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UNICEF SUDAN

October 2006 Monthly Report


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Table of Contents

Humanitarian, Political and Security Update... 3

Darfur Overview 3

Southern Sudan Overview 4

Highlighted Issue… 4

Darfur Nutrition Survey 4

Programme Updates … 7

Health Update 7

Water and Sanitation 9

Education 10

Child Protection 11

HIV and AIDS 14

EPR 14

Funding Overview—significant detail has been

added to the funding overview for October. For this

month only, it will be sent as a separate file. If you

have not received this file with your soft copy of the

monthly report, please contact Christy Dow Murray

on cdmurray@unicef.org

This report is created to provide an overview of

UNICEF actions in Sudan during the month. It

covers operations throughout the country and

focuses on themes and programmes. It does not

report on every activity undertaken but rather provides

an overview of key developments during the

month.


Security and Political Overview...

3

Darfur Overview

Report from the UN Human Rights Commissioner

During October, it was reported that up to 1,000 armed

militia from the Habbania Arab tribe carried out a series

of attacks on some 45 villages in the Buram locality in

South Darfur in late August. The United Nations High

Commissioner for Human Rights issued details of the

violence in a public report on 6 October. The attacks

seemed to be targeting civilians from tribes of ethnic

African origin (the Zaghawa, Massalit and Misserya

Jebel tribes) and included burning of villages, looting

and forced displacement. The report also states that

the attacks appear to have been conducted with the

knowledge and material support of another organised

military group, but this is unconfirmed. The death toll is

estimated to be as high as several hundred civilians.

The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

is urging Sudan’s Government of National Unity

(GoNU) to establish an independent national inquiry to

investigate the events in the area of Buram, and bring

to justice those responsible for conducting the attacks.

It also recommends that the African Union Mission in

Sudan engages with the GoNU to deploy protection

forces in the area and establish minimum security conditions

for the return of civilians.

New IDPs in Ottash

Following the attacks and displacement in 47 villages in

Buram, South Darfur, UNICEF and partners have been

supporting separated and affected children and

women. Among the thousands of people fleeing the

violence have been many children separated from their

parents. Scores of other children are reported missing.

This displacement has been one of the worst cases of

family separation reported in Darfur. Most villagers who

fled the violence in Buram headed to Ottash Camp,

where the number of new arrivals was estimated to be

11,000 people. The head sheik of Elamood Elakhar

reported that there were still 400 missing persons,

mostly children and women. UNICEF has been responding

to the emergency with Government and NGO

partners. Specifically:

• UNICEF is coordinating and monitoring support for

the newly arrived children in Ottash camp with a

special focus on unaccompanied and separated

children. UNICEF and a local NGO have established

a temporary care centre, with food being

provided by the International Committee for the

Red Crescent (ICRC) and daily health checks conducted

by a medical team from the International

Rescue Committee (IRC). ICRC is processing information

for family tracing.

• UNICEF, the Government of Sudan Water Agency

(WES) and CARE provided 98,000 litres of water

daily through water tankering for two weeks while a

new well was drilled. A submersible pump has now

been fitted, along with 400 metres of pipeline and

24 distribution taps. Hygiene promotion campaigns

are ongoing and UNICEF and WES have constructed

latrines and bathing facilities to alleviate

the strain on existing facilities.

• Toward informed and appropriate nutrition interventions,

a rapid screening of under-five children has

been supported by UNICEF, with results showing

high levels of malnutrition: GAM is at 25% and

SAM at 4%. UNICEF and partners – World Vision

and Action Contre le Faim – are responding with

therapeutic and supplementary feeding programmes,

in addition to a blanket feeding programme

for 3,145 children with BP5 biscuits donated

by MSF-Holland.

• World Vision, Humedica and IRC are delivering

health services. UNICEF provided a tent for World

Vision to establish an additional mobile clinic.

Humanitarian access

While several of the rebel factions are militarily united

under the National Redemption Front, (NRF) control of

land and access is still fragmented, making humanitarian

access difficult. Access is being prevented at check

points and humanitarian agencies are accessing these

areas by helicopter – road travel being too dangerous –

which is causing low coverage. Some humanitarian

project activities in NRF/G19-controlled areas have

ceased altogether. Vehicles belonging to Humedica,

Samaritan’s Purse, GOAL and MedAir have been hijacked

or looted this month. The Spanish Red Cross

has withdrawn international staff from Kassab camp

due to security problems inside and outside the camp.

Following reports of gunfire exchange and loud explosions

in Kulbus – including an aerial bombing that

narrowly missed the AMIS group site – UNDSS coordinated

the evacuation of the 18 staff from NGOs

operating in Kulbus – COSV, CRS and CONCERN –

with WFP and UNMIS. Movement is becoming increasingly

restricted and with a paucity of humanitarian

leadership from the National Redemption Front, all

agencies are having difficulties negotiating access to

reach vulnerable populations, including newly displaced

people.

Additional information on programme response can be found in the programme updates.


Security and Political Update/ Highlighted Issue...

4

Southern Sudan Overview

Southern Sudan was relatively peaceful during the

month of October. Areas around Rumbek in Lakes

State remained calm during the month following a

fractious September although the Akot–Yirol road remained

at ‘Level 3’. There was however a visible army

presence in Rumbek Central, Rumbek East and Rumbek

North this month as the authorities pursued the

murderers of the Chief of Akot and disarmed civilians.

There was, however, an outburst of violence in areas

east and southeast of Juba in the form of numerous

road attacks mostly on civilians traveling the Juba–

Nimule and the Juba–Torit roads during the month. The

attacks are thought to be the actions of an ‘other armed

group’, possibly one with prior or current significant

links with the Sudan Armed Forces. A 48 hour ban was

placed on the Juba–Torit, Juba–Nimule, Juba–

Mongalla and Nimule–Labone roads following two

such attacks on 18 October. On the same day an attack

was made on Gumbo town across the river from

Juba town, in which four people were killed.

The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) peace talks continued

despite reports that the Government of Uganda

delegation lodged an official protest over the alleged

killing of a UPDF officer by the LRA on 17 October.

However negotiations led to a signing of a ‘Addendum

One of the Cessation of Hostilities’ on 1 November.

This meant that if plans were successful, the first assembly

of the LRA at Owiny Ki-Bul and Rikwangba

could take place. President Musveni of Uganda arrived

in Juba to meet the participants of the peace talks on

21 October.

In other news, the President of Southern Sudan released

a decree at the end of October suspending the

Undersecretary of Finance and the Undersecretary of

Economic Planning as well as several directors of the

Ministry of Finance, on charges of corruption.

An Eastern Equatoria Mine Action mine survey report

reported that out of 400 communities only 43 communities

are mine affected in the state.

Highlighted Issue—Nutrition Survey

Darfur Food Security and Nutrition Survey

Preliminary results of the 2006 Darfur-wide Food Security

and Nutrition Assessment were released on 19 October.

Despite the deteriorating security situation in

Darfur, the assessment has found that overall malnutrition

levels have mostly stabilised this year and food

insecurity has improved slightly. In addition, the Crude

Mortality Rate dropped for

the third year running, but

insecurity and lack of access

continues to affect

service delivery. This survey

was undertaken jointly

by UNICEF, WFP and FAO

in partnership with the Ministry

of Health and Ministry

of Agriculture and with technical

support from CDC.

The nutrition

situation in Darfur

continues to be

stable thanks to the

ongoing aid effort,

but highly vulnerable

areas and

groups remain.

Field work was carried out from 2-22 September 2006.

It was a cluster survey following the same methodology

as an assessment done in 2005.

Between IDPs and residents there was no significant

difference in acute malnutrition rates although it was

higher in non-IDPs (15.1%) than in IDPs (11.6%). Further

analysis of the data is ongoing to investigate possible

reasons for this, which are likely to be non-food

related particularly as the nutrition data does not seem

to reflect the food security findings very closely.

The survey did show that there is a significantly higher

rate of malnutrition amongst younger children (6-29

months) than amongst older children. Amongst 6-29

months the GAM was 17.4% and SAM was 3.1%

whereas amongst children 30-59 months, GAM was

9.6% and SAM was 1.1%. The reasons for this pattern

are not clear but given the high rate of breastfeeding for

infants under six months (95%) and many anecdotal

reports of abrupt cessation of breastfeeding when the

mother falls pregnant or becomes ill, it is likely to be

associated with poor weaning and complementary

feeding practices.


Highlighted Issue…

5

South Darfur survey findings

In South Darfur, the survey found that the rates of malnutrition

had hardly changed at all from 2005, now

standing at GAM 12.6% and SAM 1.9%. South Darfur

had a slightly increased proportion (50%) of severely

food insecure families compared to last year

(41%) and the lowest number of livestock per household

of the three states. Land cultivated was similar

to last year and the rains have been generally better,

so there is hope for a similar harvest to last year.

North Darfur, but ownership of a kitchen garden was

the lowest at 28%. Reliance on food aid and expenditure

on food improved from 2005, but overall,

nearly 60% of households remain moderately or severely

food insecure in North Darfur. This is reflected

in the continued high level of malnutrition.

West Darfur survey findings

West Darfur continues to have the lowest acute malnutrition

rates of the three states, at 10.5% GAM and

1.4% SAM. The survey also found that the proportion

of IDPs living in camps has increased since last

year (38% to 52%) and that the proportion of severely

food insecure families has also increased,

from 48% to 57%. The increase in malnutrition may

reflect this. In addition, West Darfur had the worst

food consumption patterns and lowest acreage

planted per household of the three states. However

the proportion of families with a home/kitchen garden

was the highest at 49.5%.

North Darfur survey findings

The Darfur-wide survey found that the prevalence of

acute malnutrition was the highest in North Darfur

(GAM 16.0%, SAM 2.5%) and is above the emergency

cut-off of 15% GAM. North Darfur has always

had the higher malnutrition rates owing to its very

scattered population, highly desertified landscape

and low access to health and other services. Acreage

planted and livestock owned was the highest in

KEY FINDINGS

• Preliminary results from the September 2006 Darfur-wide Emergency Food Security and

Nutrition Assessment show that in general the situation has been maintained at a similar level

to last year.

• Overall GAM rose from 11.9% in 2005 to 13.1% in 2006 and SAM from 1.4% in 2005 to 2.0%

in 2006, neither of which are statistically significant differences. North Darfur continues to have

a GAM of 16% which is above the emergency cut-off of 15%.

• Admissions to feeding centres (SFC and TFC) have fallen which is in line with seasonal

trends as the rainy season come to an end.

• Availability of selective feeding centres has halved over the past year. Insecurity in all three

states has forced several NGOs to suspend programmes recently.

• Three localised nutrition surveys have been carried-out which all found GAM of 15% or

higher, highlighting that patches of high malnutrition still exist across Darfur.

• Vitamin A supplementation was found to be low at just 35% in the Darfur survey but this will

be addressed during the next Polio NID in early November.


Highlighted Issue…

6

Darfur Food Security and Nutrition Survey – Map

▲ Site covered

■ Site inaccessible

Selective Feeding Centre Data

Over the three months from July-September the admissions to both supplementary and therapeutic feeding centres

declined across Darfur as a whole; an expected development, which follows the trend of the last 2 years, although

the absolute numbers are smaller than at the same time in 2004 and 2005. This is the peak agricultural

season and it is common for families who do have access to their land to spend several weeks planting/weeding

and tending their young crops. At the same time, the rains often make it much more difficult for people to travel to

the centres, as well as for agencies to get to the centres to run the programmes. Also the security situation has

been such that NGOs and other humanitarian agencies have been compelled to suspend operations altogether.

2000

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Therapeutic Feeding Centre Admissions, Greater Darfur

Sept 04 - Sept 06

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Graph 3: TFC Admissions, Darfur, Sept 04 – Sept

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Supplementary Feeding Centre Admissions,

Greater Darfur, Sept 04- Sept 06

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Graph 2: SFC admissions, Darfur Sept 04 – Sept 06


Health Update…

7

Improving the cold chain for immunization

The beginning of October saw a significant boost for

routine immunization and special immunization campaigns

like the Mass Measles Campaign in Southern

Sudan with the opening of a cold chain store in Juba.

This will mean greatly improved access for health workers

to highly temperature-sensitive vaccines.

The two walk-in cold rooms, maintained using two 20

KVA back-up generators, have the capacity for storing

4.7 million doses of vaccines. An additional 14 deep

freezers and ice lined refrigerators have the capacity of

storing about seven million vaccines, thus the capital of

Southern Sudan now has the capacity for the storage

of over 11 million vaccines at any one time. In addition

to the equipment, UNICEF has also made available

vaccine equipment that can be accessed easily from

Juba by all ministries and partners implementing the

Emergency Programme on Immunization (EPI) inside

Southern Sudan.

October saw an impressive increase in the number of

children immunized in routine EPI in Southern Sudan.

Despite the reporting rate from partners remaining low

(58%) the immunization of children less than one year

of age with DPT3 has for the first time in five years

crossed the 40,000 mark so far in 2006. Currently

standing at 42,401, the figure is already higher than the

cumulative figure for 2005 (at a reporting rate of 86%).

It is estimated that some 15 – 20% of this increase is

the result of UNICEF Southern Sudan’s access to former

garrison towns but that the most significant factor

is related to improvements in the EPI process.

80000

70000

60000

50000

40000

30000

20000

10000

0

Routine EPI Children Under 1 Yr DPT1/DPT3 Jan - Sep 2001-2006

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

DPT1

In North Sudan, UNICEF sponsored the acceleration

of routine immunisation activities in some areas in

North and West Darfur. Mobile teams travelled into under-served

areas to administer the routine vaccine to

under-five children. About 209,000 in North Darfur and

130,000 in West Darfur

Mass Measles Campaign

In order to prepare for the post-rainy season restart of

the Southern Sudan-wide Mass Measles Campaign

(MMC) in Wau, sensitization meetings were held with

the Baggari paramount chief and sub-chiefs in Wau

South administrative unit. The Minister of Information

also pledged full support for the MMC and as part of a

public awareness campaign information about the

MMC was aired on local radio and television. Due to

ongoing rains and the Polio National Immunization

Days (NIDs), the start date of the MMC in Wau was

moved to 10 November, quickly following the NIDs (see

below for more information on this). Vaccination in

Malakal will begin on 11 November.

Meanwhile in Upper Nile State a time schedule for

Malakal and Panyikang Counties has been completed

and advocacy meetings at state and county levels are

ongoing. The new UNMIS Mirror FM is currently taking

on the challenge to reach everyone in Upper Nile State

with key messages in Nuer, Shilluk, Dinka, Arabic and

English languages.

Both Malakal and Wau cold chains are full of vaccines,

and all other necessary supplies are on the ground to

vaccinate 145,230 and 60,724 children respectively in

the two counties. Implementation planning activities are

also taking place in earnest in Magwi County (Eastern

Equatoria State), Koch County (Unity State), and Yambio

County (Western Equatoria State). In total, the

MMC aims to immunize 500,000 children in these five

counties. Micro plans are also ready for nine other

counties.

During 2007 in a few counties selected

in order to have the biggest impact –

Wau, Jur River and Raja (of Western

Bahr el Ghaza), Malakal and Renk (in

Upper Nile), Tonj (Warrap State) and

Yei (Central Equatoria State) – the

MMC teams will also be giving tetanus

toxoid (TT) vaccines to women of child

bearing age as well as the measles

vaccine to children between the ages of

six months and 15 years.

Other women in Southern Sudan will

receive the vaccine through routine EPI

services. Training of four master trainers

from the Upper Nile State Ministry

of Health has been completed and 18 trainers of trainers

from five payams in Malakal are undergoing training.

Also within Malakal County, social mobilization

sensitization meeting at county level has been conducted

bearing the additional vaccine in mind. Fortyeight

community leaders, women groups, traders and

youth leaders participated in the training.


Health Update...

8

Preparation to support Polio National Immunisation

Days

The Government Ministries of Health, UNICEF and

WHO together with partners share the challenges of

immunizing children through Sudan against polio and

maintaining the country’s current polio-free status. In

Southern Sudan, the third and fourth National Immunisation

Days (NIDs) of the year will be held between

November 6 to 9 and December 10 to 13 respectively.

At the end of October, 3.1 million vaccines had been

purchased by UNICEF and distributed to hubs within

Southern Sudan. Around 2.25 million vitamin A capsules

are will be distributed alongside the vaccine, to

add to the 32,441 capsules given out in routine EPI and

1.8 million in previous NIDs this year. In order to support

the social awareness campaign, 20,000 t-shirts

and 5,000 posters have been printed for distribution

and have been sent to states. Distribution of these materials

from state hubs will be done largely though the

EPI network; each state now has a social mobilization

plan following the UNICEF-supported training earlier

this year. During the NIDs, all 19 MMC cars will be in

use as well as the UNICEF-supported cold chains. All

the MMC teams were active in taking part in preparations.

In collaboration with the Western Equatoria State Ministry

of Health and WHO, UNICEF supported a social

mobilization meeting in Yambio with community leaders,

women groups and leaders. In Juba UNICEF is

supporting the MOH with providing information about

the Polio NIDs through the media and through faith

based and other organizations.

In North Sudan, The 15 th round of Polio National Immunisation

Days in November are targeting 6,173,159

under five children in North Sudan. Cold chain items,

including solar fridges, freezers and cold boxes were

delivered to North and South Kordofan, Kassala and

Darfur.

Supporting primary health care

Also in Southern Sudan, a total of 62 primary healthcare

unit (PHCU) kits were distributed during October

in Warrap, Lakes, Upper Nile, Unity and Central Equatoria

States, serving up to 186,000 people. In Warrap

State, the state Ministry of Health (MOH) also received

1,000 long lasting mosquito nets to serve around 3,000

mothers and children. Plans are now in place for UNI-

CEF partners on the ground to distribute PHCU kits for

some 65,000 people in Magwi, Eastern Equatoria, one

of the areas worst hit over the past years by the presence

of the LRA.

In Darfur, North Sudan, UNICEF and partners distributed

30,000 long-lasting insecticide-treated bed nets

and new malaria protocol courses to enhance malaria

control. A further 138,000 nets were distributed to malaria-endemic

areas in the rest of North Sudan.

Supporting efforts against meningitis outbreak

UNICEF provided non-food items (NFIs), including

blankets and plastic sheets for internally displaced persons

(IDPs) in Baryar IDP camp near Wau, Southern

Sudan, where eight people died out of 18 cases of

meningitis reported by the end of the month. A MMC

vehicle was made available to the Western Bahr el

Ghazal State Ministry of Health for surveillance purposes.

WHO is currently vaccinating the IDP population

in the camp and neighboring camps and UNICEF has

also provided syringes and other materials for 22,000

vaccines. IDP camps are typical of the kind of environments

where meningitis is easily spread as many people

are living together in confined areas.The potentially

fatal disease is an infection of the meninges, the thin

lining that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord. Several

different bacteria can cause meningitis. The bacteria

are transmitted from person to person through droplets

of respiratory or throat secretions.

Safe Motherhood Initiative

In Yambio, Western Equatoria State of Southern

Sudan, four midwives were given training, including on

management of complicated deliveries, through a partnership

between the state ministry of health and

UNICEF.

UNICEF supports three health facilities in Lakes State

as part of the Safe Motherhood Initiative (SMI). Two of

these offer focused antenatal care (ANC) and HIV/

AIDS routine testing and counseling (RTC) and the

Rumbek Regional Hospital staff also deliver babies.

During the January to September period 298 mothers

delivered in the hospital. Over 3,000 clients, in the

three facilities, were given RTC.

Yellow Fever Vaccination

A yellow fever immunization campaign, in North

Sudan, targeting at-risk populations above nine months

of age in four localities of North Kordofan state, was

concluded this month. With UNICEF support, 781,398

people were vaccinated, including 3,700 among

Shanabla nomads.


Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Update… 9

North Darfur achievements

With violence affecting and displacing thousands of

people in Darfur, existing camps have been accommodating

new arrivals. In sanitation, WES supported IDPs

to construct 168 new communal latrines in Abassi

camp in Mellit town and Zamzam camp for new arrivals.

In collaboration with community-based volunteers,

WES mobilized communities to carry out 4 hygiene

campaigns, conducted 852 household visits targeting

AWD/Cholera prevention and control and facilitated

garbage disposal for 29,604 households. Over the last

month UNIEF has been moving trucks with soap into

the three Darfur states to continue with cholera prevention

and replenish stocks reduced by the cholera response.

This month, 738,675 bars of soap were distributed

through OXFAM and WES in Abu Shouk, Al

Salam, Shangli Tobayi and Zamzam. In Kassab camp,

the focus was on vector control, with UNICEF, Ministry

of Health and WHO collaborating to ensure 3,636

households were sprayed.

North Sudan: WASH in brief

During October 2006, UNICEF has supported –in cooperation

with government and NGOs- the achievement

of the following results:

• Access to safe drinking water opened for 10,500

IDPs, returnees and rural villagers through the establishment

and the rehabilitation of 42 hand

pumps.

• Construction of 379 household/communal latrines

and 9 school latrines enabled new access to sanitary

means of excreta disposal increased for 8,500

IDPs, returnees and vulnerable rural population

including 3,600 school students in 9 schools.

• System sustainability promoted through building

the community technical/managerial capacities by

the training of 460 members on water sources

O&M, water chlorination and latrine construction.

• 24,000 IDPs, returnees and vulnerable rural population

reached with the hygiene messages through

the training of 1,200 community hygiene promoters

– VHC members, women and youth groups and

school children – and conducting 3,000 household

visits and 8 hygienecampaigns.

Policy making in Southern Sudan

A two-day coordination meeting was held in Yambio

with UNICEF support for the whole of Western Equatoria

State. The meeting was attended by representatives

from all counties as well as Rural Water Development

(RWD) inspectors and representatives from NGOs and

CBOs. Emerging issues included improving institutional

structures, policy and planning for increasing water

supply for communities across the state and planning

for emergency preparedness.

Importantly, a more detailed and efficient structure for

the state Rural Water Department was decided upon.

The Rural Water Department (RWD) is a government

led initiative run through the Ministry for Cooperation

and Rural Development (MCRD), UNICEF WASH’s

primary partner. Through the planning work in Yambio,

a state to county, payam, boma, village structure was

decided upon, identifying key positions and functions.

Communities served with a new borehole, for example,

have responsibilities for the maintenance of the borehole,

and the RWD will work to help them with this, organizing

access to spare parts and doing major repair

work.

This meeting in Yambio was followed by the Southern

Sudan-wide meeting in Rumbek, supported by UNICEF

but chaired by MCRD representatives. During this

meeting progress for 2006 was noted and plans for

2007 made. The participants at the meeting agreed to

utilize the structures designed at the Yambio meeting

for the RWD across the ten states of Southern Sudan.

Providing access to safe drinking water

The Government Rural Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

(RWASH) Department and International Rescue Committee

(IRC) completed the installation of a motorized

pump water supply system that is equipped with an

elevated metallic reservoir that holds up to 50,000 litres.

The supply reticulation system benefits an estimated

returnee and host population of 7,000 of

Bussere payam, Wau County, including the clinic,

school. The system was opened by the Governor of

Western Bahr el Ghazal State. A community mobilisation

and assessment of proposed drilling sites was undertaken

in Warrap State this month, which will assist

in the fast resumption of drilling with the onset of the

dry season. Serving 2,500 people at least, five new

boreholes were successfully drilled and equipped with

hand pumps in Lakes State. Two of these were drilled

in schools in Yirol County as part of the ‘Go to School’

initiative in Southern Sudan.

Operation and Maintenance

During the month of October, 74 boreholes were reported

repaired and seven new platforms built in

Southern Sudan. These will improve or restore water

for around 40,500 people. Two hand-dug wells were

also protected in Rumbek Central. Twelve boreholes

have been identified in the Fashoda area of Upper Nile

State to be repaired following a UNICEF-supported

assessment by the SRRC.

Three WASH teams with Technicians from the RWD of

Juba and Torit under the leadership of UNICEF returned

from mission in LRA affected areas of Magwi

County, Eastern Equatoria. During the 13 days spent

on the ground, 37 boreholes were visited and 11 repaired.

Fifty latrine slabs were also distributed and 22

households have already installed latrines.


Education Update… 10

During the month, five latrines were built in schools to

serve some 250 students and 24 in public places to

serve 600 people in Southern Sudan. Also during the

period, 83 hand washing facilities were distributed to

schools and health centres in Mundri West County in

Western Equatoria. During the same time frame, 85

concrete slabs were fabricated and distributed to communities

in the same area.

Meanwhile, in October twenty-nine water points were

analyzed for bacteria in Lakes State. Over 2,000 people

benefited from the delivery of PHAST messages in

four states of Southern Sudan.

Education

North Sudan Education Baseline Survey

The first-ever North Sudan Education Baseline Survey

was officially launched in Khartoum on 15-16 October.

The two-day launching workshop was attended by sixty

directors from the Planning, Girls’, Nomadic and General

Basic Education Departments of the State Ministries

of Education. A key result of the workshop was the

finalization of the baseline survey questionnaire, incorporating

inputs from the participants. Data will be collected

from December this year through February 2007

from a random 15% sample of the 10,482 basic education

schools in all states in North Sudan, excluding Darfur.

Results of the survey will be used to assist policy

makers at the federal and state level for planning purposes.

The survey will provide basic demographic

school data as well as information on economic, social,

cultural and religious factors affecting the provision of

basic education. In preparation for the survey, twentytwo

master trainers have been trained in-depth on statistics,

survey sampling, sampling errors, data collection

methods and using computers for data input and

analysis. The master trainers will train data collectors at

the state level.

Nomadic Education

UNICEF Sudan continued to reach-out to nomadic

communities in October. Five nomadic communities in

Sennar used UNICEF-provided straw and brick materials

to construct 5 schools of two classrooms each, enabling

800 nomadic children to attend school for the very

first time. This initiative is bringing the total number of

nomadic children attending basic education in Sennar

to 6,233 children out of a total of 22,924 nomadic children

in the State. Meanwhile, Parent Teacher Committees

(PTC) in the five new schools and ten PTCs in

previously established schools in West Darfur were

trained on Child Friendly School management, hygiene

promotion and HIV/AIDS prevention. In 10 nomadic

communities from Sennar, 800 children, adolescents

and adults participated in one-day HIV/AIDS prevention

awareness raising sessions conducted by the Sudan

National AIDS Programme. In a step to improving community

capacity, school hygiene education committees

have been established in 12 nomadic communities in

Northern State and 15 in Sennar state. The committees,

comprising children, teachers, and community

leaders, were trained on basic hygiene education and

how to broadcast the information and monitor handwashing

and sanitation facilities – soap, water containers

and pit latrines – provided to the 27 communities.

RALS

Following the launch of the ten Southern Sudan state

maps in September, the Rapid Assessment of Learning

Spaces (RALS) exercise was wrapped up in October.

Ministry of Education, Science and Technology

(MoEST) teams trained in data collection techniques

and the Global Positioning System (GPS) surveyed a

total of 2,922 learning spaces in the ten states of

Southern Sudan. The teams assessed a range of learning

spaces, including MoEST schools, community

schools, Community Girls’ Schools, Accelerated Learning

Programmes, literacy programmes, secondary

schools, and adult education institutions.

Key findings include:

• A total of 758,207 students are attending 2,922

learning spaces. Of these students, 700,448 are

enrolled in primary-level education, including

236,434 girls and 464,014 boys. Girls therefore

constitute 34 per cent of the total number of primary-level

students.

• The total number of teachers in the learning spaces

assessed was found to be 17,920. Only 14%

(2,423) of these are women, most of whom are

teaching in urban areas.

• A total of 94,841 children in primary-level learning

spaces, or 13% of the total, were identified as being

‘vulnerable children,’ including child soldiers,

orphans, disabled children and separated children.

• The vast majority of learning spaces were found to

provide insufficient cover for children and teachers.

Only 461 of the 2,922 learning spaces assessed

have permanent classrooms. Barely 26% of learning

spaces assessed have chairs or desks.

• On average, each learning space caters to 7.8

communities, meaning that children often have to

walk long distances in order to attend school. The

average student-teacher ratio in Southern Sudan is

42:1.

• Only 456 learning spaces, representing 16% of the

total number assessed, were found to be receiving

some form of food assistance. Hunger was one of

the most commonly cited reasons for not attending

school.

• A mere 31% of all learning spaces were found to

have access to a toilet or latrine. Forty per cent of

learning spaces had water available on-site or

within easy walking distance (within 500 meters).


Education/Child Protection Update… 11

Distribution of school materials

During October, 19 containers of ‘Go to School’ materials

were trucked from the Koboko holding site in northern

Uganda to Juba. These materials – mostly exercise

books (enough for 443,520 students) and student kits

(for almost 67,500 students) – will be used to replenish

schools in Eastern and Central Equatoria, Jonglei,

Unity and Upper Nile States during the rest of 2006 and

into 2007. Meanwhile, a total of 19 schools in the Mangalla

area of Central Equatoria State received enough

school materials to serve 6,080 pupils, considerably

more than the number currently enrolled, in order to

prepare for the next wave of enrolment. Also during the

month, educational materials arrived in Pibor County in

Jonglei State, serving 3,991 students in seven schools

in this hard-to-reach area. Distribution is currently ongoing.

School materials for 15 schools in Magwi County, hard

hit by the presence of the LRA over the past years,

were also distributed during the month. These materials

will serve some 7,400 students.

New distribution figures from eight of the ten states of

Southern Sudan (Unity, Upper Nile, Jonglei, Lakes,

Western Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Central Equatoria,

Western Bahr el Ghazal and Warrap) showed that

in these states, school materials have been delivered to

2,128 schools. The materials include textbooks, exercise

books, student kits, recreational kits, teachers’ kits

and headmaster kits. Enough student kits were delivered,

for example, to serve over 492,000 children.

GEM training – Second wave

A Girls’ Education Movement (GEM) training was held

in mid-October in Rumbek as part of a ‘second wave’ of

GEM. The first wave, for this state, constituted of two

training of trainers (ToT) sessions in Rumbek. The

youth equipped with the communication and facilitation

skills from these two trainings formed a Core Facilitation

Team for Lakes State and have since trained youth

in all counties of Lakes State, except for Awerial which

is inaccessible for security reasons. The 50 participants

in the October session were trained in the extended

GEM programme, which includes life skills (MRE, HIV/

AIDS, hygiene, gender based violence and gender sensitivity)

as well as methods for implementing school

clubs and activities, ways to involve children in recruiting

others to school and child-friendly schools. The

Core Facilitation Team will now conduct trainings in

other counties, concurrent with county level ‘Go to

School’ launches.

Meanwhile, in Kenia village in Tambura Payam of

Western Equatoria State, members of the local GEM

club conducted awareness to sensitise community

members on the importance of education and reasons

why they should send their children to school. Through

this initiative, 74 households were reached and parents

promised to send 190 out-of-school children to school

next year.

Teacher training, construction of schools and PTAs

in Western Equatoria

In Western Equatoria, UNICEF supported the state

Ministry of Education, Science and Technology

(SMoEST) to conduct a ten-day, in-service teacher

training course in Yambio and Nzara counties. From

September to October, 160 lower primary school teachers

were trained as part of the ‘Go to School’ initiative

to revitalize education in Southern Sudan. Among other

issues, the training focused on how to be an effective

teacher and how to assist slow learners, as well as

looking more closely at how children learn.

Also in Western Equatoria, the State MoEST began the

construction of a Community Girls’ School (CGS) in

Yambio Payam with UNICEF support. The school will

benefit some 35 girls and is one of six planned developments.

A workshop for parent-teacher association

(PTA) mobilization was held in Nzara, Ezo and Tambura

counties, ending with the formation and registration

of PTA committees in 60 primary schools. In the

next two weeks, the committee members will be trained

in how to mobilize and monitor enrolment in their

schools. This follows work completed earlier this year in

Upper Nile State, where 117 PTA members were

trained and their roles defined in a three day workshop.

Child Protection

Assistance to separated and unaccompanied children

Over 40 separated and unaccompanied children have

been registered in Ottash camp, where most of the displaced

have gathered. The new IDPs have access to

emergency services in Ottash camp: shelter, food, water,

sanitation, protection and psychosocial care. A temporary

centre in Ottash has been set-up for unaccompanied

and separated children. Many of the children

have already been reunited with their mothers and relatives,

while those still awaiting reunification have been

placed with temporary caregivers in the shelter. While

children are being reunited with the families daily, other

unaccompanied children continue to arrive in the camp.

At the time of reporting, 16 children are living in the


Child Protection Update… 12

centre with UNICEF-provided health services and recreation

activities. Partner organisations are providing

food and UNICEF has also ensured the children are

protected by mosquito nets and have access to blankets,

jerry cans and shelter.

Child protection and IDPs

UNICEF continued to participate in planning the organised

returns process with UNMIS, the Government of

National Unit and the Government of Southern Sudan,

with a focus on ensuring the protection of children in

the registration process, including provisions to identify

unaccompanied children and mechanisms for family

tracing. In partnership with Save the Children-UK, UNI-

CEF is training 40 enumerators who will conduct the

registration process for unaccompanied children. UNI-

CEF will monitor the process to ensure it is functioning

correctly.

FGM Evaluation

A three month evaluation on UNICEF’s FGM/C project

was completed this month, covering interventions in

Khartoum, Gedarif, Kassala, North Kordofan, South

Kordofan and South Darfur. A final draft report will be

disseminated to counterparts for review in the coming

months, with a view to informing the development and

scale-up plans of the project. Key findings showed

awareness-raising awareness efforts in all states had

increased knowledge about health hazards and stimulated

community commitments to abandon FGM/C, but

there is still no clear evidence on behavioural change.

Recommendations for future scaling-up of the project

include government-led media campaigns and community-based

interventions.

Social work training

Twenty-nine participants this month completed the second

round of social worker training in Yambio, Western

Equatoria and have now begun placements within their

communities. This initiative is the first of its kind in

Southern Sudan. The course has a strong focus on

child protection and the structure of the course acknowledges

the need, in this cultural context, for the

social worker to work through the community in a

largely non-confrontational way in order to be effective.

Some of the 40 participants from the first round of training,

have already reported back on the efficacy of the

public community arena as an environment from which

change has grown. In public meetings, creating an atmosphere

of openness has encouraged parents to

speak out about how they – as a community and individuals

- can change their behavior and children have

also spoken out on ongoing abuse. During the course,

the participants looked at the Child Rights Convention

(CRC) and at what protection mechanisms for children

already exist within their communities and in their wider

culture. The participants also spent time exploring ways

to encourage child participation, including in decision

making and contributing to constructing their own protection

frameworks and looking at ways in which children

can be given space of their own to speak their

mind. The participants studied how the media can be a

tool for social change and a way for children to be able

to speak out and how also to help journalists interview

children who have been through difficult or dangerous

experiences. The prison wardens, teachers, priests,

police officers, ministry social workers and women

group members were also given mine risk education

training. All the participants will begin placements at the

end of their training where they will face a new challenge

in proving their acquired skills to their communities.

“Child protection means knowing how to protect children

from abuse. There are different ways I can help do

this, I can advise them, talk to everyone through the

church and I can organize them for themselves. The

children of my area are poor and have little education

and there’s no clinic. There is also little communication

for them. But we can change, talk with people, in the

training we looked at how we can share, help solve the

problems of people in difficulties.” – Nelson Paul

Bakhit Priest, Yabongo Church

“If things are going wrong, it is also important to speak

with children, encourage them to tell. Another thing that

can be done is through encouraging participation, for

example debate, you can give children courage by

bringing them together to give each other strength.

There are ideas in my community that can be changed

now, like about stopping discrimination between boys

and girls.” – Justin Fastino, in the Ikokora unit of a

Youth Network

“A social worker can enlighten parents and sit with the

community to bring new ideas. If as a social worker I

heard that there was abuse in a family, for example if a

father was abusing his daughter, I would go to the family

and form a relationship with them. The first time I

would see what the father is saying. I would see what

this mood is, whether I can approach him. If I cannot

talk with him about it directly, I would go to other members

of the family and talk with them about it. If there

was no change, if the girl told me it was still happening

then I would have to bring in authorities, like the police.

If you do this then you can no longer involve yourself.

The course has helped me but I also know that without

experience of being a social worker you cannot be a

social worker, you have to be there in the community.”

– Elizabeth Razia, social worker


Child Protection Update... 13

Child participation through youth networks

In Juba, the Brighter Youth Association, leading youth

network activities have conducted a series of community

workshops at Munuki, Amadi, Line Tamaragia and

Dressers Line to sensitize and mobilize the communities

to establish community based child protection committees.

These ideally compromise of community elders

able to deal with addressing child abuse and exploitation

related issues existing within the communities, and

youth groups who will be focusing on raising awareness

on child protection related issues within the communities.

The youth have also identified HIV/AIDS as a

major concern among young people and this issue is

incorporated in all their discussions/sessions. To date,

some 120 community elders/leaders and youth are actively

participating in this initiative. The youth network

are also drafting a constitution and translating child protection

messages from English into Arabic,

In Upper Nile State, the youth network organized cultural

activities including drama, dance and song and an

open forum for a cultural and youth celebration. The

network has in past months begun to attract a wide

variety of youth, including street children, from different

communities.

Agents of their own change spreading wings in

Western Equatoria

“War has taken place for 21 years. We now have extreme

poverty. What communities say they want is

health facilities, education facilities things like this. We

have to help them understand, to give them some information,

about the importance of child protection and

child rights.”

George Gadi is sitting under a mango tree in Yambio

with some twenty other members of his community

based organization, the ‘Change Agency Association’

(CAA) lined up along a log. Like the others he

gives the impression of keenness; “They need help to

see the importance of this”.

The CAA grew from a youth network called ‘Future

Search’. Future Search itself came into existence following

the return of a group of young people who went

1999 to Nairobi with UNICEF support to attend a conference

on youth networks. These people have moved

on now but have been replaced by a large group of

young people – from about 14 to 23 years of age – with

considerable ambitions for their organization.

The CAA consists of 33 child protection community

centers that have been formed across Yambio and

Nzara counties; each one of these is served by a community

child protection focal person, a social worker

and child protection youth groups. They organize each

community center’s membership, averaging at 45

young people, to get together to use drama, song,

dance and sporting activities to turn child participation

from something belonging to child protection theory into

something alive with its own voice: one concerned with

problems for the whole community. Victor, who heads

up the organization, explains further; “the members find

out what’s wrong in the community and transform this

into song and dance. People in the community come

and watch what’s going on”.

Problems that affect children directly may fall into the

hands of the social workers located within the communities,

“she also documents the nature of abuse facing

particular children in the community and the number of

children who have this” says Ruben who comes from

the Mangbondo community centre about his partner

there. The CAA members have nothing more to give

than themselves, for the time being at least they are

mostly volunteers with an interest in being part of

something and an instinct for care. Sila says that the

worst thing about being in the group is that members of

her community introduce orphans to her; “what to do in

this situation We don’t promise, we have no resources

for this”.

They do however have skills. Members have participated

in a cross section of child protection trainings

supported by UNICEF, from MRE and youth leadership

training to family tracing and reunification. Five of the

members are part of the standby team in Ibba County,

and will assist UNICEF if children and women are released

from the LRA.

A new element in the CAA’s agenda has been doing

research together with a UNICEF consultant in order to

better understand the protection environment children

in their communities face. “We are going to the communities

to find out what the children are facing. We have

focus group discussions, of about 12 children at a time,

to discuss issues like strong beating,” explains Flora

who is one of the new research assistants. “We have

had some problems with the research”, explains

Charles, although the research assistants say that most

community leaders and parents have said that the focus

group work is very good and open.

But for this group at least change is what binds them. “I

have learnt so many things, and have seen some

changes already, in our lives. My hope is that the programme

will exist and change the environment” says

Nama. The substance of their desire seems to be the

same – the hunger for change.


HIV and AIDS/ Emergency Preparedness and Response... 14

Mine risk education

During the past three months, 26,000 people in Southern

Sudan have been reached, including returnees in

way stations, in schools and communities through UNI-

CEF supported mine risk education (MRE) agencies.

Meanwhile, radio stations have been releasing MRE

messages in Arabic, Bari, Acholi, Nuer and Madi. Follow

up trainings were also implemented by UNICEF in

Akot, Rumbek and Yirol in Lakes State for teachers and

other volunteers who had received an initial training

earlier this year. MRE trainings are being mainstreamed

into other trainings. In October MRE training

was given to participants of the social work training and

GEM training in Torit and Kapoeta of Eastern Equatoria

State and Rumbek of Lakes State included MRE.

Demobilisation of child soldiers

With UNICEF support 47 children have been registered

in Kilo 7, near Bentiu in Unity State, by the Southern

Sudan DDR Commission (SSDDRC). The majority of

the children have identified their guardians or family

members to be in northern Sudan. This means close

coordination between the SSDDRC and Northern Sudan

DDR Commission will be needed. Meanwhile together

with the SSDDRC, UNICEF partner World Vision

has traced the families of 11 of 16 children registered

by SSDDRC in Oweci in Upper Nile State. UNI-

CEF will coordinate with SSDDRC for the arrangement

of the demobilization day for these children.

HIV/AIDS

In Lakes State, Southern Sudan, this month, HIV/

AIDS awareness and education activities, in partnership

with Dair for Rehabilitation and Development Association

(DRDA) took place in the three counties of

Barpakeng, Wulu and Pacong directly reaching a total

of 2,230 people. These are the first of a state wide

campaign to reach 12 localities within the eight counties

where there are likely to be a high number of returns

in the coming dry season with sensation. As well

as giving vital information about the disease, the activities

sought to sensitize communities about discrimination

against returnees; working against the misconception

that ‘people from outside’ are bringing back the

disease. More than 260 t-shirts were distributed during

these activities.

UNICEF is also supporting a DRDA initiative to raise

awareness about violence against women. The launch

of the ‘Stop Violence Against Women’ campaign took

place successfully in Rumbek this month and was attended

by 150 people including state government representatives,

traditional authorities and women groups.

One of the main topics was the close link between sexual

violence and the spread of HIV. The campaign is

currently ongoing and will be launched in Pacong and

Wulu shortly.

As part of the Global Campaign ‘Unite for Children,

Unite Against AIDS’, UNICEF in Southern Sudan is

focusing on the four major themes of the campaign. In

October, to promote the prevention of mother to child

transmission (PMTCT), UNICEF facilitated a community

dialogue meeting on this issue in Cueibet, where

UNICEF is supporting a SMI/PMTCT site. The meeting

assessed the responses of the community to the

PMTCT services offered, identified constraints and built

consensus amongst decision makers about the importance

of ensuring pregnant women have access to necessary

care.

Emergency Programming and Response

In the month of October, UNICEF released 36 blankets,

36 sleeping mats, 18 cooking sets, 18 mosquito nets,

18 jerry cans and 2 cartons of soap to the SSRRC in

Wau in order to support 54 vulnerable returnees. The

families have recently arrived from Khartoum. UNICEF

through its partner, ADRA provided assistance to vulnerable

returnees at Ganji, in Juba County. A total of

40 households with 242 people, most of which were

children and women benefited from the assistance

(mainly soap, blankets, sleeping mats, plastic mats,

and cooking pots).

As part of preparations to assist women and children

who may be released from the LRA, six trucks brought

and offloaded 4,350 NFI kits in Yambio, Western Equatoria.

These NFI kits have also been pre-positioned in

order to assist with returnee families to the area, whose

numbers may increase if the LRA-GOU peace talks in

Juba are successful. The lack of security in the LRAaffected

areas of Eastern and Western Equatoria has

meant that communities there have received less development

than other regions. Vulnerable families will

also be targeted for NFI deliveries. In relation to this, in

Ibba County, Western Equatoria, UNICEF has installed

six child protection staff to be on standby for the possible

release of women and children from the LRA. They

are already conducting child protection capacity building

in the local community.


PROGRAMME

DONOR

NORTH SUDAN (excl. Darfur)

CONTRIBUTION

(US$)

%

FUNDED

DONOR

DARFUR

CONTRIBUTION

(US$)

%

FUNDED

DONOR

CONTRIBUTION

(US$)

%

FUNDED

CDC/USA $2,543,004.49 CIDA/IHA 318,978 Italian Natcom 570,092

CIDA/IHA $371,221.34 Denmark 602,376 Multi-donor CHF 2,700,000

ECHO $2,102,589.79 ECHO 1,880,027 USAID 650,000

Japan $4,497,900.00 Finland 183,673 CIDA/IHA 270,798

UNDP-USA $1,517,653.40 UNOCHA 653,693 UN Foundation 1,069,976

Health

UK-DFID $657,173.40 Multi-donor CHF 708,430 UNICEF EPF 375,000

Swiss Committee $325,203.00 USAID/OFDA 3,485,700 Multi-donor thematic 458,579

EPF $300,000.00 German Natcom 1,575,215 CDC 1,772,509

RR $1,721,350.00 Australia Nc 982 UNICEF RR 1,103,000

Slovenia Comm. 91,547

US Fund for UNICEF 373,188

CERF 750,000

Health total TARGET: $17,013,000 $14,036,095.42 82.50% TARGET: $17,212,00 10,623,808 61.72% TARGET: $25,320,00 8,969,954 35%

UNDP-USA $2,162,451.00 Germany 1,142,072 UNICEF EPF 625,000

UNOCHA 1,091,093 CIDA/IHA 63,717

Relief and Shelter

Multi-donor CHF 3,685,400 Multi-donor CHF 300,000

USAID/OFDA 4,447,064 Multi-donor thematic 160,636

CERF 847,595

R/S total TARGET: $14,431,182 $2,162,451.00 14.98% TARGET: $30,000,00 11,213,223 52.94% TARGET: $8,181,820 1,149,353 14%

EPF $300,000.00 AUSAID 1,391,883 Multi-donor CHF 1,820,000

UNICEF RR $450,000.00 Finland 183,673 Norway 244,033

Nutrition

UNDP-USA $855,338.34 Multi-donor CHF 1,343,690

UNICEF HQ $198,287.00 US Fund for UNICEF 440,697

USAID/OFDA 907,000

Nutrition total TARGET: $5,650,000 $1,803,625.34 31.92% TARGET: $3,200,000 4,266,942 133.34% TARGET: $12,522,60 2,064,033 16%

CIDA/IHA $290,034.13 CIDA/IHA 318,978 Multi-donor CHF 3,000,000

ECHO $1,129,423.58 Denmark 602,376 Norway 2,094,427

Norway $1,268,190.00 ECHO 696,210 German Natcom 225,469

Switzerland $206,108.00 Finland 200,000 CIDA/IHA 302,656

UNDP-USA $3,064,029.00 Japan 2,949,214 UK (DFID) 703,914

Water, Sanitation

and Hygiene

(WASH)

French Natcom $220,251.48 Norway 721,796 Switzerland 763,360

German Natcom $306,594.54 UNOCHA 2,086,493 CERF 918,735

UK Comm $397,038.03 Multi-donor CHF 2,680,486

US Fund for UNICEF $239,420.00 USAID/OFDA 3,484,630

EPF $300,000.00 Canadian Natcom 166,310

RR $1,097,850.00 Japan Nc 342,009

Slovenia Comm. 121,381

US Fund for UNICEF 107,130

WASH total TARGET: $6,833,000 $8,518,938.76 124.67% TARGET: $25,000,00 14,477,012 57.91% TARGET: $20,319,00 8,008,561 39%

CIDA/IHA $221,221.34 Denmark 351,883 Denmark 10,149,790

European Communites $553,384.39 Finland 72,042 Swiss Natcom 94,910

Finland $111,631.00 Japan 1,996,513 German Natcom 589,498

Netherlands $11,464.05 Norway 421,796 Multi-donor thematic 3,910,000

Norway $1,328,088.36 Oman 521 Multi-donor CHF 1,025,000

UNDP-USA $128,909.55 Multi-donor CHF 870,324 UNICEF RR 200,000

Italian Committee $295,306.31 USAID/OFDA 200,000

Education

Luxembourg Nc. $217,195.81 UN Women's Guild 108,788

CERF $80,000.00 Canadian Natcom 129,017

EPF $300,000.00 Danish Natcom 62,191

RR $921,650.00 Italian Committee 71,031

German Natcom 1,375,790

Slovenia Comm. 89,944

UK Committee 188,317

US Fund for UNICEF 852,495

CERF 874,180

Education total TARGET: $4,171,000 $4,168,850.81 99.95% TARGET: $12,000,00 7,664,831 63.87% TARGET: $66,732,80 15,969,198 24%

Canada $33,300.03 Norway 202,947 Multi-donor CHF 1,100,000

Ireland $272,095.16 UNOCHA 255,893 Multi-donor thematic 225,996

Norway $21,999.78 UN Trust Fund 515,625 French Natcom 296,949

UNDP-USA $2,875,414.04 Multi-donor CHF 99,790 Netherlands Natcom 131,152

UN Trust Fund $298,723.00 Italian Committee 71,031 Denmark 350,290

Child Protection

Swedish Natcom $136,843.24 German Natcom 365,064

EPF $180,000.00 Japan Natcom 196,948

RR $942,000.00 Slovenia Comm. 29,027

Swiss Committee 368,819

UK Committee 68,033

US Fund for UNICEF 146,811

CERF 273,000

Child Protection totaTARGET: $8,995,000 $4,760,375.25 52.92% TARGET: $4,354,000 2,592,988 59.55% TARGET: $8,050,00 2,104,387 26%

UNDP-USA $162,000.00 German Natcom 123,236 UNICEF EPF 375,000

HIV/AIDS

EPF $200,000.00 US Fund for UNICEF 55,952 CIDA/IHA 55,753

RR $250,000.00 UNICEF RR 150,000

HIV/AIDS total TARGET: $2,200,000 $612,000.00 27.82% 179,188 - not in workplan 580,753 n/a

EPF $100,000.00 Norway 100,000

Communication ECHO $135,257.70 USAID/OFDA 24,013

and Advocacy UNDP-USA $166,304.41 German Natcom 173,236

RR $384,200.00 US Fund for UNICEF 220,000

Communication and Advocacy total $785,762.11 - 517,249 -

SOUTHERN SUDAN

Southern Sudan Area Programme activites for

Communication can be found under the

Coordination and Common Services Section


Planning and

EPF $200,000.00 US Fund for UNICEF 294,466

RR $635,700.00

Research

UNDP-USA $100,000.00

Planning and Research total $935,700.00 - 294,466 -

Coordination and

Common Services

(including Comms,

PRME and

Security)

DDR

not part of Northern Sudan Area Programme

part of the North Sudan Child Protection programme

UNICEF EPF 625,000

CIDA/IHA 103,540

Multi-donor CHF 725,000

Multi-donor thematic 281,132

UNICEF RR 230,000

ECHO 846,433

USAID 250,000

TARGET: $4,003,000 3,061,105 76%

UNDP-IDDRP 2,502,583

Belgian Natcom 120,919

TARGET: $16,500,00 2,623,502 16%

Mine Action part of the North Sudan Child Protection programme reflected as part of the North Sudan Child

UNTFHS 365,105

TARGET: $2,134,000 365,105 17%

Basic

Infrastructure and not part of Northern Sudan Area Programme

not part of Northern Sudan Area Programme

Settlement 0

TARGET: $10,000,00 0 0%

Cross Sectoral

Support for not part of Northern Sudan Area Programme

reflected as part of Northern Sudan Area Programm

Returns 0

TARGET: $483,600 0 0%

CIDA/IHA $90,979.19 AUSAID 146,517

ECHO $139,369.52 CIDA/IHA 63,796

Finland $83,446.41 Denmark 155,665

Norway $265,014.64 ECHO 75,000

Switzerland $22,900.00 Germany 114,208

Cross-sectoral support for the Southern Sudan

UNDP-USA $819,312.00 Norway 153,461

Area Programme is incorporated into the section

UK-DFID $65,718.00 UNOCHA 412,830

receipts above for all donor contributions; only

French Natcom $22,706.88 Multi-donor CHF 1,262,499

direct internal contributions are listed below.

German Natcom $31,608.45 USAID/OFDA 1,151,593

Reports in 2007, and final reports for 2006 will

Cross-sectoral

Italian Committee $31,085.56 UN Women's Guild 11,212

reflect a standard funds tracking system for both

Luxembourg Nc. $22,391.19 Canadian Natcom 31,719

Area Programmes.

Swedish Natcom $15,204.80 Italian Committee 35,248

UK Comm $45,820.00 German Natcom 551,165

US Fund for UNICEF $26,580.00 Japan Natcom 59,612

EPF $565,000.00 Slovenia Comm. 34,216

RR $1,516,250.00 Swiss Committee 37,685

UK Committee 19,781

US Fund for UNICEF 432,064

CERF 263,240 UNICEF RR 300,000

EPF 655,000 UNICEF EPF 400,000

Cross-sectoral tota $3,763,386.64 - 5,666,512 - 700,000

TOTAL TARGET: $59,293,182 $41,547,185.33 70.70% TARGET: $91,766,000 57,496,221 69.32% TARGET: $174,247,82 45,595,951 26%

Notes:

CHF= Common Humanitarian Fund

EPF=Internal UNICEF emergency loan system

Natcom = UNICEF National Committee

Reflected separately above.

Other contributions outside of UNICEF 2006 Appeal include:

US$879,592 from UN DfID for the OCHA Emergency Response Fund administered by UNICEF

US$400,000 from USAID for UNICEF assistance with procurement of supplies for SHTP

reflected as part of the North Sudan Child

Protection programme

Southern Sudan Area Programme activites for

PRME can be found under the Coordination and

Common Services Section

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