Journal of Identity and Migration Studies - Research Centre on ...

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Journal of Identity and Migration Studies - Research Centre on ...

Per Øystein SAKSVIK, Carla DAHL-JØRGENSEN, Sturle Danielsen TVEDT, Trine Elaine EIKEN

JIMS - Volume 4, number 2, 2010

the native workers ong>andong> 22% for the immigrant workers. Tables 3-5 show how the

various variables are associated with the two dependent stress measures ong>andong>

commitment for each ong>ofong> the employment groups. Mental health problems are

somewhat more common among women than men in both employment groups.

Effort–reward was in general the most influential predictor for all three dependent

variables for both groups, with the exception ong>ofong> commitment for the immigrant

workers. Over-commitment was associated with increased job stress ong>andong> mental

health problems for the native workers, but was most strongly associated with

commitment in the immigrant group. Demong>andong>s showed the predicted association

with stress ong>andong> health among the native workers, but proved to be unrelated to the

stress ong>andong> health conditions ong>ofong> the immigrant workers. The effects ong>ofong> control ong>andong>

social support on job stress ong>andong> mental health were generally low for both groups

ong>andong> not in line with the model predictions. However, social support showed a

stronger association with commitment. Hypothesis III was partly confirmed.

Table 4. Hierarchical regression analyses for immigrant ong>andong> native employees.

Job stress

Employment group Immigrant employees Native employees

Beta t-value R 2 Change Beta t-value R 2 Change

Age .13 .890 .13 3.475

Gender .25 .630 -.03 -1.076

Seniority -.09 1.737 .09 2.529

Block 1 .00 .03

Demong>andong>s -.03 -.203 .17 -5.554**

Control -.09 -.608 .06 1.803

Support -.13 -.790 -.12 -3.178*

Block 2 .10 .16

Over-commitment .14 .983 .25 7.869**

Effort–Reward -.43 -2.942* -.44 12.506**

Block 3 .11 .25

Sum R 2 adj.

N =

F

.21

54

2.82*

.

.44

637

62.32**

Dependent variable is Job Stress., p

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