6 Jirina Bergatt Jackson - B-Team Initiative

bteaminitiative.eu

6 Jirina Bergatt Jackson - B-Team Initiative

Circular Flow Land Use Management (CircUse)

From Brownfield

regeneration to land

use management

B-TEAM project final conference

7-8.11.2012,Sevilla, Spain

Jiřina Bergatt Jackson

IURS-Institut pro udržitelný rozvoj sídel o.s.

jjackson@iurs.cz, www.urbaninfo.cz, Nov.2012

IURS

This project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF

www.circuse.eu


Circular Flow Land Use Management

About IURS

IURS is a non-profit advocacy, research and project

implementation organization, which aims are:

• working to support sustainable land use development

practices,

• strong focus on issues of underused urban land,

containment of sprawl and sustainable urban

development

• to foster broad coalitions that enhance the

competitiveness of accessible and equitable urban

development and redevelopment.

IURS

This project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Circular Flow Land Use Management

Presentation content

• Symptoms

• Evidence

• Causes

• CircUse Solution

• CircUse Process

• CircUse Goals

• CircUse Tools

• About project CircUse

• Barracks Uherské Hradiště – a case study

IURS

This project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF

page 3

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Circular Flow Land Use Management

Symptoms

• Since 1950s European urbanized areas increased by 78

%, but population increased only by 33 % Source: www.plurer.net

• Outcome: increased energy demands, reduced sustainability and

increased cost of externalities

• Number of regions are confronted with massive urban sprawl, the

current economic crisis and the effects of the demographic change

and all these are causing unfavorable land use patterns.

• This is neither competitive nor sustainable.

• Dispersed land use patterns with their high demands on

land, soil and energy accelerate the process and the impacts

of climate change

IURS

page 4

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Circular Flow Land Use Management

Evidence - Corine Land Cover 2006

http://www.eea.europa.eu/highlig

hts/land-cover-country-analyses

Land use CR (% of total)

Artifitial areas

(ha/year,% base

1990)

Artificial areas 2006

2006

http://www.eea.europa.eu/highlights/land-cover-country-analyses,

data interpretation pages 1.1,3.8, 3.9

IURS

page 5

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Circular Flow Land Use Management

Causes (CR experience)

• Sustainable land use is reflected in a policy, but goals are missing

• The economy of urbanized land use (volume of brownfields est.) is

seldom monitored and nobody is identifying and evaluating the

inner development potential within urbanized areas

• Increases of build up areas are taken as a synonym for growth

• Land use decision are vested in local politics

• Political and policy support for sustainable land use on a regional

level is rare

• At national level, political support for sustainable land use is low

IURS

page 6

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Circular Flow Land Use Management

CircUse Solution

• Circular land use management represents an integrative

policy and governance approach, which presupposes a

changed land use philosophy with regard to land utilization

and can be expressed with the slogan:

“avoid – recycle – compensate“

• As an excellent model for the urban land recycling can

serve the waste recycling….

IURS

page 7

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Circular Flow Land Use Management

CircUse Process

Source: German Institute of Urban Affairs (Defy 2005).

Reintroduction

c.

Interim Use

Ecological

aspects

Abandonment

b.

Economic aspects

Mix of

instruments

Legal, planning

and economic

instruments

+

Cooperative

governance

approaches

Cessation of use

Planning

Social

aspects

Use

a.

The CircUse process is visualized in

this figure, showing land use as

a cycle with three major phases:

a. Zoning new “Greenfields”

b. Rejection of land not suitable for

subsequent use

c. Activating land potentials

•brownfields, empty buildings

•gaps between buildings and vacant land

•urban renewal and redevelopment sites

•sites undergoing planning

The end and the beginning of each

phase are crucial decision points.

IURS

This project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF

page 8

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Circular Flow Land Use Management

CircUse Goals

• Integrated approaches to land use management and support of

sustainable land uses

• Activation of the inner development potential of already urbanized

land (brownfield reuse, infill development, empty properties reuse,

densification….)

• Broad city/metropolitan/regional cooperation

• Steering of private investments onto already urbanized land

• Cordination of public investments with a perspective of sustainable

land use

• Reduction of newly deregulated land for urbanization and caping

increases in size of build up areas

IURS

page 9

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Circular Flow Land Use Management

CircUse Tools

• Integrated Strategy of Circular flow land use management

• Educational module focused on city and regional stakeholders

• Action plan supporting implementation of the strategy

• Inventory database of land suitable for development

activities (vacant land, brownfields, gaps, greenfield sites est.)

• Circular land use management maps

• Suitable institutional set ups

• Pilot projects

IURS

page 10

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Circular Flow Land Use Management

About project CircUse

• IURS is one of 12 Partners from 6

countries, who are working together

in the project CircUse to face these

problems and develop strategies to

solve them.

• Project duration 3/2010 – 02/2013

• Central Europe Programme, Project

No: 2CE174P4

• Total budget: 2 422 305 Euro

• More on www.circuse.eu

IURS

page 11

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Barracks Uherské Hradiště 1

Circular Flow Land Use Management

IURS

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Circular Flow Land Use Management

Barracks Uherské Hradiště 2

The Site

IURS

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Barracks Uherské Circular Flow Hradiště Land Use Management 3

IURS

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Barracks Uherské Circular Flow Hradiště Land Use Management 6

IURS

TIMETABLE

2000 Last soldier is leaving the army base

2001 Ministerial decision that the barracks are not needed by the army and can be transferred onto the town

2002 Town is becoming the barracks owner, Concept of the barracks regeneration is prepared

Suitable land use for the site approved by the local plan

2003 Project preparation work, First grant application to national finance sources

Canvassing for further public investments to the site (mainly regional)

Commercial investor´s interest in the site

2004 Revision to the barracks regeneration concept

Public tender for a strategic development partner for the commercial zone

Grant application to ERDF for the educational zone , Commencement of housing use regeneration work

Completion of the commercial zone including anew access to site

2005 Funding for the educational zone from the ERDF sources and also from the national budget

Public tenders for construction work on educational zone, First tenants move to “sheltered” housing

Completion of the regional investment for museum and of private investment into a tennis facility

2006 Completion of life education centre and commencement of centre activities

Commencement of a private mixed development investment (commercial/housing)

Public tender for housing construction on north of the site, Completion of the site main infrastructure

2008 Completion of housing

Landscaping and public domain improvements work

2009 Preparation work, application to funding source and tender for Verbířská street revitalization

2010 Revitalization of the Verbířská street

2011 Revitalization of the Green Square, Revitalization of the park „Za plotem“

Completion of the centrum of further education – MARLIN

2012 Construction of a multifunctional block

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Barracks Uherské Circular Flow Land Hradiště Use Management 4

Housing zone

The Plan

Mixed use

zone

Educational

zone

IURS

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Barracks Uherské Circular Flow Hradiště Land Use Management 5

IURS

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Land use

Barracks Uherské Hradiště 7

Circular Flow Land Use Management

Outputs and results

Only cc 15% of from the original 17ha of the barracks area was allocated for commercial activities.

Majority of land use (over 60%) was dedicated to housing. Remaining land was dedicated for the educational activities.

Public investment

By 2012, from all the funds invested into the barracks´ regeneration (16 800 000,00€), the city council

have invested only 7% and managed to attract to the site 7% of investments from the national sources and 28% of

investments from various EU ERDF funding sources.

Private investment

The private investors´ participation on the site development was by 2012 in a region of 58% from the

entire realised investments.

Investment leverage

This accounts to 1 : 14 leverage for the town of Uherské Hradiště – every Euro of town´s investment was

matched 14 times by other investments. The public-private investment leverage on predominantly public uses site is

then respectable 1 : 1,4 – for every Euro of public investment to the site the private investors have invested 1,4 Euro.

Ownership

Cc 72% of buildings located on the site remains in public ownership (region or town) and only 28% of

buildings are privately owned. From the original 17 hectares of land, the town today owns only 15%.

IURS

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Barracks Uherské Circular Flow Hradiště Land Use Management 8

IURS

www.circuse.eu

© Susanne Stromberg


Circular Flow Land Use Management (CircUse)

Thank you for your attention

Questions

jjackson@iurs.cz

IURS

This project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF

www.circuse.eu

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