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Christian Poulsen

Christian Poulsen

Christian Poulsen Swedish Questionnaire on working conditions ______________________________________________________________________________ State of the art The following is a compilation of the empiric work (quantitatively and qualitatively) on academia and career chances with a special emphasis on gender. The list is elaborated of reports on women and equal opportunities in Sweden during the last decade most of them relying on statistics or quantitative methods 2 . For studies based on qualitative approaches I will ask the reader to consult FG IV Poulsen and Martín (unpublished), and Schenk (2001 and 2002). State level: - The National Agency for Higher Education (Högskoleverket) has in their affinity to live up to their responsibility of supervising universities and university colleges, to evaluate examination decrees and the development of higher education in Sweden and Europe, undertaken some interesting studies on women and academe. These are: “Karriär genom befordran och rekrytering” (2001), “Goda exempel hur universitet och högskolor kan arbeta med jämställdhet, studieinflytande samt social och etnisk mångfald” (2000), “Genus och jämställhet. En utvärdering av JÄSTprojektet 1993/1994-1996/1997” (2000) by Lisbeth Lewander and Birgitta Jordansson. All are published by Högskoleverket and printed in Sweden. - Moreover the ministry of Education and Science (Utbildningsdepartementet) has published “Värderingar av kvinnors respektive mäns meriter vid tjänstetillsättning inom universitet och högskolor” (1996) by Ulla Riis and Leif Lindberg. The study is to my knowledge the largest investigation undertaken of its kind in Sweden. It investigates how many publications women and men have when they apply for a position in the higher education sector and how their success rate is. - The Council for Planning and Co-ordination of research (Forskningsrådsnämnden) published the often cited ”Varför beviljas så få kvinnor forskningsbidrag” (1993) by Anita Nyberg#. - Finally, the National Office for Gender Studies (Nationella sekretariatet för genusforskning) published the sugesting title ”Jämställdhetens villkor – Politiska intentioners möte med den akademiska världen: Exemplet ”Thamprofessurerna””,1, (1999). Carl Tham was a minister of Education who tried to increase the number of women full professors by creating special funds for professorships reserved for women. This politic met considerable resistance among the academic community. Although the report does not use own data it is included in this section because of its central place in the Swedish debate. The report is written as an evaluation of the 2 The list was elaborated from data Anett Schenk kindly supplied. 4

Christian Poulsen Swedish Questionnaire on working conditions ______________________________________________________________________________ professorships (and the other Tham-positions) that were given to strengthen the position of women and of that of gender studies. Studies taken place at universities: - Halmstad University College: Ulla Johansson (FD) were during 2000-2002 undertaking a study called “Kvinnor I akademien”. Departing from an international symposium by the Academy of Management in Toronto 2002 the group of study discus women’s working condition with a gender angle. - Royal Technical College: Mai-Britt Hanström is leading a project called “Rekrytering av kvinnor till forskarutbildning och akademisk karriär”, that deals with how doctoral students are recruited at Royal Technical College and SU. The project resulted in a publication, Kvinnor och män, lika möjligheter till forskning? Rapport från KTH´s jämställdhetskomité, Stockholm (2000), which explores the obstacles women face to make an academic career. Currently the KTH is setting up a training and research network with similar conditions as Women in European Universities. - Mai-Britt Hanström also completed another study “Kvinnliga teknologie och filosofie doktorers karriärmönster”, on obstacles for women on the further career from dissertation and forward. - Lund University: Karin Jonnergård is 1997-2000 following 12 female doctoral students over a period of time to see which strategies they use to get integrated into male dominated settings, in the project “Kvinnliga immigrationsstrategier – om samspelet mellan kvinnors karriärstrategier och institutionella förutsätningar inom universitetsvärlden”. - Of considerable interest to gender researchers is also the series of studies on gender and gender equality at the sociological departments of Swedish universities. The series is called Jämställdhets- och genusperspektiv vid … and includes a questionnaire study at each department. The series is published as Research Reports 1998: 8, 9, 10, 12, 13 by the Department of Sociology, Lund University. - Stockholm University: Ylva Elwin-Nowak was 1991-1994 leading the project “Kvinnor I matematiken. Et trevligt inslag på lika villkor” that resulted in a book with the same title by Jacobsson, C and Elwin-Nowak, Y, Högskolans Grundutbildningsråds skriftserie, nr. 14 (1994). A questionnaire and interviewstudy was conducted to explore the difficulties for women at a faculty of mathematics. The results of the study lead to changes in the study plan at the faculty. - Umeå University: Sylvia Benckert runs a project from 1993-2000 with the title ”Kvinnliga fysiker och kemister 1900-1989”, where she maps the number of women in physics and chemistry in the last decade. 5

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