HYDRO POWER : An Indian Experience and Future Trends - unido

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HYDRO POWER : An Indian Experience and Future Trends - unido

HYDRO POWER : An Indian

Experience and Future Trends

DR. N.P.SINGH

Adviser

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

Government of India

New Delhi

Global Renewable Energy Forum

May 18-21, 2008

Brazil


Introduction

‣ India’s s experience with Hydro dates back to 1897 with

a Small Hydro Project of 165 KW at Sidrapong, , in

Darjeeling.

‣ First Medium size Hydro Project, was set up at

Sivasamudram (4320KW) in Karnataka in 1902.

‣ First Private sector Hydro Project was set up at Kopili

by M/S Tata Power(40 MW) in in 1915.

‣ At the time of independence, the installed capacity

stood at 1362 MW with share of hydro as 532 MW.


Sidrapong H.E.Station(1897)


Indian Electricity Scenario

Fuel

Installed

Capacity (MW)

%

Thermal 91906.84 64.6

Hydro 35908.76 24.7

Nuclear 4120 2.9

Renewable 1125.41 7.7

Total 143061.01


Indian Electricity Scenario

Installed Capacity (MW)

Installed Capacity (MW)

91906.84

91906.84

Thermal

Hydro

143061.01

143061.01

1125.41 4120

35908.76

Nuclear

Renewable

Total

4120

35908.76

1125.41

Thermal Hydro Nuclear Renewable Total


Sector-wise Total Installed

Power Capacity in India

Sector

MW

%age

State Sector 74,689.36 52.5

Central Sector 48,360.99 34.0

Private Sector 20,010.66 13.5

Total 1,43,061.01


Power Reforms in India

‣ Bifurcation/Trifurcation of Electricity Boards

‣ Acceleration Power Reform Development Programme (to minimize

Transmission and Economic loses)

‣ Private Sector Participation in Power Generation and Distribution n (1990)

‣ Hydro Power Policy 1998

‣ Electricity Regulatory Commissions (CERC & SERCs)

‣ Electricity Act 2003

‣ National Electricity Policy 2005

‣ Tariff Policy 2006

‣ Hydro Power Policy 2008


HYDRO POWER








Ministry of Power

(Hydro more than 25 MW capacity)

Ministry of New & Renewable Energy

(upto

25 MW capacity)

Central Utilities

(NHPC, NTPC, NEEPCO, THDC ,NJPC, NHDC, State Power Departments, Electricity

Boards/Corporations)

Private Sector/ Independent Power Producers

Central Electricity Authority

Alternate Hydro Energy Centre, IIT, Roorkee

IREDA


Hydro Electric Power Potential

in India

‣ India is blessed with many rivers. As many as 12 of them

are classified as major rivers whose total catchment area

is 258.2 million ha.

‣ First comprehensive assessment of potential was

carried out in 1921. First comprehensive survey was

carried out by CWPC in 1953-59.The 59.The reassessment was

carried out by CEA in 1987.

‣ India has an enormous hydro electric power potential of

around 148700 MW(84044MW at 60% load factor).


BASIN– WISE HYDRO POWER POTENTIAL

IN INDIA

Basin/River Potential at 60%

Load Factor

Probable Installed

Capacity (MW)

Indus 19988 33832

Ganga 10715 20711

Central Indian

Rivers

West-flowing

Rivers

2740 4152

6149 9430

East-flowing Rivers 9532 14511

Brahmaputra 34920 66065

Total 84044 148701

Say 1,50,000


PLAN WISE GROWTH AND SHARE OF HYDRO POWER IN INDIA

Plan Period

Installed Capacity at the end of Plan (MW)

Hydro

Capacity

Addition

during

the Plan

(MW)

Hydro

Power

Installed

Capacity

Total Installed

Capacity

including other

R.E.S.

Hydro Power Share

as % of Total

Installed Capacity

1 st Plan (1951-56)

56) 380.19 1061.44 2886.14 36.78

2 nd Plan (1956-61)

61) 977.18 1916.66 4653.05 41.19

3 rd Plan (1961-66)

66) 2207.08 4123.74 9027.02 45.68

3 Annual plans (1966-69)

69) 1783.17 5906.91 12957.27 45.58

4 th Plan (1969-74)

1058.39 6965.3 16663.56 41.80

5 th Plan (1974-79)

79) 3867.77 10833.07 26680.06 40.60

Annual Plan (1979-80)

550.90 11383.97 28447.83 40.01

6 th Plan (1980-85)

85) 3076.05 14460.02 42584.72 33.96

7 th Plan (1985-90)

90) 3828.41 18307.63 63636.34 28.77

2 Annual Plans (1990-92)

92) 881.50 19194.62 69065.39 27.79

8 th Plan (1992-97)

97) 2427.65 21644.8 85019.31 25.46

9 th Plan (1997-02)

4538.25 26261.23 103410.04 25.40

10 th Plan (2002-07)

07) 7886.00 34653.77 132329.21 26.19


India’s s Experience in Hydro Power

‣ Over 35908.56 MW of Hydro capacity has been created in India

which is about 24.7% of the available potential mainly through

large hydros. In addition, a capacity of over 13500 MW is under

construction.

‣ In addition to above 4559.6 MW PSS is under operation and

another 250 MW is under construction.

‣ Some of the major hydros are, Bhakra (1325 MW), Dehar(990

MW),Salal(690 MW),Chamera(840 MW), Nathpa Jhakri(1500

MW),Tehri

(1000 MW), Sardar

Sarovar

(1450MW), Indira

Sagar(1000 MW), Koyna(1920 MW), Nagarjuna

Sagar(815

MW),

Srisailam( ( 770 MW),SrisailamLBPH(900 MW),

Sharavathi(1006.2 MW), Kalinadi(855 MW),Idukki(780 MW),

Purulia PSS(900 MW), Teesta(510 MW), etc.


India’s s Experience in Hydro Power

‣ Major hydros under construction include, Parbati

II (800 MW), Kol Dam(800 MW), Lower Subarnsiri

(2000 MW), Kameng (600MW), Karcham Wangtoo

(1000 MW), Teesta III (1200 MW) etc.

‣ Under the hydro R&M programme, 65 hydro

electric schemes with an installed capacity of

10511 MW at a cost of Rs. 1726 crores have been

completed by the end of the Xth Plan.


Nathpa Jhakri H.E.Station (1500 MW)


Tehri H.E.station (1000 MW)


Salal H.E.Station (690 MW)


Tapovan Vishnugad HE (520MW)


Hydro Development - 50,000 MW Hydro Initiative

‣ 50,000 MW Hydro Initiative was launched in 2003 and

Preliminary Feasibility Report (PFRS) of 162 projects

totaling to 48,000 MW has been prepared.

‣ Out of this 77 projects with total capacity of about 37000

MW for which first year tariff is expected to be less than

Rs.2.50/unit were selected for execution.

‣ In 11th plan, a capacity addition of over 15,500 MW has

been earmarked keeping in view the present

preparedness of these projects.

‣ Projects totaling to a capacity of 30,000 MW have been

identified for 12th Plan.

‣ 13 th Plan 31,000 MW

‣ 14 th Plan 36,494 MW


Ranking Study

CEA in consultation with MoE&F, , CWC, GSI,

NRSA, Survey of India etc. has done

Preliminary Study of all executing

underdeveloped hydro sites in a systematic

manner.


Ranking Study

Classification of Schemes

(About 400 schemes 1,07,000 MW)

A: 98 schemes (15,600 MW)

B: 247 schemes (69,850 MW)

C: 55 schemes (21,420 MW)


Hydro Power Policy, 2008

‣ A new policy on accelerated development of

Hydro Power was announced in January 2008

with the following objectives:

• Inducing private investment in Hydro Power

Development.

• Harnessing the balance Hydro Electric potential.

• Improving resettlement and rehabilitation.

• Facilitating financial viability.


Main Features of Policy

Lays emphasis on:







basin-wise development

evolving consensus on inter-state issues

mitigation of geological risks

simplified procedure for transfer of

clearance

promoting joint venture arrangements

rationalisation of hydro tariff


New Tehri Township


Bhakra Dam


SMALL HYDRO POWER

‣ Potential

- 15,000 MW

Identified potential

- 14,294 MW (5403 sites)

Installed Capacity

- 2108 MW (618 projects)

Under implementation

- 698 MW ( 226 projects)


STRATTEGY FOR SHP DEVELOPMENT

SHP development envisaged through:

‣ Private Sector participation

‣ State Government/SEB

‣ Central PSUs

‣ Local Bodies & NGO


PRIVATE SECTOR INITIATIVES

135 SHP projects aggregating 651 MW

commissioned by the private sector.

Karnataka

Andhra Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh

Maharashtra

Uttaranchal

Punjab

West Bangal

396.60 MW

95.20 MW

68.15 MW

18.00 MW

15.50 MW

16.65 MW

6.45 MW


THRUST OF SHP PROGRAMME

‣ 2% of capacity addition should come from SHP,

capacity addition of 1400MW 2007-12

‣ Reliable data for potential sites

‣ Improve Reliability

‣ Improve Quality

‣ Reduce cost of power from SHP


THANK YOU

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