SEPTEMBER 2011 – 3rd ISSUE
World News – New PV Technology for World’s Largest CSP Plant
in Mojave ................................................................................................ 2
Energy Agencies – United Sustainable Energy Agency (USEA) ....................... 4
Policy – UK Feed-in Tariff scheme ................................................................. 4
Partner search – Local-government of Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg county
from Hungary .......................................................................................... 7
Innovation companies – Lavina Foundation, Hungary.................................... 10
New PV Technology for World’s Largest CSP Plant in
Source: Clean Technica
Solar Millennium will now use PV at its CSP plant.
With the price of solar panels dropping significantly over the last five years, Germany’s Solar
Millennium AG reports it will convert the first 500 megawatts of its 1 000 MW Blythe solar
power plant in the Mojave desert from concentrated solar power/solar
thermal system to PV.
Photograph: Solar Millennium AG
It will decide what technology to use for the second half of the
project at a later date. The company has not named who the PV
panel supplier will be for the project.
“Solar Millennium responds quickly and pragmatically to market
conditions, and at the moment the California market favors PV
technology,” said Solar Millennium CEO Christophe Wolff said in a
“the price of
the last five
This announcement represents the latest in a number of similar conversions this year by solar
thermal power plant developers in California. This year at least four projects, producing some
1 850 MW of power generation, have changed most or all of their technology to PV.
PV systems turn sunlight into electricity, while concentrated solar power (CSP) uses heat to
create steam that then powers a generator to create electricity.
Since California mandated that the state’s utilities must obtain 20 percent of their power from
renewable sources, the price of PV panels have fallen by almost 50 percent. This has been
followed by dramatic growth in solar and wind projects.
“to finance the project
in the commercial
bank market rather
than through loan
guarantees from the
U.S. Department of
Solar Millennium officials in the United States said the switch to PV
will allow its projects to become operational in smaller phases
compared to the larger scale required by CSP technology.
Because of the switch to a more widespread PV technology, the
company plans to finance the project in the commercial bank
market rather than through loan guarantees from the U.S.
Department of Energy. The loan guarantee program was
developed to fund new technologies that have had trouble securing
financing from traditional lenders.
Solar Millennium said it still sees strong demand for concentrated solar power, also referred to
as solar thermal power, in markets such as Africa, the Middle East, India, China and Southern
Solar Trust of America, a joint venture between Solar Millennium and Ferrostaal AG, is
developing the Blythe power plant.
DID YOU KNOW
CSP systems use mirrors
or lenses to concentrate
a large area of sunlight,
or solar thermal energy,
onto a small area
Professor Giovanni Francia
(1911–1980) designed and
built the first solar
concentrated plant which
entered in operation in
Sant'Ilario, near Genoa,
Italy in 1968. (Wikipedia)
USEA and the new Feed-in Tariff scheme in the UK
United Sustainable Energy Agency
USEA was founded in 1998 under the EU
SAVE Programme. Originally set up my
Milton Keynes Council, the Agency has since
gone on to merge with two other agencies
and operates across the South East of
England. It employs 24 staff and runs a number of initiatives aimed at helping individuals and
organisations reduce their carbon emissions.
One of USEA’s core competences is to work with the supply chain, such as insulation installers
and bring in local government support for projects which creates
confidence and trust with consumers. USEA has operated projects
to help transform the marketplace involving
“the urban planning
system collects a fee
heating boilers and insulation. The focus is
from developers, if
renewable energy measures.
USEA has also been successful at securing
not carbon neutral”
government funding for projects. One such
example is the
Milton Keynes Carbon Offset fund where the urban planning
system collects a fee from developers, if any new
developments are not
carbon neutral. The fund is used to pay for other carbon reducing measures on the existing
building stock to offset the amount generated by the new development.
UK Feed-in Tariff scheme
In order to support the EU’s 20:20:20 vision, the UK has committed to
delivering 15% of its energy consumption from renewable sources by
Feed-in Tariffs (FITs) were introduced on the 1st April 2010 and are the UK government's
support scheme for small scale electricity generating technologies, such as photovoltaic (PV)
and wind turbines.
Owners of eligible systems:
receive a fixed payment
for every unit of
regardless of how it is
used (generation tariff).
This changes depending
upon technology and
receive an additional
3.1p for every unit of
electricity exported to
the national grid
benefit from avoided
electricity costs where
generated is used
The generation tariff is expected to reduce each financial year for new entrants to the scheme,
reflecting anticipated cost reductions in the technologies, however, once a system is registered
to receive FITs it will continue on the same tariff for 20 years, or 25 years in the case of PV. All
generation and export tariffs are linked to the Retail Price Index (RPI) meaning tariffs will rise
with inflation, ensuring their value does not decrease over time.
The UK’s Energy Act (2004) defines microgeneration as the generation of electricity up to 50kW
(and 45kW for heat). For micro-electricity generating systems to qualify for Feed-in Tariff
payments both the technology and the company installing the system must be MCS
(Microgeneration Certification Scheme) certificated. MCS is the UK’s certification scheme for
microgeneration ensuring the technologies and installations are of a high standard.
The current generation tariffs for micro PV are:
Tariff levels for new
1/4/2011 - 31/3/2012
≤4kW (retrofit*) 43.3p/kWh
≤4kW (new build**) 37.8p/kWh
>4 – 10kW 37.8p/kWh
>10 – 50kW 32.9p/kWh
* "retrofit" means installed on a building which is already occupied
** "new build" means installed on a new building before first occupation
FITs are paid by energy suppliers. Ofgem, the for the UK energy industry, charges energy
companies a levy, which is subsequently passed on to energy consumers, and FITs payments are
made from this.
Since its inception in 2010, the scheme has supported over 40 720 installations with a total
installed capacity of 146MW. Around 98% of these installations have been
installed on domestic properties. There is still a long way to go if the
UK wants to meet is target of 15% renewable energy by 2020 but
this is certainly a step in the right direction.
companies a levy,
passed on to energy
DID YOU KNOW
FITs typically include three key
• guaranteed grid access
• long-term contracts for the
• purchase prices based on the
cost of generation
As of 2011, feed-in
tariff policies have
been enacted in over
50 countries in the
The first form of feedin
implemented in the
US in 1978 under
Carter, who signed
the National Energy
Source: Wikipedia – Feed-in tariff
Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County – Hungary
The local-government of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County is
committed to the new and renewable energy resources
• Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County in brief
Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County (NUTS Level 3) is
located in the north-east part of the country,
along the Ukrainian and Romanian border with a
population of about 560 000. There are 12 microregions
(NUTS Level 4) in the county with its 229
settlements taking up 59% of the region’s all
settlements. Near the Ukrainian and Romanian
border several small settlements can be found having numerous adverse effects on the county
and the rural area is characteristic (small villages, farms), (at the half of the micro-regions) not
allowing the development of the area to be founded on the city's knowledge, economic strength
and attractiveness. As a benefit of the circumstances mentioned above, half of the region
Migration, high unemployment
rate, breaking of local
businesses and local
governments with lack of
resources is typical. On the
contrary Nyíregyháza shows an
Considerable areas were taken
out of cultivation that could be
appropriate for alternative
utilization and supports could be
available for deployment of
arboreal or herbaceous plants.
are optimal for
- 1950-2050 hours
- 9-10,5 °C
- 550-600 mm
In Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County the weather conditions are optimal
for agriculture, the annual sunshine days are between 1950-2050
hours, the annual average temperature is 9-10,5 °C, and the
annual precipitation is 550-600 mm. The county's agriculture
contributes 9,4% of the country's agricultural GDP.
In the past 10 years, the county’s modern industry has started to
flourish. In the trading export 72% goes towards the EU member
states, which shows that shifting from Eastern to Western markets
The transport infrastructure is well developed in the county, the railway network structure is
central (the centre is Nyíregyháza – the chief of the county), and the public road network is
• The local-government of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County
The main functions of the local-government of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County are to prepare
the administrative cases for decision and implementation. It employs 53 people.
Their scope of activities are to help, organize and co-ordinate of the work of the general
meeting, the office holders; and to prepare, achieve or follow up the cases lying within the
president or the town clerk, as well as to operate the local-government institutions.
The local-government of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County is committed for their buildings
corresponds the energy requirements. In order to achieve this requirement we apply projects.
The goal of the KEOP project –complex energy modernization of the County Hall –is to increase
the energy efficiency in terms of energy used for heating and lighting.
The County Hall baroque decoration building with an eclectic style was built in 1891-92 based
on the plans of Alpár Ignác. The building is registered as an ancient monument by the National
Office of Cultural Heritage. The increase of energy efficiency contributes
to the expansion of safe energy supply. Our distinct aim is to revise
and improve the thermal technique conditions of the building as
the building currently is very inefficient in terms of energy use.
For more information please
contact the ENEREA office:
Name: Valeria Szabo
“The County Hall is
registered as an
monument by the
National Office of
• Energy commitment of the Local-government of Szabolcs-Szatmár-
One of the main
responsibilities of the
County is to maintain
the institutions, besides
the maintenance of the
conditions of economic,
financial and technical
operation. This function
includes the provision of
supporting the energy
The County Hall – Nyíregyháza
Strategic goals include:
energy efficiency, rational use of energy resources,
promotion of the application of new and renewable energy sources
supporting energy diversification
promotion of utilization of the new and renewable energy resources related to the
Northern Great Plain Region
Our mission is to facilitate the implementation of energy projects that are supported both
technically and financially.
As one of the co-owners of the ENEREA Észak-Alföld Regional Energy Agency
the Agency's activities in the international area, we recognize the importance of
adapting good international practices and experience. We could reduce our
energy consumption with the help of the above mentioned.
We are open to adopt the new and good examples, and would like to expand our international
relations with the help of a large team of experts at our disposal.
We would like to be one of the leaders among 19 counties who take part as a partner in
international projects and participate in R&D programs in order to implement a model program
setting an example for other councils.
LAVINA FOUNDATION – Hungary
Lavina Foundation is a non-profit applied research organization in Hungary with
several business area specified working fields. The Researching Department of
Biotechnology (BIO) and Engineering Solutions (ENSO) has had a long lasting
cooperation with the academic and business sphere.
We have fruitable connection with other Hungarian researching Institutes and
innovative cluster organisations as well. We could free entrance some new and modern
laboratories, where we could solve high level biological, technological and logistical problems.
LAVINA FOUNDATION LOGO
BIO is the centre of Hungarian applied research in the subject of bioremediation including in
situ processes, aerob and anaerobic techniques and using of inorganic additives.
ENSO’s workers have become a leading regional actor in the area of sensor development, and
specially controlling and measuring techniques.
Moreover, the network of the Foundation make a central role as a technological background
for Hungarian and regional SMS.
The Foundation's background makes possible financing of larger projects and has the proper
human resources and equipments for the project implementation.
Adapting the practical requirements, the Foundation take a significant role in the field of
remediation techniques based on biotechnology developments cooperating with the main
stakeholders and SMS’s. Several significant projects are running – handled by our researchers –
at the same time in the fields of remediation, its monitoring, controlling, biosensor research and
expert decision supporting systems.
“Foundation is interested
in participation in
projects under EU
and in other
in algae technology”
Foundation is interested in participation in projects under EU
Research programmes and in other international projects involving
developments in algae technology.
According to the broadcasts, algae technology has an important
role in the technology of the near future– much depends on the
investors, the economics, the biologists and on the engineers.
The independency from energy import, and the utilization of the
by-products produced in various agriculture and industrial activities
makes such challenges for developers, which extends beyond borders.
The goal to develop a pilot level, algae biomass production system (and its energetic nature
processing) which is capable of producing green energy and the source material is agriculture
and industrial by-products.
The conditions of the industrial production of the green algae are (which are the main
• Appropriate breeding technology
algae extraction technique
ferment liquid recycling.
• The optimal composition of the nutrients needed in the algae production
ensure the CO 2 source (flue gas)
appropriate temperature (waste heat, geothermal)
Minerals (N, P, K) (wastewater etc.)
• Algae based product development
Product aimed algae isolation
Product development optimized to algal strains and algae breeding methods.
The expected results of the project:
• The technology of algae production in Central Europe.
4400 Nyíregyháza, Sóstói str.
31/B, building ’A’., III/345.