rapid transit, streetcar and bus<br />

lines from bankrupt corporations.<br />

1958-1965<br />

Growth <strong>of</strong> the federal Interstate Highway<br />

System leads to construction <strong>of</strong> more<br />

expressways: <strong>Chicago</strong> Skyway (1958),<br />

Kennedy (1960), Dan Ryan (1962), and<br />

Stevenson (1964, on lands <strong>of</strong> the former I&M<br />

canal).<br />

1955<br />

The first commercial flight departs O’Hare<br />

Airport and the first segment <strong>of</strong> the<br />

Eisenhower Expressway opens.<br />

2008<br />

In June, Senator Barack Obama celebrates<br />

clinching his party’s presidential nomination with a<br />

family bike ride to the Lakefront. He insists on<br />

wearing a helmet to be a role model for young<br />

cyclists.<br />

2011<br />

CDOT begins work on reconstruction <strong>of</strong> 56 year<br />

old N-S Wacker Drive and finishes reconstruction <strong>of</strong><br />

the 68 year old Grand/State Red Line Station.

10<br />

VIsIonsTaTemenT<br />

“Ensure that <strong>Chicago</strong> continues to be<br />

a vibrant international city, successfully<br />

competing in the global economy with a<br />

transportation system that provides highquality<br />

service to residents, businesses,<br />

and visitors – a system that <strong>of</strong>fers a solid<br />

foundation for the city, regional and<br />

national economies, yet is sensitive to its<br />

communities and environment.”

“The <strong>Chicago</strong> Department <strong>of</strong><br />

Transportation’s mission is to keep<br />

the city’s surface transportation<br />

networks and public way<br />

safe for users, environmentally<br />

sustainable, in a state <strong>of</strong> good<br />

repair and attractive, so that<br />

its diverse residents, businesses<br />

and guests all enjoy a variety <strong>of</strong><br />

quality transportation options,<br />

regardless <strong>of</strong> ability or<br />

destination.”<br />

mIssIonsTaTemenT<br />


ReWInD<br />

Transportation has always shaped <strong>Chicago</strong> and its people.<br />

In 1795, the United States acquired land at the mouth <strong>of</strong> the <strong>Chicago</strong> River from<br />

Native Americans to serve as a portage to move boats between the Great Lakes and<br />

the Mississippi River watershed. From that site grew Fort Dearborn, which by 1837,<br />

had transformed into the first incorporated city in Illinois: <strong>Chicago</strong>.<br />

From the opening <strong>of</strong> the Illinois & Michigan Canal in 1848, through the rise <strong>of</strong> rail and<br />

air travel, <strong>Chicago</strong> has been a critical transportation link between the eastern and<br />

western United States. Transportation assets and infrastructure have created today’s<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> and will continue to shape us and the nation, in the future.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>’s transportation systems move millions <strong>of</strong> people and billions <strong>of</strong> dollars <strong>of</strong><br />

freight annually. <strong>Chicago</strong>ans make more than 8.8 million trips a day on our roads,<br />

rails, bridges and trails. More than 39 million visitors a year walk our sidewalks, and<br />

drive and bike on our streets. 1<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> is also the heart <strong>of</strong> a $500 billion regional economy, the 4th largest in the<br />

world. 2,3 About 4.5 million workers travel to and from jobs in the region every day<br />

12<br />

to support the world’s 5th most important business center (just behind London,<br />

New York, Tokyo and Singapore). 4,5 Roughly 450,000 tons <strong>of</strong> freight worth nearly<br />

$700 billion moves into, out <strong>of</strong> and through the <strong>Chicago</strong> freight system every year,<br />

representing one quarter <strong>of</strong> the nation’s daily freight rail traffic. The nation’s economic<br />

growth relies on <strong>Chicago</strong>’s economic health and continued vitality. But that economy,<br />

in turn, relies on a solid foundation <strong>of</strong> efficient and reliable transportation.<br />

This transportation backbone is so integral to our regional life and economy that we<br />

<strong>of</strong>ten only notice when this highly complex network experiences a hiccup. As Mayor<br />

Emanuel stated in his transition report, “So effective is our transportation system

that we tend to take it for granted. We assume that the “<strong>City</strong> <strong>of</strong> Broad Shoulders” can<br />

carry any load for as long as needed.”<br />

The responsibility <strong>of</strong> managing this complicated network can be overwhelming:<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> is tied for first in the nation in traffic congestion; over a hundred motorists<br />

and dozens <strong>of</strong> pedestrians and cyclists lose their lives on <strong>Chicago</strong> roads each year;<br />

hundreds <strong>of</strong> miles <strong>of</strong> roadway are in poor or very poor condition due to deferred<br />

maintenance caused by budgetary constraints; 40% <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong> Transit Authority<br />

(CTA) stations are more than 50 years old and have not had major improvements in<br />

their lifetime.<br />

After housing, transportation remains the second highest household cost for most<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> families, in excess <strong>of</strong> 17% for many, and the combined expenses for housing<br />

and transportation constitute more than half the income for many <strong>Chicago</strong>ans. This<br />

leaves little additional money for other expenses, such as quality child care, higher<br />

education, or healthy foods.<br />

While the challenges <strong>of</strong> the city’s transportation system are great, the opportunities<br />

are many. The following pages identify six principles that steer CDOT and over 170<br />

specific and measurable actions the agency will undertake over the next two years.<br />

13<br />

These actions will help to fulfill the vision for a greater <strong>Chicago</strong> articulated by Mayor<br />

Emanuel and advance prosperity for all <strong>Chicago</strong>ans, the Midwest and the nation as<br />

a whole.<br />

In this way, we will help move <strong>Chicago</strong> <strong>Forward</strong>.

Safety First


safety first<br />

Safety is paramount in a complicated transportation system where pedestrians share<br />

action agenda<br />

the right <strong>of</strong> way with fast moving vehicles, bicycles intermingle with delivery trucks,<br />

and roadways cross freight rail lines. Policies and actions to keep everyone safe<br />

must take many forms, and be addressed at multiple levels. From planning through<br />

implementation to evaluation, from education to enforcement, safety is always a<br />

priority for the city.<br />

On average, <strong>Chicago</strong> experiences roughly 3,000 crashes between motor vehicles and<br />

pedestrians resulting in 50 pedestrian deaths each year. This is safer than the 2003<br />

to 2007 period when the city had over 3,500 crashes and more than 60 pedestrian<br />

fatalities a year, and a dramatic change from 1994 when 88 pedestrians were killed in<br />

that year alone. <strong>Chicago</strong> has been making steady progress to improve transportation<br />

safety for all users, and has had fewer pedestrian fatalities per capita than most <strong>of</strong><br />

its peer cities.<br />

But every life lost is one too many.<br />

The <strong>Chicago</strong> Department <strong>of</strong> Transportation will take action to promote safety at every<br />

16<br />

level <strong>of</strong> project development and through multiple avenues <strong>of</strong> outreach. Planning,<br />

evaluation, and budget programming provide a firm foundation for ensuring continuous<br />

improvement in safety performance, while thoughtful and innovative design <strong>of</strong> each<br />

individual project improves overall system safety. Education and enforcement are<br />

also critical components to ensure that users <strong>of</strong> the system understand their role and<br />

responsibility in public safety.

Performance Measures<br />

1. Eliminate all pedestrian, bicycle, and overall<br />

traffic crash fatalities within 10 years.<br />

[ Safety is paramount. ]<br />

2. Reduce pedestrian and bicycle crash injuries,<br />

each by 50% within 5 years.<br />

3. Reduce total roadway crashes and injuries from<br />

all roadway crashes, each by 10% every year.<br />

4. Increase by 5% annually, the total number <strong>of</strong><br />

adults and children who receive in-person<br />

safety education.<br />


safety first<br />

action agenda<br />

1<br />

P olicies +<br />

A ctions<br />

Evaluation: Gather and use data to assess the root causes <strong>of</strong><br />

transportation safety hazards and address them in a systematic and<br />

sustainable way.<br />

Data collection, evaluation and analysis are critical to understanding where, how and why certain<br />

conditions or practices cause safety hazards for users <strong>of</strong> the transportation system. Although rich<br />

sources <strong>of</strong> transportation data exist, not all <strong>of</strong> these data sets are currently available to CDOT.<br />

Comprehensive network-wide analysis and data review will assist in determining where strategic<br />

interventions can be made in one part <strong>of</strong> the system to improve overall operations and safety in<br />

the broader network. One key piece <strong>of</strong> the puzzle was completed in 2011 as CDOT finalized and<br />

published an analysis <strong>of</strong> all crashes involving pedestrians from 2005 through 2009.<br />

CDOT is called upon to conduct over 400 location-specific traffic studies each year to address issues<br />

with vehicular, pedestrian, and/or bicyclist safety. However, many times, the underlying cause <strong>of</strong><br />

the safety hazard is elsewhere in the system and can only be determined and addressed through<br />

a broader area-wide study. CDOT will need to be proactive in identifying needs for such studies.<br />

For these, and the site-specific analyses that will continue to be necessary, new funding sources will<br />

need to be identified.<br />

18<br />

[<br />

CDOT conducts<br />

over 400<br />

location-specific<br />

traffic studies<br />

each year.<br />


NEW YORK<br />


STON<br />





The frequency <strong>of</strong> pedestrian fatalities<br />


in <strong>Chicago</strong> LOS have ANGELES fallen dramatically<br />

SAN JOSE<br />

in recent HOUSTON years. However, DALLAS total annual<br />

DIEGO pedestrian SAN ANTONIO crashes have not decreased<br />


by nearly as much, and even saw<br />

1.5 increases 2 over 2.5 the same 3 period. 3.5<br />

SH FATALITY RATE [2005 - 2009]<br />

SHES<br />

1 » Actions<br />

a. Annually evaluate the top 10 crash locations<br />

in the city and implement quick, low-cost<br />

improvements while also seeking funding for<br />

more comprehensive changes.<br />

b. Analyze all fatal crashes involving pedestrians<br />

or bicycles.<br />

c. Seek opportunities for comprehensive,<br />

larger area neighborhood traffic studies to<br />

improve safety, address cut-through traffic,<br />

and reduce driving speeds to create livable<br />

neighborhoods.<br />

d. Establish a sign reflectivity assessment and<br />

management system to comply with upcoming<br />

federal requirements for regulatory and<br />

warning signs.<br />

1. <strong>City</strong>-Wide Pedestrian<br />

Crash Trends<br />




70<br />

60<br />

50<br />

40<br />

30<br />

40<br />

35<br />

30<br />

25<br />

e. Establish an intergovernmental agreement with<br />

Argonne National Lab to access its traffic<br />

simulation model (TRANSIMS) for local and<br />

citywide analysis.<br />

f. Complete a bicycle safety study in<br />

collaboration with the University <strong>of</strong> Illinois-<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>.<br />

g. Develop a red light and speed enforcement<br />

placement model to ensure that the city’s<br />

automated enforcement program does<br />

everything it can to protect <strong>Chicago</strong> residents.<br />

40%<br />




20%<br />

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009<br />

2005 2006 2007 2008 2009<br />

-47.7%<br />

-8.1%<br />


As a part <strong>of</strong> a federally-funded initiative to improve pedestrian safety,<br />

CDOT completed a comprehensive analysis <strong>of</strong> pedestrian crashes within<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>. This study, which examined pedestrian crashes from 2005-2009,<br />

found that the city has experienced a 9% reduction in crashes since 2005,<br />

and a 21% reduction since 2001.<br />

In 2009, <strong>Chicago</strong> had its lowest pedestrian fatality rate in 15 years, which<br />

was also the fifth-lowest pedestrian fatality rate among large U.S. cities. The<br />

number <strong>of</strong> pedestrian crashes, on average, is still over 3,000 per year, or<br />

more than eight per day.<br />

Over 17,000 crashes involving pedestrian fatalities or injuries were examined<br />

in this study. Below are some <strong>of</strong> the study’s findings:<br />

• Hit-and-run crashes were more common in <strong>Chicago</strong> than other major<br />

cities and comprised 33% <strong>of</strong> all crashes, with an average <strong>of</strong> two<br />

every day. Among fatal crashes, about 40% in <strong>Chicago</strong> were hitand-run,<br />

compared to 20% nationwide.<br />

• The most typical pedestrian action at the time <strong>of</strong> the crash was<br />

lawfully “crossing with the signal.”<br />

• Thursday had the most crashes, while Saturday had the least.<br />

• Crashes most <strong>of</strong>ten occurred 3-6 pm, with 6-9 pm next worst.<br />

However, almost half <strong>of</strong> crashes with senior citizens injured were<br />

between 9 am and 3 pm.<br />

• Taxis were involved in 28% <strong>of</strong> crashes with pedestrians in the Central<br />

Area.<br />

• Turning vehicles were involved in a large portion <strong>of</strong> pedestrian<br />

crashes: 66% in the Central Area and 52% at signalized intersections<br />

citywide.<br />

• Vehicles turning left were two to three times more dangerous than<br />

vehicles turning right.<br />

• Four <strong>of</strong> the top twenty crash locations were located along a twomile<br />

stretch <strong>of</strong> 79th Street. Most <strong>of</strong> the others occurred in a band<br />

<strong>of</strong> communities from Austin, east to the Loop and Near North Side.<br />


safety first<br />

action agenda<br />

2<br />

Engineering: Develop standards and complete<br />

designs to ensure the safety <strong>of</strong> all users,<br />

including pedestrians, cyclists, motorists,<br />

children, seniors, and people with disabilities.<br />

We must ensure that our streets are safe and are designed for all<br />

users. This is a fundamental element <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong>’s Complete Streets<br />

policy (read more on page 42), because unsafe choices <strong>of</strong> travel are<br />

not really choices at all.<br />

The elements <strong>of</strong> street design such as geometry, visibility, maintenance,<br />

2 » Actions<br />

a. Develop strategies, an action plan, and<br />

funding resources to begin transformation <strong>of</strong><br />

residential streets to a 20 mph standard.<br />

b. Adopt formal design and site selection<br />

standards for pedestrian facilities such as<br />

mid-block crossings, signs, refuge islands and<br />

crosswalks for use in <strong>Chicago</strong> and integrate<br />

into Complete Streets guidelines.<br />

c. Install countdown pedestrian signals at<br />

300 intersections in 2012 and, if funding is<br />

signs, landscaping, and technology, can make the difference<br />

available, 100 more intersections in 2013.<br />

between what is safe and unsafe at intersections, at driveways, and<br />

in travel lanes. Developing standards for these designs will make<br />

these improvements better, faster, and less expensive. In all <strong>of</strong> these<br />

efforts, it is particularly important to make sure the most vulnerable<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>ans are safe.<br />

d. Install Leading Pedestrian Intervals (LPI) at<br />

100 intersections in 2012 and, if funding is<br />

available, 100 more intersections in 2013.<br />

e. Develop policies and standards for bicycle<br />

signals and leading bicycle intervals, deploy<br />

at least 10 pilot locations in conjunction with<br />

20<br />

[<br />

Design safe<br />

streets for all<br />

users.<br />


protected bike lanes, and collect data for<br />

evaluation.<br />

f. Install 10 pedestrian refuge islands per year at<br />

locations recommended by Aldermen through<br />

the “menu” capital improvement program.<br />

g. Expand the use <strong>of</strong> in-street “State Law: Stop for<br />

Pedestrians” signs, speed indicator signs, and<br />

related devices through the Aldermanic “menu”<br />

capital program.<br />

h. Adopt a policy on the use <strong>of</strong> Accessible<br />

Pedestrian Signals (APS).<br />



The Damen-Elston-Fullerton intersection has <strong>of</strong>ten been<br />

one <strong>of</strong> the ten most dangerous intersections in the city,<br />

with as many as 100 crashes in a year. Its skewed, sixpoint,<br />

three-signal orientation challenges turning vehicles<br />

and <strong>of</strong>ten results in poor judgment by drivers. The<br />

short distance between signals limits storage space for<br />

turning vehicles, the corners are too sharp for turning<br />

buses and trucks, and pedestrian and bicycle facilities<br />

are inadequate.<br />

After evaluating alternatives that would either simply<br />

modernize signals or build an overpass or tunnel for<br />

Fullerton traffic, a more creative option was chosen.<br />

It will relocate Elston Avenue (the diagonal street) to<br />

bypass the current intersection, creating three separate<br />

signalized four-point intersections. Access will be<br />

maintained to businesses and homes facing the bypassed<br />

section <strong>of</strong> Elston by converting it to a narrower<br />

local street.<br />

This design has several benefits:<br />

• Improved safety: Significant reduction <strong>of</strong><br />

potential vehicle conflicts and driver confusion,<br />

resulting in fewer opportunities for crashes.<br />

21<br />

• Minimal inconvenience during<br />

construction: The majority <strong>of</strong> the project can<br />

be built while the existing intersection continues<br />

to operate.<br />

• Bicycle and Pedestrian Infrastructure:<br />

Improved pedestrian and bicycle facilities,<br />

including a new continuous bike lane along<br />

Elston.<br />

• Assist with future growth: Enhances<br />

2. Rendering <strong>of</strong> Damen-Elston-Fullerton proposed alignment<br />

economic development potential along the<br />

corridor with a new face-lift for the area.

safety first<br />

action agenda<br />

3<br />

Enforcement: Partner with sister agencies<br />

to refocus enforcement efforts to protect<br />

the safety <strong>of</strong> all users, particularly the most<br />

vulnerable.<br />

While it would be nice if everyone complied with safety regulations<br />

all <strong>of</strong> the time, the fact is many <strong>of</strong> us are <strong>of</strong>ten tempted to try to push<br />

the limits <strong>of</strong> safe behavior. Enforcement is a necessary reminder<br />

that these laws are a social compact with one another that can<br />

keep our entire community safe. For example, our network <strong>of</strong> redlight<br />

cameras has helped reduce angle (“T-Bone”) crashes by 29%<br />

in the two years after installation compared to the two-year period<br />

prior to installation.<br />

[<br />

Eliminate<br />

all fatalities<br />

{ped + bike}<br />

in 10 years.<br />

[<br />

And speed matters. The difference between a motorist speeding<br />

at 40 mph and a driver observing the typical city speed limit <strong>of</strong> 30<br />

mph, is not just one <strong>of</strong> braking time, it can be a matter <strong>of</strong> life and<br />

death. A pedestrian hit by a car at 40 mph has a 15% chance <strong>of</strong><br />

survival; at 30 mph, the odds <strong>of</strong> survival increase to 55%. At 20<br />

22<br />

mph, although injuries may be likely, the survival rate increases<br />

to 95%.<br />

Chance a person would survive if hit by a car travelling at this speed<br />

STOP<br />

20 mph 45 ft to<br />

95%<br />

30 mph<br />

85 ft to<br />

STOP<br />

55%<br />

40 mph<br />

145 ft to<br />

STOP<br />

15%<br />

3. Vehicle and Pedestrian Collision Speed Survival Percentage

3 » Actions<br />

a. Continue the use <strong>of</strong> the red-light automated<br />

enforcement program.<br />

b. Begin automated speed enforcement in<br />

designated Safety Zones around schools and<br />

parks.<br />

c. Conduct targeted enforcement efforts 100<br />

times a year in different parts <strong>of</strong> the city, in<br />

partnership with the Police Department and<br />

Aldermen.<br />

O’Hare<br />

Airport<br />

Irving Park Rd<br />

North Ave<br />

d. Work with the Police Department to integrate<br />

greater enforcement <strong>of</strong> pedestrian and bicycle<br />

protection regulations into <strong>of</strong>ficers’ regular<br />

Central Ave<br />

Madison St<br />

duties and activities.<br />

e. Encourage the assignment <strong>of</strong> bicycle and<br />

Cermak Rd<br />

Lake<br />

Michigan<br />

pedestrian safety coordinators and trainers<br />

within the Police Department.<br />

Pulaski Rd<br />

Western Ave<br />

Halsted St<br />

47th St<br />

Midway<br />

Airport<br />

63rd St<br />

23<br />

79th St<br />

95th St<br />

4. Red-Light Camera Locations

safety first<br />

action agenda<br />

4<br />

Education: Promote awareness to all residents and travelers<br />

on safe habits to decrease transportation risks and increase<br />

safe, efficient, and enjoyable travel in the city.<br />

Education may not always be visible to the general public, but it is one <strong>of</strong> the most<br />

effective ways to ensure safety for all. When we learn and remember to travel in<br />

ways that are considerate and reduce risk, fewer crashes (and close calls) are the<br />

result and our transportation system operates more reliably and efficiently.<br />

4 » Actions<br />

a. Increase the number <strong>of</strong> schools, parks and<br />

events visited each year by ambassador<br />

programs (see table) to expand pedestrian<br />

and bicycle safety education for children and<br />

adults.<br />

b. As a result <strong>of</strong> ambassador programs, increase<br />

the number <strong>of</strong> schools that get a second,<br />

message-reinforcing, visit and increase the<br />

Education is truly a community effort. CDOT and our many partner agencies have<br />

a remarkable track record <strong>of</strong> education, including the Bicycle Ambassadors and<br />

Junior Ambassadors program and the more recent Safe Routes Ambassadors<br />

program. Year after year, seat belt and bike helmet usage increase, pedestrian<br />

injuries and fatalities decrease, and students walking or biking to school travel<br />

safer. Building on these successes will make <strong>Chicago</strong> even safer.<br />

number <strong>of</strong> people receiving context-based<br />

practice.<br />

c. Conduct media safety education campaigns<br />

targeting drivers, cyclists and pedestrians,<br />

including the issue <strong>of</strong> distracted driving.<br />

d. Expand specialized outreach trainings on nonmotorized<br />

traveler safety.<br />

» Provide at least five trainings for non-English<br />

pr<strong>of</strong>icient populations, including at least two<br />

in Spanish.<br />

» Provide trainings for taxi drivers and city fleet<br />

drivers.<br />

24<br />

» Increase the number <strong>of</strong> trainings for senior<br />

citizens.<br />

e. Use the <strong>Chicago</strong> Conservation Corps (C3)<br />

and other programs to support volunteer-led<br />

events and training that promotes bike and<br />

pedestrian safety at the grassroots level.<br />

f. Distribute bike helmets to members <strong>of</strong><br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>’s new bikesharing system who need<br />

them.<br />

[<br />

Education is truly a<br />

community effort.<br />


Bike Ambassadors 2010 2011<br />

Safe Routes<br />

Ambassadors<br />

‘09 - ’10 ‘10 - ‘11<br />

2012<br />

(projected)<br />

Total Events 368 399 420<br />

People Educated 60,050 61,180 63,000<br />

Target Enforcement 47 62 75<br />

People Stopped in<br />

Enforcement Event<br />

9,000 13,000 16,000<br />

Park District Day Camps 147 165 180<br />

Youth + Kids Educated 15,000 16,000 18,000<br />

‘11 - ‘12<br />

(goal)<br />

Number <strong>of</strong> Schools 94 104 120<br />

Number <strong>of</strong> Students 8,329 9,921 11,600<br />

Schools visited twice 10 70 85<br />

Students visited twice 643 6,400 7,600<br />

Students receiving<br />

context-based practice<br />

413 4,578 6,600<br />


The city <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong>’s Bicycling Ambassadors and Safe Routes Ambassadors encourage <strong>Chicago</strong>ans <strong>of</strong> all ages to<br />

bike and walk more <strong>of</strong>ten and to do so safely. Together, the ambassadors total more than 500 visits each year to<br />

events and schools throughout the city.<br />

The Bike Ambassadors attend community events and staff key cycling locations from May through September.<br />

Large numbers <strong>of</strong> people see them on the busy Lakefront Trail as they provide maps and cycling information and<br />

answer cycling-related questions, but more <strong>of</strong>ten they are on assignment to give safety presentations to groups <strong>of</strong><br />

kids, teens or adults.<br />

During “Share the Road Campaign” events (51 in 2011), ambassadors stop cyclists who run red lights or ride on<br />

sidewalks to educate them on safer cycling; at some events they <strong>of</strong>fer donated headlights to cyclists without them.<br />

They also educate motorists about sharing the road with cyclists and pedestrians.<br />

For six weeks in the summer, they are joined by the Junior Ambassadors. These twelve teenagers, graduates <strong>of</strong><br />

an After School Matters bike safety and repair class, are sponsored by the <strong>Chicago</strong> Park District. Together, they teach<br />

safe cycling to young campers at 165 Park District Day Camps.<br />

During events, Bike Ambassadors conduct helmet fits (1,186 in 2011) for kids and adults. If not properly fit, helmets<br />

can slide out <strong>of</strong> position during a crash and fail in their crucial role to reduce head and brain injuries, and even<br />

fatalities.<br />

The breadth <strong>of</strong> the Bike Ambassadors’ efforts can be measured by the nearly 400 events attended each summer;<br />

the five languages in which brochures are available (English, Spanish, Polish, Korean and Chinese); and the 15-60<br />

miles the ambassadors bike on <strong>Chicago</strong>’s streets and trails each day, going from event to event, materials in tow on<br />

a bike trailer.<br />

The Safe Route Ambassadors have a different focus, but an equally important task. They visit over 100 elementary<br />

schools each school year, teaching pedestrian safety to second graders and cycling safety to fifth graders. After<br />

classroom presentations on the first visit, they <strong>of</strong>ten return to conduct outdoor workshops with students, reinforcing<br />

and expanding on the material and skills taught in class.<br />

25<br />

In addition to providing elementary school programming, the Safe Routes Ambassadors work with high school<br />

driver’s education classes to teach about sharing the road, driving safely around bicyclists and pedestrians, and<br />

making smart transportation choices.<br />

The elementary and high school programming is <strong>of</strong>fered to every school in <strong>Chicago</strong>, public and private. At some<br />

public schools, the Safe Routes Ambassadors also provide comprehensive Safe Routes to School programming to<br />

close the gap between safety learned in the classroom and at home, and to help schools address barriers to safe<br />

walking and biking in their community.<br />

To invite these energetic safety educators to your summer event or elementary school, or to just learn more, visit<br />

www.bicyclingambassadors.org or www.saferoutesambassadors.org.

Rebuild & Renew


ebuild & renew<br />

Over its history, <strong>Chicago</strong> has invested billions <strong>of</strong> dollars in its transportation<br />

action agenda<br />

infrastructure. Just like a home or car, keeping that investment in excellent<br />

condition is essential to maintaining its value and avoiding more expensive<br />

repairs in the future.<br />

Asset preservation is a critical activity for CDOT and one <strong>of</strong> the smartest<br />

investments the city can make. Preservation takes a range <strong>of</strong> forms, from<br />

routine maintenance, such as repainting lines or patching potholes, all<br />

the way to full reconstruction <strong>of</strong> a street or bridge that has reached the<br />

end <strong>of</strong> its useful life. Each project presents an opportunity to build better<br />

than before; use newer technologies, add more sustainable materials, or<br />

Asset<br />

preservation<br />

[is critical.<br />

[<br />

implement better management practices.<br />

CDOT relies on its in-house tradesmen to perform regular, routine<br />

maintenance. In an average year, these tradesmen resurface 60 miles <strong>of</strong><br />

residential streets; resurface hundreds <strong>of</strong> blocks <strong>of</strong> residential alleys; repaint<br />

over 11,500 pavement markings (at about 1,400 intersections); construct<br />

2,000 ADA ramps; raise and lower bridges over 20,000 times; and fill<br />

28<br />

between 400,000 and 700,000 potholes. While 60 miles <strong>of</strong> resurfacing<br />

sounds like a large number, alone it means that at that rate–CDOT would<br />

only be able to resurface the city’s over 6,000 miles <strong>of</strong> residential streets<br />

just once every century. More resources are necessary.<br />

Improving the maintenance <strong>of</strong> our infrastructure is one <strong>of</strong> the smartest<br />

investments we can make. We intend to get the most out <strong>of</strong> facilities and<br />

this will only be possible by ensuring that maintenance is a part <strong>of</strong> all<br />

decision making processes. We can’t just build infrastructure; we need to<br />

build everything to last.

Performance Measures<br />

1. Increase the percentage <strong>of</strong> major streets with a<br />

Pavement Condition Index <strong>of</strong> 50 or less (out <strong>of</strong><br />

100) in the last evaluation that have since been<br />

resurfaced.<br />

2. Increase the percentage <strong>of</strong> bridges with a<br />

Bridge Condition Index <strong>of</strong> 3 (out <strong>of</strong> 9) in the<br />

last evaluation, that have since been repaired or<br />

replaced.<br />

3. Reduce the net number <strong>of</strong> potholes reported<br />

each winter and each fiscal year (July-June).<br />

4. Increase the percentage <strong>of</strong> sidewalk ramps in<br />

compliance with current standards.<br />

29<br />

One <strong>of</strong> 20,000<br />

bridge openings by<br />

[CDOT each year.<br />


ebuild & renew<br />

action agenda<br />

1<br />

Make<br />

it last with maintenance.<br />

Maintenance rarely draws the big headlines when done well. But<br />

as finances tighten, maintenance <strong>of</strong> our infrastructure is too <strong>of</strong>ten<br />

deferred. Over time, these deferrals lead to a degradation <strong>of</strong> the<br />

quality <strong>of</strong> our infrastructure. By the time this degradation becomes<br />

noticeable, it has also become more expensive to fix, which leads<br />

to a system that can be unattractive, unclear, uncomfortable, or<br />

potentially, even unsafe.<br />

P olicies +<br />

A ctions<br />

On-time, scheduled maintenance is necessary to ensure that all<br />

infrastructure will last the full duration <strong>of</strong> its construction life – as<br />

much as 80 years in the case <strong>of</strong> many <strong>of</strong> our roadways and bridges.<br />

This makes not only good financial sense in terms <strong>of</strong> making the most<br />

<strong>of</strong> our past investments, but also good environmental sense in terms<br />

<strong>of</strong> minimizing waste and energy use.<br />

30<br />

Streets have<br />

a life-span <strong>of</strong><br />

up to<br />

[80 years.<br />


1 » Actions<br />

a. Commit to filling every pothole generated<br />

by <strong>Chicago</strong>’s winter before the start <strong>of</strong> the<br />

next winter and providing short-term repairs<br />

as quickly as possible during the winter to<br />

minimize further damage.<br />

b. Explore new technologies to determine<br />

whether pothole repair can be done faster<br />

and/or more affordably.<br />

c. Update the Pavement Condition Index ratings<br />

by 2013, then begin a program to resurface<br />

the roads in greatest need <strong>of</strong> repair.<br />

i. Continue to keep landscaped sections <strong>of</strong><br />

public way - including medians, boulevards,<br />

and plazas - attractive and lively.<br />

j. Partner with the Department <strong>of</strong> Streets and<br />

Sanitation to ensure that protected bike lanes<br />

are kept just as clear <strong>of</strong> snow and debris as<br />

the adjacent vehicle lanes.<br />


The variety <strong>of</strong> landscaping in the public way is the<br />

most fragile infrastructure maintained by CDOT. It is<br />

near the edge <strong>of</strong> the street, surrounded by traffic, inundated<br />

by emissions, exposed to the extremes <strong>of</strong> heat<br />

and cold, and bombarded with road salt de-icers in<br />

the winter. All <strong>of</strong> these challenges make plant selection<br />

critical for landscape projects. For this reason, CDOT<br />

has developed an urban-tolerant plant list from which<br />

designers select resilient plant varieties. These planted<br />

areas reduce the city’s heat island effect, increase the<br />

ability to capture storm water, add much needed biomass<br />

to help clean the air, and provide a more livable<br />

environment for city residents.<br />

d. Begin engineering <strong>of</strong> improvements by 2013<br />

for all bridges with a Bridge Condition Index<br />

<strong>of</strong> 3 or less (on a 1-9 scale), unless closed or<br />

removed.<br />

e. Refresh pavement markings annually on at<br />

least 100 miles <strong>of</strong> major (arterial or collector)<br />

streets, and 800 locations on local streets.<br />

f. Support the CTA as they upgrade track and<br />

related elements on the Blue Line’s O’Hare<br />

branch to eliminate all remaining slow zones.<br />

g. Renew 125 miles <strong>of</strong> existing on-street<br />

bikeways by 2014, updating configurations as<br />

necessary.<br />

h. Replace sidewalks at 700 residences each<br />

year as part <strong>of</strong> the Shared Cost Sidewalk<br />

Program. In this program, home owners pay<br />

significantly less than what a private contractor<br />

would charge. (Senior citizens and people<br />

with disabilities may qualify for a further<br />

discount.)<br />

One <strong>of</strong> the largest <strong>of</strong> CDOT’s landscape projects is the<br />

construction and maintenance <strong>of</strong> the Landscape Median<br />

Program. Currently, CDOT maintains 73 miles<br />

<strong>of</strong> medians and installs new landscaping at a rate <strong>of</strong><br />

three to five miles each year. Medians in the central<br />

third <strong>of</strong> the city are maintained by The <strong>Chicago</strong> Christian<br />

Industrial League (CCIL) as part <strong>of</strong> a job-training<br />

program that <strong>of</strong>fers a trade to homeless individuals<br />

and those with substance abuse problems. Graduates<br />

<strong>of</strong> the program get job placement with landscape firms<br />

throughout the region.<br />


ebuild & renew<br />

action agenda<br />

2<br />

Fix it first and build it better.<br />

At some point, any piece <strong>of</strong> infrastructure will eventually require reconstruction<br />

or major rehabilitation. This presents a tremendous opportunity to modernize<br />

the infrastructure through the use <strong>of</strong> new materials and better management<br />

techniques. CDOT is currently at work on several large scale reconstruction<br />

2 » Actions<br />

a. Finish the Wacker Drive construction project<br />

and open both Lower and Upper Wacker<br />

Drive by the end <strong>of</strong> 2012.<br />

b. Resurface 100 miles <strong>of</strong> arterial streets by June<br />

2013 to catch up on unmet needs and reduce<br />

projects that will ensure <strong>Chicago</strong> is able to meet the demands <strong>of</strong> the decades<br />

potholes.<br />

ahead.<br />

c. Remove obsolete (and costly-to-maintain)<br />

60’s-era roadway overpasses at Western<br />

Avenue over Belmont and at Ashland Avenue<br />

over Pershing Road and replace each with<br />

attractive, modernized intersections that meet<br />

Complete Streets standards.<br />

d. Rebuild the Wells Street Bridge over the<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> River - which carries CTA Brown<br />

Line trains, vehicles, bikes and pedestrian - by<br />

2013.<br />

e. Complete reconstruction <strong>of</strong> the historic, sevendecade–old<br />

Torrence Avenue vertical lift<br />

bridge over the Calumet River by fall 2012.<br />

32<br />

f. Complete reconstruction projects underway by<br />

summer 2012:<br />

Existing Historic Torrence Bridge - Reconstruction beginning in 2012<br />

» LaSalle Drive in Lincoln Park - including<br />

improvements to its pedestrian underpass.<br />

» Halsted Street Bridge over the North Branch<br />

<strong>of</strong> the <strong>Chicago</strong> River –including floor beams,<br />

lateral bracing, sidewalk grating and truss<br />

repairs. (The sister bridge over the North<br />

Branch Channel was replaced with a<br />

signature, fixed tiered arch bridge in 2011.)<br />

» Ogden Avenue from Fulton to Randolph -<br />

including improved clearance under the CTA<br />

Proposed Lakefront Trail access bridge at 35th Street<br />

Green Line.

» Laramie Viaduct at Polk Street.<br />

g. Renew and replace infrastructure in <strong>Chicago</strong>’s<br />

parks:<br />

» Construction by 2013 <strong>of</strong> shoreline<br />

revetments (replacing the retaining wall<br />

at Lake Michigan and adjacent surfaces)<br />

at three locations: 43rd to 45th Streets,<br />

Montrose to Irving Park Road, and Fullerton<br />

Avenue by Theatre on the Lake.<br />

» Complete the design for a new pedestrian/<br />

bicycle access bridge to the Lakefront Trail<br />

at 35th Street; remove the aging pedestrianonly<br />

structure at that location; then start<br />

building the new bridge in 2013.<br />

» Rebuild the Fullerton Avenue Bridge over<br />

Lincoln Park Lagoon in 2012.<br />

» Rebuild the Kedzie Avenue Bridge over<br />

Marquette Park Lagoon in 2012.<br />

h. Begin concept design for rebuilding North<br />

Lake Shore Drive from Grand to Hollywood.<br />

Wacker Drive - Upper Level Construction<br />



Wacker Drive was included in the original Burnham<br />

Plan <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong> and traverses <strong>Chicago</strong>’s Central Business<br />

District. One <strong>of</strong> its unique features is its two-level<br />

viaduct which separates commercial trucking, deliveries<br />

and through traffic from upper level traffic.<br />

In 2012, CDOT will enter the second and final phase<br />

<strong>of</strong> a $300 million reconstruction <strong>of</strong> Wacker Drive from<br />

Lake Street to Congress Parkway. The first phase <strong>of</strong> this<br />

extremely complex project was completed on time and<br />

within budget.<br />

The project incorporates numerous pedestrian safety<br />

accommodations, including center island pedestrian<br />

refuges, decreased roadway lane widths, countdown<br />

signal timers, ADA-compliant ramps, and other geometric<br />

improvements to accommodate the 100,000<br />

pedestrians that cross Wacker Drive each day.<br />

Additionally, the ramps that form the Wacker Drive<br />

Interchange with Congress Parkway will be rebuilt<br />

below grade and topped with a new three-and-a-half<br />

acre <strong>Chicago</strong> Park District park.<br />

i. Begin design <strong>of</strong> the Wells-Wentworth<br />

Connector between Roosevelt and Cermak<br />

Roads.<br />

33<br />

NOTE: Additional actions to build and rebuild CTA<br />

stations, such as the reconstruction <strong>of</strong> the Clark/<br />

Division Station on the Red Line - are named on Page<br />

47, in the Choices for <strong>Chicago</strong> chapter.

ebuild & renew<br />

action agenda<br />

3<br />

Inspect<br />

and coordinate.<br />

There are demands on our public right <strong>of</strong> ways from many<br />

different users: public utilities, private corporations, individual<br />

residents, and local businesses.<br />

Over the next 10-20 years, the city will experience 700<br />

miles <strong>of</strong> water main and sewer improvements, 2,000<br />

miles <strong>of</strong> gas main replacement, 1,000 miles <strong>of</strong> electrical<br />

cable replacement and more utility improvements. With<br />

proper inspection, planning and coordination, all <strong>of</strong> this<br />

work can be completed without significant degradation<br />

<strong>of</strong> our infrastructure, additional public expense, or great<br />

inconveniences to users.<br />


3 » Actions<br />

a. Restructure CDOT to improve coordination<br />

and oversight <strong>of</strong> underground utilities and the<br />

restoration <strong>of</strong> roadway cuts.<br />

b. Improve timeliness for the restoration <strong>of</strong><br />

“plumber’s cuts” by utilities to within 14 days<br />

after completion <strong>of</strong> work.<br />

c. Add at least three new public way inspectors.<br />

d. Invest in technology to streamline and improve<br />

the inspection process in the field (such as<br />

smartphone, GIS tagging or See Click Fix-type<br />

efforts).<br />

e. Adopt web-based tools for utility coordination<br />

and public space coordination between city<br />

agencies.<br />



Coordinating utility investments minimizes disruptions<br />

to residents and commerce and saves money. CDOT’s<br />

Office <strong>of</strong> Underground Coordination (OUC) works to<br />

make sure that happens.<br />

OUC is responsible for protecting the city’s surface<br />

and subsurface infrastructure from damage by construction<br />

and maintenance projects. One way it accommodates<br />

this is the “DIGGER” service, where project<br />

designers get information from all utilities in one<br />

request. The OUC also reviews plans to assure that<br />

construction work in or adjacent to the Public Way<br />

does not conflict with existing utilities.<br />

Contractors working in the Public Way will now be<br />

held to a higher level <strong>of</strong> accountability when restoring<br />

streets after construction. New s<strong>of</strong>tware will be used to<br />

better minimize utility company conflicts. Both will reduce<br />

the impacts <strong>of</strong> utility work on our neighborhoods.<br />

A variety <strong>of</strong> public and private utilities participate in<br />

the DIGGER program, including:<br />

• Natural Gas Companies<br />

• ComEd<br />

• Thermal <strong>Chicago</strong> (Chilled Water)<br />

35<br />

• CDOT Electrical Operations<br />

• <strong>Chicago</strong> Dept. <strong>of</strong> Water Management<br />

The utility paint color identifies the utility type<br />

below - Orange is telephone and Cable T.V.

ebuild & renew<br />

action agenda<br />

4Seek equitable and reliable resources for these efforts.<br />

Metropolitan <strong>Chicago</strong> is home to almost two-thirds <strong>of</strong> the state’s population and pays nearly twothirds<br />

<strong>of</strong> Illinois’ gas tax revenues, yet it receives less than half <strong>of</strong> these funds for transportation<br />

improvements. In today’s economic climate, it is critical to the future <strong>of</strong> Illinois, and in some respects,<br />

the whole Midwest, that <strong>Chicago</strong> be strong and that our transportation systems be competitive<br />

globally. A strong <strong>Chicago</strong> translates to a greater competitive advantage for the whole state.<br />

65%<br />

Transportation drives economy – both literally and figuratively – and the state must equitably invest in<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>’s economy. Some transportation funding distribution formulas are decades-old and do not<br />

reflect today’s conditions and needs. With the nation rethinking transportation funding and debating<br />

a new transportation authorization bill, it is also time for the state to review existing practices.<br />

45% $<br />

[<br />

300,000 motorists pass through<br />

the circle interchange each day.<br />

[<br />

5. 55/45 Split for Illinois<br />

Transportation Funding<br />

Despite having 65% <strong>of</strong> the state’s<br />

population, our region receives<br />

only 45% <strong>of</strong> the state’s road<br />

funding.<br />


4 » Actions<br />

47 th Street in Bronzeville<br />

a. Work through the <strong>Chicago</strong> Metropolitan<br />

Agency for Planning (CMAP) and the<br />

Metropolitan Mayor’s Caucus to eliminate the<br />

archaic entitlement-based formula distribution<br />

<strong>of</strong> state/federal funds in favor <strong>of</strong> need-based<br />

allocations.<br />

b. Encourage the Illinois Department <strong>of</strong><br />

Transportation (IDOT) to remove the arbitrary<br />

cap placed on Safe Routes to School funding;<br />

instead, apply the formula the federal<br />

government uses in providing the funding to<br />

states (i.e., by number <strong>of</strong> school-age children<br />

enrolled).<br />

c. Determine the amount <strong>of</strong> funds needed for high<br />

safety risk location improvements and identify<br />

additional, dedicated funding sources beyond<br />

the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA)<br />

discretionary Highway Safety Improvement<br />

Program.<br />

Bryn Mawr Avenue in Edgewater<br />

d. Establish a city transportation enterprise fund to<br />

support continuous and reliable transportation<br />

investments in our local system.<br />

37<br />

Milwaukee Avenue in Wicker Park

Choices for Chica

go<br />



choices for chicago<br />

Americans love choice and <strong>Chicago</strong>ans are no different. We like to choose where we<br />

action agenda<br />

live, what we eat, and how we travel. Fortunately, when it comes to transportation,<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> has a rich variety <strong>of</strong> choices: it is as easy to hop on a bike to reach Navy Pier<br />

as it is to dash around the Loop on an elevated train. It is generally pleasant and safe<br />

to walk whether you are eight years old or eighty. People can choose how they get<br />

around <strong>Chicago</strong> and choose a different way on a different day.<br />

These choices have a much larger impact than simply how fast we get to our<br />

destinations; they can also affect our health and our economy.<br />

Vehicle emissions contribute to poor air quality. This can lead to asthma and other<br />

respiratory problems, which afflict more than 650,000 children and adults in<br />

metropolitan <strong>Chicago</strong>. More than a third <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong> children and a whopping 60%<br />

<strong>of</strong> adult residents are either overweight or clinically obese, due in part to lack <strong>of</strong><br />

physical activity.<br />

The availability <strong>of</strong> transportation choices also contributes to the amount <strong>of</strong> money<br />

that <strong>Chicago</strong> households spend on transportation. The Center for Neighborhood<br />

40<br />

Technology estimates that transportation costs <strong>Chicago</strong> households roughly $7,500<br />

per year - about 17% <strong>of</strong> the average household budget, but an even larger share for<br />

lower-income neighbors. Residents <strong>of</strong> auto-dependent areas must spend an average<br />

<strong>of</strong> $3,000 more per year than those who have access to multiple modes <strong>of</strong> travel.<br />

Choice is a value we cherish. We know that driving continues to be a very viable choice<br />

for the city and region, and CDOT is committed to making it safer and more efficient<br />

for those who drive. But getting in a car should be a choice, not a requirement. For<br />

our physical and economic health as a city, we will continue to expand and improve<br />

the availability <strong>of</strong> all mode choices.

Performance Measures<br />

1. Improve the reliability and consistency <strong>of</strong><br />

workday (6am-6pm Monday-Friday) auto travel<br />

times on monitored major streets.<br />

2. Improve CTA on-time performance.<br />

3. Increase the average daily CTA ridership on a<br />

majority <strong>of</strong> routes.<br />

4. Increase the number <strong>of</strong> residents within a half<br />

mile <strong>of</strong> a bikeway.<br />

5. Increase the share <strong>of</strong> all trips under five miles<br />

made by cycling to at least 5%.<br />

41<br />

[<br />

The<br />

city has<br />

facilities<br />

for<br />

everyone.<br />


choices for chicago<br />

action agenda<br />

42<br />

1<br />

P olicies +<br />

A ctions<br />

More fully and consistently implement <strong>Chicago</strong>’s<br />

Complete Streets Policy:<br />

“The safety and convenience <strong>of</strong> all users <strong>of</strong> the<br />

transportation system, including pedestrians, bicyclists,<br />

transit users and motor vehicle drivers, shall be<br />

accommodated and balanced in all types <strong>of</strong> transportation<br />

and development projects and through all phases <strong>of</strong><br />

a project, so that even the most vulnerable – children,<br />

elderly, and persons with disabilities – can travel safely<br />

within the public right <strong>of</strong> way.”<br />

Complete Streets not only increase safety but also add to the economic<br />

competitiveness <strong>of</strong> the city. A transportation system that encourages walking,<br />

biking, and transit attracts an increasingly mobile workforce that looks for<br />

places that provide a rich quality <strong>of</strong> life. Implementing Complete Streets and<br />

encouraging people to drive less <strong>of</strong>ten will also bring environmental benefits.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> has been a national leader in designing and implementing Complete<br />

Streets. Each and every project is an opportunity for CDOT to improve our<br />

overall transportation system for all <strong>of</strong> its users.<br />

1 » Actions<br />

a. Improve at least 8,000 curb cuts in<br />

2012–2013 to further enhance access for<br />

people with disabilities.<br />

b. Develop and adopt Complete Streets Design<br />

Guidelines in tandem with Sustainable Design<br />

Standards and in collaboration with the<br />

Consortium to Lower Obesity in <strong>Chicago</strong><br />

Children.<br />

c. Train all design engineers in Complete Streets<br />

approaches.<br />

d. Update CDOT’s project delivery system to<br />

ensure Complete Streets design <strong>of</strong> roadway<br />

projects, and potentially include the use <strong>of</strong><br />

a Complete Streets checklist during the first<br />

phase <strong>of</strong> design.<br />

e. Review all major street resurfacing projects for<br />

opportunities to incorporate Complete Streets<br />

elements (curb cut replacement, “zebra stripe”<br />

crosswalks, refuge islands, bike lanes) and<br />

implement selected elements.<br />

f. Prepare an updated Complete Streets<br />

ordinance or resolution for <strong>City</strong> Council<br />

approval.<br />

g. Require all “maintenance <strong>of</strong> traffic” plans<br />

submitted for private and public construction<br />

projects to show compliance with Complete<br />

Streets standards.<br />

[<br />

Streets should accommodate<br />

and protect all users.<br />


P<br />

P<br />



Although access to healthy foods and better dietary habits are clearly ways<br />

to fight the obesity epidemic, easy, safe, transportation choices are also<br />

critical as a health management tool. According to the 2009 National<br />

Household Travel Survey, only 13% <strong>of</strong> children ages 5 to 14 usually walked<br />

or biked to school, compared with 48% <strong>of</strong> students in 1969. Conversely,<br />

12% <strong>of</strong> children arrived at school by private automobile in 1969, compared<br />

with 44% by 2009.<br />

Illinois is the state with the fourth highest rate <strong>of</strong> childhood obesity, over<br />

20% overall, and 35% for 10 to 17-year olds. 6 In <strong>Chicago</strong>, 22% <strong>of</strong> 3 to<br />

7-year olds and 28% <strong>of</strong> 10 to 13-year olds are clinically obese. 7 As grownups,<br />

over 3.6 million Illinois adults are clinically obese.<br />

How much is good health worth? Hopefully, to an individual it is priceless,<br />

but poor health — particularly obesity — costs <strong>Chicago</strong>ans dearly.<br />

6. Example Complete Streets Rendering<br />

1969 2009<br />

Studies estimate that health care costs attributable to obesity cost individuals<br />

an additional $1,429 each year and cost the state more than $700<br />

million annually. 8<br />

h. Improve the clearance <strong>of</strong> snow from sidewalks<br />

for pedestrians and people with disabilities:<br />

strengthen the sidewalk snow removal<br />

ordinance; expand the campaign to improve<br />

awareness by property owners <strong>of</strong> their snow<br />

removal responsibilities; begin efforts to<br />

better utilize Special Service Areas to clear<br />

commercial districts; coordinate volunteers to<br />

fill gaps in snow removal on neighborhood<br />

sidewalks; and develop a process for tracking<br />

progress <strong>of</strong> snow removal.<br />

i. Work with the Department <strong>of</strong> Public Health to<br />

implement PlayStreets pilot project in 2012,<br />

allowing neighbors to close streets to traffic<br />

regularly in warmer months to provide space<br />

for active recreation.<br />

Mode <strong>of</strong> Transit<br />

Private Automobile Walk or Bike<br />

ke<br />

48%<br />

13%<br />

12%<br />

44%<br />

10% 20% 30% 40% 50%<br />

% <strong>of</strong> children ages 5-14<br />

1969 2009<br />

7. Childrens’ Travel Patterns to School<br />

Corporations and businesses also pay. According to a 2008 study, obesity<br />

costs private employers in America roughly $45 billion a year in medical<br />

expenditures and work hours lost. <strong>Chicago</strong> area employer Advocate Health<br />

Care estimates that obesity cost them nearly $6 million in lost productivity<br />

in 2009 alone. The Trust for America’s Health and the Robert Wood<br />

Johnson Foundation reported: “Businesses are reluctant to locate in areas<br />

where the population, particularly the future workforce, is unhealthy. High<br />

health care costs and lower productivity are unattractive to employers and<br />

investors.” 9<br />

How can better transportation be part <strong>of</strong> the solution?<br />

Parents frequently list traffic safety concerns as one <strong>of</strong> their top reasons<br />

why their children do not walk or bike to school. Safe “active transportation”<br />

facilities — sidewalks, bike lanes, trails and appropriate signals and<br />

crosswalks make biking, walking and transit access (which begins and ends<br />

with a walk trip) safer, more inviting, and even a little bit fun. Better facilities<br />

make it easier for parents to team up to provide “walking school buses” for<br />

their children instead <strong>of</strong> carpools. These facilities are and must continue to<br />

48%<br />

be a component <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong>’s health agenda.<br />


choices for chicago<br />

action agenda<br />

2<br />

Make <strong>Chicago</strong> the best big city in America for cycling and walking.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> has a national reputation as a model city for bicycling and walking. The city’s 134 miles <strong>of</strong> on-street bike lanes,<br />

40 miles <strong>of</strong> marked shared lanes, scenic <strong>of</strong>f-street paths (including the popular Lakefront Trail), more than 12,000 bike<br />

racks (the most in the nation), and sheltered parking at transit stations demonstrate <strong>Chicago</strong>’s commitment to building<br />

a bike-friendly city. In 2011 alone, CDOT installed the city’s first 2 miles <strong>of</strong> protected bike lanes, as well as 17 miles <strong>of</strong><br />

standard bike lanes, and 11 miles <strong>of</strong> marked shared lanes.<br />

Likewise, <strong>Chicago</strong> is a marvelously walkable city for people <strong>of</strong> all ages, abilities and purposes with over one-quarter <strong>of</strong><br />

all trips in the central part <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong> being made on foot. 10 It’s not just our opinion — <strong>Chicago</strong> was recently designated<br />

a “Gold Level” Walk Friendly Community by the Federal Highway Administration, one <strong>of</strong> only seven in the nation. 11<br />

Just over 1% <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong> commuters choose to travel by bicycle. While this number has almost doubled each <strong>of</strong> the last<br />

two decades, it’s still less than the enviable 6% rate in Portland, Oregon or the 4.5% achieved in chilly Minneapolis.<br />

Even in the central portion <strong>of</strong> the city, only 2% <strong>of</strong> all trips (errands, lunch, and commute) are by bicycle. We can do<br />

better — much better.<br />

44<br />

Continuing to invest in the right infrastructure and safety enhancements will keep increasing the number <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong>ans<br />

who choose active transportation and, by extension, contribute to a healthier, happier, and more productive populace<br />

and city.<br />

Cyclists + Runners on Lakefront Trail<br />

1.3% <strong>of</strong><br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>ans<br />

travel by<br />

[bike.<br />


Seattle- 3.6%<br />

2 » Actions<br />

a. Launch the first phase <strong>of</strong> a public bike sharing<br />

program with 3,000 bikes and 300 stations<br />

by 2012 and expand to 4,000 bikes and<br />

400 stations by 2013.<br />

b. Complete and release three key planning<br />

documents in 2012<br />

» Pedestrian Master Plan,<br />

» Streets for Cycling Plan 2020,<br />

» <strong>Chicago</strong> Trails Plan.<br />

c. Improve cycling conditions on <strong>Chicago</strong> streets<br />

in several ways:<br />

» Install 25 miles <strong>of</strong> protected bikeways by<br />

2012 and continue design work to be able<br />

to reach 100 miles by 2015.<br />

» Install 10 additional miles <strong>of</strong> bike lanes and<br />

marked shared lanes each year.<br />

» Begin site selection and design <strong>of</strong><br />

neighborhood greenways to be able to<br />

establish 10 miles by 2015.<br />

d. Grow the network <strong>of</strong> multi-use trails for nonmotorized<br />

travel:<br />

» Begin construction <strong>of</strong> the Lakefront Trail<br />

flyover bypass to eliminate conflicts with<br />

motorists travelling to and from Navy Pier.<br />

» Complete the final design for the 2.65 mile<br />

Bloomingdale Trail to ensure opening by<br />

2015.<br />

» Begin the design <strong>of</strong> the Weber Spur Trail<br />

that will connect the Elston Bike Lane, the<br />

Sauganash Trail, and upcoming Forest<br />

Preserve and Village <strong>of</strong> Lincolnwood trails.<br />

= 1% <strong>of</strong> commuters<br />

» Begin the design <strong>of</strong> the North Branch<br />

Riverwalk Trail connection under the Addison<br />

Street Bridge.<br />

e. Add 500 more public bike racks each year, in<br />

response to requests.<br />

f. Explore potential Lakefront Trail improvements<br />

during Phase I engineering for the reconstruction<br />

<strong>of</strong> North Lake Shore Drive.<br />

g. Explore the implementation <strong>of</strong> “slow zone” blocks<br />

where everyone feels comfortable sharing and<br />

traveling the street.<br />

h. Open some boulevards or other major streets<br />

to pedestrians, bikes and non-motorized uses<br />

exclusively on selected weekend periods.<br />

Portland- 6.0%<br />

Sacramento- 2.5%<br />

San Francisco- 3.5%<br />

Anchorage- 1.5%<br />

Seattle- 3.6%<br />

Tuscon- 3.0%<br />

Honolulu- 1.6%<br />

Minneapolis- 3.5%<br />

Denver- 2.2%<br />

St. Louis- 0.9%<br />

Austin- 1.0%<br />

In the central zone <strong>of</strong> the city,<br />

only 2% <strong>of</strong> all trips are done<br />

by bicycle<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>- 1.3%<br />

New Orleans- 1.8%<br />

Washington D.C.- 3.1%<br />

Tampa- 1.9%<br />

Boston- 1.4%<br />

Baltimore- 0.7%<br />

= 1% <strong>of</strong> commuters<br />


The 2.65-mile dormant railroad embankment that<br />

crosses the northwest side from Logan Square and<br />

Humboldt Park to Wicker Park and Bucktown has been<br />

called many things. CDOT and our many partners call<br />

it an opportunity.<br />

The Bloomingdale Trail project will transform this obsolete<br />

freight rail corridor into an elevated trail for<br />

cyclists, pedestrians, joggers, and skaters — within a<br />

green linear park that will connect a number <strong>of</strong> smaller<br />

parks and unite neighborhoods.<br />

The trail expands opportunities for car-free commuting<br />

in the city by connecting to the popular Milwaukee and<br />

Elston Avenue bike lanes to the Loop, Humboldt Boulevard,<br />

two CTA stations, the Metra Clybourn Station,<br />

and several bus routes. It will also serve 12 schools<br />

and half a dozen neighborhoods, drawing thousands<br />

for travel, exercise, or just leisurely strolls.<br />

The trail will be a showcase for mobility and be an<br />

example <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong>’s commitment to environmental<br />

stewardship. Any environmental contaminants discovered<br />

on this industrial rail corridor will be remediated<br />

as part <strong>of</strong> the project and the new facility will feature<br />

state-<strong>of</strong>-the-art, low-impact design landscapes that<br />

manage and clean stormwater.<br />

Mayor Emanuel has committed to opening the trail<br />

in his first term in <strong>of</strong>fice and CDOT and its partners<br />

are <strong>of</strong>f to a rapid start in meeting that challenge. The<br />

design is well underway and the project partners are<br />

meeting regularly with neighbors, partners and stakeholders<br />

to ensure this development is true to the vision<br />

they have pursued for years and a catalyst for community<br />

improvement.<br />

45<br />

8. Major U.S. Bicycle Commuter Percentage<br />

Portland- 6.0%

choices for chicago<br />

action agenda<br />

3<br />

Provide all residents, workers, and visitors<br />

with efficient, affordable, and attractive transit<br />

services.<br />

Transit is vital to <strong>Chicago</strong>’s way <strong>of</strong> life. Beginning operation in<br />

1892, the elevated train system steadily grew, becoming the third<br />

busiest rapid transit system in the United States (and second in<br />

total mileage). It carries over 700,000 people each weekday and<br />

350<br />

300<br />

291.7<br />

303.3<br />

304.8<br />

296<br />

299.6<br />

328.2<br />

306<br />

163 million riders annually. CTA buses provide comprehensive<br />

coverage <strong>of</strong> the city and carry over a million passengers daily.<br />

250<br />

Metra commuter trains provide another 300,000 daily transit trips<br />

across the region, and most <strong>of</strong> these trips have at least one end<br />

in the city <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong>. As millions can attest, transit saves people<br />

money. Studies have shown that switching to mass transit can save<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> households as much as $400 a month when counting<br />

the costs <strong>of</strong> fuel, insurance, parking and maintenance for vehicle<br />

Riders (in millions)<br />

200<br />

150<br />

153.6<br />

176.3<br />

180.4<br />

178.7 195.2<br />

198.1<br />

210.9<br />

ownership.<br />

CDOT and CTA are partners in this system: CTA buses run on the<br />

100<br />

74.5<br />

78.8<br />

76.8<br />

74.4<br />

80.8<br />

86.8<br />

81.4<br />

46<br />

streets CDOT builds and CTA trains operate on a rail network that<br />

includes 50 miles <strong>of</strong> track and more than 50 stations owned by<br />

50<br />

39.3<br />

38.6<br />

34.8<br />

34.1<br />

38.0<br />

40.4<br />

35.1<br />

CDOT. There is an excellent working relationship between our two<br />

agencies and we both share the same goals and vision.<br />

0<br />

1997<br />

1998<br />

1999<br />

2000<br />

2001<br />

2002<br />

2003<br />

2004<br />

2005<br />

2006<br />

2007<br />

2008<br />

2009<br />

2010<br />

This complex transit network has enabled and encouraged the<br />

densely built-up city core, but our 120-year old transit system is<br />

showing its age. New demands and expectations <strong>of</strong> riders require<br />

modernized systems to meet the city’s rapid transit needs and keep<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> competitive for future generations.<br />

CTA Bus CTA Rail<br />

Metra<br />

9. Annual Transit Ridership: 1997 - 2010<br />


3 » Actions<br />

a. Build/rebuild four CTA rail stations:<br />

» Finish construction <strong>of</strong> Lake/Morgan Station<br />

on the Green/Pink Lines in 2012.<br />

» Begin rebuilding Clark/Division Station on<br />

the Red Line, starting with a new ADAaccessible<br />

entrance at LaSalle Street.<br />

» Finish design <strong>of</strong> the combined Washington/<br />

Wabash station on the Loop Elevated and<br />

construct by 2014.<br />

» Finish design <strong>of</strong> the new Cermak-McCormick<br />

Place station on the Green Line and<br />

construct by 2014.<br />

b. Develop three Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) Corridors<br />

in partnership with CTA:<br />

» Build BRT facilities for CTA on Jeffrey<br />

Boulevard in 2012.<br />

» Continue design, engineering and federal<br />

» Support CTA’s BRT alternatives analysis for<br />

Western and Ashland Avenues.<br />

» Analyze city routes for future BRT<br />

opportunities.<br />

c. Install Transit Signal Priority (TSP) equipment<br />

at 100 intersections annually, as part <strong>of</strong> a<br />

strategy for 30 corridors and 500 intersections<br />

by 2015.<br />

d. Collaborate with CTA’s efforts to complete<br />

the full scale planning <strong>of</strong> the Red Line<br />

Reconstruction project by 2012.<br />

e. Support CTA’s ongoing efforts to advance<br />

long-range “New Start” rail network expansion<br />

plans, including southern extensions <strong>of</strong> the Red<br />

and Orange Lines.<br />



The first transit facilities in <strong>Chicago</strong> - including the Loop, Lake Street and<br />

Jackson Park elevated lines - were all built and operated by private sector<br />

concerns. After the financial decline <strong>of</strong> these private operators up to and<br />

through World War II, the public sector took over.<br />

In the 1940’s, the city <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong> led the construction <strong>of</strong> the State and Dearborn<br />

Street subways. A state-authorized referendum created the <strong>Chicago</strong><br />

Transit Authority (CTA) in 1947 to buy rapid transit, trolley and bus lines<br />

from failed private transportation providers, and continue their operations<br />

as a public service.<br />

The <strong>City</strong> made agreements for CTA to use and maintain the subways, while<br />

the <strong>City</strong> retained ownership. The <strong>City</strong> built most <strong>of</strong> a relocated Congress<br />

line in the 1950’s, within the median <strong>of</strong> a superhighway later named the<br />

Eisenhower Expressway. Then in the 1960’s, the <strong>City</strong> similarly built lines in<br />

the medians <strong>of</strong> the Dan Ryan and Kennedy Expressways with federal monies<br />

(66%) and <strong>City</strong> bond funds. CTA took over operation <strong>of</strong> these lines upon<br />

completion, though the <strong>City</strong> again maintained ownership. Similar arrangements<br />

occurred with the extension <strong>of</strong> the Kennedy line to O’Hare in 1984.<br />

grant process for BRT across the Central<br />

After a planned Crosstown Expressway project was cancelled, the <strong>City</strong> was<br />

Area (to Union/Ogilvie stations) with<br />

eventually able to reprogram $931 million to transit improvements. Over<br />

construction to start in 2014.<br />

$520 million was used to build and buy new rail cars for the Southwest Or-<br />

Red Line<br />

ange line, completed in 1993. The remainder was programmed by the <strong>City</strong><br />

to renovate and replace elevated track, structure, and stations; renovate<br />

47<br />

12.5%<br />

subway facilities; and build the track link that allowed for reorganizing the<br />

Blue Line<br />

Red and Green lines.<br />

CTA Bus<br />

48.3%<br />

CTA Rail<br />

33.3%<br />

7.3%<br />

2.5%<br />

3.1%<br />

Orange Line<br />

Green Line<br />

The <strong>City</strong> works with the CTA to ensure that these facilities meet their operating<br />

needs. CDOT focuses on architectural and engineering projects,<br />

especially downtown, while passing funds on to the CTA for signals, power<br />

4.7%<br />

Brown Line<br />

and specialized labor such as track crews.<br />

Metra<br />

12.9%<br />

Pace<br />

5.5%<br />

1.3%<br />

1.7%<br />

Pink Line<br />

Purple Line<br />

Yellow Line<br />

0.2%<br />

In total, the <strong>City</strong> has built and owns 50 <strong>of</strong> the 105 miles in the CTA rapid<br />

transit system, four rail storage yards, and four rail car maintenance facilities.<br />

In 2011, this partnership continued as CDOT completed a major reconstruction<br />

<strong>of</strong> the Grand/State Station and was at work on a new Morgan<br />

Station serving the Green and Pink Lines.<br />

10. 2010, Transit Ridership % by mode

choices for chicago<br />

action agenda<br />

4Improve intermodal connections and operations.<br />

A transit rider is always a pedestrian for at least part <strong>of</strong> their trip. Metra riders<br />

<strong>of</strong>ten transfers to CTA buses. Motorists and cyclists can both have their own “park<br />

and ride” facilities. Yet the logistics <strong>of</strong> making these connections happen can be<br />

a challenge.<br />

Improving facilities is part <strong>of</strong> the solution, but scheduling, travel information and<br />

wayfinding are also big parts <strong>of</strong> the equation. CDOT is committed to working with<br />

our transit partners at the Regional Transit Authority (RTA), CTA, Metra, and Pace<br />

and with technology partners to expand the city’s rich travel choices and improve<br />

connections between them.<br />


4 » Actions<br />

a. Improve transfers at Union Station, the region’s<br />

busiest transit facility:<br />

» Begin design and acquire land for a new<br />

rail-bus transfer center south <strong>of</strong> Jackson<br />

Street, to open in 2014 along with Central<br />

Area BRT.<br />

» Finish a station master plan study to assess<br />

future options for improving transfers and<br />

increasing capacity. Begin computer<br />

simulations to further refine these options.<br />

» Coordinate with Amtrak (owner <strong>of</strong> the<br />

station) on their overall plans for changes<br />

in operations and facilities over the next 20<br />

years.<br />

b. Work to add customized BusTracker and<br />

intermodal information on monitors in bus<br />

shelters, beginning with Bus Rapid Transit<br />

routes.<br />

c. Upgrade “first mile/last mile” transit access.<br />

» Install high-capacity, double-deck bike racks<br />

in five additional CTA or Metra stations to<br />

improve transit connections for cyclists.<br />

» Install Bike Sharing stations at or near all<br />

CTA or Metra stations in the bike sharing<br />

service area, including the four downtown<br />

Metra terminals (Union, Ogilvie, Millennium,<br />

LaSalle).<br />

» Make sidewalk, crosswalk, and bike<br />

parking improvements where needed.<br />

» Complete the Access to Transit Data Study,<br />

reporting mode <strong>of</strong> access information and<br />

user perception <strong>of</strong> transit access conditions<br />

for 48 CTA stations in <strong>Chicago</strong>.<br />

d. Support the RTA’s project to improve<br />

wayfinding signs at interagency transit transfer<br />

points, beginning with the Jackson-Van Buren<br />

corridor.<br />

e. Support CTA and RTA efforts to implement a<br />

unified fare system and/or electronic payment<br />

system for transit operators.<br />

f. Work with the Department <strong>of</strong> Housing and<br />

Economic Development to identify city-owned<br />

properties for expanded car-sharing and bike<br />

parking locations at transit stations.<br />

g. Work with CTA and Metra to designate<br />

agency pedestrian and bicycle coordinators.<br />


What do you get when you combine the limited stops and<br />

fast boarding <strong>of</strong> rapid transit with the service flexibility,<br />

fast implementation and affordability <strong>of</strong> bus transit service?<br />

Bus Rapid Transit, or “BRT” for short.<br />

Details <strong>of</strong> BRT service in <strong>Chicago</strong> will vary from corridor<br />

to corridor based on context (and will have a catchier<br />

name than “BRT”), but each starts with clearly dedicated<br />

bus lanes. Other options in the “toolbox” to be used in<br />

some projects include:<br />

• Fewer stops<br />

• Traffic Signal Priority – including “queue jumps”<br />

• Boarding area canopies<br />

• Real time bus arrival signs<br />

• Wide doors/Bus floor level boarding<br />

• Prepaid boarding<br />

• Streetscaping<br />

• Increased capacity<br />

There are several BRT projects in the works. The Jeffrey<br />

Corridor project will be the first demonstration in the city<br />

<strong>of</strong> the potential <strong>of</strong> BRT. It reduces the number <strong>of</strong> stops<br />

and improves rush hour travel on one <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong>’s most<br />

popular express routes, more than two miles from the<br />

nearest rail rapid transit service.<br />

The Central Area East-West corridor will cross the heart<br />

<strong>of</strong> the Loop, improving travel times and comfort for users<br />

<strong>of</strong> seven bus routes (including the Jeffrey Express) that<br />

serve Ogilvie and/or Union stations, but also continue<br />

onward to Navy Pier, Streeterville, River East, the Illinois<br />

Medical District, the United Center, Milwaukee Avenue,<br />

Madison Street, and Blue Island Avenue.<br />

Western and Ashland Avenues are currently being studied<br />

as future BRT routes. These popular bus routes traverse<br />

the city and provide access to several different CTA<br />

and Metra rail stations.<br />


choices for chicago<br />

action agenda<br />

5<br />

Ensure<br />

predictable, safe, and reliable motor vehicle<br />

operations.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> is a congested city. Frequently, commute times can vary significantly<br />

based on unpredictable traffic conditions. While there are limits to how much<br />

can be done to make personal vehicle commutes shorter or faster in a mature<br />

city, there is much that can be done to reduce delay and make travel time more<br />

predictable.<br />

Motor vehicles are – and will continue to be – a critical transportation choice for<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>ans. Sections <strong>of</strong> Cicero Avenue, Congress Parkway, Harlem Avenue,<br />

Pulaski Road and Stony Island Avenue each carry more than 50,000 vehicles<br />

a day; segments <strong>of</strong> Lake Shore Drive have daily volumes that exceed 110,000<br />

vehicles.<br />

50<br />

Over the next two years, CDOT will take a number <strong>of</strong> actions to improve<br />

driving conditions, including: better coordination to improve incident response<br />

(e.g., clearing crashes or routing traffic around bottlenecks); signal timing<br />

changes for smoother traffic flow; and better communications with motorists<br />

about current conditions.<br />

In 2011, CDOT introduced www.chicagotraffictracker.com, a site that uses GPS<br />

data from 2,000 CTA buses to help monitor congestion and predict auto travel<br />

times on major streets.<br />

Safe and efficient vehicular mobility means safer and more predictable travel<br />

for all other modes as well. Clear and timely information about traffic and<br />

transit conditions and options can help everyone make better choices about<br />

how, when, and where they travel in and around <strong>Chicago</strong>.

5 » Actions<br />

a. Enhance the new www.chicagotraffictracker.<br />

com with even better information on current<br />

traffic conditions, live video from available<br />

traffic cameras, and opportunities to receive<br />

updates through email or text message alerts.<br />

Also, work with OEMC to develop means<br />

to exchange information with “Gateway<br />

System” Expressway monitors, data and RTA’s<br />

“GoROO” travel information site.<br />

g. Secure funding for a <strong>Chicago</strong> citywide<br />

signal optimization plan that will evaluate<br />

and prioritize revisions to signal timing and<br />

operations on approximately two-thirds <strong>of</strong> the<br />

city’s signals over a six-year period.<br />

h. Expand traffic signal database access to<br />

CDOT field <strong>of</strong>fice users for faster updates and<br />

greater utilization.<br />

b. Finish the final phase <strong>of</strong> the Traffic<br />

Management Center, integrating 9-1-1<br />

dispatch data and other systems to better<br />

manage and operate the <strong>City</strong>’s transportation<br />

network.<br />

c. Modernize 175 intersections with installation<br />

<strong>of</strong> Advanced Traffic Controllers (ATC) for<br />

improved vehicle operations, safety and<br />

throughput; secure funding for additional<br />

intersections.<br />

d. Install variable message signs (VMS) and<br />

speed indicator signs at selected locations on<br />

key arterials to provide information on current<br />

traffic conditions.<br />

51<br />

e. Continue design to deploy new signal<br />

interconnect systems using hybrid fiber/wireless<br />

communications.<br />

f. Upgrade existing interconnects on Lake Shore<br />

Drive (near Museum Campus) and Irving Park<br />

Roads with adaptive signal control (ASC)<br />


Serving <strong>Chicago</strong>a

serving chicagoans<br />

As a department, CDOT is not just oriented to moving people. We are<br />

action agenda<br />

also committed to continually improving the service we provide to the<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>ans who are our customers, our funders, and our neighbors.<br />

We pledge to deliver high-quality customer service.<br />

Requests for service from CDOT and other <strong>City</strong> departments can be<br />

made by any citizen by calling 311. Many types <strong>of</strong> service can also be<br />

requested through the <strong>City</strong>’s 311 website. The <strong>City</strong>’s Customer Service<br />

Request system sorts CDOT requests into 45 public “request types”,<br />

which are then assigned to various divisions <strong>of</strong> CDOT for action within<br />

a set period <strong>of</strong> time.<br />

This system is used to ensure that CDOT provides high-quality, timely<br />

service to fix the problems that have been reported. For example,<br />

requests to repair or replace one-way signs need to be completed<br />

within three days; in 2011, the average response was 1.03 days. In the<br />

next two years, CDOT will raise the bar on its existing performance<br />

standards.<br />

54<br />

But that’s only half the challenge. We must also be more clear about<br />

when, where and how we are providing these services. A key to this<br />

is making sure we make the best use <strong>of</strong> current technologies. In<br />

partnership with the <strong>City</strong>’s Department <strong>of</strong> Innovation and Technology<br />

(DoIT), CDOT will use social media, smartphones, open data, and more,<br />

to not only hear and respond to requests for repairs and improvements,<br />

but also to recognize and prevent problems before they occur.

Performance Measures<br />

1. Increase the percentage <strong>of</strong> Customer Service<br />

Requests and 311 requests resolved within the<br />

“allowable duration” to at least 95%.<br />

2. Increase the percentage <strong>of</strong> Customer Service<br />

Requests and 311 request categories where<br />

the average response time is less than half the<br />

“allowable duration” to at least 50% (and reduce<br />

the “allowable duration” when feasible).<br />

3. Increase the percentage <strong>of</strong> potholes patched or<br />

fixed within 72 hours.<br />

4. Increase the percentage <strong>of</strong> social media<br />

inquiries that receive a usable response by the<br />

next business day.<br />


serving chicagoans<br />

action agenda<br />

1<br />

Improve responsiveness.<br />

It takes more than inspectors on city staff to know where our transportation system<br />

isn’t working. Fortunately, there are over five million eyes on <strong>Chicago</strong>’s streets.<br />

Making it easier for people to identify and report issues will get those issues<br />

resolved more quickly.<br />

Requests for service come from a wide range <strong>of</strong> sources and differ greatly in size<br />

and scope. Nonetheless, each request must be given the utmost attention and<br />

responded to in a timely manner. This includes efficient mobilization and effective<br />

P olicies +<br />

A ctions<br />

response to weather-related and other emergency situations.<br />

Sometimes, the solutions may take time. That’s why it is also important to allow<br />

people to know the status <strong>of</strong> their request, so they know that their concern has been<br />

heard and that their input is useful.<br />

Distribution <strong>of</strong> time spent on customer service:<br />

Other<br />

56<br />

Regulatory signs<br />

work orders<br />

Alderman Calls/Issues<br />

14%<br />

13%<br />

15%<br />

45%<br />

Citizen Service Requests<br />

(311)<br />

Construction Inspections<br />

13%<br />

11. Customer Service Time Distribution

1 » Actions<br />

a. Partner with DoIT to explore ways for<br />

smartphone users to submit service requests<br />

with a mobile application (such as SeeClickFix)<br />

and utilize the phone’s camera in a way that<br />

works with and enhances the existing 311<br />

system.<br />

b. Patch potholes within 72 hours and develop<br />

an online “dashboard” that reports the<br />

progress in fixing potholes during peak repair<br />

season in winter/spring.<br />

c. Use the 311 system to monitor sidewalk snow<br />

removal concerns and address problem<br />

locations.<br />

d. Institute a process to better address ADA<br />

complaints filed through the 311 system.<br />

e. Encourage the use <strong>of</strong> the CDOT website to<br />

suggest bike rack locations, and post status<br />

<strong>of</strong> all requests to website within 7 days and<br />

update as progress occurs.<br />

f. Re-evaluate Customer Service “request types”<br />

to make sure the data is relevant and as useful<br />

as possible for tracking response times.<br />


serving chicagoans<br />

action agenda<br />

2<br />

Enhance transparency and public<br />

communications.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>ans want to know whether or not their government<br />

agencies are working. We will increase our transparency by<br />

providing more information, using new ways <strong>of</strong> disseminating<br />

information and creating a dialogue with citizens. This will help<br />

assure the public that their tax dollars are well-spent and will<br />

create more accountability. Our website, www.chicagodot.org, is<br />

an important component <strong>of</strong> public communications.<br />


2 » Actions<br />

a. Reorganize the CDOT website to simplify<br />



access to information that is frequently<br />

In order to provide quick, high quality service to all<br />

searched and provide clear information about<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> residents, we have identified the following<br />

upcoming and current projects.<br />

b. Respond to at least 90% <strong>of</strong> Twitter and other<br />

performance indicators for completing repairs and<br />

inspections in response to service requests.<br />

social media inquiries promptly – within one<br />

Within 1 day:<br />

business day, preferably within two hours.<br />

• Stop sign missing<br />

c. Promote and expand the use by staff <strong>of</strong><br />

other social media outlets, including CDOT’s<br />

Facebook, Flickr, and YouTube feeds.<br />

d. Develop a departmental blog to provide more<br />

immediate news to residents.<br />

e. As part <strong>of</strong> Mayor Emanuel’s “Open Portal”<br />

program, make data-sets available to the<br />

public and encourage development <strong>of</strong><br />

• Traffic light out<br />

• Wire down<br />

Within 3 days:<br />

• Pavement cave-in survey<br />

• One-way sign missing<br />

Within 4 days:<br />

• Outage <strong>of</strong> multiple streetlights<br />

applications for the analysis <strong>of</strong> that data.<br />

Within 7 days:<br />

Explore further uses <strong>of</strong> Google Maps as a<br />

base for project information.<br />

f. Develop a “dashboard” to report progress<br />

against goals and actions from this report<br />

(and elsewhere) as Key Performance Indicators<br />

(KPIs). Progress on the KPI goals will be<br />

published on CDOT’s website.<br />

Community Input from Bloomingdale Trail Workshop<br />

• Pothole in street<br />

• Public way obstruction<br />

Within 10 days<br />

• Pothole in alley<br />

• Inspect public way construction<br />

• Outage <strong>of</strong> a single streetlight<br />

59<br />

g. Develop and prominently publish an easy to<br />

Within 20 days<br />

understand explanation <strong>of</strong> where and when<br />

different traffic management techniques or<br />

control devices could be used.<br />

• Non-emergency signs<br />

Within 30 days<br />

• Outage <strong>of</strong> alley streetlight<br />

• Sidewalk survey<br />

Within 120 days, less if weather permits<br />

• Street line/marking maintenance

serving chicagoans<br />

action agenda<br />

3<br />

Disseminate customer information.<br />

Information is power. The quantity and quality <strong>of</strong> information that people have<br />

about transportation allows them to make better choices. Milwaukee bus, Blue<br />

Line or bicycle? Red Line or Brown Line at Belmont? Stevenson Expressway, Archer<br />

Avenue or the Orange Line? Wait for the bus or walk? Stay on this road or detour?<br />

The only way to make an informed decision is with quality, real-time information.<br />

Over the last few years, CDOT and other agencies have made more transportation<br />

information available to the public. We will continue to provide information and<br />

use technology to make it available to everyone when and where it is helpful. We<br />

will also improve access to published materials, such as maps and educational<br />

information, to empower <strong>Chicago</strong>ans to make well-informed decisions about<br />

transportation.<br />

60<br />

Share the Road safety outreach

3 » Actions<br />

a. Install multi-modal information monitors in CTA<br />

bus shelters that display TravelTracker, bike<br />

sharing, car sharing, and traffic information.<br />

b. Continue to distribute at least 50,000 bicycle<br />

maps per year.<br />

c. Provide training, classes and information<br />

through the <strong>Chicago</strong> Center for Green<br />

Technology for individuals and institutions to<br />

learn about more sustainable transportation,<br />

homes, workplaces and communities.<br />

d. Explore opportunities to cooperate with<br />

popular online map services, including<br />

correction <strong>of</strong> errors and notification <strong>of</strong><br />

extended closures.<br />

NOTE: Several more customer information actions<br />

are discussed in other chapters, including:<br />


BIKE MAP<br />

S T R E E T S F O R C Y C L I N G<br />

FREE<br />

S P R I N G 2 0 1 1<br />

<strong>City</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong> • Rahm Emanuel, Mayor<br />

Department <strong>of</strong> Transportation<br />

Gabe Klein, Commissioner<br />

www.<strong>Chicago</strong>Bikes.org<br />

C<br />

B<br />

» Bicycle Ambassadors and Safe Route<br />

Ambassadors (Page 24 + 25)<br />

» Bike Sharing Program (Page 45 + 49)<br />

» RTA Wayfinding (Page 49)<br />

» <strong>Chicago</strong>traffictracker.com (Page 50 + 51)<br />

» Variable Message Signs (Page 51)<br />

» Travel Demand Management (Page 69)<br />

» Truck Routes, Site Maps, and GIS layers<br />

(Page 87)<br />


serving chicagoans<br />

action agenda<br />

4<br />

Build agency and staff capacities and increase efficiencies.<br />

Smart cities continually invest in their workforce. In this economy, the ability to find<br />

a good paying job is paramount to many. All the building, rebuilding, installing and<br />

other actions identified in these pages will create a considerable amount <strong>of</strong> jobs<br />

and opportunities for residents to learn new skills and trades.<br />

No matter how big or small the project, <strong>Chicago</strong>ans deserve a quality work<br />

product from their public servants that is completed as efficiently and economically<br />

as possible. Looking for ways to “work smarter” is crucial to reaching that goal.<br />


4 » Actions<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> Center for Green Technology Seminar<br />

a. Expand the use <strong>of</strong> apprenticeships to establish<br />

a skilled workforce for the future and ensure<br />

that the institutional knowledge <strong>of</strong> today’s<br />

workers is passed on.<br />

b. Train skilled trades employees in new<br />

technologies.<br />

c. Partner with Greencorps <strong>Chicago</strong> to train<br />

workers and fill job opportunities with city<br />

residents.<br />

d. Use the <strong>Chicago</strong> Center for Green Technology<br />

to provide training in “green collar” jobs and<br />

encourage the growth <strong>of</strong> environmentallyinspired<br />

businesses.<br />

e. Improve databases to ensure that staff<br />

users at all agencies can access relevant<br />

data, ordinances, private benefit signs, and<br />

driveway permits for proper and consistent<br />

permits, installations, and enforcement.<br />


A More Sustainab

le <strong>City</strong><br />


a more sustainable city<br />

Cities are among the most environmentally sustainable <strong>of</strong> human<br />

action agenda<br />

habitations. Urban residents tend to drive less, consume less energy,<br />

and produce less water run-<strong>of</strong>f per capita than their suburban and<br />

rural counterparts.<br />

Because the density <strong>of</strong> cities generally means more people and less<br />

open space on individual lots, the public streets and rights <strong>of</strong> way<br />

are a crucial resource for expanding the tree canopy, diversifying<br />

habitats, and managing stormwater. There is abundant opportunity<br />

to accomplish this in the 23% <strong>of</strong> the land area <strong>of</strong> the city <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong><br />

found in the public right <strong>of</strong> way such as streets and alleys.<br />

For more than a decade, <strong>Chicago</strong> has been the nation’s leader in<br />

building green streets that refresh and restore the urban environment.<br />

We have conducted five pilot projects to find the best way to pave<br />

streets using recycled asphalt. Over 20 cities have replicated our<br />

award-winning Green Alley Program, which has been recognized in<br />

over 65 publications and now is a case study in environmental design<br />

66<br />

textbooks. Programs like Greencorps <strong>Chicago</strong> train hard-to-employ<br />

individuals for more robust futures in the “Green Collar” economy.<br />

We have diversified and expanded <strong>Chicago</strong>’s urban forest. Increased<br />

tree canopy cover provides shade to reduce the “urban heat island”<br />

effect in summer, improves air and water quality, reduces noise<br />

pollution, and improves the quality <strong>of</strong> urban life. Tree planting has<br />

the ability to revitalize neighborhoods.<br />

CDOT will continue to be a leader in innovating and demonstrating<br />

to the nation the value and viability <strong>of</strong> building green.

Performance Measures<br />

1. Increase the tree canopy and public right <strong>of</strong> way<br />

tree count.<br />

2. Reduce the number <strong>of</strong> Ozone Action Days.<br />

3. Increase the recycling <strong>of</strong> construction waste to<br />

75% <strong>of</strong> eligible materials.<br />

[<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> is a<br />

national leader<br />

in building<br />

greenstreets.<br />

[<br />


a more sustainable city<br />

action agenda<br />

1<br />

Support the <strong>Chicago</strong> Climate Action Plan.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> is not a city that takes a “wait and see” position on climate change,<br />

especially when many viable and cost-effective actions are possible to reduce<br />

carbon emissions. This is especially true when such actions also improve the beauty,<br />

livability and economic competitiveness <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong>.<br />

The <strong>Chicago</strong> Climate Action Plan was developed by a diverse task force <strong>of</strong> city<br />

leaders. It proposed an initial reduction in <strong>Chicago</strong>’s carbon output by 2020 to at<br />

least 25% below 1990 levels. This goal can be achieved through integrated and<br />

P olicies +<br />

A ctions<br />

holistic actions among all city departments. Currently 21% <strong>of</strong> the city’s greenhouse<br />

gas emissions come from our transportation vehicles – buses, trucks, planes and<br />

autos. Expanding non-fossil fuel dependent modes <strong>of</strong> transport (bicycle, walking<br />

and electric vehicles) and enabling development patterns that reduce our need<br />

to drive have the potential to significantly reduce this impact and ensure a more<br />

sustainable, prosperous future for <strong>Chicago</strong>.<br />

68<br />

[<br />

21% <strong>of</strong><br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>’s ghg<br />

emissions<br />

are from<br />

transportation<br />

vehicles<br />

Green Taxi<br />


1 » Actions<br />

a. Launch a Travel Demand Management (TDM)<br />

program and sign up 100 employers <strong>of</strong> 50<br />

employees or more for commuter benefits<br />

or alternative commute programs under the<br />

newly-established TDM program.<br />





CDOT is managing what will become the nation’s most<br />

progressive electric vehicle infrastructure project. Us-<br />

b. Manage the creation <strong>of</strong> the world’s densest<br />

network <strong>of</strong> quick-charge stations for electric<br />

vehicles, installing 280 stations using a<br />

combination <strong>of</strong> state, federal and private<br />

investment funds.<br />

c. Promote further use <strong>of</strong> Clean Natural Gas<br />

(CNG) and other alternative fuels, especially<br />

by the taxicab industry.<br />

d. Implement a carbon travel calculator for the<br />

city.<br />

e. Support community-based, volunteer-led events<br />

and trainings to promote the <strong>City</strong>’s anti-idling<br />

ordinance and other related environmental<br />

practices through the <strong>Chicago</strong> Conservation<br />

Corps (C3) and other grassroots programs.<br />

3.8%<br />

refrigerants + lubricants<br />

8.7%<br />

other non-road<br />

7.9%<br />

commercial aircraft<br />

19.1%<br />

freight trucks<br />

0.8%<br />

bus + motorcycle<br />

59.7% passenger cars +<br />

light-duty trucks<br />

ing $2 million in federal and state funding to leverage<br />

$6.9 million in private funds, 207 “Level 2” chargers<br />

and 73 Direct Current (DC) quick charge stations will<br />

soon be installed. The program will provide 53 fulltime<br />

jobs for installation, maintenance and operation<br />

and is just the first phase <strong>of</strong> electric vehicle infrastructure<br />

in the <strong>Chicago</strong> region.<br />

An additional $15 million in federal funding will be<br />

used to improve regional air quality by installing or<br />

upgrading 28 alternative fueling stations and by retr<strong>of</strong>itting<br />

or purchasing 400 alternative fuel & hybrid<br />

vehicles. The combined projects will save 3.8 million<br />

gallons <strong>of</strong> gasoline each year and support 77 jobs in<br />

the region. This funding is being leveraged with $24<br />

million in private and public investment.<br />

Both projects continue <strong>Chicago</strong>’s efforts in the <strong>Chicago</strong><br />

Area Clean Cities (CACC) coalition, a voluntary organization<br />

dedicated to encouraging the use <strong>of</strong> clean<br />

69<br />

fuels and clean vehicle technologies in the <strong>Chicago</strong><br />

Transportation- 28%<br />

(2014.0 Tg CO Eq)<br />

2<br />

metropolitan area. It is one <strong>of</strong> 90 such city coalitions<br />

across the country participating in the U.S. Department<br />

<strong>of</strong> Energy’s Clean Cities program.<br />

Non-Transportation Sectors- 72%<br />

(5246.7 Tg CO Eq)<br />

2<br />

12. Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions from Transportation<br />

CACC also supports local educational opportunities<br />

for clean vehicle technologies and fuels. For over 15<br />

years, <strong>Chicago</strong>-area fleet managers and policy makers<br />

have participated in CACC-sponsored workshops<br />

and “ride and drives.” More information about the<br />

coalition, advanced vehicle technologies, and the location<br />

<strong>of</strong> alternative fuel stations in <strong>Chicago</strong> can be<br />

found at www.chicagocleancities.org.

a more sustainable city<br />

action agenda<br />

2<br />

Enhance CDOT’s GreenStreets Program.<br />

Studies prove that tree planting is one <strong>of</strong> the most beneficial and affordable<br />

infrastructure improvements a municipality can implement. Trees appreciate in value<br />

and have economic, ecological, and social benefits.<br />

In our urban forest, trees also play a vital role in stormwater management, urban heat<br />

island reduction, improved air and water quality, reduced carbon emissions, greater<br />

carbon sequestration, and even increased property values.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>’s GreenStreets program plants trees along and near major streets, and<br />

targets areas with high “urban heat island” effects and lower levels <strong>of</strong> tree canopy<br />

cover. Since its creation twenty years ago, the program has planted 71,185 trees.<br />

Combined with other sources, 3,900 trees were planted in 2011 alone.<br />

70<br />

Indiana Avenue Median Planting<br />

[<br />

The every tree counts<br />

campaign illustrated<br />

the environmental<br />

value <strong>of</strong> street trees.<br />


2 » Actions<br />

a. Continue tree planting in the public right <strong>of</strong><br />

way to support a citywide increase in canopy<br />

cover from 17% to 20% by 2020, including<br />

federally funded initiatives on the South and<br />

West Sides in 2012- 2013.<br />

b. Introduce new tree cultivars (cultivated species<br />

varieties) annually as part <strong>of</strong> the species<br />

diversity rule to foster healthier functional urban<br />

forests.<br />

c. Calculate and report annual environmental<br />

benefits for <strong>Chicago</strong>’s trees and associated<br />

dollar values <strong>of</strong> newly-planted street trees<br />

through the National Tree Benefits Calculator<br />

at www.davey.com/ask-the-expert/treecalculator/national-tree-benefit-calculator.aspx.<br />

d. Conduct three training presentations to<br />

neighborhood business groups or other<br />

organizations on the measurable benefits<br />

that trees provide to retail sales and other<br />

economic activities.<br />

The <strong>City</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong> has:<br />

A Green Alley:<br />

[ ]<br />

=100 alleys<br />

[ ]<br />

= 10 tires<br />

recycled<br />

13 ,000<br />

public alleys<br />

1,900<br />

miles <strong>of</strong> alleys<br />

35,000<br />

[ ]<br />

=<br />

acres <strong>of</strong><br />

impermeable<br />

surface<br />

uses asphalt that recycles<br />

600<br />

tires per alley<br />

uses surfaces achieving<br />

80%<br />

permeability<br />

incorporates<br />

high<br />

albedo<br />

pavements<br />

[ ]<br />

to reduce the<br />

urban heat<br />

island effect<br />

71<br />

Green Alley with permeable pavers<br />

13. Green Alley Program Benefits

a more sustainable city<br />

action agenda<br />

3<br />

Reduce stormwater run-<strong>of</strong>f quantity while<br />

improving quality.<br />

Management <strong>of</strong> stormwater run-<strong>of</strong>f is becoming ever more<br />

important in many American cities. Too much rainwater can<br />

overwhelm antiquated sewer systems.<br />

At a minimum, this leads to water pooling in the road, causing<br />

splashes by moving vehicles and premature erosion <strong>of</strong> the<br />

roadway. In worst case scenarios, contaminants can even enter<br />

our precious waterways.<br />

While modernizing sewers and completing the regional Deep<br />

Tunnel project will help, we also need to find better ways to let<br />

rainwater disperse naturally, absorb into soil, water plants, or<br />

Stormwater infiltration planters at Rush University<br />

simply evaporate.<br />

72<br />

Clean<br />

waterways<br />

[matter.<br />


3 » Actions<br />

a. Adopt sustainable infrastructure design<br />

guidelines – draft completed in 2012, final by<br />

2013 – in tandem with Complete Street design<br />

standards.<br />

b. Complete 20 blocks <strong>of</strong> additional green alleys<br />

each year, and develop strategies to make<br />

500 miles<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong><br />



The Cermak/Blue Island sustainable streetscape project extends 1.5 miles<br />

from Halsted Street to Wolcott Avenue. The $16.6 million-dollar project sets<br />

a high bar, not only for <strong>Chicago</strong> but for the nation, in achieving a street that<br />

is not only green in terms <strong>of</strong> landscaping and stormwater, but also extends<br />

to material and energy use, community integration, and monitoring and<br />

measurement. Some <strong>of</strong> the features and project goals are:<br />

them standard by 2020.<br />

• Stormwater – Divert 80% <strong>of</strong> typical average annual rainfall from<br />

c. Continue restrictions on the use <strong>of</strong> pre-<br />

sewers using permeable pavement, bioswales, planters and street<br />

emergent herbicides during tree planting<br />

trees.<br />

operations to improve water quality and<br />

• Water – Eliminate the use <strong>of</strong> potable (drinkable) water for landscape<br />

aquatic habitat.<br />

irrigation, using native or drought tolerant plants.<br />

d. Evaluate the effectiveness <strong>of</strong> stormwater best<br />

practices incorporated into the Cermak/Blue<br />

Island Sustainable Streetscape, in partnership 14. Locally Sourced Materials<br />

with the Metropolitan Water Reclamation<br />

District.<br />

Cermak Road / Blue Island Sustainable Streetscape<br />

• Transportation – Improve bus stop shelters, signage, and lighting;<br />

bike lanes; and install new, accessible sidewalks.<br />

• Energy – Reduce energy use by 40% compared to traditional<br />

streetscapes using reflective surfaces and dark-sky friendly light<br />

fixtures.<br />

• Recycling – Recycle at least 90% <strong>of</strong> construction waste; use recycled<br />

content for at least 10% <strong>of</strong> construction materials.<br />

• Heat – Reduce ambient summer street temperatures on streets and<br />

sidewalks through the use <strong>of</strong> high albedo (more highly reflective)<br />

pavement, permeable pavements, roadway coatings, landscaping<br />

and trees.<br />

73<br />

• Air quality – Use low sulfur fuel for construction vehicles, limit<br />

idling, and use 40% <strong>of</strong> materials which were extracted, harvested,<br />

recovered or manufactured within 500 miles.<br />

• Education – Develop self-guided tour and other outreach materials<br />

to highlight innovative sustainable features.<br />

• Monitoring – Test to assure improvements meet predicted<br />


a more sustainable city<br />

action agenda<br />

4<br />

Promote energy efficiency to reduce energy<br />

consumption.<br />

CDOT owns and operates over a quarter <strong>of</strong> a million streetlights.<br />

While these lights are critical to vehicular and personal safety,<br />

they also consume tremendous amounts <strong>of</strong> energy. The attractive<br />

historically-styled “torch” streetlights throughout the Central<br />

Business District can waste over 60% <strong>of</strong> their energy illuminating<br />

skies and sides rather than the sidewalks and roadways where<br />

the light is needed. The more utilitarian and efficient “cobra-head”<br />

light fixture casts its light down, but still wastes upwards <strong>of</strong> 30%<br />

<strong>of</strong> its energy. At this rate, the typically used high-pressure sodium<br />

lamps (according to 2008 estimates) 12<br />

74<br />

• Draw 73,710 kilowatts <strong>of</strong> power daily;<br />

• Were responsible for 267,086 tons <strong>of</strong> CO 2<br />

production (from<br />

electrical generation);<br />

• Cost the <strong>City</strong> over $14 million in electrical bills.<br />

Fortunately, CDOT is not content with “typical.” The <strong>City</strong> is actively<br />

retr<strong>of</strong>itting signals and streetlights with vastly more energy-efficient<br />

lighting elements and fixtures. These improvements will save<br />

millions in energy costs, reduce unnecessary carbon emissions,<br />

and even reduce “light pollution” that impairs visibility <strong>of</strong> the night<br />

time sky.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> by Day Satellite Photo - Source: NASA<br />

[<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong><br />

owns and<br />

operates<br />

over<br />

250,000<br />

streetlights.<br />

[<br />

Together, the sodium-to-halide conversions will combine to save<br />

15.2 million kilowatt hours annually, prevent the annual emission <strong>of</strong><br />

nearly 10,500 metric tons <strong>of</strong> CO 2<br />

, and save taxpayers $850,000<br />

in electric bills.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> by Night Satellite Photo - Source: NASA

4 » Actions<br />

a. Retr<strong>of</strong>it 1,150 additional traffic signals with LED<br />

lighting by 2012, cutting energy consumption<br />

90%.<br />

b. Replace 250-watt high pressure sodium<br />

lights on 362 blocks <strong>of</strong> residential streets and<br />

11,000 alley fixtures with new “white light”<br />

90- or 140-watt metal halide luminaries by the<br />

end <strong>of</strong> 2012.<br />

c. Replace 400-watt high pressure sodium lights<br />

on segments <strong>of</strong> Lake Shore Drive and Western<br />

Avenue with 315- or 210-watt metal halide<br />

luminaires.<br />

d. Upgrade the lighting around Union Station to<br />

be more energy-efficient and still attractive.<br />

e. Pilot test new technologies for energy<br />

efficiency such as LED street lights, wind and/<br />

or solar- powered street/alley lights, and street<br />

identifiers with wind turbines.<br />

Converting from high-pressure<br />

sodium to halide fixtures:<br />

save<br />

CO 2<br />

$ $<br />

60%<br />

<strong>of</strong><br />

15.2 million kw<br />

<strong>of</strong> power annually<br />

reduce emissions by<br />

10,500 metric tons<br />

<strong>of</strong> CO2<br />

save taxpayers<br />

850,000<br />

in electric bills<br />

energy from<br />

torch style historic<br />

street lights is<br />

wasted illuminating<br />

skies and sides<br />

30%<br />

<strong>of</strong><br />

energy from the<br />

cobra head style light<br />

is wasted illuminating<br />

skies and sides<br />

the typical high pressure<br />

sodium lamps:<br />

draw<br />

CO 2<br />

$ $<br />

73,710 kw<br />

<strong>of</strong> power daily<br />

responsible for<br />

267,086 tons<br />

<strong>of</strong> CO2 production<br />

cost the city<br />

14 million<br />

in electric bills<br />

15. Street Light Retr<strong>of</strong>it Energy Savings<br />

Cermak Road wind/solar<br />

fixture demonstration<br />


a more sustainable city<br />

action agenda<br />

5<br />

Reduce material waste and associated<br />

emissions by increasing the use <strong>of</strong> recycled<br />

materials and other environmentally<br />

preferable practices.<br />

CDOT repaves or reconstructs over 700 blocks <strong>of</strong> street each<br />

year. This represents tons <strong>of</strong> material that must be removed from<br />

our city. Where does all <strong>of</strong> this waste go? Traditionally these<br />

roadway wastes would be ground up and sent to a landfill.<br />

However, much <strong>of</strong> this “waste” can be diverted to still serve a<br />

useful purpose.<br />

For example, in 2011, CDOT began using an asphalt mix for<br />

resurfacing that includes 5% reclaimed asphalt shingles in<br />

addition to 25% reclaimed asphalt pavement for a total recycled<br />

content <strong>of</strong> 30%. The shingles provide increased strength and<br />

stability for the pavement.<br />

[<br />

Reduce<br />

[<br />

When it comes to waste, CDOT will follow the “three R’s” –<br />

76<br />

reduce, reuse and recycle – by incorporating new policies and<br />

applications. This will be good for the environment, good for<br />

the city, and good for our bottom line.<br />

[<br />

Reuse<br />


5 » Actions<br />

a. Divert at least 80% <strong>of</strong> construction waste to<br />

reuse.<br />

b. Divert 75% <strong>of</strong> asphalt from resurfacing to be<br />

reused as binder layer in future projects.<br />

c. Divert 75% <strong>of</strong> concrete from resurfacing to be<br />

reused as stone bed layer in future projects.<br />

d. Use at least 30% recycled-content concrete.<br />

e. Pilot and adopt methods that use less asphalt<br />

depth.<br />

[<br />

Recycle<br />

[<br />



The <strong>Chicago</strong> Sustainable Streets Standards will outline<br />

sustainable design recommendations for the public<br />

right <strong>of</strong> way. Combined with the existing Streetscape<br />

Design Guidelines and new Complete Streets policies<br />

and guidelines, they will include environmental<br />

performance in the definition <strong>of</strong> a “complete street.”<br />

The new design standards will create environmental<br />

performance standards for roadway infrastructure in<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>, and will provide strategies for implementation,<br />

construction details and specifications, and maintenance<br />

protocols. The standards will be scalable to<br />

the wide range <strong>of</strong> CDOT activities, and will be used<br />

to guide both private and public construction in the<br />

public right <strong>of</strong> way. The standards will integrate design<br />

strategies to address the following environmental<br />

goals within the public right <strong>of</strong> way:<br />

• Stormwater Management<br />

• Water Efficiency<br />

• Energy Efficiency<br />

• Urban Heat Island Reduction<br />

• Recycled Materials<br />

• Construction Waste Recycling<br />

77<br />

• Local Materials<br />

• Beauty and Community<br />

• Commissioning

Fuel our Economy

fuel our economy<br />

action agenda<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> is among the world’s top economic markets. Our diverse<br />

economy influences scores <strong>of</strong> industries, and changes in our market<br />

conditions echo across the global marketplace. Metropolitan <strong>Chicago</strong><br />

is the world’s fourth largest regional economy (by GDP), worth over<br />

half a trillion dollars, ranks as the world’s fifth most powerful economic<br />

city (according to Forbes) and is also the world’s fifth most important<br />

[<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> is the 4 th<br />

most important<br />

business center in<br />

the world<br />

[<br />

business center (according to MasterCard Financial). 13 In fields from<br />

aviation to pharmaceuticals, from management consulting to risk<br />

management, and from wind power to the power <strong>of</strong> the daily deal,<br />

local <strong>Chicago</strong> companies lead the world.<br />

Our economic strength comes not only from the global industries and<br />

business interests that call <strong>Chicago</strong> home, but also from the keystone<br />

role our freight networks play in moving goods around the country.<br />

With our roots in rail, <strong>Chicago</strong> is currently the busiest rail hub in the<br />

United States and plays a critical role in moving the nation’s goods.<br />

80<br />

Yet much <strong>of</strong> the city’s economic energy comes from our local<br />

businesses and entrepreneurs who populate our main streets and<br />

boulevards. These are our homegrown economic heroes who have, and<br />

will continue to, create growth in the city and sustain today’s dynamic<br />

and diverse metropolis. The small businesses <strong>of</strong> today are the potential<br />

economic powerhouses <strong>of</strong> tomorrow. They rely on our transportation<br />

investments – not only to provide efficient movement <strong>of</strong> people and<br />

goods, but also to create great public places for their employees and<br />

customers. Our streets and avenues are their address, their signature,<br />

and their identity. The quality <strong>of</strong> public places can greatly influence<br />

the ultimate success <strong>of</strong> these small businesses.

Performance Measures<br />

1. Increase activity, sales revenue, and<br />

occupancy rates in neighborhood<br />

commercial districts.<br />

2. Decrease hours <strong>of</strong> freight rail delay (as<br />

measured by the CREATE Program’s<br />

simulation model).<br />

3. Increase transit mode share for<br />

access trips to O’Hare and Midway<br />

Airports.<br />

4. Increase Amtrak ridership on intercity<br />

passenger rail corridors serving<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> (4) London (1)<br />

New York (2) Paris (8)<br />

Los Angeles (10)<br />

Frankfurt (7)<br />

Seoul (9) Tokyo (3)<br />

Hong Kong (5)<br />

81<br />

Singapore (6)<br />

16. Top 5 GDP’s in the World

fuel our economy<br />

action agenda<br />

1<br />

Make great streets and developments that enhance<br />

commerce and attract jobs.<br />

Great streets are great for business. <strong>Chicago</strong>’s streets and boulevards are among<br />

the most iconic in the nation. The physical character <strong>of</strong> our streets has the capacity<br />

to either help or harm the businesses that line them. Parks, patios and plazas in the<br />

[<br />

Great streets<br />

are great for<br />

business.<br />

[<br />

public right <strong>of</strong> way can improve street safety, increase access to open space, add<br />

additional seating, cultivate community and culture, and increase property values.<br />

Streets are important real estate for commerce as well. They play host to sidewalk<br />

P olicies +<br />

A ctions<br />

vending, outdoor cafes, and street festivals. They define the city’s common identity<br />

and celebrate the unique diversity <strong>of</strong> our many neighborhoods. Careful and<br />

thoughtful design <strong>of</strong> our public right <strong>of</strong> way adds value to our city and our local<br />

business community.<br />

Just as careful design <strong>of</strong> our streets is important, careful review <strong>of</strong> the new<br />

development projects that could redefine these streets is equally important. Well<br />

planned, designed and managed private developments add to, rather than<br />

detract from, the common public space, support a more active and walkable street<br />

82<br />

environment and use a variety <strong>of</strong> modes to support their residents, workers and<br />

patrons rather than overloading any one.<br />

CDOT wants commercial streets that are as dynamic and lively as our city itself.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> has been a national leader in making our streets unique celebrations <strong>of</strong><br />

the local community – work we look forward to continuing.

1 » Actions<br />

a. Finish primary construction tasks on a new<br />

US Highway 41 through the old USX Steel<br />

Mill site, between 79th and 92nd streets.<br />

New roadway, utilities, lighting, sidewalks,<br />

landscaping, signals, parkways and more will<br />

facilitate development <strong>of</strong> a site ready for new<br />

retailers and residences.<br />

b. Complete the design <strong>of</strong> the 71st Street<br />

Streetscape (South Shore Drive to Jeffrey<br />

Boulevard) to organize street use for safety,<br />

expanded mobility, and support for local<br />

businesses.<br />

c. Finish the Cermak Road Sustainable<br />

Streetscape Project.<br />

d. Finish final engineering design <strong>of</strong> the Lawrence<br />

Avenue Streetscape (Western Avenue to Clark<br />

Street), widening sidewalks, adding trees,<br />

calming traffic, improving safety, enhancing<br />

travel options and managing stormwater.<br />

g. Investigate the feasibility <strong>of</strong> new plazas and<br />

patios in underutilized portions <strong>of</strong> the public<br />

right <strong>of</strong> way and implement pilot site locations<br />

by 2013.<br />

h. Challenge business associations and other<br />

partners to install at least 10 additional onstreet<br />

bike parking corrals by 2013 toward a<br />

target <strong>of</strong> 25 by 2014.<br />

i. Develop standards for traffic impact analyses<br />

and adopt into zoning guidelines for Planning<br />

Commission submission.<br />

j. Develop guidelines for Transportation Demand<br />

Management plans to inform development<br />

planning and ensure traffic impacts are<br />

mitigated.<br />

Giddings Plaza in Lincoln Square<br />


Make Way for People is a CDOT pilot program aimed<br />

at improving neighborhood livability by encouraging<br />

pedestrian activity, increasing access to open space,<br />

and improving street safety.<br />

Three elements <strong>of</strong> the program are:<br />

• People Spots – Build “parklets” and popup<br />

cafes on platforms in the parking lane to<br />

reposition seating space on streets with narrow<br />

sidewalks or high pedestrian volumes.<br />

• People Streets - Convert underused asphalt<br />

areas into hardscape parks to create safer<br />

intersections and more public open space<br />

where it is most needed.<br />

• People Plazas – Activate existing CDOT<br />

malls, plazas, and intersection triangles to<br />

programming new community and retail<br />

activities.<br />

e. Design and begin reconstruction by 2014 on<br />

the next segments <strong>of</strong> three major commercial<br />

streets: Milwaukee Avenue (Kilpatrick to<br />

Belmont); Grand Avenue (Pulaski to Damen)<br />

and Lake Street (Damen to the Kennedy<br />

Expressway).<br />

83<br />

f. Develop a permit process for “pop-up” uses<br />

<strong>of</strong> public way and support efforts <strong>of</strong> the<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> Loop Alliance to pilot “pop-up cafes”<br />


fuel our economy<br />

action agenda<br />

2<br />

Improve freight rail operations and facilities in<br />

the <strong>Chicago</strong> hub to improve mobility, reliability,<br />

and competitiveness.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> grew up around rail; it is both our history and our future.<br />

Our rail infrastructure is critical not only to the region but to the<br />

nation’s commerce. Over 500 freight trains pass through the<br />

2 » Actions<br />

a. Complete primary work on the 130th/Torrence<br />

grade separation by 2013.<br />

b. Finish the citywide viaduct improvements funded<br />

by the federal TIGER Program grant in 2012.<br />

c. Coordinate efforts with Metra as the<br />

Englewood Flyover project begins construction<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> region daily, carrying 25% <strong>of</strong> the nation’s freight. Trains<br />

for completion in 2014.<br />

in this crowded hub contend with lines that cross one another,<br />

d. Start planning and design for CREATE program<br />

bridges that must open for canal ships, conflicts with major auto<br />

corridors, and schedules for shared use <strong>of</strong> rail lines by Metra,<br />

Amtrak, and freight railroads.<br />

grade separation projects at Archer/Kenton and<br />

Columbus/Maplewood.<br />

e. Identify additional available funding sources<br />

and work with CREATE partners to apply for<br />

To maintain <strong>Chicago</strong>’s competitive advantage in rail freight, we<br />

must invest to modernize our rail infrastructure. The <strong>Chicago</strong> Region<br />

Environmental and Transportation Efficiency (CREATE) program is<br />

a first-<strong>of</strong>-its-kind partnership between the city <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong>, state<br />

<strong>of</strong> Illinois, and all <strong>of</strong> the railroads in the region. It has identified<br />

grants, as appropriate.<br />

f. Work with CREATE partners to initiate, continue<br />

and complete construction as more funds for<br />

projects are secured.<br />

g. Work with partners to implement a legislative<br />

strategy for CREATE during the upcoming<br />

84<br />

70 critical projects to decongest the region’s rail system and add<br />

capacity for future economic growth. CDOT, as a central partner,<br />

will continue to advance implementation <strong>of</strong> CREATE projects within<br />

our jurisdiction.<br />

federal transportation legislation reauthorization<br />

process.<br />

h. Continually update public outreach materials<br />

including: presentations, photo libraries, fact<br />

sheets, and the computer animation <strong>of</strong> key train<br />

movements.<br />

i. Refine the economic analysis benefits <strong>of</strong><br />

CREATE projects and national logistics cost<br />

savings.<br />

j. Evaluate the feasibility <strong>of</strong> alternative freight<br />

rail routings on the far south side to address<br />

community impacts <strong>of</strong> existing at-grade<br />

crossings and future transit needs.

Over 1,200<br />

trains pass<br />

through<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong>land<br />

[each day.<br />

[<br />

CREATE<br />

Freight rail moves the economy – quite literally – and the <strong>Chicago</strong> region has long been a hub<br />

<strong>of</strong> rail activity. Each day, approximately 500 freight trains pass through the region handling<br />

one-fourth <strong>of</strong> the nation’s freight rail traffic. The growth <strong>of</strong> both passenger and freight rail, and<br />

the intermingling <strong>of</strong> both together with motorways, has increased congestion and delay for all<br />

modes to the point that it threatens the goods economy.<br />

The rail lines built more than a century ago were not configured for the volumes and types <strong>of</strong><br />

freight being carried currently, and <strong>Chicago</strong> has become the largest U.S. rail freight chokepoint.<br />

Over the next 30 years, demand for freight rail service in <strong>Chicago</strong> is expected to nearly double,<br />

assuming we can meet that demand.<br />

Thus arose CREATE – the <strong>Chicago</strong> Region Environmental and Transportation Efficiency Program<br />

– a first-<strong>of</strong>-its-kind partnership founded in 2003 between the U.S. DOT, the state <strong>of</strong> Illinois, city<br />

<strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong>, Metra, Amtrak, and the nation’s freight railroads. A project <strong>of</strong> national significance,<br />

CREATE will invest billions in critically needed improvements to increase the efficiency <strong>of</strong> the<br />

regional (and national) passenger and freight rail infrastructure and enhance the quality <strong>of</strong> life<br />

for <strong>Chicago</strong>-area residents.<br />

The work includes:<br />

• Common Operational Picture, which is the integration <strong>of</strong> information from dispatch<br />

systems <strong>of</strong> all major railroads in the region into a single display<br />

• 25 new roadway overpasses or underpasses to separate traffic from trains<br />

• 6 new rail overpasses or underpasses to separate passenger trains from freight lines<br />

• 37 freight rail projects, including extensive upgrades <strong>of</strong> tracks, switches and signal systems<br />

• Viaduct improvement projects<br />

85<br />

• Grade crossing safety enhancements<br />

When it is completed, the benefits <strong>of</strong> CREATE will include:<br />

• $3.6 billion annual economic benefit from greater efficiency <strong>of</strong> freight rail<br />

• 1,460 fewer tons <strong>of</strong> nitrogen oxides (NOx) annually (equivalent <strong>of</strong> 7 NOx-free summer<br />

days).<br />

• 438 fewer tons <strong>of</strong> carbon monoxide (CO) annually<br />

• 7 to 18 million fewer gallons <strong>of</strong> diesel fuel used<br />

• 3,000 hours saved by motorists each day<br />

• 17,000 jobs sustained through 2020 in northeast Illinois<br />

Signals at Corwith Intermodal were replaced by the CREATE program,<br />

improving Metra and Amtrak reliability.<br />

• 15 lives saved and countless injuries avoided due to the 25 grade separations

fuel our economy<br />

action agenda<br />

3<br />

Improve services and operations for truck mobility for the<br />

efficient movement <strong>of</strong> goods and economic competitiveness<br />

<strong>of</strong> the central city.<br />

Trucks are critical to economic development, business operations and service<br />

delivery. Nearly every business sector relies on truck deliveries in some form or<br />

fashion. Trucks play a role in nearly every trip chain, whether it is bringing flowers<br />

from Ecuador to the local florist, documents from Indonesia to Boeing headquarters,<br />

or tortillas from Pilsen and Little Village factories to taquerias and groceries. 14<br />

These trucks literally drive our economy and it is vital that they be accommodated,<br />

properly managed, and effectively served. This will mean making it easier for<br />

trucks to find the best time and place to load and unload their goods, as well as<br />

providing better information to allow drivers to get to their destinations as efficiently<br />

as possible.<br />


3 » Actions<br />

a. Evaluate curbside loading zones to encourage<br />

commercial use only, simple enforcement, and<br />

increased turnover and availability.<br />

Kennedy Expressway<br />

b. Explore intelligent transportation systems to<br />

provide better information to the trucking<br />

industry regarding congestion conditions and<br />

availability <strong>of</strong> public loading areas.<br />

c. Identify and implement additional loading<br />

zones in “hot spot” areas.<br />

d. Complete a truck route planning study and<br />

develop truck route system maps, website and<br />

GIS layer for a travel advisory system to assist<br />

commercial vehicle operators in planning trips<br />

and anticipating detours.<br />


fuel our economy<br />

action agenda<br />

4<br />

Be a leader – and a partner – in the region.<br />

A strong region makes for strong cities. This is especially true in large, complex<br />

urban areas where the actions <strong>of</strong> any individual municipality or agency can<br />

have implications throughout the region. This is why <strong>Chicago</strong> supports and<br />

actively seeks intergovernmental agreements and cooperation from a vast<br />

array <strong>of</strong> agencies, municipalities and other governmental entities in our<br />

unrelenting quest to improve the quality <strong>of</strong> life for our residents and visitors.<br />

17. Civic / Agency Partnerships<br />

Active<br />

Transportation<br />

Alliance<br />

Center for<br />

Neighborhood<br />

Technology<br />

Programs<br />

Bus Rapid Transit +<br />

Streets for Cycling<br />

Bus Rapid Transit<br />

Our relationship with our suburban neighbors is multifaceted; occasionally<br />

competitors, but <strong>of</strong>ten collaborators. Many agencies, both public and private,<br />

as well as the for-pr<strong>of</strong>it and not-for-pr<strong>of</strong>it organizations play important and<br />

<strong>of</strong>ten unique roles in the continued development <strong>of</strong> our city and region. Each<br />

brings a certain expertise and agenda to the table. We welcome and seek<br />

input, advice and information from all concerned and will continue to work to<br />

improve our standing as a regional leader to represent the needs and desires<br />

<strong>of</strong> the citizens <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong>.<br />

Partners<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong><br />

Architecture<br />

Foundation<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong><br />

Community<br />

Trust<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong><br />

Metropolitan<br />

Agency for Planning<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong><br />

Transit<br />

Authority<br />

Bus Rapid Transit<br />

Bus Rapid Transit<br />

Goto 2040 +<br />

Regional Policy<br />

Bus Rapid Transit +<br />

Bike Sharing<br />

88<br />

Civic<br />

Consulting<br />

Alliance<br />

Illinois<br />

Department <strong>of</strong><br />

Transportation<br />

Metropolitan<br />

Mayor’s<br />

Caucus<br />

Metropolitan<br />

Planning<br />

Council<br />

Bus Rapid Transit +<br />

Make Way for People<br />

Complete Streets<br />

Regional Policy +<br />

Anti-Idling Campaign<br />

Commute Options +<br />

Travel Demand Mgmt program<br />

The Sauganash Trail and Lincolnwood’s new Skokie Valley Trail will meet<br />

at Devon to serve both communities.<br />

Regional<br />

Transportation<br />

Authority<br />

Commute Options +<br />

Travel Demand Mgmt program +<br />

Transit Signal Priority

4 » Actions<br />

a. Continue to work with the <strong>Chicago</strong><br />

Metropolitan Agency for Planning (CMAP) and<br />

other agencies on the implementation <strong>of</strong> the<br />

regional comprehensive plan, GOTO 2040.<br />

Several major capital projects and other<br />

initiatives support the goals and objectives <strong>of</strong><br />

the <strong>City</strong> and <strong>of</strong> GOTO2040; these include<br />

the West Loop Transportation Center, Union<br />

Station Master Plan, and the CTA Red Line<br />

Extension.<br />

b. Work with the Regional Transportation<br />

Authority (RTA), the Metropolitan Planning<br />

Council (MPC) and others to develop and<br />

implement the Commute Options program, and<br />

coordinate with the <strong>City</strong>’s new Travel Demand<br />

Management program.<br />

e. Work with CMAP, the Metropolitan Mayors<br />

Caucus, and other interested parties on<br />

regional policy initiatives related to the<br />

allocation and sharing <strong>of</strong> Federal and State<br />

transportation funding.<br />

f. Work with IDOT and other partners to develop<br />

design standards specific to highly urbanized<br />

areas in order to minimize design variance<br />

requests that delay roadway improvements<br />

and add unnecessary costs.<br />

g. Assist the Metropolitan Mayor’s Caucus<br />

in starting a Federally-funded anti-idling<br />

campaign at city and suburban schools.<br />

c. Continue Bus Rapid Transit planning efforts<br />

in cooperation with CTA and civic partners<br />

such as the Metropolitan Planning Council<br />

(MPC), <strong>Chicago</strong> Community Trust (CCT),<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> Architecture Foundation (CAF), Active<br />

Transportation Alliance (ActiveTrans), Civic<br />

Consulting Alliance (CCA), and the Center for<br />

Neighborhood Technology (CNT).<br />

89<br />

d. Continue to coordinate with adjacent suburbs<br />

on trail developments that cross municipal<br />

boundaries, such the Sauganash/Skokie Valley<br />

Trail and Weber Spur Trail corridors with the<br />

Village <strong>of</strong> Lincolnwood and the Cal-Sag Trail<br />

with several southern suburbs.<br />

Devon Avenue Shopping

fuel our economy<br />

action agenda<br />

5<br />

Improve <strong>Chicago</strong>’s and <strong>Chicago</strong>ans’ connections<br />

to the nation and the world via air and rail.<br />

Safe, efficient, and reliable travel between <strong>Chicago</strong> and other<br />

national and global destinations is absolutely critical to the city‘s<br />

economy and vitality. O’Hare and Midway airports are among<br />

Daily the busiest Average passenger airports <strong>of</strong> in O’hare the nation and Passengers<br />

connect <strong>Chicago</strong><br />

to hundreds <strong>of</strong> cities around the globe.<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> is also a major passenger rail hub with more than three<br />

5 » Actions<br />

a. Coordinate with IDOT to determine preferred<br />

routes for higher speed passenger rail within<br />

the <strong>City</strong>.<br />

b. Identify strategic and feasible opportunities for<br />

integrating O’Hare Airport into the Midwest<br />

passenger rail network.<br />

c. Explore the feasibility <strong>of</strong> further improvements<br />

to transit connections between Downtown and<br />

O’Hare and Midway Airports.<br />

million intercity and long distance passenger rail travelers using<br />

d. Support University <strong>of</strong> Illinois researchers at<br />

Amtrak trains at <strong>Chicago</strong>’s Union Station each year. As the hub<br />

<strong>of</strong> the planned Midwest high speed passenger rail network,<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> will connect the Great Lakes region and benefit from the<br />

work on the State <strong>of</strong> Illinois Feasibility Study<br />

for Very High Speed Rail to ensure timely<br />

completion <strong>of</strong> their reports.<br />

competitive advantages that brings.<br />

80 M<br />

75 M<br />

90<br />

Passenger Volume<br />

70 M<br />

65 M<br />

60 M<br />

72,144,244<br />

67,448,064<br />

66,565,952<br />

69,508,672<br />

O’Hare is the<br />

world’s 4th<br />

busiest airport for<br />

passengers and 2nd<br />

[for flights landed.<br />

75,533,822 76,581,146 76,282,212 76,182,025 70,819,015<br />

[<br />

64,397,782<br />

67,026,191<br />

2000<br />

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010<br />

18. Daily Passenger Average at O’Hare International Airport<br />

Calendar Year

Flags <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong>’s worldwide Sister Cities, O’Hare Airport<br />

91<br />

19. Midwest Regional Initiative - Proposed HSR Network

concluding remarks<br />

action agenda<br />

onWaRD<br />

In the preceding pages, CDOT has presented our vision<br />

for the future and an agenda for the actions we will take<br />

over the next 24 months to move <strong>Chicago</strong> <strong>Forward</strong>.<br />

Our goals are to make <strong>Chicago</strong> safer, well maintained,<br />

full <strong>of</strong> options, well served, greener, and economically<br />

stronger– Now it is time to get to work.<br />

Follow our projects and progress at these locations:<br />

• www.chicagodot.org<br />

• www.facebook.com/CDOTNews<br />

• twitter.com/<strong>Chicago</strong>DOT or follow @<strong>Chicago</strong>DOT if you are a<br />

member.<br />


concluding remarks<br />

exHIbIT lIsT<br />

action agenda<br />


1. <strong>City</strong>-Wide Pedestrian Crash Trends 19<br />

Source: <strong>City</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong> 2011 Pedestrian Crash analysis summary report - 2010 Census<br />

Summary File 3<br />

2. Rendering <strong>of</strong> Damen-Elston-Fullerton proposed alignment 21<br />

Source: CDOT<br />

3. Vehicle and Pedestrian Collision Speed Survival Percentage 22<br />

Source: U.K. Department <strong>of</strong> Transportation, Killing Speed and Saving Lives, London, 1987<br />

4. Red-Light Camera Locations 23<br />

Source: CDOT<br />

REBUILD & RENEW 26<br />

5. 55/45 Split for Illinois Transportation Funding 36<br />

Source: GOTO 2040 Plan, pg. 260. <br />


6. Example Complete Streets Rendering 43<br />

Source: Sam Schwartz Engineering<br />

94<br />

7. Childrens’ Travel Patterns to School 43<br />

Source: 2009 National Household Travel Survey<br />

8. Major U.S. Bicycle Commuter Percentage 45<br />

Source: 2010 American Community Survey Statistics<br />

9. <strong>Chicago</strong> Annual Ridership (1997 - 2010) 46<br />

Source: 2011 Annual Ridership: CDOT, CTA, METRA, PACE<br />

10. 2010, <strong>Chicago</strong> Transit Ridership Percentage by mode 47<br />

Source: 2011 Annual Ridership: CDOT, CTA, METRA, PACE


11. Customer Service Time Distribution 56<br />

Source: CDOT<br />


12. Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions from Transportation 69<br />

Source: John Davies + Christiano Facanha, “Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Freight Trucks”,<br />

May 16, 2007: International Emissions Inventory Conference<br />

13. Green Alley Program Benefits 71<br />

Source: CDOT, “The <strong>Chicago</strong> Green Alley Handbook, an action guide to create a greener,<br />

environmentally sustainable <strong>Chicago</strong>”; 2010<br />

14. Locally Sourced Materials 73<br />

15. Street Light Retr<strong>of</strong>it Energy Savings 75<br />

Source: CDOT<br />


16. Top 5 GDP’s in the World 81<br />

Source: CNN, , December<br />

17, 2011.<br />

17. Civic / Agency Partnerships 88<br />

Source: CDOT<br />

95<br />

18. Daily Passenger Average at O’Hare International Airport 90<br />

Source: O’Hare International Airport, < http://www.flychicago.com/BusinessInformation/<br />

Statistics/Default.aspx>, December 17, 2011.<br />

19. Midwest Regional Initiative - Proposed HSR Network 91<br />

Source: Midwest Interstate Passenger Rail Commission, , April 02, 2012.

concluding remarks<br />

PHoTo CReDITs<br />

action agenda<br />

All photos are courtesy <strong>of</strong> the <strong>City</strong> <strong>of</strong> <strong>Chicago</strong> and Sam Schwartz Engineering, except for<br />

the following:<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> Transit Authority (CTA),<br />

» Original front and back cover images, pages 4, 28 (bottom), 29 (left), 34 (right), 35 (right), 48 (left, top,<br />

middle), 49 (all), 55, 60 (left), 62<br />

<strong>Chicago</strong> History Museum, Library <strong>of</strong> Congress - <strong>Chicago</strong> Daily news historical<br />

» Pages 8–9 (images incorporated into the Timeline - 1800 and 1920)<br />

CREATE<br />

» Pages 84, 85<br />

flickr.com and private collections<br />

» Pages 2, 6, 8–9 (timeline images), 17 (left), 20 (left), 22 (left), 30 (right), 34 (left), 35 (top left), 37 (all),<br />

40 (middle, bottom), 42, 48 (bottom), 50, 58 (right), 61 (top left, bottom), 69 (top), 72 (bottom), 74, 81,<br />

86, 87 (top left, top right, bottom left), 88, 89 (bottom)<br />

NASA<br />

» Page 74<br />


enD noTes<br />

1. Page 12 - http://explorechicago.org/etc/medialib/explore_chicago/tourism/pdfs_press_releases/chica<br />

go_<strong>of</strong>fice_<strong>of</strong>.Par.83640.File.dat/Statistics_2009.pdf<br />

2. Page 12 - http://www.businessinsider.com/gdp-by-city-2011-3#3-chicago-ill-23<br />

3. Page 12 - http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1247573<br />

4. Page 12 - http://www.bls.gov/eag/eag.il_chicago_msa.htm<br />

5. Page 12 - http://goo.gl/w03Ma<br />

6. Page 43 - http://archive.chicagobreakingnews.com/2009/07/illinois-obesity-children-obesity.html<br />

7. Page 43 - http://www.clocc.net/coc/prevalence.html<br />

8. Page 43 - Illinois Cardio Vascular Task Force, June 2000<br />

9. Page 43 - http://kaiserhealthnews.org/Stories/2010/July/16/FT-obesity-workplace-costs.aspx<br />

10. Page 44 - http://www.cmap.illinois.gov/travel-tracker-survey<br />

11. Page 44 - http://www.walkfriendly.org/communities/community.cfm?ID=83<br />

12. Page 74 - http://www.illinoislighting.org/chicago.html<br />

13. Page 80 - http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1247573<br />

» http://www.forbes.com/2008/07/15/economic-growth-gdp-biz-cx_jz_0715powercities.html<br />

» http://goo.gl/w03Ma<br />

» http://www.citymayors.com/economics/financial-cities.html<br />

14. Page 86 - http://www.wbez.org/story/news/economy/blizzard-spurs-temporary-tortilla-shortage<br />


concluding remarks<br />

PolICy summaRy<br />

action agenda<br />

98<br />




1. Evaluation: Gather and use data to assess the root causes <strong>of</strong> transportation safety<br />

hazards and address them in a systematic and sustainable way.<br />

2. Engineering: Develop standards and complete designs to ensure the safety <strong>of</strong> all users,<br />

including pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, children, seniors, and people with disabilities.<br />

3. Enforcement: Partner with sister agencies to refocus enforcement efforts to protect the<br />

safety <strong>of</strong> all users, particularly the most vulnerable.<br />

4. Education: Promote awareness to all residents and travelers on safe habits to decrease<br />

transportation risks and increase safe, efficient, and enjoyable travel in the city.<br />

1. Make it last with maintenance.<br />

2. Fix it first and build it better.<br />

3. Inspect and coordinate.<br />

4. Seek equitable and reliable resources for these efforts.<br />

1. More fully and consistently implement <strong>Chicago</strong>’s Complete Streets Policy.<br />

2. Make <strong>Chicago</strong> the best big city in America for cycling and walking.<br />

3. Provide all residents, workers, and visitors with efficient, affordable, and attractive<br />

transit services.<br />

4. Improve intermodal connections and operations.<br />

5. Ensure predictable, safe, and reliable motor vehicle operations.<br />


1. Improve responsiveness.<br />

2. Enhance transparency and public communications.<br />

3. Disseminate customer information.<br />

4. Build agency and staff capacities and increase efficiencies.<br />

1. Support the <strong>Chicago</strong> Climate Action Plan.<br />

2. Enhance CDOT’s GreenStreets Program.<br />

3. Reduce stormwater run-<strong>of</strong>f quantity while improving quality.<br />

4. Promote energy efficiency to reduce energy consumption.<br />

5. Reduce material waste and associated emissions by increasing<br />

the use <strong>of</strong> recycled materials and other environmentally<br />

preferable practices.<br />

1. Make great streets and developments that enhance commerce<br />

and attract jobs.<br />

2. Improve freight rail operations and facilities in the <strong>Chicago</strong> hub<br />

to improve mobility, reliability, and competitiveness.<br />

3. Improve services and operations for truck mobility for the efficient<br />

movement <strong>of</strong> goods and economic competitiveness <strong>of</strong> the central<br />

city.<br />

4. Be a leader – and a partner – in the region.<br />

5. Improve <strong>Chicago</strong>’s and <strong>Chicago</strong>ans’ connections to the nation<br />

and the world via air and rail.

aCknoWleDGemenTs<br />

Rahm Emanuel, Mayor<br />

Publishers<br />

Gabe Klein | CDOT Commissioner<br />

Scott Kubly | CDOT Managing Deputy Commissioner<br />

Luann Hamilton | CDOT Deputy Commissioner, Project Development<br />

Editor + Project Manager<br />

Keith Privett | Project Manager<br />

Head Writer<br />

Karina Ricks | Consultant/Writer<br />

Graphics + Design<br />

Contributors<br />

Jennifer Altin, Mike Amsden, Janet Attarian,<br />

Samantha Bingham, Jeff Brink, Dan Burke,<br />

Oswaldo Chaves, William Cheaks, Abraham Emanuel,<br />

Chris Gagnon, Jeff Goliber, Ben Gomberg,<br />

Kiersten Grove, Jill Hayes, Hannah Higgins,<br />

Vasile Jurca, Soliman Khudiera, David Leopold,<br />

Kenneth Martin, Brenda McGruder, Dolan McMillan,<br />

Sarah Miller, Yadollah Montazery, Johnny Morcos,<br />

Jay Orlando, Anthony Pellegrini, Rajiv Pinto,<br />

Anthony Rainey, Chelsea Richer, John Sadler,<br />

Malihe Samadi, Julian Silva, David Seglin,<br />

Charlie Short, Bridget Stalla, Jeff Sriver, Charlene Walsh,<br />

Sean Wiedel, Chris Wuellner, Jesus Yepez, John Yonan,<br />

David Zavattero<br />

Special Thanks<br />

Graham Garfield + Joe Iacobucci, CTA<br />

Sam Schwartz EnginEEring<br />

Mark de la Vergne | Project Director<br />

Matthew Bernstine | Project Manager + Designer<br />

Jee Mee Kim | QA/QC Manager<br />

Danny Garwood | Designer<br />

Dan Miodonski | Planner<br />

Stacey Meekins | Planner<br />

Printing by:<br />

The Blueprint Shoppe, Inc.<br />

99<br />

altamanu<br />

John Mac Manus | Principal<br />

Sean McKay | Designer



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