Download PDF - Spink

Download PDF - Spink

Download PDF - Spink


You also want an ePaper? Increase the reach of your titles

YUMPU automatically turns print PDFs into web optimized ePapers that Google loves.



March 2010 • Volume CXVIII • Number 1<br />

A Selection of Milled Silver Coins from an Old Collection<br />

Contents<br />

An Official Byzantine Religious Medallion or Amulet?<br />

S. Bendall 5<br />

Tis a Mad World at Hoddesdon: John Clark’s<br />

1668 Halfpenny Robert Thompson 6<br />

John Ross of Paisley<br />

An Unrecorded Token Issuer Mike Shaw 7<br />

Symposium in Early Medieval Coinage 9<br />

A Hoard of Oval Farthings from Ireland<br />

Tim Everson 10<br />

Portraits of Greek Coinage R. J. Eaglen 12<br />

Semiotics of Celtic Coins VIII – Seeing Past<br />

the Die-Cutters Robert D. Van Arsdell 13<br />

Book Reviews 16<br />

Obituaries<br />

David Magnay 17<br />

Ann Elizabeth Johnston 18<br />

Dr. J. S. “Stoffel” Vogelaar 19

PS1 Victoria (1837-1901), “Una and the Lion” proof set, 1839, Five Pounds -<br />

with 13 leaves to rear hair fillet, dirige legend and lettered edge - to Farthing<br />

including Maundy Set (S.PS3), in somewhat ragged case of issue, some very minor marks<br />

to gold coins and 3d, minor mark on edge of Halfcrown, otherwise as struck with a lovely<br />

matching tone, unavailable to the market for over 70 years, very rare (15) £52,500

Autographs, Banknotes, Bonds & Shares, Coins,<br />

Medals, Numismatic Books and Stamps<br />


2010<br />

Stamps<br />

25/26 February Winter Collector’s Series Sale New York <strong>Spink</strong> Shreves<br />

11 March The Alexander Reid Collections of Antigua, Cayman Islands and Ceylon London 1013<br />

15 April Collector’s Series Sale London 1014<br />

12 May Important Stamps & Covers of the World London 1016<br />

19 May The “Alvarado” Collection of New South Wales Diadem and Coin Issues<br />

in Association with Millennium Philatelic Auctions London 1021<br />

June (TBC) Stamps & Covers of South East Asia Singapore 1018<br />

15 July Collector’s Series Sale London 1020<br />

Autographs<br />

29/30 March Spring Numismatic Collector’s Series Sale Dallas <strong>Spink</strong> Smythe<br />

Banknotes<br />

29/30 March Spring Numismatic Collector’s Series Sale Dallas <strong>Spink</strong> Smythe<br />

14 April Banknotes of the World London 1023<br />

14/15 May Spring Numismatic Collector’s Series Sale Fort Worth <strong>Spink</strong> Smythe<br />

June (TBC) Banknotes of South East Asia Singapore 1019<br />

30 September Banknotes of the World London 1022<br />

Bonds and Shares<br />

2/3 February Bonds & Share Certificates of the World New York <strong>Spink</strong> Smythe<br />

29 April Bonds & Share Certificates of the World London 1004<br />

14/15 May Spring Numismatic Collector’s Series Sale Fort Worth <strong>Spink</strong> Smythe<br />

June Bonds & Share Certificates of the World New York <strong>Spink</strong> Smythe<br />

28 October Bonds & Share Certificates of the World London 1007<br />

Coins<br />

25 March Ancient, English & Foreign Coins, & Commemorative Medals London 1009<br />

29/30 March Spring Numismatic Collector’s Series Sale Dallas <strong>Spink</strong> Smythe<br />

14/15 May Spring Numismatic Collector’s Series Sale Fort Worth <strong>Spink</strong> Smythe<br />

24 June Ancient, English & Foreign Coins, & Commemorative Medals London 1010<br />

29/30 September Ancient, English & Foreign Coins, & Commemorative Medals London 1011<br />

2 December Ancient, English & Foreign Coins, & Commemorative Medals London 1012<br />

Medals<br />

22 April Orders, Decorations, Campaign Medals & Militaria London 1005<br />

22 July Orders, Decorations, Campaign Medals & Militaria London 1006<br />

25 November Orders, Decorations, Campaign Medals & Militaria London 1008<br />

The above sale dates are subject to change<br />

<strong>Spink</strong> offers the following services<br />

Valuations for insurance and probate for individual items or whole collections.<br />

Sales on a commission basis either of individual pieces or whole collections.


69 Southampton Row<br />

Bloomsbury London WC1B 4ET<br />

Telephone: +44 (0)20 7563 4000<br />

Fax: +44 (0)20 7563 4066<br />

e-mail: info@spink.com<br />

web site: www.spink.com<br />

Hours of Business: Mon–Fri 9.30–5.30<br />

ISSN 0263-7677<br />

Banking Information<br />

The Royal Bank of Scotland plc<br />

London Holborn Branch<br />

127-129 High Holborn<br />

London WC1V 6PQ<br />

Sort Code: 16-00-53<br />

Account No: 10100317<br />

Account Name: <strong>Spink</strong> & Son Ltd<br />

VAT No GB 791 6271 08<br />

We accept payments by Visa,<br />

Mastercard, Solo and Maestro.<br />

Please see order form<br />

for details.<br />


Ancient Coins<br />

John Pett<br />

British Hammered, Milled, Medals and Tokens<br />

Paul Dawson David Guest<br />

May Sinclair (Consultant)<br />


Richard Bishop William Mackay<br />

Barbara Mears (Consultant)<br />


Barnaby Faull<br />


Mark Quayle Oliver Pepys<br />

John Hayward (Consultant)<br />


Arthur Bryant<br />


Philip Skingley<br />

Catherine Gathercole<br />


Gary Tan<br />

Telephone: 00 65 6339 8801<br />

e-mail: gtan@spink.com.sg<br />


1 GENERAL These conditions relate to the sale of one<br />

or more items identified in this invoice sold to you<br />

‘the Buyer’ by <strong>Spink</strong> & Son Limited ‘the Seller’. The<br />

item(s) concerned are referred to below as ‘the<br />

Property’. These conditions set out all the terms of<br />

the agreement between the Buyer and the Seller for<br />

the sale of the Property, other than the purchase<br />

price. A variation of these Conditions shall only be<br />

binding on the Seller if it is made in writing and<br />

signed by a duly authorised representative of the<br />

Seller.<br />

2 PAYMENT TERMS AND METHOD Unless other<br />

terms or method of payment are agreed in advance,<br />

the purchase price shall be paid in full immediately<br />

on receiving this invoice. If the Buyer resides in the<br />

United Kingdom, payment should be made by cash or<br />

cheque, made payable to ‘<strong>Spink</strong> & Son Ltd’. If the<br />

Buyer resides outside the United Kingdom, payment<br />

should be by banker’s draft payable to ‘<strong>Spink</strong> & Son<br />

Ltd’ or direct to: our Sterling Bank Account (details<br />

above), quoting invoice number and client number.<br />

Payment may also be made by Debit or Credit card<br />

but please be aware that payment made by VISA,<br />

MASTERCARD or AMEX now carries an additional<br />

charge of 2%, no surcharge is applied on Debit Cards<br />

payments. Payment should be in sterling unless<br />

another currency is shown on the invoice.<br />

3 DELIVERY AND PASSING OF RISK Unless otherwise<br />

agreed the Buyer will collect the Property from<br />

the Seller not later than 30 days from the date of this<br />

invoice. As soon as the Seller has delivered the<br />

Property by this or another agreed method the risk of<br />

loss or damage to the Property will pass to the Buyer<br />

and the Buyer will become responsible for insuring<br />

the Property. The Buyer shall examine the Property<br />

upon receipt and notify the Seller promptly of any<br />

damage to or loss of the Property.<br />

4 PASSING OF OWNERSHIP Title in the Property<br />

will not pass to the Buyer until the Seller has received<br />

cleared funds representing the full purchase price. If<br />

the Buyer has possession of the Property before full<br />

payment has been made the Buyer will, unless the<br />

Seller agrees otherwise in advance: keep possession of<br />

the Property and not sell or dispose of any interest in,<br />

or otherwise part with possession of, the Property;<br />

preserve the Property in the same state as it was on<br />

delivery; allow the Seller or the Seller’s authorised<br />

agents access to the Property in order to inspect it. If<br />

the Buyer does resell the Property any proceeds<br />

received by the Buyer shall be held in trust for the<br />

Seller. If the purchase price is not paid in full 14 days<br />

after the agreed date the Seller will be entitled to<br />

repossess the Property from the Buyer.<br />


COLLECT If the Buyer fails to make payment or collect<br />

the Property within the agreed period, the Seller<br />

shall be entitled to exercise one or more of the following<br />

rights or remedies: to charge interest on the<br />

unpaid amount of the purchase price at a rate of 4%<br />

per annum above Royal Bank of Scotland plc base<br />

rate; to set off against the unpaid amount of the purchase<br />

price any amounts which the Seller, or any<br />

associated company of the Seller, may owe to the<br />

Buyer for any other transaction; to exercise a lien on<br />

any of the Buyer’s property which may be in the<br />

Seller‘s possession, or that of any associated company<br />

of the Seller, for any purpose and,<br />

following 14 days notice to the Buyer, arrange the<br />

sale of such property and apply the proceeds in discharge<br />

of the amount outstanding; to cancel the sale;<br />

to resell the Property and, if this results in a lower<br />

price being obtained, claim the balance from the<br />

Buyer.<br />

6 WARRANTY Any description of the Property or<br />

statement by the Seller, whether oral or in writing, is<br />

a statement of opinion only and is not to be relied on<br />

as a statement of fact. Any statement about damage<br />

and/or restoration is for guidance only and the<br />

absence of such a reference does not imply that an<br />

item is free from defects or restoration, nor does a reference<br />

to particular defects imply the absence of any<br />

others. Although the Seller takes no responsibility for<br />

the correctness of any statement of the kind referred<br />

to above, the Seller will refund the Buyer the purchase<br />

price in full if, within 5 years after the date of<br />

completion of the sale, the Buyer notifies the Seller<br />

in writing that the Property is a forgery; the Buyer<br />

then returns the Property to the Seller within 14<br />

days and as soon as possible afterwards, the Buyer<br />

produces evidence satisfactory to the Seller that the<br />

Property is a forgery. For the purposes of the this<br />

agreement, the Property is a forgery if it constitutes<br />

an imitation originally conceived and executed as a<br />

whole with a fraudulent intention to deceive as to the<br />

authorship, origin, age, period, culture or source<br />

where the correct description was not reflected by the<br />

description applied to the Property at the date of the<br />

purchase by the Buyer and which at that date had a<br />

value materially less than it would have had if it had<br />

been in accordance with the description applied to it.<br />

Accordingly, no Property is capable of being a forgery<br />

by reason of any damage and/or restoration work of<br />

any kind including repainting/re-enamelling.<br />

7 COPYRIGHT The copyright in all images, illustrations<br />

and written material relating to the Property is<br />

and shall remain at all times the property of the<br />

Seller and shall not be used by the Buyer nor anyone<br />

else without the Seller’s prior written consent.<br />

8 LAW AND JURISDICTION This agreement shall be<br />

governed by and construed in accordance with<br />

English law and the Buyer agrees to submit to the<br />

exclusive jurisdiction of the English Courts.<br />


for 5 issues (March, May, July, September, December)<br />

U.K. £20 Europe £25;<br />

rest of world, by air only, £40;<br />

US $60 or equivalent.<br />

We cannot guarantee to supply back numbers.<br />

© <strong>Spink</strong> & Son Ltd, 2010. All rights reserved. No part<br />

of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a<br />

retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by<br />

any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,<br />

recording or otherwise, without the prior permission<br />

of <strong>Spink</strong> & Son Limited.<br />


B/BABELON: Traité des Monnaies Grecques et<br />

Romaines<br />

BCV/SEAR: Byzantine Coins and Their Values<br />

BELL/BELL: Tradesmen’s Tickets and Tokens<br />

1785–1819<br />

BHM/BROWN: British Historical<br />

Medals,1760–1960<br />

BMC/British Museum Catalogue<br />

BN/MORRISON: Catalogue des Monnaies Byzantines<br />

BR/BROOKE: English Coins<br />

BW/WILLIAMSON’S edition of Boyne: Trade Tokens<br />

of the Seventeenth Century<br />

C/COHEN: Monnaies Imperiales, 2e edition<br />

CNI/Corpus Nummorum Italicorum<br />

Cr/CRAWFORD: Roman Republican Coinage<br />

DICKINSON, Michael. 17th Century Tokens of the<br />

British Isles and Their Values<br />

D.F./<strong>Spink</strong>’s Catalogue of British Commemorative<br />

Medals 1558 to the present day by D. Fearon<br />

D&F/DOWLE and FINN: The Guide Book to the<br />

Coinage of Ireland, A.D. 995 to present<br />

DH/DALTON and HAMER: Provincial Token Coinage<br />

of the 18th Century<br />

DO/Dumbarton Oaks Catalogue<br />

DV/DAVIS: The Nineteenth Century Token Coinage<br />

ELIAS: The Anglo-Gallic Coins<br />

EMC/COPE and RAYNER: Standard Catalogue of<br />

English Milled Coinage 1662–1972<br />

ESC/English Silver Coinage from 1649<br />

Fr/The Bronze Coinage of Great Britain<br />

Gobl/R. GOBL: Sasanian Numismatics<br />

H/HEAD: Historia Numorum<br />

Heiss/HEISS: Monnaies Antiques de l’Espagne<br />

L&S/LINECAR and STONE: English Proof and Pattern<br />

Crown Size Pieces 1658–1960<br />

LRBC/CARSON, HILL and KENT: Late Roman Bronze<br />

Coinage<br />

Mack/MACK: The Coinage of Ancient Britain<br />

M./MARSH: The Gold Sovereign<br />

MCE/Milled Coinage of England<br />

Mesh/Y. MESHORER: Jewish Coins<br />

MI/HAWKINS, FRANK and GRUEBER: Medallic<br />

Illustrations of British History<br />

Milne/MILNE: Catalogue of Alexandrian Coins<br />

Mitch/MITCHINER: Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian<br />

Coinage (9 volumes)<br />

N/NORTH: English Hammered Coinage (2 volumes)<br />

P/PECK: English Copper, Tin and Bronze Coins in the<br />

British Museum, 1558–1958<br />

Parsons/PARSONS: The Coinage of British Africa<br />

Pr/PRIDMORE: The Coinage of the British<br />

Commonwealth of Nations (4 parts)<br />

Ratto/Ratto Catalogue, Monnaies Byzantines<br />

RCV/SEAR: Roman Coins and Their Values<br />

RIC/Ed. SUTHERLAND and CARSON: The Roman<br />

Imperial Coinage<br />

S/SYDENHAM: Coinage of the Roman Republic<br />

S/(English Coins) <strong>Spink</strong> Standard Catalogue<br />

SCBI: Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles<br />

Sellwood/SELLWOOD: An Introduction to the<br />

Coinage of Parthia<br />

SNG ANS/Syllogue Nummorum Graecorum:<br />

American Numismatic Society<br />

SNG Cop/Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum:<br />

Danish National Museum, Copenhagen<br />

SNG/Sylloge Numorum Graecorum<br />

SNG v. Aul/Syllogue Nummorum Graecorum:<br />

Sammlung Hans von Aulock<br />

St/STEWART: The Scottish Coinage<br />

VA/VAN ARSDELL: Celtic Coinage of Britain<br />

W/WITHERS: British Copper Tokens 1811-1820<br />

WR/WILSON and RASMUSSEN: English Pattern, Trial<br />

and Proof Coins in Gold 1547-1968<br />


General<br />

¡ = Gold ¿ = Silver Æ = Bronze<br />

WM = White Metal Mm = Mint or initial mark<br />

Obv = Obverse W = Reverse<br />

MM = millimetre g = gramme<br />

mgm = monogram<br />

Rarity<br />

R = Rare RR = Very rare RRR = Extremely rare<br />

RRRR = Highest rarity<br />

R 1 –R 7 7 also used for 19th and 20th Century<br />

English Copper Coins and modern pieces from<br />

1662<br />

Condition<br />

FDC = Fleur de coin, mint state<br />

EF = Extremely Fine<br />

VF = Very Fine F = Fine f = fair<br />

M = Moderate P = Poor<br />

UNC = Uncirculated (Modern Coins)<br />

VG = Very Good: F+ (Banknote lists)<br />

Any two of the above may be used in conjunction<br />

as follows<br />

F/VF = Obverse Fine, Reverse Very Fine<br />

VF-EF = General condition between VF and EF<br />


A charge will be made for insurance of coins &<br />

medals, details on Order Form.<br />


Insurance (including p+p) will be charged on the<br />

following scale:<br />

UK including Northern Ireland:<br />

Coins = £5.00;<br />

Books up to1kg = £6.50<br />

Books up to2kg = £8.50<br />

Books 3kg + = Charged at cost<br />

International Registered:<br />

EU:<br />

Coins = £6.00;<br />

Books up to1kg = £10.00<br />

Books up to2kg = £15.00<br />

Books 3kg + = Charged at cost<br />

Rest of the World:<br />

Coins = £10.00;<br />

Books up to1kg = £15.00<br />

Books up to2kg = £20.00<br />

Books 3kg + = Charged at cost<br />

Books sent by this method are not covered by<br />

insurance. Please note that shipping may take<br />

around 10 working days<br />

<strong>Spink</strong> cannot be responsible for supplying information<br />

about local taxes where they may apply.<br />

The buyer is solely responsible for paying any<br />

such taxes as charged.<br />


Printed in England by Pardy & Son (Printers) Ltd Parkside, Ringwood, Hampshire BH24 3SF

The Numismatic Circular Published since 1892<br />

March 2010 Volume CXVIII Number 1<br />

Contents<br />

An Official Byzantine Religious Medallion or Amulet?<br />

S. Bendall 5<br />

Tis a Mad World at Hoddesdon:<br />

John Clark’s 1668 Halfpenny Robert Thompson 6<br />

John Ross of Paisley<br />

An Unrecorded Token Issuer Mike Shaw 7<br />

Symposium in Early Medieval Coinage 9<br />

A Hoard of Oval Farthings from Ireland<br />

Tim Everson 10<br />

Portraits of Greek Coinage<br />

R. J. Eaglen 12<br />

Semiotics of Celtic Coins VIII –<br />

Seeing Past the Die-Cutters Robert D. Van Arsdell 13<br />

Book Reviews 16<br />

Obituaries<br />

David Magnay 17<br />

Ann Elizabeth Johnston 18<br />

Dr. J. S. “Stoffel” Vogelaar 19<br />

Our list of numismatic items and books offered for sale<br />

follows on page 20<br />

An Official Byzantine Religious Medallion<br />

or Amulet?<br />

S. Bendall<br />

This large, pierced and struck copper amulet or medallion can<br />

hardly be described as a pseudo-coin but none the less possibly<br />

has some interest for numismatists.<br />

Figure 1<br />

Obv. IC – XC and H CTAV – PACIC (The Crucifiction); Christ on<br />

cross, which rests on a small platform with a double linear border<br />

decorated with pellets, flanked by two half length figures of, on l.,<br />

female figure, nimbate, holding a winding sheet (?) and, on r., a<br />

figure lacking a nimbus, r. hand slightly extended 1 ; crescent and<br />

globe in upper fields.<br />

Rev. H ANAC/TACIC (The Resurrection) 2 in two lines in upper r.<br />

field; Christ advancing l., holding short patriarchal cross in r.<br />

hand and raising Adam from a seated or crouching position with<br />

Eve standing behind him; to l. a figure, wearing stemma<br />

surmounted by a pyramid of three pellets and with trilobate<br />

pendilia, divitision and chlamys, standing in his tomb gesturing<br />

towards Christ with both hands. In larger versions of this scene in<br />

mosaics there are two such figures, Kings David and Solomon 3 .<br />

Diam. 40 x 47 mm; Wt. 23.01 gm;<br />

Die axis 6 o’clock (180 degrees). Figure 1.<br />

Figure 2<br />

This is not a unique object. Another, unpierced, specimen,<br />

struck from the same dies as far as can be seen from the engraving<br />

by which it was illustrated (Figure 2), was acquired and published<br />

over a century ago by G. Schlumberger 4 . That it lacks certain<br />

details visible on this new specimen seems to indicate that it was<br />

possibly not in quite such good condition 5 . Schlumberger did not<br />

describe this object in any great detail, devoting only nine lines to<br />

it, merely describing it as unusually large and very beautiful. He<br />

considered it of the Comnenian period, i.e. of the 12th century<br />

which is surely correct considering its style and design. Other<br />

larger depictions of the Resurrection in mosaics differ, sometimes<br />

considerably, such as that at Daphni where Christ holds a longer<br />

patriarchal cross while Adam, Eve, Solomon and David are on the<br />

left of Christ and, on His right, St. John the Baptist with, behind<br />

him, a number of the ‘Just’ waiting for salvation 6 . The version on<br />

this medallion, on the other hand, appears somewhat similar to<br />

the mid-11th century mosaic of the Anastasis in a lunette on the<br />

east wall of the narthex of Hosios Loukas except that the mosaic<br />

depicts both Solomon and David, nimbate, while the broken<br />

remnants of the gates of Hell lie beneath Christ’s feet, a feature<br />

which, like the figure of Solomon, the flan of this amulet was<br />

presumably too small to include 7 .<br />

A feature of slight interest is the form of the pendilia of the<br />

king’s crown which is trilobate. This form of pendilia does not<br />

seem to appear on the coinage until the reign of Theodore I<br />

Lascaris of Nicaea (1204-1222). However, in the mosaics in<br />

Hosios Loukas and Daphni both Solomon and David have the<br />

same trilobate pendilia, the form that, inverted, surmounts their<br />

crowns as trefoils. With a possible Constantinopolitan<br />

provenance for both specimens, these amulets, by style, can<br />

hardly be provincial or Palaeologan (since later 13th century<br />

depictions of the Anastasis show Christ standing between Adam<br />

and Eve, extending a hand to each) or, by design, Latin.<br />

Of interest to the numismatist is the superior style and large<br />

size of this amulet, the fact that both specimens seem to have been<br />

struck from the same pair of dies and appear to come from<br />

Constantinople, all of which suggests to the writer that the<br />

amulet was an official production. Could they have been<br />

produced at the Constantinopolitan mint? There are rare lead<br />

seals of similar size but their style is not so fine and the dies for the<br />

multitude of lead seals that exist are cruder and would not have<br />

MARCH 2010 5

een produced by the mint but presumably by private engravers<br />

throughout the empire. Who else could have produced this<br />

amulet? To produce dies and strike medallions/amulets of this size<br />

and quality possibly required a master engraver and the facilities<br />

of the mint. The only copper coins of comparable size had been<br />

folles of Justinian I (527-565) and Constantine IV (668-685).<br />

There is no sign that these amulets were overstruck on any of<br />

these earlier folles. Their flans were presumably specially<br />

produced and are well struck albeit both showing slight signs of<br />

double striking.<br />

That such a large amulet or medallion could be struck in the<br />

12th century might seem unusual but whether produced at the<br />

mint, as the writer suspects, or by some other workshop, perhaps<br />

official, it is obvious that it was possible even at such a late date to<br />

strike a coin-like object as large as and in better style than any<br />

earlier Byzantine copper coin although, of course, unlike this<br />

object, coins were generally struck in enormous quantities from<br />

large numbers of dies which would have been much more<br />

cursorily engraved.<br />

Acknowledgement:<br />

My thanks to Konstantin Olbrich for his help.<br />

Footnotes:<br />

1. The figures at the foot of the cross should represent the two Marys, the<br />

mother of Christ and Mary Magdalene although Schlumbeger’s<br />

illustration depicts the right hand figure as a male holding a book (the<br />

Gospels?).<br />

2. The Anastasis took place in the brief period between Christ’s crucifiction<br />

and resurrection when he descended to Hell and redeemed Old Testament<br />

personages.<br />

3. Since the king on this amulet appears beardless he is presumably David<br />

as on mosaics Solomon is depicted as bearded. The flan is too small to<br />

depict both.<br />

4. ‘Monuments Byzantins Inedits’, Gazette Archeologique, 1883 and<br />

reprinted in ‘Melanges d’Archeologie Byzantine’, Paris 1895.<br />

Schlumberger acquired his specimen in Constantinople. Its whereabouts<br />

is apparently now unknown. It is not in the Bibliotheque Nationale<br />

which received so much of Schlumberger’s material. The specimen<br />

published here also seems to have come from Constantinople some 35<br />

years ago.<br />

5. The engraving lacks, on the obverse, the IC XC, the platform on which the<br />

cross stands and the extended hand of the right hand figure who appears<br />

to be depicted holding a book whereas he or she is actually also possibly<br />

holding a winding sheet and is thus probably Mary Magdalene. On the<br />

reverse the king’s crown lacks both its ‘cross’ and pendilia.<br />

6. C. Diehl, ‘Manuel d’Art Byzantine’, Paris 1910, p. 466, fig. 227.<br />

7. Diehl, p. 478, fig. 232. The figure of the king is not nimbate on this<br />

medallion while both Solomon and David are on the mosaics but this can<br />

hardly mean that it represents a recently deceased Comnenian emperor.<br />

Tis a Mad World at Hoddesdon:<br />

John Clark’s 1668 Halfpenny<br />

Robert Thompson<br />

In Williamson’s standard catalogue of seventeenth-century<br />

tokens, under HODDESDON in Hertfordshire, appears the<br />

following entry 1 .<br />

126. O. IOHN . CLARKE . AT . THE = Two brewers carrying a<br />

barrel.<br />

R. IN . HODSDON . HIS . HALFE . PENNY . I668 (in six<br />

lines). (Octagonal.)<br />

‘This name is well known in and about Hoddesdon’.<br />

That annotation, if intended to support the publication of the<br />

token in Hertfordshire, was of no value. ‘Clark’ formed the 27th<br />

commonest surname in England and Wales in 1853, ‘Clark’ and<br />

‘Clarke’ together the ninth commonest 2 . The surname does not<br />

support this attribution. Neither can a single find in 2008 by<br />

someone known to detect around Ashwell and Royston, both in<br />

Hertfordshire, though about twenty miles north of Hoddesdon 3 .<br />

Believing him a Hertfordshire issuer, Longman found in the<br />

Hertfordshire Sessions Rolls a 1662 recognizance for an<br />

alehouse-keeper named John Clarke concerning unlawful games<br />

in his house, which does not mention his locality, and a 1690<br />

recognizance for a John Clark to answer for an assault on a<br />

colonel of a Dutch regiment quartered at Hoddesdon, which does<br />

not mention his trade 4 . Many bearers of the name are indexed in<br />

the volume.<br />

Williamson’s Hertfordshire 126 was not catalogued by his<br />

predecessor Boyne. The token’s first appearance seems to be in a<br />

manuscript addition facing page 113 of an interleaved copy of<br />

Boyne, once the property of Nathan Heywood (c.1856-1918) 5 .<br />

He, a Manchester solicitor, is of untarnished reputation 6 . It is<br />

incomprehensible that Heywood should have recorded the token<br />

as above, for the Norweb specimen, ex Nott, can be traced back<br />

through the Hertfordshire collector William Longman<br />

(Glendining sale 17 July 1957, lot 242), and Messrs Baldwin, to<br />

Heywood himself, lot 43 in his sale of 22 April 1918. It reads:<br />

Obv. · IOHN · CLARK · AT · Y E · around Two Brewers<br />

supporting a barrel on a pole<br />

Rev. · IN· | HOGSDO N | HIS | HALFE | PENNY | I668<br />

Coppery, octagonal, 180°.<br />

Figure 1<br />

Thus Heywood misspelled the surname, also Y E , and on the<br />

reverse HOGSDO N was rendered HODSDON [sic!]. This seems to<br />

be the origin of the mistaken spelling HODSDON, and consequent<br />

misattribution, in Williamson 1889, unavoidably accepted by<br />

Seaby 1961 and Dickinson 1986 7 . Correctly read, the token<br />

should never have been attributed to Hertfordshire.<br />

Attention needs to focus on the place-name HOGSDO N . There<br />

is no vowel between G and S to suggest the pronunciation of<br />

Hoddesdon seen in Hodgesdon (1554), and found in Hodgesden on<br />

Norweb tokens iii.2225-6. That same pronunciation must lie<br />

behind HOGESDEN on the token of John Smigersgill, who is<br />

sufficiently documented in Hertfordshire despite his Yorkshire<br />

surname 8 . Before universal literacy pronunciation is the<br />

determinant, and Hoddesdon is not recorded with a<br />

pronunciation starting Hog... 9<br />

The spelling HOGSDO N must represent the pronunciation<br />

(hogzdon), with g as in ‘get’, and its identity must lie somewhere<br />

other than Hoddesdon. The obvious candidate is Hoxton, in the<br />

Middlesex parish of Shoreditch, beside the Berwick road (now<br />

A10). This occurred, for example, as Hochestone in Domesday<br />

Book, Hogesdon in 1528, Hogsdon in 1546, Hogsden in 1593,<br />

Hogesdon al. Hoxton in 1625 10 . It was Hoggsdon on Morden’s 1695<br />

map of Middlesex. The token should be attributed to HOXTON<br />

(Middlesex, Shoreditch parish).<br />

One John Clark, Hoxton, and his wife Mary, had a daughter<br />

Judith baptised at St. Leonard, Shoreditch on 3 July 1674 11 . A<br />

messuage occupied by ‘Clarke’ in 1676, and sold to John Clarke in<br />

1680, was afterwards in the occupation of his widow Mary, then<br />

of Sarah Waxham, and then of Thomas Waxham according to a<br />

1732 indenture. In 1747 the assignees of Waxham sold the<br />

Waxham messuage, and another on its south side formerly<br />

occupied by a Mr Castlefrank, to James Atkinson. The Waxham<br />

house remained in the Atkinson family until 1894, when it was<br />

in use as part of the Hoxton House Asylum and known as The<br />

White House, cf. the 1668 halfpenny of EZEK: | TANNER...AT |<br />

THE: | WHIT HOVSE | IN | HOXTON 12 . Numbers 46 and 48<br />

Hoxton Street (since re-numbered 34), occupied chiefly as an<br />

Infant Welfare Centre, correspond to the surviving Hoxton House<br />

of two storeys over a basement, with attics lighted by dormer<br />

windows, the exterior of brick with a plain brick band at first floor<br />

level:<br />


‘The date of erection of the latter cannot be ascertained, but was<br />

certainly later than 1680. The great probability is, therefore, that<br />

the present premises, the details of which are quite compatible<br />

with their having been erected in the late 17th or early 18th<br />

century, are the actual premises occupied by Castlefrank’ 13 .<br />

To emphasize that the token-issuer’s name is not distinctive,<br />

three wills, none of them (from the index) prima facie<br />

relevant, were proved for a John Clarke of St. Leonard, Shoreditch,<br />

in 1661-1700:<br />

John Clerke, 1687, his relict Elizabeth renouncing<br />

administration;<br />

John Clarke, 1695, administration to relict Judith;<br />

John Clarke, St. Leonard, Shoreditch, and St. Bartholomew the<br />

Less, 1695: administration/ will to guardian of son Thomas<br />

during his minority 14 .<br />

The issuer’s token at least can be published where it belongs,<br />

and Hoxton may celebrate with cakes and ale:<br />

‘As toward the towne mine eye I cast,<br />

In mingled troopes I might beholde<br />

Women and men (some yong, some olde)<br />

Like to a Spring-tide, strongly flowing<br />

To Hogsdon, not one backward going.<br />

Out of the Citty rush’d the streame,<br />

A while (me thought) I did but dreame...<br />

The Lawyer that in Terme-time takes<br />

Fat fees, pleades here for Ale and Cakes.<br />

Doctors, Proctors, Clarkes, Atturneis,<br />

To Pimlyco make sweattie iourneis.’<br />

7. P. Seaby, ‘A guide to the token coinage of the 17th century:<br />

Hertfordshire’, SCMB (1961), pp. 189-91, 226-9, 267-71 (p. 229);<br />

M. Dickinson, Seventeenth-century Tokens of the British Isles (London,<br />

1986), p. 74.<br />

8. SCBI 43: The Norweb... Tokens... Part III: Hampshire to Lincolnshire<br />

(London, 1992), no. 2228.<br />

9. J. E. B. Gover et al., The Place-names of Hertfordshire (Cambridge, 1938),<br />

pp. 228-9.<br />

10. J. E. B. Gover et al., The Place-names of Middlesex (Cambridge, 1942),<br />

p. 146.<br />

11. Hackney Archives Department: St. Leonard, Shoreditch, parish registers.<br />

12. Williamson, Middlesex 105; SCMB (1967), pl. 29; publication of Norweb<br />

specimen forthcoming.<br />

13. London County Council, Survey of London, vol. VIII: The Parish of St.<br />

Leonard, Shoreditch (London, 1922), pp. 134-5.<br />

14. Index to Testamentary Records in the Archdeaconry Court of London ...,<br />

vol. II, ed. M. Fitch (London, 1985), p. 39.<br />

15. [Pimlico] Pimlyco, or Runne Red-cap: Tis a mad world at Hogsdon (London,<br />

1609), sigs. B4b, D1a; reproduced in facsimile with a preface by A. H.<br />

Bullen (Oxford, 1891), in Antient drolleries, no. 2; this reprinted<br />

Breinigsville PA, 2009 (Kessinger Publishing’s legacy reprints).<br />

16. A. D. Mills, A Dictionary of London Place-names (Oxford, 2001), pp. 178-9.<br />

John Ross of Paisley<br />

An Unrecorded Token Issuer<br />

Mike Shaw<br />

In his seminal work “Tokens of the Industrial Revolution”<br />

(published by <strong>Spink</strong>, 2001), H. E. Manville published the most<br />

comprehensive study ever undertaken of foreign silver coins<br />

countermarked for use in Great Britain during the Industrial<br />

Revolution (c.1787-1828). In this work he described the<br />

prevailing monetary, economic and social conditions which led to<br />

the issue of privately countermarked tokens (mainly Spanish<br />

dollars), the results of his research into the issuers, and<br />

undertook perhaps his most far-reaching task of all, that of<br />

recording all known specimens.<br />

It is a reflection on the thoroughness of his research that since<br />

this publication, no new issuer of these tokens has hitherto been<br />

identified. Finally, however, a previously unknown private issuer<br />

of countermarked dollars has come to light.<br />

Figure 2<br />

The Pimlico ale-house in Hoxton Street was the subject of this<br />

1609 poem which suggested the present title, Pimlyco, or Runne<br />

Red-Cap: Tis a mad world at Hogsdon 15 (Figure 2). It probably gave<br />

its name to the better-known Pimlico district of Westminster, and<br />

itself is now believed to have been transferred from the Pamlico or<br />

Pamticough Indians who lived near Raleigh’s Roanoke<br />

settlements in Virginia. Consequently, Pimlico was the first native<br />

American place-name in England 16 .<br />

Footnotes:<br />

1. G. C. Williamson, Trade Tokens issued in the Seventeenth Century (London,<br />

1889-91), p. 318.<br />

2. B. Cottle, The Penguin Dictionary of Surnames, 2nd edn. (Harmondsworth,<br />

1978), p. 92.<br />

3. Ex inf. Mr Roger Paul, 28.7.08 and 25.10.09.<br />

4. Hertford County Records: Notes and Extracts from the Sessions Rolls, 1581<br />

to 1698, Vol. 1, ed. W. J. Hardy (Hertford, 1905), pp. 142, 387; W.<br />

Longman, ‘Notes on some Hertfordshire issuers of seventeenth-century<br />

tokens’, NCirc 16 (1907-8), cols. 10457-60.<br />

5. W. Boyne, Tokens issued in the Seventeenth Century (London, 1858),<br />

ex Nathan Heywood, property of R. H. Thompson.<br />

6. H. E. Manville, Biographical Dictionary of British and Irish Numismatics<br />

(London, 2009), p. 132.<br />

Figure 1 Figure 2<br />

There recently appeared in commerce a Spanish dollar<br />

(8 Reales of Ferdinand VII, dated 1813, struck at the Mexico City<br />

mint with the assay initials J J - Joaquín Dávila Madrid and José<br />

García Ansaldo). The most obvious feature of this coin, however,<br />

is that it has been countermarked on the obverse, and the<br />

countermark has later been obliterated by two strikings of a<br />

circular grille or “lattice” punch (figure 1). There is a<br />

corresponding flat area on the reverse (figure 2). Not surprisingly,<br />

the piece was offered for sale with this described as an unidentified<br />

and cancelled countermark.<br />

The cancellation of privately countermarked dollars is a wellknown<br />

feature of the series as we know it today. Faced with a<br />

shortage of silver coins, merchants would countermark Spanish<br />

silver dollars (which were readily available) with a pledge to<br />

redeem them at a fixed value. However, once in circulation, the<br />

intrinsic value of such a token was still dependent on its silver<br />

content, and thus subject to fluctuations in the market price of<br />

MARCH 2010 7

ullion silver. For long periods this might be relatively stable, but<br />

during periods of turmoil (notably during wars with France, for<br />

example) the bullion price might be subject to sharp fluctuations.<br />

If it fell significantly (eg. with a victory or a declaration of peace),<br />

the merchant might find himself in the position of being required<br />

to redeem his token for more than it was now actually worth. This<br />

he would probably be prepared to do once, but in order to make<br />

further use of the coin it would then be necessary to invalidate the<br />

pledge on his countermark, to prevent it being presented to him<br />

for redemption at a loss for a second time.<br />

As may be seen from the photograph, it is evident that this<br />

cancellation has been successful. Certainly there is absolutely no<br />

identifiable trace of a redemption value, which is normally<br />

found at the centre of such countermarks. However, with some<br />

trial rotation and counterbalancing in the hand (which,<br />

unfortunately, it is obviously not possible to replicate in print), the<br />

search for the name of a possible issuer did offer some intriguing<br />

clues in this case. The remains of a name do appear, clockwise,<br />

from a position beginning at six o’clock of the countermark in<br />

figure 1. The legible letters of the countermark then appear to be<br />

Figure 3<br />

JOHN, with a best reading of ROSS... for the letters following, and<br />

finally ...SLEY (ideally observed from a combination of angles, but<br />

discernible from figure 3). There is also evidence below this<br />

lettering of two concentric circles, containing between them a<br />

ring of large separated dots (not the more common joined<br />

beading) which would probably have surrounded the value. The<br />

reverse carries no evidence of a separate punch (as is sometimes<br />

the case), only the flattening normally observed from the pressure<br />

of obverse punching. Comparisons with Manville’s recorded<br />

issuers give rise to obvious discrepancies in each case which<br />

prevent a match. However, several token issuers are known from<br />

Paisley (Manville estimated a dozen), making it the likely place of<br />

issue.<br />

The hypothesis for our issuer was thus JOHN ROSS of PAISLEY,<br />

but the incomplete reading also left scope for a longer name<br />


fuller commercial styling for the business (eg. & CO., & SON(S),<br />

SR., JR., or a description of his commercial activity). The date of<br />

its issue could obviously be no earlier than the 1813 date of the 8<br />

Reales, although neither the coin nor the legible letters of the<br />

countermark show much wear, perhaps suggesting a short lived<br />

circulation (this is worth noting, as silver bullion prices dropped<br />

sharply in 1814 (Napoleon’s first exile) and again in 1815<br />

(Waterloo), which led to the prompt cancellation of high value<br />

countermarks by some other token issuers).<br />

With the generous guidance of the staff at the Paisley Local<br />

Studies Library, the following information was pieced together.<br />

Examination of the Paisley Burgess Roll revealed the signature<br />

of John Ross, manufacturer, Cumberland Court, 24 Causeyside,<br />

entered on 10th October 1808 (cautioner William Boyd,<br />

manufacturer).<br />

The first extant Paisley Trades Directory, for 1810 (by<br />

Archibald Bell, published by J. Neilson), makes reference to John<br />

Ross & Co., manufacturer, Cumberland Court, Causeyside (also<br />

Mrs. Ross, vintner, 24 Causeyside).<br />

Directories do not exist for every year, but the same entry for<br />

Mrs. Ross is repeated in the next available directory (1813,<br />

Gilroy), although this time John Ross himself is absent (this is not<br />

necessarily significant as such gaps are a feature of sporadic early<br />

directories, and he does appear in all those following).<br />

George Ritchie’s directory (July 1820) has John Ross & Co.,<br />

manufacturers, and Mrs. Ross, vintner, both at 24 Causeyside.<br />

Pigot (1821) includes John Ross Sen., manufacturer of plaid,<br />

muslins and shawls.<br />

Robert Biggar (1823) has John Ross Sen. & Co.,<br />

manufacturers, at 24 Causeyside street, also John Ross sen.,<br />

house at 30 Storie Street. However, in 1827 (George Fowler) John<br />

Ross appears only as John Ross sen., thread manufacturer, house<br />

30 Storie Street.<br />

The lack of reference to commercial premises suggested that<br />

perhaps Ross had retired from his business during the intervening<br />

period (which coincided with a heavy recession for the cloth<br />

manufacturing trades), and upon investigation this was<br />

reinforced by the following advertisement, appearing in the<br />

Paisley Advertiser (12th May 1827 and 19th May 1827);<br />

“TO LET. That mill situated in George-street of Paisley, as possessed<br />

for some time back by Messrs. John Ross Senior & Co., length 40 feet<br />

by 32 feet within the walls and Three Storeys high with Garretts.<br />

There is a Steam Engine of Five Horse power, and Great Gearing, fitted<br />

up on the premises. Entry at Whit-Sunday first. Apply to Mr. John<br />

Burns, 59 Causeyside, or Mr. Andrew Campbell, 53 Moss-street,<br />

Paisley.”<br />

In 1828 (George Fowler) there is another directory entry for<br />

John Ross sen., thread manufacturer, house 30 Storie Street, and<br />

he appears again in the 1829-1831 editions, his house now at 31<br />

Oakshaw Street (but no mention of any business premises).<br />

Instead, the Paisley Advertiser records his election to the Town<br />

Council of Paisley on 6th October 1827, as Treasurer on 11th<br />

October 1828, and successive re-elections as a baillie (10th<br />

October 1829 - 8th October 1831), and this succession of events<br />

is also recorded in the annual directories for those years (all<br />

Fowler).<br />

On 2nd June 1832 the Paisley Advertiser carried his obituary;<br />

“Death. Here, on the 27th ult., John Ross Esq., Thread Manufacturer.”<br />

(He died 27th May 1832).<br />

It is worth noting that John Ross’s address and trade would<br />

have made him a neighbour, and possibly a competitor, of<br />

another countermarked token issuer, J. Muir (Manville 84).<br />

Manville noted that John Muir, also a manufacturer of shawls and<br />

plaids, had premises at Cumberland Court, Causeyside, in 1810,<br />

and apparently at 12 and 32 Causeyside at later dates. Causeyside<br />

also appears in Manville’s probable or possible addresses for John<br />

Lang (Manville 76), McGavin & Clarkson (Manville 78), and J.<br />

McLean (Manville 81).<br />

The dates, location, type of commercial activity and other<br />

similarities with known issuers suggest that this John Ross issued<br />

our newly discovered token. No other contemporary merchant<br />

with a plausible alternative name was found, so we may surmise<br />

that the illegible space in the legend of the cancelled countermark<br />

might easily have accommodated any of & CO., SEN(R)., MFR., as<br />

found in the directories (or possibly a combination of these). We<br />

know that Ross was active in commerce 1808-23 at least<br />

(possibly until 1827), and while the coin date of 1813 gives an<br />

earliest possible issue date, the lack of other detail, including the<br />

absence of any legible value, complicates dating the countermark<br />

more precisely. These details await discovery of a second specimen<br />

or reliable documentary evidence.<br />

In a future revision of Manville’s work, John Ross may become<br />

M 86A.<br />

Harry Manville was thus prophetic when writing of the Paisley<br />

countermarks “It appears likely that other issues may have been<br />

redeemed and melted with no specimens remaining, and new<br />

ones may yet be discovered” (page 152).<br />


Symposium in<br />

Early Medieval<br />

Coinage<br />

Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge<br />

Saturday 20 March 2010<br />

Speakers include: Anna Gannon, Kevin<br />

Leahy, Catherine Karkov, Rory Naismith,<br />

Megan Gooch, Lucy Moore, Philip Shaw,<br />

Wybrand Op den Velde, John Naylor and<br />

Tony Abramson<br />

Attendance free of charge.<br />

For further information contact<br />

Tony Abramson: 0113 225 0680<br />

or t.abramson@ntlworld.com<br />

MARCH 2010 9

A Hoard of Oval Farthings from Ireland<br />

Tim Everson<br />

An old, illegally excavated, hoard of oval farthings has recently been brought to my attention.<br />

Because of its illegal nature there is a lack of names and dates, but details given to me have the ring<br />

of veracity. Metal detecting is illegal in the Republic of Ireland but, sometime in the early 1990s, a<br />

metal detector was being used on the foreshore of Dublin harbour when it came across a group of<br />

copper coins. These turned out to be about 100 Richmond (and one Lennox) farthings, dating from<br />

1624 to 1632 and, with one exception, they were all ovals. A group of 24 of these coins was<br />

recently shown to me. Unfortunately they are the worst condition specimens with corroded edges.<br />

It seems as though they may have formed the outside of a ‘ball’ of coins, with the ones in the centre<br />

protected. These tokens are as follows:<br />

JAMES I<br />

1.<br />

Lennox Type 5 E54a, pm Cross patée 1 example<br />


2-5.<br />

Richmond Type 7b E 113g, pm Cross patée 4 examples<br />

6.<br />

Richmond Type 7b As E 113g but with 7 harp strings 1 example<br />

7.<br />

Richmond Type 9 E 115b, pm Martlet 1 example<br />

8.<br />

Richmond Type 10a E 117a, pm Crescent 1 example<br />

9-24.<br />

Richmond Type 10c E 119, pm 9 16 examples<br />

Apparently these numbers equate with the hoard as a whole. About half the hoard, or 50 pieces<br />

consisted of pm 9, about 20 of pm Cross patée, and then about half a dozen each of Martlet,<br />

Millrind and Crescent. The solitary round Richmond had a pm Cross patée, E 71. The James I listed<br />

here was apparently the only James I in the hoard.<br />

There are several interesting points to mention here. Firstly the lack of Type 8 and Type 10b.<br />

In the author’s new classification of this series, I stated (p.39) that there was no evidence for the<br />

chronology of Middle period Richmond ovals. Given that this is a hoard of reasonable size, and that<br />

Type 8 is quite common, it would seem that Type 8 had not begun at the time this hoard was lost,<br />

and that Type 8 should post-date Type 10. The same could perhaps be said for Type 10b post-dating<br />

Type 10c, but 10b is too rare a piece to be certain of this. Examination of these pieces also<br />

convinced the author that E 113h and E 115a probably don’t exist, but are misreadings of<br />

punctuation by the author. The new discovery of a Type 7b with 7 harp strings is interesting. The<br />

large number of Type 10c with pm 9 in this hoard reminded me of the small hoard of eight<br />

farthings with pm 9 which I bought in 1996. It seems highly likely to me that they came from this<br />

same hoard. They were better quality pieces and were obviously the first to be sold off. I have now<br />

seen eight different pairs of dies for E 119, pm 9 farthings which is perhaps all there were,<br />

considering these farthings were manufactured in strips vertically.<br />

This hoard is perhaps the final proof that oval farthings were issued for use in Ireland. Doubts<br />

raised by Nigel Clark and others, due mainly to who was selling oval farthings and alleged<br />

provenances, may be entirely due to the illegal removal from Ireland of this comparatively large<br />

hoard for sale in England.<br />

The mixture of pms in the hoard would seem to suggest that the farthings might have been on<br />

the way back out of Ireland to the London Token House when lost, because a fresh delivery would<br />

surely all have had the same privy mark. Perhaps, however, old stock from the Token House was<br />

being recycled and sent, along with an issue of the newest pm 9 tokens to Dublin. 100 farthings<br />

are of course only just over 2 shillings and would only fill a small purse or bag. A delivery to Dublin<br />

would have been much larger, in a chest perhaps, so maybe just one small bag was dropped during<br />

unloading. It is such a shame that the hoard was dispersed before it could be properly examined,<br />

which might have helped more with some of these points. It is to be hoped that the Republic of<br />

Ireland adopts a Treasure Act similar to England & Wales, which would reward finders of such<br />

items and therefore encourage them to be declared. Many questions on the use of small change in<br />

Ireland could then be answered.<br />

Bibliography<br />

Everson, T. The Galata Guide to the Farthing Tokens of James I and Charles I: A History and Reclassification. Galata 2007<br />


JAMES I<br />

1.<br />

Lennox Type 5<br />


2. 3. 4. 5.<br />

Richmond Type 7b<br />

6.<br />

Richmond Type7b<br />

7.<br />

Richmond Type 9<br />

8.<br />

Richmond Type 10a<br />

9. 10. 11. 12.<br />

13. 14. 15. 16.<br />

17. 18. 19. 20.<br />

21. 22. 23. 24.<br />

Richmond Type 10c<br />

MARCH 2010 11

Portraits of Greek Coinage<br />

R. J. Eaglen<br />

31 – Clazomenae<br />

¿ hemidrachm, c.380 – 350<br />

Obverse<br />

Figure A<br />

Reverse<br />

Figure B<br />

Obv. Laureate head of Apollo, facing slightly l., with free-flowing<br />

hair.<br />

Rev. Swan facing l., arching neck and spreading wings.<br />

ΑΓΟΛΛΑΣ (magistrate) above and ΚΛ (Clazomenae) below.<br />

2.08g (13mm), die axis 315°.<br />

Author’s collection. Ex David Miller, 2004.<br />

Clazomenae is glimpsed intermittently as a modest star in the<br />

firmament of the Greek city states. It was one of the twelve cities<br />

comprising the Ionian League 1 . It was the birthplace of the<br />

distinguished philosopher Anaxagoras 2 and its athletes enjoyed<br />

success in the games at Delphi and Olympia 3 . From the late sixth<br />

century BC it produced distinctive black figure vases and<br />

impressive painted sarcophagi. Michael Grant mentions that the<br />

city was also well-known for its fish paste 4 . This is somewhat akin<br />

to saying that the United States of America is notable for its<br />

ketchup.<br />

The city originally developed close to the Gulf of Izmir, some<br />

twenty miles west of Smyrna 5 . According to Pausanias, at the<br />

beginning of the fifth century the inhabitants moved to an island<br />

close by the mainland for fear of Persian invasion. In calmer<br />

times, Alexander the Great had a 400 yard causeway constructed<br />

to join the island to the mainland 6 . Neither the barrier of water<br />

nor the fortifying walls constructed by the Clazomenians were<br />

proof against their succumbing to domination by Athens or by<br />

Persia. In the wake of the latter’s defeat at Marathon in 490 7 , the<br />

city joined the Delian League and for that privilege paid<br />

increasing tribute to Athens between 454 and 415 8 , culminating<br />

in a short-lived and ineffectual revolt in 412 9 . However, under the<br />

King’s Peace of 386, at the end of the Corinthian War waged by<br />

an unlikely alliance of Athens, Persia and others to thwart the<br />

expansionist ambitions of Sparta, Clazomenae was consigned to<br />

Persian rule 10 . This change ushered in a surprising and<br />

remarkable flowering of mint output at the city.<br />

Proximity to Lydia as the cradle of coinage resulted in silver<br />

being struck to the Persian standard at Clazomenae from the late<br />

sixth century 11 . The obverse showed the forepart of a winged boar,<br />

flying right and the reverse consisted of a quadripartite incuse<br />

square. There followed an interruption precipitated by an Ionian<br />

revolt in 494 against increasing Persian exactions 12 . Between 480<br />

and 450 the winged boar obverse was revived, now accompanied<br />

by an incuse square containing a ram’s head or a gorgoneon 13 .<br />

The coinage introduced after the King’s Peace abandoned the<br />

earlier imagery for a facing head of Apollo on the obverse and a<br />

swan with outstretched wings on the reverse, as illustrated in<br />

Figures A and B 14 . Besides gold staters, silver was struck using the<br />

Attic standard in tetradrachms, didrachms, drachms and<br />

hemidrachms 15 . The dies, especially of the rare stater and of the<br />

tetradrachm, included examples of artistry excelled nowhere else<br />

in ancient Greece. Some of the tetradrachms were signed by the<br />

engraver Theodotos, with the words ΦΕΟΔΟΤΟΣ ΕΠΟΕΙ<br />

(Theodotos made it). Perhaps the finest example of all is that<br />

shown in Figure C from Berlin (x2) 16 . In contrast with Sicily,<br />

where the engravers’ signatures usually form a discreet part of<br />

the design, Theodotos’ name is placed proudly in the field.<br />

Consequently the word ΕΠΟΕΙ is needed to make it clear that the<br />

name refers to the engraver rather than a magistrate. Much later,<br />

this form of words, in Latin, was widely used by artists and<br />

craftsmen as a merited or occasionally optimistic celebration of<br />

their work: ‘Isaac Ollivierus fecit’, on a miniature watercolour on<br />

vellum,1616 17 ; ‘Thos Tompion Londini fecit’, on the dial of a<br />

longcase clock, c.1675 18 .<br />

It would be absurd to be tempted into partiality between<br />

Theodotos’ facing bust dies of Apollo and those of Athena signed<br />

by Eucleidas 19 or of Arethusa by Cimon 20 at Syracuse, or of Apollo<br />

by Heracleidas at Camarina 21 , or, indeed, the finest unsigned<br />

tetradrachms of Helios from Rhodes 22 or of Apollo from<br />

Amphipolis 23 . Fittingly, Theodotos’ conception of Apollo most<br />

closely resembles Heracleidas’ portrayal of the same god.<br />

Heracleidas’ treatment of the hair, however, is quite different,<br />

more whispy and given body by bold wreathing with laurels. In<br />

contrast, Theodotos’ Apollo has thicker locks of free-flowing hair<br />

with less bold laurel leaves. On certain of the dies from<br />

Amphipolis a strikingly unusual effect is obtained by turning the<br />

face slightly further towards profile 24 . The facial expression<br />

achieved with the Berlin obverse die (Figure C) is captivating.<br />

Although identifiably more human than the facing heads of<br />

Rhodes, it nevertheless conveys a detachment, serenity and<br />

introspective profundity setting it apart from mundane<br />

experience 25 .<br />

Figure C (x2)<br />

The superb obverse design is matched by the reverse<br />

portraying a swan with spread wings (Fig. F below) The image fits<br />

perfectly within the circle of the flan, the nearly parallel lines of<br />

the wing feathers contrasting pleasingly with the curves of the<br />

bird’s head and neck. In comparison, the quadriga on Sicilian<br />

reverses scores with its appealing detail and sense of movement,<br />

but inevitably loses something in our eyes because of its<br />

widespread repeated use 26 . The image of a swan on the coins of<br />

Clazomenae has been explained in various ways: as an emblem of<br />

Apollo, because the species was abundant in the region, and,<br />

more speculatively, because the name of the city recalled the<br />

bird’s plaintive notes 27 . Apart from Clazomenae, the swan occurs<br />

on the reverse of coins struck in the mid fourth century at Leucai,<br />

located at the south of an island in the Gulf about twelve miles to<br />

the north of Clazomenae 28 . Its appearance there is not surprising<br />

since the Clazomenians gained control of the island after a<br />

dispute with Kyme arbitrated by the Delphic oracle 29 . An exotic<br />

image of a swan also appears on didrachms of Camarina (c.410),<br />

showing the bird swimming through waves with the nymph<br />

Camarina on its back 30 .<br />

Writing in glowing terms of a Theodotos tetradrachm in the<br />

British Museum, H. J. Berk in 100 Greatest Ancient Coins, has<br />

speculated that it would command a market value in excess of<br />

$500,000 31 . And arguably its style and certainly its metal quality<br />

is inferior to the Berlin specimen. At the other extreme unsigned<br />

examples of the type in poor condition occasionally appear on the<br />

market at about 1% of Berk’s figure 32 , but, as the percentage<br />


difference implies, comparison is irrelevant. Nevertheless, for the<br />

more modest collector, well executed unsigned dies of smaller<br />

denominations do come on to the market. Interestingly, even<br />

Lockett possessed two drachms, five hemidrachms, but no<br />

tetradrachm 33 and Gulbenkian was happy to purchase four<br />

drachms and a hemidrachm besides his two tetradrachms 34 .<br />

To conclude, the hemidrachm illustrated as Figures A and B<br />

is shown enlarged at Figures E and G, alongside life-size images<br />

of the Berlin specimen (Figures D and F). Given that the<br />

hemidrachm only has about one eighth of the metallic content of<br />

the tetradrachm and a mere quarter of its surface area, it stands<br />

up bravely to the comparison.<br />

23. Jenkins, Ancient Greek Coins, 213; GCV 1378 (p.141), illustrated.<br />

24. GCV 1378.<br />

26. Other remarkable obverse dies by Theodotos include Gulbenkian 737,<br />

Jameson 1493 and GCV 4315 (p.397), illustrated, the coin referred to in<br />

footnote 31 below. Amongst unsigned dies Pozzi 2399 is outstanding,<br />

with a slender face, copious hair and finely modelled mouth.<br />

26. See GCV 944 (p.100), illustrated, for an example by Cimon.<br />

27. Head, Historia Nummorum, p.368.<br />

28. Atlas, Maps 56 D5, 57 E3.<br />

29. Poleis, p.1046.<br />

30. Bunker Hunt, I, 19 June 1990, 80.<br />

31. H. J. Berk, 100 Greatest Coins (Atlanta, 2008), No.47, p.47.<br />

32. E.g. CNG Mail Bid Sale 73, 13 September 2006, 321, sold at $4,000,<br />

against an estimate of $1,000.<br />

33. Lockett 2270-1, 2272-6. The 43 Sartiges plates of spectacular coins (see<br />

J. Spring, Ancient Coin Auction Catalogues, 1880 – 1980, entry 487,<br />

p.190) only includes two hemidrachms from Clazomenae (354-5).<br />

34. Gulbenkian 735, 738, 740-1; 739; 736-7. Strangely some of these<br />

pieces fell short of his normal standards of artistic merit.<br />

Figure D<br />

Figure E<br />

Semiotics of Celtic Coins VIII –<br />

Seeing Past the Die-Cutters<br />

Robert D. Van Arsdell<br />

Figure F<br />

Figure G<br />

Acknowledgement:<br />

Figures C, D and F are published with the permission of the<br />

Münzkabinett, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, object 18216497.<br />

Footnotes:<br />

1. Heroditus 1. 142.3; M. Grant, A Guide to the Ancient World (London,<br />

1986), p.173; An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis (Poleis), edited by<br />

M. H. Hansen and T. H. Nielsen (Oxford, 2004), p.1076.<br />

2. The Oxford Classical Dictionary (OCD), 3rd edition revised, edited by<br />

S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (Oxford, 2003), p.84.<br />

3. Poleis, p.1077.<br />

4. Grant, Guide to the Ancient World, p.173.<br />

5. Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World (Atlas), edited by R. Talbert<br />

(Oxford and Princeton, 2000), Maps 56 D5, 57 E3.<br />

6. Pausanias 7.3.9.<br />

7. OCD, p.921.<br />

8. Poleis, p.1076.<br />

9. Thucydides 8.14.3, 8.23.6.<br />

10. OCD, pp.391, 807.<br />

11. D. R. Sear, Greek Coins and their Values (GCV), II (London, 1979), 3501-2<br />

(p.326).<br />

12. B. V. Head, Historia Nummmorum (Oxford, 1911), p.567.<br />

13. GCV 4309-12 (pp.395,397).<br />

14. The winged boar survived as a small symbol beneath the swan on staters<br />

(see G. K. Jenkins, Ancient Greek Coins (London, 1972), 299 (illustration);<br />

GCV 4313 (p.397).<br />

15. GCV 4314-9 (p.397).<br />

16. Berlin. The obverse is finely illustrated (x4) in C. M. Kraay and M. Hirmer,<br />

Greek Coins (New York), 608, and the reverse (x2), 609.<br />

17. D. Foskett, Miniatures, Dictionary and Guide (Woodbridge, 1987), p.65.<br />

18. T. Robinson, The Longcase Clock (Woodbridge, 1981), p.62.<br />

19. Kraay and Hirmer, Greek Coins, 111 (Plate IV); Jenkins, Ancient Greek<br />

Coins, 400.<br />

20. Kraay and Hirmer, Greek Coins, 122; R. J. Eaglen, ‘Portraits of Greek<br />

Coinage, 4 - Larissa’, NCirc, June 2005, p.173, Figure A; Jenkins, Ancient<br />

Greek Coins, 418; GCV, I (London, 1978), 944 (p.100), illustrated.<br />

21. Kraay and Hirmer, Greek Coins, 44 (Plate III); Jenkins, Ancient Greek Coins<br />

429; GCV 771 (p.81), illustrated.<br />

22. GCV 5029, 5032 (p.456), illustrated; Jenkins, Ancient Greek Coins, 208.<br />

See ‘Portraits of Greek Coinage, 29 - Rhodes’, NCirc, September 2009,<br />

pp.161-2 for later facing heads of Helios.<br />

Have the die-cutters helped or hindered us in the quest to<br />

understand the images on Ancient British coins? I have asserted 1<br />

that the images are propaganda, not art – that they carry coded<br />

messages from rulers to the people. But these images were created<br />

by craftspeople, ones who may have injected ideas of their own.<br />

How do we deal with the complications here?<br />

A two-step procedure can help. The first step is to determine<br />

whether the creativity of the die-cutter has caused any confusion.<br />

Then, if we suspect it has, we can change the semiotic analysis in<br />

the second step to minimize the effect of that confusion.<br />

The issue of “confusion” needs some explanation. Surely the<br />

rulers would take care to see that their messages were translated<br />

properly onto the coins. However, no ruler would be immune to<br />

the claim that a die-cutter, using skill and creativity, had “made a<br />

more forceful statement of the message”. We have to overcome<br />

two aspects of this creativity when we look at images.<br />

Artistry<br />

Semiotics<br />

Decoration<br />

Artistry, decoration and semiotics<br />

Figure 1<br />

The first is the way the die-cutters used artistry to express<br />

emotions that increase the impact of the image on the viewer. The<br />

second is the way they used decoration to modify images or fill up<br />

empty space to produce a pleasing effect to attract the viewer.<br />

There is no clear boundary between the two, and each overlaps<br />

semiotic expression (figure 1). Indeed, a die-cutter may employ<br />

MARCH 2010 13

oth artistry and decoration on the same image. In general, the<br />

possibility of decoration should be taken as a caution that not<br />

every dot, pellet-in-circle motif, sunburst or flower carries some<br />

deep and complicated semiotic message.<br />

The most difficult job when appraising British coin imagery is<br />

to find the Code that links the image with the intended message.<br />

When artistry and decoration intrude on the semiotics they can<br />

make it easier to find the Code or they can obscure it entirely,<br />

depending on the circumstances.<br />

The biga stater of Cunobeline (figure 2) shows both effects in<br />

action. In the following analysis I will show how the die-cutter<br />

has used artistry to make one Code plain to the viewer. Then, on<br />

the same image, I will show how decoration has made it difficult<br />

to assess the Code of an Amalgamation Switcher. This confusion<br />

causes us to find several possible Codes, leaving us to choose the<br />

most plausible among them.<br />

The reverse of the biga stater carries a main image of two<br />

horses and a wheel, usually interpreted as a biga 2 . Cunobeline’s<br />

name appears below the horses and a large leaf appears above.<br />

Leaves<br />

Figure 3<br />

Cunobeline Biga Stater<br />

Figure 2<br />

Cunobeline’s name would be an Amalgamation Switcher<br />

meaning that he was taking credit for whatever was conveyed by<br />

the rest of the imagery.<br />

Taking the biga first, the die-cutter has used artistry to<br />

enhance the impact of the horses. The image may have been<br />

adapted from Roman denarii 3 , but the die-cutter has exaggerated<br />

its appearance. The legs have been abnormally lengthened and<br />

stretch out from the horses in an unnatural way. The horses are<br />

straining for speed, adding the connotation of violence to the<br />

message. This biga isn’t in a parade, it’s in action – and<br />

Cunobeline is taking credit for that action. Here, the use of<br />

artistry has helped clarify a Code in which the wheel and horses<br />

denote a war chariot, with a connotation of military action. We<br />

need not change our semiotic analysis, because there appears to<br />

be no confusion about the image.<br />

The leaf (figure 3), however, is more problematic. Likely an<br />

Amalgamation Switcher, one immediately suspects it adds the<br />

connotation of “success”, but the Code may be more complicated<br />

than that. The difficulty lies in the form of the leaf. It’s an<br />

elongated, heart-shaped leaf, and one wonders if it denotes a<br />

specific type of plant, one conveying a message well known in pre-<br />

Roman Britain.<br />

In general, heart-shaped leaves are unusual in Celtic imagery.<br />

Jacobthal 4 mentions an Attic cup imported to the Kleinaspargle in<br />

Germany, a first century AD Roman potshard from Knorr, and a<br />

“row-of-hearts” pattern in his gazetteer of images. None of these<br />

is a convincing pointer to Celtic semiotics. Eluere 5 mentions a<br />

sculpture of a vine in gold-covered bronze, and Vouga 6 shows a<br />

heart-shaped leaf on a sword from La Tene. This meager list<br />

suggests the heart-shaped leaf was not a common symbol in the<br />

Iron Age anywhere in Europe.<br />

If an actual plant was intended, a likely one for Britain is<br />

Clematis Vitalba (Traveller’s Joy or Old Man’s Beard). Syringa<br />

(Lilac), a post-medieval introduction to Britain, is unlikely.<br />

Clematis is a climbing shrub that grows aggressively, often<br />

driving out other species of plants. It’s considered intrusive and<br />

dangerous to native species in New Zealand. One might jump to<br />

the conclusion that these traits would be well known in Ancient<br />

Britain, and suggest that the leaf denotes aggressiveness – that<br />

Cunobeline had “smothered” his enemies. Such a suggestion,<br />

while plausible, forces us to project a modern meaning onto a<br />

2000 year old image. This is even less justified than selecting an<br />

image from the Bronze Age to suggest a Code for the leaf. To find<br />

the likely Code, we need to seek evidence closer to the time of the<br />

coin.<br />

Clematis is mentioned in Pliny’s Natural History 7 , dedicated to<br />

the Emperor Titus, and thus written within 75 years of the coin.<br />

He mentions Clematis primarily for its medicinal uses. One, that of<br />

“stopping bleeding”, would be appropriate to a military situation.<br />

He does not suggest that the people in Britain or Gaul attached<br />

any special significance to the plant. There is nothing about<br />

Pliny’s description of Clematis that suggests a Code for the coin<br />

image. This negative evidence, while inconclusive, leaves us with<br />

the suspicion that the die-cutter has used decoration to “improve”<br />

the appearance of the coin. He has engraved a heart-shaped leaf<br />

instead of the type intended by the ruler.<br />

Two other kinds of leaf may have carried the intended<br />

message. Pliny mentions Viscum (mistletoe) 8 as a plant that had<br />

special significance to the Druids. He mentions that it is an<br />

antidote for poisons. If the Code denoted mistletoe, then the<br />

intended connotations might include “Druid involvement” and<br />

“antidote”. This would lead to a second denotation of<br />

“assassination”, with connotations of “treachery” and “survived<br />

an assassination attempt”. The image of a mistletoe leaf above the<br />

horses would have been fairly unattractive. If the die-cutter used<br />

decoration to change it to a heart-shaped leaf, it would have<br />

improved the appearance of the coin.<br />

Alternatively, the intended leaf may have been Laurum<br />

(laurel). A laurel leaf would also have been unattractive, and we<br />

may suspect that the die-cutter improved its appearance via<br />

decoration. Laurel leaves appear on most British staters. Indeed,<br />

as the images on the earliest British staters became increasingly<br />

abstract, the laurel wreath on the head of Apollo came to<br />

dominate. A Code involving the denotation “laurel” and the<br />

connotations of “accomplishment” or “success” is plausible for<br />

the image. This would be a case in which both the image and its<br />

Code had been borrowed from the Greco-Roman world.<br />

But we are left with the unsatisfactory feeling that the heartshaped<br />

leaf has been engraved by a die-cutter intent on<br />

“improving” the image via decoration, but we cannot be sure.<br />

Some possibilities for Codes are:<br />


1) The leaf is simply a decoration, has no meaning, and there<br />

is no Code to find.<br />

2) The first denotation of the leaf is Clematis but we don’t<br />

know the Code’s connotations. We might be tempted to<br />

suggest some based on our modern knowledge of the plant.<br />

3) The first denotation of the leaf was supposed to be mistletoe<br />

and the Code’s connotations may involve religious elites and<br />

treachery. Further Codes may involve an assassination<br />

attempt and survival. Perhaps, the Druids tried to kill<br />

Cunobeline or alternatively they may have saved him by<br />

administering an antidote.<br />

4) The denotation of the leaf was supposed to be laurel<br />

and the Code’s connotations involve “success” or<br />

“accomplishment”.<br />

Faced with four choices, we can now say that the die-cutter has<br />

caused confusion. He has confused modern viewers, and he may<br />

have confused ancient viewers as well.<br />

At this point we change our semiotic analysis, using the<br />

concepts of overcoding and undercoding 9 .<br />

We could overcode the meaning of an image when we have<br />

some understanding of the situation and the culture of the people<br />

involved. We believe we know the Code and have identified the<br />

first denotation and connotations accurately. We then use these to<br />

suggest second and third denotations and connotations. The<br />

result is a large, detailed sememe diagram, full of complicated<br />

meanings.<br />

We could undercode the meaning when we are unsure of the<br />

situation and the culture of the people involved. We do not know<br />

the Code well and can only suggest a possible first denotation and<br />

one or two connotations. The connotations are best left simple,<br />

even vague, to assure we are not stepping beyond the bounds<br />

imposed by our lack of understanding. The result is a small,<br />

uncomplicated sememe diagram, with only simple or vague<br />

meanings. The hope is, given time, our understanding will<br />

improve and allow us to enlarge the diagram.<br />

Using overcoding and undercoding, we can now choose<br />

amongst the four Codes for the leaf.<br />

1) The leaf is simply a decoration. The leaf too large to be a mere<br />

decoration – it ought to have a semiotic role, acting as an<br />

Amalgamation Switcher, modifying the meaning of the<br />

biga. The idea that the leaf is simply a decoration and has no<br />

meaning is the least likely suggestion.<br />

2) The leaf is Clematis. Denoting the leaf as Clematis doesn’t<br />

help our semiotic analysis. We can’t suggest any<br />

connotations based on evidence from the time of the coin.<br />

We just don’t have a good enough understanding of the<br />

situation or the culture of the people. Suggesting<br />

connotations based on our modern knowledge of the plant<br />

and then elaborating the sememe diagram further would be<br />

unjustified overcoding. It is virtually a waste of time to<br />

assert a denotation for an image without adding a plausible<br />

set of connotations. Semiotic workers should reject any<br />

approach that merely gives a denotation for an image,<br />

because the important part of the message usually lurks<br />

in the connotations. The test of a semiotic analysis is how<br />

well the connotations hold up under scrutiny. While<br />

plausible, the denotation of Clematis should be rejected.<br />

3) The leaf was supposed to be mistletoe. The denotation mistletoe<br />

offers the attraction that we have a contemporary<br />

document offering a plausible set of connotations. Druidic<br />

involvement and antidotes for poisons are plausible<br />

connotations for the time. However, we lack a true<br />

understanding of the situation to assert these connotations<br />

are correct. Thus, any sememe diagram involving Druids,<br />

poison and intrigue constitute unjustified overcoding. The<br />

mistletoe denotation is tantalizing and plausible. But we<br />

should reject it until we have a better understanding of the<br />

situation.<br />

4) The leaf was supposed to be laurel. Laurel offers the attraction<br />

that earlier Celtic coins have a laurel wreath as a main<br />

device. The denotation of the leaf as laurel with the<br />

connotation of “success” or “accomplishment” should have<br />

been well understood by local people at the time of<br />

Cunobeline. The image, its denotation and connotations<br />

would have been borrowed from the contemporary Roman<br />

semiotics. By using the single, vague connotation of<br />

“success” we are properly using undercoding in a situation<br />

where we are unsure of the situation or the culture of the<br />

people. Of the four denotations, laurel is the simplest and<br />

most likely choice. The leaf would then be an<br />

Amalgamation Switcher meaning that Cunobeline’s<br />

military action had been successful. It is the kind of message<br />

to be expected on a new ruler’s coinage.<br />

To complete the analysis we have to appraise the obverse<br />

image. The CAMVL denotes Camulodunum, with a connotation<br />

that it is the place of minting or perhaps the Capitol. The double<br />

row of dots should denote a laurel wreath, with the connotation<br />

of “success”, and the four heart-shaped leaves should again<br />

denote laurel with a connotation of “success”. Thus the obverse of<br />

the coin mimics the message on the reverse. Overall, the message<br />

of the coin is that Cunobeline has been responsible for a<br />

successful military action.<br />

The period 10 B.C. to 10 A.D. has always been a problematic<br />

one for numismatists, because it is almost impossible to identify<br />

the British rulers 10 . Usually it has been interpreted as a period of<br />

unrest, ended by the accession of Cunobeline. The Biga stater, as<br />

a “victory” issue fits with this interpretation well. This message<br />

would have especially resonated with the Warrior Elites. However,<br />

other groups in society may have been persuaded to support<br />

Cunobeline had he ended a period of strife.<br />

As an aside, Cunobeline issued later staters on which the laurel<br />

wreath was replaced by an ear of Barley. Allen 11 suggested the<br />

barley denotation and offered the connotation that Cunobeline<br />

and Verica had a rivalry (Verica placed a vine leaf on his coins).<br />

Hawkes then suggested to Stevens 12 that the barley ear carried the<br />

connotation that Cunobeline championed British beer while<br />

Verica championed Roman wine. He suggested the rivalry was<br />

over a pro-Roman versus anti-Roman stance using beverages as a<br />

metaphor. One wonders today whether we have enough<br />

knowledge of the situation and the culture of the people to assert<br />

these connotations. Should the trio have merely suggested that<br />

the barley ear carried a connotation like “the wealth of the<br />

realm”, and thus used undercoding? Or, alternatively, was Allen<br />

justified in overcoding the sememe to include a rivalry between<br />

two rulers? Finally, was Hawkes completely unjustified in<br />

overcoding the sememe further to suggest beverages as a<br />

metaphor for a political stance? Today, we might re-read the<br />

ancient authors carefully and reach the conclusion that<br />

undercoding was the best choice based on our knowledge of the<br />

situation. But today, we have the benefit of Eco’s writings to help<br />

us see the issues involved more clearly. It would be 25 years after<br />

Stevens’ paper appeared that Eco’s “A Theory of Semiotics” was<br />

published.<br />

Footnotes:<br />

1. Van Arsdell, R.D., 2009, Semiotics of Celtic Coins V – It’s Not Art, NCIRC,<br />

vol. CXVI, p. 194.<br />

2. Evans, J., 1864, The Coinage of the Ancient Britons, p. 296.<br />

3. For example, see Grueber, H. A., Coinage of the Roman Republic in the<br />

British Museum, vol. 3, pl. LIX, number 4.<br />

4. Jacobthal, P. 1944, Early Celtic Art, pl. 26, pl. 219(c), pl. 344 number<br />

379.<br />

5. Eleure, C., 2004, L’Art des Celtes, pl. 304.<br />

6. Vouga, P. 1923, La Tene, pl. II, no. 3.<br />

7. Pliny, Natural History, XXIV, 88.<br />

8. Pliny, Natural History, XVI, 95, and XXIV, 6.<br />

9. Eco, Umberto, 1976, A Theory of Semiotics, pp. 133 – 136.<br />

10. For example, see diagram, Allen, D.F., 1944, The Belgic Dynasties of<br />

Britain and their Coins, Archaeologia, vol. CX, pp. 44 – 45.<br />

11. IBID, p. 10.<br />

12. Stevens, C.E. 1951, “Britain Between the Invasions (B.C. 54 – A.D. 43), in<br />

Aspects of Archaeology in Britain and Beyond” Essays Presented to O.G.S.<br />

Crawford, p. 342.<br />

MARCH 2010 15

Book Reviews<br />

Byzantine Coins in Central Europe between the 5th and 10th<br />

Century, Ed. Marcin Woloszin, MORAVIA MAGNA, Seria Polona,<br />

vol III, Krakow, 2009. 684 pp. £60.<br />

This work publishes 37 papers read at a conference organised<br />

by the Polish Acadamy of Arts and Sciences and the Institute of<br />

Archaeology of the University of Rzeszov between 23 and 26<br />

April 2007 although five are represented only by the abstracts<br />

submitted to the organisers prior to the conference. The five<br />

speakers were, for some reason, later unable to supply the full<br />

texts of their spoken papers. These are starred below.<br />

Of these papers 26 are published in English, 10 in German and<br />

one in French, but all have a brief summary in English. The<br />

authors, with few exceptions, are German or eastern European<br />

scholars.<br />

The papers are as follows under five general headings (I - V):<br />

I. Romans, Barbarians, Treasures: Historical Interpretation, The<br />

International Cooperation.<br />

1. Tribute und Jahrgelder in fruhmittelalterlichen<br />

Konigsschatzen als Faktoren der Munzdistribution in<br />

Ostmitteleuropa. Matthias Hardt.<br />

2.* A Network for the Study of Coin Finds in Europe.<br />

Georges Depeyrot.<br />

II. Late Antiquity: Empire.<br />

3.* From Aetius to Clovis: An unpublished argenteus struck<br />

at Trier at the end of the Fifth Century. Francois Planet.<br />

4. Invictissimus Avtor - An Unusual Series of Baduila<br />

(Totila): A New Example From Croatia. Zeljko Demo.<br />

5. Coin Hoards from Late 6th and 7th Century Discovered<br />

in the Republic of Macedonia. Maja Hadzi-Maneva.<br />

6.* Single Finds from the 5th Century A.D. in Dobrogea.<br />

Delia Moisil, Gabriel Talmatchi and Gabriel Custurea.<br />

7.* Some Guiding Remarks on Byzantine Coin Circulation<br />

in Dobrogea (6th - 7th C. A. D.). Gabriel Custurea.<br />

8. La Circulation Monetaire a (L)IBIDA (Scythie Mineure)<br />

du Ve Siecle au Debut du VIIe Siecle. Mihaela Iacob.<br />

III. Migration Period.<br />

9. Ost-und westromische Goldmunzen des 5.<br />

Jahrhunderts im Karpatenbecken. Peter Prohaszka.<br />

10. Spatromische und volkwanderungszeitliche<br />

Munzhorte und andere Munzefunde im Nordlichen<br />

Karpatenbecken. Eva Kolnikova and Karol Pieta.<br />

11. Germanic Gold Bracteates from the Hoard in Zagorzyn<br />

near Kalisz. Aleksander Bursche.<br />

12. Remarks on the Inflow of Roman Coins into Southern<br />

Poland in the Second Half of the 4th and in the 5th<br />

Centuries A.D. Jaroslaw Bodzek.<br />

13. A Solidus of Theodosius II from Opaka in the context of<br />

other finds from District Lubaczow dated to AD 5th<br />

Century. Marcin Piotrowski and Grezgorz Dabrowski.<br />

14. Der Zufluss von Solidi in die sudlichen Ostseegebiete.<br />

Renata Ciolek.<br />

15. Late Roman and Byzantine Coins found in Denmark.<br />

Helle W. Horsnaes.<br />

16. Solidus Finds in the Northern Lands. Tuukka Talvio.<br />

IV. Migration Period: Barbaricum (6th - 7th Century).<br />

17. Byzantinische Munzen des ausgehenden 5 bis<br />

beginnenden 8 Jahrhunderts in den ostlichen Regionen<br />

des Merowingerreiches. Jurg Drauschke.<br />

18. Der byzantinischen und Karolingischen Fundmunzen<br />

aus dem osterreichischen Bereich der Avaria - Eine<br />

Neubearbeitung. Heinz Winter.<br />

19. Finds of the Early Byzantine Coins of the 6th and the<br />

7th Century in the Territory of the Czech Republic. Jiri<br />

Militky.<br />

20. Finds of Byzantine Coins from the 5th - 10th Century<br />

from the Southern Part of the Carpathian Basin. Jan<br />

Hunka.<br />

21. Antike Munzen in Gebiet der Slowakei aus der Zeit des<br />

Awarischen Khaganats. Jozef Zabojnik.<br />

22. Der Fund von Kleinschelken (Siebenburgen, 1856) im<br />

Licht neuertdeckter Archivdaten. Peter Somogyi.<br />

23. Face Value or Bullion Value? Early Byzantine Coins<br />

beyond the Lower Danube Border. Andrei Gandila.<br />

24. Byzantinische Munzen aus dem 6 - 7 JH in Polen.<br />

Marcin Woloszyn.<br />

25. Byzantine Coin Finds from the 6th to the 8th Century<br />

between Elbe and Oder and their Meaning for<br />

Settlement History. Felix Biermann.<br />

26. Byzantine Coins of the 5th - 9th Century and their<br />

Imitations in the Central and Eastern Ciscaucasus. Yurij<br />

A. Prokopenko.<br />

V. Middle Ages.<br />

27. Coin Finds of Emperor Constantine V Copronymus in<br />

Southern Croatia. Tomislav Separovic.<br />

28. The Byzantine Empire and the Territories North of the<br />

Lower Danube (9th - Early 11th Cent.). The Numismatic<br />

Evidence. Ernst Oberlander-Tarnoveanu.<br />

29. Byzantine Coins from the 9th - 10th Century from the<br />

Czech Republic. Nada Profantova.<br />

30. The Roman and Byzantine Coins in the Hoard Find<br />

from Kelc (Czech Republic). Lubos Polansky and Lenka<br />

Vacinova.<br />

31. Some Remarks on the Beginnings of the Influx of<br />

Byzantine Coins into Wielkopolska in the 10th Century.<br />

Adam Gliksman.<br />

32. A Gilded Miliaresion from the Excavations in the Market<br />

Square in Cracow. Maciej Salamon.<br />

33. Funde byzantinische Munzen in Estland. Ivar Leimus.<br />

34. A Byzantine Solidus Coin from the Research of B. A.<br />

Zvizdec’kyj in Iskorosten. Andrei V. Petrauskas.<br />

35. A Remarkable 10th Century Warrior Burial from the<br />

Tumulus on the Territory of Prince Volodymyr’s Town<br />

in Kyiv, Ukraine. Michail M. Ievlev.<br />

36.* New Facts in the Numismatics of Mediaeval Cherson.<br />

Eugeny Ja. Turovsky.<br />

37. From Money-Trade to Barter. Economic<br />

Transformations in Byzantine Crimea (10th - 13th<br />

Century). Thomas Bruggemann.<br />

As can be seen from the titles, the topics are wide-ranging,<br />

several being quite general such as nos. 7, 9, 17, 22 and 28 while<br />

others are more specific such as nos. 3, 4, 11, 13, 32 and 34.<br />

It seems unlikely that this book will appeal to those who merely<br />

collect by catalogue numbers but for other students of Byzantine<br />

coins it is surely a book worth adding to their libraries. Most of the<br />

articles have lengthy bibliographies - in fact the grand total of<br />

referenced works for all the articles is over 2200. Some, generally<br />

books such as RIC, DOC and MIB are obviously duplicated but the<br />

majority of references are to articles which will surely be<br />

unknown to most of the readers of this review. In addition, for<br />

those interested in following up any of these topics, the postal and<br />

e-mail addresses of all the authors appear at the end of their<br />

papers.<br />

S.B.<br />


‘Monete Bizantine di Sicilia’, Marco Anastasi, 2009, 252 pp. £85.<br />

This book, despite its price, may be useful to those who specialise<br />

in collecting Byzantine coins struck in Sicily since Spahr is out of<br />

print and it illustrates some 600 coins. However, it is by no means<br />

a work of scholarship. The major numismatic works consulted<br />

are ‘Byzantine Coins and their Values’, the 1930 Ratto catalogue,<br />

Andreas Sommer’s catalogue of the Byzantine coins in the<br />

University of Gottingen, Spahr and two recent catalogues of<br />

Sicilian Byzantine bronze coins by Calciati (2000) and Trivero<br />

(2006).There is no mention of the catalogues of the coins in DO,<br />

the BM, the BN, the Barber Institute, Berlin or the Hermitage<br />

(published by Tolstoi) but only five private Italian collections and<br />

the ANS.<br />

The material for this work appears to have been culled from<br />

trawling the internet – no fewer than 68 dealers’ websites are<br />

listed. The illustrations have possibly come from the same sources<br />

and vary in quality.<br />

There is a brief historical introduction to each reign,<br />

presumably taken from Ostrogorsky’s history of the Byzantine<br />

empire since this is the only historical work listed in the sources<br />

used. The shortcomings of this work can be seen from that<br />

although Mezezius is mentioned as rebelling on the death of<br />

Constans II, his coinage, solidi and tremisses are omitted.<br />

However, there are several coins listed that were unknown to<br />

Spahr and a number of new varieties (variant legends etc.) of<br />

several types, mainly gold and not all illustrated. It seems a little<br />

unnecessary to list 46 countermarked coins of Heraclius not just<br />

by the form of the countermarks but listing each undertype<br />

known to the author.<br />

Since the major catalogues are neither mentioned in the<br />

bibliography nor used as references it is not surprising that minor<br />

articles have been overlooked such as that in the Numismatic<br />

Circular in February 1981 which published the first known<br />

specimen of S. 1114A; MIB 213 which is illustrated by Hahn and<br />

is possibly the photo reproduced in this book. Both the author of<br />

1981 article and Hahn published this coin and other coppers of<br />

Constans as bearing indictional and not regnal dates and this was<br />

followed by Seaby’s ‘Byzantine Coins and their Values’. The<br />

author of this book, while using Seaby’s reference has reverted to<br />

describing the years of the reign as regnal.<br />

The book comes with a small insert giving valuations in euros<br />

for all but the rarest coins. This book is now the major gathering<br />

of this material available in print.<br />

S.B.<br />

Obituaries<br />

David Magnay<br />

3rd October 1942 - 3rd September 2009<br />

David Edgar Magnay, TD, RAPC, a<br />

very well-known figure in the<br />

paranumismatic world and a longtime<br />

expert in the fields of toy and<br />

model money, died at the Marie<br />

Curie Hospice, Penarth, on 3<br />

September 2009 after a short<br />

illness. He was 66 years old.<br />

Born on 3 October 1942,<br />

David spent his early years in the<br />

UK and Singapore, where his<br />

Father had been incarcerated in a<br />

PoW camp after the fall of the city.<br />

He was educated at Mowden Hall in<br />

Northumberland and Bryanston and<br />

joined Lloyds Bank in Southampton at<br />

the age of 18. His banking career took him all over the UK and I<br />

first met him when he lived at Laverstock, just outside Salisbury.<br />

Already a keen collector of coins, especially crowns, David and his<br />

wife Georgina joined our Society in 1969 and we were sorry to<br />

lose them from our number when work took him to Chandlers<br />

Ford, then Tunbridge Wells, West Kirby (where David was senior<br />

manager of a Liverpool city centre branch) and finally Cardiff,<br />

where he was the bank’s senior commercial manager. Made<br />

redundant by the bank in the late 1980s, he and two colleagues<br />

founded the Business Mortgage Company in Cardiff in 1989,<br />

from which he retired 11 years ago.<br />

David also spent a long time - no less than 37 years - in the<br />

Territorial Army. Joining the Army Emergency Reserve in<br />

Southampton in 1961 he was told by the recruiting sergeant<br />

that as ‘you work in the bank, lad, you are therefore in the Royal<br />

Army Pay Corps.’ Latterly David was paymaster and regional<br />

administrative officer for 104 Regiment, Royal Artillery, in<br />

Newport, putting in about 100 days service a year. He was proud<br />

of his Territorial Decoration, qualifying for the medal after 15<br />

years and earning three further clasps, each representing a<br />

further six years’ service.<br />

Although as a schoolboy David collected stamps, the job with<br />

Lloyd’s fired an enthusiasm for coins in 1960 which never left<br />

him. He became a considerable authority on toy coins and model<br />

money, forming as a consequence a particularly notable<br />

collection of fractional farthings and Victorian pattern pennies by<br />

the Birmingham diesinker Joseph Moore (1817-92), which was<br />

dispersed by DNW in February 1999. In the 1970s and 1980s he<br />

contributed several articles to the pages of <strong>Spink</strong>’s Numismatic<br />

Circular on model money and collaborated extensively with the<br />

late David de Sola Rogers in the latter’s Toy Coins, published in<br />

1990. Building on the original series of monographs by Roy<br />

Hawkins in BNJ from 1960-8, David compiled A Catalogue of<br />

Advertising Imitation Spade Guineas and Half-Guineas, which<br />

appeared in 1997; he, along with David Young and Gavin Scott,<br />

subsequently became the principal collaborators in Bryce<br />

Neilson’s 2003 Galata publication, A Thousand Guineas, A<br />

Checklist of Imitation Guineas and their Fractions. David<br />

attended his first Token Congress in 1987 and in recent years was<br />

a regular attender, sometimes accompanied by Georgina.<br />

Apart from coins, David had many other interests. He had been<br />

a member of lions clubs in Tonbridge, Wallasey and Cowbridge<br />

and he and Georgina were two of the instigators of the Vale of<br />

Glamorgan National Trust Association, for which he served as<br />

treasurer for seven years. He was a founder member and<br />

subsequent chairman of Vale Probus Club and chairman of<br />

Cowbridge Allotments Association, even broadcasting on<br />

horticultural matters for Harlech TV, and had recently served on<br />

the town council of Cowbridge with Llanbethian. Testifying to the<br />

high esteem in which he was held locally, over 200 people<br />

attended his funeral at Holy Cross Church, Cowbridge, on 16<br />

September.<br />

David’s wife, Georgina, whom he married in 1965, and their<br />

triplets, Claire, Andrew and Kate, survive him.<br />



MARCH 2010 17

Ann Elizabeth Johnston<br />

12th July 1944 - 2nd January 2010<br />

Ann was born 12 July 1944 in<br />

Banff, Scotland. Her father, of<br />

no particular education, was a<br />

meteorologist in the Royal Air<br />

Force who took advantage of<br />

the opportunities available to<br />

the de-mobbed after the war<br />

and went on to attain the PhD<br />

in Physics (UCL), to work on a<br />

high theoretical level at<br />

Harwell, and then to turn<br />

about to teach happily in the<br />

state school system in Oxford.<br />

From him, and from her<br />

Scottish mother, Ann<br />

absorbed the joy of learning<br />

and the need for exactitude in<br />

judgement.<br />

After an excellent education at Bath High, Ann entered UCL to<br />

take the degree in Economics: her ever-adventurous mind drew<br />

her to a kind of study to which she had not been previously<br />

exposed. She received the degree with First Class Honours, and<br />

regretted ever after that she had wasted her time on such an<br />

unprofitable subject.<br />

A grant to spend a year at the University of Michigan led to an<br />

introduction to the Classics, and particularly to ancient<br />

numismatics. Her earliest readings in Babelon’s Traité excited the<br />

notion that an Ionian issue of Persian staters with a seeming<br />

shapeless reverse punch actually bore a map of the Maeander<br />

valley and surrounds: she had discovered the earliest preserved<br />

map.<br />

Returning to London, Ann enrolled in the MA programme in<br />

Economics at U.C. to get the advanced degree. At the end of the<br />

programme she failed her examinations miserably, having spent<br />

the whole year reading Herodotus and perfecting her Greek with<br />

John Barron, and publishing the earliest-map article in the<br />

Journal of Hellenic Studies (1967). It was just the first of several<br />

important works of numismatic scholarship to be published over<br />

a period of 40 years, from the revision of Noe’s two Metapontum<br />

volumes and the creation of the third and final volume, to Greek<br />

Imperial Denominations (2007), a masterly study of a subject of<br />

bottomless difficulty. In between, there appeared several<br />

important articles and reviews, e.g. her clarification of the<br />

difficult problem of the identification of the two “Antonini”,<br />

Caracalla and Elagabalus (ANSMN, 1982), and “Caracalla’s<br />

Path”, on the coinage of emperor’s visit to Asia Minor in 214/5, a<br />

professionally exact demonstration as to what could be done with<br />

numismatic evidence when properly understood (Historia, 1983).<br />

She was also a contributing author to the publication of the<br />

excavation coins from Sardis, covering the Greek and Greek<br />

Imperial. Her reviews are well-known for the exactitude that she<br />

required of her authors, some of whom thanked her.<br />

Ann never held an academic post, although she held a<br />

research fellowship at Clare Hall, her Cambridge University<br />

college. She worked professionally as an editor and translator, first<br />

for the Cambridge University Press, later, when she lived in Paris,<br />

for the Club of Rome, the OECD, several journals, and privately.<br />

Her interests in art and architecture, in history, in learning were<br />

boundless. Besides her scholarly publications she contributed to<br />

studies of the population of Cambridgeshire (“broken down by<br />

age and sex”); her “Mrs Buttrey’s Guide to the Afternoon Teas of<br />

East Anglia” (3 editions) was well known to a select public – it<br />

could not be published because of her trenchant observations on<br />

some inadequate teas; and at her death she had all but finished a<br />

Guide to the Trees of the Cambridge University Botanic Garden –<br />

it will be published posthumously.<br />

Ann was immensely energetic in both mind and body. No<br />

exhibition, concert, opera, film, or good book escaped her<br />

scrutiny. She cooked like a professional and read cookbooks as<br />

others read novels. She was a rare female member of a group of<br />

British Alpine hikers which met annually on the continent, and<br />

was composed entirely of the great and the good. She herself<br />

hiked whenever possible, finding particular pleasure in the<br />

scenery and flora of the Swiss Alps, the Czech Republic, and<br />

Caucasian Georgia. Ann played a vigorous game of tennis until<br />

no longer able, and was as well an accomplished kayaker.<br />

In all this activity, in all her life, she made, and kept in touch<br />

with, innumerable friends, in many countries, both within the<br />

academy and without. Some she helped to support in their need.<br />

Ann was married to T. V. Buttrey 1967-1980. She died on 2<br />

January 2010 at the age of 65 in the Arthur Rank Hospice,<br />

Cambridge, after eight years of coping intelligently with the<br />

ravages of mandibular cancer. She left her entire estate to be<br />

divided among a variety of charities, principally Saving Faces, a<br />

medical charity dedicated to research in facial surgery, and Clare<br />

Hall, for an endowment for graduate study in the humane<br />

disciplines.<br />

A Bibliography of Works Published by Ann Johnston:<br />

“The Earliest Preserved Greek Map: A New Ionian Coin Type”,<br />

in Journal of Hellenic Studies 87 1967, pp. 86-94<br />

“Maps on Greek Coins of the 4th Century B.C.”, in Imago<br />

Mundi 25 1971, pp. 75-76<br />

“New Problems for Old: Konrad Kraft on Die-sharing in Asia<br />

Minor” (review article on Konrad Kraft, Das System der<br />

kaiserzeitlichen Münzprägung Kleinasien – Materialen und Entwürfe<br />

(Berlin, 1972)), in NumChron 134 1974, pp. 203-207<br />

“The Intermittent Imperials: the Coinages of Lycia, Lycaonia,<br />

and Pisidia” (review article on Hans von Aulock, Die Münzprägung<br />

des Gordian III und der Tranquillina in Lykien (Istanbul, 1974);<br />

Münzen und Städte Lykaoniens (Istanbul, 1976); Münzen und<br />

StädtePisidiens (Istanbul, 1977)), in NumChron 140 1980,<br />

pp. 205-211<br />

“The Greek Coins”, in T.V. Buttrey et al., Greek, Roman and<br />

Islamic Coins from Sardis, (Cambridge MA, 1981), pp. xiv-xvii,<br />

1-89<br />

“Caracalla or Elagabalus? A Case of Unnecessarily Mistaken<br />

Identity”, in American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 27<br />

1982, pp. 97-147<br />

“Die Sharing in Asia Minor: the View from Sardis”, in<br />

Proceedings of the International Numismatic Convention on Greek<br />

Imperials = Israel Numismatic Journal 6-7 1982-3, pp. 59-78<br />

“Caracalla’s Path: the Numismatic Evidence”, in Historia 32.1<br />

1983, pp. 58-76<br />

“The Denominational System of the Greek Imperials of Bizye<br />

in Thrace”, in NumChron 143 1983, pp. 231-239<br />

“Hierapolis Revisited”, in NumChron 144 1984, pp. 52-80<br />

“The Coinage of Metapontum, parts 1 and 2” (New York,<br />

1984) – a re-edition of S. P. Noe’s title = American Numismatic<br />

Society Notes and Monographs nos. 32 and 47 (2nd edd.)<br />

“The So-called ‘Pseudo-Autonomous’ Greek Imperials”, in<br />

American Numismatic Society Museum Notes 30 1985, pp. 89-112<br />

Review of Rubrecht Ziegler, Städtisches Prestige und kaiserliche<br />

Politik. Studien zum Festwesen im 2. und 3. Jahrhundert n. Chr.<br />

(Düsseldorf, 1985), in NumChron 148 1988, p. 240<br />


Review of E. Levante et al., Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum,<br />

Switzerland I, Levante – Cilicia (Zürich, 1986), in NumChron 148<br />

1988, pp. 243-4<br />

“The Bronze Coinage of Metapontum”, in Georges Le Rider<br />

et al. edd., Kraay-Mørkholm Essay: Numismatic Studies in Memory<br />

of C.M. Kraay and O. Mørkholm (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1989),<br />

pp. 121-136<br />

Review of K. Butcher, Roman Provincial Coins: an Introduction to<br />

the ‘Greek Imperials’ (London, 1988), in NumChron 149 1989,<br />

pp. 236-238<br />

“The Coinage of Metapontum, part 3” (New York, 1990) –<br />

completing the work begun by S. P. Noe = American Numismatic<br />

Society Notes and Monographs no. 165<br />

“La double vie de William Henry Waddington”, in Bulletin de la<br />

Société Française de Numismatique 49.10 1994 pp. 959-963<br />

Review of David MacDonald, The Coinage of Aphrodisias<br />

(London, 1992), in NumChron 154 1994, pp. 306-310<br />

“Aphrodisias Reconsidered”, in NumChron 155 1995, pp. 43-<br />

100<br />

“Greek Imperial Denominations in the Province of Asia”, in<br />

Johannes Nollé et al, Internationales Kolloquium zur kaiserzeitlichen<br />

Münzprägung Kleinasiens, 27-30 April 1994 (Milan, 1997),<br />

pp. 205-221<br />

“Questions of Survival”, in Richard Ashton and Silvia Hurter<br />

edd., Studies in Greek Numismatics in Memory of Martin Jessop Price<br />

(London, 1998), pp. 155-162<br />

Review of Michael Matzke and Dietrich Mannsperger, Sylloge<br />

Nummorum Graecorum Deutschland. Univ. Tübingen 6. Phrygien-<br />

Kappadokien (Munich, 1998), in NumChron 160 2000 p.385<br />

“Metapontum”, in N.K. Rutter ed., Historia Numorum 2 I<br />

(London, 2001), pp. 130-142<br />

Review of Johannes Nollé, Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum<br />

Deutschland. Pfälzer Privatsammlunger 5, Pisidien und Lykaonien<br />

(Munich, 1999), in NumChron 161 2001, pp. 368-370<br />

Review of Wolfgang Szaivert and Claude Daburon, Sylloge<br />

Nummorum Graecorum Österreich. Sammlung Leypold I, Pontus-<br />

Lydien (Vienna, 2000), in NumChron 162 2002, pp. 445-449<br />

Greek Imperial Denominations ca. 200-275: A Study of the Roman<br />

Provincial Bronze Coinages of Asia Minor (London, 2007) = Royal<br />

Numismatic Society, Special Publication no. 43<br />

Review of Christopher Howgego et al. edd., Coinage and Identity<br />

in the Roman Provinces (Oxford, 2005), in American Journal of<br />

Archaeology 111 2007, pp. 176-177<br />

Contribution to W.E. Metcalf ed., The Oxford Handbook of Greek<br />

and Roman Coinage, in press<br />

T.V. BUTTREY<br />

Dr. J. S. “Stoffel” Vogelaar<br />

It was with great sadness that I<br />

learned that Stoffel Vogelaar<br />

had passed away unexpectedly,<br />

aged sixty, on the 2nd January<br />

this year. I had not known him<br />

long; in fact I had known his<br />

books and coins longer. In<br />

September 2007, whilst on a<br />

visit to <strong>Spink</strong> in London, I was<br />

able to buy a few books from<br />

the “Vogelaar Library” that had<br />

recently been purchased and<br />

was also given the opportunity<br />

to inspect his Romano-British<br />

coins that were being prepared<br />

for sale. I left that afternoon<br />

hoping to be able to buy some of<br />

these coins and wondering who Dr J S Vogelaar was.<br />

Over the next eighteen months, I managed to acquire a few<br />

more books from the library and a few coins from the various<br />

auctions at which they were sold but I still knew very little about<br />

the man. Then in early 2009, Dr Vogelaar contacted me to ask if I<br />

would be prepared to write an article about his coin collection.<br />

Over the next few months we had regular contact, mostly by<br />

email, mostly about the article but increasingly about the<br />

Romano-British London Mint coinage that is a particular study<br />

area of mine. I became used to having Stoffel there – I would<br />

email him in the morning and the reply would appear later that<br />

day. Always useful, but also challenging where necessary, backed<br />

up by his heavily annotated RIC.<br />

Stoffel was born in a small village, Puttershoek, just south of<br />

Rotterdam in the Netherlands, where his parents owned a farm.<br />

He was an only child with a talent for languages, studying Latin<br />

and Greek, as well as French, German and English, he also<br />

acquired a basic knowledge of Russian and Spanish. He disliked<br />

cities and preferred life in the country; having been to Ireland on<br />

holidays he fell in love with the West of Ireland. Stoffel and his<br />

wife Ann decided to sell their home in Holland and move to<br />

Mulranny in 1977. He enjoyed the rural life and kept busy<br />

reading, writing and extending his knowledge of history and<br />

economics. In 1980, their daughter Ann was born, and Tom<br />

three years later. When his father died and left his farm to him,<br />

Stoffel decided to sell the farm and stay in Ireland, buying a farm<br />

in Liscarney.<br />

Stoffel was a great collector, he did not publish, but amassed a<br />

large collection of Romano-British coinage in its widest sense. The<br />

backbone of this collection were the coins of the period 287 to<br />

325 AD; the coins of the breakaway empire of Carausius and<br />

Allectus and subsequent issues of the Tetrarchies and<br />

Constantine at the London Mint. He began collecting these coins<br />

in the 1980’s and managed to combine this interest with another<br />

passion – computers. Computers were the future, he believed, and<br />

he quickly became quite expert, using the internet to expand his<br />

collection and knowledge. He was a member of both the British<br />

and Royal Numismatic Societies and was appreciated for his<br />

expert knowledge, advising collectors and dealers alike. Stoffel<br />

was a quiet, private person though and was happiest at home,<br />

with his family, books, coins and his computer.<br />

Following a period of ill-health, Stoffel decided to dispose of his<br />

numismatic collections and from 2007 to 2009 there was a series<br />

of sales that will be detailed in the forthcoming article in “The<br />

Celator” magazine along with the interview conducted with<br />

Stoffel in the months preceding his death.<br />

Stoffel had a deep knowledge of Romano-British coinage and it<br />

is to be regretted that this is no longer available to students of<br />

these series. It was Stoffel’s dream that, one day, a formal<br />

catalogue of his collection would be published. That now seems<br />

unlikely, but as Stoffel said to me, “Never say never”.<br />


MARCH 2010 19

The Numismatic Circular Published since 1892<br />

A list of Ancient, British and Foreign Coins, Tokens, Medals and Numismatic Books<br />

Offered for sale at fixed prices<br />

Please be aware that payment made by<br />

VISA or MASTERCARD now carries an additional charge of 2%,<br />

no surcharge is applied on Debit cards<br />

Greek Coins<br />

GK2860 Sicily, Syracuse (c.344-317 BC), Æ Litra, head of Persephone left,<br />

wreathed with corn, ΣYPAKOΣION, rev. Pegasos flying left, Σ below<br />

(SNG ANS 527; SNG Cop. 733), dark green patina, unusually fine, about EF<br />

£400<br />

GK2855 Lucania, Velia (c.365-350 BC), ¿ Didrachm (7.76g), head of Athena<br />

left, wearing crested helmet ornamented with gryphon, P behind,<br />

rev. YEΛHTΩN, lion at bay right, Φ above (Williams 264; Hist. Num. 1284),<br />

good VF-almost EF £800<br />

GK2861 Sicily, Syracuse, Hieron II (274-216 BC), ¿ 16 Litrai (13.49g),<br />

diademed and veiled head of Queen Philistis, wife of Hieron, left, wreath<br />

behind, rev. BAΣIΛIΣΣAΣΦIΛIΣTIΔOΣ, Nike holding reins of a walking quadriga<br />

right, Φ above (SNG ANS 874), toned, almost EF £1,275<br />

GK2856 Sicily, Akragas (c.480 BC), ¿ Didrachm (8.64g), eagle standing right,<br />

AKPA, rev. crab above female head right (Jenkins, Gela, pl. 37,19), rare, almost<br />

EF £1,000<br />

GK2862 Kingdom of Thrace, Saratokos (late 5th cent. BC), ¿ Trihemiobol<br />

(.67g), youthful male head right, with hair long on neck, rev. ΣAPATOKO round<br />

large monogram of ΣΔ within incuse square (Youroukova 31-37), scarce,<br />

about VF £150<br />

GK2857 Sicily, Akragas (c.240-212 BC), Æ 23mm, laureate head of Zeus right,<br />

rev. eagle standing facing on thunderbolt, wings spread, head turned right,<br />

MN. ACILI (cf. SNG ANS 1148), olive-green patina, VF £200<br />

GK2863 Uncertain Thraco-Macedonian (c.500 BC), ¿ Tetrobol (2.63g),<br />

horseman right, rev. quadripartite incuse square (SNG ANS 1014), grainy<br />

surfaces, very rare, good F £200<br />

GK2858 Sicily, Selinos (c.530-510 BC), ¿ Didrachm (7.66g), selinon leaf,<br />

rev. incuse square divided into twelve diagonal compartments, four of which<br />

are raised (cf. SNG ANS 683), well centred on a broad flan, edge smoothed from<br />

mounting, minor crack in flan, VF £550<br />

GK2859 Sicily, Syracuse (c.405-400 BC), Æ Hemilitron, head of Arethusa left,<br />

hair bound with ampyx and sphendone, barley-ear behind, rev. ΣY-PA<br />

within spokes of wheel, a dolphin in each of the other two quarters<br />

(SNG ANS 403-410), a very pretty obv. die, almost EF £175<br />

GK2864 Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos (305-281 BC), ¿ Tetradrachm<br />

(17.15g), Pella, diademed head of Alexander the Great right, with horn of<br />

Ammon, rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, holding Nike<br />

crowning king’s name, and leaning left elbow on shield at her side, a spear<br />

rests behind her, monograms on left and in ex. (Thompson 250), almost EF<br />

£875<br />


GK2865 Kingdom of Thrace, Lysimachos (305-281 BC), ¿ Drachm (4.20g),<br />

Ephesos, diademed head of Alexander the Great right, with horn of Ammon,<br />

rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Athena enthroned left, holding Nike crowning king’s<br />

name, and leaning left elbow on shield at her side, a spear rests behind her,<br />

lyre on left, A on throne (Thompson 174), a most attractive portrait, almost<br />

EF/VF £440<br />

GK2871 Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander III, the Great (336-323 BC), ¿<br />

Tetradrachm (17.11g), Babylon, head of young Herakles right, wearing lion’s<br />

skin headdress, rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle<br />

and sceptre, MI and axe on left, monogram in wreath under throne<br />

(Price 3753), VF £375<br />

GK2866 Thracian Islands, Thasos (c.435-411 BC), ¿ Stater (8.80g), naked<br />

satyr carrying draped, struggling nymph right, rev. quadripartite incuse<br />

square (SNG Cop. 1017), dark gray tone, VF £450<br />

GK2872 Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander III, the Great (336-323 BC), ¿<br />

Tetradrachm (17.03g), Miletos, c.295-275 BC, head of young Herakles right,<br />

wearing lion’s skin headdress, rev. AΛEΞANΔPOY, Zeus enthroned left, holding<br />

eagle and sceptre, monogram on left (Price 2150), EF £550<br />

GK2867 Kingdom of Macedon, Philip II (359-336 BC), Æ 18mm, young male<br />

head (Apollo ?) right, hair bound with taenia, rev. ΦIΛIΠΠOY, jockey on<br />

galloping horse right, Λ over pellet below (SNG ANS 935), good VF £95<br />

GK2873 Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander III, the Great (336-323 BC), Æ<br />

20mm, lifetime issue, head of young Herakles right, wearing lion’s skin<br />

headdress, rev. AΛEΞANΔPOY, club and bow in case, E below (Price 304),<br />

large flan, dark brown patina, good VF £120<br />

GK2868 Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander III, the Great (336-323 BC), ¡<br />

Stater (8.52g), Babylon, head of Athena right, wearing triple-crested helmet,<br />

snake on bowl, rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY, Nike standing left, holding wreath<br />

and stylis, MI on left, monogram in wreath behind (Price 3748), lustrous, EF<br />

£2,600<br />

GK2874 Caria, Chersonesos (c.510-480 BC), ¿ Drachm (5.77g), forepart of<br />

lion right, jaws open, rev. XEP (?), bucranium, within incuse rectangle<br />

(cf. Cahn, Knidos, pl.10, 17-20), the reverse legend appears to read ΣAP. A most<br />

interesting coin, very rare, toned, VF £800<br />

GK2869 Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander III, the Great (336-323 BC), ¿<br />

Tetradrachm (17.26g), Pella, head of young Herakles right, wearing lion’s<br />

skin headdress, rev. AΛEΞANΔPOY, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle and<br />

sceptre, bee alighting on rose on left (Price 206), of exceptional quality, good<br />

EF £1,400<br />

GK2875 Carian Islands, Rhodes (c.125-88 BC), ¿ Hemidrachm (1.34g), radiate<br />

head of Helios three-quarters facing, turned slightly right, rev. rose with bud<br />

on right, uncertain symbol (plant?) on left, magistrate ANTAIOC, all in shallow<br />

incuse square (Jenkins, group D, 86; SNG Finland 664 var.), EF £160<br />

GK2870 Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander III, the Great (336-323 BC), ¿<br />

Tetradrachm (17.29g), Arados, head of young Herakles right, wearing lion’s<br />

skin headdress, rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞANΔPOY, Zeus enthroned left, holding eagle<br />

and sceptre, NE monogram in circle on left, Π under throne (Price 3347 var.),<br />

apparently unrecorded without anchor symbol, good VF £525<br />

GK2876 Cilicia, Tarsos, Satrap Mazaios (361-334 BC), ¿ Stater (10.79g), Baal<br />

enthroned left, head facing, holding eagle, ear of corn and bunch of grapes<br />

in right hand, and a lotus-tipped sceptre in left, Aramaic “Baal tars”,<br />

rev. lion attacking bull left, Aramaic “Mazdai” above, monogram below<br />

(SNG France 333; SNG Levante 106), Baal’s head and eagle not fully struck up,<br />

as often, otherwise very sharp, good EF £750<br />

MARCH 2010 21

GK2877 Cyprus, Amathos (c.350 BC), ¿ Obol (.49g), lion’s head right,<br />

rev. forepart of lion right, head turned to face (Amandry 133B.a; BMC -),<br />

scarce, toned, VF £135<br />

GK2883 Kingdom of Persia (c.420-375 BC), ¿ Siglos (5.57g), the Great King<br />

advancing right, holding spear and bow, rev. oblong incuse punch<br />

(cf. BMC pl. XXV, 26), toned, almost VF £100<br />

GK2878 Kingdom of Syria, Antiochos IV (175-164 BC), Æ 35mm, Antioch,<br />

laureate head of Zeus-Sarapis right, rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY ΘEOY EΠIΦANOYΣ,<br />

eagle standing right on thunderbolt (Seleucid Coins 1413; Svoronos 1416),<br />

flake of metal from beard, otherwise unusually good, almost EF £395<br />

GK2884 Kingdom of Parthia, Vardanes I (AD 40-45), ¿ Tetradrachm (14.49g),<br />

Seleucia Sept. 42, diademed, draped bust left, wart on temple, rev. square<br />

eight-line legend, Vardanes seated right, receiving palm-branch from Tyche<br />

standing before him, date ΓNT above (Sellwood 64.10), VF £160<br />

Ex Peus 11/06, lot 578.<br />

Ex Auctiones 24, lot 362.<br />

GK2879 Kingdom of Syria, Antiochos IX (114-95 BC), ¿ Tetradrachm<br />

(16.24g), Antioch, 110/109 BC, diademed head right with light beard,<br />

rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY ΦIΛOΠATOPOΣ, Athena standing left, holding Nike and<br />

sceptre, Δ and monogram on left, all within wreath (Seleucid Coins 2366),<br />

cabinet tone, about EF/good VF £275<br />

GK2885 Kingdom of Parthia, Vologases I (AD 51-78), ¿ Tetradrachm<br />

(14.58g), Seleucia, May 52, diademed, draped bust left, rev. square legend,<br />

Vologases seated left receiving diadem from Tyche standing before him, date<br />

above (Sellwood 68.7), VF £160<br />

Ex Peus 31/10/07, lot 352.<br />

GK2880 Phoenicia, Tyre (c.AD 4-5), ¿ Shekel (14.08g), laureate head of<br />

Melqarth right, rev. TYP[OY IEPAΣ K]AI AΣYΛOY, eagle standing left, palm-branch<br />

over far wing, club and date PMΣ on left, KP, pellet and monogram on right<br />

(cf. BMC 197; ex Siloam hoard), almost EF £395<br />

GK2886 Indo-Greek Kingdom, Hermaios and Kalliope (c.90-70 BC), ¿<br />

Indian-Standard Tetradrachm (9.69g), conjoined diademed and draped busts<br />

of Hermaios and Kalliope right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ EPMAIOY KAI KAΛΛIOΠHΣ, rev.<br />

Kharosthi legend, the helmeted king on galloping horse right, spear, bow and<br />

quiver behind him fastened to horse’s flank, monogram below<br />

(SNG ANS 1317; Bib. Nat. 1, B), very rare, good metal, VF £1,500<br />

GK2881 Mesopotamia, Babylon (c. 322-312 BC), ¿ Tetradrachm (16.65g),<br />

Baal seated left, holding sceptre, rev. lion walking left, Γ above<br />

(SNG Delepierre 3005), VF £250<br />

GK2887 Indo-Greek Kingdom, Strato I (c.125-110 BC), Æ “medium” unit,<br />

draped bust of Herakles right, club over shoulder, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣΣTPATΩNOΣ,<br />

rev. Nike walking right, holding wreath and palm-branch, control-marks<br />

in field, Kharosthi legend (SNG ANS 1012; Bib. Nat. 29A), dark patina,<br />

almost EF £130<br />

GK2882 Kingdom of Characene, Apodakos (c.110-105 BC), ¿ Tetradrachm<br />

(15.78g), diademed, bearded head right, rev. BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΠOΔAKOY, Herakles<br />

seated left on rock, holding club on knee, IΣ in ex. (Alram 496 var.), toned,<br />

very rare, VF £850<br />

GK2888 Indo-Greek Kingdom, Diomedes (c.95-90 BC), Æ “medium” unit, the<br />

Dioscuri standing facing, each holding spear, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣΔIOMHΔOY,<br />

rev. humped bull right, control-marks below, Kharosthi legend<br />

(SNG ANS 1236; Bib. Nat. 10C), dark patina, about EF £160<br />


Roman Coins<br />

All struck at Rome, unless otherwise indicated.<br />

RM4146 Roman Republic (c.211-206 BC), Æ Quadrans, head of young Hercules<br />

right, wearing lion’s skin headdress, three pellets behind, rev. ROMA above<br />

prow of galley right, three pellets below (Crawford 56/5; BMC 255;<br />

RCV 1037), unusually fine, good VF £300<br />

RM4152 P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus (c.50 BC), ¿ Denarius, bare head of<br />

M. Claudius Marcellus (consul 222 BC) right, triskeles behind, MARCELLINVS,<br />

rev. M. Claudius Marcellus, togate, carrying trophy into tetrastyle temple of<br />

Jupiter Feretrius, MARCELLVS COS QVINC (Cr. 439/1; Syd. 1147), the moneyer<br />

recalls the exploits of his illustrious ancestor, who was consul five times, captured<br />

Syracuse in 211BC (hence the triskeles on the obv.), and dedicated the spoils he<br />

took from the Gaulish chieftain Britomartus, who he had slain with his own hands,<br />

in the pictured temple in 222BC, good VF £650<br />

RM4147 M. Aburius Geminus (132 BC), ¿ Denarius, helmeted head of Roma<br />

right, GEM behind, mark of value under chin, rev. Sol in galloping quadriga<br />

right, holding whip, M. ABVRI below, ROMA in ex. (Cr. 250/1; Syd. 487), EF<br />

£165<br />

RM4153 Q. Sicinius and C. Coponius (c.49 BC), ¿ Denarius, diademed head of<br />

Apollo right, star below, Q. SICINIVS III VIR, rev. lion’s skin on club of Hercules<br />

between arrow and bow, C. COPONIVS PR. S.C (Cr. 444/1a; Syd 939), cabinet tone,<br />

EF £385<br />

RM4148 P. Servilius Rullus (c.100 BC), ¿ Denarius, bust of Minerva left,<br />

wearing helmet and aegis, RVLLI, rev. Victory in biga right, holding<br />

palm-branch, P below, P. SERVILI [M F] in ex. (Cr. 328/1; Syd. 601), toned, good VF<br />

£150<br />

RM4154 Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio (Imperator 47-46 BC), ¿ Denarius,<br />

Africa, head of Africa right, wearing elephant-scalp headdress, stalk of corn<br />

before, plough below, Q. METEL SCIPIO IMP, rev. Hercules standing facing, hand on<br />

hip, leaning on club draped with lion’s skin and set on rock, EPPIVS LEG F C (Cr.<br />

461/1; Syd 1051; Sear 44), good VF £475<br />

RM4149 Faustus Cornelius Sulla (c.56 BC), ¿ Denarius, diademed and draped<br />

bust of Diana right, crescent above, lituus behind, FAVSTVS, rev. Sulla seated<br />

left, being offered olive-branch by Bocchus, king of Mauretania, kneeling<br />

right, while Jugurtha, king of Numidia, kneels behind, his hands bound,<br />

FELIX above (Cr. 426/1; Syd. 879), the moneyer was married to Pompey’s<br />

daughter and was the son of the dictator Sulla; he records here his father’s hand in<br />

the surrender of Jugurtha and the submission of Bocchus while acting as Marius’s<br />

quaestor, toned, almost EF £1,250<br />

RM4155 Augustus (27 BC-AD 14), ¿ Denarius, moneyer M. Durmius,<br />

19/18 BC, head of Honos right, with features of Augustus, M. DVRMIVS III VIR<br />

HONORI, rev. AVGVSTVS CAESAR, Augustus in biga of elephants left, holding<br />

branch (RIC 128; C. 427), rare, good VF £1,450<br />

RM4156 Augustus (27 BC-AD 14), Æ Quadrans, 5 BC, garlanded altar, SISENNA<br />

GALVS III VIR, rev. MESSALLA APRONIVS AAAFF round large S C (RIC 462; C. 425),<br />

good VF £65<br />

RM4150 C. Memmius (c.56 BC), ¿ Denarius, head of Ceres right, wreathed<br />

with corn, C. MEMMI C. F, rev. captive kneeling at foot of trophy of Eastern arms,<br />

C. MEMMIVS IMPERATOR (Cr. 427/1; Syd. 920), toned, good VF £220<br />

RM4157 Tiberius (AD 14-37), ¿ Denarius, Lugdunum, laureate head right,<br />

TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVSTVS, rev. PONTIF MAXIM, Livia as Pax seated right, holding<br />

branch and sceptre (RIC 30; C. 16), about VF £250<br />

RM4151 C. Memmius (c.56 BC), ¿ Denarius, laureate and bearded head of<br />

Romulus (Quirinus) right, C. MEMMI C. F –QVIRINVS, rev. MEMMIVS AED. CEREALIA<br />

PREIMVS FECIT, Ceres seated right, holding torch and corn-ears, a snake at her<br />

feet (Cr. 427/2; Syd. 921), toned, almost EF £385<br />

RM4158 Caius (Caligula) (AD 37-41), ¿ Denarius, 40, laureate head right,<br />

C. CAESAR AVG PON M TR POT III COS III, rev. S P Q R / P P / OB C S within oak-wreath<br />

(RIC 28; C. 21), part of edge corroded, some deposit, good F-almost VF £350<br />

MARCH 2010 23

RM4159 Claudius (AD 41-54), Æ As, 42, bare head left, TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M<br />

TR P IMP P P, rev. CONSTANTIAE AVGVSTI, S – C, Constantia standing left in military<br />

dress, right hand raised, left holding spear (RIC 111; BMC 201), smooth dark<br />

patina with a dusting of green, almost EF £330<br />

RM4165 Titus (AD 79-81), Æ 29mm, Judaea, laureate head right, rev. IOVΔAIAΣ<br />

EAΛΩKYIAΣ (Judaea Capta), trophy between seated captive figure of Judaea and<br />

shield (BMC 2; Hendin 745), almost VF £150<br />

RM4160 Galba (AD 68-69), ¿ Denarius, July 68-Jan 69, laureate head right,<br />

IMP SER GALBA AVG, rev. S P Q R / OB / C S within oak-wreath (RIC 128; C. 287a),<br />

surfaces lightly porous, strong portrait, about EF £1,500<br />

RM4166 Trajan (AD 98-117), ¿ Denarius, 114-7, laureate bust right, aegis on<br />

far shoulder, bare chest showing, IMP CAES NER TRAIAN OPTIM AVG GERM DAC,<br />

rev. PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P S P Q R, Felicitas standing left, holding caduceus<br />

and cornucopia (RIC 333; C. 192), an unusual bust variety, almost EF/VF<br />

£140<br />

RM4161 Vitellius (AD 69), ¿ Denarius, bare head right, [A VITE]LLIVS GERMANICVS<br />

IMP, rev. CONCORDIA PRAETORIANORVM, Concordia seated left, holding patera and<br />

cornucopia (RIC 66; C. 21), toned, good F £295<br />

RM4167 Trajan (AD 98-117), Æ Sestertius, 104-111, laureate bust left, with<br />

drapery on shoulders, chest bare, IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS<br />

V P P, rev. S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, S C, Trajan on galloping horse right,<br />

brandishing javelin at a Dacian falling to his knees before him (cf. BMC 838<br />

and note, and RIC 535; obv. die of Strack 374), a very rare heroic bust variety,<br />

natural olive-green patina, some minor pitting, VF-good VF £1,600<br />

RM4162 Vespasian (AD 69-79), ¿ Denarius, 75, laureate head right, IMP CAESAR<br />

VESPASIANVS AVG, rev. PON MAX TR P COS VI, Pax seated left, holding branch<br />

(RIC 772; C. 366), about EF £280<br />

RM4163 Vespasian (AD 69-79), Æ Sestertius, Rome, 71, laureate head right, IMP<br />


right, inscribing shield set on palm-tree, her left foot on helmet, Judaea on<br />

right, seated right, in mournful attitude (RIC, 2nd ed., 221:C. 625), brown<br />

patina, about extremely fine £3,750<br />

Ex NAC 27, 12/5/04, lot 354 (SF6500).<br />

RM4168 Trajan (AD 98-117), Æ Sestertius, Rome, 116, laureate bust right,<br />



standing facing, head right, holding spear and parazonium amid the three<br />

reclining figures of Armenia, Euphrates and Tigris (RIC 642; C. 39), smoothed<br />

green patina, good VF/VF £550<br />

RM4164 Vespasian (AD 69-79) and Titus, ¿ Didrachm, Caesarea, 76-77,<br />

laureate head of Vespasian right, rev. laureate head of Titus right<br />

(RPC 1650; Metcalf 4; Syd. 102), VF £330<br />

RM4169 Trajan (AD 98-117), Æ Dupondius, 112-114, radiate, draped bust<br />

right, rev. DACIA AVGVST, PROVINCIA / S C in ex., Dacia seated left on rock, holding<br />

legionary eagle, with two children before her, one holding bunch of grapes,<br />

the other holding corn-ears (RIC 623a; BMC 992), scarce, about VF £230<br />


RM4170 Hadrian (AD 117-138), ¿ Denarius, 117, laureate, draped and<br />


TRAIAN AVG F P M TR P COS P P, PA-X, Pax standing left, holding branch and<br />

cornucopia (RIC 7c; C. 1013), scarce early issue, toned, good VF £200<br />

RM4175 Faustina Jnr, wife of Marcus Aurelius, ¿ Denarius, struck under<br />

Antoninus Pius, draped bust right, her hair waved and coiled on back of<br />

head and bound with band of pearls, FAVSTINAE AVG PII AVG FIL, rev. PVDICITIA,<br />

Pudicitia standing left, drawing veil and raising fold of skirt (RIC 507; C.<br />

176), a charming portrait, minor flan crack, toned, EF £185<br />

RM4171 Hadrian (AD 117-138), Æ As, laureate head right, drapery on far<br />

shoulder, HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, rev. COS III, S – C, Minerva walking right,<br />

brandishing spear and holding shield (RIC 664; BMC 1337), dark brown<br />

patina, almost EF £320<br />

RM4176 Septimius Severus (AD 193-211), ¿ Denarius, laureate head right,<br />

SEVERVS PIVS AVG, rev. COS III P P, Victory advancing left, holding wreath and<br />

palm-branch (RIC 526; C. 102), EF £100<br />

RM4177 Julia Domna, wife of Septimius Severus, ¿ Denarius, draped bust<br />

right, IVLIA AVGVSTA, rev. PVDICITIA, Pudicitia seated left, right hand on breast,<br />

left elbow on throne (RIC 576; C. 168), toned, EF £130<br />

RM4172 Hadrian (AD 117-138), Æ As, 125-128, laureate head right, drapery<br />

on far shoulder, HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, rev. COS [III], S C, galley left, with rowers, a<br />

vexillum at prow, and arched cabin at stern (RIC 674 var; BMC 1345 note =<br />

C. 449), small spots of verdigris, about EF £400<br />

RM4178 Macrinus (AD 217-218), ¿ Denarius, laureate, draped and cuirassed<br />

bust right, IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, rev. FELICITAS TEMPORVM, Felicitas<br />

standing facing, head left, holding long caduceus and cornucopia (RIC 60;<br />

C. 15), toned, almost EF £175<br />

RM4173 Hadrian (AD 117-138), Æ Dupondius, laureate head right, HADRIANVS<br />

AVGVSTVS, rev. CLEMENTIA AVG COS III P P, S – C, Clementia standing left, holding<br />

patera and sceptre (RIC 714; BMC 1438 var.), smooth dark patina, almost<br />

EF/good VF £320<br />

RM4179 Julia Paula, 1st wife of Elagabalus, draped bust right, IVLIA PAVLA AVG,<br />

rev. VENVS GENETRIX, Venus enthroned left, holding apple and sceptre (RIC 222;<br />

C. 21), sharp, good EF £295<br />

RM4174 Antoninus Pius (AD 138-161), Æ Sestertius, 143/4, laureate, draped<br />

bust right, ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, rev. IMPERATOR II, S – C, Victory flying<br />

right, holding trophy (RIC 717b; BMC 1610-1612 var.; C. 434), Antoninus<br />

was awarded the title Imperator for the second time after his victories in Britain.<br />

Most attractive dark green patina, broad flan, EF £3,200<br />

RM4180 Julia Mamaea, mother of Severus Alexander, Æ Sestertius, diademed,<br />

draped bust right, IVLIA MAMAEA AVGVSTA, rev. VENERI FELICI, S – C, Venus standing<br />

right, holding sceptre and Cupid (RIC 694; BMC 190), dark patina, EF/good<br />

VF £300<br />

MARCH 2010 25

RM4181 Maximinus (AD 235-238), ¿ Denarius, laureate, draped and<br />

cuirassed bust right, MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM, rev. FIDES MILITVM, Fides standing<br />

facing, head left, holding standard in each hand (RIC 18A; C. 9), very broad<br />

flan, both circles of dots fully within, about EF £100<br />

RM4187 Aurelian (AD 270-275), Æ Antoninianus, Serdica, radiate, cuirassed<br />

bust right, IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, rev. IOVI CONSER, Aurelian standing right, holding<br />

short sceptre, receiving globe from Jupiter standing left, holding sceptre, S in<br />

ex. (RIC 260; C. 105), well centred on a broad flan, EF £100<br />

RM4182 Gallienus (AD 253-268), Æ Antoninianus, radiate head right, GALLIENVS<br />

AVG, rev. VBERITAS AVG, Uberitas standing left, holding purse and cornucopia, E<br />

on right (RIC287 var.; Göbl 583; RSC 1010c), silvered, EF £50<br />

RM4188 Tacitus (AD275-276), Æ Antoninianus, radiate, draped and cuirassed<br />

bust right, IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, rev. PROVIDENTIA AVG, Providentia standing left,<br />

holding wand over globe, and cornucopia (RIC 92; C. 100), EF £65<br />

RM4183 Postumus (AD259-268), Æ Antoninianus, Cologne, radiate, draped<br />

and cuirassed bust right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev. IOVI VICTORI, Jupiter walking<br />

left, head turned back, brandishing thunderbolt and holding sceptre<br />

(RIC 311), an exceptional example, EF £65<br />

RM4189 Florian (AD 276), Æ Antoninianus, Cyzicus (?), radiate, draped and<br />

cuirassed bust right, IMP C M ANNIVS FLORIANVS AVG, rev. CONCORDIA MILITVM,<br />

Victory standing right, holding palm-branch and raising wreath towards<br />

head of Florian standing left before her in military dress, holding sceptre, S in<br />

ex. (cf. RIC 114 for obv., but gold, and 116 for rev.), about EF £140<br />

RM4184 Postumus (AD259-268), Æ Antoninianus, Cologne, radiate, draped<br />

and cuirassed bust right, IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, rev. ORIENS AVG, Sol striding left,<br />

right hand raised, left holding whip, P on left (RIC 316 note; RSC 213c), EF<br />

£60<br />

RM4190 Probus (AD 276-282), Æ Antoninianus, Siscia, radiate, cuirassed bust<br />

left, holding spear and shield, IMP C M AVR PROBVS P AVG, rev. VIRTVS PROBI AVG,<br />

Mars walking right, holding trophy and spear, XXIVI in ex. (RIC 816), scarce,<br />

EF £175<br />

RM4185 Victorinus (AD 268-270), Æ Antoninianus, Cologne, radiate, draped<br />

and cuirassed bust right, IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, rev. INVICTVS, Sol advancing<br />

left, right hand raised, left holding whip, star on left (RIC 114), EF £38<br />

RM4191 Diocletian (AD 284-305), Æ Antoninianus, Cyzicus (?), radiate, draped<br />

and cuirassed bust right, IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS AVG, rev. CONCORDIA MILITVM,<br />

Diocletian standing right, receiving Victory on globe from Jupiter standing on<br />

right before him, holding sceptre, Γ in field, XXI. In ex. (cf. RIC 306), fully<br />

silvered, EF £70<br />

RM4186 Claudius II, Gothicus (AD 268-270), Æ Antoninianus, radiate,<br />

cuirassed bust right, IMP C CLAVDIVS AVG, rev. AEQVITAS AVG, Aequitas standing<br />

left, holding scales and cornucopia (RIC 14), EF/about EF £40<br />

RM4192 Allectus (AD 293-296), Æ “Quinarius”, “C” mint, radiate, cuirassed<br />

bust right, IMP C ALLECTVS P F AVG, rev. VIRTVS AVG, galley left, with mast, QC in ex.<br />

(RIC 128), dark green patina, good VF/EF £160<br />


RM4193 Constantine I (AD 307-337), Æ Follis, London, 310, laureate, draped<br />

and cuirassed bust right, IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev. SOLI INVI-CTO COMITI, Sol<br />

standing left, right hand raised, left holding globe, T-F in field, PLN in ex.<br />

(RIC 122), EF £75<br />

RM4199 Valens (AD 364-378), ¡ Solidus (4.44g), Antioch, 364-7,<br />

pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, D N VALENS PER F AVG,<br />

rev. RESTITVTOR REIPVBLICAE, emperor standing facing, head right, holding<br />

labarum and Victory on globe, cross on left, *ANTI* in ex. (RIC 2(d); C. 32),<br />

graffito “B” in rev. field, light obv. scratch, almost EF/VF £695<br />

RM4194 Constantine I (AD 307-337), Æ Follis, London, 320-321, helmeted,<br />

cuirassed bust right, CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, rev. VIRTVS EXERCIT, two captives seated<br />

on ground either side of standard inscribed VOT / XX, PLN in ex. (RIC 185),<br />

EF/good VF £55<br />

RM4200 The Vandals, Hilderic (AD 523-530), ¿ Half Siliqua (1.01g),<br />

Carthage, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right, D N IVSTINVS P A,<br />

rev. FELIX [CARTA], figure of Carthage standing facing, holding ears of corn (?)<br />

(BMC 2; MIB 9), dark “patina”, rare, about VF £200<br />

RM4195 Constantine I (AD 307-337), Æ Follis, London, 323/4, helmeted,<br />

cuirassed bust right, CONSTANTINVS AVG, rev. BEAT TRA-NQLITAS, altar inscribed VOT<br />

/ IS / XX, surmounted by globe, three stars above, PLON in ex. (RIC 263), almost<br />

EF £55<br />

RM4201 Byzantine Empire, Maurice Tiberius (AD 582-602), ¿ Half Siliqua<br />

(.93g), Carthage, facing bust, wearing plumed helmet with pendilia and<br />

consular robes, holding mappa and cross on globe, D N MAVRIC TIb P P A,<br />

rev. cross on three steps between alpha and omega (Sear 554; MIB - ), large<br />

flan, with short crack, dark “patina”, good VF £220<br />

Hammered Coins<br />

HS4023 Early Anglo-Saxon, Sceat, 1.02g, Series Q, bird 1, rev. quadruped left,<br />

pellets in field (N.138; S.836), on a broad flan, VF, scarce £450<br />

RM4196 Constantine I (AD 307-337), Æ Half Follis (2.89g), Trier, c.310-313,<br />

laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, rev. MARTI<br />

CONSERVATORI, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Mars right (cf. RIC 885), rare<br />

issue, brown patina, almost EF £150<br />

HS4024 Kings of Mercia, Burgred (852-874), Penny, 1.11g, type D, moneyer<br />

Cenred (N.426; S.941), nicely toned, EF £950<br />

RM4197 Crispus (Caesar AD 317-326), Æ Follis, London, 323-4, bust left,<br />

wearing plumed helmet and imperial robes, seen from the front, CRISPV-S NOBIL<br />

C, rev. BEAT TRA-N.QLITAS, altar inscribed VOT / IS / XX, surmounted by globe, three<br />

stars above (cf. RIC 275ff), apparently an unrecorded bust variety, more normally<br />

seen on the “Roma” portrait on Urbs Roma issues, about EF £65<br />

HS4025 Kings of Wessex, Ecgberht (802-39), Penny, 1.23g, non portrait type,<br />

West Saxon mint, Winchester?, moneyer Eanwald, SAXONIORVM on three lines,<br />

ECGBEORHT REX, rev. cross EANPALD MOIETA (BMC XX; N.590; S.1041), ragged<br />

edge and some what bent in the ground otherwise VF and extremely rare £1,950<br />

RM4198 Crispus (Caesar AD 317-326), Æ Follis, Arelate, 322, laureate head<br />

right, CRISPVS NOB CAES, rev. CAESARVM NOSTRORVM round wreath containing<br />

VOT / X, T, star in crescent, and A in ex. (cf. RIC 244 and 247), mintmark not<br />

noted for VOT X , EF £50<br />

HS4026 Aethelred II (978-1016), Penny, 1.39g, long cross type, Exeter,<br />

Wynsige, rev. PYNSIGE MΩO EAXE (Hild. 602/4; N.774; S.1151), peck marked on<br />

reverse, otherwise good VF with a strong portrait £425<br />

MARCH 2010 27

HS4027 Cnut (1016-35), Penny, 1.13g, Short cross type, Thetford, Wineman,<br />

rev. PINEMAN ON DIOD (N.790; S.1159), light tone, almost EF £350<br />

HS4032 Edward I, Penny, 1.31g, Berwick-on-Tweed, Blunt class IV, local dies<br />

(N.1078a; S.1415), struck off centre, toned, good VF £100<br />

HS4028 Edward the Confessor (1042-66), Penny, 1.24g, Hammer cross type,<br />

Wilton, Saepine, rev. SÆPINE ON PILTV (N.828; S.1182), unusual portrait with<br />

obverse legend commencing at seven o’clock, light tone, good VF, very rare £900<br />

HS4033 Edward III (1327-77), Penny, 1.11g, pre-treaty period, series G, London,<br />

annulet below bust (N.1205; S.1589), toned, good VF £125<br />

HS4034 Henry V (1413-22), Groat, 3.84g, class C, normal bust, mullet on right<br />

shoulder (N.1387; S.1765), full round coin, toned, bold VF £475<br />

HS4035 Henry V, Halfpenny, 0.44g, class F, London, annulet and trefoil by<br />

crown (N.1411; S.1796), ghosting of reverse on obverse otherwise EF £175<br />

(x2)<br />

HS4029 Henry I (1100-35), Penny, 1.35g, Large profile/cross and annulets type,<br />

London, Eadwine, rev. EDPINE: ON: LVNDE (BMC type 8, N.864; S.1269), edge cut<br />

as normal with this issue, good VF with an excellent portrait and extremely rare<br />

£7,000<br />

A previously unrecorded moneyer for this type at London<br />

HS4036 Henry VI (1422-61), Groat, 3.60g, Leaf-trefoil issue, London, leaf on<br />

breast, m.m. cross fleury / plain cross (N.1484; S.1897), good VF £250<br />

HS4030 Edward I (1272-1307), Penny, London, class 8 (N.1034/1; S.1405),<br />

toned, lovely portrait, a good VF £125<br />

HS4037 Henry VI, Salut d’Or, 3.36g, second type, Rouen, the Annunciation,<br />

pellet stops, rev. cross dividing lis and lion passant, mullet stops, pellet in<br />

annulet under last letter of legend both sides, m.m. lion passant (Elias 270c),<br />

about EF £1,950<br />

HS4031 Edward I, Penny, 1.27g, London, class 4a (N.1023; S.1394), toned,<br />

bold VF £75<br />

HS4038 Edward IV (first reign, 1461-70), Groat, 3.09g, Light coinage, class VII,<br />

London, quatrefoils at neck, fleurs on cusps, m.m. crown (N.1570; S.2000),<br />

toned, nearly EF £225<br />


HS4039 Edward IV (second reign, 1471-83), Angel, 5.08g, class XVI, London,<br />

m.m. cross and four pellets (N.1626; S.2091), reddish tone, bold VF £2,200<br />

HS4044 Henry VIII, Groat, 2.62g, Second coinage, London, Laker bust A<br />

Lombardic lettering both sides, saltires in cross ends, m.m. rose (N.1797;<br />

S.2337C), small flaw by nose, good detail, VF, scarce £450<br />

HS4040 Henry VII (1485-1509), Angel, 5.19g, class V, m.m. pheon (N.1698;<br />

S.2187), a full coin, slight weakness in centre otherwise better than VF £1,950<br />

HS4045 Henry VIII, Halfgroat, 1.26g, Second coinage, Canterbury, Archbishop<br />

Warham, WA by shield, uncertain m.m. (N.1802; S.2343), attractive portrait,<br />

bold VF £200<br />

HS4041 Henry VII, Groat, 3.08g, Tentative issue, reads HENRIC VII, m.m. cross<br />

crosslet (N.1743; S.2254), weak in parts, otherwise toned VF £650<br />

Ex Ivan Buck, lot 375<br />

HS4046 Henry VIII, posthumous coinage, Groat, 2.39g, Southwark, bust 6,<br />

roses in cross ends, m.m. -/E (N.1872; S.2404), weak in part otherwise good<br />

metal with an excellent portrait, VF £425<br />

HS4042 Henry VIII (1509-47), Crown of the Double Dose, 3.73g, Second<br />

coinage, hK [Henry and Katherine of Aragon] both sides, m.m. lis (N.1788;<br />

S.2274), struck from worn dies, otherwise good VF £1,950<br />

HS4047 Mary (1553-54), Angel, 5.01g, class I, annulet stops, reads REGIN, m.m.<br />

pomegranate (Schneider 713; N.1958; S.2490), once cleaned, otherwise VF<br />

and rare £4,250<br />

HS4048 Philip and Mary (1554-58), Sixpence, 2.85g, 1554, full titles (N.1970;<br />

S.2505), minor edge splits and marks, strong portraits, good VF or better £2,250<br />

HS4043 Henry VIII, Sovereign, 12.06g, Third coinage, type 2, Southwark, m.m.<br />

E/S (Schneider-; N.1825; S.2291), double struck in legends, good portrait, bold<br />

VF and rare £13,500<br />

HS4049 Elizabeth I (1558-1603), Groat, 2.03g, second issue, bust 1F, m.m.<br />

cross crosslet (N.1986; S.2556), excellent portrait, about EF and rare thus £400<br />

MARCH 2010 29

HS4050 Elizabeth I, Shilling, 6.09g, sixth issue, m.m. hand (N.2014; S.2577),<br />

pleasing VF £400<br />

HS4054 James I, Shilling, 5.70g, Third coinage, sixth bust, m.m. lis (N.2124;<br />

S.2668), toned, VF £300<br />

HS4051 Elizabeth I, Sixpence, 3.09g, 1592, sixth issue, bust 6C, m.m. tun<br />

(N.2015; S.2578B), toned, good VF £300<br />

HS4055 James I, Halfgroat, 1.04g, Third coinage, m.m. thistle (N.2127;<br />

S.2671), toned, almost EF and rare thus £140<br />

HS4052 Elizabeth I, milled coinage, Shilling, 5.94g, small size, m.m. star<br />

(N.2023; S.2592), lightly toned, nearly very fine £750<br />

HS4056 Charles I (1625-49), Tower, Halfcrown, 14.29g, type 1a2, first<br />

horseman, no ground line, m.m. lis (Brooker 281/278; N.2201; S.2764),<br />

slight metal stress on reverse, otherwise toned, almost EF / good VF with an<br />

impressive provenance £1,850<br />

Ex Brice, Webb and Lingford collections<br />

HS4053 James I (1603-25), ‘fine work’ Laurel, 8.88g, Third coinage, first large<br />

bust, reversed Ns in reverse legend, m.m. spur rowel (Schnieder -; N -;<br />

cf. S.2637), a piece of fine work, perfectly centred on a full flan, nearly EF and<br />

excessively rare £27,500<br />

Ex Christies, 28 April 1987, lot 146<br />

We are not aware of any other specimen of a Fine Work Laurel to have appeared on the market.<br />

HS4057 Charles I, Tower, Shilling, 5.99g, group B, type 1b2, second bust, rev.<br />

plume above shield, no cross fourchée, m.m. castle (Brooker 421/417;<br />

N.2217; S.2785), light tone, bold VF, rare £850<br />

HS4058 Charles I, Tower, Penny, 0.53g, group D, type 3.2, no CR by shield, no<br />

inner circles, m.m. pellets (N.2268; S.2845), toned, good VF, excellent portrait<br />

£125<br />


HS4059 Charles I, Briot’s second milled issue, Sixpence, 2.90g, m.m. anchor<br />

and mullet / anchor (N.2306; S.2860), toned with some underlying brilliance,<br />

good VF £350<br />

HS4060 Charles I, Aberystwyth, Groat, 2.04g, large bust with armour, m.m.<br />

book, (N.2337; S.2892), toned, almost EF £375<br />

The Bobly Collection of Siege Coins<br />

of the English Civil War<br />

Bobly’s interest in siege pieces started in 1962 with the purchase of two Newark<br />

Shillings. Over the past five decades he has amassed an impressive run of this<br />

difficult series including the extremely rare three shilling piece of Carlisle,<br />

examples of all the Newark issues, the four types struck at Pontefract; and copies<br />

of extremely rare coins of Colchester and Scarborough. Bobly developed a<br />

particular fascination with coins struck on flans showing the original plate<br />

gilding and pattern and the collection contain a high proportion of these<br />

interesting pieces.<br />

References:<br />

Brooker – The John G. Brooker Collection, SCBI 33<br />

Hird – The Late Alderman Horace Hird, Glendining and Co. in association<br />

with <strong>Spink</strong> and Son, 6 March 1974, lots 243 - 284<br />

Nelson – P. Nelson, ‘The Obsidional money of the Great Rebellion, 1642 –<br />

1649’, BNJ 1905, pp. 291 – 359<br />

For further reading on the various sieges see:<br />

Tullie, Isaac ‘A Narriative of the Siege of Carlisle’ republished Michael Moon<br />

Whitehaven, 1988<br />

The Royal Commission for Historical Monuments ‘Newark on Trent, The Civil<br />

War Siegeworks’ HMSO, 1964<br />

Clarke, D. T. (compiled) ‘The Siege of Colchester 1648’ Colchester Borough<br />

Council, 1975<br />

Holmes, Richard H. ‘The Sieges of Pontefract Castle’ Pontefract, 1887<br />

HS4061 Charles I, Aberystwyth, Threepence, 1.47g, small bust, plume 2 before,<br />

rev. plume 1 above shield, m.m. book (N.2340; S.2894), toned, almost EF<br />

£300<br />

HS4062 Charles I, Bridgnorth on Severn, Groat, 1.80g, 1646, m.m. plume<br />

(N.2525; S.3021), toned, VF £575<br />

HB01 Carlisle besieged (October 1644, surrendered 25 June 1645),<br />

Three Shillings, 14.82g, 1645, crowned CR, rosette either side, value below,<br />

rev. OBS CARL 1645 on two lines (Nelson 2, fig. 5; Brooker 1218 – this coin;<br />

N.2634; S.3136), small old scratch on obverse, otherwise toned, good Fine and<br />

extremely rare with a superb provenance<br />

SOLD<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong> 1987<br />

Ex Bridgewater House (302) and Brooker collections<br />

HS4063 Charles I, Farthing, 0.62g, Maltravers type 3, m.m. harp / billet<br />

(N.2282; S.3199), EF £50<br />

HB02 Carlisle besieged, Shilling, 1645, 4.83g, crowned CR, value below,<br />

rev. OBS CARL 1645 on three lines, rosette above and below (Nelson 3, fig. 6;<br />

Brooker 1220; N.2635; S.3138), toned, Fine, very rare £10,000<br />

Bought Baldwin 1968<br />

HS4064 The Commonwealth (1649-60), Halfcrown, 14.69g, 1651, m.m. sun<br />

(ESC 426; N.2722; S.3215), nicely toned, a really good VF £1,500<br />

MARCH 2010 31

HB03 Scarborough besieged (July 1644, surrendered 22 July 1645),<br />

Two Shillings, type III, uniface, castle gateway with two turrets punched<br />

twice, value below (Nelson fig. 9 [Beeston Castle]; Brooker -; cf. N.2652a;<br />

S.3169), an electrotype copy, possibly by Robert Ready £750<br />

Bought 1965<br />

HB07 Newark besieged, Shilling, 5.81g, 1645, 2nd issue, crown dividing CR,<br />

value below, richly jewelled band to crown, eleven pearls to left arch, ten<br />

pearls to right, rev. OBS NEWARKE 1645 (Hird 254; Brooker 1224 rev. N.2640;<br />

S.3142), toned, well centred, good VF, rare £2,250<br />

Bought 1962<br />

HB04 Scarborough besieged, One Shilling and Sixpence, type II, uniface, small<br />

castle gateway, value below (Nelson fig. 22; Brooker -; cf. N.2650k; S.3162),<br />

a British Museum electrotype copy by Robert Ready, marked RR on edge £750<br />

Bought Baldwin 1970<br />

Robert Ready (1811-1901) worked as a duplicator for the British Museum between 1859 and 1897. He<br />

made a series of superb electrotypes of rare coins in the collection some of which were offered for sale to<br />

the public.<br />

HB08 Newark besieged, Ninepence, 4.57g, 1645, 2nd issue, crown dividing CR,<br />

value below, plain jewelled band to crown, eleven pearls to left arch, nine<br />

pearls to right, rev. OBS NEWARKE 1645 on three lines (Hird 260; Nelson type b;<br />

Brooker 1226 obv.; N.2641; S.3145), double struck, otherwise on a flan showing<br />

traces of original plate pattern, toned, bold VF, rare £1,850<br />

Ex Gibbs collection, Schulman, 1960, lot 24;<br />

SNC June 1972 item 6412<br />

HB05 Charles I, Farthing, 0.52g, contemporary forgery of Richmond type 2,<br />

manufactured from official punches, reads CARA, F for E in REX, m.m. coronet<br />

(Peck 123; S.3183A), good fine, rare £175<br />

Bought Seaby 1965<br />

A group of these counterfeit farthings were found in the well at Scarborough Castle and it has been<br />

suggested that they may have been issued during the siege. See Peck pp. 55-56<br />

HB09 Newark besieged, Ninepence, 4.42g, 1645, 2nd issue, crown dividing CR,<br />

value below, plain jewelled band to crown, eleven pearls to left arch, nine<br />

pearls to right, rev. OBS NEWARKE 1645 on three lines (Hird 260; Nelson type b;<br />

Brooker 1226 obv.; N.2641; S.3145), toned, Fine / Fair, very rare £750<br />

Bought 1965<br />

HB06 Newark besieged (several times 1645-6, surrendered 6 May 1646),<br />

Shilling, 6.01g, 1645, 1st issue, crude flat crown, dividing CR, value below,<br />

nine pearls to each arch of crown, rev. OBS NEWARKE 1645 on three lines<br />

(Hird 249; Nelson type a, fig. 28; Brooker 1223; N.2639; S.3141), toned,<br />

a good Fine, very rare £2,250<br />

Bought Baldwin 1970<br />

HB10 Newark besieged, Halfcrown, 14.45g, 1645, 3rd issue, crown dividing CR,<br />

value below, rev. OBS: NEWARK 1645 on three lines (Hird 245; Nelson fig. 29;<br />

Brooker 1221; N.2638; S.3140), usual die flaws on reverse, toned, good VF and<br />

very rare £3,750<br />

Bought 1966<br />


HB11 Newark besieged, Shilling, 5.66g, 1645, 3rd issue, crown dividing CR,<br />

value below, plain jewelled band to crown, ten pearls to left arch, eight pearls<br />

to right, rev. OBS: NEWARK 1645 on three lines (Hird 250; Brooker -; N.2641;<br />

S.3143), on a large flan, toned, VF, rare £1,500<br />

Bought P. Finn, 1999<br />

HB15 Newark besieged, Ninepence, 3.21g, 1646, 4th issue, crown dividing CR,<br />

value below, richly jewelled band to crown, ten pearls to both arches,<br />

rev. OBS: NEWARK 1646 on three lines (Hird 264; Nelson type b; Brooker 1227;<br />

N.2641; S.3144), reverse shows traces of Royal Arms, toned, almost VF most<br />

interesting and rare £2,250<br />

Bought 1967<br />

Charles I left Newark for Oxford on horseback at 11pm on the 3rd November 1645 the night before the<br />

third siege certainly leaving his baggage train behind. This coin is possibly cut from the King’s own silver<br />

with traces of his coat of arms showing on the flan.<br />

HB12 Newark besieged, Ninepence, 4.30g, 1645, 3rd issue, crown dividing CR,<br />

value below, plain jewelled band to crown, rev. OBS: NEWARK 1645 on three lines<br />

(Hird 260 obv; Brooker 1226; N.2641; S.3144), toned, almost Fine, rare £850<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong> 1968<br />

HB16 Newark besieged, Ninepence, 3.02g, 1646, 4th issue, crown dividing CR,<br />

value below, richly jewelled band to crown, ten pearls to both arches,<br />

rev. OBS: NEWARK 1646 on three lines (Hird 264; Nelson type b; Brooker 1227;<br />

N.2641; S.3144), struck on gilt plate showing traces of original pattern, pierced at<br />

12 o’clock, almost VF / about Fine, interesting and rare £750<br />

Bought Baldwin 1999<br />

HB13 Newark besieged, Halfcrown, 15.02g, 1646, 4th issue, crown dividing CR,<br />

value below, rev. OBS: NEWARK 1646 on three lines (Hird 246; Brooker 1222;<br />

N.2638; S.3140A), well centred on a broad flan, toned, VF £2,000<br />

Bought 1966<br />

HB17 Newark besieged, Sixpence, 3.02g, 1646, 4th issue, crown dividing CR,<br />

value below, rev. OBS: NEWARK 1646 on three lines (Hird 267; Brooker 1228;<br />

N.2642; S.3146), slightly double struck on reverse, otherwise toned, good VF,<br />

rare £1,950<br />

Bought 1965, Ex Dyson-Perrins and K V Graham (lot 320) collections<br />

HB14 Newark besieged, Shilling, 5.66g, 1646, 4th issue, crown dividing CR,<br />

value below, richly jewelled band to crown, ten pearls to both arches,<br />

rev. OBS: NEWARK 1646 on three lines (Hird 255; Nelson type b; Brooker 1225;<br />

N.2640; S.3143), slight porosity to flan, VF £1,000<br />

Bought 1962<br />

HB18 Newark besieged, Sixpence, 2.84g, 1646, 4th issue, crown dividing CR,<br />

value below, rev. OBS: NEWARK 1646 on three lines (Hird 267; Brooker 1228;<br />

N.2642; S.3146), struck on gilt plate showing traces of original pattern, pierced at<br />

6 o’clock, about VF, interesting and rare £800<br />

Bought 2004, Ex P. Finn, list 14, item329<br />

MARCH 2010 33

HB19 Colchester besieged (13 June 1648, surrendered 17 August 1648), Half<br />

Unite or Double Crown, 1648, uniface, castle gateway dividing crowned CR,<br />

OBS. COL., date and value below (Nelson fig. 37; Brooker ; N.2637; S.-), a high<br />

quality cast from an electrotype £850<br />

Bought 1974<br />

HB23 Pontefract besieged, in the name of Charles II after the execution of<br />

Charles I, Shilling, 4.36g, 1648, type 2, octagonal shaped flan, crown with<br />

furred band, over HANC: DEVS: DEDIT, on two lines, date below, CAROL: II: D: G: MAG: B:<br />

F: ET: H: REX, rev. castle gateway, flag dividing PC, OBS to left, cannon to right,<br />

POST: MORTEM: PARTRIS: PRO: FILIO (Hird 282; Nelson type IV, fig. 50;<br />

Brooker 1235; N.2649; S.3151), toned, good VF, rare £6,750<br />

Bought B. Hearn 1965<br />

Milled Silver<br />

A superb collection of milled silver coins, many bought from<br />

<strong>Spink</strong> over the past 25 years.<br />

CROWNS<br />

HB20 Pontefract besieged (seized for the King 2 June 1648, invested Autumn<br />

1648, surrendered 22 March 1649), Shilling, 4.83g, 1648, type 1,<br />

octagonal shaped flan, crown over large C·R, DVM: SPIRO: SPERO in thick lettering,<br />

rev. castle gateway, OBS to left, PC above, hand with sword to right, date below<br />

(Hird 273; Nelson type 1; Brooker 1231; N.2646; S.3148), toned, almost VF,<br />

rare £4,500<br />

MS8942 George III (1760-1820), Crown, 1818 LVIII (ESC 211; S.3787), some<br />

minor contact marks, proof like fields, almost uncirculated £575<br />

<strong>Spink</strong>, Auction 98, June 1993, lot 198<br />

HB21 Pontefract besieged, Shilling, 14.95g, 1648, type 2, lozenge shaped flan,<br />

large crown over smaller C·R, DVM: SPIRO: SPERO, rev. castle gateway, OBS to left,<br />

value dividing PC to right, date below (Hird 276; Nelson type II;<br />

Brooker 1233; N.2647; S.3149), toned, VF, very rare £5,250<br />

Bought 1965, Ex Lord St. Oswald collection, lot 110<br />

MS8943 George III, Crown, 1819 LIX (ESC 215; S.3787), good VF £100<br />

HB22 Pontefract besieged, in the name of Charles II after the execution of<br />

Charles I, Shilling, 4.31g, 1648, type1, octagonal shaped flan, large crown<br />

over C·R, DVM: SPIRO: SPERO, rev. castle gateway, flag dividing PC, OBS to left,<br />

cannon to right, CAROLVS: SECVИDVS: 1648 (Hird 279; Nelson type I;<br />

Brooker 1234; N.2648; S.3150), toned, good Fine, pleasing and rare £3,500<br />

Ex Gordon Hopkins collection, Baldwin sale 30, lot 287<br />

MS8944 George III, Crown, 1819 LIX, no stops on edge (ESC 215A; S.3787),<br />

toned, EF, rare £475<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong>, March 1996<br />


MS8945 George III, Crown, 1819 LX (ESC 216; S.3787), a couple of minor marks,<br />

toned, EF £325<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong>, October 1984<br />

MS8950 Victoria, Crown, 1896 LX (ESC 311; S.3937), good EF £250<br />

MS8946 George III, Crown, 1820 LX, 20 over 19 (ESC 220A; S.3787), scratches<br />

on obverse, VF, rare £200<br />

MS8951 George V (1910-36), Wreath Crown, 1929 (ESC 369; S.4036), lustrous,<br />

almost as struck £475<br />

MS8947 Victoria (1837-1901), Gothic Crown, 1847 UNDECIMO (ESC 288;<br />

S.3883), edge knocks, uneven tone, VF £750<br />

MS8952 George V, Wreath Crown, 1936 (ESC 381; S.4036), some very light<br />

contact marks, good EF, rare £650<br />

MS8948 Victoria, Crown, 1888, wide date (ESC 298; S.3921), EF, rare £550<br />

MS8953 George VI (1936-52), “VIP” proof Crown, 1951 (ESC 393D; S.4111),<br />

some very light surface marks, frosted design and brilliant field, about as struck,<br />

very rare £750<br />

MS8949 Victoria, proof Crown, 1893 LVI (ESC 304; S.3937), scratch behind<br />

head, some light hairlines, therefore good EF £700<br />

MS8954 Elizabeth II (1952 -), “VIP” proof Crown, 1960 (ESC 393M; S.4143),<br />

some very light contact marks, otherwise with frosted design, highly polished field,<br />

as struck £500<br />

MARCH 2010 35

MS8955 Elizabeth II, “VIP” Specimen Churchill Crown, 1965 (ESC 393o;<br />

S.4144), with “satin” finish, as struck and very rare £1,200<br />


MS8960 William III (1694-1702), Halfcrown, 1698 DECIMO, first bust, modified<br />

large shields (ESC 554; S.3494), flaw in front of face, light tone, EF £750<br />

Glendining, February 1999, lot 43<br />

MS8956 Victoria (1837-1901), Double Florin, 1887, Roman I in date (ESC 394;<br />

S.3922), EF £50<br />

MS8961 George II (1727-60), Halfcrown, 1741 D. QVARTO, young head, roses<br />

(ESC 601; S.3693), well struck, toned, good EF £1,850<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong>, March 1994<br />

MS8957 Victoria, Double Florin, 1888, Arabic 1 in date (ESC 397; S.3923),<br />

mark on reverse, EF £60<br />


MS8962 George II, Halfcrown, 1746 LIMA, D. NONO, old head, plain (ESC 605;<br />

S.3695A), toned, good EF £750<br />

MS8958 Charles II (1660-85), Halfcrown, 1679 T. PRIMO, fourth bust, error<br />

edge, inscribed “DECNS” (ESC 483; S.3367), toned, pleasing VF with a stronger<br />

reverse, the error rarer than ESC indicates £950<br />

SNC, December 2003, MS5665<br />

MS8963 George II, Halfcrown, 1751 V. QVARTO, old head, plain (ESC 610;<br />

S.3696), minor adjustment marks on face, toned, EF, rare £1,750<br />

SNC, February 1990, 370<br />

MS8959 William and Mary (1688-94), Halfcrown, 1689 PRIMO, first busts,<br />

second shield, caul and interior frosted, no pearls (ESC 509; S.3435), a little<br />

softly struck, light tone, EF £1,100<br />

Bonhams, 6 March 2002, lot 231<br />

MS8964 George III (1760-1820), Halfcrown, 1817, “bull” head (ESC 616;<br />

S.3788), toned, about uncirculated £400<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong>, November 1996<br />


MS8965 George III, proof Halfcrown, 1817, “bull” head, edge, milled (ESC 617;<br />

S.3788), some very light cabinet friction, otherwise toned, as struck, rare £2,500<br />

Bonhams, Sale 10603, lot 1256<br />

MS8970 George IV, Halfcrown, 1825, second head, third reverse (ESC 642;<br />

S.3809), light tone, a really good EF £375<br />

MS8966 George III, Halfcrown, 1817, “bull” head, E over R in DEF: (ESC -;<br />

S.3788 var.), toned, about as struck, an unrecorded variety £950<br />

Bonhams, Sale 10603, lot 1225<br />

The E of DEF has been punched in twice over an R.<br />

MS8971 William IV (1830-37), Halfcrown, 1834, WW in script (ESC 662;<br />

S.3834), a few minor marks, rich tone, good EF £375<br />

MS8967 George III, Halfcrown, 1819, small head (ESC 623; S.3789), toned,<br />

almost EF £250<br />

MS8972 Victoria (1837-1901), Halfcrown, 1840, young head type A3, WW<br />

incuse (ESC 673; S.3887), toned, about EF, scarce £500<br />

MS8968 George IV (1820-30), Halfcrown, 1821, first head, first reverse<br />

(ESC 631; S.3807), EF £275<br />

MS8973 Victoria, Halfcrown, 1842, young head type A4, no initials (ESC 675;<br />

S.3888), toned, EF £500<br />

MS8969 George IV, Halfcrown, 1824, first head, second reverse (ESC 636;<br />

S.3808), light tone, almost EF £250<br />

MS8974 Victoria, Halfcrown, 1874, young head type A5, no initials (ESC 692;<br />

S.3889), lustrous, uncirculated £400<br />

Bought Seaby Auction, 23 April 1986<br />

MARCH 2010 37

MS8975 Victoria, Halfcrown, 1874, young head type A5, no initials (ESC 692;<br />

S.3889), some lustre, about uncirculated £400<br />

MS8980 George V (1910-36), Halfcrown, 1911 (ESC 757; S.4011), good EF £80<br />

SNC, August 2008, MS3042<br />

MS8976 Victoria, Halfcrown, 1887, Jubilee head (ESC 719; S.3924), toned,<br />

uncirculated £65<br />

SNC, December 1998, 7379<br />

MS8981 George V, Halfcrown, 1917 (ESC 764; S.4011), good EF £70<br />

MS8977 Victoria, Halfcrown, 1891, Jubilee head (ESC 724; S.3924), toned,<br />

about uncirculated £140<br />

MS8982 George V, Halfcrown, 1926, second coinage (ESC 773; S.4021A),<br />

EF £60<br />

MS8978 Victoria, Halfcrown, 1897, old head (ESC 731; S.3938), bag marks on<br />

obverse, otherwise uncirculated, attractive matt tone £100<br />

MS8983 George V, proof Halfcrown, 1927, fourth coinage (ESC 776; S.4037),<br />

almost as struck £70<br />

SNC, August 2001, MS2156<br />

MS8984 Elizabeth II (1952 -), Halfcrown, 1954 (ESC 781I; S.4145),<br />

uncirculated £35<br />

Bonhams, Sale 31195, lot 326<br />

MS8979 Edward VII (1901-10), Halfcrown, 1906 (ESC 751; S.3980), good EF<br />

£350<br />



MS8985 Victoria (1837-1901), pattern Florin, 1848, “Godless” type A,<br />

rev. cruciform shields, plain edge (ESC 886 R2; S.3890), some very light<br />

hairlines, otherwise toned, as struck £1,200<br />

MS8990 Victoria, Florin, 1853, “Gothic” type B1, no stop after date, reads BRIT:<br />

(ESC 808; S.3891), dipped, EF £225<br />

Glendining, 1 October 1997, lot 394<br />

MS8986 Victoria, Florin, 1849, “Godless” type A, WW in full behind bust<br />

(ESC 802; S.3890), pleasing, good EF £250<br />

MS8991 Victoria, Florin, 1856, “Gothic” type B1, no stop after date, reads BRIT:<br />

(ESC 813A; S.3891), softly struck in centre, otherwise toned, uncirculated £500<br />

MS8987 Victoria, Florin, 1849, “Godless” type A, WW obliterated (ESC 802A;<br />

S.3890), EF, rare £275<br />

SNC, August 2002, MS3093<br />

MS8992 Victoria, Florin, 1858, “Gothic” type B1, no stop after date, reads BRIT:<br />

(ESC 816B; S.3891), good EF £350<br />

MS8988 Victoria, Florin, 1852, “Gothic” type B1, reads BRIT: (ESC 806; S.3891),<br />

light bag marks, almost uncirculated £375<br />

MS8993 Victoria, Florin, 1862, “Gothic” type B1, reads BRIT. (ESC 820 R2;<br />

S.3891), light bag marks, good EF and very rare £1,750<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong>, June 1994<br />

MS8989 Victoria, Florin, 1852, “Gothic” type B1, ii over i in date, reads BRIT:<br />

(ESC 807A R2; S.3891), good EF and rare £375<br />

<strong>Spink</strong>, Auction 4018, 6 October 2004, lot 798<br />

MS8994 Victoria, Florin, 1865, “Gothic” type B2, reads BRIT:, no colon<br />

after date, die number 16 (ESC 826; S.3892), attractively toned, good EF,<br />

scarce £500<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong>, November 1985<br />

MARCH 2010 39

MS8995 Victoria, Florin, 1865, “Gothic” type B2, reads BRIT:, with colon after<br />

date, die number 43 (ESC 827 R3; S.3892), toned, good EF, very rare £750<br />

MS9000 Victoria, Florin, 1879, “Gothic” type B6, reads BRITT:, 48 arcs, with WW,<br />

no die number (ESC 851; S.3897), almost EF £200<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong> (5244)<br />

MS8996 Victoria, Florin, 1868, “Gothic” type B3, reads BRITT:, 48 arcs, with WW,<br />

die number 25 (ESC 833; S.3893), toned, good EF £475<br />

<strong>Spink</strong>, Auction 140, 16 November 1999, lot 765<br />

MS9001 Victoria, Florin, 1879, “Gothic” type B7, reads BRITT:, 38 arcs, without<br />

WW (ESC 852; S.3898), good EF £350<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong>, July 1984<br />

MS8997 Victoria, Florin, 1874, “Gothic” type B3, reads BRITT:, 48 arcs, iv over<br />

iii in date, die number 29 (ESC 843A R2; S.3893), cleaned, otherwise good VF<br />

and very rare £250<br />

SNC, June 1994, 4236<br />

MS9002 Victoria, Florin, 1880, “Gothic” type B8, reads BRITT:, 34 arcs, without<br />

WW (ESC 854; S.3900), hints of lustre, good EF £350<br />

<strong>Spink</strong>, Auction 140, 16 November 1999, lot 765<br />

MS8998 Victoria, Florin, 1877, “Gothic” type B5, reads BRITT:, 42 arcs, stop<br />

after date, no WW, die number 25 (ESC 848; S.3895), good EF £375<br />

MS9003 Victoria, Florin, 1881, “Gothic” type B8, reads BRITT:, 34 arcs, without<br />

WW (ESC 856; S.3900), light bag marks, almost uncirculated £300<br />

MS8999 Victoria, Florin, 1878, “Gothic” type B5, reads BRITT:, 42 arcs, die<br />

number 19 (ESC 849; S.3895), bag marks, good EF £375<br />

<strong>Spink</strong>, September 1991, lot 5087<br />

MS9004 Victoria, Florin, 1886, “Gothic” type B8, reads BRITT:, 34 arcs, without<br />

WW (ESC 863; S.3900), EF £225<br />


MS9005 Victoria, Florin, 1887, “Gothic” type B9, reads BRITT:, 46 arcs, without<br />

WW (ESC 866; S.3901), matt tone, pleasing EF, scarce £325<br />

MS9011 Edward VII, Florin, 1903 (ESC 921; S.3981), good EF £200<br />

MS9006 Victoria, Florin, 1887, Jubilee head (ESC 868; S.3925), about<br />

uncirculated £40<br />

MS9012 George V (1910-36), Florin, 1911 (ESC 929; S.4012), light tone, EF<br />

£40<br />

MS9007 Victoria, proof Florin, 1887, Jubilee head (ESC 869; S.3925), most<br />

attractively toned, about as struck £175<br />

MS9013 George V, proof Florin, 1911 (ESC 930; S.4012), toned, almost as<br />

struck £110<br />

MS9008 Victoria, proof Florin, 1893, old head (ESC 877; S.3939), attractive<br />

rainbow tone, as struck £225<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong>, August 1994<br />

MS9014 George V, Florin, 1926 (ESC 945; S.4022A), good EF £50<br />

Bought Seaby, 9 August 1986, G256<br />

MS9009 Victoria, Florin, 1897, old head (ESC 881; S.3939), EF £45<br />

MS9015 George V, proof Florin, 1927 (ESC 947; S.4038), toned, almost as<br />

struck £95<br />

MS9010 Edward VII (1901-10), matt proof Florin, 1902 (ESC 920; S.3981),<br />

about as struck £90<br />

MS9016 George V, Florin, 1928 (ESC 948; S.4038), about uncirculated £25<br />

SNC, August 2002, MS3170<br />

MARCH 2010 41


MS9017 Charles II (1660-85), Shilling, 1663, first bust, inverted die axis<br />

(ESC 1022; S.3371), about EF, attractively toned £1,100<br />

<strong>Spink</strong>, Auction 1258, 5 October 2000, lot 545<br />

MS9023 William III, Shilling, 1697, first bust (ESC 1091; S.3497), richly toned,<br />

EF £375<br />

MS9018 Charles II, Shilling, 1663, first bust, Scottish and Irish shields<br />

transposed (ESC 1024 R3; S.3371), toned, almost VF and very rare £800<br />

SNC, December 2003, MS5667<br />

MS9024 William III, Shilling, 1700, fifth bust (ESC 1121; S.3516), dark tone,<br />

EF £350<br />

MS9019 Charles II, Shilling, 1684, fourth bust (ESC 1066; S.3381), attractively<br />

toned, nearly extremely fine and very pleasing £1,650<br />

<strong>Spink</strong>, Auction 4018, 6 October 2004, lot 594<br />

MS9025 William III, Shilling, 1700, fifth bust, no stops on reverse (ESC 1122;<br />

S.3516), EF £450<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong>, 10 April 1994<br />

MS9020 James II (1685-88), Shilling, 1687, 7 over 6 and with G of MAG over A<br />

(ESC 1072A; S.3410), with light adjustment marks otherwise EF with a clear<br />

over date and overstrike in legend, very rare in this grade £2,500<br />

SNC, December 2003, MS5668<br />

MS9026 Anne, before Union, Shilling, 1702 VIGO, first bust (ESC 1130;<br />

S.3585), toned with some underlying brilliance, EF £800<br />

Ex Grantley collection, September 1944<br />

MS9021 William and Mary (1688-94), Shilling, 1693, 9 over 0 (ESC 1076A R4;<br />

S.3437), about VF and rare £450<br />

SNC, December 2000, MS0090<br />

MS9027 Anne, after Union, Shilling, 1708, third bust, plain (ESC 1147;<br />

S.3610), lightly hay marked, EF £350<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong> (4765)<br />

MS9022 William III (1694-1702), Shilling, 1696 C, first bust C below, Chester<br />

mint, R over V in GRA (ESC 1082A R4; S.3499), VF and very rare £475<br />

SNC, June 2000, 2385<br />

MS9028 Anne, after Union, Shilling, 1713, 3 over 2, fourth bust, roses and<br />

plumes (ESC 1160; S.3617), graffiti on neck otherwise toned with underlying<br />

brilliance, EF £500<br />


MS9029 George I (1714-27), Shilling, 1715, first bust, roses and plumes (ESC<br />

1162; S.3645), light tone, about EF £650<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong>, March 1986<br />

MS9035 George II, Shilling, 1741, 41 over 39, young head, roses (ESC 1202A<br />

R5; S.3701), a really good VF and rare £500<br />

SNC, February 2000, 228<br />

MS9030 George I, Shilling, 1723 SSC, first bust (ESC 1176; S.3647), light tone,<br />

EF £225<br />

MS9036 George II, Shilling, 1745 LIMA, old head, plain (ESC 1205; S.3703),<br />

dappled tone, good EF £550<br />

Glendining, 30 April 1999, lot 334<br />

MS9031 George I, Shilling, 1723 SSC, first bust, Arms of France at date<br />

(ESC 1177 R2; S.3647), toned, good VF, rare £650<br />

Ex Martin Hughes collection<br />

<strong>Spink</strong>, Auction 139, 16 November 1999, lot 343<br />

MS9037 George II, Shilling, 1750, wide 0 in date, 5 over 4, old head, plain<br />

(ESC 1211; S.3704), lightly toned, EF and rare £525<br />

Ex Martin Hughes collection<br />

SNC, February 2000, 231<br />

MS9032 George II (1727-60), Shilling, 1727, young head, roses and plumes<br />

(ESC 1190; S.3698), light tone, EF £700<br />

MS9038 George II, Shilling, 1758, old head, plain (ESC 1213; S.3704), toned,<br />

EF £150<br />

MS9033 George II, Shilling, 1728, young head, plain (ESC 1191; S.3700), some<br />

hay marks, toned, almost EF, rare £950<br />

MS9039 George III (1760-1820), “Northumberland “Shilling, 1763, young<br />

head (ESC 1214; S.3742), richly toned, good EF £1,450<br />

MS9034 George II, Shilling, 1739, young head, roses (ESC 1201; S.3701), light<br />

tone, good VF, reverse better £325<br />

MS9040 George III, Shilling, 1787, second head, without semée of hearts,<br />

7 strings to harp (ESC 1216; S.3743), light haymarks, toned, EF £100<br />

MARCH 2010 43

MS9041 George III, Shilling, 1816, laureate head (ESC 1228; S.3790), brilliance<br />

on obverse, good EF £75<br />

MS9047 George IV, Shilling, 1826, 6 over 2 or 8 (?), second head, third reverse<br />

(cf. ESC 1257A R3; S.3812), dark tone, VF, a very unusual date £250<br />

SNC, August 2002, MS3238<br />

MS9042 George III, Shilling, 1817, laureate head, E over R in GEOR (ESC 1232A<br />

R3; S.3790), toned, about uncirculated, very rare £750<br />

MS9048 William IV (1830-37), Shilling, 1836 (ESC 1273; S.3835), toned, good<br />

EF £250<br />

MS9043 George III, Shilling, 1820, laureate head, I of HONI over S (ESC 1236A<br />

R3; S.3790), uncirculated and very rare £450<br />

SNC, December 1997, 5901<br />

MS9049 Victoria (1837-1901), Shilling, 1839, first young head type A1, WW<br />

(ESC 1280; S.3902), good EF £250<br />

MS9044 George IV, Shilling, 1825, first head, second reverse (ESC 1253;<br />

S.3811), toned, good EF £275<br />

MS9050 Victoria, proof Shilling, 1839, young head type A3, no WW, plain edge<br />

(ESC 1284; S.3904), most attractively toned, as struck £600<br />

Bonhams, 6 March 2002, lot 338<br />

MS9045 George IV, proof Shilling, 1825, first head, second reverse (ESC 1253A<br />

R4; S.3811), edge nick on reverse, slightly impaired, good EF, very rare £1,500<br />

SNC, October 2003, MS5504A<br />

MS9051 Victoria, Shilling, 1858, second 8 over 6, young head type A3, no WW<br />

(ESC -; S.3904), toned good EF, very rare £375<br />

SNC, December 1998, 7421<br />

MS9046 George IV, Shilling, 1825, second head, third reverse (ESC 1254;<br />

S.3812), toned, good EF £175<br />

SNC, April 1999, 1578<br />

MS9052 Victoria, Shilling, 1863, 3 over 1, young head type A3, no WW<br />

(ESC 1311A R4; S.3904), almost EF, very rare £550<br />


MS9053 Victoria, Shilling, 1866, young head type A4, die number 50<br />

(ESC 1314; S.3905), light surface marks, good EF £175<br />

MS9059 Victoria, Shilling, 1894, old head (ESC 1363; S.3940), about<br />

uncirculated £90<br />

MS9054 Victoria, Shilling, 1879, young head type A7, no die number<br />

(ESC 1334; S.3907), almost EF £75<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong><br />

MS9060 Edward VII (1901-10), matt proof Shilling, 1902 (ESC 1411; S.3982),<br />

reverse struck off centre, good EF, curious £70<br />

MS9055 Victoria, Shilling, 1887, Jubilee head (ESC 1351; S.3926), toned with<br />

underlying brilliance, uncirculated £35<br />

SNC, December 1998, 7428<br />

MS9061 Edward VII, Shilling, 1903 (ESC 1412; S.3982), a really good EF £250<br />

MS9056 Victoria, Shilling, 1889, large Jubilee head (ESC 1355; S.3927), much<br />

brilliance, good EF £50<br />

MS9062 George V (1910-36), first coinage, proof Shilling, 1911 (ESC 1421;<br />

S.4013), attractively toned, as struck £100<br />

MS9057 Victoria, proof Shilling, 1889, large Jubilee head (ESC 1356 R3;<br />

S.3927), some light surface marks in fields, toned, almost as struck, very<br />

rare £1,350<br />

SNC, November 1994, 7358<br />

MS9063 George V, first coinage, Shilling, 1913 (ESC 1423; S.4013), almost<br />

uncirculated £100<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong> (4244)<br />

MS9064 George V, second coinage, Shilling, 1923 (ESC 1433; S.4023A),<br />

uncirculated £50<br />

SNC, August 2002, MS3319<br />

MS9058 Victoria, Shilling, 1893, old head, small lettering (ESC 1361A;<br />

S.3940), toned, good EF £60<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong>, February 1996<br />

MARCH 2010 45

MS9065 George V, second coinage, proof or trial Shilling, 1923, struck in nickel<br />

(ESC 1433A R4; S.4023A), uncirculated and extremely rare £1,250<br />

SNC, October 1993, 7238<br />

MS9071 James II, Sixpence, 1687, later shields (ESC 1526B; S.3413), some light<br />

haymarks on reverse, toned, almost EF, scarce £750<br />

SNC, April 2001, MS0857<br />

MS9072 William and Mary (1688-94), Sixpence, 1693 (ESC 1529; S.3438),<br />

toned, pleasing VF £450<br />

MS9066 George V, third coinage, Shilling, 1927, modified effigy (ESC 1438;<br />

S.4033), uncirculated £60<br />

SNC, February 2001, MS5075<br />

MS9073 William III (1694-1702), Sixpence, 1696, first bust, early harp, large<br />

crowns (ESC 1533; S.3520), toned, good EF £250<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong><br />

MS9067 George V, fourth coinage, Shilling, 1927 (ESC 1439; S.4039), good<br />

EF £25<br />


MS9074 William III, Sixpence, 1696 y, York, first bust, early harp, large crowns<br />

(ESC 1539; S.3525), light haymarks, toned, EF £250<br />

MS9068 Charles II (1660-85), Sixpence, 1674 (ESC 1512; S.3382), toned,<br />

EF £700<br />

SNC, July 1993, 4433<br />

MS9069 Charles II, Sixpence, 1677 (ESC 1516; S.3382), almost EF £500<br />

S & B, 1 June 2001, G181<br />

MS9075 William III, Sixpence, 1696 Y, York, first bust, early harp, no stops on<br />

obverse, large crowns (ESC 1541; S.3526), light adjustment marks on top of<br />

bust, toned, EF, rare £375<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong><br />

MS9070 James II (1685-88), Sixpence, 1686, early shields (ESC 1525; S.3412),<br />

lightly hay marked, toned, good EF, scarce £1,000<br />

Glendining, 30 April 1999, lot 263<br />

MS9076 William III, Sixpence, 1697, first bust, later harp, small crowns, Arms<br />

of France and Ireland transposed (ESC 1552B R5; S.3531), bold fine,<br />

extremely rare £450<br />


MS9077 William III, Sixpence, 1697 B, Bristol, first bust, later harp, small<br />

crowns (ESC 1555; S.3552), toned, EF £275<br />

SNC, April 1999, 1233<br />

MS9083 William III, Sixpence, 1697 C, Chester, third bust, later harp, small<br />

crowns (ESC 1570; S.3543), toned, good VF £225<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong> (3738)<br />

MS9078 William III, Sixpence, 1697 N, Norwich, first bust, later harp, small<br />

crowns (ESC 1561; S.3535), toned, about EF £325<br />

SNC, May 1991, 2771<br />

MS9084 William III, Sixpence, 1698, third bust, later harp, large crowns,<br />

plumes (ESC 1575; S.3546), toned, EF, rare £500<br />

SNC, November 1994, 7394<br />

MS9079 William III, Sixpence, 1697, third bust, later harp, large crowns (ESC<br />

1566; S.3538), toned, EF £225<br />

MS9085 William III, Sixpence, 1699, third bust, later harp, large crowns, plain<br />

(ESC 1576; S.3538), toned, about EF, rare £500<br />

SNC, June 1991, 2775<br />

MS9080 William III, Sixpence, 1697, third bust, inverted A in GVLIELMVS, later<br />

harp, large crowns (ESC 1566B R4; S.3538), the inverted A probably a die flaw,<br />

VF £90<br />

MS9086 William III, Sixpence, 1699, third bust, later harp, large crowns,<br />

plumes (ESC 1577; S.3546), toned, EF, rare £500<br />

SNC, December 1990, 7765<br />

MS9081 William III, Sixpence, 1697, third bust, later harp, small crowns<br />

(ESC 1567; S.3542), EF £250<br />

SNC, August 2001, 2010<br />

MS9087 William III, Sixpence, 1700, third bust, later harp, large crowns, plain<br />

(ESC 1579; S.3538), EF £250<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong> (4220)<br />

MS9082 William III, Sixpence, 1697 B, Bristol, third bust, D over M in DEI (?), R<br />

over F in GRA (?), later harp, large crowns (ESC 1568; S.3539), the over<br />

punched letters probably the result of a flawed rusty die, EF £250<br />

SNC, December 2003, 5674<br />

MS9088 Anne (1702-14), before Union, Sixpence, 1703 VIGO (ESC 1582;<br />

S.3590), small scratch on reverse, toned, almost EF £275<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong>, April 1993<br />

MARCH 2010 47

MS9089 Anne, before Union, Sixpence, 1705, late shields, plumes (ESC 1584A;<br />

S.3593), toned, EF £475<br />

Ex Lockett, Jackson Kent and Pearce collections<br />

MS9095 George I, Sixpence, 1723 SSC, small letters (ESC 1600; S.3652), light<br />

tone, about EF £225<br />

<strong>Spink</strong>, 15 April 2004, lot 273<br />

MS9090 Anne, after Union, Sixpence, 1707, plain (ESC 1587; S.3619), toned,<br />

good VF £200<br />

Seaby, 1981<br />

MS9096 George I, Sixpence, 1726, small roses and plumes (ESC 1602; S.3653),<br />

good VF / EF, rare £375<br />

Ex Hamilton, Pegg, Seaby<br />

MS9091 Anne, after Union, Sixpence, 1707, plumes (ESC 1590; S.3623), lightly<br />

hay marked, soft in centre, otherwise toned, EF £350<br />

MS9097 George II, Sixpence, 1728, young head, roses and plumes (ESC 1606;<br />

S.3707), toned, good EF £450<br />

SNC, June 1990, 3556<br />

MS9092 Anne, after Union, Sixpence, 1710, roses and plumes (ESC 1595;<br />

S.3624), weak in parts, toned, nearly EF, scarce £400<br />

Ex Lord Hamilton collection<br />

MS9098 George II, Sixpence, 1739, young head, roses (ESC 1612; S.3708), light<br />

tone, nearly EF £300<br />

Baldwin, Auction 5, lot 410<br />

MS9093 Anne, after Union, Sixpence, 1711, plain, large lis (ESC 1596A;<br />

S.3619), toned, some brilliance, EF £250<br />

SNC, April 2000, 1608<br />

MS9099 George II, Sixpence, 1739, young head, roses, O in GEORGIVS over R (ESC<br />

1612A R3; S.3708), light tone, nearly EF, rare £350<br />

SNC, September 1995, 5070<br />

MS9094 George I (1714-27), Sixpence, 1717, roses and plumes (ESC 1597;<br />

S.3651), attractive light tone, some brilliance, EF, rare £600<br />

SNC, July 1993, 4438<br />

MS9100 George II, Sixpence, 1743, old head, roses (ESC 1614; S.3709), toned,<br />

EF £275<br />


MS9101 George II, Sixpence, 1745, 5 over 3, old head, roses (ESC 1616 R2;<br />

S.3709), dark tone, EF, rare £300<br />

Ex Martin Hughes collection<br />

<strong>Spink</strong>, Auction 139, lot 401<br />

MS9108 George IV, proof Sixpence, 1821, first head, first reverse (ESC 1655 R2;<br />

S.3813), some very light cabinet friction, otherwise toned, almost as struck £500<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong><br />

MS9102 George II, Sixpence, 1745 LIMA, old head, plain (ESC 1617; S.3710),<br />

light tone, nearly EF £200<br />

MS9109 George IV, Sixpence, 1821, first head, first reverse, reads BBITANNIAR<br />

(ESC 1656 R3; S.3813), some light surface marks, good EF, very rare £800<br />

SNC, November 1998, 6986<br />

MS9103 George II, Sixpence, 1758, 8 over 7, old head, plain (ESC 1624;<br />

S.3711), nearly EF £90<br />

SNC, December 1998, 7446<br />

MS9110 George IV, Sixpence, 1828, second head, third reverse (ESC 1665;<br />

S.3815), softly struck in centre, EF £150<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong><br />

MS9104 George III (1760-1820), Sixpence, 1787, without semée of hearts (ESC<br />

1626; S.3748), toned, EF £60<br />

MS9111 William IV (1830-37), proof Sixpence, 1831, plain edge, inverted die<br />

axis (ESC 1671 R2; S.3836), toned, almost as struck £300<br />

MS9105 George III, new coinage, Sixpence, 1816 (ESC 1630; S.3791), about<br />

uncirculated £90<br />

SNC, September 1998, 5821<br />

MS9112 William IV, Sixpence, 1834, large date (ESC 1674A; S.3836), EF £125<br />

SNC, August 2002, MS3375<br />

MS9106 George III, Sixpence, 1820, inverted 1 in date (ESC 1639A R4;<br />

S.3791), good EF, rare £475<br />

Glendining, Sale 30891, 30 November 2000, lot 175<br />

MS9113 Victoria (1837-1901), Sixpence, 1844, small 44, first young head type<br />

A1 (ESC 1690; S.3908), mark on neck, otherwise about uncirculated £175<br />

SNC, June 1993, 3568<br />

MS9107 George IV (1820-30), Sixpence, 1821, first head, first reverse<br />

(ESC 1654; S.3813), light tone, good EF £175<br />

SNC, November 1995, 6467<br />

MARCH 2010 49

MS9114 Victoria, Sixpence, 1848, 8 over 7, first young head type A1<br />

(ESC 1693B R3; S.3908), die flaws, good EF, very rare £500<br />

MS9121 Victoria, Sixpence, 1887, Jubilee head, “withdrawn” type (ESC 1752;<br />

S.3928), good EF £15<br />

SNC, April 1998, 2106<br />

MS9115 Victoria, Sixpence, 1850, 5 over 3, first young head type A1<br />

(ESC 1695A R2; S.3908), light tone, EF, rare £200<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong> (2602)<br />

MS9122 Victoria, Sixpence, 1887, Jubilee head, “withdrawn” type, JEB on<br />

truncation (ESC 1752B R3; S.3928), from a half-sovereign obverse die, EF and<br />

rare £125<br />

SNC, December 1997, 5965<br />

MS9116 Victoria, Sixpence, 1859, first young head type A1 (ESC 1708;<br />

S.3908), good EF £125<br />

MS9123 Victoria, proof Sixpence, 1887, Jubilee head, “withdrawn” type<br />

(ESC 1753; S.3928), hairlines, good EF £80<br />

MS9117 Victoria, Sixpence, 1859, 9 over 8, first young head type A1<br />

(ESC 1708A; S.3908), toned, nearly EF £60<br />

MS9124 Victoria, Sixpence, 1887, Jubilee head (ESC 1754; S.3929), about<br />

uncirculated £25<br />

MS9118 Victoria, Sixpence, 1872, second young head type A3, die number 71<br />

(ESC 1726; S.3910), surface marks, nearly EF £50<br />

MS9125 Victoria, Sixpence, 1893, old head (ESC 1762; S.3941), toned, good EF<br />

£25<br />

MS9119 Victoria, Sixpence, 1878, second young head type A3, D over B: reads<br />

DRITANNIAR, die number 6 (ESC 1735 R3; S.3910), light bag marks, a really<br />

good EF, very rare £850<br />

Glendining, 1 October 1997, lot 436<br />

MS9126 Edward VII (1901-10), matt proof Sixpence, 1902 (ESC 1786; S.3983),<br />

good EF £55<br />

MS9120 Victoria, Sixpence, 1881, third young head type A5 (ESC 1740;<br />

S.3912), EF £50<br />

Seaby, May 1981<br />

MS9127 George V (1910-36), first coinage, Sixpence, 1911 (ESC 1795; S.4014),<br />

light cabinet friction, uncirculated £35<br />

SNC, February 2001, MS0597<br />


GROATS<br />

MS9128 George V, first coinage, proof Sixpence, 1911 (ESC 1796; S.4014),<br />

toned, as struck £75<br />

SNC, August 2001, MS2282<br />

MS9129 No lot<br />

MS9136 William IV (1830-37), Groat, 1836 (ESC 1918; S.3837), good EF £50<br />

MS9137 Victoria (1837-1901), Groat, 1855, young head (ESC 1953; S.3913),<br />

about EF £30<br />


MS9130 George V, second coinage, Sixpence, 1925, new rim (ESC 1812;<br />

S.4025), good EF £25<br />

SNC, February 2001, MS0613<br />

MS9138 George III (1760-1820), Threepence, 1762, young head (ESC 2033;<br />

S.3753), colourful tone, uncirculated £85<br />

SNC, June 2003, MS5024<br />

MS9131 George V, third coinage, Sixpence, 1927 (ESC 1815; S.4034),<br />

uncirculated £35<br />

SNC, February 2001, MS0616<br />

MS9139 Victoria (1837-1901), Threepence, 1879, young head type A4<br />

(ESC 2085; S.3914C), toned, good EF £50<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong><br />

MS9132 George V, fourth coinage, proof Sixpence, 1927 (ESC 1816; S.4040),<br />

cleaned, good EF £35<br />

SNC, August 2002, MS2294<br />

MS9140 Victoria, proof Threepence, 1887, Jubilee head (ESC 2097; S.3931),<br />

toned, as struck £75<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong><br />

MS9133 George V, fourth coinage, Sixpence, 1928 (ESC 1817; S.4040),<br />

uncirculated £22<br />

MS9141 Victoria, Threepence, 1893, Jubilee head (ESC 2103 R2; S.3931),<br />

toned, almost EF, rare £125<br />

MS9134 No lot<br />

MS9142 Victoria, proof Threepence, 1893, old head (ESC 2105; S.3942), toned,<br />

as struck £85<br />

Bought <strong>Spink</strong><br />

MS9135 George VI (1936-52), proof Sixpence, 1937 (ESC 1827; S.4084),<br />

as struck £10<br />

MS9143 Victoria, Threepence, 1901, old head (ESC 2113; S.3942), good EF £25<br />

MARCH 2010 51

Irish Coins<br />

IR374 Hiberno-Norse, Phase II, Penny, 1.02g, Group A.3/h, blundered legends,<br />

as Long cross type, cross pattée on neck, cross pommée behind head, rev. no<br />

pellets in angles (DF 23; S.6125), good VF £750<br />

IR368 Hiberno-Norse, Phase I, Penny, 1.53g, Group B.2/a, in name of<br />

Aethelred II, as Long cross type of Aethelred II, Dublin mint signature,<br />

Faeremin, ÆĐELREĐ REX AIGO, rev. FÆREMIN M·O DYFLI (SCBI BM 31; DF 11;<br />

S.6106), peck marked, otherwise good VF, rare £2,000<br />

IR375 Hiberno-Norse, Phase II, Penny, 1.25g, Group A.3/c, blundered legends,<br />

as Long cross type, inverted crozier behind neck, rev. pellets in angles (SCBI<br />

BM, 74; DF 23; S.6125A), most attractively toned, almost EF, rare £1,200<br />

Bought Baldwin 2004, Ex VM Brand collection<br />

IR369 Hiberno-Norse, Phase I, Penny, 1.05g, Group B.3/a, in name of Thymn,<br />

as Long cross type of Aethelred II, Dublin mint signature, Feamien, ĐYMN<br />

ROEX MNEGMI, rev. FÆMIEN MN·O ĐIEN (SCBI BM 29; DF 9; S.6109), heavily peck<br />

marked, otherwise toned, nearly VF, very rare £1,500<br />

IR376 Hiberno-Norse, Phase III, Penny, 0.93g, Group A/b, Long cross and<br />

hands type, rev. large pellet in second quarter (SCBI BM, 96-7; DF 24;<br />

S.6132), most attractively toned, EF, rare £750<br />

Bought Baldwin 2004, Ex VM Brand collection<br />

IR370 Hiberno-Norse, Phase I, Penny, 1.13g, Group D.1/b, in name of Sihtric,<br />

as Last small cross type of Aethelred II, London mint signature, Dgdoan,<br />

SIHTRC REX DYFLIM, rev. DGDO·ANO LVNDR (SCBI BM, 55; DF 19; S.6118), peck<br />

marked, good Fine, very rare £1,500<br />

Bought Baldwin 2006, ex Russian hoard<br />

IR377 Hiberno-Norse, Phase IV, Penny, 0.82g, Scratched die issue, Group A/b,<br />

as Long cross type, pellets in front, on and behind bust, rev. hand in one<br />

angle, and pellets in others with cross scratched in one (SCBI Ulster, 313;<br />

DF 25; S.6134), toned, good VF, rare £1,000<br />

IR371 Hiberno-Norse, Phase I, Penny, 0.81g, Group E.1/a, with blundered<br />

name of Cnut, as Quatrefoil type of Cnut, blundered mint signature, NVRTEIX<br />

ANGLOBYH, rev. HEHEHHIOHEH (Blackburn BNJ 1996, IS21 obv. / HN 3 + 9 rev.;<br />

cf. DF 22; cf. S.121A), pierced, minor edge loss, otherwise toned, good VF and<br />

extremely rare £2,000<br />

Baldwin sale 31, lot 152 (described as Scandinavian imitation)<br />

A die duplicate for this piece in the Glenfaba Hoard - 105, discovered on the Isle of Man in 2003 confirms<br />

this piece as a Hiberno-Norse production from the mint at Dublin.<br />

IR378 Hiberno-Norse, Phase IV, Penny, 1.06g, Scratched die issue, Group A/b,<br />

as Long cross type, pellets in front, on and behind bust, rev. hand in one<br />

angle, and pellets in other angles with cross scratched in one (DF 25;<br />

S.6134), toned, bold VF, rare £800<br />

Bonhams, 24 February 2004, lot 105<br />

IR372 Hiberno-Norse, Phase II, Penny, 1.06g, Group A.1/a, in name of Sihtric,<br />

as Long cross type, cross behind head, Dublin mint signature, Steng?, SIHTRC<br />

REX DYFL, rev. pellets in angles, SEIIEII O DIILINR (DF 23; S.6122), toned, nearly<br />

VF £750<br />

Bonhams, 24 February 2004, lot 90<br />

IR379 Hiberno-Norse, Phase V, Penny, 0.90g, Group A/b, crude bust, derived<br />

from Long cross type, cross on neck, two pellets before face, pellet and wedge<br />

behind head, rev. opposed anchor and annulet and pellets in angles (SCBI BM<br />

157-161; DF 28; S.6138), toned, VF, rare £950<br />

IR373 Hiberno-Norse, Phase II, Penny, 0.69g, Group A.3/e, blundered obverse<br />

legend, as Long cross type, E on neck, pellet in annulet behind head,<br />

blundered Worcester mint signature, Wulfric, rev. E in 4th angle, pellets in<br />

others, PVLFRIC ON PIIHN MOIHI (SCBI BM 111; SCBI Ulster 115; DF 23;<br />

S.6126 / 6123), toned, nearly EF very rare and interesting £2,250<br />

The reverse of this coin is from a die which is imitative of a Phase I coin with a Worcester mint signature,<br />

see Hildebrand 1603, and articles by Dolley and Butler and Dolley, SNC March 1961and February 1968<br />

IR380 Hiberno-Norse, Phase V, Penny, 0.83g, Group A/i, crude bust derived<br />

from Long cross type, rev. derived from Facing bust / small cross type of<br />

Edward the Confessor with cross pattée with pellets around (cf. SCBI BM 219;<br />

DF 28/29; S.6148), weakly struck in parts, otherwise toned, nearly VF, very rare<br />

£1,250<br />

SNC February 2005, item IH0516, Ex Glendining, 24 January 1996, lot 74<br />


IR381 Hiberno-Norse, Phase V, Penny, 0.78g, Group J/b, abstract ‘Ringerike’<br />

style, rev. derived from Long cross type, with annulet, hand and pellets in<br />

angles (SCBI BM 211-214; DF 30; S.6182), weakly struck in parts, otherwise<br />

toned, nearly VF, very rare £1,250<br />

Ex Mabbot collection, Schulman, 26-28 May 1970, lot 1137 and <strong>Spink</strong> sale 191 lot 209<br />

SC0795 Alexander III, Penny, 1.46g, first coinage, type III, ‘Dun’, Walter,<br />

rev. W[ALTE]R ONDVN(SCBI 35, 110 same dies; B 60a, fig 131A, same dies;<br />

S.5043), struck off centre, weak in parts otherwise toned, about VF, scarce £275<br />

IR382 Hiberno-Norse, Phase VI, Penny, 1.14g, Group A/a, crude bust derived<br />

from Long cross type, crozier in front of bust, rev. opposed sceptres and pellets<br />

in angles (SCBI BM 232-249; DF 32; S.6187), some ghosting, good Fine, rare,<br />

very heavy for issue £600<br />

Bought Baldwin 2003, Ex VM Brand collection<br />

SC0796 Alexander III, Penny, 1.28g, first coinage, type III, Roxburgh, Adam,<br />

rev. ADAM ON RO[KESB] (SCBI 35, 129-30; B 30, fig. 136, same dies; S.5043),<br />

slightly crimped, toned, VF £225<br />

SC0797 Alexander III, cut Halfpenny, 0.65g, first coinage, type III, Dun, Walter<br />

(S.5043), toned, about VF £95<br />

IR383 Hiberno-Norse, Phase VI, Penny, 0.40g, Group A/a, crude bust derived<br />

from Long cross type, crozier in front of bust, rev. opposed sceptres and<br />

trefoils in angles (SCBI BM 241; DF 32; S.6187), a little porous, otherwise dark<br />

tone, about VF, rare £750<br />

DNW 17 March 2004, lot 797<br />

SC0798 Alexander III, Penny, 1.40g, second coinage, class Mb, REX SCOTORVM,<br />

24 points to mullets (S.5052), toned, good VF £150<br />

IR384 Hiberno-Norse, Phase VII, Double Bracteate, 0.83g, Group A/b,<br />

crude bust derived from Long cross type, rev. long cross over quatrefoil<br />

(SCBI BM 252; DF 33; S.6191), light tone, VF, very rare £2,000<br />

SNC February 2005, item IH0162, Ex Chown collection, lot 1150<br />

SC0799 John Baliol (1292-96), Penny, 1.46g, first ‘rough’ coinage, four mullets<br />

of 6 points (B 1ff, fig. 210ff; S.5065), bold VF, good portrait £350<br />

Scottish Coins<br />

SC0800 John Baliol, Halfpenny, 0.63g, second coinage, mullets in two quarters<br />

(B.1, Fig. 222; S.5074), weak on face otherwise, VF, toned, scarce £350<br />

Ex Murdoch collection, 11 May 1903, lot 41<br />

SC0792 Alexander III (1249-86), Penny, 1.25g, first coinage, type III, Aberdeen,<br />

Ion, rev. ION ON ABER (S.5043), toned, VF £250<br />

SC0801 Robert the Bruce (1306-29), Halfpenny, 0.55g, single pellet after GRA<br />

(Holmes/Stewarby -D; cf. Burns 1, fig. 227; S.5077), attractive tone, good VF<br />

with a handsome portrait, very rare £3,250<br />

Ex G. C. Drabble, part II (1188); A Distinguished Collection of Scottish Coins and Medals, <strong>Spink</strong> sale 20<br />

(118) and R. MacPherson (3976).<br />

SC0793 Alexander III, Penny, 1.36g, first coinage, type III, Perth, Ion, rev. ION ON<br />

PERTE: (S.5043), almost VF £175<br />

SC0794 Alexander III, Penny, 1.30g, first coinage, type III, Aberdeen, Alisander,<br />

rev. ALISAND ON A (S.5043), weak in parts, otherwise toned, bold VF £250<br />

SC0802 David II (1329-71), Groat, 4.17g, second coinage, class A, Edinburgh,<br />

tressure of 6 arcs, nothing in spandrels, crosslet stops, lis at end of legend,<br />

reads COTOROM (SCBI 35, 374, same obv. die ; B 15, fig.262; S.5091), good VF<br />

£375<br />

MARCH 2010 53

SC0803 David II, Groat, 4.31g, second coinage, class A4, Edinburgh, pellets in<br />

spandrels (S.5094), full flan, toned, VF, rare £400<br />

SC0809 David II, Halfgroat, 2.22g, second coinage, class A, Aberdeen, (cf. SCBI<br />

35, 401; B 6, fig. 265; S.5112), VF and very rare £800<br />

SC0804 David II, Groat, 4.16g, second coinage, class B, Edinburgh, (S.5095),<br />

attractive good very fine £400<br />

SC0810 Robert III (1390-1406), Groat, 2.47g, Heavy coinage, second issue,<br />

Edinburgh, neat bust, trefoils at cusps, pellets and annulets in spandrels<br />

(S.5167), edge split, nearly VF £250<br />

SC0811 James I (1406-37), ¡ Demy, 3.07g, type II, saltire cross, lis either side,<br />

within a fleured tressure of six arches each with a large open quatrefoil,<br />

m.m. crown (B.8, fig. 454; St.79ii; S.5190), bold VF and rare £2,750<br />

SC0805 David II, Groat, 4.14g, third coinage, Edinburgh, as second<br />

coinage class C with older bust, star behind head, rev. star between<br />

E and D of EDINBVRGH (SCBI 35, 390; B vol.I p.257; S.5123), nearly VF<br />

and very rare £650<br />

Struck to the weight standard of the second coinage<br />

SC0812 James II (1437-60), Groat, 3.30g, second coinage, first issue, Edinburgh,<br />

crowns and three pellets in alternate angles, m.m. cross (S.5231), good Fine<br />

to nearly VF for issue and very rare £650<br />

SC0806 David II, Groat, 3.46g, third coinage, as class D, Edinburgh, large head,<br />

pellet eyes, with star on sceptre, trefoils in arcs (S.5125), nearly VF £250<br />

SC0813 James II, Halfgroat, 1.73g, second coinage, second issue, Edinburgh, lis<br />

to right of crown, rev. three pellets in first and fourth quarters, crown in<br />

second and third quarters, m.m. cross fourchée on obv., crown on rev.<br />

(SCBI 35, -; B 2a, fig.551A; S.5243), two edge splits but VF and<br />

excessively rare £1,350<br />

SC0807 David II, Groat, 3.35g, third coinage, as class D, Edinburgh, large head,<br />

pellets eyes, with star on sceptre, trefoils in arcs (S.5125), toned VF £250<br />

SC0808 David II, Halfgroat,2.13g, second coinage, class A, Edinburgh (S.5105),<br />

weak in parts, otherwise toned nearly EF and rare thus £475<br />

SC0814 James III (1460-88), Groat, 2.24g, light issue of 1482, Edinburgh, small<br />

bust with low crown of five fleurs, reads EDENBEOVRGE m.m. cross fleury,<br />

(S.5280), metal flaw above crown, a handsome VF £650<br />


SC0815 James III, Groat, 1.88g, base silver issue, Edinburgh, bust half right,<br />

m.m. cross pattée (SCBI 35, 479ff; B 7, fig.578; S.5270), clear portrait, good<br />

fine and rare £650<br />

SC0822 James III, Halfgroat, 1.40g, main issue, Edinburgh, m.m. plain cross<br />

(Cf. SCBI 35, 789-90; B 10, fig.648; S.5292), nearly fine and excessively<br />

rare £380<br />

Mauchline (Ayrshire) Hoard 1971<br />

SC0816 James III, Halfgroat, 0.93g, base silver issue, Edinburgh, bust half right,<br />

m.m. cross pattée (SCBI 35, 753; B 3, fig. 585; S.5272), about fine and very<br />

rare £850<br />

SC0823 James III, Ecclesiastical Farthing, 0.54g, class II, rev. MONEPAVP, cross<br />

with crowns and mullets (SCBI 35, 805; S.5314), flan flaw on obverse,<br />

otherwise about VF and very rare £425<br />

SC0817 James III, Groat, 2.31g, light issue of 1475, Edinburgh, crown of three<br />

tall fleurs, m.m. cross pattée (B 20, fig.592; S.5274), striking split at 3 o’clock,<br />

nearly VF for issue and very rare £350<br />

SC0824 James IV (1488-1531), Groat, 2.39g, light coinage, Edinburgh, stars by<br />

neck, IIII at end of legend, m.m. crown on obv. only (SCBI 35, 851; B 15a,<br />

fig.675A; S.5342), good VF and rare £1,250<br />

SC0818 James III, Halfgroat, 1.07g, light issue of 1475, Berwick, crown of<br />

three tall fleurs, rev. pellets in first and fourth, mullets in second and third<br />

quarters, m.m. cross pattée (SCBI 35, -; B 5, fig.594; S.5278), dark tone,<br />

slightly creased fine and extremely rare £1,100<br />

SC0825 James IV, billon Penny, 0.42g, Edinburgh, first issue, facing crowned<br />

bust, annulets by neck, rev. long cross, pellets in angles (B.2, fig 655;<br />

S.5357), nearly VF for issue, scarce £160<br />

SC0819 James III, Halfgroat, 1.08g, light issue of c. 1467, Edinburgh, saltires by<br />

neck, pellets with extra saltire in second and third quarters, m.m. cross<br />

(SCBI 35, -; B -; S.5268), ragged edge, about fine, excessively rare - one of only<br />

two known £1,350<br />

SC0826 James V (1513-42), ¡ Crown, 3.44g, second coinage, type III, crowned<br />

arms, rounded base to shield, rev. cross fleury, thistles in angles, trefoil stops,<br />

m.m. star / crown (B.6; S.5370), good VF £5,250<br />

SC0820 No lot<br />

SC0827 James V, Groat, 2.50g, second coinage, type III, Edinburgh, open<br />

mantle, OPPIDV EDINBVRGI (S.5378), attractive portrait, bold VF £575<br />

SC0821 James III, Groat, 2.86g, main issue, Edinburgh, bust half-left, annulet<br />

on inner circle before face, m.m. cross fleury (S.5287), slightly double struck,<br />

otherwise on a full flan, about VF £850<br />

MARCH 2010 55

SC0828 James V, One-third Groat, 0.74g, second coinage, type IV (S.5380),<br />

about VF and very rare £750<br />

Ex: ‘Ridgemount’ collection; <strong>Spink</strong> sale 69, 20 April 1989, lot 255.<br />

SC0834 James VI, after Accession, ¡ Unit, 9.94g, Tenth coinage, Scottish arms<br />

in 1st and 4th quarters, m.m. thistle (St. p. 155, XVI/204; S.5464), graffiti<br />

before Kings face, slightly buckled otherwise about VF and rare £1,750<br />

SC0829 Mary (1542-67), Two-Thirds of Ryal, 20.30g, fourth period with Henry<br />

Darnley, crowned shield, rev. tortoise climbing a palm tree, EXVRGAT legend<br />

(S.5426), sometime cleaned but good very fine and rare thus £1,100<br />

SC0835 James VI, before Accession to English Throne, Twenty Shillings, 14.50g,<br />

1582, Fourth coinage (S.5489), an attractive bold VF and scarce thus £1,450<br />

SC0830 Mary, Testoon, 6.00g, 1558, first period before marriage, type IIIb,<br />

interior of crown above shield hatched, no annulets, m.m. crown on rev. only<br />

(B27; S.5406), good VF £700<br />

SC0836 James VI, before Accession, Balance Half-Merk, 4.34g, 1591, Sixth<br />

coinage (B 1, fig.937; S.5491), toned, VF £675<br />

SC0831 Mary, Bawbee, 1.59g, first period, Stirling (SCBI 58, 450-1; S.5434),<br />

about VF, scarce £275<br />

SC0837 James VI, after Accession, Eightpenny Billon Groat, 2.65g, crowned<br />

shield, rev. crowned thistle, no inner circle (S.5511), good VF or better and rare<br />

thus £195<br />

SC0832 Mary, ‘Nonsunt’ Groat, 1.86g, second period, 1559, left facing dolphin<br />

(SCBI 35, 1106-8; B 8, fig.891; S.5448), nearly VF £200<br />

SC0838 Charles I (1625-49), ¡ Half-Unit, 4.91g, Third coinage, Briot’s issue,<br />

King wears English crown (S.5534), softness of strike at centre, otherwise a<br />

lustrous EF and rare £4,250<br />

SC0833 James VI (1567-1625), before Accession to English Throne, Sword and<br />

Sceptre piece, 4.84g, 1602, Eighth coinage (S.5460), VF £1,750<br />


Islamic Coins<br />

I0808 Umayyad, temp. ‘Abd al-Malik (685-705), ¡ Dinar, 4.27g, AH84, mintless<br />

type (Damascus) (Walker 194; A.125), small oberse die crack at 10 o’clock,<br />

otherwise EF £385<br />

I0815 Umayyad, temp. Sulayman (715-17), ¡ Dinar, 4.22g, AH98, mintless<br />

type (Damascus), (Walker 213; A.130), good VF £425<br />

I0809 Umayyad, temp. al-Walid I (705-15), ¡ Dinar, 4.25g, AH87, mintless<br />

type (Damascus) (A.127), obverse a little dirty, EF £385<br />

I0816 Umayyad, temp. Hisham (724-43), ¡ Dinar, 4.15g, AH111, mintless type<br />

(Damascus) (Walker 231; A.136), EF £425<br />

I0810 Umayyad, temp. al-Walid I, ¡ Dinar, 4.24g, AH88, mintless type<br />

(Damascus) (Walker 199; A.127), EF £425<br />

I0817 Umayyad, temp. Marwan II (744-750), ¡ Dinar, 4.22g, AH132, mintless<br />

type (Damascus) (A.141), about VF, rare £5,000<br />

This is the last date for the Umayyad series<br />

I0811 Umayyad, temp. al-Walid I, ¡ Dinar, 4.24g, AH91, mintless type<br />

(Damscus), (Walker 202; A.127), small edge nick at top of reverse edge,<br />

good VF £325<br />

I0818 Spanish Umayyad, Hisham II (first reign 976-1009), ¡ Dinar, 4.02g,<br />

Al-Andalus, AH393 (Miles, Spain 324e; Album 353.1), about EF,<br />

scarce £2,400<br />

I0812 Umayyad, temp. al-Walid I, ¡ Dinar, 4.27g, AH92, mintless type<br />

(Damscus), (Walker 204; A.127), about EF £425<br />

I0819 Murabitid (Almoravid), ‘Ali bin Yusuf (1106-42), ¡ Dinar, 3.96g,<br />

Al-Mariya (Almeria), AH517, no heir cited (Hazard 285; A.466), edge slightly<br />

damaged at 9 o’clock, VF £950<br />

I0813 Umayyad, temp. al-Walid I, ¡ Dinar, 4.27g, AH95, mintless type<br />

(Damascus), (Walker 209; A.127), small scratch on reverse at 12 o’clock, about<br />

EF £415<br />

I0820 Murabitid (Almoravid), ‘Ali bin Yusuf (1106-42), ¡ Dinar, 4.17g,<br />

Al-Mariya (Almeria), AH532, naming heir below obverse (Hazard 359;<br />

Album 466), about EF £1,400<br />

I0814 Umayyad, temp. al-Walid I, ¡ Dinar, 4.24g, AH96, mintless type<br />

(Damscus), (Walker 210; A.127), good VF £400<br />

I0821 Murabitid (Almoravid), ‘Ali bin Yusuf (1106-42), ¡ Dinar, 4.14g,<br />

Al-Mariya (Almeria), AH537 naming Tashfin as heir below obverse (Hazard<br />

403; Album 466), obverse struck from rusty dies, otherwise about EF £1,000<br />

MARCH 2010 57

I0822 Muwahhid (Almohad), Abu Muhammad ‘Abd Al-Mumin (1130-63),<br />

¡ 1 ⁄ 2-Dinar, 2.29g, no mint or date (Hazard 466; A.478), about VF £145<br />

I0828 Afghanistan, Durrani, Ahmad Shah (1735-72), ¡ Mohur, 10.88g,<br />

Shahjahanabad, AH(11)74, ry.14 (KM.766), good VF £625<br />

I0823 Muwahhid (Almohad), Abu Yusuf Ya’qub (1184-99), ¡ Dinar, 4.65g, no<br />

mint or date (Hazard 501; A.484), EF £600<br />

I0829 Afghanistan, Durrani, Mahmud Shah (second reign 1808-17), Rupee,<br />

Peshawar, AH1232, ry.9 (KM.728), good VF, attractive toning £75<br />

I0824 Muwahhid (Almohad), Abu Hafs ‘Umar (1248-66), ¡ Dinar, 4.65g, no<br />

mint or date (Hazard 533; A.491), VF £425<br />

I0830 Uzbekistan, Bukhara, Nasrullah (1826-60), ¡ Tilla, 4.55g, Bukhara,<br />

AH1265 (KM.65), about VF £235<br />

I0825 Mughal Empire, Babur (1526-30), Shahrukhi, mintless type, Kabul<br />

(Rahman 60), good F £145<br />

I0831 Iran, Qajar Dynasty, Fath ‘Ali Shah, (1797-1834), ¡ Toman, 4.60g,<br />

Dar el-Ibadat (Abode of Piety) Yazd, AH1233, type W (KM.753), EF £275<br />

I0826 Mughal Empire, Aurangzeb (1658-1707), ¡ Mohur, 10.92g,<br />

Aurangabad, AH1099, ry.31, mint in lower part of reverse (KM.315.11),<br />

good F/F £275<br />

I0832 Iran, Qajar Dynasty, Fath ‘Ali Shah, ¡ Toman, 4.59g, Dar el-Ibadat<br />

(Abode of Piety) Yazd, AH1235, type W (KM.753), some peripheral weakness,<br />

good VF £265<br />

I0827 Mughal Empire, Aurangzeb (1658-1707), Rupee, Kabul, ry.34<br />

(KM.300.45), VF £35<br />

I0833 Iran, Afsharid, Nadir Shah (1736-47), Rupi, Moqadas Mashhad, AH1155<br />

(KM.385.7), VF £55<br />


ANCIENT, englISh AND foreign coins<br />

and commemorative medals<br />


Hooray! Your file is uploaded and ready to be published.

Saved successfully!

Ooh no, something went wrong!