The University of Edinburgh
Issue 41, December 2000
2–5 How EPCC works with
business in Scotland
6 EUTIST: machine vision
EPCC’s new MSc in HPC
7 Summer Scholarships
8 10 years of EPCC
9 EWOMP 2000
10 Supercomputing 2000
11 New starts at EPCC
At work with
EPCC in Scotland
WELCOME to the Winter edition of EPCC News. In this issue we
bring you up to date with the latest news on a few of the Scottish
companies that are reaping the rewards of EPCC-provided
solutions (see the articles on pages 3, 4 and 5).
Small Scottish companies now make up over 50% of our
commercial client base. This fact is important for two reasons.
First, it illustrates the extent to which Scotland’s businesses now
depend upon technology for their day-to-day operations.
Second, it serves as a measure of the success of EPCC’s
CALEDONIA project (see article on opposite page).
EPCC News aims to provide a service for the high performance
computing academic community and also to offer an informative
read to others interested in state-of-the computing. This edition is
the second of the new look EPCC News and we hope you
appreciate the fresh approach.
Comments and queries on EPCC’s commercial activities in
Scotland should be sent to: email@example.com.
Scottish Enterprise and EPCC – working
together for Scottish business
DR ARTHUR TREW
In 1991, EPCC bid for funding from Scottish Enterprise to
support industry work on our new CM-200 Connection Machine
– at that time the most powerful computer in the UK. In 1992,
the Scottish Enterprise Software Group agreed a funding
package gated by clear business targets – and so began the
relationship with one of our most long-term stakeholders.
Over the years, EPCC and Scottish Enterprise have seen the
market for high-end computing solutions change and with it the
form of the partnership. But our constant focus has been to make
a difference for industry and commerce, with, of course, a
special focus on Scotland. In achieving this, our task has been
eased by technological advances. No longer is it necessary to
buy expensive, esoteric computers for many high-end problems
– the improvement in networking functionality in MS Windows
means that EPCC can often provide novel solutions within the
context of standard PC networks. This, in turn, has broadened
our client base, which now ranges from large, blue chip multinationals
to small local companies.
Today, Scottish Enterprise is helping EPCC fulfill its mission by
providing seed-corn funding to enable Scottish SMEs evaluate
the business benefits from novel computing. By improving their
business processes we hope to increase the companies'
competitiveness in the global marketplace and hence to grow the
Scottish economy. So, is the plan working Yes! Over the last
two years, EPCC has worked with many Scottish SMEs such as:
Altamira Colour Ltd – an Ayrshire-based fabric manufacturer
whose scheduling processes we helped improve;
Weidlinger Associates Ltd – a recently-opened branch of a US
engineering consultancy for whom EPCC produced new software
for the design of medical ultrasound transducers;
Integriti Ltd – an SME in Dingwall, which we are helping to
develop a corrosion monitoring system.
For the past two years, we have combined this project work with
a marketing campaign part-funded by the European Regional
Development Fund. This project, known as CALEDONIA (see
opposite page), is running a series of monthly seminars focused
on a range of business sectors and we are visiting a wide
variety of SMEs to investigate new challenges. We have already
talked to over 500 companies and this is helping not only to
raise awareness of the potential of novel computing solutions,
but is enabling the range of seed-corn projects to be wider than
Looking forward, EPCC is committed to remaining at the
forefront of technological development and to transfer the
benefits to industry. The current academic interest in Grid
computing will, we believe, rapidly translate into business
opportunities and so we are working with Scottish Enterprise to
put together a new data exchange project to investigate the
I believe that the last eight years have been beneficial to EPCC,
Scottish Enterprise – and Scottish industry. I hope that our
partnership will be as fruitful for the next eight and that this new
data exchange project will be the first step towards a bright
Novel and high performance computing solutions could give you a competitive edge over your business rivals.
That’s the message the CALEDONIA initiative has been delivering to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs)
throughout Lowland Scotland since its launch in 1998. Two years on and CALEDONIA is going strong. In fact,
we’re busier than ever.
Jointly funded by Scottish Enterprise and the European Regional
Development Fund, CALEDONIA aims to create an awareness of
the benefits of the novel use of high performance computing
technology. It’s only in the past few years that such computing
has become affordable by smaller organisations and it offers
them significant opportunities to improve their competitive
In the beginning, SMEs were rather nervous about CALEDONIA
technologies – namely manufacturing planning software,
clustering and machine vision. Now, thanks to our promotion of
the business benefits of these technologies, SMEs have gained
confidence and we’re now finding that we’re being inundated
with requests to implement machine vision solutions!
The key to the success of the initiative therefore has been making
SMEs aware of the business benefits and opportunities presented
by novel computing technology. This has been achieved through
holding seminars (over 20 to date), demonstrator projects (over
5 to date and more about to begin – this includes CB
Technology, as described on page 9) and the regular production
of newsletters and information material.
CALEDONIA is due to finish next year in 2001. We’re hopeful
that the initiative will continue beyond this date as it is clear that
Scottish SMEs have much to gain from using novel technologies
and much to lose if they don’t.
For more information about CALEDONIA, please contact
Maureen Wilkinson, Caledonia Project Co-ordinator. Tel 0131
650 5027 or email m.wilkinson@epcc .ed.ac.uk
Weidlinger II PAUL
Carrying on from the successful project between Weidlinger
Associates Ltd. and EPCC which concluded earlier this year,
funding is currently being sought from Scottish Enterprise for a
Weidlinger is a major US engineering consultancy with a
European operation based in Fife. It offers a wide range of
innovative services in the fields of structural and civil
engineering, dynamics and applied mechanics. A crucial part of
its business is based around its modelling software used in such
areas as structural dynamics, survivability, explosive simulation
and electromagnetic modelling.
However, even with the performance gains offered by the
pseudo-spectral method, it is still very computationally
EPCC's role will be to look to implement new functionality within
the software and to further improve its performance. The project
is due to finish in October 2001.
More detailed information on PZFlex can be found at
Weidlinger's website: http://www.wai.com/
Like the first project, this one is concerned with the software
package PZFlex. PZFlex is used for the finite-element modelling
of piezoelectric devices and supports a broad range of
modelling capabilities. It is used widely in industry and
academia for tasks such as transducer modelling, sonar design
and medical ultrasound modelling. This project is concerned
mainly with a part of the software which utilises pseudo-spectral
methods for modelling wave propagation through a
heterogeneous medium. The pseudo-spectral method helps
reduce memory requirements and computation time, and thus
allows more accurate and complex models than those generated
by more traditional methods.
Charting unknown territory
It happens every day. There you are, sitting in your boat, bobbing about in the
North Sea and trying to decide where to start drilling for oil...
OK, it's not common for most of us but it is an important
problem faced by oil and gas exploration companies. Prior to
commencing a drilling programme it is paramount that the
companies are confident of the existence and location of
reservoirs of oil and of the identity of materials located far below
EPCC has started a 20-week project with Radar World Ltd, an
East Lothian company that has spent 20 years developing
Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) technology for the identification
of materials and material properties. GPR technology measures
the reflection and absorption imagery of objects from
electromagnetic frequencies and deals with the high energy
response functions of the material in question. Specialised
software provides an unambiguous identification of the material.
The common theme of Radar World's
business is the design,
manufacture and testing of
for identifying a
range of materials.
Oil and gas
exploration is one market
for Radar World's
products but several
Sub-surface objects are
identified via Radar World's
Ground Penetrating Radar
areas have been identified. For instance, the material
identification procedure is entirely non-invasive, which makes it
suitable for medical and biological applications and in the food
and drink industry.
Our project entails the construction of a graphical user interface
(GUI) for Radar World's current suite of GPR software. This
Java-based software will provide Radar World with an MS
Windows based product to create a sub-surface mapping system
for use in oil and gas exploration. The GUI will provide a menu
system leading the user through a series of modules from setting
scanning parameters and capturing the data to displaying
scanned images and material identification. The GUI will also
provide a web interface to Radar World's database of
previously identified materials and the mechanism for a user to
submit typecasting requests to Radar World.
Throughout the development of the GUI, EPCC will collaborate
with Radar World to ensure the product provides the full range
of functionality required by field engineers. A major advantage
of the adoption of an object-oriented approach is that the rapid
prototyping of the GUI is facilitated. This greatly enhances the
level of customer interaction during a product's initial
development stages. In particular, it is possible to demonstrate
non-functional versions of a GUI to the customer and to gain
valuable feedback on its suitability and usage. In turn, this
information can be incorporated in a revised version of the
product. Further, a modular approach to the GUI design will
allow the GUI to be readily tailored to suit alternative
applications of the GPR code.
The GUI that EPCC will produce for Radar World's software will
make its product of immediate value in the field. The provision of
the GUI will vastly reduce the complexity of running Radar
World's software and it is anticipated that it will
contribute significantly to an uptake of Radar World's
products throughout the oil and gas industry.
No more bobbing about in boats, then.
Looking closer at machine
visionNEIL CHUE HONG
Machine vision is a field that covers the sensing and computer
processing of images in industrial applications. It can offer
greater definition and objectivity to replace the subjectivity of
human visual inspection, and can be used to measure
parameters which are ‘invisible’ to the human eye. EPCC is
taking part in a number of machine vision projects in a wide
variety of areas.
Typical applications of machine vision systems include:
• production line grading and inspection
• fingerprint or facial recognition
• room analysis
• object identification
• light monitoring
• object orientation and positioning
• range finding
• weld and join inspection
• crack and fault detection
• controlling robotics.
In many cases, machine vision is used to augment existing
Many businesses are now utilising machine vision techniques
to improve efficiency and accuracy. In the past the majority
have been large companies with complex production lines.
Now, as the price of hardware falls, many SMEs are looking
to see if machine vision systems can provide benefits to their
business. From simple applications like detecting if a part is
on a production line to more complicated tasks such as using
a laser guide to direct a water jet to accurately clean and trim
fish, machine vision can be used to help all sizes
and types of companies.
also recently started the EUTIST-MV scheme which will involve
several European machine vision projects (see page 10). In
addition, a number of projects with local organisations are in
EPCC's next machine vision project is with CB Technology as
part of the Caledonia initiative. CB Technology is a company
based in Livingston manufacturing precision contact probe
cards to test semi-conductor wafers.
CB Technology want a system which will allow them to
accurately measure the position of each probe tip on the card
By utilising an existing computer-controlled table and
mounting a compact camera with microscope lenses on it, this
process can be done automatically, using image processing
and shape recognition techniques.
This will detect any probe tips which are out of alignment and
allow an optimal solution for the realignment of the tips to be
By implementing this system, CB Technology will no longer
have to check each tip manually, increasing the efficiency and
speed of probe production. In addition, it will be able to enter
and store probe card designs allowing it to retrieve them if a
new card of a particular type is needed.
With the price of machine vision equipment becoming more
and more affordable, is it time to change the way you look at
In most cases, the solution required depends on the
application and the particular combination of
hardware and software needed are
unique to the problem. It is difficult
to use ‘off the shelf’ systems for
machine vision as each detail, such
as lighting, is important and can be
very different. EPCC has previously
undertaken the PROSPECT project,
looking at improving existing
automatic inspection techniques at a
carpet manufacturing plant. It has
A probe card
manufactured by CB
Technology to test
wafers. Each probe
tip is just 50 microns
in diameter and is
machine vision for
EPCC has started a new technology transfer initiative worth
€3.2M in the field of integrated machine vision, funded by the
European Commission's Information Society Technologies (IST)
EPCC, together with Satakunta Polytechnic in Finland and CiS
Institut für Mikrosensorik in Germany, will be responsible for ten
industrial projects – all of which use machine vision to improve
products and processes. The application areas are wideranging
and include timber sawing, the manufacture of safety
glass and quality control of food and textiles.
The cluster of projects is part of the Commission's drive to ensure
that the results of its Research and Technology Development
Machine inspection of
(RTD) programme are taken up by industry.
The projects involve end-users in industry as
well as research institutes, and the focus is on commercial
exploitation of new technology.
The project started on 1st October and will run until April 2003.
EPCC’s new MSc in high performance
computing GORDON DARLING
EPCC is to present an MSc in high performance computing. This
is in response to the increasing interest in the application of the
advanced computational and computing techniques throughout
academia, industry and commerce. We are pleased to announce
that the MSc will be funded through EPSRC's Masters Training
Package and a number of funded student places will be
Commencing in October 2001, the
• provide training in fundamental
areas of HPC
• teach advanced programming tools
• apply advanced computational and
computing techniques in industrial
and commercial fields
• address the HPC demands of the
• offer graduates a valuable,
accredited university qualification.
Students will be able to undertake the MSc on a full-time or parttime
basis and will be required to take a series of compulsory
and optional modules followed by a dissertation.
A high level of support for the MSc has already been expressed
by industrial and commercial organisations who are interested in
the employment of graduates with the first-class skills and
education our MSc will provide. In addition, a number of
organisations have indicated their
willingness to offer summer project
positions. The modular nature of the course
also makes the undertaking of the MSc
attractive to those already in employment
who wish to continue their professional
development and greatly advance their
knowledge and skills in HPC.
Further information on the MSc or on
EPCC's other training activities can be found
Or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Summer Scholarship Programme 2000
This summer EPCC once again ran its successful Summer
Scholarship Programme (SSP) for undergraduate students, with
twelve participants coming from ten different institutes in the UK,
Republic of Ireland, Czech Republic, Greece, Poland, Malta and
After an intensive week-long programme of training courses in
High Performance Computing techniques, students work on
individual projects, supervised by an EPCC staff member,
sometimes in conjunction with an external supervisor. This year's
external supervisors included researchers from the Department of
Meteorology, the Department of Geology and Geophysics and
staff from SELLIC (the Science and Engineering Library, Learning
and Information Centre).
Projects are usually proposed by EPCC staff and investigate
either personal research interests of staff members or areas of
particular current interest to EPCC. Each year the range of
projects reflects the wide variety of work undertaken by EPCC,
encompassing everything from pure computer science to the
application of HPC techniques to solve real-world problems.
At the end of the ten weeks, students write a full project report.
These reports, along with information about the students, are
available from the SSP web pages, as are details of projects
from previous years.
Snapshot of the animation produced to
visualise a computer simulation of the
formation of sandpiles (Dimitrios Mitsotakis).
Here are some examples of this year's projects:
‘Investigating Globus and GRID technologies’ (Golestan
Radwan, Cairo University, Egypt. Supervised by Paul Graham
and Connor Mulholland of EPCC).
Globus is a multi-institutional research and development project
focussed on enabling the application of grid concepts to
scientific and engineering computing. This project investigated
various Grid-related technologies and packages, evaluating
them and suggesting ways of improving their current
‘Library Tools for Course Web Site Creators’ (Andrew Marshall,
University of York, UK. Supervised by Mario Antonioletti and
Gordon Darling of EPCC, and John MacColl and Wilma
Alexander of SELLIC).
This project concerns the development of a prototype tool to
facilitate the creation of on-line reading lists. Using a portable
protocol called z39.50 the tool interacts directly with the on-line
library catalogue allowing a reading list to be created by
teaching staff. In this way errors are minimised and availability
of the books is ensured. Records are identified directly from the
catalogue and added to the reading list. The chosen records can
then be output collectively as an HTML page to be incorporated
into a course website or as a series of HTML stubs to be
embedded in existing HTML. It is then possible for students to
click on these records and get holdings and locations
information directly from the library.
‘Visualisation of 2D and 3D Discrete Element Models using
OpenGL’ (Dimitrios Mitsotakis, University of Crete, Greece.
Supervised by David Henty of EPCC).
In this project a simple visualiser for DEMs (Discrete Element
Models) was written using the standard OpenGL graphics
library. This was then used to read files containing particle
positions as a function of time and animate them. The data came
from a third-party DEM code that simulates the formation of
sand piles. The effects of different colours, lighting and camera
motion were investigated to improve the quality of the
visualisations. A parallel version of the code was also developed
using MPI, allowing animations to be generated more quickly.
The project was very successful, and the results were used to
illustrate Dr Henty's talk at the annual Supercomputing 2000
conference (see opposite page).
Further information – including the final project reports for these
projects and the other SSP projects undertaken this year – can
be found on the webpage at: http://www.epcc.ed.ac.uk/ssp/
Information about the application procedure and the on-line
application form for the 2001 SSP are also now available from
In September 2000, EPCC celebrated the tenth anniversary of its foundation. The occasion was marked by the
announcement of a new strategic partnership with Sun Microsystems. The following is an extract from a speech
given by EPCC’s Director, Dr Arthur Trew.
In celebration of ten years of EPCC
DR ARTHUR TREW
‘Ten years ago, our most powerful computer filled half a room
and had the performance of what today you could buy with a
few thousand pounds and place on a desktop. Ten years ago,
the Cold War was still in full swing and the HPC market was
dominated by government agencies, research establishments and
science and engineering companies. The machines were made
by 50 companies who designed their own microprocessors and
networks and wrote their own operating systems. There was
enough diversity to write a book on the subject, indeed those of
you with long memories will remember that Greg Wilson and I
did. Today, we could hardly scrape a pamphlet. Microprocessors
and operating systems are standard items, developed for
larger, more lucrative markets and only global companies
have the R&D budgets to innovate.
UltraSPARC III microprocessor and use interconnect technology
developed during the US's ASCI Pathforward project. This
system will deliver to EPCC, its commercial clients and academic
colleagues in the University of Edinburgh, more CPU and
memory than was available from the national HPC centres to the
entire UK computational research community only three years
‘I think that it is, therefore, a fair summary to say that as we
stand at the beginning of our second decade, EPCC and its
collaborators are looking towards a rosy future.’
‘So if change has joined the eternal verities of death and
taxes, what of the future How can a centre on the
northern periphery of Europe continue to make its mark
The answer is that we must embrace change and also
make friends, which is why tonight I am very pleased to
be able to announce that EPCC has become one of Sun
Microsystems' strategic partners – one of only three in the
area of HPC worldwide.
‘This is no empty rhetoric. EPCC has worked
with Sun Microsystems on joint software
projects for some two years now, and we
have invested in Sun compute technology. To
mark the partnership, Sun Microsystems has
donated a testbed SMP cluster worth some
£750,000 and we shall install a state-of-theart
facility in a few months. I cannot go into
details of that system tonight, except to say
that it will be based on Sun's latest
Above (left to right): Prof Jeff Collins
(EPCC’s first chairman), Dr Arthur Trew,
(EPCC’s Director), Prof David Wallace
(EPCC’s first director), Prof Richard
Kenway (EPCC Chairman), Graham
Kemp (Education and Research Business
Manager, Sun Microsystems).
Far right: Dr Arthur Trew.
Right: Prof David Wallace
Win! Win! Win!
To mark our anniversary, we are giving away a
bottle of Glenkinchie single malt whisky, which is
bottled near Edinburgh.
If you’d like the chance to win this winter warmer,
just send us a donation for Edinburgh Direct Aid,
a charity that takes humanitarian supplies to
Kosovo and Bosnia. We recommend a minimum
donation of five pounds – EPCC will match each
donation, pound for pound.
Email or post your entry to the address shown on
the feedback form on the back page. Don’t forget
to include your donation, name, postal address
and contact details. The winning entries will be
picked out of the hat on January 29 2001.
EWOMP 2000 – the Second European Workshop on OpenMP – was held at
Murrayfield Conference Centre, Edinburgh on 14th and 15th September.
EWOMP 2000 –
the Second European Workshop on
OpenMP DR MARK BULL, EPCC
EWOMP was hosted by EPCC in collaboration with
Dr Barbara Chapman of the University of Houston.
The event attracted nearly 70 delegates from 10
European countries, Israel, the United States and
The technical programme, consisting of three invited
presentations and 17 contributed talks, was of a very
high standard, and initiated much discussion and
debate, culminating in a lively panel session on the
future of OpenMP.
OpenMP has recently emerged as the definitive
standard for shared memory parallel programming.
This workshop was designed as a forum for
discussion of the latest developments in OpenMP and
its applications. The topics covered included
applications experiences, tools, language
developments and implementations, mixed
MPI/OpenMP programming, performance analysis
The invited presentations were:
• ‘OpenMP on Sparc Solaris: Compilers, Tools, and
Performance’ (Larry Meadows, Sun Microsystems)
• ‘Extending OpenMP for NUMA Architectures’
Jonathan Harris, Compaq Computer Corporation)
Below (left to right): Barbara Chapman (University of Houston),
Jonathan Harris (Compaq Computers Corp), Mark Bull, (EPCC),
Larry Meadows (Sun Microsystems), Sanjiv Shah (Kuck and
Associates), Jim Cownie (Etnus LLC).
• ‘OpenMP Fortran 2.0 and Beyond’ (Sanjiv Shah,
Kuck and Associates Inc., representing the
OpenMP Architecture Review Board)
The next workshop in this series, EWOMP 2001, will
be hosted by the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya,
and will take place in Barcelona, Spain, in
EPCC gratefully acknowledges Sun Microsystems for
sponsoring this event.
Copies of these invited presentations, and of all the
contributed papers and presentations, are available
2000 DR DAVID HENTY
This year's SC2000 meeting took place in Dallas, Texas, during
4–10 November. Supercomputing is the foremost international
conference on high-performance networking and computing,
and EPCC was more heavily involved than ever before.
As at SC99, EPCC had a Research Booth in the exhibition hall
and a poster (‘Parallel Programming in Java with OpenMP-like
Directives’ by Dr Mark Bull) shown as a ‘Research Gem’. This
year, however, we also had papers accepted for the Technical
Program – the first time that EPCC's research has been presented
at Supercomputing. Dr Stephen Booth spoke on ‘Single Sided
MPI Implementations for Sun MPI’, and Dr David Henty on
‘Performance of Hybrid Message-Passing and Shared-Memory
Parallelism for Discrete Element Modelling’. Both talks were
extremely well attended with in excess of 250 people in the
audience for each session.
At the EPCC Research Booth we distributed information on our
academic and industrial projects, and displayed a poster
detailing the Intersim project that is currently being undertaken
for Cisco Systems. We also showed various demos and
animations from EPCC's multimedia annual report, and gave out
in excess of 100 copies of the report on CD-ROM. Having a
presence in the exhibition hall makes it much easier to interact
with the other commercial exhibitors who include software
vendors and all the major manufacturers such as Sun, Cray, SGI,
IBM, Compaq and NEC. There was significant interest in EPCC's
work which we hope to convert into future projects. Other
research organisations were also represented, including the
major US and European supercomputer centres as well as
Manchester from the UK.
There was no obvious single trend at SC2000, although it is
clear that there is ever-increasing interest in the Linux operating
system and the possibilities opened up by the Computational
Grid (the focus of the previous issue of EPCC News). EPCC's
current research areas of Java and OpenMP also had a very
Given our growing involvement in Supercomputing, we expect
that you will be seeing EPCC again at SC2001 in Denver,
For full details see the SC2000 web pages at:
http://www.sc2000.org/. The site is rather large, so if you are
just interested in the EPCC talks then download pap154.pdf and
Far left. The EPCC
team (left to right):
Mark Bull, Kira
Booth, David Henty,
Left: Visitors at
New starts at EPCC
Lindsay Pottage, Applications Consultant
I graduated from the University of Glasgow in 1999
with BSc (hons) in Immunology. During the degree
course I worked for Astra pharmaceuticals in Boston as
a vaccine research assistant. Unfortunately this
experience made me realise that the lab life wasn't for
me and therefore, following graduation, I continued on
to complete an MSc in Information Technology:
My interests include hockey, rugby (only watching),
music and dancing.
Esme Kaiser, Admin Assistant
I started work as an admin assistant in EPCC in
October 2000. I previously worked as a system
operator in the Estates & Buildings dept of the
University of Edinburgh, organising rooms for
academic purposes. I moved to Edinburgh in
1998 from Glossop (a small town near
Manchester) where I studied to gain a riding
instructor qualification. I also competed to a
professional level in eventing and show jumping.
My interests are riding, playing the saxophone
and modifying cars.
Jo Beech-Brandt, Systems Support
I spent my student days in JCMB doing a
Computational Physics degree. I was also
an SSP student in '99 where I worked
with Doug Smith on an OpenMP project.
Before starting at uni, I worked for a few
years at Daresbury Laboratory. I spent
my time there in a variety of departments
including user support, nuclear science
support, electronics and finally in the
synchrotron science computing support
On a more personal note, I enjoy
travelling, going to the cinema, eating
out and lots of good socialising!
16-18 Introduction to High Performance Computing
23-24 Writing Message Passing Programs with MPI
30-31 Data Parallel Programming with HPF
6-7 Writing Shared Memory Parallel Programs with Open MP
13-14 Scientific Visualisation: A Practical Introduction
27 Feb– Practical Software Development for Computational Scientists and Engineers
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since sometimes our courses are
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due to lack of numbers, so it is to
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find that you will be unable to
attend, please let us know so that we
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EPCC is one of the leading European centres for parallel
computing research, development and applications. It
promotes the exploitation of new computer technology
through: courses and seminars; direct contract work; and
participation in European and UK Government-funded
EPCC is pleased to acknowledge the support of these
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