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Chapter 1 | Introduction

schemes including those of Stockholm, Rome, Dubai and Valletta, has significantly

lifted the profile of congestion charging for roads. Numerous urban areas and roads

are currently being considered as candidates for congestion charging. This report

explores the underlying themes of both current and prospective systems.

While the principles of congestion charging remain unchanged, the scheme

developments outlined in this report should be viewed as a ‘snapshot in time’.

Chapter 2 reviews the prevailing strategies used to manage urban road networks and

road use. Chapter 3 provides an overview of the rationale for congestion charges and

some of the major implementation issues. Chapter 4 discusses the issues associated with

community acceptance of congestion charging, and road user charges more generally.

Chapter 5 presents the principles involved in determining the level and structure of

congestion charges to meet the various, often conflicting, scheme objectives. Lastly,

Chapter 6 draws all of the learnings from the foregoing material together into some

policy lessons for (Australian) authorities evaluating congestion charging.

The report includes three appendices. Appendices A and B cover the economics of

congestion charging and practical issues associated with measurement of the travel

time savings arising from congestion charging. Appendix C provides a brief outline of

various technologies either currently in use or applicable for congestion charging.

Figure 1.1 Location of congestion charging zone within Greater London

Note:

Greater London area consists of London boroughs; congestion charging area (including the Western

Extension) is shown in red colouring, river Thames in black.

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