Nutritional Quality of Korean Children's Diet with Lunch at Home and ...

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Nutritional Quality of Korean Children's Diet with Lunch at Home and ...

Nutritional Quality of Korean Children’s Diet

with Lunch at Home and School:

Analysis of the Data

from the 2001 National Health and Nutrition Survey

Ji Hye Kim, Hee Young Paik, Jihyun Yoon

Seoul National University


Expansion of

School Food Service in Korea

100

90

80

70

72

80

86

91

95

97 98

%

60

50

40

33

41

50

58

30

20

12

15

22

10

0

1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

Y ear


Study Purpose

To compare the nutritional quality

of Korean children’s diet with

Lunch at home vs. at school


Data

2001 National Health and Nutrition Survey

1-day food intake data

via 24-hour recall


Data Analysis

7~18 year old

Primary & Secondary Students

n=1,266

Home Lunch

Group

n=327

Prepared and

consumed at

home

School Lunch

Group

n=939

Prepared and

consumed at

school


For lunch intake & a whole day intake

Average nutrient intakes &

comparison with 1/3 RDA

Nutritional

quality

Nutrient density

Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ)

Nutrient Adequacy Ratio (NAR) & MAR

Dietary Variety Score (DVS)


% of 1/3 RDA (Lunch intake)


CFP ratio for lunch

Home Lunch Group

School Lunch Group

14%

15%

18%

68%

CHO

Fat

Protein

20%

65%


NAR & MAR for Lunch


NAR & MAR for a Whole Day


Dietary Variety Score


Sodium intake


Energy distribution of

breakfast, lunch, dinner, snack

Home Lunch Group

School Lunch Group


School-aged children eat more

nutritionally-balanced lunches

at schools than home.

The school lunch program contribute

to improving the nutritional quality of

Korean children’s diet.


Nutrient

Home Lunch Group

(n=327)

Mean±SD a

School Lunch Group

(n=939)

Mean±SD

p b

Energy(kcal)

545.28

±

364.92

660.23

±

331.62


Nutrient

Home Lunch Group

(n=327)

Mean±SD a

School Lunch Group

(n=939)

Mean±SD

p b

Protein(g/1000 kcal )

33.44

±

12.06

36.79

±

10.65


Nutrient

Home Lunch Group

(n=327)

Mean±SD a

School Lunch Group

(n=939)

Mean±SD

p b

Protein

1.29

±

0.50

1.45

±

0.45


Nutrient

Home Lunch Group

(n=327)

Mean±SD a

School Lunch Group

(n=939)

Mean±SD

p b

NAR c

Energy

0.66

±

0.25

0.80

±

0.21


Home Lunch Group

Mean±SD b

School Lunch Group

Mean±SD

p c

(n=187)

(n=504)

Boys

8.66

±

5.14

18.17

±

4.98

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