Cairngorms National Park Skotland Udfordringer og ansvar i det 21 ...

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Cairngorms National Park Skotland Udfordringer og ansvar i det 21 ...

Cairngorms National Park

Skotland

Udfordringer og ansvar i det 21.

århundrede National Park

Duncan Bryden

Chairman Park Planning

Committee


Background challenge

Area

km2

Pop

million

Density

People/km2

NPs

Scotland 79,000 5 65 2

UK 244,000 62 255 15

Denmark 43,000 5.5 129 5


The Cairngorms or Am Mhonaidh

Ruaidh are

• HIGH - Roof of Scotland - 4 of 5 UK’s highest

mountains – 1300m

• ROCKY - Granite core

• COLD – Minus 30 C

• WINDY – 230km/hr

• RARE – 25 % of endangered species


UK National Parks


2000

1800

Size of National Parks in UK

(Miles 2 )

1600

Cairngorms

1400

South Downs

Lake District

Snowdonia

1200

Loch Lomand & Trossachs

Yorkshire Dales

Miles2

1000

Peak District

North York Moors

Brecon Beacons

800

Northumberland

Dartmoor

Exmoor

600

400

200

0

Cairngorms

South Downs

Lake District

Snowdonia

Loch Lomand & Trossachs

Yorkshire Dales

Peak District

North York Moors

Brecon Beacons

1

All national parks

Northumberland

Dartmoor

Exmoor

Pembrook

Coast

New

Forest

Broads

Pembrookshire Coast

New Forest

Borads


PRESSURES

• Competition for the

same resource

• Tension between

private/public and

local/national

• Geographic division

• Sector-specific

thinking


Landownership 75% = 75 owners

Owned by a few – valued by many


2010


Park set up 2003 extended 2010

• 4500 km2

• 17,000 residents

• 1.3m visitors

• £400m turnover

• Access for all


The National Park Aims

1. To conserve and enhance the natural and

cultural heritage of the area;

2. To promote sustainable use of the natural

resources of the area;

3. To promote understanding and enjoyment of

the special qualities of the area by the

public;

4. To promote sustainable economic and social

development of the area’s communities


CNPA ≠ National Park

CNPA organisational purpose is:

“ …. to ensure the four National Park aims are

collectively achieved in a coordinated way”

Greater weight to be given to conservation aim if

aims are in conflict


250

Staff numbers in NP Authorities (FTE)

200

S

T

A

F

F

I

N

150

South Downs 52

Cairngorms 57

New Forrest 70

Northumberland 71

Exmoor 96

Dartmoor 105

LL & T 113

G

Broads115

Yorkshire Dales 120

L

E

V

E

L

S

100

50

0

South Downs

Cairngorms

New Forest

Northumberland

Exmoor

All National Parks in the UK

Dartmoor

Loch Lomand & Trossachs

Broads

1

Yorkshire Dales

Pembrookshire Coast

Brecon Beacons

North Yorkshire Moors

Snowdonia

Lake District

Peak District

Pembrookshire Coast 122

Brecon Beacons 130

North York Moors 145

Snowdonia 159

Lake District 200

Peak District 238


Strategies, Plans and Policies, Guidance

3 THEMES

• Enjoying and

understanding

• Conserving and

improving

• Living and working

• No Land

• No Buildings

• No Visitor centres

• No Rangers


National Park Responsibilities - 1

National Park

Authority Board

Staff

Advisory Forums


National Park responsibilities – 2


National Park Managers - 3


Different views

Challenges or opportunities


WORK PACKAGES FOR SOLUTIONS

FOR THE ECONOMY

FOR PEOPLE

• Business partnership

• Community support

• Brand

• Planning

• Tourism

• Access

• Food and drink

• Inclusive Cairngorms

FOR NATURE

• Farmers forum

• Biodiversity

• Research knowledge

• Catchments

• IT & Broadband

• Deer

• Training


In my back yard

Community support


This is your chance to influence how

the Cairngorms National Park will

be managed over the next five years.

Consultation

19 Sept - 09 Dec 2011


The Planning process:

National Park Partnership Plan

• Local Development Plan: CNPA

• Development Management: Shared

responsibility

• Enforcement: Shared responsibility


Planning challenges and responsibilities

• Balancing environment and development

• High house prices

• Loss of young people

• Loss of local services

• Rising energy prices

• Political agendas

• Statutory duty to provide houses


Aviemore Highland Resort

£80 million redevelopment


Good design – building vibrant places

in the Park


Renewable energy and

Climate Change


Cairngorms Biodiversity Partnership


Cairngorm Brand

• Brand identity to

promote strong

sense of place

• Promote quality and

environmental

sustainability

• Competitive

advantage


Sustainable Tourism Strategy

Opportunity + responsibility

Strategic Objectives:

• Tourism growth

• Special qualities

• Geographical diversity

• Customer focus

• Environment and

conservation

• Leadership and

partnership

• Europarc charter


Supporting Visitor Services


Stories from the Cairngorms


Cairngorm Business Partnership

• Destination

• 250 members

• Promotion

• Development

• Advocacy


Access Rights

Based on 3 principles – for

users and land managers

1.Respect rights of others

2.Care for the environment

3.Take responsibility for

your own actions


Access Responsibilities

• Access – benefits to health, the environment,

the economy, communities and landowners

Cairngorms Outdoor Access Trust

Cairngorms Access Forum

• 2 Access staff

• Core path plan

• Upholding Outdoor Access Code


Eat Well and

Prosper


Next generation and Cairngorms

National Park


In summary

• Scottish National Parks are complex places!

• Long term - 5 and 30 year outcomes. We see

National Parks as an opportunity for

– Nature and people to thrive together

– Joined up public service delivery

– Sustainable development and innovation

– Showcase for best practice in rural Scotland

– Delivering for all the people of Scotland


Tak for

opmærksomheden!

Eventuelle

spørgsmål

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