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PDF: 1832 KB - Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional ...

Figure 5.1 Principal parameters in congestion charging schemes................ 102

Figure 5.2 Toll level maximisation........................................................................ 110

Figure A1 Economically optimal congestion charging.................................... 124

Figure A2

Impact of congestion charging on private generalised

costs, by value of time......................................................................... 126

Figure B1 Components of Australian congestion cost estimates.................. 128

Figure B2

Figure B3

Figure B4

Annual congestion cost estimates for all Australian

capital cities: total based on travel time vs. social cost................. 133

Impact of growth rate assumptions on congestion cost

estimates: Australian capital cities 2020............................................ 135

Morning peak actual travel speed in major Australian

capital cities (1998–99 to 2004–05)...................................................... 138

Figure B5 Road traffic, passenger kilometres and GDP: 1980 to 2006,

Great Britain.......................................................................................... 138

Figure C1

Figure C2

Growing interest in vehicle identification from several road

transport perspectives......................................................................... 142

Expected penetration of active RFID into different

application sectors over the next ten years..................................... 144

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