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Monthly Bulletin April 2008 - European Central Bank - Europa

Monthly Bulletin April 2008 - European Central Bank - Europa

Monthly Bulletin April 2008 - European Central Bank -

EN EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK MONTHLY BULLETIN 04 1 2008 01 1 2008 021 2008 031 2008 04 1 2008 05 1 2008 061 2008 071 2008 08 1 2008 09 1 2008 10 1 2008 111 2008 MONTHLY BULLETIN APRIL

  • Page 2 and 3: In 2008 all ECB publications featur
  • Page 4 and 5: CONTENTS EDITORIAL 5 ECONOMIC AND M
  • Page 6 and 7: EDITORIAL At its meeting on 10 Apri
  • Page 8: EDITORIAL upside risks to price sta
  • Page 11 and 12: On 18 March the US Federal Open Mar
  • Page 13 and 14: LATIN AMERICA In Latin America, eco
  • Page 15 and 16: 2 MONETARY AND FINANCIAL DEVELOPMEN
  • Page 17 and 18: The annual growth rate of marketabl
  • Page 19 and 20: Over the 12 months to February 2008
  • Page 21 and 22: this pattern. The three-month annua
  • Page 23 and 24: Chart 9 Money market interest rates
  • Page 25 and 26: Euro area five-year forward break-e
  • Page 27 and 28: eflect genuine changes in inflation
  • Page 29 and 30: Table 4 MFI interest rates on new b
  • Page 31 and 32: points, banks do not appear to have
  • Page 33 and 34: 3 PRICES AND COSTS In March 2008 an
  • Page 35 and 36: contrast, the annual growth rate of
  • Page 37 and 38: As in past years, services items ma
  • Page 39 and 40: February, after having increased by
  • Page 41 and 42: Looking ahead, the rise in labour c
  • Page 43 and 44: These positive developments should
  • Page 45 and 46: a high level and underpin the asses
  • Page 47 and 48: Looking ahead, increasing labour su
  • Page 49 and 50: Survey convey a similar picture. No
  • Page 51 and 52: options, whereas this measure of vo
  • Page 53 and 54:

    5.2 BALANCE OF PAYMENTS The euro ar

  • Page 55 and 56:

    Chart B Export market share of sele

  • Page 57 and 58:

    The January data suggest that cross

  • Page 59 and 60:

    of financial factors in explaining

  • Page 61 and 62:

    Financial factors have generally be

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    Chart 5 Internal financing and inve

  • Page 65 and 66:

    Relationship between investment and

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    Box 2 QUANTIFYING THE IMPACT OF FIN

  • Page 69 and 70:

    At the macroeconomic level, financi

  • Page 71 and 72:

    Stylised weekly data release calend

  • Page 73 and 74:

    euro area demand components of GDP,

  • Page 75 and 76:

    4 CONCLUSIONS Policy-makers depend

  • Page 77 and 78:

    last December. In addition, a list

  • Page 79 and 80:

    and supervisory setting to support

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    3 THE EU FINANCIAL STABILITY ARRANG

  • Page 83 and 84:

    working group were approved by the

  • Page 85 and 86:

    eal economies. In this context, a c

  • Page 87 and 88:

    winding-up of a cross-border bankin

  • Page 89:

    EURO AREA STATISTICS ECB Monthly Bu

  • Page 92 and 93:

    6.3 Change in debt S57 6.4 Quarterl

  • Page 94 and 95:

    1 MONETARY POLICY STATISTICS 1.1 Co

  • Page 96 and 97:

    1), 2) 1.3 Eurosystem monetary poli

  • Page 98 and 99:

    2 MONEY, BANKING AND INVESTMENT FUN

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    2.3 Monetary statistics 1) (EUR bil

  • Page 102 and 103:

    1), 2) 2.4 MFI loans, breakdown (EU

  • Page 104 and 105:

    1), 2) 2.4 MFI loans, breakdown (EU

  • Page 106 and 107:

    1), 2) 2.5 Deposits held with MFIs,

  • Page 108 and 109:

    1), 2) 2.6 MFI holdings of securiti

  • Page 110 and 111:

    2.8 Currency breakdown of selected

  • Page 112 and 113:

    2.9 Aggregated balance sheet of eur

  • Page 114 and 115:

    3 EURO AREA ACCOUNTS 3.1 Integrated

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    3.1 Integrated economic and financi

  • Page 118 and 119:

    3.2 Euro area non-financial account

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    3.3 Households (EUR billions; four-

  • Page 122 and 123:

    3.5 Insurance corporations and pens

  • Page 124 and 125:

    4.2 Securities, other than shares,

  • Page 126 and 127:

    4.3 Growth rates of securities, oth

  • Page 128 and 129:

    4.4 Quoted shares issued by euro ar

  • Page 130 and 131:

    4.5 MFI interest rates on euro-deno

  • Page 132 and 133:

    4.6 Money market interest rates (pe

  • Page 134 and 135:

    4.8 Stock market indices (index lev

  • Page 136 and 137:

    5.1 HICP, other prices and costs (a

  • Page 138 and 139:

    5.2 Output and demand 1. GDP and ex

  • Page 140 and 141:

    5.2 Output and demand (annual perce

  • Page 142 and 143:

    5.3 Labour markets 1) (annual perce

  • Page 144 and 145:

    6.2 Debt 1) (as a percentage of GDP

  • Page 146 and 147:

    6.4 Quarterly revenue, expenditure

  • Page 148 and 149:

    7 EXTERNAL 7.1 Summary balance of p

  • Page 150 and 151:

    7.2 Current and capital accounts (E

  • Page 152 and 153:

    7.3 Financial account (EUR billions

  • Page 154 and 155:

    7.3 Financial account (EUR billions

  • Page 156 and 157:

    7.3 Financial account (EUR billions

  • Page 158 and 159:

    7.5 Trade in goods (seasonally adju

  • Page 160 and 161:

    8 EXCHANGE 8.1 Effective exchange r

  • Page 162 and 163:

    9 DEVELOPMENTS 9.1 In other EU Memb

  • Page 164 and 165:

    LIST OF CHARTS C1 Monetary aggregat

  • Page 166 and 167:

    Growth rates for intra-annual perio

  • Page 168 and 169:

    k) l) The method used to calculate

  • Page 171 and 172:

    GENERAL NOTES The “Euro area stat

  • Page 173 and 174:

    EURO AREA STATISTICS General notes

  • Page 175 and 176:

    EURO AREA STATISTICS General notes

  • Page 177 and 178:

    EURO AREA STATISTICS General notes

  • Page 179 and 180:

    EURO AREA STATISTICS General notes

  • Page 181:

    EURO AREA STATISTICS General notes

  • Page 184 and 185:

    lending facility and the deposit fa

  • Page 187 and 188:

    DOCUMENTS PUBLISHED BY THE EUROPEAN

  • Page 189 and 190:

    DOCUMENTS PUBLISHED 67 “Towards h

  • Page 191 and 192:

    DOCUMENTS PUBLISHED 879 “Governme

  • Page 193 and 194:

    GLOSSARY This glossary contains sel

  • Page 195 and 196:

    GLOSSARY rates on unsecured overnig

  • Page 197 and 198:

    GLOSSARY International reserves: ex

  • Page 199:

    GLOSSARY Reference value for M3 gro

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