wheat - FAR

far.org.nz

wheat - FAR

FAR CULTIVAR EVALUATION

FOUNDATION FOR ARABLE RESEARCH

autumn sown

wheat and barley

2012/2013


contents

page

1

page

introduction and welcome 3

AUTUMN sown wheat

2012/2013 trial site location map 4

2012/2013 trial site details 4

agronomic comment 7

cultivar evaluation - 2012/2013 season:

- yields (t/ha) - feed/biscuit cultivars 8

- yields (t/ha) - milling cultivars 11

- grain quality data - by region 12

plant and head counts 15

cultivar evaluation - 4 year adjusted mean - relative yield by site 16

cultivar descriptions 20

AUTUMN sown barley

2012/2013 trial site location map 34

2012/2013 trial site details 34

agronomic comment 35

cultivar evaluation - 2012/2013 season:

- yields (t/ha) 36

- grain quality data - by region 37

cultivar evaluation - 4 year adjusted mean - relative yield by site 38

cultivar descriptions 39

sowing date guidelines 46

sowing rate calculation 47

seed quality and seed treatments 49

glossary of terms 51

paddock sowing record 52

acknowledgements 53


page

2 notes


introduction and welcome

page

3

New developments in CPT include a new feed

and biscuit wheat site established at Fairlie,

along with an additional replicate not sprayed

with fungicide which has been included at the

Chertsey, Methven and Temuka feed and biscuit

wheat sites. Assessments from these unsprayed

plots contribute to Crop Action in giving a heads

up on what diseases are active going through

the season.

Several newer cultivars are performing well. In

the autumn drilled barley trials, Sanette, which

is in its first year of CPT2, out-performed the

next highest yielding cultivar by 10% in the two

Canterbury trials, while KWW47, a promising

new biscuit wheat, showed high yields in its

first CPT2 season in both irrigated and dryland

trials. The feed wheat KWW46 and biscuit

wheat Empress are two of the newer cultivars

showing consistently high yields over two and

three seasons respectively. Empress combined

high yield with good resistance to foliar diseases.

Two new milling wheat cultivars CRWT185

and CRWT188 combined good yields with

good quality.

Assessment of the yield potential of early drilled

wheat continued for the third season. March

and April drilled feed/biscuit wheat trials were

established at Chertsey and St Andrews. There

has been a yield advantage to March drilled feed

wheat trials compared with April drilled ones

in 7 of 9 trials over three seasons (one lower

yielding March drilled trial was affected by poor

establishment). The largest yield advantage was

1.9 t/ha for March drilled wheat on Chertsey

dryland in 2012-13. At the FAR Chertsey Arable

Site the average yield advantage has been

0.3 t/ha under irrigation and 1.0 t/ha on dryland

over three seasons.

The CPT system has been running effectively

for over thirty years. The success of the system

has been paramount to the on-going genetic

improvement we have seen in cereal cultivars in

New Zealand. This system relies on companies

collaborating and including their cultivars for

the overall good of the industry. CPT is the only

independent source of information you have

available when making decisions on cultivars. In

particular disease and sprouting nurseries give

an objective measure of a cultivar’s sprouting

and disease susceptibility. We encourage you to

use the information in these booklets to make

sound cultivar decisions.

FAR welcomes any queries or suggestions on

how we might further improve these booklets.

Please contact us if you have ideas, or if you

require any additional information that we have

not included in this booklet.

Rob Craigie

Project Manager

© This publication is copyright to the Foundation for Arable Research and may not be reproduced

or copied in any form without written permission from FAR.

This document is intended to provide accurate and adequate information relating to the subject

matter contained in it. It has been prepared and made available to all persons and entities, strictly on

the basis that FAR, its researchers and authors are fully excluded from liability for damages arising

out of any reliance in part, or in full, upon any of the information for any purpose. No endorsement of

named products is intended, nor is any criticism of other alternative, but unnamed products.


page

4 wheat - trial site details

METHVEN

FAIRLIE

BALFOUR

ORETI

BULLS

NORWOOD

CHERTSEY

DORIE CHERTSEY

WAKANUI

Temuka

St. Andrews

2012/2013 trial site location map

Balfour (Feed Wheat)

Operator: Stewart Armstrong

Host Grower: Gary Collins

Soil: Kaweku silt loam, Dryland

Following peas, this trial was sown on 23 April

2012 surrounded by a crop of Einstein. The

trial received four fungicides, three herbicides

and a total of 250 kg N/ha was applied over

three split applications. There was a moderate

infestation of brome. The trial was harvested on

27 February 2013.

Bulls (Feed and Milling Wheat)

Operator: Kevin Sinclair

Host Grower: Hew Dalrymple

Soil: Rangitikei silt loam, Dryland

This site was sown in a surrounding crop of

Einstein on 1st June 2012 in a Rangitikei silt

loam following maize. A total of 213 kg N/ha

was applied over three split applications. The

trial received one herbicide and two fungicide

applications between September and November.

The trial was harvested on 27 January 2013.

Chertsey (March and April Feed Wheat)

Operator: Bede McCloy

Host Grower: FAR Arable Site

Soil: Chertsey shallow silt loam, Dryland

and Irrigated

The March (21-03-2012) and April (20-04-2012)

sown trials were drilled at the FAR Arable Site

following peas. Each trial received a total of

310 kg N/ha applied over three timings. The

March sown trial received three herbicides,

three fungicides, a PGR, two insecticides and

an application of slug bait. The April sown trial

also received three herbicides, three fungicides,

and a PGR but only received one insecticide. A

total of 230 mm irrigation was applied over nine

passes to the irrigated trials. The March sown

dryland trial had some minor lodging and was

affected by shedding due to a strong wind in

mid January. The dryland trials were harvested

on 25 January 2013 and the irrigated trials were

harvested on 15 February 2013.


page

5

Dorie (Milling Wheat)

Operator: Ross Hanson

Host Grower: Geoff Maw

Soil: Templeton silt loam, Irrigated

This trial was sown on 20 May 2012 into a

surrounding crop of Conquest, following

potatoes. 200kg of Sulphur Super 20 was

applied at sowing and 276 kg N/ha was applied

in three split applications. The trial received

two herbicides and one insecticide. Three

fungicides were applied between September

and December. A PGR was applied in late

September. The trial received 120 mm of water in

three split applications. The trial was harvested

on 1 February 2013.

faIRLIE (Feed Wheat)

Operator: Bede McCloy

Host Grower: Ashley Biggs

Soil: Claremont loam, Dryland

This site was sown in a surrounding crop of

Conquest on 23 April 2012 following oil seed

rape. A total of 178 kg N/ha was applied over

four split applications. The trial received an

application of slug bait and a foliar insecticide.

Two herbicides and three fungicide were applied

between April and December. August was very

wet and cold. The trial was harvested on 8

February 2013.

Methven (Milling Wheat)

Operator: Gerrard Pile

Host Grower: Graeme Lill

Soil: Lyndhurst silt loam, Irrigated

This trial was sown in a paddock of Conquest

following lentils on 7 May 2012. 167 kg N/ha

was applied to the trial in three split applications

between August and October. The trial received

three herbicide and two insecticide applications.

Three fungicide mixes were applied between

June and December. A PGR was applied

in September. The trial received 120mm of

irrigation split between four applications. The

trial was harvested on 20 February 2012. This

trial is not reported due to high variability in the

plot yields.

Methven (Feed Wheat)

Operator: Matt Hicks

Host Grower: Bruce Holmes

Soil: Mayfield silt loam, Irrigated

The trial was sown in a crop of Wakanui on 1

May 2012 following radish. In total, 220 kg N/

ha was applied in five split applications. The

trial received three herbicide applications, one

insecticide and three fungicide applications over

the season. A PGR was applied in September.

Two irrigation applications of 25 mm were

applied. Establishment was excellent but crops

thinned out over winter and the wet August. The

trial was harvested on 6 March 2013.

Norwood (Milling Wheat)

Operator: Gerrard Pile

Host Grower: John Mulholland

Soil: Lismore stony silt loam, Irrigated

In a crop of Conquest this trial site was sown

on 23 May 2011 following clover. 300 kg super

phosphate was applied just prior to drilling,

followed by 138 kg N/ha applied over three

split applications between September and

November. Two herbicides and an insecticide

were applied to the trial. One PGR was applied

in mid-September. A total of 230 mm irrigation

was applied over the season in six applications.

This trial was affected by hail. It was harvested

on 25 February 2012.

Oreti (Feed Wheat)

Operator: Stewart Armstrong

Host Grower: Robbie Clarke

Soil: Braxton silt loam, Dryland

This feed wheat trial was sown on 23 April 2012

into a paddock of Einstein following peas. 270

kg/ha of Crop16 was applied followed by 138

kg N/ha split between two applications. The

trial received a herbicide, one PGR and four

fungicide applications. The trial was harvested

on 1 March 2013.


page

6

wheat - trial site details

St. Andrews (March and April Feed Wheat)

Operator: Ross Hanson

Host Grower: Nick Porter

Soil: Claremont clay loam, Dryland

Following carrot seed, the feed wheat trials

were sown on 28 March and 24 April 2012. The

trials received 300 kg/ha superphosphate in

May followed by a total of 276 kg N/ha applied

over four split applications between September

and November. The trials each received four

fungicide applications. The herbicide program

consisted of a pre emergence and two spray

applications. No PGR’s were applied. In the

March sown trial establishment was effected

by a trashy seedbed. Harvest was delayed

by two weeks due to bad weather. Both trials

were affected by Septoria despite the fungicide

applications. The trials were harvested on 21

February 2013.

Temuka (Feed Wheat)

Operator: Matthew Hicks

Host Grower: Nick Ward

Soil: Waimakariri sandy loam, Irrigated

This trial was sown on 26 April 2012 into

a surrounding cultivar of Delphi, following

Plantain. An application of sulphate of ammonia

and four applications of urea provided a total of

285 kg N/ha. A pre emergence herbicide was

applied followed by two applications in October.

One insecticide and a PGR were applied during

the season. Between October and December

five fungicide mixes were applied. The trial was

irrigated with 110 mm over four timings. The

trial established well and was harvested 28

February 2013.

Wakanui (Milling Wheat)

Operator: Ross Hanson

Host Grower: Eric Watson

Soil: Wakanui silt loam, Irrigated

The milling wheat trial was sown on 14 May 2012

in a crop of Haka wheat following faba beans.

An application of ammonium sulphate and four

applications of urea provided a total of 306 kg

N/ha. A pre emergence herbicide was followed

up with four foliar applications between July and

November. Two insecticides and five fungicide

mixes were applied over the season. A PGR was

applied in October. A total of 75 mm irrigation

was applied as two applications in January. This

trial was harvested on 26 February 2013.

Wakanui (Feed Wheat)

Operator: John van den Bosch

Host Grower: David Bennett

Soil: Wakanui silt loam, Irrigated

In a crop of Wakanui wheat following bok choi,

this trial was sown on 23 April 2012. 100 kg/ha

DAP was applied prior to sowing followed by

three nitrogen applications totalling 196 kg N/

ha. Four herbicides, an insecticide and three

fungicides were applied over the season. A

PGR was applied in September. A total of 110

mm irrigation was applied to the trial over six

applications. This trial was harvested on 26

February 2013.


wheat - agronomic comment 2012/2013

page

7

Autumn Sown Wheat - Agronomic Comment

CultIVar

Years in

far trials

BYDV

Scores

Septoria

leaf blotch

Stripe

rust

Leaf rust

Powdery

mildew

Fusarium

head blight

Straw

strength

Crop height Maturity

Sprouting

susceptibility

Claire 13 MSS MS MSS* MR MS* MS Moderate Med-tall Late Mod-high

Conquest 8 MS MR MR MSS* MS MS Mod-stiff Medium Early-int Low

Einstein 7 Unknown MSS MS* MS MR MS Mod-stiff Medium Int-late Low

Empress (CRWT 157) 3 Unknown MR MRR MR* (MR) Unknown Stiff Medium Intermediate Low-mod

Excede 7 Unknown MSS MR MR MR MR Stiff Short Int-late Low

Kingdom (CMWW06) 1 Unknown MR (MSS) (MRR) Unknown Unknown Stiff Medium Int-late Low-mod

Majestic (CRWT 139) 4 Unknown MR MRR MRR MS Unknown Stiff Short-med Int-late Low-mod

Morph 12 MS MS MRR MS* R MR Weak-mod Medium Intermediate Low-mod

Orator (KWW34) 4 Unknown MR MR MR MR Unknown Stiff Medium Late Mod-high

Phoenix 8 MS MR MR MSS MRR MRR Moderate Medium Int-late Low

Raffles 9 MS MR MSS MSS MR MS Moderate Tall Intermediate Low

Richmond 6 Unknown MS MR MS* MR MR Stiff Medium Late Low-mod

Sage 7 Unknown MR MSS MR MRR MR Weak-mod Tall Int-late Low

Saracen 5 Unknown MR MR MSS MR MS Stiff Short Intermediate Low

Savannah 13 MS S MS* MSS* MRR MS Moderate Medium Late Low-mod

SY Epson (NFC10739) 1 Unknown (MR) (MSS) (MR) Unknown Unknown Stiff Short-med Intermediate Mod-high

Torlesse 10 S MSS MS* MR* MRR MS Stiff Short-med Intermediate Mod-high

Tribute 10 MS MR MR* MR MS* MR Stiff Short-med Intermediate High

Wakanui 5 Unknown MR MRR MR MS MR Stiff Tall Late Moderate

CRWT151 3 Unknown MS (MR) MS MS Unknown Stiff Short Intermediate Low-mod

CRWT185 1 Unknown (MS) (MRR) Unknown (MSS) Unknown Mod-stiff Medium Early-int Low

CRWT188 1 Unknown (MR) (MRR) Unknown (MRR) Unknown Mod-stiff Medium Intermediate Low

KWW42 2 Unknown MS (MRR) MS (MR) Unknown Stiff Medium Int-late Low-mod

KWW45 1 Unknown (MR) (MR) (MSS) Unknown Unknown Stiff Med-tall Int-late Low

KWW46 2 Unknown MS (MR) MS (MR) Unknown Stiff Medium Int-late Moderate

KWW47 1 Unknown (MR) (MS*) (MR) Unknown Unknown Stiff Med-tall Int-late Low-mod

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average).

(brackets) indicate there is limited NZ trial data to assess resistance.

“Unknown” indicates there is insufficient trial information in NZ to assess resistance.

1

indicates BYDV data is from last years trial.

Note: CRWT185 and CRWT188 are reported to be susceptible to the same pathotype of leaf rust as Conquest.

Disease susecptibility sourced from FAR-funded Disease Nurseries and CPT trials (assessments carried out by Plant & Food Research).

Sprouting susceptibility comments are sourced from FAR funded Sprouting Nurseries carried out by Plant & Food Research.

Key

S = susceptible

MSS = mostly susceptible

MS = moderately susceptible

MR = moderately resistant

MRR = mostly resistant

R = resistant


page

8 wheat - 2012/2013 yield (t/ha)

Autumn Sown (April) FEED/BISCUIT Wheat - Canterbury

CultIVar Methven

Chertsey

Dryland

Chertsey

Irrigated

Wakanui Temuka St Andrews Fairlie

Region Mid Cant Mid Cant Mid Cant Mid Cant Mid Cant South Cant

Soil type

Mayfield

silt loam

Chertsey

shallow

silt loam

Chertsey

shallow

silt loam

Previous crop Radish Peas Peas Bok Choi Plantain

South

Cant

Wakanui

Waimakariri

Claremont

Claremont

silt loam Waimakariri

sandy loam Claremont

clay loam Claremont

loam

Carrot

Seed

Oil seed

rape

Sow date 1-May-12 20-Apr-12 20-Apr-12 23-Apr-12 26-Apr-12 24-Apr-13 23-Apr-12

Harvest date 6-Mar-13 25-Jan-13 15-Feb-13 26-Feb-13 28-Feb-13 21-Feb-13 8-Feb-13

Canterbury

mean yield

Dryland / Irrigated Irrigated Dryland Irrigated Irrigated Irrigated Dryland Dryland

Claire* 12.0 8.6 12.8 12.3 14.0 9.5 11.4 11.5 13

Einstein 12.3 8.4 12.4 11.9 13.3 9.9 11.2 11.4 7

Empress (CRWT157) 11.9 9.2 13.1 14.0 14.0 10.5 12.2 12.1 3

Excede 11.7 8.6 11.8 10.0 13.2 8.4 11.0 10.7 7

Kingdom (CMWW06) 12.6 9.2 12.4 11.1 13.5 9.0 11.8 11.3 1

Orator (KWW34) 12.3 8.6 12.0 11.4 13.4 9.8 10.9 11.2 4

Phoenix* 11.8 9.5 11.8 13.2 12.7 10.2 11.8 11.6 8

Richmond 12.7 8.5 12.4 11.2 14.5 9.0 11.6 11.4 6

Savannah 12.2 8.6 12.3 9.7 12.7 8.3 12.4 10.9 13

SY Epson (NFC10739) 12.0 8.9 12.6 13.6 13.8 9.9 10.7 11.6 1

Wakanui 13.3 8.2 12.2 14.0 15.0 10.5 13.4 12.4 5

KWW42 12.6 9.0 12.8 12.8 13.2 10.1 11.6 11.7 2

KWW45 12.5 8.5 12.5 14.1 14.6 10.3 12.3 12.1 1

KWW46 12.9 9.2 13.0 12.9 14.6 9.9 11.6 12.0 2

KWW47 11.9 8.6 12.7 13.9 13.9 10.5 11.8 11.9 1

Site mean yield (t/ha) 12.3 8.8 12.5 12.4 13.8 9.7 11.7 11.6

LSD 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.7

CV% 3.4 4.9 3.3 4.5 2.6 4.2 2.6 -

*Biscuit and feed wheat standards which appear in both feed and milling wheat trials to allow cross comparisons.

Seasons in

far trials

(Autumn

sown)


page

9

Autumn Sown (March compared with April) FEED/BISCUIT Wheat - Canterbury

CultIVar

Chertsey

Dryland

(March sown)

Chertsey

Dryland

(April sown) 1

Chertsey

Irrigated

(March sown)

Chertsey

Irrigated

(March sown)

(April sown) 1 St Andrews

St Andrews

(April sown) 1

Region Mid Cant Mid Cant Mid Cant Mid Cant South Cant South Cant

Soil type

Chertsey

shallow silt

loam

Chertsey

shallow silt

loam

Chertsey

shallow silt

loam

Chertsey

shallow

silt loam

Claremont

clay loam

Claremont

clay loam

Previous

crop

Peas Peas Peas Peas Carrot seed Carrot seed

Sow date 21-Mar-12 20-Apr-12 21-Mar-12 20-Apr-12 28-Mar-12 24-Apr-12

Harvest

date

25-Jan-13 25-Jan-13 12-Feb-13 15-Feb-13 21-Feb-13 21-Feb-13

Dryland /

Irrigated

Dryland Dryland Irrigated Irrigated Dryland Dryland

Mean yield,

3 March

-sown sites

Mean yield,

3 April

-sown sites

Claire* 9.8 8.6 13.0 12.8 10.4 9.5 11.1 10.3 13

Einstein 10.9 8.4 12.9 12.4 10.3 9.9 11.4 10.3 7

Empress

(CRWT157) 11.3 9.2 13.4 13.1 11.5 10.5 12.1 11.0 3

Seasons in

far trials

(Autumn

sown)

Excede 10.9 8.6 12.9 11.8 9.1 8.4 11.0 9.6 7

Orator

(KWW34) 9.8 8.6 12.5 12.0 10.3 9.8 10.9 10.1 4

Phoenix* 10.7 9.5 12.3 11.8 10.4 10.2 11.2 10.5 8

Richmond 10.9 8.5 13.3 12.4 8.8 9.0 11.0 10.0 6

Savannah 10.1 8.6 12.9 12.3 8.6 8.3 10.5 9.7 13

Wakanui 10.5 8.2 13.5 12.2 10.4 10.5 11.5 10.3 5

KWW42 11.1 9.0 13.2 12.8 9.9 10.1 11.4 10.6 2

KWW46 11.1 9.2 13.4 13.0 10.9 9.9 11.8 10.7 2

Site mean

yield (t/ha) 10.7 8.8 13.0 12.4 10.1 9.6 11.2 10.3

LSD 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.6 1.0 0.6 1.0 0.8

CV% 3.2 4.9 2.0 3.3 6.6 4.2 - -

* Biscuit and feed wheat standards which appear in both feed and milling wheat trials to allow cross comparisons.

1

April-sown trial yields are repeated from the previous table for ease of comparison with March-sown trial yields.


page

10

wheat - 2012/2013 yield (t/ha)

Autumn Sown FEED/BISCUIT Wheat

CultIVar Balfour Oreti Southland

mean yield

Region

Northern Central

Southland Southland

Soil type

Kaweku silt

loam

Braxton silt

loam

Bulls

Manawatu

Rangitikei silt

loam

Previous crop Peas Peas Maize

Sow date 23-Apr-12 23-Apr-12 1-Jun-12

Harvest date 27-Feb-13 1-Mar-13 27-Jan-13

Dryland / Irrigated Dryland Dryland Dryland

Seasons in

far trials

(Autumn sown)

Claire* 8.7 10.7 9.7 11.1 13

Einstein 8.8 11.2 10.0 11.4 7

Empress (CRWT157) 8.3 12.0 10.1 9.8 3

Excede 7.7 10.2 9.0 11.6 7

Kingdom (CMWW06) 8.9 10.7 9.8 11.4 1

Morph - - - 11.7 12

Orator (KWW34) 7.5 11.2 9.3 9.9 4

Phoenix* 7.7 11.3 9.5 9.3 8

Richmond 7.8 10.2 9.0 11.0 6

Savannah 7.2 10.0 8.6 10.0 13

SY Epson (NFC10739) 6.2 11.5 8.8 10.9 1

Wakanui 8.3 12.1 10.2 10.9 5

KWW42 8.1 11.3 9.7 10.7 2

KWW45 6.7 11.6 9.1 9.6 1

KWW46 8.7 11.4 10.0 11.1 2

KWW47 7.8 11.3 9.5 9.8 1

Site mean yield (t/ha) 7.9 11.1 9.5 10.6

LSD 0.9 0.6 1.5 0.6

CV% 8.0 4.1 - 3.7

* Biscuit and feed wheat standards which appear in both feed and milling wheat trials to allow

cross comparisons.

- Cultivar not included in that particular trial.


page

11

Autumn Sown MILLING Wheat

CultIVar Norwood Dorie Wakanui Canterbury

mean yield

Region

Central Mid

Mid

Canterbury Canterbury Canterbury

Soil type

Lismore stony

silt loam

Templeton

silt loam

Wakanui silt

loam

Previous crop White clover Potatoes Faba beans

Sow date 23-May-12 20-May-12 14-May-12

Harvest date 25-Feb-13 1-Feb-13 26-Feb-13

Dryland / Irrigated Irrigated Irrigated Irrigated

Seasons in

far trials

(Autumn

sown)

Claire* 9.0 12.1 14.5 11.9 13

Conquest 7.8 10.4 11.8 10.0 8

Majestic (CRWT139) 7.2 10.0 13.0 10.0 4

Morph 8.5 11.2 13.3 11.0 12

Phoenix* 8.2 12.4 14.8 11.8 8

Raffles 8.7 12.2 13.6 11.5 9

Sage 8.6 11.2 13.2 11.0 4

Saracen 8.5 9.9 12.7 10.4 5

Torlesse 8.5 11.1 12.6 10.7 10

Tribute 8.7 11.3 13.0 11.0 10

CRWT151 8.8 11.1 13.0 11.0 3

CRWT185 8.1 11.6 12.3 10.6 1

CRWT188 7.4 11.3 12.5 10.4 1

Site mean yield (t/ha) 8.3 11.2 13.1 10.9

LSD 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.9

CV% 4.1 2.6 2.5 -

* Biscuit and feed wheat standards which appear in both feed and milling wheat trials to allow

cross comparisons.


page

12 wheat - 2012/2013 grain quality

Autumn Sown Wheat

Southern North Island

CultIVar

Canterbury April-sown FEED/BISCUIT wheat trials

CultIVar

T.G.W.

(g)

T.G.W.

(g)

Test Weight

(kg/hl)

Test Weight

(kg/hl)

Protein (%)

(N% x 5.7)

Protein (%)

(N% x 5.7)

Screenings

(%)

Screenings

(%)

Falling No.

(seconds)

Claire* 43 65 9.7 4.5 235

Einstein 46 68 9.8 3.7 206

Empress (CRWT157) 36 61 10.0 5.1 322

Excede 46 71 9.9 2.5 305

Kingdom (CMWW06) 40 65 11.1 3.6 175

Morph 42 67 9.7 2.1 282

Orator (KWW34) 40 66 10.2 5.9 280

Phoenix* 47 67 10.3 2.7 302

Richmond 39 66 10.2 5.1 220

Savannah 43 67 9.9 3.2 173

SY Epson (NFC10739) 43 66 9.6 2.8 231

Wakanui 45 70 9.6 2.9 180

KWW42 44 63 10.9 5.1 161

KWW45 43 64 9.7 2.9 201

KWW46 40 65 9.7 4.3 160

KWW47 40 65 10.0 3.9 233

Mean 42 66 10.0 3.8 229

LSD** - - - - -

Falling No.

(seconds)

Claire* 43 70 9.9 1.2 318

Einstein 47 72 9.9 1.1 328

Empress (CRWT157) 43 70 9.7 1.1 325

Excede 46 73 10.4 0.6 361

Kingdom (CMWW06) 46 68 10.0 0.6 353

Orator (KWW34) 46 72 9.9 1.5 294

Phoenix* 52 72 10.3 0.5 344

Richmond 45 70 10.2 1.3 294

Savannah 49 69 9.5 1.2 266

SY Epson (NFC10739) 46 70 9.8 1.0 322

Wakanui 48 72 9.2 0.7 265

KWW42 51 69 10.6 0.9 275

KWW45 48 70 9.4 0.7 290

KWW46 45 71 9.4 1.3 226

KWW47 48 69 9.6 1.0 276

Mean 47 70 9.9 1.0 302

LSD 2 2 0.5 0.5 18

* Biscuit and feed wheat standards which appear in both feed and milling wheat trials to allow cross comparisons.

** No LSD available since only one site in the North Island, therefore only one data value per cultivar.


page

13

Autumn Sown Wheat

Canterbury March-sown FEED/BISCUIT wheat trials

CultIVar

T.G.W.

(g)

Test Weight

(kg/hl)

Protein (%)

(N% x 5.7)

Screenings

(%)

Falling No.

(seconds)

Claire* 50 71 9.6 1.1 309

Einstein 50 73 9.7 1.1 333

Empress (CRWT157) 50 74 10.3 0.8 369

Excede 53 72 10.2 1.0 359

Orator (KWW34) 46 69 10.2 1.9 285

Phoenix* 48 71 9.4 1.7 257

Richmond 48 72 9.0 1.6 252

Savannah 47 69 9.7 1.1 320

Wakanui 48 68 9.9 2.4 281

KWW42 54 72 10.1 1.2 273

KWW46 47 72 9.5 1.9 239

Mean 49 71 9.8 1.4 298

LSD 3 3 0.6 1.0 38

Canterbury MILLING wheat trials

CultIVar

T.G.W.

(g)

Test Weight

(kg/hl)

Protein (%)

(N% x 5.7)

Screenings

(%)

Falling No.

(seconds)

Claire* 47 72 9.5 1.3 284

Conquest 46 78 12.5 0.4 377

Majestic (CRWT139) 46 77 10.8 1.7 351

Morph 45 70 9.6 0.9 312

Phoenix* 55 73 10.3 0.7 335

Raffles 55 77 9.9 0.9 374

Sage 53 76 11.4 0.9 338

Saracen 51 76 11.0 0.9 362

Torlesse 46 77 10.8 0.9 358

Tribute 47 73 10.3 1.3 307

CRWT151 49 80 11.3 0.9 377

CRWT185 50 77 11.9 0.7 354

CRWT188 46 76 11.8 2.1 358

Mean 49 75 10.9 1.0 345

LSD 3 2 0.7 0.6 37

* Biscuit and feed wheat standards which appear in both feed and milling wheat trials to allow cross comparisons.

The quality data for each region is also presented as a 4 year mean on the individual cultivar description pages.


page

14

Southland

CultIVar

T.G.W.

(g)

Test Weight

(kg/hl)

Protein (%)

(N% x 5.7)

Screenings

(%)

Falling No.

(seconds)

Claire* 44 75 9.3 2.9 288

Einstein 46 75 9.6 2.2 332

Empress (CRWT157) 42 74 9.5 1.4 314

Excede 46 75 10.6 1.7 341

Kingdom (CMWW06) 45 75 9.9 2.4 353

Orator (KWW34) 46 76 9.6 2.6 296

Phoenix* 52 75 10.1 0.9 332

Richmond 44 74 10.1 3.5 270

Savannah 48 73 9.4 2.2 269

SY Epson (NFC10739) 46 72 10.1 1.5 308

Wakanui 47 77 9.2 1.3 250

KWW42 48 74 9.7 2.9 262

KWW45 46 73 9.7 1.8 266

KWW46 44 75 9.7 3.8 215

KWW47 47 75 9.5 3.0 260

Mean 46 75 9.7 2.3 290

LSD 6 3 0.8 1.2 53

* Biscuit and feed wheat standards which appear in both feed and milling wheat trials to allow

cross comparisons.

The quality data for each region is also presented as a 4 year mean on the individual cultivar

description pages.


wheat - 2012/2013 plant & head counts

page

15

Autumn Sown Wheat

Canterbury FEED/BISCUIT Wheat Trials

(target plant population = 150 plants/m 2 )

March-sown

April-sown

CULTIVAR Plants/m 2 Heads/m 2 at Harvest Plants/m 2 Heads/m 2 at Harvest

Claire* 112 507 135 499

Einstein 108 479 125 484

Empress (CRWT157) 125 515 134 550

Excede 128 472 143 505

Kingdom (CMWW06) - - 139 508

Orator (KWW34) 118 509 137 505

Phoenix* 107 491 119 556

Richmond 107 520 134 539

Savannah 110 453 133 490

SY Epson (NFC10739) - - 139 540

Wakanui 122 500 136 487

KWW42 135 505 132 511

KWW45 - - 124 504

KWW46 122 485 135 535

KWW47 - - 130 494

Mean 118 494 133 514

LSD 13 47 12 45

Note: Means are over 3 sites for March-sown trials and over 7 sites for April-sown trials.

- Cultivar not included in this series of trials.

Canterbury MILLING Wheat Trials

(target plant population = 150 plants/m 2 )

CultIVar Plants/m 2 Heads/m 2 at Harvest

Claire 196 585

Conquest 179 572

Majestic (CRWT139) 175 589

Morph 188 596

Phoenix 135 582

Raffles 171 577

Sage 186 619

Saracen 200 667

Torlesse 191 646

Tribute 150 648

CRWT151 212 560

CRWT185 192 513

CRWT188 177 562

Mean 181 594

LSD 26 61

Note: Means are over 4 sites.


page

16 wheat - 4 year adjusted mean

Autumn Sown (April) FEED/BISCUIT Wheat – relative yield by site

CULTIVAR Bulls Wakanui Methven

Chertsey

Dryland

Chertsey

Irrigated

Temuka

Region Manawatu Mid Cant Mid Cant Mid Cant Mid Cant South Cant

Soil type

Rangitikei

silt loam

Wakanui

clay loam

Mayfield silt

loam

Chertsey

shallow silt

loam

Chertsey

shallow silt

loam

Waimakariri

sandy loam

Dryland / Irrigated Dryland Irrigated Irrigated Dryland Irrigated Irrigated

No. of trials 4 4 4 4 4 2

Claire* 107 95 91 94 98 99

Einstein 101 93 94 102 98 102

Empress (CRWT157) 95 106 104 104 102 102

Excede 106 90 99 101 96 98

Kingdom (CMWW06) 107 89 102 105 99 98

Morph 108 - - - - -

Orator (KWW34) 96 95 96 96 96 95

Phoenix* 90 102 99 103 97 94

Richmond 106 90 100 102 102 104

Savannah 94 89 102 95 98 88

SY Epson (NFC10739) 102 110 97 101 101 100

Wakanui 106 108 107 96 102 109

KWW42 100 104 104 102 101 97

KWW45 89 114 102 97 100 106

KWW46 100 103 106 104 107 107

KWW47 92 112 96 98 102 101

Site mean yield

(and t/ha)

100

(10.0)

100

(12.3)

100

(11.8)

100

(8.3)

100

(12.1)

100

(12.8)

LSD (estab. cv) 8 10 8 7 6 8

LSD (new vs est) 12 16 12 11 9 10

* Biscuit and feed wheat standards which appear in both feed and milling wheat trials to allow

cross comparisons.

- Cultivar not included at that particular site or series of sites.

Two year adjusted mean for Temuka.

LSD(estab. cv) is for comparing two “established” cultivars (that have both been in all trials).

LSD(new vs est) is for comparing a “new” (first year) cultivar with an “established” cultivar.

The 4-year adjusted mean relative yields are also presented in graphical form on the following

pages for each individual cultivar.


page

17

St Andrews Canterbury Canterbury Canterbury

dryland yield irrigated yield mean yield

South Cant

Balfour

Nth Sthland

Oreti

Central

Sthland

Southland

mean yield

Seasons in

FAR trials

(Autumn

sown)

Claremont

silt loam

Crookston

silt loam

Drummond

silt loam

Dryland Dryland Dryland

4 9 14 23 4 4 8

92 94 95 95 101 98 99 13

102 101 96 98 101 97 99 7

101 103 103 103 104 103 104 3

99 99 95 97 96 94 95 7

92 99 97 98 111 96 103 1

- - - - - - - 12

92 94 96 95 98 96 97 4

106 105 98 100 101 100 100 8

98 100 99 99 104 100 102 6

94 97 95 96 102 98 100 13

102 97 102 101 81 103 94 1

105 103 106 105 108 105 106 5

100 101 102 101 100 100 100 2

106 103 106 105 87 104 96 1

101 102 106 104 107 103 105 2

108 103 103 103 99 102 100 1

100

(10.0)

100

(9.4)

100

(12.2)

100

(11.1)

100

(9.0)

100

(11.7)

100

(10.3)

8 5 4 3 10 7 6

12 8 7 5 16 11 9


page

18

wheat - 3 year adjusted mean

Autumn Sown (March) FEED/BISCUIT Wheat - relative yield by site

CULTIVAR

Chertsey

Dryland

Chertsey

Irrigated

St Andrews

Region Mid Cant Mid Cant South Cant

Soil type

Chertsey Silt

Loam

Chertsey Silt

Loam

Claremont silt

loam

Canterbury

dryland yield 1

Canterbury

mean yield

Seasons in

FAR trials

(Autumn

sown)

Dryland /

Irrigated

Dryland Irrigated Dryland

No. of trials 3 3 3 6 9

Claire* 94 103 98 96 98 13

Einstein 104 98 99 101 100 7

Empress

(CRWT157)

105 103 111 108 106 3

Excede 103 97 101 102 100 7

Orator

(KWW34)

92 96 95 94 94 4

Phoenix* 101 96 104 102 100 8

Richmond 103 102 91 97 99 6

Savannah 92 96 91 91 93 13

Wakanui 98 105 103 101 102 5

KWW42 105 101 98 101 101 2

KWW46 105 103 108 107 105 2

Site mean yield

(and t/ha)

100

(9.4)

100

(12.4)

100

(10.2)

100

(9.8)

100

(10.7)

LSD (estab. cv) 6 7 14 7 5

LSD

(new vs est)

8 10 19 10 7

* Biscuit and feed wheat standards which appear in both feed and milling wheat trials to allow

cross comparisons.

1

Canterbury irrigated yield is given in the Chertsey irrigated column, since there was only one

irrigated site.

LSD (estab. cv) is for comparing two “established” cultivars (that have both been in all trials).

LSD (new vs est) is for comparing a “new” (first year) cultivar with an “established” cultivar; note that

KWW42 and KWW46 are “new” to the March-sown series of trials (second-year in autumn-sown overall).


wheat - 4 year adjusted mean

page

19

Autumn Sown MILLING Wheat Canterbury - relative yield by site

CULTIVAR Norwood Wakanui Dorie

Region

Soil Type

Dryland /

Irrigated

Central

Cant

Stoney

Lismore

silt loam

Mid Cant

Wakanui

clay loam

Mid Cant

Templeton

silt loam

Irrigated Irrigated Irrigated

Canterbury

dryland

yield 1

Canterbury

irrigated

yield

Canterbury

mean yield

Seasons

in FAR

trials

(Autumn

sown)

No. of trials 4 4 2 3 11 14

Claire* 104 103 107 94 104 102 13

Conquest 94 91 91 95 92 92 8

Majestic

(CRWT139)

89 96 90 96 91 92 4

Morph 109 107 104 104 107 107 12

Phoenix* 105 113 107 114 109 110 8

Raffles 102 109 108 103 107 106 9

Sage 100 102 104 93 101 100 4

Saracen 101 96 89 100 96 97 5

Torlesse 102 98 97 97 99 99 10

Tribute 103 98 99 94 100 99 10

CRWT151 104 100 100 110 101 102 3

CRWT185 97 92 103 - 98 98 1

CRWT188 90 95 101 - 96 95 1

Site mean yield

(and t/ha)

LSD

(estab. cv)

LSD

(new vs est)

100

(9.5)

100

(11.0)

100

(11.1)

100

(6.4)

100

(10.3)

100

(9.4)

8 8 8 11 4 4

12 12 9 - 8 7

* Biscuit and feed wheat standards which appear in both feed and milling wheat trials to allow

cross comparisons.

- Cultivar not included for that series of sites.

1

No dryland trials this season or last season, so dryland trials were in the two previous seasons.

LSD(estab. cv) is for comparing two “established” cultivars (that have both been in all trials).

LSD(new vs est) is for comparing a “new” (first year) cultivar with an “established” cultivar.

The 4-year adjusted mean relative yields are also presented in graphical form on the following pages

for each individual cultivar.


page

20 feed/biscuit wheat cultivar descriptions

CLAIRE

YEAR 13 EINSTEIN

YEAR 7

A high yielding cultivar in southern North

Island, but average to below average yielding

in the South Island with feed or biscuit

end-use options. Relatively susceptible to

most diseases but has moderate resistance

to leaf rust. Moderate straw strength. Yield

may be limited in the second year wheat

situation. Be aware of sprouting risk.

UK feed wheat with average yield on dryland

trial sites. This cultivar has moderate

susceptibility to most diseases, but is

moderately resistant to powdery mildew.

Good standing power, intermediate-late

maturity and low sprouting risk.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

Wakanui

Temuka

St. Andrews

Balfour

Oreti

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 94

Irrigated sites (4 year) 95

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Mostly susceptible

Moderately susceptible

Mostly susceptible*

Moderately resistant

Moderately susceptible*

Moderately susceptible

Moderate

Medium-Tall

Late

Moderate-High

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 42 45 49

Test weight (kg/hl) 61 70 73

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.5 10.5 10.0

Falling number (sec) 263 296 326

Screenings (%) 4.8 1.9 2.1

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

91

94

98

95

99

92

101

98

107

80 90 100 110 120

Biscuit, feed

Nickerson International Research SNC

PGG Wrightson Grain

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

Wakanui

Temuka

St. Andrews

Balfour

Oreti

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 101

Irrigated sites (4 year) 96

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Unknown

Mostly susceptible

Moderately susceptible*

Moderately susceptible

Moderately resistant

Moderately susceptible

Moderate-Stiff

Medium

Intermediate-Late

Low

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 41 49 51

Test weight (kg/hl) 62 72 74

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.8 10.4 10.1

Falling number (sec) 268 304 324

Screenings (%) 5.4 1.5 1.9

END USE

BACKGROUND

101

94

102

98

93

102

102

101

97

80 90 100 110 120

Feed

Breeder Nickerson International Research SNC

Head licensee

PGG Wrightson Grain

Agent

Cates Grain and Seed

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)


page

21

EMPRESS (CRWT157) YEAR 3

Above average yielding biscuit wheat in

the South Island, but below average in the

southern North Island. Empress has good

resistance against foliar diseases. It is of

medium height with stiff straw strength.

EXCEDE YEAR 7

Average yielding European feed cultivar at

dryland trial sites in Canterbury. Excede is

mostly susceptible to septoria leaf blotch

but has moderate disease resistance

against most other foliar diseases. Has

good straw strength and low sprouting risk.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

Wakanui

Temuka

St. Andrews

Balfour

Oreti

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 103

Irrigated sites (4 year) 103

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Unknown

Moderately resistant

Mostly resistant

Moderately resistant*

Moderately resistant

Unknown

Stiff

Medium

Intermediate

Low-Moderate

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 36 44 47

Test weight (kg/hl) 57 69 74

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.7 10.6 10.0

Falling number (sec) 251 304 326

Screenings (%) 6.0 1.4 0.9

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

95

104

104

102

106

102

101

104

103

80 90 100 110 120

Biscuit

Plant & Food Research

Luisetti Seeds, Canterbury Seed

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

106

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

99

101

96

Wakanui 90

Temuka

St. Andrews

Balfour

Oreti

80 90

98

99

96

94

100 110 120

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 99

Irrigated sites (4 year) 95

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Unknown

Septoria leaf blotch

Mostly susceptible

Stripe rust

Moderately resistant

Leaf rust

Moderately resistant

Powdery mildew

Moderately resistant

Fusarium head blight

Moderately resistant

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Stiff

Crop height

Short

Maturity

Intermediate-Late

Sprouting risk

Low

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 45 49 51

Test weight (kg/hl) 64 73 75

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.9 10.8 10.6

Falling number (sec) 237 323 356

Screenings (%) 2.2 0.9 0.9

END USE

Feed

BACKGROUND

Head licensee

Plant & Food Research

Agent

Luisetti Seeds,

Canterbury Seed

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.


page

22

feed/biscuit wheat cultivar descriptions

KINGDOM (CMWW06) YEAR 1

A feed cultivar with yields ranging from

below average to high yielding. Shows

some resistance to leaf rust and septoria

leaf blotch, but is mostly susceptible to

stripe rust. A medium height crop with

stiff straw strength and low to moderate

sprouting risk.

ORATOR (KWW34) YEAR 4

Biscuit wheat with similar yield to Claire.

Moderately resistant to foliar diseases. Slow

developer that can be planted early with a

stiff straw. Moderate to high sprouting risk.

RELATIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

107

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

102

105

99

Wakanui 89

Temuka

98

St. Andrews 92

Balfour

111

Oreti

80 90

96

100 110 120

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 99

Irrigated sites (4 year) 97

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Unknown

Septoria leaf blotch

Moderately resistant

Stripe rust

Mostly susceptible

Leaf rust

Mostly resistant

Powdery mildew

Unknown

Fusarium head blight

Unknown

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Stiff

Crop height

Medium

Maturity

Intermediate-Late

Sprouting risk

Low-Moderate

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 39 47 50

Test weight (kg/hl) 61 68 74

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 12.9 10.6 10.3

Falling number (sec) 172 340 353

Screenings (%) 3.6 1.0 1.7

END USE

Feed

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Syngenta Crop Protection Ag

Agent

Cropmark Seeds

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

Wakanui

Temuka

St. Andrews

Balfour

Oreti

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 94

Irrigated sites (4 year) 96

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Unknown

Moderately resistant

Moderately resistant

Moderately resistant

Moderately resistant

Unknown

Stiff

Medium

Late

Moderate-High

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 41 46 50

Test weight (kg/hl) 64 71 75

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.6 10.6 10.2

Falling number (sec) 256 299 305

Screenings (%) 4.9 2.2 2.0

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

96

96

96

96

95

95

92

98

96

80 90 100 110 120

Biscuit

Nickerson International Research SNC

PGG Wrightson Grain

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.


page

23

PHOENIX YEAR 8

Highest yielding feed wheat at dryland trial

sites. Good resistance to many diseases

except for leaf rust and BYDV. Moderate

plant height with good standing ability. Low

sprouting risk.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls 90

Methven

99

Chertsey (Dryland)

103

Chertsey (Irrigated)

97

Wakanui

102

Temuka

94

St. Andrews

106

Balfour

Oreti

80 90

101

100

100 110 120

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 105

Irrigated sites (4 year) 98

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Moderately susceptible

Moderately resistant

Moderately resistant

Mostly susceptible

Mostly resistant

Mostly resistant

Moderate

Medium

Intermediate-Late

Low

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 45 53 54

Test weight (kg/hl) 63 72 74

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 12.2 11.1 10.7

Falling number (sec) 258 343 358

Screenings (%) 2.8 1.1 0.6

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

Feed

Nickerson International Research SNC

PGG Wrightson Grain

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.

RICHMOND YEAR 6

An average yielding feed cultivar in

Canterbury and high yielding in the southern

North Island. Moderate resistance to

powdery mildew, fusarium head blight and

stripe rust. Monitor for septoria leaf blotch

and leaf rust. Richmond is late maturing

with a stiff straw and low to moderate

sprouting risk.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

106

Methven

100

Chertsey (Dryland)

102

Chertsey (Irrigated)

102

Wakanui 90

Temuka

104

St. Andrews

98

Balfour

104

Oreti

100

80 90 100 110 120

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 100

Irrigated sites (4 year) 99

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Unknown

Septoria leaf blotch

Moderately susceptible

Stripe rust

Moderately resistant

Leaf rust

Moderately susceptible*

Powdery mildew

Moderately resistant

Fusarium head blight

Moderately resistant

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Stiff

Crop height

Medium

Maturity

Late

Sprouting risk

Low-Moderate

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 40 46 49

Test weight (kg/hl) 63 71 74

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 12.0 10.6 10.0

Falling number (sec) 248 295 304

Screenings (%) 4.6 1.6 2.5

END USE

Feed

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Limagrain

Head licensee

Plant Research Ltd

Agent

Midlands Seed Ltd

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)


page

24 feed/biscuit wheat cultivar descriptions

SAVANNAH YEAR 13

Below average yielding feed wheat except

for at Methven and Balfour where yields

were above average. Susceptible to most

diseases apart from powdery mildew. A late

maturing feed wheat with moderate straw

strength and low to moderate sprouting

potential.

SY EPSON (NFC10739) YEAR 1

A biscuit wheat which in its first year of

CPT2 yielded above average on irrigated

sites. SY Epson out yielded Claire by 3% in

its last year of CPT1. Mostly susceptible to

stripe rust with moderate resistance to leaf

rust and septoria leaf blotch. SY Epson has

a stiff straw but can be prone to sprouting.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

Wakanui

Temuka

St. Andrews

Balfour

Oreti

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 97

Irrigated sites (4 year) 95

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Moderately susceptible

Susceptible

Moderately susceptible*

Mostly susceptible*

Mostly resistant

Moderately susceptible

Moderate

Medium

Late

Low-Moderate

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 45 51 56

Test weight (kg/hl) 63 71 74

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.5 9.9 9.6

Falling number (sec) 219 263 237

Screenings (%) 3.3 1.4 1.6

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

89

88

94

102

95

98

94

102

98

80 90 100 110 120

Feed

Nickerson International Research SNC

PGG Wrightson Grain

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)

RELATIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

Wakanui

Temuka

St. Andrews

Balfour

Oreti

102

97

101

101

110

100

102

81

103

80 90 100 110 120

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 97

Irrigated sites (4 year) 102

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Unknown

Septoria leaf blotch

Moderately resistant

Stripe rust

Mostly susceptible

Leaf rust

Moderately resistant

Powdery mildew

Unknown

Fusarium head blight

Unknown

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Stiff

Crop height

Short-Medium

Maturity

Intermediate

Sprouting risk

Moderate-High

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 43 48 51

Test weight (kg/hl) 63 70 72

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.4 10.4 10.5

Falling number (sec) 228 309 308

Screenings (%) 2.9 1.5 0.8

END USE

Biscuit

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Syngenta Crop Protection Ag

Agent

Cropmark Seeds

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.


page

25

WAKANUI

YEAR 5 KWW42

YEAR 2

High yielding feed cultivar particularly on

irrigated sites. Below average at dryland

Chertsey site. Good resistance to most

diseases, but moderately susceptible to

powdery mildew. Late maturing and tall but

with a stiff straw.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

Wakanui

Temuka

St. Andrews

Balfour

Oreti

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 103

Irrigated sites (4 year) 106

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Unknown

Moderately resistant

Mostly resistant

Moderately resistant

Moderately susceptible

Moderately resistant

Stiff

Tall

Late

Moderate

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 44 49 53

Test weight (kg/hl) 66 73 75

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 10.8 10.0 9.6

Falling number (sec) 178 240 223

Screenings (%) 2.3 1.0 0.9

END USE

BACKGROUND

106

107

96

102

108

109

105

108

105

80 90 100 110 120

Feed

Breeder

Plant & Food Research

Agent

Luisetti Seeds,

Canterbury Seed

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.

KWW42 is a feed cultivar which has

produced mostly above average yields

on Canterbury irrigated sites. Moderately

susceptible to both leaf rust and septoria

leaf blotch. Shows good resistance to

stripe rust and to a lesser extent to powdery

mildew. KWW42 is stiff strawed with high

thousand grain weight with low to moderate

sprouting risk.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

Wakanui

Temuka

St. Andrews

Balfour

Oreti

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 101

Irrigated sites (4 year) 102

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Unknown

Moderately susceptible

Mostly resistant

Moderately susceptible

Moderately resistant

Unknown

Stiff

Medium

Intermediate-Late

Low-Moderate

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 45 53 53

Test weight (kg/hl) 59 70 73

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 13.2 11.1 10.2

Falling number (sec) 174 267 250

Screenings (%) 3.9 1.3 1.9

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

100

104

102

101

104

97

100

100

100

80 90 100 110 120

Feed

Nickerson International Research SNC

PGG Wrightson Grain

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.


page

26 feed/biscuit wheat cultivar descriptions

KWW45

DISCONTINUED.

YEAR 1 KWW46

YEAR 2

High yielding feed cultivar particularly on

irrigated sites. Moderately susceptible

to both leaf rust and septoria leaf blotch.

Moderate resistance to stripe rust and

powdery mildew. KWW46 is stiff strawed

with moderate sprouting risk.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

Wakanui

Temuka

St. Andrews

Balfour

Oreti

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 103

Irrigated sites (4 year) 106

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Unknown

Moderately resistant

Moderately resistant

Mostly susceptible

Unknown

Unknown

Stiff

Medium-Tall

Intermediate-Late

Low

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 42 50 51

Test weight (kg/hl) 60 70 72

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.5 10.0 10.0

Falling number (sec) 198 278 266

Screenings (%) 3.0 1.2 1.1

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

89

102

97

100

114

106

106

87

104

80 90 100 110 120

Biscuit

Nickerson International Research SNC

PGG Wrightson Grain

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

100

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

Wakanui

Temuka

St. Andrews

Balfour

Oreti

106

104

107

103

107

101

107

103

80 90 100 110 120

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 102

Irrigated sites (4 year) 106

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Unknown

Moderately susceptible

Moderately resistant

Moderately susceptible

Moderately resistant

Unknown

Stiff

Medium

Intermediate-Late

Moderate

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 38 46 49

Test weight (kg/hl) 62 72 74

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.5 10.2 9.9

Falling number (sec) 171 224 164

Screenings (%) 4.8 1.8 2.5

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

Feed

Nickerson International Research SNC

PGG Wrightson Grain

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.


page

27

KWW47 YEAR 1

Above average yielding biscuit wheat

in Canterbury, but below average in the

southern North Island. KWW47 out yielded

Claire by 8% in its last year of CPT1.

Moderately resistant to leaf rust and septoria

leaf blotch. Shows moderate susceptibility

to some stripe rust pathotypes. A medium

to tall variety with good straw strength.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Methven

Chertsey (Dryland)

Chertsey (Irrigated)

Wakanui

Temuka

St. Andrews

Balfour

Oreti

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 103

Irrigated sites (4 year) 103

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Unknown

Moderately resistant

Moderately susceptible*

Moderately resistant

Unknown

Unknown

Stiff

Medium-Tall

Intermediate-Late

Low-Moderate

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 39 50 52

Test weight (kg/hl) 61 70 74

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.8 10.2 9.9

Falling number (sec) 230 264 260

Screenings (%) 3.9 1.4 2.3

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

92

96

98

102

101

99

102

108

112

80 90 100 110 120

Biscuit

Nickerson International Research SNC

PGG Wrightson Grain

Note: Yields are relative to other feed/biscuit wheats only.

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)


page

28

milling wheat cultivar descriptions

CONQUEST YEAR 8

Premium milling cultivar with strong straw and

excellent sprouting resistance. Early maturing,

it can be sown from May to September or later

under irrigation. Conquest has become mostly

susceptible to a new leaf rust pathotype. It has

moderate resistance to stripe rust and septoria

leaf blotch. It produces high test weights but

low grain weights. It has low screenings, high

protein and high falling number.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

MAJESTIC (CRWT139) YEAR 4

Below average yielding milling wheat. It

has good disease resistance, however

is moderately susceptible to powdery

mildew. An intermediate to late maturing

cultivar with a stiff straw. Majestic has a low

thousand grain weight and high screening

percentage but high falling numbers.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Norwood

94

Norwood

89

Dorie

91

Dorie

90

Wakanui

91

Wakanui

96

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 95

Irrigated sites (4 year) 92

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Moderately susceptible

Moderately resistant

Moderately resistant

Mostly susceptible*

Moderately susceptible

Moderately susceptible

Moderate-Stiff

Medium

Early-Intermediate

Low

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 44

Test weight (kg/hl) 76

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 12.7

Falling number (sec) 378

Screenings (%) 0.9

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

80 90 100 110 120

Premium Milling

Plant & Food Research

Luisetti Seeds

Note: Yields are relative to other milling wheats only.

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)

80 90 100 110 120

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 96

Irrigated sites (4 year) 91

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Unknown

Septoria leaf blotch

Moderately resistant

Stripe rust

Mostly resistant

Leaf rust

Mostly resistant

Powdery mildew

Moderately susceptible

Fusarium head blight

Unknown

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Stiff

Crop height

Short-Moderate

Maturity

Intermediate-Late

Sprouting risk

Low-Moderate

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 43

Test weight (kg/hl) 75

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.4

Falling number (sec) 364

Screenings (%) 3.0

END USE

Bread

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Plant & Food Research

Agent

Luisetti Seeds

Note: Yields are relative to other milling wheats only.


page

29

MORPH YEAR 12

High yielding when autumn sown but do be

careful of lodging when sown early as it has

weak to moderate straw strength. Monitor

for septoria leaf blotch and leaf rust. Good

resistance to powdery mildew and stripe

rust. It has a low to moderate sprouting risk.

RAFFLES YEAR 9

High yielding feed and gristing cultivar.

Large grain with heavy test weights. Mostly

susceptible to leaf and stripe rust. Moderate

resistance to powdery mildew and septoria

leaf blotch. A tall cultivar with moderate

straw strength and low sprouting risk.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

108

Bulls

Norwood

109

Norwood

102

Dorie

104

Dorie

108

Wakanui

107

Wakanui

109

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 104

Irrigated sites (4 year) 107

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Moderately susceptible

Moderately susceptible

Mostly resistant

Moderately susceptible*

Resistant

Moderately resistant

Weak-Moderate

Medium

Intermediate

Low-Moderate

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 41 43

Test weight (kg/hl) 64 69

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 12.0 10.3

Falling number (sec) 263 315

Screenings (%) 2.7 1.9

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

80 90 100 110 120

Feed

Nickerson International Research SNC

PGG Wrightson Grain

Note: Yields are relative to milling wheats only.

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)

80 90 100 110 120

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 103

Irrigated sites (4 year) 107

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Moderately susceptible

Septoria leaf blotch

Moderately resistant

Stripe rust

Mostly susceptible

Leaf rust

Mostly susceptible

Powdery mildew

Moderately resistant

Fusarium head blight Moderately susceptible

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Moderate

Crop height

Tall

Maturity

Intermediate

Sprouting risk

Low

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 52

Test weight (kg/hl) 75

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 10.7

Falling number (sec) 383

Screenings (%) 1.1

END USE

Gristing, feed

BACKGROUND

Breeder

CPB Twyford, UK

Agent

Canterbury Seed

Note: Yields are relative to other milling wheats only.


page

30 milling wheat cultivar descriptions

SAGE YEAR 4

Higher yielding milling wheat than

Conquest at irrigated sites. It has a high

protein content. Reasonably resistant to

disease with the exception of stripe rust. A

tall strawed cultivar with weak to moderate

straw strength so consider a PGR. Low

sprouting risk.

SARACEN YEAR 5

Saracen is a milling wheat that has yielded

4 to 5% higher than Conquest. Monitor for

leaf rust and fusarium head blight. Saracen

is short strawed with excellent straw

strength. It has low sprouting risk and a

high falling number.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Norwood

100

Norwood

101

Dorie

104

Dorie

89

Wakanui

102

Wakanui

96

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 93

Irrigated sites (4 year) 101

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Unknown

Moderately resistant

Mostly susceptible

Moderately resistant

Mostly resistant

Moderately resistant

Weak-Moderate

Tall

Intermediate-Late

Low

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 53

Test weight (kg/hl) 75

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 12.1

Falling number (sec) 325

Screenings (%) 1.3

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

80 90 100 110 120

Bread

RAGT, UK

PGG Wrightson Grain

Note: Yields are relative to other milling wheats only.

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)

80 90 100 110 120

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 100

Irrigated sites (4 year) 96

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Unknown

Septoria leaf blotch

Moderately resistant

Stripe rust

Moderately resistant

Leaf rust

Mostly susceptible

Powdery mildew

Moderately resistant

Fusarium head blight Moderately susceptible

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Stiff

Crop height

Short

Maturity

Intermediate

Sprouting risk

Low

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 49

Test weight (kg/hl) 74

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.3

Falling number (sec) 358

Screenings (%) 1.5

END USE

Bread

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Plant & Food Research

Agent

Luisetti Seeds

Note: Yields are relative to other milling wheats only.


page

31

TORLESSE YEAR 10

Well proven NZ bred milling cultivar yielding

7% higher than Conquest. Monitor for

septoria leaf blotch, stripe rust and fusarium

head blight. This cultivar has a stiff straw

but has a moderate to high sprouting risk.

TRIBUTE YEAR 10

Canterbury bred white weetbix wheat.

An intermediate maturity with stiff straw.

Can suffer a physiological blotch similar

to Regency. Moderately resistant to many

diseases, but monitor for powdery mildew.

Be aware of high sprouting risk.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Norwood

102

Norwood

103

Dorie

97

Dorie

99

Wakanui

98

Wakanui

98

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 97

Irrigated sites (4 year) 99

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Susceptible

Mostly susceptible

Moderately susceptible*

Moderately resistant*

Mostly resistant

Moderately susceptible

Stiff

Short-Moderate

Intermediate

Moderate-High

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 45

Test weight (kg/hl) 75

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.4

Falling number (sec) 348

Screenings (%) 1.3

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

80 90 100 110 120

Bread

PGG Wrightson Grain

PGG Wrightson Grain

Note: Yields are relative to other milling wheats only.

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)

80 90 100 110 120

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 94

Irrigated sites (4 year) 100

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Moderately susceptible

Septoria leaf blotch

Moderately resistant

Stripe rust

Moderately resistant*

Leaf rust

Moderately resistant

Powdery mildew

Moderately susceptible*

Fusarium head blight

Moderately resistant

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Stiff

Crop height

Short-Medium

Maturity

Intermediate

Sprouting risk

High

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 44

Test weight (kg/hl) 71

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 10.9

Falling number (sec) 251

Screenings (%) 2.1

END USE

Weetbix/bread

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Plant & Food Research

Agent

Luisetti Seeds

Note: Yields are relative to other milling wheats only.

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)


page

32 milling wheat cultivar descriptions

CRWT151 YEAR 3

CRWT151 has yielded 10% higher than

Conquest. Moderately susceptible to many

foliar diseases but shows some resistance

to stripe rust. A short stiff straw with low to

moderate sprouting risk.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

CRWT185 YEAR 1

A potential premium milling wheat that

in its last year of CPT1 and first year of

CPT2 yielded 6% higher than Conquest.

CRWT185 is mostly susceptible to powdery

mildew, moderately susceptible to septoria

leaf blotch although moderately resistant

to stripe rust. High protein, good straw

strength and low risk of sprouting.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Norwood

104

Norwood

97

Dorie

100

Dorie

103

Wakanui

100

Wakanui

92

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) 110

Irrigated sites (4 year) 101

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Unknown

Moderately susceptible

Moderately resistant

Moderately susceptible

Moderately susceptible

Unknown

Stiff

Short

Intermediate

Low-Moderate

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 47

Test weight (kg/hl) 78

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 11.5

Falling number (sec) 369

Screenings (%) 1.7

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

80 90 100 110 120

Bread

Plant & Food Research

Luisetti Seeds

Note: Yields are relative to other milling wheats only.

80 90 100 110 120

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) -

Irrigated sites (4 year) 98

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Unknown

Septoria leaf blotch

Moderately susceptible

Stripe rust

Mostly resistant

Leaf rust

Unknown

Powdery mildew

Mostly susceptible

Fusarium head blight

Unknown

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Moderate-Stiff

Crop height

Medium

Maturity

Early-Intermediate

Sprouting risk

Low

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 48

Test weight (kg/hl) 75

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 12.5

Falling number (sec) 349

Screenings (%) 1.5

END USE

Bread

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Plant & Food Research

Agent

Luisetti Seeds

Note: Yields are relative to other milling wheats only.

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)


page

33

CRWT188 YEAR 1

A potential premium milling wheat that

in its last year of CPT1 yielded 6% and

first year of CPT2 yielded 3% higher than

Conquest. Good resistance to septoria leaf

blotch, stripe rust and powdery mildew. A

moderate to stiff strawed cultivar with low

sprouting risk and high protein.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Bulls

Norwood

90

Dorie

101

Wakanui

95

IRRIGATION RESPONSE (Canterbury relative yield)

Dryland sites (4 year) -

Irrigated sites (4 year) 96

DISEASE RESISTANCE

BYDV

Septoria leaf blotch

Stripe rust

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Fusarium head blight

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

Sprouting risk

Unknown

Moderately resistant

Mostly resistant

Unknown

Mostly resistant

Unknown

Moderate-Stiff

Medium

Intermediate

Low

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Sth Nth Is Canty Sthld

TGW (g) 44

Test weight (kg/hl) 74

Protein (%) (N% x 5.7) 12.4

Falling number (sec) 353

Screenings (%) 2.8

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Agent

80 90 100 110 120

Bread

Plant & Food Research

Luisetti Seeds

Note: Yields are relative to other milling wheats only.


page

34

barley - trial site details

Balfour, Eastern Southland

Operator: Stewart Armstrong

Host Grower: Earl Dillon

Soil: Lintley silt loam, Dryland

The trial was sown on 4 May 2012 into a crop of

Tavern following winter wheat. The site received

a total of 126 kg N/ha. Two herbicide mixes and

two fungicides were applied over the season.

The trial was harvested on 8 February 2013.

SHEFFIELD

RAKAIA

BALFOUR

2012/2013 trial site location map

Rakaia, Mid Canterbury

Operator: Matthew Hicks

Host Grower: Adin Geeson

Soil: Templeton silt loam, Irrigated

This trial was sown in a paddock of Sumit

following wheat on 6 May 2012. A total of 161 kg

N/ha was applied in two split applications during

the spring. The trial received two herbicides and

a desiccant prior to harvest. Three fungicides

were applied between August and October. A

PGR was applied in late October. The trial was

irrigated three times totalling 110 mm. The trial

was harvested on 24 January 2013.

Sheffield, Central Canterbury

Operator: Matthew Hicks

Host Grower: Stuart Wright

Soil: Lyndhurst silt loam, Dryland

This barley trial was sown following wheat into a

surrounding crop of Quench on 3 May 2012. 161

Kg N/ha was applied in three split applications.

Two herbicide mixes and two insecticides were

applied during the season. Four fungicides were

applied between September and December.

The trial was harvested on 29 January 2013.


arley - agronomic comment

page

35

Autumn Sown Barley - Agronomic Comment 2012/2013 Season

CULTIVAR

Years

in FAR

trials

Scald

Net

blotch

Leaf

rust

Powdery

Mildew

BYDV

Spot form

of net

blotch

Ramularia

Straw

strength

Crop

height

Maturity

Booma 5 MS MR MS MR Unknown Unknown Unknown Moderate Med-tall Early-int

Calibre

(CRBA124)

3 MSS (MR) MS (MR) Unknown Unknown Unknown Moderate Med-tall Early-int

County 11 MS* MS MR MS MSS MS MS Mod-stiff Medium Int-late

Fairview 10 MSS MRR MS* HS MS Unknown MRR Moderate Medium Early-int

Garner

(NFC406-112)

2 MS* Unknown MS (MR) Unknown Unknown Unknown Stiff Med-tall Intermediate

Jimpy 6 MR MR MS MS (MR) Unknown Unknown Mod-stiff Medium Int-late

Kelim

(SYN409-202)

1 (MS) (MS) (MS) Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Stiff Tall Intermediate

Quench 7 MR MS MSS MRR MS Unknown MS Moderate Medium Int-late

Sanette

(SYN409-226)

1 (MR) (MR) (MS) Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Mod-stiff Medium Early-int

Snakebite 5 MS MSS MS MS (MS) Unknown Unknown Stiff Medium Early-int

Sumit

(NFC407-142)

2 MR MS MS (MS) Unknown Unknown Unknown Stiff Short-med Early-int

Tavern 12 MR MS MSS MR* MS MS MS Stiff Short-med Intermediate

SYN408-190 1 (MR) (MR) (MS) Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Moderate Medium Intermediate

Disease susecptibility sourced from FAR-funded Disease Nurseries and CPT trials (assessments carried out by Plant & Food Research).

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average).

Unknown’ indicates there is insufficient trial information in NZ to assess resistance.

Key

(brackets) indicate there is limited NZ trial data to assess resistance.

HS = highly susceptible

S = susceptible

MSS = mostly susceptible

MS = moderately susceptible

MRMS = intermediate resistance

MR = moderately resistant

MRR = mostly resistant

R = resistant


page

36 barley - 2012/2013 yield (t/ha)

Autumn Sown Barley

CultIVar Rakaia Sheffield Canterbury

mean yield

Mid Central

Region

Canterbury Canterbury

Soil type

Templeton silt

loam

Lyndhurst silt

loam

Balfour

Eastern

Southland

Lintley silt

loam

Previous crop Wheat Wheat Wheat

Sowing date 6-May-12 3-May-12 4-May-12

Harvest date 24-Jan-13 29-Jan-13 8-Feb-13

Dryland / Irrigated Irrigated Dryland Dryland

Seasons in

far trials

(Autumn sown)

Booma 8.8 6.1 7.4 7.6 5

Calibre (CRBA124) 8.2 6.0 7.1 7.9 3

County 8.8 6.4 7.6 7.8 11

Fairview 7.5 5.4 6.4 7.4 10

Garner

(NFC406-112)

8.3 6.6 7.5 7.9 2

Jimpy 8.0 6.4 7.2 7.7 5

Kelim

(SYN409-202)

8.0 5.9 7.0 7.6 1

Quench 8.5 6.7 7.6 7.4 7

Sanette

(SYN409-226)

9.6 7.5 8.6 8.7 1

Snakebite 8.8 6.4 7.6 7.7 5

Sumit

(NFC407-142)

9.1 6.9 8.0 8.3 2

Tavern 8.8 6.7 7.7 7.6 12

SYN408-190 8.8 6.4 7.6 8.3 1

Site mean yield 8.6 6.4 7.5 7.8

LSD 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4

CV% 4.6 4.0 - 3.9


arley - 2012/2013 grain quality

page

37

Autumn Sown Barley

Canterbury

CultIVar

T.G.W. (g)

Test Weight

(kg/hl)

Protein (%)

(N% x 6.25)

Screenings

(%)

Booma 40 66 7.6 3.7

Calibre (CRBA124) 46 63 7.3 2.8

County 44 65 7.2 2.7

Fairview 46 68 8.3 2.3

Garner (NFC406-112) 44 62 7.0 3.4

Jimpy 42 63 7.6 4.0

Kelim (SYN409-202) 48 64 7.3 2.1

Quench 47 66 7.4 1.7

Sanette (SYN409-226) 48 63 7.0 1.7

Snakebite 48 65 6.8 1.7

Sumit (NFC407-142) 45 64 7.5 2.2

Tavern 44 64 6.8 2.5

SYN408-190 50 64 7.6 1.2

Mean 46 64 7.3 2.5

LSD 2 2 0.6 1.1

Southland

CultIVar

T.G.W. (g)

Test Weight

(kg/hl)

Protein (%)

(N% x 6.25)

Screenings

(%)

Booma 40 63 8.0 4.1

Calibre (CRBA124) 42 59 8.2 5.5

County 46 62 7.5 2.9

Fairview 44 64 9.0 2.2

Garner (NFC406-112) 41 60 8.3 6.5

Jimpy 42 61 7.6 2.9

Kelim (SYN409-202) 45 58 7.6 2.3

Quench 41 61 9.3 3.8

Sanette (SYN409-226) 43 58 8.0 2.2

Snakebite 43 61 8.4 3.0

Sumit (NFC407-142) 41 60 9.1 6.1

Tavern 36 62 8.6 7.4

SYN408-190 47 61 9.4 2.2

Mean 42 61 8.4 3.9

LSD** - - - -

** No LSD available since only one site in Southland, so only one data value per cultivar.

The Canterbury and Southland quality data are also presented as 4 year means on the individual

cultivar description pages.


page

38 barley - 4 year adjusted mean

Autumn Sown Barley - 4 year adjusted mean - relative yield by site

CultIVar Rakaia Sheffield Canterbury

mean yield

Mid Central

Region

Canterbury Canterbury

Soil type

Templeton silt

loam

Lyndhurst silt

loam

Balfour

Eastern

Southland

Lintley silt

loam

Dryland / Irrigated Irrigated Dryland Dryland

No. of trials 3 3 6 4

Seasons in

far trials

(Autumn

sown)

Booma 105 98 101 96 5

Calibre (CRBA124) 98 95 96 96 3

County 101 102 101 103 11

Fairview 91 90 90 86 10

Garner

(NFC406-112)

98 100 99 103 2

Jimpy 95 97 96 102 5

Kelim (SYN409-202) 94 93 94 97 1

Quench 100 100 100 99 7

Sanette

(SYN409-226)

112 116 114 111 1

Snakebite 100 106 103 94 5

Sumit (NFC407-142) 102 101 102 107 2

Tavern 102 102 102 102 12

SYN408-190 103 100 101 105 1

Site mean yield

(and t/ha)

100

(9.0)

100

(7.1)

100

(8.0)

100

(8.2)

LSD (estab. cv) 5 9 5 8

LSD (new vs est) 7 13 6 10

Three year adjusted mean for Rakaia and Sheffield.

LSD (estab. cv) is for comparing two “established” cultivars (that have both been in all trials).

LSD (new vs est.) is for comparing a “new” (first year) cultivar with an “established” cultivar.

These 4-year adjusted mean relative yields are also presented in graphical form on the following pages

for each individual cultivar.


arley cultivar descriptions

page

39

BOOMA

YEAR 5 CALIBRE (CRBA124) YEAR 3

Booma is showing above average yields in

Rakaia. The cultivar has shown moderate

susceptibility to scald and leaf rust but

moderate resistance to net blotch and

powdery mildew. It has low thousand grain

weights and higher screenings.

Calibre has yielded below average. Monitor

for disease as mostly susceptible to scald

and moderately susceptible to leaf rust.

However, Calibre is moderately resistant to

net blotch and powdery mildew.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Sheffield

98

Sheffield

95

Rakaia

105

Rakaia

98

Balfour

96

Balfour

96

80 90 100 110 120 80 90 100 110 120

DISEASE RESISTANCE

Scald

Net blotch

Spot form of net blotch

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Barley yellow dwarf virus

Ramularia leaf spot

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means)

Moderately susceptible

Moderately resistant

Unknown

Moderately susceptible

Moderately resistant

Unknown

Unknown

Moderate

Moderate-Tall

Early-Intermediate

Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 43 44

Test weight (kg/hl) 65 62

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 8.2 9.1

Screenings (%) 4.9 6.1

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Head licensee

Agent

Feed

Sejet

Plant & Food Research

Luisetti Seeds

DISEASE RESISTANCE

Scald

Net blotch

Spot form of net blotch

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Barley yellow dwarf virus

Ramularia leaf spot

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means)

Mostly susceptible

Moderately resistant

Unknown

Moderately susceptible

Moderately resistant

Unknown

Unknown

Moderate

Medium-Tall

Early-Intermediate

Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 47 48

Test weight (kg/hl) 62 59

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 7.9 9.2

Screenings (%) 3.6 5.5

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Head licensee

Agent

Feed

Sejet

Plant & Food Research

Canterbury Seed


page

40

barley cultivar descriptions

COUNTY YEAR 11

Average to above average yielding

feed variety. The variety is moderately

susceptible to most diseases, it is however

moderately resistant to leaf rust.

FAIRVIEW YEAR 10

Below average yielding malting cultivar with

moderate straw strength, and crop height.

Fairview is quite disease susceptible

particularly to mildew and scald. It is mostly

resistant to net blotch and ramularia leaf

spot.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Sheffield

102

Sheffield

90

Rakaia

101

Rakaia

91

Balfour

103

80 90 100 110 120

DISEASE RESISTANCE

Scald

Moderately susceptible*

Net blotch

Moderately susceptible

Spot form of net blotch Moderately susceptible

Leaf rust

Moderately resistant

Powdery mildew

Moderately susceptible

Barley yellow dwarf virus Mostly susceptible

Ramularia leaf spot

Moderately susceptible

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Moderate-Stiff

Crop height

Medium

Maturity

Intermediate-Late

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 48 50

Test weight (kg/hl) 64 62

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 8.1 9.1

Screenings (%) 2.8 3.4

END USE

Feed

BACKGROUND

Breeder

New Farm Crops, UK

Head licensee

Cropmark Seeds

Agent

PGG Wrightson Grain

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)

Balfour

86

DISEASE RESISTANCE

80 90 100 110 120

Scald

Net blotch

Spot form of net blotch

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Barley yellow dwarf virus

Ramularia leaf spot

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means)

Mostly susceptible

Mostly resistant

Unknown

Moderately susceptible*

Highly susceptible

Moderately susceptible

Mostly resistant

Moderate

Medium

Early-Intermediate

Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 48 48

Test weight (kg/hl) 66 62

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 8.9 10.2

Screenings (%) 2.3 2.8

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Head licensee

Agent

Malting

Malteurop

Malteurop

Malteurop

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)


page

41

GARNER (NFC406-112) YEAR 2

Average yielding feed cultivar in Canterbury

and above average in Southland. Watch for

scald and leaf rust. Moderately resistant

to powdery mildew. Garner has produced

higher screenings.

JIMPY (H99003-20) YEAR 5

Below average yielding malting cultivar in

Canterbury, but above average in Southland.

Jimpy is moderately resistant to scald, BYDV

and net blotch, an important consideration for

early planting. It has moderate susceptibility

to leaf rust and powdery mildew.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Sheffield

100

Sheffield

97

Rakaia

98

Rakaia

95

Balfour

DISEASE RESISTANCE

80 90 100 110 120

Scald

Net blotch

Spot form of net blotch

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Barley yellow dwarf virus

Ramularia leaf spot

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means)

Moderately susceptible*

Unknown

Unknown

Moderately susceptible

Moderately resistant

Unknown

Unknown

Stiff

Medium-Tall

Intermediate

Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 46 47

Test weight (kg/hl) 61 60

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 7.6 9.5

Screenings (%) 4.6 6.4

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Head licensee

Agent

103

Feed

Syngenta Crop Protection Ag

Cropmark Seeds

PGG Wrightson Grain

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)

Balfour

102

80 90 100 110 120

DISEASE RESISTANCE

Scald

Moderately resistant

Net blotch

Moderately resistant

Spot form of net blotch

Unknown

Leaf rust

Moderately susceptible

Powdery mildew

Moderately susceptible

Barley yellow dwarf virus Moderately resistant

Ramularia leaf spot

Unknown

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Moderate-Stiff

Crop height

Medium

Maturity

Intermediate-Late

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 45 46

Test weight (kg/hl) 63 62

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 7.9 8.8

Screenings (%) 3.3 3.0

END USE

Malting

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Malteurop

Head licensee

Malteurop

Agent

Malteurop


page

42

barley cultivar descriptions

KELIM (SYN409-202) YEAR 1

Below average yielding feed cultivar in

Canterbury and Southland. Moderately

susceptible to net blotch, leaf rust and scald.

Kelim is tall with a stiff straw strength.

QUENCH YEAR 7

Average yielding feed variety. Good

resistance to scald and mildew but

susceptible to net blotch, leaf rust,

BYDV and ramularia. Moderate standing

power and crop height combined with

intermediate-late maturity.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Sheffield

93

Sheffield

100

Rakaia

94

Rakaia

100

Balfour

97

Balfour

99

DISEASE RESISTANCE

80 90 100 110 120

Scald

Net blotch

Spot form of net blotch

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Barley yellow dwarf virus

Ramularia leaf spot

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means)

Moderately susceptible

Moderately susceptible

Unknown

Moderately susceptible

Unknown

Unknown

Unknown

Stiff

Tall

Intermediate

Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 50 51

Test weight (kg/hl) 63 58

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 8.1 8.6

Screenings (%) 2.7 2.1

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Head licensee

Agent

Feed

Syngenta Crop Protection Ag

Cropmark Seeds

Not assigned

80 90 100 110 120

DISEASE RESISTANCE

Scald

Moderately resistant

Net blotch

Moderately susceptible

Spot form of net blotch

Unknown

Leaf rust

Mostly susceptible

Powdery mildew

Mostly resistant

Barley yellow dwarf virus Moderately susceptible

Ramularia leaf spot

Moderately susceptible

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Moderate

Crop height

Medium

Maturity

Intermediate-Late

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 48 48

Test weight (kg/hl) 64 61

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 8.1 9.6

Screenings (%) 2.2 2.7

END USE

Feed, malting potential

BACKGROUND

Breeder

New Farm Crops, UK

Head licensee

Cropmark Seeds

Agent

PGG Wrightson Grain,

Ruapehu Farm Supplies (NI)


page

43

SANETTE (SYN409-226) YEAR 1

High yielding feed and malting potential

cultivar, performing well in both Canterbury

and Southland trials. Moderately resistant

to scald and net blotch, and moderately

susceptible to leaf rust. A medium-tall variety

with moderate-stiff straw strength.

SNAKEBITE YEAR 5

Snakebite has yielded relatively higher

at the dryland Sheffield site compared

with the irrigated Rakaia site, with below

average yields in Southland. It is relatively

susceptible to a range of diseases.

Snakebite has stiff straw strength.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Sheffield

116

Sheffield

106

Rakaia

112

Rakaia

100

Balfour

111

Balfour

94

DISEASE RESISTANCE

80 90 100 110 120

Scald

Net blotch

Spot form of net blotch

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Barley yellow dwarf virus

Ramularia leaf spot

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means)

Moderately resistant

Moderately resistant

Unknown

Moderately susceptible

Unknown

Unknown

Unknown

Moderate-Stiff

Medium-Tall

Early-Intermediate

Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 50 49

Test weight (kg/hl) 62 58

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 7.7 9.0

Screenings (%) 2.2 1.9

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Head licensee

Agent

Feed, malting potential

Syngenta Crop Protection Ag

Cropmark Seeds

Not assigned

80 90 100 110 120

DISEASE RESISTANCE

Scald

Moderately susceptible

Net blotch

Mostly susceptible

Spot form of net blotch

Unknown

Leaf rust

Moderately susceptible

Powdery mildew

Moderately susceptible

Barley yellow dwarf virus Moderately susceptible

Ramularia leaf spot

Unknown

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Stiff

Crop height

Medium

Maturity

Early-Intermediate

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means) Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 50 49

Test weight (kg/hl) 64 61

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 7.9 9.7

Screenings (%) 1.6 3.1

END USE

Feed

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Syngenta Crop Protection Ag

Head licensee

Cropmark Seeds

Agent

Cropmark Seeds


page

44

barley cultivar descriptions

SUMIT (NFC407-142)

YEAR 2 TAVERN

YEAR 12

Sumit has yielded above average in

Canterbury and high in Southland. It

is moderately resistant to scald, but

moderately susceptible to leaf rust, mildew

and net blotch. This cultivar has stiff straw

and is early to intermediate maturing.

Tavern has had above average yields in

Canterbury and Southland. Excellent straw

strength combined with short-moderate

crop height. Monitor for disease as

susceptible to most diseases especially

leaf rust. Moderately resistant to scald and

powdery mildew.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Sheffield

101

Sheffield

102

Rakaia

102

Rakaia

102

Balfour

DISEASE RESISTANCE

80 90 100 110 120 80 90 100 110 120

Scald

Net blotch

Spot form of net blotch

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Barley yellow dwarf virus

Ramularia leaf spot

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means)

Moderately resistant

Moderately susceptible

Unknown

Moderately susceptible

Moderately susceptible

Unknown

Unknown

Stiff

Short-Medium

Early-Intermediate

Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 46 47

Test weight (kg/hl) 63 60

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 8.2 9.7

Screenings (%) 3.1 4.7

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Head licensee

Agent

107

Feed

Syngenta Crop Protection Ag

Cropmark Seeds

Seed Production

Balfour

DISEASE RESISTANCE

Scald

Net blotch

Spot form of net blotch

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Barley yellow dwarf virus

Ramularia leaf spot

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means)

Moderately resistant

Moderately susceptible

Moderately susceptible

Mostly susceptible

Moderately resistant*

Moderately susceptible

Moderately susceptible

Stiff

Short-Medium

Intermediate

Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 46 46

Test weight (kg/hl) 64 63

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 7.7 9.0

Screenings (%) 3.5 4.0

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Head licensee

Agent

102

Feed

New Farm Crops, UK

Cropmark Seeds

PGG Wrightson Grain

Scores followed by * indicate resistance is affected by pathotypes present (score is an average)


page

45

SYN408-190 YEAR 1

Average to above average yielding in

Canterbury and Southland. It is moderately

resistant to scald and net blotch, but

moderately susceptible to leaf rust. This

cultivar has medium height and moderate

straw strength and is intermediate maturing.

relatIVE YIelDS - 4 year adjusted mean

(% of site mean yield)

Sheffield

100

Rakaia

103

Balfour

105

DISEASE RESISTANCE

80 90 100 110 120

Scald

Net blotch

Spot form of net blotch

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Barley yellow dwarf virus

Ramularia leaf spot

FIELD CHARACTERISTICS

Straw strength

Crop height

Maturity

GRAIN QUALITY (4 year means)

Moderately resistant

Moderately resistant

Unknown

Moderately susceptible

Unknown

Unknown

Unknown

Moderate

Medium

Intermediate

Canterbury Southland

TGW (g) 52 52

Test weight (kg/hl) 64 60

Protein (%) (N% x 6.25) 8.3 10.4

Screenings (%) 1.7 1.9

END USE

BACKGROUND

Breeder

Head licensee

Agent

Feed

Syngenta Crop Protection Ag

Cropmark Seed

Not assigned


page

46 sowing date guidelines

Autumn Sown Wheat and Barley - Sowing Date Guidelines 2013

These guidelines have been constructed from FAR sowing date trial data combined with agronomic

experience and in the case of some new cultivars, UK information is also used.

‘Optimal’ sowing dates - ‘Less ideal’ sowing dates -

WHEAT MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUG SEPT OCT

Orator (KWW34)

KWW47

Phoenix

Claire

SY Epson (NFC10739)

Wakanui

Savannah

Einstein

Richmond

KWW42

KWW45

KWW46

Excede

Kingdom (CMWW06)

Empress (CRWT157)

Majestic (CRWT139)

CRWT186

Saracen

CRWT151

CRWT185

Tribute

Raffles

Torlesse

Conquest

Sage

Morph

Barley MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUG SEPT OCT

Quench

Tavern

Sumit (NFC407-142)

County

Booma

Calibre (CRBA124)

Jimpy

Garner (NFC406-112)

Snakebite

Kelim (409-202)

Sanette (409-226)

SYN408-190

Fairview

Note:

1. The earlier part of each sowing window may be more suited to higher altitudes and southerly latitudes.

2. Barley cultivars at the late sowing window are more suited to irrigated, higher fertility sites

3. Spring barley cultivars are also included.


sowing rate calculation

page

47

This calculation uses several variables to give an

accurate answer for suggested sowing rates.

To use the calculation you will need to know the

following:

• the plant population you want to establish for

your crop,

• the thousand grain weight of the seed,

• the germination percentage (%) of the seed,

• the expected crop emergence - this is

determined by time of sowing, seed quality

and management factors (e.g. seed treatment,

sowing depth, seed-bed quality).

The steps to follow are:

Thousand grain weight

If using certified seed, the value for thousand grain

weight (TGW) should be available on the seed

bag or on request. If you need to calculate it for

yourself, the number of seeds you will need to

count will depend on the accuracy of your scales.

Make sure your seed sample is representative of

the whole line.

i. If you have scales that will weigh to 0.1g, count

200 seeds, weigh them and multiply the weight

by 5 to get 1000 seed weight

ii. If not, count and weigh 1000 seeds.

Germination percentage (%)

This should also be on the bag label or on request.

A purity and germination (P&G) test figure is usually

quoted. Germination tests determine the maximum

germination potential of a given seed line. Under

certain conditions in the field it is often noted by

producers that the laboratory germination result

overestimates seedling emergence. Although there

are many factors that may influence the final plant

population, the observed differences are also a

result of the physiological quality of a particular

seed line and its tolerance to stress. Caution is

advised as the germination figure does not equate

to the percentage of seeds expected to emerge in

the field.

Emergence percentage (%)

Emergence percentage is an estimate based on

actual emergence in the field. Further information

can be gained from ‘stress tests’ and ‘vigour

tests’. These test results are not usually available

but should hopefully be on request. Experience

certainly helps when deciding on this figure.

Examples of emergence % could be:

• April sown: 90% emergence (assumes warm,

moist conditions)

• May sown: 85% emergence

• June sown: 80% emergence

• July sown: 75% emergence (assumes maybe

poorer quality seedbed, sown too deep, cold

soil conditions).

SOWING

RATE

(kg/ha)

=

target plant population (p/m 2 )

x TGW (g) x 100

% germination x % emergence

Examples:

Autumn wheat

A. wheat sample 1000 seed wt = 45g

B. % germination = 95%

C. % emergence = 90%

D. target plant density = 125 pl/m 2

E. required sowing rate is 66 kg/ha

Spring barley

A. barley sample 1000 seed wt = 40g

B. % germination = 90%

C. % emergence = 85%

D. target plant density = 225 pl/m2

E. required sowing rate is 118 kg/ha

The calculation can be transformed to determine

the actual emergence % achieved (useful if poor

establishment):

%

EMERGENCE

actual plant population (p/m 2 )

x TGW (g) x 100

sowing rate (kg/ha)

x % germination

The actual plant population needs to be counted

in the field (rod or quadrat methods) for the

above calculation, whilst TGW, sowing rate and

germination % are figures that were known

at drilling.


page

48

Issues for successful establishment

(in no particular order)

Seedbed: A trashy seedbed may reduce seed/

soil contact, thereby reducing germination, while

a compacted seedbed may restrict emergence. A

seedbed with large clods may also force emerging

seedlings to become deformed (and therefore

weakened) in their attempt to emerge.

Sowing depth: Sown too shallow, seed may be

subject to bird damage and susceptible to drying

out. If sown too deep, young plants will struggle to

emerge and may be weak and therefore prone to

disease or may become deformed. Check that your

drill is placing seed at its optimum depth.

Sowing Rates in general for

autumn sowings

Note: for most recent trial results relating to sowing

rates for autumn sown wheat, see FAR Arable

Updates Cereals No’s. 60, 85 and 100.

Generally establishment targets are:

• April 100 plants/m 2

• May 100-150 plants/m 2

• June 200 plants/m 2

Usually there is no real advantage of sowing more

than 200 plants/m 2 .

Nutrition and moisture: Plant roots follow

the easiest path for growth, so nutrition should

be placed near the roots. Some fertilisers will,

however, “burn” seedlings, so they must be placed

out of direct contact with the seed. Moisture is

essential for seed germination. Once germinated,

the young seedling is also very fragile and may dry

out rapidly if there is insufficient moisture in the root

zone. Too much moisture (waterlogging) will mean

oxygen starvation, which will lead to germination

failure or seedling death.

Weeds, diseases and pests: Weeds will

compete with the crop for light, moisture and

nutrients. Weeds may potentially be more of a

problem in thinly sown (or poorly established) crops.

The main disease problem for emerging seedlings

is fungi affecting the new roots but these are more

likely to occur in a cool, damp environment, when

seedlings are less vigorous and therefore more

prone to attack. Seed treatment with fungicides

may be beneficial if seed-borne diseases are a

concern, but these treatments may also delay

crop emergence. A wide range of pests can cause

problems - slugs, weevils, grass grubs, etc. If these

are present, control options need to be evaluated.

Time of sowing: Crops sown in the early

autumn or late spring, when soil temperatures

are warm and moisture is (hopefully) ideal, should

mean rapid germination and a high emergence rate

of seedlings. The autumn sown crops will also have

more opportunity to tiller, so sowing rates will need

to take this into account.


seed quality and seed treatments

page

49

For further reading see FAR Arable Update Cereals No’s.15, 65, 66, and 81.

Seed Quality

High quality seed has:

• < 10% Fusarium/Microdochium;

• > 95% germination;

• > 40g TSW;

• low abnormals and

• good vigour.

Table: Attributes of example lines

UNTREATED

TREATED

Line Germ Abnorm Remain Fusari Vigour Germ Abnorm Remain Fusari

A 80.2 13.8 6.0 36.0 3.2 76.6 18.0 5.4 2.8

B 73.6 17.0 9.4 31.0 2.8 69.4 21.4 9.2 0.6

C 72.0 14.6 13.4 71.2 3.6 71.4 4.4 6.4 3.6

D 79.6 13.8 6.6 5.0 3.8 71.6 22.0 6.4 0.0

E 83.8 9.2 7.0 21.0 4.4 79.4 11.8 8.8 0.2

F 76.6 17.6 5.8 62.6 3.8 71.4 23.4 5.2 6.2

Vigour 1=poor, 5=excellent

A. Reasonable line, fusarium mostly controlled with treatment, abnormals increased slightly after

treatment indicating some seed damage.

B. Reject, abnormals increased after treatment indicating some seed damage, vigour not sufficient,

treated germination not sufficient.

C. Reject, fusarium extremely high even though mostly controlled with treatment.

D. Reject, abnormals increased after treatment indicating some seed damage.

E. Reasonable line with good vigour.

F. Reject, fusarium extremely high even though mostly controlled with treatment, however abnormals

increased after treatment indicating some seed damage.

Note:

• It is suggested that 60% of abnormals will emerge. However be aware that these plants have

low tillering capacity.

• Remainders are seeds which don’t germinate.


page

50

Pathogen Thresholds

Guidelines for seed-borne disease thresholds

based on NIAB (UK) and NZ experiences:

• If < 10% Fusarium Microdochium or 5%

Drechslera infection sow untreated seed before

1 May or after 1 October.

• Treat if sowing after 1 May or before 1 October.

• All seed should be treated if the cereal follows

maize as Fusarium risk is higher.

• Zero threshold exists for loose smut & barley

seed-borne mosaic virus. Seedlines with loose

smut will be rejected from certification and

uncertified seed must be treated.

• Seed treatments may not be needed on high

quality seed (seed quality details should

be freely available from seed merchant)

and if the seedline is not repeatedly sown

without treatment.

Seed Treatment Strategies

Autumn wheat strategy:

1. If sowing in April with high quality seed into

a warm seedbed that is not too wet - no

treatment needed.

2. If sowing in April and require Fusarium control

only (i.e. >10%) - use Vitaflo ® , Raxil ® , or MBC.

3. If sowing in April and require protection from

soil or seed-borne diseases - use Vitaflo.

4. If sowing in April and early protection is

required from stripe rust and soil-borne

diseases – use Galmano ® or Veteran ® .

5. If sowing May/June, need protection from

soil-borne diseases, have low Fusarium

- use Vitaflo.

Considerations:

• In damaged (e.g. cracked) seed all products

have the potential to reduce establishment and,

in severe cases, yield. Raxil then Vitaflo are the

least likely to delay emergence of damaged

seed. Delayed emergence may be critical for

late autumn sowings.

• Vitaflo or Raxil control low Fusarium levels but

MBC is needed for higher levels.

• Ideally, reject seedlines which test over

20-25% Fusarium and/or with a P&G

germination of < 85%. However, seasonal

conditions will impact on availability of seed

with these levels.

• Seed treatments do not reduce the incidence

of Fusarium head blight in the crop.

Insecticide

Imidacloprid and Poncho ® are the only registered

insecticide seed treatments providing some control

of aphids and grass grub. They should provide

control of aphids up until the plant reaches GS13/21

or as the first tiller is appearing. At this time the

plant has grown enough that a dilution effect

occurs. No matter what the sowing date, control

should persist through until GS13/21 (unless heavy

rain occurs). For spring sowings, Gaucho ® would

be used primarily for grass grub control, not aphids.

Considerations for Insecticide seed

treatment use:

• For sowings before 1 May, a foliar aphicide

should follow at GS13/21, then monitor the

need for further foliar applications.

• For sowings after 1 May, the need for a foliar

aphicide should be monitored after 6 weeks.

• The best use may be when both grass grub

and early aphid protection are needed, when

spraying is difficult or inconvenient or to

provide management flexibility.

• Growers need to closely look at the economics

of insecticide seed treatment vs. foliar

insecticides if only aphid control is required,

especially if sowing is in April and further foliar

aphicide applications are essential.

For conventional drilling dates the most cost

effective autumn BYDV control is often a tank mix

of insecticide with autumn herbicides (at GS13)

unless the disease risk was severe before GS13

(three true leaves), or grass grub control was also

required.


glossary of terms

page

51

CV%

Falling number

Limited data

LSD

Protein %

Relative yield

Screenings %

Test weight

TGW

The “Coefficient of Variation”, or CV%, is another measure of the variability in

a trial. If the differences between cultivars are similar across all replicates, the

trial CV% is low (10%), there is a high level of unexplained variation, and the trial results

are less accurate.

An indicator of sprouting if scores are low, falling number (FN) is an indirect

measure of alpha-amylase levels in the grain with low FN indicating high

alpha-amylase activity. FAR do not test falling number on feed wheat, only

milling wheats.

For newer cultivars which we have only evaluated for one or two years, we

may not have sufficient disease or agronomic observations to feel confident

about the data presented. In this case the data is given in brackets ( ).

The “Least Significant Difference”, or LSD, is used to compare the mean yields

of two cultivars. The difference in yield between two cultivars must be greater

than the LSD for those two cultivars to be proven different (statistically at P =

0.05). For example, if the LSD is 0.8, a difference between two cultivars of 0.5

is not ‘proven’, while a difference of 1.2 is proven.

The protein content is obtained by measuring the nitrogen (N) content and

using a conversion factor to calculate the protein %. The conversion factors

in this booklet are N x 5.7 for all wheat and N x 6.25 for all barley. Some feed

wheat users choose to use N x 6.25. To convert the wheat protein from 5.7 to

6.25 use a conversion factor of 1.096 x protein %.

Yields relative to a base 100 are given where 100 is the average yield across all

cultivars. These relative yields make it easier to compare sites which may differ

widely in mean yields.

Percentage of small grains, weed seeds and foreign matter which pass

through a 2.0 mm rotoscreen.

Measured in kilograms per hectolitre (kg/hl), test weight is an indication of

grain density. Test weight is reported at a standard grain moisture of 14%.

Thousand grain (seed) weight, reported in grams (g). Grain size is needed

both as a measure of grain quality and for calculating sowing rates.

4 year adjusted mean A “4-year adjusted mean” is a mean over trials in the last four years. This mean

has been adjusted statistically to take account of the absence of some cultivars

in some trials (for example, if a cultivar was missing from an especially high

yielding trial, it would otherwise be unfairly disadvantaged). This adjustment

enables fair comparisons betwee cultivars within each site and region.

Fusarium head scab

Leaf rust

Powdery mildew

Septoria leaf blotch

(SLB)

Stripe rust

Disease caused by Fusarium spp.

Disease caused by Puccinia recondite f.sp. tritici.

Disease caused by Erysiphe graminis f.sp. tritici.

Disease caused by Septoria tritici (perfect stage Mycosphaerella graminicola).

Disease caused by Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici.


page

52 paddock sowing record

The table below is for you to record your cultivar choice and other useful information for your

paddock history.

An example is provided.

Paddock

Cultivar

name

Sowing

rate

(kg/ha)

Seed

treatment

Area

sown

(ha)

Fertiliser

(kg/ha)

Sowing

date

Bluegum Conquest 96 kg/ha Raxil 10 ha DAP 200 3 May


acknowledgements

FAR would like to name and thank the people who have helped contribute to the production of this booklet:

HOST FARMERS:

Ashley Biggs

Adin Geeson

Bruce Holmes

Craig Collins

David Bennett

Earl Dillon

Eric Watson

Geoff Maw

Graeme Lill

Hew Dalrymple

John Mulholland

Nick Porter

Nick Ward

Robbie Clarke

Stuart Wright

TRIAL OPERATORS:

Bede McCloy New Zealand Arable

Gerrard Pile PGG Wrightson Grain

John van den Bosch PGG Wrightson Grain

Kevin Sinclair Plant & Food Research

Matthew Hicks Cropmark Seeds Ltd

Ross Hanson Plant & Food Research

Stewart Armstrong Plant & Food Research

GRADING TESTS:

Jenny Sutherland

BIOMETRICIAN:

Dave Saville

PGG Wrightsons Seed

Saville Statistical Consulting

CONTRIBUTING SCIENTISTS:

Matthew Cromey Plant & Food Research

Catherine Munro Plant & Food Research

Steve Shorter Plant & Food Research

FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTORS:

FAR levy payers

New Zealand Grain & Seed Trade Association (NZGSTA)

New Zealand Flour Millers Association

GRAPHIC DESIGN AND PRINT:

Melissa Hillmer BNS Design & Print Ltd

BOOKLET PRODUCTION:

Anna Heslop Foundation for Arable Research

Rob Craigie Foundation for Arable Research

Tabitha Armour Foundation for Arable Research


ADDING VALUE TO THE BUSINESS OF ARABLE FARMING

PO Box 23133

Templeton

Christchurch 8445

New Zealand

Tel: 03 345 5783

Fax: 03 341 7061

Email: far@far.org.nz

www.far.org.nz

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines