Dark-Side-of-Dairy-report-2014

vivacampaigns

Dark-Side-of-Dairy-report-2014

A

report

Contents

Executive Summary...............................................4

Viva! Dairy Investigations and Resources...............5

The Dairy Industry in Britain ..................................7

Size and Numbers ...........................................7

Promotion .......................................................7

Targeting Children...........................................8

More Subsidies................................................8

The Natural Life of Cattle......................................9

Family History..................................................9

Natural Behaviour............................................9

Birth...........................................................9

Growing Up ...............................................9

Eating Behaviour and Nutrition...................10

Senses........................................................10

The Life of a Modern Dairy Cow...........................11

Milk Production: Due to Pregnancy..................11

Fate of the Calves............................................11

Simultaneous Lactation and Pregnancy –

A Huge Physical Burden...................................12

Housing...........................................................13

Indoor Diet......................................................13

Slaughter.........................................................13

Sex and the Single Cow........................................14

Artificial Insemination......................................14

Embryo Transfer ..............................................14

Embryo Collection ......................................14

Ovum Pick-up.............................................15

Ultrasound Scanning .......................................15

Calving............................................................15

Calves – Unwanted By-products ...........................16

Female Calves .................................................16

Male Calves.....................................................17

The Veal Industry.............................................18

UK Veal Production ....................................18

Continental Veal Production .......................19

Calf Transport.............................................19

Mutilations......................................................21

Disbudding.................................................21

Castration ..................................................21

Supernumerary Teats..................................21

Suffering in Silence...............................................22

Metabolic Disorders.........................................22

Hunger.......................................................22

Ketosis and Fatty Liver Syndrome................23

Milk Fever ..................................................23

Grass Staggers ...........................................23

High Protein Concentrates..........................23

Lameness ........................................................23

Sole Lesions................................................24

Digital Dermatitis........................................24

Laminitis.....................................................24

Cubicle Housing .........................................25

Mastitis ...........................................................25

Pus.............................................................26

Antibiotics..................................................26

Infertility..........................................................27

Stray Electrical Current ....................................27

Markets...........................................................28

Intensification and Zero-grazing............................29

The Situation in the UK ...................................29

Zero-grazing....................................................29

Why it is Done.................................................29

Effect on the Environment ...............................30

Justifications....................................................30

TB and Dairy: Badgers Suffer Too ..........................30

Not Just Cows ......................................................31

Farm Assurance Schemes......................................33

Soil Association Organic Standards ..................33

RSPCA Freedom Foods ....................................33

Red Tractor farm Assurance ............................34

What’s next ........................................................34

Acknowledgements..............................................35

References............................................................36

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