PDF: 1832 KB - Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional ...


PDF: 1832 KB - Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional ...

Executive summary

to cordon charging, using a double (inner and outer city) cordon and ‘tidal’ charges

(applying to inbound traffic during the morning peak and to outbound traffic during

the afternoon peak).

This example illustrates one way in which scheme implementation is very locationspecific,

both within a city and between cities. Zonal charging schemes work best

in city centres, where viable alternatives to private passenger vehicles are strongest.

But in Australian cities, those public transport alternatives are relatively weaker, even

in city centres. The nature of the city and urban form makes it extremely costly for

alternative modes to play a significantly larger role. Without those viable alternatives,

the key to successful congestion charging—behavioural change—would be lacking.

The technology and practicalities for facility charging—as applied in North America—

are relatively better, though political realities will probably mean that such charges

would only be applied to new or significantly upgraded roads.

In general, however, the merits of congestion schemes, whether applied as facility

charging or zonal charging, are location-specific. Thus, policy makers should not

draw inferences about the merits of applying congestion charging in a given city

from the performance of a similar scheme in another city or road link. This policy

instrument has a number of virtues that could assist in decongesting our networks

but there are considerable hurdles that need to be overcome for its practical and

successful application in Australia.


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