Torino Oulu (pdf) - B-Team Initiative

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Torino Oulu (pdf) - B-Team Initiative

Lorenzo Pessotto

International Affairs Department

City of Torino


Torino: the New Deal

After a century of strong development, based

on manufacturing and car industry, during the

’80s’ Torino experienced a deep crisis related

to the demographic and industrial decline. It

then started a new positive deal.

Since the 1990’s Torino has been following a

path that has transformed it from an industrial

capital - a sector which continues to play a

fundamental role - into a pole of innovation,

culture and improved quality of life.

• 1995 New Town Master Plan

• 2000 First Strategic Plan

• 2006 Winter Olympics

• 2006 Second Strategic Plan, focused on knowledge and

innovation


Torino: reshaping the urban fabric

Torino’s quest for a new identity as a driving centre

for culture, innovation and quality of life brought the

urban fabric through a process of reshaping.

In such a process the creation of cultural centres

played a crucial role in exploiting the spaces deriving

from the post-industrial transformation.

Old Spaces = New Opportunities

Opportunities do not follow a recurrent pattern.

Planning, implementation and financing of new

cultural centres followed different paths, according

to local specificities. Different areas of the city were

affected as well.


Lingotto

Yesterday

It once was a huge automobile factory, constructed by

Fiat. Built from 1916 and opened in 1923, the design

(by young architect Mattè Trucco) was unusual in that

it had five floors, with raw materials going in at the

ground floor, and cars built on a line that went up

through the building. Finished cars emerged at rooftop

level, where there was a rooftop test track. It was the

largest car factory in the world at that time.

Today

• Multifunction structure for fairs, congresses and

events

• Auditorium

• Shopping mall and multiplex cinema

• Gallery

How

1985, shared capital society leaded by FIAT. Project

awarded to Renzo Piano.


Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo

Yesterday

The seat in Torino of the Fondazione

Rebaudengo once was a plant of the

Fergat factory, hosting presses for the

production of alloy wheels.

Today

The building, entirely reshaped both

externally and internally, hosts the

Fondazione Rebaudengo, observatory

on young artists and on artistic avantgardes.

How

The ancient building and the land have

been assigned to a private foundation -

loan to use, 99 years - which

autonomously restored them.


Fondazione Merz

Yesterday

Former heat-producing power plant of the

Lancia factory.

Today

The building, whose recovery has been directly

followed by the artist Mario Merz himself, until

his death, nowadays hosts his huge collection of

works and promotes initiatives in the field of

contemporary arts

How

Former property of the City. Restored by the City

then assigned to a private foundation - loan

for use.


Officine Grandi Riparazioni

Yesterday

OGR are one of the last attestations of the

industrial past of Torino. Built from 1885 and

1895 on 190.000 sm, they’ve been hosting the

garages in which locomotives and carriages were

repaired. The H-shaped building with is

monumental architecture and its cast iron pillars

nave is an authentic “cathedral of industry”.

Today

The abandoned industrial buildings have been

Torino

converted into tertiary structures and exhibition

spaces. The complex of the old OGR hosts the

expansion of the Politecnico di Torino: the

Cittadella Politecnica. A few metres further

north, the H-shaped building will be the heart of

the 150th anniversary celebrations of the

Unity of Italy, in 2011.

How

Owned by the national railways company, patronized by the Superintendence of Cultural Heritage. Loaned for use

to the City, for 30 years, which has made the interventions to make it fit for use. Waiting for a private bank

Foundation (Fondazione CRT) to buy and fully restore it - legal procedure ongoing.


Fonderie Teatrali Limone

Yesterday

The Fonderie Limone were founded in 1924 by Giuseppe Limone and in its sheds were fused bronze, aluminium and cast

iron. After the crisis in the sixties a long period of abandoning begun.

Today

In 1997 the idea of transforming it into a cultural and theatrical performance factory was formalized. It is nowadays a

unique lab for planning and elaborating ideas, a tool exploited by the theatre (namely the Teatro Stabile di Torino), by

arts in general and by the local community.

How

Property of the City of Moncalieri, restored with EU funds and then assigned to Teatro Stabile di Torino - dowry: thanks

to the assignation Moncalieri became partner of the TST.


Casa del Teatro Ragazzi

Yesterday

Former industrial complex, built in the beginning

of the 20 th century, which hosted several

activities: garages, electrical systems factories.

Today

A public and open space dedicated to creativity,

to theatre and to young people.

How

The City restored it and then assigned it - loan

for use - to a newborn private foundation putting

together all youth theatre companies of the

territory. The City became partner and entered

the foundation.


Cineporto & Museo A come Ambiente

Yesterday

Former Colongo plant - a woollen mill of 9.400 sm, large as an entire block.

Former Michelin plant.

Today

A service hub for filmmakers and film studios.

A museum/lab suggesting good practices on environmental issues.

How

Assigned to Film Commission - of which the City is partner together with the Piedmont Region - who financed and

managed the restoration.

Assigned to a private foundation after restoration - loan for use -. The City is president of the foundation.

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