Untitled - Rhode Island Historical Society

Untitled - Rhode Island Historical Society

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$2 P OW ER S T RE E T, f'R OVID f. SCE 6. KII OD t: 1 S I. I\ '1I

G•."""". C. D ,,' , ~ , ""14••' :-;'~ "'SIU. M. Vo,• . J•., ''' .,'u."

F... "" I•. lI ,s c.If. IsL.. " I'

So.,t OF Ill. D'."Cf."D.• "T"

Nn-..· ~b. "' "F. Il S .

b~' Chari ... .....iIIiam farnham

[co nlinu..d from J ul)', l'IIi:!, p. 93J


Ou. W'''H I,roTO'' COL''' TY COL' liT H OL· :>!':. K"'G"To,

I n 1752 "I' ''''''I'}' u ol 0/ l-;'n lJ COlIn' )' ( '101


98 Ch';)tophcr.t. G'l'f'l1r:... [O ctober

Sta rti ng with T horea u, J had reached Christopher Greene. Per.

haps the ir lin's were no t only parallel hut actunllv UIIS"cd. In IA50,

at least. Thou-au's Friend H ar ry Hlak c W; I_~ teaching unde-r G recn e in

the Boston suburb of "l ilioll. But as I looked th rough the Plain

Speat.er. the Inters from .\ kott. th e ('''''''y submi tted til T h,' Dial. and

as I read the pam phlet hio.!!:raph y by j o-eph R. W('h"ln , I became

interested in Christopher Alb -rr GrtTllc him-elf. He had on ly it {('\\'

years. He made no nanu- fur dl"Cds nr for \\rilingc, Y(,( hi.. life had a

svmructrv . II will remind yuu of .\[il('" Co verdale. the na rra tor of

H awthun w's lUithl'f/ale lioma ncr, The fires of the reform movemen t

brought 011 1 their hr ight!·, t colore. Then eac h grayed. Coverdale

retreated 10 genteel leu-rs. Greene became a -choolteac'h er. From

this ck-r-lim- 1',\Ch could look back to the brief climax whose spirit we

wonder at.


GREE:"t:' S HISTOR Y involve, a furious negation sha red bv one

other reformer who al-o ch ances to share hi", Iamil v name.' Both

W illiam B. an d Christopher .-\. Greene "'pent the ir yout h at west Point

and their fiN! maturit y in th e United St;!tC"S .-\ml~ fig h ti n~ the

Seminoles. From th is ex treme of suppon. eac h then wen t tu all

extreme of opposition.

Christopher Greene hq,:an 10 foll('("1 his reromnu-udationv for

West Point in mid sum mer of 1830. He had turned fourteen on rlutwcntv-v-vcnth

of J une and was still a pupil at Kent Academy in his

na tive town of East G reen wich. a rew miles from Providence. lli­

Iarhcr's father . abo ca lled Christopher. wa .. the ~(}lln.~est brother of

the Rcvc luriona rv general, Nathanael G reene. W ith thi.. connection

for leverage. twelve men si~ned a ktt('r a..kin.g: the ~:uetary Df war

10 allDw young Ch ri"tophl"f to elller tht' military acad('my the following

JUlie, "at whic h timc he will lit' of proper ag(', ;illd of sullicielll

acquirenwnts. accord in~ to our opi nioll". to enter ...l id Institut ion: '

The ~e n ("fa l"'; brother sigllt'd fi"' I, "l" 1\"n ,all1e ~\T n ot her G rfJlf"lles, of

whom we need only note the hoy's b tlwr, llallletl :\'at hanael after hi"

famous 1I1lrle and arldressed as Captain 10 honor years of comma nd

in the East Ind ia trad \". The n'lll a illi ll .~ four included W a nt o n C N ·y.

hhose dau ght er Abby So phia th e Ca pta in had marr ic'd in 18 1-1.

:\l ore re('onu nendation.. \\ere '

100 Chr;jlojJhn.-1. G ' f'('ne: ... [O ctober 1963] Christopher .-1. Grccnr: ... 101

"Before a nation call rightfu lly enter into a wa r." so he beqins,

"two Ihin.l..,'S IllII'" he -ct tlcd - fir-a, t hai t he war is just: second. that it


102 Christophrr A, Greene: ... (O ctober 1963] Chrij{opha "I. Greene: ... to:\


W ' I}::'\" G HF,EX E WkO T F. hi.. lcurr-, on Florid a, he \\;l'i a l-o aue mptin~

to pla y the man "de-igned for the Bar in Rhode 1..la nd," Uncle

Richard " 'a rd G reene \\ ;1" United Starr-s Di..trier .-\UOnlC\' there. a nd

th e ncpln-w entered hi, otlicr- til read Ihe law. He d id not ..ta v long.

H i..""JIl -uzgeas th at he "di....agreed \\ ith the policy 01 ddt· n d i n .~ a ca~

rig ht or \\ftlllg a nd wa." alwav.., perhaps. too idea li..ric 10 make a

.. \H.C(....... of la w or businec.," Either rca-on will do. The young: men

of principle in Xt·w En gland. t" ,>cT ially those who circled mo..1 widclv

around Ralph Waldo Lnu-r..on a nd William Lloyd Ga rrison . were

nut ~i \'l' n to the u..u a l ambition...

To make a li\'ing GITel1l' turned to teaching : in tilt' grammar

..('!Jolli nuarhcd to Brown Uuivcr..ity, in a private ,chool wit h Thomas

A. j cuck cs on Benefit Stn-rt in Providence, perhaps elsewhe re a.. well.

T Ilt" record's un certaint y about hi:.. job.. is not impo rtant. Unfortunatdy

it is nTH less pa rticular about his mind. a nd bv the fall of

IIl-lO(' ,md ahml'-.t without orde r. Since the con­

\Tntionldt no ret.·ord of its disc:-ntH"t', \\ e ranno l lell what G re{"m' said

there, if he t:0t in a n ~1 h i n t: among: tho-..e "f'ao;oned ex horters. But when

he Id t

104 Christopher A . Gru nt': ... [O ctober 1963 J

Christoph er A, Grunt': . ..

~ami1y of d \H· I1 in~. :\ d ear. sweet-looki ng stream COUN'S through

II - and after \\ Iwdin.1:: about point s of wood. and am()I1.~ cul tivated

knoll..., Ilwandn" its way to a quiet lillie ha y jutting lip to welcom e it

from th e neig hboring' ,c;rf'a t r iv er.... Three sn ug (·ott a.gcs make lip

t he hamlet in "l'lcas.uu Valle y.' '' Rn,L;tT" goes on to say that he him­

-c-lf want" "no , -alley" - or glen" - or other utopian seclusions."

and t his limited " ~ll1pathy r-utx "-ho rt his description . I ll' tells of the

terrain , but not of the ideas.

For th ese it would he delightful to haw' a manifesto, an d there is

none to he had. The partiripalll

106 Chrijtop hcr.1. G,un(': ... [O ctober 1963] Christoph.-, .1. Grrene: . lOi

("~ would have p UI it. The kingdom of heaven which can not a rrive

for all is at lea...t here f OT him. H e will no lon ger follow men. but " as

God hids me I will walk . and work. a nd "pea k. .c:-in · alms. marry

and live." .

1.1' 1 us firsr "1'(" how he wor-ks. In 1fH 1 the American rrunomv was

divided between "Iaw ry and a yn ll n~ industrial ca pitalism. Co'min~

(Jut from both , G rccne would he m-ither mast er nor slave neither

elllployer no r wage r-a m er nor trader. Listen to the extrnordinar...

opening sentences of h is paragraph on " Property." "There is no such

thing as individual propcrt v. Eve rv lh in.g that j" hrlon ~ to H umanity.

,rhal a man wants belon gs 10 him 10 US(": - :\0 m ailer wh o has

it in possession, ,hr ri,g-ht to use it helon.1:" to him who 11('("d" it. I

av-ert th is. universal rig-ht of ma n in mv life. \\"hat I 11("("d I tak r­

whr-n-ver I find it: ('xx~ pting when some other ha ..

IWI ( Ictol x-r 196 3] ChriJlophrr.1. Greene: , " 109

th e rerum journev.


TItF. C:O:'l.'Ff: ~~IO:'l.' '0 1':nw N '1I i" part of a letter an 'nmpan,'ing: an

("",1\ for The Dial. In the firv number or rhe Plair! Spct/An. Greene

had written a paracraph on l.mer-..o n', ami :\larg"an:"t Fulkr'" macal

im'. II \\;1" "tht, exponent of Liter •• rv Libertv. and thndoH' va luable:

but far from hI'inc: of Ihe hi.dlt',·t va lue." O f allthe " lli~l1i'b"

nll l~ .\ k oll \\a" a genuilw refor mer. "But tilt' Life tha r i" in Ihe",,'

nu-n." he conde-o-ndcd, "will brill,g- them o ut from the \\orld. and

at ( ' \'("f ~ "Iep they will find ,h t'm,d\'cs nearer ami ncan-r to tlH' ste-rn

Rdol"llln "." ' Xow that Ill' him-elf was no loneer out [rum tht' world

Ill" remembered its toln aIII pag-rs,'" ,

E 1lJ f l""Oll turned him duwn. " Ha d it rome into 111 \ ' hund-, at ;I

link ea rlier per iod:' he \\Tort' (;nTll(', >0 1 shou ld p; olMhh han

printed it; a" its doc-trim-v, thnuuh pcrhap k-It a liuh- 10 0 nunh

unlim ited for IN' &. interest, an' tru e. &: an' Slated wit h muc-h ,'i,g-our ,

But Reform is a word which

liD Christopher .~ l. Greene: ... [October 1963J Christopher A, Greene: ... II I

has yet told" can he experienced in his concluding sentences:

" Accounts of Slaws being wor ked to death, starved. whipped, haying

their harks lacerated by the claws of cuts, torn in pieces. & dro wned

by blood hounds, shot, stabbed, murdered & tortured in various ways,

ha w reached even t hro' the silent walls of fear & self-interest. & arc

now in authentic forms before the Northe rn pu blic. The horrors of

t he su fferings of this m ise-fable class 011 t he rem ote & secluded cotton

& sugar plantations, the taks of blood & incest. of the reckless grati.

fication of cruelly & lust, which th e fiery soil of Alabama & Louisiana

could tell ; these arc no t know n. l':cithcr can they be. For there is a

point in the relation of human suffering at whic h imagination ceases

to act; ~"i man astounded can only cry How Long Oh Lord Sh all the

Oppressor T rium ph . ;\[ y Sou l is moved. & the Spirit within me lifts

up its voice against this system."

Next to slavery he was touched most by "t he great unbound Satan

of the rimes." the system of privat e property. He had learned from

Godwin "that all the necessary business of ma nkind mig-ht be done

in two hours work a day, if all worked who are ca pable of working."

But private ownership "tends to accumulation," which "enables

some to live on the labor uf others" and forces must "to labor not

only more than two hours in a day bu t the whole day, & e\Try day."

:\Ioreo\Tr, th e condition repeatedly du plicates itself, so th at "the rich

become daily richer, the poor poorer."

Greene is no theoretician. \\'ith property, as wit h slave ry, he

wishes to wake h is reader through imag-es of act ua l m an actually

suffering. Let us " look a lillie into the details of its operation," he

says. " By it the poor man unfortunately diseased is forced still to

labor, though death be the consequence; - By it the children of the

poor in ou r manufacturing villages arc forced from the proper course

of youthful exercise & development, their bodies dwarfed by hard

labor & want of sleep, & their minds withered fur want of exercise:

By it God Give n intellect is corrupted into a mon ey getti ng machine:

By it men arc driven to intemperance. & all ma nner of gross physical

cnjovmcnt. for excess of one kind produces corresponding excess of

another, too much labor ur physical exertion induces too much phvsical

gratiticaticn ; By it are the comforts & even the necessa ries of life

rendered scarce, & want & suffering cnucndr-rcd: By it the Southern

Slave is hound in iron bands, bands which confine Hodv & Soul in

bitte r, dreadful bondage."

But it is one thing to outline a utopia and to idcutifv the chief

obstacles that keep us from it. It is quite another \0 tell liS how to

push them aside. Greene describes his five forms of slayer) more

emotionallv than sociologically. In his remedies too he is the man of

feeling and the m an of 'princ'iplc, unable to translate his humanity

into effective dailv action - " loa much unlimited for usc & interest."

Slavcrv in the'South will be ended first of all, T he slaves will

revolt: all white people will he killed: and the new South will secede

from the Union. " But in the end shall her destiny be gloriuus. Fur

there the coloured rarr- sha ll first rise into National dignity & th e state

of Civilization." Greene is among the earliest to recognize the slaves'

own role in their emancipation. 10 accept the idea of an autonomous

Xegro culture, and to recognize that the South could not move from

"Savaucrv" to "Civilization" without the activity of the Negro

people. But he put a wa ll around the Sou th, reducing the Northern

sympat hizers of freedom nearly to bystanders. The most a New

Engla nd abolitionist could du would he "to swell the cry of warning"

- that is, to urge the slaveholders to abolish slavery themselves by

appealing to their better natures and hy frigh tening them with revolution.

Perhaps be realized that the threat would most certainly

cancel out the persu asion.

The appeal to morality, though unsuccessful with slave holders,

would help free women and help hring about "t he downfall of

wealth," Two principles are involved. The first is t("mpt'rance, "the

great truth that it is wrong to cat or drink except for susrcnanrc."

The end of gluttony - for temperance is not merely heing preached

bu t "wi ll fina lly prevailv-c- will cut do wn woman's kitchen d uty,

giv ing her time "for development in Imagination, Reason & COII­

~cie nce." Her achievements will "demonstrate her absolute equality

with man and her right to an eq ual share in Government, Society,

and the Church." She will then ta ke her proper place in civil life,

"voting & being voted for equally with man." But acquisitiveness

tou, says Greene, anticipating certain later psycho logists, is to some

extent a "means of gratifying the Bod ily Appetites. And wit h the

subjugation uf these it must be partially destroyed."

T he second principle, which uperates against wealth more directly,

is "the cqualizurion of wages." It is unjust that some should have

more than thev need. others not enough. "B v being born into the

world , and do i ~ l g uur duty in it we are e-milled to food, clothing, and

lb;'b A·P20J:P E C Y· o f · C L I:GI: ·UILLIH·TH£·CITY·Of·PI2.0VID N ['191>2

' ..• ,-.....



In 196 2 tfll' Providence Prc-a-rvatinn Society puhli-hcd in full m lllr t ill'

Prospect pictured above in black an d while, T his attractive panoram a of

the old Ea ~t Sirh- h ll i ldin ,~ W;J." d rawn and colo red hy Rosalind H ow l'

St urges . T Ill' on-ra il

II{ C hr;sloj)hrr A . Greene: ... [O ctober 1~ lti3J Chr;s/o/lhn. 1. (;'1'011': ...

shelter. :'\ ul h i n ~ ran ent itle us to mort". for whatever more we ta krdetract"

from tlu- sha re of some othe r." That is th e " true principle"

\\ hu-h "cannot I OIl .~ remain un acknowledg-ed ," for " w hoover opposes

him...elf to it. will o11 1~ succeed in creating physical disturbance."

Greene an-l"pls the mit- (If trude unions in furthering the principle of

the eq ualization of \\ a ges. But Iht·y a rc ( 0 advocate, not to fight.

..SUfT.·...,.. will follow o ll l~ from gent leness & forbea rance, spiritual

\H"apOIlS whic h ca n never fail."

" "hat a re we to make of a social -tratecv so unerlv divorced from

the pragmatic WIIt"1l C hri- ropher Gre~~c rct um ~d to the worl d

from Holly Home. he em harked on a new analysis of American

-ocic tv. Il l," sucrredrd. as I han- already shown. in anaching h is

utopia to what really existed with in our na tion: to machinery. to

divi..ion of labor, to organization. But in this area of strategv, of wh at

to do. he ...till thought \T'ry much as he had when he left Providence

for Hollv Horne. lo('"l:("l1e the come-outer. vou recall. was conscio us

of an inner -piritual force moving him. It was the moct po werful

force in his experience. arising, he felt , from his conrart with the

oversoul. The ..-ocial stralegy of pers uasion is th is same inne r force

la l('fa ll~ displan·d. He does not expect property owner" to expe rience

the ovcr-oul. But he ran still try to ma ke them aware of the higher

law, hoping that the cxrcmallv ind uced awareness will he as effective

with th em as the interna l vision had been with him. At the same

time. when he spea ks of women voting and runn ing for o(Jke. he

shows himsclf accept ing political action. wh ich is surely somet hing

more th an simple a ppea l to principle.

O m-e again, as with his ('ssay~ on th e Semi nole , r a r, we catc h a

ulim p..r-, I Iwlit·\·('. (,f ( :hri.stopher Greene'.s mind in motion . It i~ only

IH.J.:!. and I\l' W:lS at Holly lIonu' lcs.s th an a year ag'O. Grr atrr

ex pnil'llrt· with the dail y tk mands of the libe ration of .....om an or the

O\'l'r1 hrow of ...!aw ry or tilt' " eq ualization of wages" would tea ch him

new stra tq,:it's to :lccom pany his nt'w l:xpcrien ee of lX'i nlit i n ~ id e

AmlTiran ~o{'il't\".

The hiog-raphiraln'('ord sho ws no .such experience - nnt, at least,

for till' prl'st:lI t. (;1'('1'111' had never Iwen a prominellt man. H is pt'r.

"IlIlality \\ ;"I S ITut th ;lt of the full-time polit ical writer or o rg;"l nil./"r.

If hl' nlgaged ill ",I('ial ;J(·t inn aftn 18-1 2, it must han' hlTn in a "mall

way. tn 1)(' arcidt'll!ally WIlU' upon wh ile looking ill old journals for

"l' nlt'thill.~ 1'1"" . Then ' is. indtTd, a fam ily tradition th at he joined

Alcott 's sho rt- lived utopia at Fruirlands. bu t it cannot he substantiated.

" 'h en we meet him again. it is tilt' "UI1II1ICT of I a-n. and he is in

the Xlnssachn-cus town of T yn"...borough, principal of the biah

schoo l. There is still :I record hook in the r.lmil~. a worn ledcer that

has lo...t its spine and -ome of the ",:win~. in \, hich Greene entered a

vear's grades and a year's pett~ misconducts. 11m, far he is from t hl,"

disciple of .\lcott who w rote 011 education for the Plain Spl'akn! H e

had stood in awe before the my..l e r ~ of the child. come "fresh from

God" with instincts " Pure and Divine." T he -chool. he had written,

whilr- "profcs..ing to Ed ucate. that is to draw the Soul from till' gran'

of the Bodv, ..inks it deeper therein." Tile child cmcrs pure and then

re-experience... the Fall. For the schoolroom's law is not "kindnr-«

and 100c" but "coercion:' The master. " rod in hand. stand.. t h rea t­

cnin.g l~ between the c hild and his impul-e-." In place of the 10..1

....ml, the bov or gir l gcts "a little arithmetic. a lillie grammar. a lillieof

one and another of ..ueh unimportant thing-s"- prcci-clv the

thing" G reen e ranged ove r at T Y Ill.~...borough and in his later position...

At Bridgewater, in Horace xt an n's first Xo rmal Schoo l. was

X ich olas Tillinghast. who had lx-en a.....i..I;lIIt profes-or of ethio, at

\\'cst Point when Greene was a cadet. He convinced ;"!ann that the

collegc needed the ext ravagance of another male tear-her, for a woman

could be paid ha lf the wagl·. a nd brought in his former "Indent at

about twelve dolla rs a wcd c. Greene 1110n·d to Brid g-ewatn before

the end of Xlarch . IH.J.'>, and Idt two yl';H' later.

\\'here he went then we cannot II(' rertuin. The record i" confu-cd

by the Iact thaI Christopher A. a nd W illiam n. could bot h IX" called

Lt. Greene. O ne of them. U\lI...t likdy C hri-tophcr, became involved

with Charles V. Kraitsir. a ra di


• • •

;\ :\OT£ 0 :\ SOV RC ES

[Oc tobe r

hac tra veled. " T he l nfa m rv Dr ill," it co nclud es, " wi ll be a regular

cxerri-«- of the pupils." Il l' ieft ~ l iho n in 1851 after a squabble with

the t rtr-t e-r-s, started a private schoo l in Dorchester , and a few months

later moved 10 .\ b rit'lta. (Icorgin. to become professor of natu ra l

philo-ophv ami cln-mi..tr y at its ~I i l i t a ry Institute. It is almost as

thouch he had come- full circ le.

T he profc- sor-hip at ~la.r i cll ; 1 was Christopher Greene's last positio

n. " IIi.. health had broken," writes his son, " an d indeed he had

never I"TIl e-ntin-lv well "inn' hi" experience in Florid a. where he

-uflered muc h from had water a nd expos ure." He spent his last

week.. in Providence. \\ lu-re he had once preac hed utopia and aboli ­

rion. \r!WIl he d ied on Xovcmbcr 3D, 1853, only rhinv-scven years

old. G" rri',oll 's libemtor allowed his pa .....ing to go unnot iced .

So for the mo-t pa n has his life these hund red an d more years.

If \ \C' recollect him IIOW, it is for two reaso ns: firer. because we wish

to understand Thoreau, the genius who was G reene's and Chace's

an d Clarkc's a nd Da\·js's rc pre-enrative man ; second, beca use we

\, i..h to un derstand our-elves. \\ hn arc more Greene than Thoreau.

The ~rcat man. a" Em erson -.0 trulv un derstood him . makes fully real

what' is only pa rt iallv realized in tile lesser men who a rc the base of

his pyramid. H \\ e discover ourselves in him . he creates himself

through u....

Thi, ""al' rould n"l ha" .. I,,·..n .....rill'·" wi,h oUI ,h.. ma nm rripl . !\,r"do"dy Ir nl

Ill" IJ\' C:hri~lOl-lhl'T .-\. (;tr im"d from Ih.. :\l ilton Rr r ord , j uly.

,\u!\,,,'I. 19 15," Thi. is" I'

ll R The Collins- Richardson Fracas of 1787 [O ctobe r 1963J T he Collins- Rich-ardson Fraca s 0/ 1787 11 9

on for th e salva tion of our Lib e r t v-,'" : a~ for the merchants, he continued

. " their Religion is t rade a nd their G od is gain ami th ey that

Expect men 10 sarnficc their God and their Rrl igion for the l' ublick

will Certa inly be disa ppointed.":' W ilh views , the United Stl/lr, Ch.onirl,

(Providr m'p) , lIta}' 11, 1786 Or til(' l'",,,idn ,cc Ga:elle. ~la r 1:1. 1786.

postal service in Rhode Island . ',"hat would be done if Rhode Isla nders

attemp ted to pay for their mail with depreciated money And

what if the state and its officials insisted that the feder al postmasters

accept the paper currency Could the posta l service refuse th e bills

without infringing the sovereign laws of thr sta te which said they

were a ten de r in e\T ry busim-« transact ion

T he postm aster general of the United States, Ebe nezer H azard,

was fully appraised of the g;rowing difficulties Ill' woul d fa c-e becau se

of pa per money. an d be was fran kly apprehens ive ; "such Mon ey will

not ans wer to satisfy our Co ntracts with th e Prop rietors of th e Stages,"

he told the President of Congress, "and yet, br'ing a leg-al T ender in

the Slates wh ich han ' emitted it, the Postmasters in those Slates

conceive that they Illay 110t refuse to receive it." Amon g the postmasters

wh o asked Hazard for ad vice wa.. j ncob Richa rdson of

Xcwport. \1 ho se- rved in his pla ce for m orethan a generation between

I 7fl4 and 1fl13. After instructions from I laza rd and the resoluti ons

of ( :ongrcss, Richnrdson wou ld not deliver-any lett er for pa per money,

and he demanded th at the General As..emblv pay it" outstanding

accounts in gold and silver . T he Assembl y refused an d for a ti me

there was a juncture in relat ions betw een th e Newpo rt postmaster

and the uovcrruucnt of Rhode Island .

Soon aft erwa rds, ea rly in 17fl7, two commun ications addressed to

the gO\'ertlo r of Rhode Island arrived in the pOSI office at Newport,

Governor Collins, determined to uphold th e sovcrcigntv of Rhode

b land law and to receive his mai l, sent his son for the lett ers withou t

the lle c e s~ar y specie payment. Richa rdson refused to deliver the

letters. Thus provoked, Governor Collins a ppeared at the post office

r'Ell..r}" to tht Board 01 T rr a.' ury, :-

120 T hl' (,'o/lins-Ri(h'lTdwn Fracas01 /787 [O ctober 1963] T he Collins· RirhIlTlbo1l Fracas 01/787 121

in pn"oll and , l indi n ~ the po"tmil-r n of th .. Contin ..ntal

C.onlt"rr", I...u r r. of Bacho:- an d H al a rd . Thl' :--li ddkto...n. Conn, ). April 16. 1787.

liThe comm..nt arv in Ih.. Vi' l:i"ill r" d"" " lfit " t Ch,nnicl.. (R ichmond) .

April 25, 1787 i. ,n:..aling ; t Il



l\lr. John H . \\'dl~ continu.-, his invaluable work of indexing the

Wi)5 Rhode Island census. I II addition to the towns mentioned in the

j uly. 1~1(l2. and janua rv. 1%:1, issues of Rhode Island History he has

now completed Barrington . Bristol, Cumberland. Ea-a Providence,

Pawtucket. Smithfield. and Wn rren. Remain ing to be indexed are

Newport County and the City of P rovidence.

Another volunteer worker. M rs. Ethel Galotta. has completed the

indexing of the ltosicorth GCTl/'alogy. compiled by l\trs.•\Iary

Boswort h Cla rke. Xlrs. Galoua's index will he reproduced on microcards

and thus made available to libraries through out the country.

* • *

O n j uly I the Society published .-l R hode lslrmdcr R eports 071

I";ing Phili/!"s \I (lT.thr Second W illiam H arris Letter of A 1l,!;lHl. 1676.

tra nscribed and edi ted by Douglas Edward Leach , ;\",sociate Professor

of H istory at Vanderbilt Univrr-itv. T wo versions of H arr is's long

letter , gi\'ing a detailed account of the war, are included: one an

exact transcription and the other a modernized version with punctuation

and spdlin.~ more intelligible to most readers tha n the seventeenth

centurv original.

T he work is thoroughly annotated and handsomely hound. Copies

arc obtainable from the Soc-ietv at p.7:'J, postpaid.



(Xew York. IRB! ). the other a pastel of Ann Cooke. daughter of

Governor Cooke, horn Febru ary 23, 1751 /2 (perhaps the work of

W illiam Blodgett ). l\lrs. Moulton was interested in genealogy and in

the past has giHll the Society materials that she has discovered in her

search. l\lore material Ilf this sort has romr- to us at this time.

• • •

T he librarv -, supply of copies of the january. 1957, issue of Rhode

i sland ll istorv is extremely low. \ \ 't' would be glad to haw as many

copies as members can return. T his issue is easily recognized. since it

has a rose colored cove r with a p icture of General Burn side as a young

mall on the front. :\ny of th e Socie ty's publications, must particularly

early ones, arc always welcome.

• • •

Friends and relatives of the late Robert P. Bolan sent checks in his

mcrnorv to the Society at the time of his dea th. The library will buy

books with this money and mark them wit h a bookplate hearing his

name. M r. Bolan was interested in The Rhode Island H istorical

Society. and we are glad that we shall be able to perpetuate his

mcmorv in this wav.

• • * • • *

An exhibition of mater ial relative to Oliv er Hazard Perrv in COIIlrm-moration

of the one hundred fiftieth anniversarv of his victory at

the Hartle of Lake Eric is planned for the late fall. During the summer

a number of the Society's Perry relics, including his sword and jacket,

have ber-n exhibited at the Detroit Historical M useum .

In j ul ~

• * *

the fenr-r- around the Surirtv 's property was repaired and

painted, following a schedule which calls for this work's being

repeated ('\Try four years.

• • •

By the terms of the will of the late M rs. Edward C. ;\ IOllItOIt the

Societe was left two table- which had dl'scl'nded to her from her

ancestor. Governor Xu-hnla-; Cooke. and two painting". one an oil of

the encounter of the Guerrier. and the Constitution by J. O . Davison


T he portrait of j oseph Wanton by j ohn Smibcn was exhibited at

the T crccntenarv Exhibition at the North Carolina Xl uscum of Art

in Raleigh from Murch ~3 to April 28. T he painting- will be sent to

the l\Iinncapclis Insthute of Art lor their Four Centuries of American

Art exhibition, which will be held from Xovember '27 to J a nuary 19.

• * •

Beginn ing j anuary 2. 19G4, the library hours will be as follows;

l\londay, I ; flO to 9; 00 p.m.; T uesday through Friday, 9; flO a .m. to

5;00 p.m. Thesc hours will oe ronrimn-d at the new library huilding

as soon as we occupy it. Beginning j anuary 2. 1964. j oh n Brown

Hou-c will be op en to visitors Sunday. 3: O() to f :()() p.Ill.; Xlondav.

I : 00 to 5: 00 p.rn.: T uesday through Friday, 9: 00 n.m. to 5; 00 p.m .

T he lib ra rv will not he opented on Sunday. T he huilding is closed

UII Saturday.





h ~' ell \RLE ~ W I L LI,HI F ,\ k S II Ht

[ro nti nur d from J uh-. I Q63, p. 93/

4; MAJ OR R V fl; S ~' SXUTU (Capl.John. 4 Benjamin.' John.: John 1 ) .

h. II )Iay 1710 ; d. 12 Feb. 18()() in the pa n of Glocester which

beca me Burrillville : m. in Glocester by Richard Smith. justice.

I: XO\·. 1751. ) Iarcy T aft ." " identified in the Root manuscr ipt as

the daughter of Israel T aft of Uxbridge. ~I a "' married

Ibnid Parke-r of l'rovidcm-r: ~f.\ lt A L\ A:-;:-; S~l lT JI

who du-d in all accident at ~' i a g ar;J Fa lls 2 1 Sept.

lfl69 at fifty-fin' YI\lrs : ~hll. Y S~lITIi who was a u

invalid hUI lived ttl h l' seventy-four: a nd S\ ~II'FL

j.-\.\lI-:s S~IlT Il w h o d int ill :\(' \1' YOlk 11 jan. 1892 at

scvr-n tv-two. I It- was for manv y,'a l" ill rhe- woolen

trnd.. in H",t nn and :\"'\ York and i, hurir-d with his

:1! ' ~Cumbrrla"d I'rohat". 1·1 :21;'1,

:w1.\rnold. " p. rit .• (; 100 '"1''' lIinl". :1, h~ .

126 / O}lIl Smith, the .\/ifla . 0/ Providence [October 1963] John Smith.lhl' ,I/i/hr. 0/ l'roi-idcnce ] 0 ­ _ I

\,if,'. ~ lal'\' E. Goodhue. at Swan Po in t C'·IIlt'll'l'\ .

I'ro\'id" nn :..\ h n the dea th of I{u fus the four S i S l l'l~"

Ch-rm-nrinn. M ahala. :\Ia l'\', and E lma . hou ~h l a

hOllsl' at Fou nta in and ~lalh "wSOJl , I I"I"I' IS, Provldt·II"

·. whr-rc tlu-v lived unt il Elrna was almu-. III lu-r

final davs -hvlivcd with a l::randm'plww in Providenc....

'2 »II . L W I ~ ' Sxrrru. h. 19 :'\0\' . I777 ;:I!"-' Root manu-cript

s;lys h,' married Prussia Sack-c. He was Idl a 1,'1::;ll'y

" if Ill' r-ver sh o u ld return."

:\ j O:'o.' ,\ 1I 1 5\11111. h . 16 Sl'pl. 17i!~ ; 3 '''' d. 2:\ j u ly HUH;

111. J.1n!, K r-nm-dv.

Rlltlll\1 ... \ 11'111 , h . li82 ;3'" d. 2~ ~ ta \ 1B."II : m . Cal"h



.1 W \R :'o.'t,R :\h n l.l:'o." S\IITIl. h ..i :'\ O\". I i 8 1;3\" d . 2.'"1 S" p t,

18:18 : Ill. I f .luis 181 f ~ la ry BI'II"\,,,. h. 28 ~ta y I 798,

6 jOtl 1 S su r u. h . .'J April li8i ;3~0!< d. :m :'\0\'. 18 18 ; Ill. in

Cumlwrbnd 8 :\ priI 18 11 Sarah S,1\·I,·", of Est'k Sa\ 'ln

of CUlll hl'"Tla nd.~' ·' . .

7 DRI·s ILL.\' S'IITII. b. 18 j UIlt" I iB9. Roo t manu-cript

say' she married Aa ron She pa rd -on.

Cnu o OF J \ \I f.S ":'o.' fl I. YDI.\ S\IITII:

8 I. YOI.-\1 S \l ITH, b. 7 July 1792. 1 "1 Root manuscript sa ys

she urarru-d a C a pron .

II R IlUIl,\~ S m TII. h. 22 J.1Il. 17.'">5 ; d . 9 Se pt. I 761. l " ~

111 S Y L\H~ S urr u. h. n Jan. 17.i 7 ; d . 21 :'\ O\". 17.'"J9. ~"3

IV I>.-\C I \ I\S \ lITl I ,h . I ROn , 1 7 .i9 ;d . 5S t"p t. l i61.~ " 1

92 V CI I.~ n ' l S\IlTIl , b. 1:1 ~ la l"f h 1762; ~"'-' Ill. 20 :'\ 0\., 17ft! a t

Swa ll~('a. :\ b s~ad H I " ' Il S , ElIzaheth C la rk. d ;lug-h lt'nln !>o1.1r r i a ~ , ' ~. .1 : 35,

1""1bid., CUlllhnLond !>o l a r r i a ~ ,.. ' , :l: 58.

"'I flJid ., Smi lhfi" ld Fr i " nd ~ R"l'ord" i: 1'17.

, ., ~ '''\ \rnuld, np. (; t.. (; I" ...·' It·r lI irt h, , :l : ti I

'''·'.\rnuld, op. cit, S....'tn"·a Fr i"n,h !>o l a rr i a ~ ~ " 7: :'J~.

'''' ""'\"101d, I h;d., S",ilhfidd Fr i.'nd, Hinh,. 7, 1

123 John Smith, thl' J/illa , of Proridcn cc [O ctober ClI lI_DRt:S OF Z,\IX!G'I ,\SO Rowt,SA ( C O \ I ,q ')(:K) S~IITH:

A M Y As s . OTi S ~h s o s and FOSTER " 'ALCOTT. twi ns,


3 Rrr II: S ~t1TII. h. 13 St·pt. 1789: m. Ebcr Ald rich.

., ~~ Il R ~: S"ITIf. h. H Mav 1792: d. 28 Feb 1858 : Ill. in

Uumlx-r lond I July 1810 Amas-a Whippl f".

c, !',-\llt.s et.: S.\lIT1I, b. 6 April 179 --1 : m. Turner Ha skell.

6 Am,Y EIl.LS: SmTH. h. I M arr-h 1796: m. J ob SIl"'n'

of Glocc- n- r. of .-\s.a and ~la ry ( Irom) Slc·,·n'.

7 \\'tI.I.I,-\ .\1 B.: SmTlI, h. 18 I\U~. 1799: d. I.') ~la r,h 18,j.J:

m. ill C um berla nd 17 J une 1827 Lucy Gra nt. of J a1-.7 .

8 .\ R ~ S _ \ ~I.: S"lrll . h. '!.7 :'\0 \ '. 1800: d. 7 Feh. iass.

9 L" OIAB.1 S.\IITII. b. 23 J uh lB09: m. C ha rles ~1 " l e al f .

\ '11 S\f\R\G S.\IITII. b. 22 April 1767: d. 6 Ik e. 1767. 421

9.t \ '111 1'~ \ l)CX Il Swrru. b. I J a n. 1770:~~z rn. n :\lay 1790 Rowr-na

( :t>ln~ l n..-k. h. 12 Xov. 1766. daughter of G('org..· a nd Kath ­

erim- Co mstock of SlllithfIdd. ~~3 whose death is re-ported in

lilt' Rhodf Island A merican issue of 9 J UIl(' 181--1. Zadoc

mar rh-d 2 ) 23 J une 1819 ~lary Sweet of AIII...tlOTO.&lUl:!h.

u-r n( 1'';lChariah and Elizabeth Austin of Wellinglon .

~1a , saeh u ' I · II ~ . · ~· Zadoc was a Q uaker a nd lin-d in


O n I I J U l

T I I E R HO DEI S I. A l\' D II 1ST 0 R IC A L S O C 1 E T v

:"II·;W ~ lL\I B ERS

J un e L 1961 to September 20, 1961

\Ir. Lloyd L. Allen

San ~la t eo , C~l.

.\ Ir. Earle B. :\ rno ld

:-':orth S("it,,~ tP , R, 1.

M rs. H cnrv N. Arnold

Crpen.., R. L

M rs. Arn old H . Barbcn

Seneca Falls, 1\" . Y.

\ Ir. Ch arles H . Bf'chtold

Kingsto n, R. I

~[ i -"-,, Barbara B. Brand

N,." York. :-;. Y.

\ Ir ~ . H ora ce I. Bri .IU~ -"

\Irs. J ohn ~l. Buflinton

Mr. Duncan Buttrick

Ba rr inr.;to n, R. I.

Rev. Arthur Preston Colhou rn

I' aw tu, k,·t, R. I.

Mr. Calvin B. Dew ey

Cranston. R. I.

Col. J. Danforth Edward,

Wa kd id d . R . I.

~Ip;. J. Danforth Edw ard,

Wakd id d. R. r.

Mr. William A Gardner

\[ rs. Will iam A. Gardner

\I i ~-" Rut h ~1. Gilm ore

Dr. Francis H. Horn

Kingston, R. I.

\ Ir. T horn ton x. \lcCiure

Kin gston, R. I.

\ Ir. Ralph S. \ Iohr

.\ [r. \krrill B. Patt erso n

Cranston. R. 1.

Mrs. W illiam Potter

Cranston. R. L

~ Ir. Frederick B. Reilh

East P ro vid ~ n c ~ , R. I.

M r. Randolph E. Romano

East G rl'pnwich , R. I.

Mrs. Gcorge E. Sinkinson


Cl ifford E. Smythr­

Cranston, R. I

;"{r. joseph P. Spang III

Dr n fidd, Mass.

\ Ii ,,~ Shi rle\ A. Whi{('omh

Wa rw id , R . I.

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