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EPRI

Ministry of Scientific Research

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute

EPRI 2012


No doubt that scientific research becomes as essential as water and air.

Besides, petroleum and its industries are the fundamental pillars for

developed countries and their sole way to the welfare of their nations. In this

context, we, at EPRI, adopt the motto of developing petroleum industries in

the framework of scientific research. This policy pushes forward the wheels of

development and boosts the progress of our beloved country, Egypt,

benefitting from the energies of our distinguished sons.

Yet, there are obstacles hindering the achievement of our desired aim.

These, we face with our strong belief in our abilities and our practical and

scientific problem solutions to pass this dilemma.

With our deep thought and continual work, we draw some board lines

to seek this aim, included but not limited to:

Nurturing the financial support, for the scientific associations -

fostering R+D+C programs.

Exploitation of scientific researches, to serve the whole society.

Establishment of a strong scientific database, adopting strategies- to

develop the infrastructure of R&D associations.

God is the Arbiter of success.


EPRI

Egyptian Petroleum

Research Institute

IS A GOVERNMETNAL

RESEARCH INSTITUTE.

INNOVATION, DEVELOPMENT

AND PRODUCTION.

01 EPRI at a glance

02 EPRI Board

03 EPRI Strategic Plan

08 From Lab to Industry

12 Our Commitment to the future

18 Dreams come true

26 EPRI 4 Ps

62 Top 5 (High Impact Factor)

68 Scientific citation

70 International Agreements

72 Conferences

78 Products

80 Certificates

EPRI Annual Report 2012 0


Staff: 845 including (researchers,

engineers, technicians and

administrators)

Other workforces in the field

of human resources: temp.

employees:124 personnel and

contractors: 154 personnel

(25 ) doctoral & (29 ) post-doctoral

researchers in2012

Biofuels, chemistry and technology of oil and gas, petrochemicals

applications, refining and processing, process development,

reservoir engineering, pipeline transportation and storage of oil &

gas, sedimentation and petroleum exploration, analysis and

testing and catalysis

EPRI Annual Report 2012 1


THE BOARD

OF DIRECTORS (1)

Prof. Ahmed M. Al-Sabagh

Director of EPRI, Chairman of EPRI Services Centers,

Editor -in-Chief of The Egyptian Journal of Petroleum .

Eng. Osama M.Kamal

Minister of Petroleum & Mineral Resources –

Chairman of The Egyptian General Petroleum

Corporation (E.G.P.C.)

Chairman of EPRI Board of Directors

Chemist . Mahmoud N. A. Nageeb

First Undersecretary of Petroleum Ministry

Eng. Mohamed H. Saafan

Chairman of Echem

Eng. Abd EL-Nasser Salah EL-Din

Chairman of Enppi

Eng.Hussin Ismael

Vice chairman of technical affairs and technology in

Enppi

Prof / Nadya Zakhary

Minister of Scientific Research Ministry

(Invited)

Prof / Maged M.Al-Sherbeeny

Head of the Academy of Scientific Research &

Technology.

Prof. Yasser M.M. Moustafa

Deputy Director of EPRI

Head of central analytical lab.

Prof. Mahmoud Ibrahim Abdo

Head of Production Department, EPRI, Head of Oil

Field Development Technology Center.

Prof. Salah Shebl S. Azzam

Head of Exploration Dep., EPRI

Prof. Mohamed Farouk Ezat

Professor at Petroleum Applications Dept.,Head of

Asphalt and Polymers center.

Prof. Mohamed A. Al-sukkary

Professor at Petrochemicals Dept., EPRI, Member of

the Editorial Board of the Egyptian Journal of

Petroleum, EPRI

Prof. Salah Al-Din A.Khalil

Head of the Chemicals Services and Development

Center, EPRI, Professor at Process Design &

Development Dept., Member of the Editorial Board

of The Egyptian Journal of Petroleum

Prof. Saad El Din M. Desouky

Professor at Production Dep. ,EPRI, Head of PVT

Services Center, Professor of Petroleum Chemistry

EPRI Annual Report 2012 2


a) Providing infrastructure for EPRI labs.

b) Supplying the workforce with needed equipment for

production.

c) Insuring youth minds against intellectual suppression

seeking for their creativity.

i.e.(cooperation with IFP)

a) Establishment of applied geophysics research unit.

b) Synthesis of diesel from plastic wastes.

c) Production &storage of hydrogen.

d) Nano-technology applications in petroleum sector.

e) Production of Biofuels from algae.

f) Production of highly porous materials for catalysis.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 3


Coherence of Strategic

Business Field Planning and

Technological Supporting

Needs of Industrial Sectors

Science and Technology

Competence

Success of Problem

Solution Economically

Profit Situations

Human Resources and

Scientific-Technical

Equipment

EPRI Annual Report 2012 4


Exploration

• Sedimentology

• Paleontology

• Geophysics

Production

• Improved Oil

Recovery

• Drilling Fluids

• Mechanical Tests

Evaluation &

Analysis

• Chromatography

Petroleum testing

• Spectroscopy

Petrochemicals

• Polymers

laboratory

• Surfactant

• Petrochemical

Technology

Petroleum

Applications

• Additives

• Special

Applications

• Asphalt

Refining

• Physical Refining

• Chemical

Refining

• Geophysics

Process

Development

• Process & Reactor

• Engineering

• Energy

• Special Process

Biotechnological

Application

EPRI Annual Report 2012 5


ASPHALT

&POLYMERS

SERVICES

CENTER

CHEMICALS

SERVICES AND

DEVELOPMENT

CENTER

EPRI-CORE

ANALYSIS

LAB

CENTRAL

ANALYTICAL

LAB

EPRI Services

Centers

PVT

SERVICES

CENTER

(PVT LAB)

OIL FIELD

DEVELOPMENT

TECHNOLOGY

CENTER

TANKS

SERVICES

CENTER

SURFACES

PROTECTION

CENTER

EPRI Annual Report 2012 6


Information

Instrument

,Researches

&Development

R & D

Distingushed

Research

Industry

Self Finance

Scientific Research

&Project

Applied

Technology

Patent

EPRI Annual Report 2012 7


EPRI Annual Report 2012 8


Using local White Sand

for producing Sodium

Silicates with International

specifications in many

industries, especially Petroleum

Industries. It will be the

main component in many

products, the products will

be used instead of many

imported ones. A reaction at

very high temperature

between sodium carbonate

and silicon dioxide in

especial conditions forms

our compound. Sodium

silicate is the common name

for a compound sodium

meta-silicate; Na 2 SiO 3 .It is

available in aqueous

solution and in solid form

and is used in cements,

passive fire protection, and

refractory and for many new

uses.

Dr. Gamal Ibrahim

Dr.Ahmed Salama Mousa

Dr.Tarek Yossif Mmoursy

EPRI Annual Report 2012 9


In 1991, Iijama’s discovery of

microtubules of graphitic carbon and

the subsequent discovery of singlewalled

carbon na-notubes (CNTs) in

1993 has led to intensive worldwide

experimental and theoretical efforts

devoted to the inves-tigation of their

generation and applications. CNTs

possess unique mechanical, electrical,

thermal, optical and kinetic properties.

Since the discovery of carbon

nanotubes (CNTs), numerous ideas

for applications have arose in a wide

variety of scientific disciplines,

including (1) electronics (wires,

transistors, switches, intercom-nects,

memory storage devices); (2) optoelectronics

(light-emitting diodes,

lasers); (3) s ensors; (4)

field emission devices (displays,

scanning and electron

probes/microscopes); (5) batteries/fuel

cells; (6) fibers, reinforced composites;

(7) medicine/biology (fluores-cent

markers for cancer treatment,

biological labels, drug delivery

carriers); (8) catalysis; and (9) gas

storage

Multi-Walled Carbon nanotubes

(MWCNTs) Produced in Egyptian

Petroleum Research (EPRI-

Nanotech.)

Principal Investigator

Dr. Ahmed El-Sayed Awadallah

Prof.Dr.Soher Mohamed Abdel-Hamid

Moustafa Ahmed

Dr. Doaa Samir AlDesouky

Dr. Attia Abdel Fattah Mohamed

Dr.Hussein Abdel-Mawgoud

EPRI Annual Report 2012 10


Prof. Dr. Magdy Motawie

Professor of Polymer Chemistry

This project involves the study of the

process of transforming plastic waste

into fuel as an alternative to

traditional petroleum fuels such as

kerosene or Gasoline. This can

happen through thermal pyrolysis

process of the plastic.

The Pyrolysis is a process that uses

high – temperatures to break polymer

structures into smaller hydrocarbon

molecules in an oxygen free

atmosphere.

Advantages of pyrolysis process can

be summarized in :

1- Low energy consumption.

2- The process can handle plastic

wastes, which cannot be efficiently

recycled by other recycling process.

3- Operates at low pressure without

the need of air.

4- The HCL gas produced can be

recovered and utilized.

5- Generate no pollutants since it is

conducted in a closed system.

This process needs only plastic,

temperature, and catalyst to

produced oil, gas, and solid.

The product yield from different type

of plastics may be reached to around

80 % oil / wax, balance gas.

The decomposition process was

modified to suit all types of plastic

waste, as well as rubber tires used.

The development of manufacturing

machine to convert waste plastic into

an alternative fuel for conventional

petroleum fuels. Here we focus on

plastic wastes which recycled

randomly and resulting harmful

products to public health, or disposed

of plastic wastes by burning, causing

significant risks to health and

massive pollution of the environment

around us.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 11


EPRI Annual Report 2012 12


1- Research Proposal

2- It is fact that all fossil sources of energy are

depletable. Crude oil and oil products have been

the most widely used energy sources for a long

period. Hence it is of concern to look for

substitute sources of energy for petroleum

products.

In many parts of the world, vegetable oils have

been considered as viable substitutes for

petroleum products, more specifically diesel

fuels.

As an example ,diesel fuel consumption in Egypt

far exceeds its local production ,hence it is

worthwhile to consider the feasibility of

developing plant oil substitutes for petroleum

products, specially diesel fuel.

The main objective of this project is to

produce biodiesel from jatropha oil on a semi

pilot scale and studying all parameters affecting

this process .

A techno-economic study will be performed to

evaluate the process profitability.

3- Project Duration

One year after completion of purchasing the

production unit and all chemicals and facilities .

The production on commercial scale will start

after the project ends.

4- Plan of project

1- Testing and characterization of non-edible oil.

2- Study of the main factors affecting biodiesel

transesterification process such as :-

a-Molar ratio of glycerides to alcohol .

c-Reaction temperature and time .

d- contents of free fatty acids and water

3- Determination of the best operation

conditions .

4- Steps for biodiesel production at the best

operation conditions :-

-Heating and filtering the non-edible oil

- Mixing catalyst and methanol.

Based on an invitation from the Central

Petroleum Laboratories (CPL) in Sudan , a

delegate of Dr. Ahmed Al-Sabagh (Director of

EPRI) , Dr. Salah Khalil (Director of Chemicals

Center) and Dr. Saad Al-Desouky (Director of

PVT Center) visited Sudan to investigate the

possibility of cooperation between the "African

Technology City" in Sudan and EPRI in Egypt in

the field of biodiesel production from Sudanese

Jatrova oil. Hopefully, this cooperation will

commence in the current year 2013.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 13


Crude oils contain substantial amounts of wax materials. Wax

constituents tend to separate from the crude oil and start to crystallize

causing several problems during production, storage and transportation.

Under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Ahmed Al-Sabagh , the research

team of the Chemicals Services and Development Center (CSDC)

succeeded to develop a new version of pour point depressant named

"PPD - EPRI 25 J" to overcome these problems. The new product has

the privilege of being in the liquid form at moderate ambient

temperature, and at the same time having high efficiency. This great

success has been achieved as a result of hard work and continuous

research of the PPD research group headed by Dr. Abdullatif

Abdullrahman and consisting of Dr. Mohamed Elshafee , Dr. Mohamed

Mahmoud , Chemist Sameh Abdullah , Eng. Mahmoud Rushdy and

Tech. Abdulhannan as group members. This work has been

significantly supported by Prof. Dr. Salah Khalil the director of CSDC.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 14


In the next few decades, the global

demand for transport fuel is expected to grow

significantly by up to 55% by 2030 compared

to 2004. Continued use of petroleum sourced

fuels is now widely recognized as

unsustainable, because of depleting supplies

and the contribution of these fuels to the

accumulation of carbon dioxide in the

environment. Renewable, carbon neutral,

transport fuels are necessary for

environmental and economic sustainability.

While algae biodiesel has the same

characteristics as conventional fuel, the

production process can be also used to

capture CO 2 from power stations and other

industrial plants.

Microalgae are photosynthetic

microorganisms that convert sunlight, water

and carbon dioxide to algal biomass. Many

microalgae are exceedingly rich in oil, which

can be converted to biodiesel using existing

technology. Oil content in microalgae can

exceed 80% by weight of dry biomass. Algal

oil is extracted from harvested and dried

algae using classical solvents like hexane.

Typical production of biodiesel through a

transesterification process involves mixing

the feedstock with methanol or another

alcohol and usually involves the use of a

catalyst.

Following are algae major advantages:

Non-potable water can be used, aiding in

wastewater treatment and utilizing nonproductive

areas.

6. Production of economically

valuable Chemicals.

The Project Objective

The project aims to develop a technically

feasible process for the production of

biodiesel from algae that can be

demonstrated on a semi industrial scale with

the purpose of CO 2 sequestration in power

plants and industrial sites and the evaluation

of its economic feasibility.

Prof. DR. Seham A.El-Temtamy

Principal investigator

Prof. Dr. Tahani S. Gendy

Member

Prof. Dr. Mohmed Salama

Member

Prof. Dr. Laila Farahat

Vice Principal Investigator

Assc. Prof.Dr. Nour Shafik El-Gendy

Member

Research assistant Samy Bayyomi Esmail

Member

Basem Salah

Member

1. Renewable energy source.

2. Potential for reduction of emissions from

power plants.

3. Much higher productivity than traditional

fast-growing energy crops.

4. Less area required than traditionalcrops

when grown in photobioreactors.

5. Production in photobio-reactors prevents

potential degradation of soil and

groundwater.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 15


Egypt is facing a high population growth

rate, which demands an increase in agricultural

production efficiency. At present it is more urgent

with higher food prices. Consequently,

agricultural field residues such as straw and

bagasse will increase in the future. At present,

these waste streams are not economically reused

and create even larger problems for air and

surface water pollution. Therefore having a

negative effect on people and planet.

Ethanol is nowadays an important product in

the fuel market. Its market grew from less than a

billion liters in 1975 to more than 39 billion liters

in 2006 and is expected to reach 100 billion liters

in 2015. Less than 4% of the ethanol is produced

synthetically from oil, while the rest is produced

by fermentation from bioresources (lignocellulosic

agricultural wastes).

Driving Forces

The chemical process industry will be able to

replace a portion of petroleum-derived chemicals

with lingo-cellulosic agricultural wastes-derived

chemicals.

Attenuate global warming by reducing fossilfuel

CO 2 emissions.

Stimulate rural employment through creation

of local capacity to convert lingo-cellulosic

agricultural wastes into added-value biorefinery

products.

Furnish an alternative renewable source of

energy in the Egyptian market

Objectives

The goal of this project is to design

economically viable and environ-mentally sound

innovative process for transforming several

million tons of lingo-cellulosic agricultural wastes

in Egypt, that are produced each year; including

lignin, hemi-cellulose and cellulose into

chemicals and ethanol. Thereby reduce the

environmental impact of field burning, which is

the current disposal method for rice straw and

most of agricultural wastes.

The Work Team:

Principal Investigator

Ass. Prof Dr. Nour Sh. El-Gendy

Vice Principal Investigator

Prof. Dr. Laila Farahat

Members

Res. Ass. Hekmat Abdel-Hallim

Mohamed Houssni

Basma Ali

Consultant

Prof. Dr. Seham A. El-Temtamy

Overall process scheme for

ethanol production from

lignocellulosic materials

EPRI Annual Report 2012 16


Heavy oil reserve in Egypt is about 3 billion

barrel. The recovered oil till now is about 2-3 %

by volume of the reserve.

With the increasing demands of energy

resources and the serious shortage of

conventional hydro-carbon resources, heavy oil,

a kind of unconventional hydrocarbon resource

with great potential, has attracted worldwide

interest. However, its high viscosity and

solidification often cause difficulties in exploiting

it, many techniques such as thermal recovery,

chemical recovery, microbial recovery, etc. have

been developed and adopted for heavy oil

exploitation.

In this respect, our project presents our first

investigation of the metallo-surfactants that will

enhance the mobility and curd charact-erization

of virgin curd. It will evaluate the efficiency of

viscosity reduction, contrasts the mettalosurfactants

catalysis of the new catalyst and

several other ones, analyzes the changes of the

contents and structures of group composition of

heavy oil before and after the reaction, and

reports the results of the field tests.

The principal aspect of this chemical

reaction is that the C-S bond is broken down and

hence it reduces viscosity of the heavy crude oil

rather than decrease asphaltene. Even a small

fraction of bond breakage can lead to huge

improvement of flow properties of heavy crude

oils.

The Project duration is 12 months and its

budget is about LE 50,000.

Prof. Ahmed Mohammed El Sabbagh

Consultant

Prof. Abdel Fattah Mohsen Badawi

PI

Prof. Saad Desouky

Co.PI

Ass. Prof. Seham Ail Shaban

Member

Dr. Mohamed Ahmed Hassan Betiha

Member

Dr. Omnia Hassan

Technical coordinator

Ahmed Abd El-Rahman Zahran

Msc student

Alaa Ali Naguib

Msc student

EPRI Annual Report 2012 17


EPRI Annual Report 2012 18


The offices were renewed as

Follows:

Renovate the internet lines.

Renovate the telephone lines.

Renovate the air conditions.

Renovate the aluminum windows.

Renovate the floors.

Painting tasks.

Before

After

EPRI Annual Report 2012 19


Two phases were completed as follows:

Providing labs with furniture.

Providing gas cupboards.

Providing emergency douches.

The infrastructure work is about to

start in building B which includes the

development of 30 offices and 36 labs.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 20


HRTEM Lab

HRTEM Lab: is the newest Egyptian unit working in serving the researches of

nano-technology. The lab carries out the elemental analysis in addition to studying

the shape, size and the arrangement of atoms for different types of materials in the

nano scale.

Raman Lab

Raman Lab is the first lab in Egypt consists of Dispersive Raman Spectrometer

(Model: SENTERRA, BRUKER OPTICS).The SENTERRA is a high performance Raman

microscope spectrometer designed for the most demanding analytical and

research applications.

DLS Lab

DLS Lab is the important lab to Measuring nano particle size distribution, zeta

potential and Molecular Weight.

CNTs Lab

Carbon nanotubes are nowadays one of the most extensively studied materials because of

their unique and advanced chemical, physical, magnetic and mechanical properties.

Ball Mill Lab

RETSCH Planetary Ball Mills are used wherever the highest degree of

fineness is required.

Electrospinning Lab

Electrospinning Lab is system for producing ultra-fine fiber with diameter

of 20 – 1000 nm.The nanofiber has very high specific surface area, small

diameter and large porosity that can be used in different application.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 21


The initive of” Equipme” was taken out of the mutual co -operation between Epri and

Ministry of Scientific Research to enhance labs with modern up- dated equipment.

NO

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

Device Name

Comlet digital electryospining unit system .

Upgrade kit from Agilent – Hplc 1200 series .

Photo Diode Arry (PDA) detector For Hplc

High pressure Density meter

Garrett Gas train kit

Casagrande (Atterberg limit)

Bresle kit – chloride Test kit

Chloride Test kit – Abrasive

Fine Aggregate complete Sieve Analysis Set

Hghpressure and High temperature autoclave

Continuous Flow Low Pressure reactor

Static Cooling bacteriological incubator

Digital Autoclave – Control system (FalyAu)

Digital Refrigerated Centrifuge

Digital Compound Binocular Microscope

Variable Automatic pipette

Digital Water Bath

Double Beam UV- Vis Spectrophotometer

Lab Basket Ball Mill

EPRI Annual Report 2012 22


1-The Role of Surfactants in Combating Cancer

1 Dr. Ahmed Alsabagh and 2 Dr. Abdelfattah Badawi

1,2 Professors , Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract

Improved means of

cancer prevention and

treatment remain key

goals of global health

programmes. This is

particularly true in

Western society, where

the elderly represent a

large proportion of the

population and where

the likelihood of tumour

development is

compounded by risk

factors such as poor

fibre/high fat diets and environmental pollution.

Dietary intervention represents an attractive, non-invasive means

of providing anticancer preventative and therapeutic benefits to

at-risk individuals. This review focuses on the evidence for

anticancer properties of bovine milk and milk-derived

components. Evidence of a role for whole milk constituent, as

well as purified minor components, in combating tumorigenesis

is outlined. Shortcomings in current studies are highlighted and

future opportunities for targeted research to characterize

important anticancer properties of milk are discussed.

2- Chapter 9 Biomarkersby Yasser M. Moustafa and

Rania E. Mors

Chapter- Biomarkers

Yasser M. Moustafa & Rania E. Morsi

Egyptian Petroleum Research

Institute

Egypt

Biomarkers are naturally

occurring, ubiquitous and

stable complexes that are

objectively measured and

evaluated as an indicator of a

certain state. It is used in

many scientific fields;

medicine, cell biology,

exposure assessment,

geology and astrobiology.

Due to the variety of geological conditions and ages under which

oil was formed, every crude oil exhibits a unique biomarker

fingerprint. From the identification point of view, biomarkers are

the most important hydrocarbon groups in petroleum because

they can be used for chemical fingerprinting which provides

unique clues to the identity of source rocks from which

petroleum samples are derived and the biological source

organisms which generated the organic matter, the

environmental conditions that prevailed in the water column and

sediment at the time, the thermal history (maturity) of both the

rock and the oil, and the degree of microbial biodegradation.

GC-MS is considered the most widely used method for

biomarkers detection and identification which is a true

combination of its separate parts (gas chromatography, GC and

mass spectrometry, MS). The mass spectrometer has long been

recognized as the most powerful detector for gas

chromatography due to its high sensitivity, specificity and

capability to elucidate compound structure. Mass

fragmentography provides a satisfactory tool for obtaining

specific fingerprints for classes and homologous series of

compounds, resolved by gas chromatography. The development

of more sensitive and selective identification tool for biomarker

analysis purpose especially for crude oils containing low

concentration biomarkers as weathered and light oils can be

considered as one of the most important research points in this

field. After separation and identification of biomarkers, principal

component analysis PCA, a mathematical procedure, can be used

for analyses of chromatograms using a fast and objective

procedure and with more comprehensive data usage compared

to other fingerprinting methods. The discriminative power of PCA

was enhanced by deselecting the most uncertain variables or

scaling them according to their uncertainty. Chemical analysis of

biomarkers generates information of great importance to

environmental forensic investigations in terms of determining the

source of spilled oil. The patterns of the “Biomarkers” and a set

of parameters were used to construct an Egyptian computerized

oil spill identification database. This can greatly increase the

possibilities for finding the sources of oil pollution by comparing

an unknown pollutant sample with any similar oil sample stored

in the database. A much stronger connection between a distinct

oil spill and its actual source may be established than before.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 23


3- PETROCHEMICALS

Edited by: Vivek Patel

Published by: InTech,

Croatia, March 2012.

ISBN: 978-953-51-0411-7

www.intechopen.com

Chapter 12 – New Trends

in Hydroprocessing Spent

Catalysts Utilization

249

Hoda S. Ahmed and

Mohammed F. Menoufy

Summary of the chapter:

The objective of this

chapter is to give academics, research scientists, research

scholars, science and engineering students and industry

professionals an overview of the different utilization technologies

for hydrotreating spent catalysts.

Hydrotreating catalysts consist of critical metals such as Mo, Co,

and Ni, as active metals and are generally supported by alumina

or silica alumina and are usually used in hydrotreating

petroleums. These catalysts deactivate with time, and partial or

complete regeneration can be carried out depending on the

severity of the processes due to carbon or sulfides deposition. In

the long term, the regeneration of these catalysts will become

impossible due to irreversible deactivation, and spent catalysts

would discard as solid wastes. The volume of these solid wastes

has increased significantly worldwide and in Egyptian petroleum

refining industries due to a steady increase in upgrading of

feedstock or distillates to meet the environmental regulations for

low sulfur fuels.

Several alternative methods such as disposal in landfills,

reclamation of metals, regeneration/ rejuvenation and reuse, and

utilization as raw materials to produce other useful products are

available to the refiners to deal with the spent catalyst problems.

The choice between these options depends on technical

feasibility and economic consideration.

In recent years, increasing emphasis has been placed on the

development of processes for recycling and recovering of the

waste catalyst metals, as much as possible. In literature there are

many applied researches for spent metals recovery, particularly

for catalyst that contain high concentrations of valuable metals

(Mo, Ni, V and Al2O3) However, fluctuations in the market prices

of the recovered metals and their purity, together with the high

costs of shipping significantly influence the economics of the

metal reclamation process that making it less attractive.

and metal contaminants. Therefore, many efforts were subjected

to replace the conventional regeneration procedures in order to

reactivate and rejuvenate the spent catalysts. The new

procedures are conducted to remove contaminant metals

selectively by chemical treatments without significantly affecting

the chemical and physical characteristics of the original catalyst

In experimental works, carried out by the authors of this

chapter in EPRI (1), concerning spent catalysts, were succeeded

in rejuvenating the spent catalyst Mo-Ni/Al2O3 using for rerefining

of waste lube oil, and applied in Alexandria Petroleum

Company. Our data revealed that the treated spent catalyst could

be restored nearly its fresh HDS activity levels by application of

oxalic acid leaching technique in addition to H2O2 as an oxidizing

agent. The most effective leaching agent was 4% oxidized oxalic

acid, and the extent of metals recovered was dependent on acid

concentrations or the specific reuse of the spent catalyst. The

rejuvenation process promotes the formation of a

hydroprocessing catalyst due to its improvements in surface area

and average pore diameter (i.e. 87% and 63% of the fresh

catalyst characteristics, respectively). These improvements

caused recovery in the HDS activity of the treated catalyst in the

ranges of 81–96 wt %

Other utilization of spent catalysts, experimental data reveal

that the treatment processes succeeded for extracting nickel,

molybdenum and aluminum oxides in quantities of 25, 30, 45

wt% as raw materials using in the production of other valuable

industrial products. These results are attractive options from

environmental and economical points of view.

References of authors’ data:

1- E. Z. Hegazy., M.Sc. Thesis, Tanta University, Tanta (2003)

2- M. F. Menoufy, H. S. Ahmed, in Proc. of the OAPEC Seminar on

Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection in

Petroleum Industries, Cairo (2004).

3- M. F. Menoufy, H. S. Ahmed, .Energy Sources, Part A, 30:1213–

1222, (2008)

4- H S. Ahmed, M.F. Menoufy., Chem. Eng Technol., 32, No. 6,

873–880, (2009).

Many literature review revealed that reactivation of spent

catalysts technology did not reach to well developments.

Spent catalysts lose their activities, and deactivated by pore

blockage and fouling of the active surface with deposition of coke

EPRI Annual Report 2012 24


4-Photocatalytic Materials & Surfaces for

Environmental Cleanup-II

AUTHORS SAWSAN A MOHAMED .Emre yassitepe,s. ismat shah

Photolysis and Photocatalysis of 1,4 Dichlorobenzene Using

Sputtered TiO2 Thin Films

Sawsan A. Mahmoud1,2 a, Emre Yassitepe 2 b, S. Ismat Shah2,3 c

Key Words: Photocatalysis, Photolysis, reaction path, titania, thin

films, sputtering

Abstract:

The rate of 1,4-dichlorobenzene (1,4-DCB) degradation in the

aqueous phase was investigated under direct photolysis or

photocatalysis in the presence of TiO2 thin film prepared by

reactive sputtering using a metal Ti target and a reaction

sputtering atmosphere of argon and oxygen. The prepared thin

films were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)

and Xray diffraction (XRD). XPS confirmed the presence of

completely oxidized TiO2 films whereas XRD showed that the

films contained a mixture of rutile and anatase phases with rutile

being approximately 30% of the total volume. Two lamps, both of

the same power but different wavelength range were employed

as irradiation sources. Photocatalysis showed faster removal of

1,4-DCB as compared to direct photolysis. The complete

degradation was attained using the freshly prepared TiO2

sample. The intermediate produced during the photocatalysis

was benzoquinone. Photolysis using visible irradiation was

relatively slower and both benzoquinone and hydroquinone were

formed as intermediates. Higher initial degradation rates were

observed when the same film was re-used, most probably due to

the effect of washing of the TiO2 thin films surface with

methanol.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 25


EPRI Annual Report 2012 26


STDF Project

Crude petroleum consists essentially of

hydrocarbons together with smaller amounts

of non-hydrocarbons such as sulfur

compounds. The non-hydrocarbons are

usually concentrated in the higher boiling

fractions of the crude. In Egyptian crude oils,

the sulfur content ranges between (0.04 -

4.19 wt%).

The presence of sulfur has been

correlated with the corrosion of pipelines,

pumping and refining equipment, also sulfur

poisons many catalysts used in the refining

processes. Moreover the atmospheric

emission of sulfur oxides after combustion of

fuels is a dangerous environmental problem.

As sulfur control in fuels is one of the

most pressing problems for environmental

protection, in this connection, the terms “deep

desulfurization” and “ultra-low sulfur fuels”

have appeared in the literature recently.

Biodesulfurization (BDS) is one of the new

processes designed for ultra-deep

desulfurization, which operates under

ambient temperature and pressure, which is

expected to be a complement and a

promising alternative to hydrodesulfurization.

BDS is a process based on selective removal

of sulfur by microorganisms. Compared with

cell suspension, BDS with immobilized cells

has some advantages: ease of biocatalyst

separation from treated fuels, low risk of

contamination, high stability, and long lifetime

of the biocatalyst. Nanoparticles can

be used to immobilize microbial cells that can

degrade or biorecover specific chemicals.

This project aims to isolation and

characterization of local biodesu-lfurising (BDS)

microorganisms from different hydrocarbon

polluted environ-ments in Egypt. The enhancing

of biodesulfurization efficiencies through

immobilization/coating of microorga-nism on/by

nano-particles possessing magnetic properties

will be studied. It is intended to establish a costeffective

BDS method that is expected to achieve

an enhancement in the biodesulfurization

process by using nano-biocatalysts in the course

of the production procedures of the oil field

industry.

Project team:

Dr Tamer Z. Sharara (PI)

Prof. Dr. Yasser Moustafa

Prof. Dr. Samiha F. Deriase

Dr. Nour Sh. El-Gendy (Co-PI)

Prof. Dr. Mervat A.M. Abo-State

(NCRRT)

Ass. Res. Heba El Maghraby

Ass. Res. Hessein M. Nabil

Ass. Res. Delvin Desouky

Ass. Res. Sherif Ali

EPRI Annual Report 2012 27


STDF Project

As an element in the periodic table, mercury is

found at trace levels in air, sea water and fossil

fuels. Mercury is found in a variety of chemical

and physical forms (species). Each has

different characteristics in terms of solubility,

volatility, toxicity, and reactivity.

Mercury has received considerable attention

from the environmental engineers due to its

high toxicity, a tendency to bio-accumulate and

difficulties in its control. Gas and oil combustion

is a very significant source of mercury input in

the environment. Volatilized mer-cury also has

been responsible for damaging valuable

refinery catalysts, and for contaminating both

plant equipment and products.

In natural gas, the typical mercury

concentration is between 1 and 200 ng/l. Crude

oil and gas condensate can contain several

chemical forms of mercury, which differ in their

chemical and physical properties. In spite of

the presence of many publications on the

removal of mercury species from natural gas

and waste water, there is a shortage in the

focusing on the mercury problem associated

with the petroleum condensate. Such lack in

the scientific research may be related to the

complexity of the nature of mercury species on

the petroleum condensate and petroleum oil.

The project aims to study and to evaluate the

most sufficient nano-adsorbents for removing

mercury from natural gas, petroleum condensate

and corresponding aqueous dehy-dration wastes

that are produced and/or processed in Egypt for

the purpose of minimize, to the extent possible,

emissions of mercury to Egypt environment from

natural gas and petroleum industry and utility.

Project team:

Prof. Dr. Yasser Moustafa (PI)

Dr Tamer Z. Sharara

Eng. Ashraf Abed El Mohsen

(EGAS)

Ass. Res. Howyada Abd El Salam

Ass. Res. Ayat Abd El Aziz

Ass. Res. Mohamed El Bakry

EPRI Annual Report 2012 28


Mercury has received considerable

attention from an environmental point of view due

to its high toxicity, a tendency to bio-accumulate

and difficulties in its control. In spite of extensive

research efforts on the removal of mercury

species from natural gas and waste water, there

is a shortage in focusing on the mercury problem

associated with the petroleum condensate. We

propose to develop new highly porous metalorganic

frameworks (MOFs) and zeolite-like

metal-organic frameworks (ZMOFs) for the

efficient removal of mercury species from gas

condensate and aqueous dehydration wastes

produced from the petroleum production plants.

The proposed project is a collaboration

between the Egyptian Petroleum Research

Institute (EPRI) in Egypt and Virginia

Commonwealth University (VCU) in the USA.

Aiming at developing MOF and ZMOF materials

applicable to the removal of organic and

inorganic mercury species in order to minimize

emissions of mercury to the environment from

the petroleum industry and utility. The specific

objectives of the proposed project are: (i)

Developing a reproducible synthesis method

based on microwave and hydro-solvothermal

processes for preparing high specific surface

area MOFs and ZMOFs substrates; (ii)

Incorporation of metal nanoparticles such as Cu,

Ag and Au within the MOFs and ZMOFs pores

and cavities; (iii) Characterizing the physical and

chemical properties of the prepared materials;

(iv) Studying the adsorption capacities of the

prepared materials for removing inorganic and

organic mercury species as model compounds to

the actual mercury compounds existing in

wastewater and gas condensate.

It is expected that, by tailoring the

properties of MOFs and ZMOFs (surface area,

surface composition, cavity and pore sizes and

shapes, and incorporation of nanoparticles); the

research will result in a better understanding of

the factors that enhance the efficient removal of

mercury species from the processes of the

petroleum industry and utility. The success of the

proposed project will enhance the environmental

quality in the USA and in Egypt by reducing the

mercury emissions that result from the

combustion of the gaseous and liquid fuels.

Project team:

Prof. Dr. Yasser Moustafa

(Egy.-PI)

Dr Tamer Z. Sharara (EPRI)

Prof. Dr. Mohammed S. El-Shall

(US-PI)

Dr. Sherif Moussa

(VCU)

Ms. Natalie Herring

(VCU)

EPRI Annual Report 2012 29


The Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute

(EPRI) and the University of New Mexico (UNM)

cooperates to develop a new generation of fiber

reinforced polymer (FRP) composites. The new

FRP is multi-scale in nature and incorporates

functionalized nanoparticles (e.g. nanoclay and

nanorubber) to enhance energy absorption

criteria.

The new multi-scale FRP will expand the use

of composites in the oil and gas industry

(onshore & offshore) typically governed by the

limited energy absorption of composite materials.

The project aim is to improve the energy

absorption of the polymer resin by producing a

new nanocomposite incorporating a balanced

mix of functional polyolefin rubber (EP)

nanoparticles and montmorillonite (o-mmt)

nanoparticles. This new toughened

nanocomposite is then used to produce FRP

composites. The research team at EPRI and

UNM acquired state-of-the-art equipment to

synthesize functionalized polyolefin rubber

nanoparticles, fabricate and characterize both

the nanocomposites and the FRP composite.

The research team is multidisciplinary in nature

combining the expertise of the two PIs and their

research groups from Egypt and the USA on

polymer chemistry, polymer characterization,

composite fabrication and composite testing.

The project is funded by US-Egypt Cooperative

Research Program administered by Science and

Technology Development Fund (STDF) in Egypt

and National Science Found-ation (NSF) in the

US.

Project Team:

Dr. Usama Farid Mahmoud Kandil (PI)

Prof. Dr Nevine Omar Shaker (Co-PI)

Prof Dr. Mahmoud Taha (PI-US)

Dr. Mohamed El-Shafie

Mrs. Mona Abdul-Sabour Ahmed

Mr. Ramadan Mosa Abd Rabbo

EPRI Annual Report 2012 30


Internal Project

Many problems facing mankind. Those

concerning the availability and distribution

of energy will ultimately be the most

important. As fossil fuel became depleted,

we will turn more and more to alternative

sources and eventually depend on energy

technologies based on nuclear fission and

solar energy.

Nuclear energy also relies on finite

resources and involves significant

problems. Solar energy is the primary

source for most energy forms found on

Earth. Solar energy is clean, abundant, and

renewable. As well as, it holds tremendous

potential benefit to our world by diversifying

our energy supply, reducing our

dependence on imported fuels, improving

the quality of the air we breathe. Today ,

many of the solar energy systems are

significantly more expensive than the

traditional options available to customers

(e.g., engines, gas heaters, grid electricity).

The cost, performance, and

convenience of these systems must

be improved if solar energy is going

to compete in energy markets

against more traditional alternatives.

Some large-scale solar technologies

are close to being cost competitive,

but the risk of making such a large

investment is an obstacle to

commercialization.

Project Consultant

Prof.Dr.Ahmed M. AL-Sabagh

Prof.Dr.Ebtesam Hekal

PI.Sawsan Abdel-Hady Mahmoud

PI Deputy:Dr.Mohamed Abdel-Azzim

Project Team

Prof.Dr.Mamdouh Saad

Dr.Aziza Al-Sayed

Dr.Hend Mohamed Hamed

Dr.Heba Abdel-Razik Ismail

Research Assis:Radwa Abbas AL-Salamony

EPRI Annual Report 2012 31


Internal Project

The strong interest in polymer–surfactant

interactions has been driven in part by the use of

mixtures of polymers and surfactants in many

commercial products and processes, as diverse

as water treatment. In many wastewater

applications, a highly charged cationic coagulant

is employed to neutralize the natural negative

charges of dispersed particles or oil. The chargeneutralized

particles are then more readily

coagulated with mixing.

In this work, four nonionic polyelectrolytes

were prepared by amidation of oleic acid and

diethylene triamine. The later compound was

ethoxylated by introducing 5,10, 20, and 30

ethylene oxide units. Also, three compounds of

acrylic acid (different molecular weight 5000,

55000 and 100000) were prepared. The

chemical structures of the prepared

polyelectrolytes were elucidated using Fourier

transform-infrared (FT-IR), 1HNMR spectra and

GPC. The surface and thermodynamic

parameters of the prepared demulsifiers were

determined at 25 ºC including, surface tension

(γ), and effectiveness, maximum surface excess

(Γmax) and minimum surface area (Amin).

The performance of the prepared

polyelectrolytes, individually and their mixtures

between them, was tested on polluted water (oil

–in-water = 200 ppm and total suspended solid

(TSS) = 6mg /l.) Results show that the

polyectrolytes performance increases with

increasing the ethylene oxide units (5 to 20

ethylene oxide units). The compound with (20

eo) gives low oil in water (10ppm) and total

suspended solid (TSS) is 1g/l

Team Work

Principal investigator

Dr. Mahmoud Reyad Noor El-Din

Vice Principal Investigator:

Dr. Mohamed Abd Al-Latef Al-Shafi

Team Work:

Dr. Khalid Kabel

Dr. Marwa R. Mishrif

Ass. Researcher:Ibrahem Mahmoud Nassar

Ass. Researcher: Sayed Al-Sharaky

Consultants:

Prof.: Salah Khalil

Prof.: Ahmed M. Al-Sabagh.

Prof. : Mohamed El-Sukary

EPRI Annual Report 2012 32


In view to suppress, the worsening of clean water

shortage, development of advanced with lowcost

and high efficiency water treatment

technologies is desirable. The ultimate goal of

waste-water management is the protection of the

environment in a manner commensurate with

public health and socio-economic concerns.

There are currently thousands types of water

filters on the market with the ability to purify

water contaminated in many different ways.

However, most of these filtering methods are too

expensive and don’t meet the specific needs of

developing countries. The sustainable

technologies should be innovative, simple, and

incorporate combinations of basic science and

local materials to create usable and efficient

filters.

The first stage is lab scale production and

characterization of relatively large amounts of the

materials at different conditions and ratios

followed by investigation of their response toward

different pollutants and choosing those of the

highest efficiency.

The second stage is the design of a purification

system contains the prepared active materials

mixed with the suitable support followed by

practical test for authentic wastewater sample.

The project aims to prepare active nanomaterials

and design three stages purification

system to remove different types of water

pollutants namely; organic (petroleum), heavy

metals and microbial pollutions.

Creation of such purification system could be

effective in removing pollutants from drinking

water or from wastewater before the discharge

into the aquatic environment or its reuse.

Dr. Rania Elsayed Morsi

(PI)

Members Chemists:

Mohammed Omer

Mohammed Fathy

Moustafa Saad

Consultants:

Prof. Dr. Ahmed AlSabagh

Prof. Dr. Yasser Moustafa

EPRI Annual Report 2012 33


EPRI Annual Report 2012 34


1n 2012, two patents have been obtained and one new

patent was presented

One of them is under the title of "Preparation

of a new effective demulsifier from local raw

materials to resolve extremely aged and tough

petroleum slop oil emulsions"

The other patent is under the title of " Preparation

of new Olygemer Surfactants from Triazinan

Tri Ethanol to Scavenge Hydrogen Sulfide

Accompanied by Crude Oil and Natural Gas "

The patent that was presented recently is

under the title of "Preparation of chemical

composites based on material nanotechnology to

remove the microbial, heavy metals and

hydrocarbons pullutants from sewage industerial

and ground water"

EPRI Annual Report 2012 35


EPRI Annual Report 2012 36


EPRI Annual Report 2012 37


EPRI Annual Report 2012 38


EPRI Annual Report 2012 39


Problem Solution

Hydrogen Sulfide

Problems of H 2 S

Mortality Death

Environment

SSC

Economic

How to tackle with H 2 S problems

1-Sulfur Mining.

2- Modification of Metallurgical Designation

of Petroleum Equipment.

3- Using Chromium Stainless Steel.

“Cr” has six oxidation state .The most stable

Economic benefits

form is: Cr +3 Cr + H 2 S

3- Scavenging of H 2 S.

H 2 S Treatment

Chemical Generations:

ALKALI

ALDEHYDE.

AMINES.

passive layer

SURFACTANTS (The Latest Generation

of EPRI)

(Polymeric Amine)




Reduction of treatment costs up to

50% compared to imported

chemicals.

One of the Egyptian Petroleum

Companies has produced more than

10 million barrels of crude from sour

wells during the last five years using

EPRI product.

Support R&D at EPRI

EPRI Annual Report 2012 40


Problem Solution

Thermal Expansion Joints

EPRI Annual Report 2012 41


Problem Solution

Egyptian Alumonite

Using Alumonite instead of Imported Iron

to Coat Pipeline of Oil and Gas

EPRI has introduced many studies and

researches to find an alternative to imported

iron used in concrete mixing. This alternative

was used for coating offshore petroleum

pipeline since 1990 till 2010 which affords

foreign currency and takes advantage of

Egyptian manpower.

The local alternative was used in all

maritime projects of petroleum sector

companies.

Using Alumonite in concrete mixing

resulted in :

1- Achieving the heaviest density of

concrete (180 PCF).

2- Achieving the compression strength of

concrete not less than (35 N/mm2).

EPRI Annual Report 2012 42


Problem Solution

Egyptian Bentonite

The project aims mainly to get the

bentonitic clays with specifications suitable for

using in the drilling fluids. A geological study

conducted to search for this mineral had reached

to get the large reserves in different regions.

Studies show that these minerals contain Na -

Montmorillonite mineral which considered the

main component of bentonitic clays. The

presence of Na - Montmorillonite in these

sediments studied, led to the acquisition of some

of these clays. For bentonite properties which

call to try to address these clays to be used in oil

well drilling fluids.

Industry outcome:

The Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute

made applied

research and

field

experiments in

the area of the

treatment of the

Egyptian

bentonite.This

to be used in

oil well drilling

fluids, which

have honorable

results, through

the activation

process- using

a polymer and

economic quantities. The work of field

experiments has already been produced and

sold releasing Egyptian bentonite on the local

market.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 43


Problem Solution

Treatment of Sea Water Desalination Station at

Rhaes Gareeb Fields – in Cooperation with the

General Company for Petroleum

The study covers 3 main points:

Studying the Water Sources.

Studying the Used Chemicals.

Studying the needed maintenance

processes with chemical cleaning

included.

Every point of the above mentioned shows the

disadvantages, failure points and methods of

overcoming them.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 44


Problem Solution

Heat Exchanger Cleaning

Contract with Suez Company for Petroleum Processing

Exchangers

out of Service

Exchangers

in Service

Indirect

Loss

of Income

Direct

Gain

of Income

Before treatment

After treatment

EPRI Annual Report 2012 45


A variety of cutting fluids are used for machining

operations of cutting, grinding, turning, milling,

drilling, and tapping mainly iron and aluminum

metals. The usage of a good metal working fluids

will result in reducing tool or die wear improved

workpiece surface finish and increased

productivity. Cutting fluids can be classified into

two types; water-insoluble and water-soluble.

Water-soluble cutting fluids are classified into the

next three classes. diluted with water, class JIS

A1( emulsion type),

which contains oil and emulsified agent, turns

cloudy, while class JID A2(soluble type), which

contains surface active agents, becomes

transparent or translucent and Class JIS A3

(CHEMICAL SOLUTION TYPE), which contains

organic and inorganic Carboxylic acid salt, turns

transparent. Commercial water-soluble cutting

fluid contain many components, such as water,

antimicrobial agents, antirust additives, surface

active agents, stabilizing agent, anti-wear agents

and others.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 46


Investigation and Solving Plugging Problem Arising in Sour

Well at Qarun Company

(Case Study)

Mamoun Tawfiek*, Abd El Latief M. Abd El Rahman**,

Mohamed El-Shafie**, Ahmed Al Sabagh**, and Salah Khalil**.

Abstract:

Plugging problem arising at the injection point of H 2 S Scavenger EPRI 730 into the

pipeline transferring crude oil coming out from a sour well "SWQ11" at Qarun base

field was investigated and solved. The plugging occured every 12 hrs due to

accumulation of C a CO 3 deposits. Different actions were taken to solve this problem

such as :- (i) reduction of the injection dose stepwisely from 170 G/D to 60 G/D, and

compensating the difference at other points in the same area,(ii) splitting the

injection point to two equal injection points in the hydra; (iii) acid cleaning job; (iv)

survey on water analysis; (v) reviewing the history of SWQ11; (vi) performing

comparative study between SWQ11 and other sour wells in different Qarun areas

treated with the same scavenger EPRI 730 (East Bahrea C-O8 , and Heba 200), (vii)

establishing a new injection point of EPRI 730 at another well"SWQ4" by a dose 80

G/D and (viii) reviewing the injection doses of EPRI 730 at all injection points (7

points) to adjust H2S reading in the sour tanks to be


EPRI Annual Report 2012 48


Publications

Scientific Researches 2012

Department

Production

International

Publication

I.F.

Local

Publication

Conference

Publications

Local International

1 1 1

Work shop

Exploration

31 24 3

Analysis &

Evaluation

12 6 2

Refining

11 9 1

Petroleum

Applications

32 25 1 5

Petrochemicals

48 37 1 5

Process

Development

10 6 2 3

Total 145 108 4 20

Production

Exploration

Analysis & Evaluation

Refining

Petroleum Applications

Petrochemicals

Process Development

EPRI Annual Report 2012 49


Publications

Local & International Scientific Researches

2010: 2012

As apparent in the illustrated figures,

the quality of publications increases.

International Scientific Researches

2008: 2012

international

160

140

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

international

EPRI Annual Report 2012 50


MSc.2010:2012

25

obtained

registered

20

15

10

5

0

2010 2011 2012

PhD.2010:2012

25

20

15

10

obtained

registered

5

0

2010 2011 2012

EPRI Annual Report 2012 51


Publications

Production Department

International Journals

matter: case study of El-Khaligue-4 Well, central gulf

of suez, Egypt" Energy Sources Part A, (34) ,1448-

1458, 2012.

1- H. Abd EL-Wahab , M. Abd El-Fattah , N. Abd EL-

Khalik , Carmen M. Sharaby"Synthesis and

Performance of Flame retardant additives based

on Cyclodiphosph(V)azane of Sulfaguanidine ,1.3-

di-(N/2 pyrimidinylsulfanimide)-2,2,2,.4,4,4-

hexachlorocyclodiphosph (V) azane and 1,3-di-(N/-

2-pyrimidinylsulfanilamide )-2, 4-di(aminoacetic

acid )-2, 4- dichlorocyclodiphosph (V) azane

incorporated into Polyurethane varnish" Progress

in organic coatings, (74), 615-621,2012

Exploration Department

International Journals

1- Abdel Galil A.Hewaidy, Sherif Farouk and Haitham

M. Ayyad" Nukhul Formation in wadi baba,

southwest Sinai peninsula,Egypt" Geo Arabia,

(17)1103-120, 2012.

2- Sherif Farouk, Mahmoud Faris" Late Cretaceous

Calcareous nannofossil and planktonic Foraminiferal

bioevents of the Shallow-marine Carbonate Platform

in the Mitla Pass, west Central Sinai,Egypt"

Cretaceous Research, , (33),50-65, 2012.

3- Mostafa Gouda Temraz" Mineralogical and

Physical Characteristics of white sandstone of Abu

Rodeiyim Quarry (Sinai) , and its Possible industrial

Utilization" Acta Geologica Sinica ,(86)2 , 801-840,

2012.

4- Gamal El-Din A. Ibrahim, Tarek Y.M. A. El-hariri

,Ahmed S. Mousa and Gaber M.AW" Utilization of

Sodium Silicate Solution as A curing Compound of

Fresh Concrete" Journal of American Science, 8(11),

2012.

5-EL Shamma,A.A. ,Tarek F.Moustafa and Hosny,

A.M. "Tournaisian to Early Permian Miozonations Of

the Western Desert ,Egypt"Journal of American

Science 2012;8(12),1530-1544.

6- M. M. EL Nady" The advantage of rock-eval

pyrolysis , LG and GC/MS in characterization organic

7- M.M El Nady" The Potentiality of Source Rocks in

Hayat Oilfield Based on Well Data, North Western

Desert, Egypt" Energy Sources Part A, (34)2023-2030,

2012.

8- M. M. El Nady, A.Y. EL-Naggar, S.A. Faramawy and

A.A. Salem" Application of Molecular and Polycyclic

Aromatic Sulfur Compounds in Evaluation of Some

Egyptian Crude Oils" Energy Sources Part A, (34)2243-

2252, 2012.

9- M. G. Temraz and I. Hassanien" Evaluation of some

Egyptian shales as a Drilling fluid additive" Energy

Sources Part A, (34), 549-558, 2012.

10- Mohmoud Faris, Sherif Farouk, " Integrated

biostratigraphy of two upper maastrichtian-

Paleocene successions in north-central Sinai, Egypt"

Geologica croatica, (65) 2, 2012.

11- Tarek Y.M.A. El-Hariri, Ahmed S. Mousa, Essam

M.A. Abu Assy and Gamal El-Dein A. Ibrahim" Events

of the Diagenitic Processes in Um gereifat Mine, Red

Sea Coast, Egypt: Implications for Microfacies

Associations, Mineralogy and Geochemistry"

Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Science, 6(3)

,496-505, 2012.

12- Ahmed S. Mousa, Tarek Y.M.A.El-Hariri ,Ibrahim

H. Ibrahim and Gamal El-Dim A. Ibrahim" Microfacies

and Heavy Minerals Composition of Cretaceous

Sandstones at Wadi Tubia, Southeastern Sinai,

Egypt:Implication for Provenance, Maturity Index and

Continental Margin Activity" Australian Journal of

Basic and Applied Sciences, 6(5), 289 -297,2012

13- F.S. Ramadan, M.M. El Nady, M.M. Hammad, and

N. M. Lotfy" Subsurface study and source rocks

evaluation of Ras gharib onshore oil field in the

centeral gulf of suez, Egypt" Australian Journal of

Basic and Applied Science, 6(12) ,569-590,2012

14-M.Ghorab,T.F.Shazly,I.E.Ghaleb and I.Nabih.

"Using of Pickett’s Plot in Shaly Formation to Estimate

the Petrophysical Exponents of Bahariya Formation in

EPRI Annual Report 2012 52


Sidi Barani Area,North Western Desert ,Egypt",

Australian Journal Of Basic and Applied

Sciences,6(13):399-413,2012

15-T. F. Shazly & A. Z. Nouh; "Utilizing of Resistivity

log to Discriminate Between Effective and Ineffective

Porosity for Raha Formation in Ras Budran Field, Gulf

of Suez, Egypt."; Australian Journal of Basic and

Applied Science, 6(10), PP. 532-540, 201.

16- M. M. El Nady " Bulk Compositions, Genetic

Origin, Classifications and Maturation of Crude Oils in

the Gulf of Suez, Egypt" Petroleum science and

technology, (30), 2552-2562, 2012.

17- S.S. Azzam and T. F. Shazly" A comparison

between porosity derived from seismic reflection

data and that computed from well log Data, Al Amal

Field ,Gulf of Suez, Egypt" Petroleum science and

technology, (30), 16-27, 2012.

18- M. M. Hammad and M. M. EL Nady" Oil-Source

Rocks Correlation Based on the Biomarker

Distribution of EWD and Qarun Oilfields, North

Western Desert, Egypt" Petroleum science and

technology, (30),133-146, 2012.

19- S. S. Azzam, And A.A, EL-Khafeef" Two-and-a-Half

Dimension Gravity Modeling to Delineate the

Structures of the Western Abu Gharadig Basin,

western Desert, Egypt" Petroleum science and

technology, (30) ,605-623,2012.

20- A.R. Abu El-EZZ, A.A. Abdou ,and M.G. M.Temraz"

The Petrography , Mineralogy, and Hydrocarbon

Potential of the Shales of the Duwi Formation, Abu

tartur, South Western Desert, Egypt" Petroleum

science and technology, (30), 2373-2382, 2012.

21- Gamal El-Din A. Ibrahim ,Ahmed s. Mousa ,Tarik

Y. M.A.El-Hariri and GaberM.Aw." Appraise the

Influence of Sodium silicates as Abrasive Materials in

Petroleum Constructions " Journal of Applied

Sciences Research, 8(5)2664-2669, 2012

22- I.M. Hassanain, M. I. Abdou, And H. H. Abu Seda"

Petrographical and petrophysical studies of some

Upper cretaceous rocks, southwest Sinai, Egypt"

Petroleum science and technology,(30),64-73, 2012

23- Tarek Y. M.A. El-Hariri, Ahmed S. Mousa, Gamal

El-Din A.Ibrahim" Minrological and Chemical Analysis

to Evaluate Geochimcial Studied of Devonian Core

Samples in Fughur-1X Well, North western Desert ,

Egypt" Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 8(7),

3515-3523,2012.

24- Gaber, M. AW" Impact of anti-corrosion liquid

epoxy and fusion bond epoxy primer on mechanical

testing of three layers polyethylene pipeline coating"

Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 8(11), 5349-

5359, 2012

25- Gaber, M. AW" Evaluation of some natural ores

from Egyptian eastern desert to be utilized in

producing of paint materials" Journal of Petroleum

and Gas Exploration Research, (2) 1, 017-026. 2012.

26-Ahmed S. Abu El-Ata, salah S. Azzam, Ahmed A. El-

Khafeef , Heshsam s. Zahra and Hesham T. Oweis"

Contribution of Potential Field Data in Delineating

The Structural –Tectonic Set-Up of the eastern

Qattara Depression

27- Tarek f. Shazly" Geothermal Modeling for

Bahariya Formation of Bassel-1x well, Northern

Western Desert, Egypt, By Using well Logs Analysis"

Journal of applied Sciences Research, (8) 2 ,753-762,

2012

28- Tarek Y. M.A.El-Hariri, Ahmed S. Mousa , Tarek F.

Moustafa , Sherif Farouk" Facies and Sedimentary

environments of the Abu Qada Formation at Gabal El-

Gunna, Southeastern Sinai, Egypt" Egyptian Journal

of Petroleum, (21)171-79, 2012.

29- Tarek .F. Shazly, Elhamy Tarabees and Youssif S.

Mohamed" Application of Velocity-Deviation Logs in

Determination of Pore Types and Permeability Trends

in Sandstones of the Nubia Formation From the

Rudeis-Sidri Area, Gulf of Suez, Egypt" World Journal

of Earth Sciences, 2(1) 1-12, 2012.

30- Ahmed S.A. Abuel Ata, Salah S.S. Azzam, Nahla

A.A. El-Sayed" The Improvements of threedimensional

seismic interpretation in comparison

with the two-dimensional seismic interpretation in

Al-mal Oil Field, Gulf of Suez, Egypt" Egyptian Journal

of Petroleum (21), 61-69,2012

EPRI Annual Report 2012 53


31- Azab A. A., Khedr,F.I.El Khadragy, A.A. and Salih,

A.H" Interpreting the seismic reflection data to

delineate the structures and tectonics in belayim land

field, gulf of suez ,Egypt" Egy J. Appl. Geophys, (11)1,

217-239, 2012

Msc.

1-Abeer Ahmed Abdelrehem Abo Hegaza"

Sedimentological And Petrophysical Studies of Some

Subsurface Cretaceous Rocks, Northern Western

Desert, Egypt.,Tanta Science.2012

2-Marwa Zen Elden Abdelwahab Mahmoud Elsawy"

Reservoir Evaluation of the Upper Cretaceous in the

North Western Desert, Egypt, Utilizing Well Log

Analysis.,Al Zagaig Science, 2012.

3-Naira Magdy Ahmed Lotfy " Characterization of

Crude Oil and Bearing Rocks Gharib Oil Field, Central

Gulf of Suez, Egypt, Al Zagaig Science, 2012.

Analysis and Evaluation Department

International Journals

1- M. A. Deyab & S. S. Abd El-Rehim , " On Surfactantpolymer

Associtation and its Effect the Corrosion

Behavior of Carbon Steel in Cyclohexane Propionic

Acid " , Corrosion Science , 65 , 309-316 , 2012

2- S. T. Keera , N. A. Farid and K. Z. Mohamed , "

Imidazoline Derivatives as coorosion Inhibitors of

Carbon Steel in Crude Oils and Associated Water " ,

Energy Sources , Part A , 34 , 1371-1383 , 2012

3- S. Faramawy , A. El-Naggar , M. El-Nady , S. El-

Sabagh , F. Harb and A. Salem , " An Organic

Geochemical Characterization of Crude Oils El Hamd

and Bakr Oilfields in the Gulf of Suez , Egypt " , Energy

Sources part A : 34:8, 720-731 , 2012

4- M. M. El Nady , A. Y. El-Naggar , S. A. Faramawy &

A. A. Salem , " Application of Molecular and Polycyclic

Aromatic sulfur Compounds in Evaluation of Some

Egyptian Crude Oils " , Energy Sources part A: 34 ,

2243-2252 , 2012

5- Hager R. Ali , Nour Sh. El-Gendy , Yasser M.

Moustafa , Mohamed I. Roushdy and Ahmed I.

Hesham , " Degradation of Asphaltenic Fraction by

Locally Isolated Halotolerant Bacterial Strains " , ISRN

Soil Science , 2012

6- Yasser M. Moustafa , Asmaa A. Agrama , "

Navigation Activities Assessment on the Variations of

Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons , River Nile ,

Egypt , Energy Procedia , 18 , 1005-1012 , 2012

7- Mohamed A. Ebiad , Dalia R. Abd El-Hafiz , Radwa

A. Elsalamony and Lamia S. Mohamed , " Ni

Supported High Surface Area CeO2-ZrO2 Catalysts for

Hydrogen Production from Ethanol Steam

Reforming" , RCS Advance , 2 , 8145-8156 , 2012

8- M. A. Deyab & S. T. Keera , " Cyclic Voltammetric

studies of Carbon Steel Corrosion in Chloride –

formation Water Solution and Effect of some

Inorganic Salts " , Egyptian J. of Pet . , Vol 21 , No. 1 ,

2012

9- A. Y. El-Naggar , A. M. El-Fadly , A. A. Salem & M. A.

Ebaid , " Carrier Gas a new Factor Affecting the

Separation Efficiency of Gas Chromatograph :I-Using

Natural Gas as a Probe " , Nature & Science , 10 , 9 ,

71-75 , 2012

10- I.A. Mohamed , R. I. Abdallah , A. Y. El-Naggar , M.

M. Mashaly & A. A. Salem , " Characterization of Four

Egyptian Crude Oils " , Nature & Science , 10 , 5 , 72-

79 , 2012

11- Rania El-Sayed Morsi ,Maher Z. Elsabe , and Hala

F. Naguib , " Chitosan Based Nanofibers , review " ,

Materials Science and Engineering , 3 , 1711-1726 ,

2012

12- Yasser M. Moustafa and Rania E. Morsi , "

Biomarkers" , Chromatography and its Applications ,

165-186 , 2012.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 54


Refining Department

International Journals

1- Mohamed A. Betiha , Hassan M. A. Hassan , Ahmed

M. El-Sabagh , Abd El Rahman S. Khder and Emad A.

Ahmed , " Direct Synthesis and the Morphological

Control of Highly Orderd Mesoporous AISBA-15 using

Urea-Tetrachloroaluminate as a Novel Aluminum

Source " Journal of Materials Chemistry, 22, 17551-

17559 , 2012.

2- Sana I. Hassan , Omar I. Sif El-Din , Sahar M. Tawfik

and Dina M. Abd El-Aty , " Solvent Extraction of

Oxidized Diesel Fuel Phase Equilibrium " , Fuel

Processing Technology ,106 , 127-132 , 2012

3- Nermen H. Mohamed, "Competitive Study on

Separation and Characterization of Microcrystalline

Waxes using two Deoiling Techniques", Fuel

Processing Technology, 96, (116-122), 2012

4- T. Zaki , M. Samy & M. G. Temraz , " Synthesis and

Characterization of Nano-silica Gel Aged under

Microwave Radiation from Wite Sandstone " J. of sol

Gel Science and Technology , 64 ,1 , 224-231 , 2012

5- T. Zaki , Khalid I. Kabel and H. Hassan , "

Preparation of High Pure α –AL2 O3 Nanoparticles at

Low Temperatures using Pechini Method ", Ceramics

International , 38 , 2021-2026 , 2012

6- T. Zaki , Khalid I. Kabel and H. Hassan , " Using

Modified Pechinic Method to Synthesize α-AI2O3

Nanoparticles of high Surface Area " , Ceramics

International , 38 , 4861-4866 , 2012

7- M. Riad & S. Mikhail " Oxidative Desulfurization of

Light Gas Oil using Zinc Catalysts Prepared Via

Different Techniques " , Catalysis Science &

Technology , 2 , 1437-1446 , 2012

8- T. Zaki ,D. Amam , " Catalytic Carbon Monoxide

Oxidation Over Cooper/Silica Nanocatalysts " ,Energy

Sources Part A: 34 , 20, 1923-1932 , 2012

9- T. Zaki and D. Aman , " The Preparation and

Characterization of Manganese Oxides/Rice Husk

Silica of Nanosized Catalysts For CO Oxidation " ,

Energy Sources Part A: 34 , 2147-2155 , 2012

10- Heba M. Gobara , " Characterization and Catalytic

Activity of NiO/Mesoporous Aluminosilicate AISBA-15

Conversion of Some Hydrocarbons " , Egyptian J. Pet.

21 , 1-10 , 2012

11- Hoda S. Ahmed and Mohammed F. Menoufy , "

New Trends in Hydroprocessing Spent Catalysts

Utilization " , Book , Pertrochemicals , 249-258 , 2012.

Petroleum Applications Department

International Journals

1- Ahmed A. Farag , M.R. Noor El-Din" The adsorption

and corrosion inhibition of some nonionic surfactants

on API X65 Steel Surface in hydrochloric acid"

Corrosion Science, (64) ,174-183, 2012.

2- Ayman M Atta , Gamal A El-Mahdy ,Husein S.

Ismail and Hamad A. Al-Lohedan" Effects of Water

Soluble Rosin on the Corrosion Inhibition of Carbon

Steel" Int. J. Electrochem Sci, (7) ,11834-11846, 2012.

3- M. A. Migahed, M. A. Hegazy, A.M. Al Sabagh"

Synergistic inhibition effect between Cu2+ and

cationic Gemini surfactant on the corrosion of

downhole tubing steel during secondary oil recovery

of old wells" Corrosion science, (61)10-18, 2012.

4- Eman Y.Z. Frag, Tamer Awad Ali. Gehad G.

Mohamed , Yusra H.H. Awad" Construction of

Different Types of Ion-Selective Electrodes

Characteristic Performances and Validation for Direct

Potentiometric Determination of Orphenadrine

Citrate" Int. J Electrochem. Sci, (7) ,4443-4464,2012.

5-Amira Kamal Ibrahem ,Thanaa abdel Moghny,

Yasser Mohamed Mustafa, Nermine Elsyed Maysour,

farida Mohamed saad El Din El Dars , Reham Farouk

Hassan" Degradation of Trichloroethylene

Contaminated Soil by Zero-Valent Iron Nanopatricles"

International Scholarly Research Network, (2012)9P,

2012.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 55


6- Eslam Soliman, Usama F. Kandil, Mahmoud Reda

Taha" Limiting Shear Creep of epoxy adhesive at the

FRP-Concrete interface using multi-walled carbon

nanotubes" International J. Of Adhesion & Adhesives,

(33) ,36-44, 2012.

7- Gehad G. Mohamed, Tamer Awad Ali, M.F. El-

Shahat,M.A. Migahed and A.M. Al-Sabagh" Novel

screen-printed electrode for the determination of

dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide in water

samples" Drug testing and analysis, (3). 2012.

8 Ayman M. Atta" Synthesis and Characterization of

Novel Core- Shell Magnetic Nanogels Based on 2-

Acrylamido-2-Methylpropane Sulfonic Acid in

Aqueous Media" Journal of Applied Polymer Science,

(124) ,3276-3285, 2012.

9- Shimaa M. Elsaeed, Reem K. Farag, Nermien S.

Maysour" Synthesis and Characterization of pH-

Sensitive Crosslinked (NIPA-Co-AAC) Nanohydrogels

Copolymer" Journal of Applied Polymer Science,

(124), 1947-1955, 2012

10- A. M. Al- Sabagh , Mostafa M. Emara , M. R. Noor

El-Din, W.R. Aly" Water – in –Diesel Fuel

Nanoemulsions Prepared by high energy: Emulsion

Drop size and stability, and emission characteristics"

J. Surfact Deterg, (15) ,139-145,2012

11- Ayman M.Atta, Husein S. Ismail , Ashraf M.

Elsaaed" Application of Anionic Acrylamide-Based

Hydrogels in the Removal of Heavy Metals From

Waste Water" J. Of Applied Polymer Science, (123),

2500-2510, 2012

12- M.A. Migahed , Ahmed A. Farag ,S.M. ElSaed, R.

Kamal ,and H.Abd El-Bary" Corrosion Inhibition of

Steel Pipelines in Oil Well Formation Water by a New

Family of Nonionic Surfactants" Chem .Eng.Comm,

(199) ,1335-1356, 2012.

13- Salah A. Mohamad, Nehal S.Ahmed, Saeed

M.Hassanein, Ahmed M. Rashad" Investigation of

Polyacrylates Copolymers as lube oil viscosity index

improvers" Journal of Petroleum Science and

Engineering, 100 (2012) 173- 177, 2012.

14- Eslam M. Soliman , Usama F.Kandil , Mahmoud

M. Reda Taha" The Significance of Carbon nanotubes

on Styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) and SBR modified

mortar" Materials and Structures, (45) ,803-816

,2012

15- A.M. Al-Sabagh, N. G. Kandile, Nahed Amer,

Omaima Ramadan, and E. A. Khamis" Quaternary

ammonium salts from hydrolyzed fatty oil based on

novel tertiary Amines Used as Corrosion inhibitors for

Pipelines Carbon Steel at Acid Job in Petroleum

industry" J. Of Dispersion Science and Technology,

(33)1-14, 2012.

16- Nehal S. Ahmed, Amal M. Nassar, Rabab M.

Nasser, Ahmed F. Khattab, and Abdel-Azim A. Abdel-

Azim " Synthesis and Evaluation of some Polymers as

Lubricating Oil Additives " J. Of Dispersion Science

and Technology, (33)1-8, 2012

17- A.M.Al-Sabagh, Mostafa M. Emara, M.R. Noor El-

Din, and W.R. Aly" Preparation of water- in –Diesel

fuel nanoemulsions using high-energy emulsification

method and a study of some of their surface active

properties" J. Of Dispersion Science and Technology,

(33) , 970-976,2012

18- M.R. Noor El-Din and A.M. Al-Sabagh"

Preparation of Water- in –Hexane Nanoemulsions

Using Low Energy Emulsification Method" J. Of

Dispersion Science and Technology, (33), 68-74, 2012.

19- M.R. Nour El-Din, A. M. Al-Sabagh and M. A.

Hegazy" Study of the Inhibition Efficiency for some

novel surfactants on the carbon steel (type H-11)

Pipelines in 0.5 M HCI Solution by potentiodynamic

technique" J. Of Dispersion Science and Technology,

(33) 1444-1451,2012 .

20- A. M. Al-Sabagh, Nadia G. Kandile, Rasha A. El-

Ghazawy, M.R. Noor El-Din and E.A. El-Sharaky"

Novel polymerizable Nonionic Surfactants (Surfmers)

Corporate with Alkenylsuccinic Anhydride: Synthesis ,

Surface, and Thermodynamic Properties" J. Of

Dispersion Science and Technology, (33), 1458-

1469,2012.

21- A.M. Al-Sabagh, T.M. Khalil ,M.W. Sabaa , T.T.

Khidr ,G.R.Saad" Poly(n-Alkyl itaconate-co-viny l

Acetate) as Pour Point Depressants for Lube Oil in

Relation to Rheological Flow Properties" J. Of

Dispersion Science and Technology, (33)1649-1660,

2012.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 56


22- Manar El-Sayed Abdel-Raouf" Biodegradable

Polyoxyethylenated Pentaerythritol Quaternary

esters as Oil Spill Dispersants" Tenside Surfactants

Detergents, (49) 2 , 114-123, 2012.

23- Ahmed M. Al-Sabagh, Salah A. Khalil, Abdellatif

Abdelrahman, Notaila M. Nasser, Mahmoud R.Noor

Eldin, Marwa R. Mishrif and Mohamed El-Shafie"

Investigation of Oil and Emulsion Stability of Locally

Prepared metalworking fluids" Industrial Lubrication

and Tribology, (64) 6 ,346-358, 2012.

24- E.R. Souaya, S.A. El-kholy, A.M. Abd El-Rahman ,

M. Elshafie, Z.L. Abo-Shanb" Evaluation and

application of Surfactants Synthesized from asphalt

components" Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, (21)1,

45-54, 2012.

25- Th. Abdel-Moghny ,Ramadan S. A. Mohamed

,E.El-Sayed, Shoukry Mohamed Aly , Moustafa Gamal

Snousy" Removing of hydrocarbon Contaminated Soil

via air Flushing enhanced by surfactant" Applied

Petrochemical Research, (1) ,2012

26- A. M. AlSabagh , M.W. Sabaa , G.R. Saad , T.T.

Khidr, T. M. Khalil" Synthesis of polymeric additives

based on itaconic acid and their evaluation as pour

point depressants for lube oil in relation to

rheological flow properties" Egyptian Journal of

Petroleum, (21), 19-30, 2012

27- Al-Sabagh, A.M.Abd-El-Bary, H.M. El-Ghazawy,

R.A.Mishrif ,M.R.and Hussein , B.M." Corrosion

inhibition Efficiency of Heavy Alkyl Benzene

Derivatives For Carbon Steel Pipelines in IM HCI"

Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, (21)2, 2012.

28- A.M.AL-Sabgh ,Khalid I.Kabel ,M.R. Noor El-Din

and E.A.Elsharaky" Synthesis of Polyalkylacrylate

Nanolatexes by Microemulsion Polymerization

Method" Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, (21)2, 2012.

29- M.El-Shafie, I.M. Ibrahim and A.M.M.Abd El

Rahman" The Addition Effects of Macro and Clay on

The Performance of Asphalt Binder" Egyptian Journal

of Petroleum, (21)2, 2012.

30- A.M.M Abd El Rahman , M.El-Shafie ,and

S.A.ElKholy" Modification of Local Asphalt with Epoxy

Resin to be Used in Pavement" Egyptian Journal of

Petroleum, (21)2, 2012.

31- Manar El-Sayed Abdel-Raouf" Factors Affecting

the Stability of Crude Oil Emulsions" Crude Oil

Emulsions – Composition Stability and

Characterization Book, 1-205, 2012.

32- Th. Abdel-Moghny, Ramdan S.A. Mohamed, E.El-

Sayed, Shoukry Mohamed Aly, and Moustafa Gamal

Snousy" Effect of Soil Texture on Ramediation of

Hydrocarbons-Contaminated Soil at El-Minia District,

Upper Egypt" International Scholarly Research

Network Chemical Engineering, (2012)13P,2012.

MSc.

1-Hamdy Mohamed Nagib Hamdy " Functionalization

of Polymeric Materials used for Nanocomposite

Applications, Azhar Science,2012.

2- Ahmed Mohamed Ragab Shabaan" Preparation of

alternative nano fuel emulsions and investigation of

their physical and rheological properties, El-Monefia

Science, 2012.

3-Mohamed Said Abdel-halim Selim" Synthesis and

Characterization of Some Functional Polymers For

Using as Cement Admixtures, El-Monefia Science,

2012.

Ph.D.

1-Rabab Mohamed Elsaid Naser" The Behavior of

Some Acrylate Copolymers As Lubricating Oil

Additives,Ain Shams Science.2012

Petrochemicals Department

International Journals

1-M. A.Shenashen & Sherif A. El-Safty;"Mercury-Ion

optical sensors"; J. Trends in Analytical Chemistry,

(38), PP.98-115, 2012.

2- M. A. Shenashen;"Efficient arsenic (V) removal

from water by ligand exchange fibrous adsorbent"; J.

Water research, (46), PP. 5541-5550, 2012.

3-M. A. Hegazy, A. S. El-Tabei & H. M.

Ahmed;"Synthesis of Nonionic Surfactants and Their

EPRI Annual Report 2012 57


Inhibitive Action on Carbon Steel in Hydrochloric

Acid"; J. Corrosion Science, (64), Pp. 115-125, 2012.

4-Nabil A. Negm, E. A. Badr, I. A. Aiad & M. M. Said;

"Investigation the Inhibitory Action of Novel

diquaternary Schiff dibases on the acid dissolution of

carbon steel in 1 M hydrochloric acid solution";

Corrosion Science; (65), PP. 77-86, 2012.

5-Nabil A. Negm, Nadia G. Kandil, Emad A. Badr &

Mohamed A. Mohamed; "Gravimetric and

Electrochemical Evaluation of Environmentally

Friendly Nonionic Corrosion Inhibitors for Carbon

Steel in 1 M HCL"; Corrosion Science; (65), PP. 94-

103, 2012.

6-M. A. Hegazy, Ali M. Hasan, m. M. Emara, Mostafa

F. Bakr & Ahmed H. youssif;" Evaluating Four

Synthesized Schiff bases as Corrosion Inhibitors on

the Carbon Steel in 1 M Hydrochloric acid"; Corrosion

Science; (65), PP. 67-76, 2012.

7-M. A. Hegazy, A. S. El-Tabei, A. H. Bedair & M. A.

Sadeq;"An Investigation of Three Novel Nonionic

Surfactants as Corrosion Inhibitor for Carbon Steel in

0.5 M H2SO4"; Corrosion Science (54), PP. 219-230,

2012.

8-Fatma Z.Yahia, Nadia G. Kandile, Abdelfatah M.

Badawi, Amr H. Mady; "Glutamic Acid Modified

Fenton System for Degradation of Btex

Contamination";Clean –Soil, Air, Water,PP 1-6 2012.

9-Galal Hosni Sayed, Ferial Mohamed Ghuiba,

Mohamed Ibrahim Abdou, Emad Abdel Aatty Badr,

Salah Mohamed Tawfik & Nabel Abdel Moneem

Negm;"Synthesis, Surface and Thermodynamic

Parameters of Some Biodegradable nonionic

Surfactants Derived from Tannic Acid"; Colloids and

Surface A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects,

(393), pp. 96-104, 2012.

10- Salwa Mostafa, Tarek Agag, Ahmed Akelah,

Ahmed Rehab and Salwa Mostafa;"Flexible

Polybenzoxazine Thermosets Containing Pendent

Aliphatic Chains"; Polym Int, 2012.

11-A.M.Badawi, A.A.Fahmy,karima A. Mohamed, M.

R.Noor El-din & M. G. Riad, "The Effect of Different

Ethoxylations for Sorbitan Monolaurate on Enhancing

simultaneous Saccharification &fermentation (SSF) of

Wheat Straw to Ethanol,"Appl. Biochem.

Biotechnol,(166) pp.22-35,2012.

12-M. A. Shenashen, A. Ashery, A. A. M.

Farag;"Optical absorbtion and Dispersion analysis

based on single-oscillator model of polypyrrole (ppy)

thin film"; J. Synthetic metals, (162), PP. 1357-1363,

2012.

13-Philippe Collery, Ahmed Mohsen, Anthony

Kermagoret, Jean D'Anglo, Georges Morgan, Didier

Desmaele, Alain tomas, Thomas collary, Ming Wei &

Abdelfattah Badawi;"Combination of three metals for

The Treatment of cancer: gallium, Rhenium and

Platinum.1. determination of the Optimal Schedule of

treatment"; Anticancer research, (32), Pp. 2769-2782,

2012.

14-Galal Hosni Sayed, Ferial Mohamed Ghuiba,

Mohamed Ibrahim abdou, Eman Abdel Atty Badr,

Salah M. tawfik & nabil Abdel Moneem

Negm;"Synthesis, Surface, Thermodynamic

Properties of Some Biodegradable Vanillin-Modified

polyoxyethylene Surfactants";J. Surfact. Deterg. ,(15),

PP. 735-743, 2012.

15-Ismail Aiad, Mohamed M. El-Sukkary, Ali El-Deeb,

Moshira Y. El-Awady & Samy M. Shaban;"Surface and

Biological Activity of Some Prepared Iminium

Surfactants Based on Schiff Bases"; J. Surfact. Detrg.;

2012.

16-N.A.Negm, S.M.Tawfik,"Studies of Monolayer and

Mixed Micelle Formation of Anionic and Nanionic

Surfactants in the Presence of Adenosine-5-

Monophosphate" J.Solution Chem, 41, pp.335-350,

2012.

17-Ismail A. Aiad, Abdelfatah M. Badawi, Mohamed

M. El-Sukkary, Abdallah A. El-Sawy & Ahmed I.

Adawy;"Synthesis & Biocidal Activity of Some

EPRI Annual Report 2012 58


Naphtalene-Based Cationic Surfactants"; J. Surfat.

Deterg., (15), pp. 223-234, 2012.

18-Gamal R. Saad , Moataz A. Elsawy & Maher Z .

Elsabee; "Preparation , Characterization and

Antimicrobial activity of Poly (3-Hydroxybutyrate-co-

3-Hydroxyvalerate)-g-Poly (N-Vinylpyrrolidone)

Copolymers"; Polymer- Plastics Technology&

Engineering, (51),PP.1113-1121, 2012.

19- A. I. Khalaf & E. M. Sadek;"Compatibility Study in

Natural Rubber and maize starch Blends"; journal of

Applied Polymer Science, (125), Pp. 959-967; 2012.

20-O. I. H. Dimitry & A. L. G. Saad; "Studies of Particle

Dispersion in Plasticized Poly (Vinyl Chloride) /

Montmorillonite Nanocomposites"; Journal of

Applied Polymer Science, V. 123, PP. 1407-1420,

2012.

21-Amaly M. Hassan, Mona A. Youssif, Azza M.

Mazrouaa, rehab M. Abou Shahba & Maha A. E.

Youssif;'Evaluation of The Dielectric Properties of

grease Containing Copolymers and Ester"; J. Applied

Polymer Science, (125), Pp.1439-1447, 2012.

22-Fawzia I. El-Dib, Wafaa M. Sayed, Saher M. Ahmed

& Mohamed El-Kodary; "Synthesis of Polyaniline

Nanostructures in Micellar Solutions"; Journal of

Applied Polymer Science, 2012.

23- Salah M.Tawfik, Atef Sayed, Ismail

Aiad,"Corrosion Inhibition by Some Cationic

Surfactants In Oil Fields";J. Surfacts Deterg, 2012.

24-Ismail Aiad, Mohamed M. El-Sukkary, Ali El-Deeb,

Moshira Y. El-Awady & Samy M. Shaban; "Surface

Properties, Thermodynamic Aspects and

Antimicrobial Activity of Some Novel Iminium

Surfactants"; Journal of Surfactant and Detergents,

2012.

25-Nabel A. Negm, Ahmed F. M. El-farargy, Dalia

Emam Mohamed & Haytham N.

Mohamed;"Environmentally Friendly Nonionic

Surfactants Derived from Tannic Acid: Synthesis,

Characterization & Surface Activity"; J. Surfact.

Deterg.; 15(4); Pp. 433-443, 2012.

26-M. A. Shenashen, A. A. M. Farag, A.

Ashery;"Optical Absorption and spectrophotomatric

studies on the optical constants and dielectric of poly

(o-Toluidine) (POT) Films grown by spin coating

deposition"; J.Physica B, (407), PP. 2404-2411, 2012.

27- E. M. Sadek & D. E. El-Nashar;"Preparation &

Characterization of Nitrile, Butadiene and Rubbernanoclay

composites with maleic acid anhydride as

Compatibilizer, part II: Physico-mechanical Properties

and thermo-oxidative aging"; J. High Performance

Polymers, 24(7), pp. 664-670, 2012.

28- E. M. Sadek & D. E. El-Nashar;"Preparation &

Characterization of Nitrile Butadiene Rubbernanoclay

composites with maleic acid anhydride as

Compatibilizer, part I: Rheomatric and swelling

Characteristics"; J. High Performance Polymers, 24(7),

pp. 654-663, 2012.

29-M. A. Hegazy & Al Khalaf;" Synthesis &

Characterization of cationic surfactants in the

preparation of Organobentonite and Study their

effectiveness on the properties of Styrene-butadiene

rubber/bentonite composites"; High Performance

polymers, Pp. 1-11, 2012.

30-N. A. Mansour, M. G. Mohamed, M. Yahia Abed

and Azza M. mazrouaa;"Thermal & Electrical

Properties of Nanocomposite Poly-anisidine/Metal

Oxides"; High Performance polymer, 2012.

31-Abdelfattah Mohsen Badawi ,Sahar Mustafa

Ahmed , Seham Ali Shaban , Salwa Mohamed Ibrahim

Morsy; " Nanotechnology: The Next Revolution for

Wastewater Treatment ( TNT Contaminate) ";

Destination and Water Treatment (40) PP. 1-6, 2012.

32-M. H. M. Hussein, M. F. El-Hady, W.M. Sayed & H.

Hefni;"Preparation of Some Chitosan Heavy Metal

Complexes and Study of Its Properties"; Polymer

Science A, 54(2), pp. 1-12, 2012.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 59


33-Ismail Aiad, M. H.M. Ahmed, Ahmed Hessein &

Mohamed Ali;

"Preparation, Surface, and Biological Activities of

Some Novel Metallosurfactants"; Journal of

Dispersion Science & Technology, (33), PP. 1-10,

2012.

34- A. M. Badawi, A. A. Fahmy, Karima A. Mohamed,

M. R. Noor El-Din & M. G. Riad;"Enhancement of

Ethanol Production by Simultaneous Saccharification

& fermentation (SSF) of Rice Straw Using Ethoxylated

Span 20" Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology,

(42), pp. 44-59, 2012.

35-Nabil Negm & Mohamed zaki; "Antimicrobial and

Surface Activities of Phosphate Schiff Bases";

Chemistry Today, 30 (4), 2012.

36-Azza M. Mazrouaa, M. Yahia Abed, N. A. Mansour

& M. G. Mohamed;"Synthesis and Characterization of

Poly O-Anisidine Nanoparticles and Their

Nanocomposite"; Material Science & Engineering,

1(1), Pp. 1-5, 2012.

37-O. I. H. Dimitry, W. M. Sayed & A. L. G. Saad;

"Studies of Particle Dispersion in Poly ( Methyl

Methacrylate)/Organically Modified Montmorillo-nite

Nanocomposites"; International Journal of Green

Nanotechnology, (4), Pp. 117-134, 2012.

38-Eid M. S. Azzam, a Chapter Title "Self Assembling

of Thiol Surfactants on Gold nanoparticles as New

Trend" A book Title of"Self Assembling of Thiol

Surfactants on Gold Nanoparticles as a new Trend";

2012.

39-Azza M. Mazrouaa; "Polypropylene

Nanocomposites"; A Book of polypropylene; Chapter

14; Pp. 265-286; 2012.

40- Abdelfattah Mohsen Badawi;"The Ascoric Acid

Molecule in Orthomolecular-Therapy and Prevention

of Cancer"; a chapter in a Book of Important Facts

about Cancer Prevention, 2012.

41- Abdelfattah Mohsen Badawi, Nadia Iskandar, Atef

Fahim, Rania Farag & Ahmed El-Telbany;"Chemical

Carcinogenesis"; a chapter in a Book of Important

Facts about Cancer Prevention, 2012.

42- Abdelfattah Mohsen Badawi, Nadia Iskandar, Atef

Fahim, Rania Farag & Ahmed El-Telbany;"The Rule of

Some Natural and Synthetic Compounds in Cancer

protection"; a chapter in a Book of Important Facts

about Cancer Prevention, 2012.

43- Abdelfattah Mohsen Badawi, Eman Noaman,

Nadia Iskandar, Atef Fahim, Rania Farag & Ahmed El-

Telbany;"Germanium against Cancer"; a chapter in a

Book of Important Facts about Cancer Prevention,

2012.

44- Abdelfattah Mohsen Badawi & Sahar Ahmed;"The

Role of selenium in The Chemoprevention of

Carcinogenesis"; a chapter in a Book of Important

Facts about Cancer Prevention, 2012.

45- Abdelfattah Mohsen Badawi' Philippe Collary &

Sunmali Khanna;"The Role of Metal Ions as Protecting

Against Chemical Carcinogenesis"; a chapter in a

Book of Important Facts about Cancer Prevention,

2012.

46- Abdelfattah Mohsen Badawi & Ahmed AlSabagh;"

The Role of Surfactants in Combating Cancer"; a

chapter in a Book of Important Facts about Cancer

Prevention, 2012.

47-M. M. A. El-Sukkary, N. O. Shaker, Dina A. Ismail,

Sahar M. Ahmed & Ashgan I. Awad;"Preparation &

Evaluation of Some Amide Ether Carboxylate

Surfactants"; Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, 21(1),

pp. 11-17, 2012.

48- M. M. A. El-Sukkary, N. O. Shaker, Dina A. Ismail,

Sahar M. Ahmed, M. F. Zaki & Ashgan I.

Awad;"Surface Parameter, Biodegradability &

Antimicrobial Activity of Some Amide Ether

Carboxylates Surfactants"; Egyptian Journal of

Petroleum, 21(1), pp. 37-43, 2012.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 60


Ph.D

1-Ashgan Ibrahim El Said" Preparation and Evaluation

of some Amide ether Carboxylates as a new Class of

Surfactants, Azhar Science, 2012.

Process Development Department

International Journals

1-Ahmed K. Aboul-Gheit, Mohamed S. El-Masry &

Ahmed E. Awadallah;" Oxygen Free Conversion of

Natural Gas to Useful Hydrocarbons & Hydrogen

Over Monometallic Mo and Bimetallic Mo-Fe, Mo-Co

or Mo-Ni/HZSM-5 catalysts Prepared by Mechanical

Mixing"; Fuel Processing Technology, (102), PP. 24-

29, 2012.

2-Ahmed K. Aboul-Gheit & Sameh M. Aboul-

Fotouh"Insight in Cyclohexene Hydroconversion

Process Using Catalysts Containing 0.35% pt

amorphous and Zeolite Supports"; J. The Taiwan

Institute of Chemical Engineers, (43), pp. 711-717,

2012.

3-S. F. Deriase, S. A. Ghoneim, A. S. Zakhary & A. K.

Aboul-Gheit; "The Experimental and Numerical

Approach of Catalytic Combustion on Noble Metals

Disc Burners of The Turbulent Gaseous Fuel Jet

Diffusion Flames'; Energy Sources Part A, 34:6, pp.

492-507, 2012.

4-S. F. Derias, N. Sh. El-Gendy & H. N.

Nassar;"Enhancing Biodegradation of

Dibenzothiophene by bacillus Sphaericus HN1 Using

Factorial Design and Response Surface Optimization

of Medium Components"; J. Energy Source, Part A,

(34), PP. 2073-2083, 2012.

Catalysts and Bifunctional Mo/H-ZSM-5 Zeolite

Catalyst"; Petroleum Science & Technology, (30), Pp.

893-903, 2012.

7-Emad A. shalaby & Nour Sh. ElGendy, " Two Steps

Alkaline Transesterification of Waste Cooking Oil and

Quality Assessment Of produced Biodiesel

",international journal Of chemical and Biochemical

Sciences, 1PP. 30-35, 2012.

8-Ahmed E. Awadallah, Sohair M. Abdel-Hamid, Doaa

El-Desouki, Ateyya A. Aboul-Enein & Ahmed K.

Aboul-Gheit; "Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes by

CCVD of Natural Gas Using Hydrotreating catalysts";

Egyptian Journal of Petroleum, 21(2), 2012.

9-Seham El-Temtamy & Eman M. Gabr;"Design of

Optimum Flexible Heat Exchanger networks for

Multiperiod Process"; Egyptian Journal of Petroleum,

21(2), 2012.

10- Ahmed K. Aboul-Gheit , Ateyya A. Aboul-Enein,

Salwa A. Ghoneim, Samia A. Hanafi & Ahmed E.

Awadallah; "Catalytic Para-xylene maximization Part

X: Toluene Disproportionation on HF Promoted H-

ZSM-5 Catalyst"; Egyptian Journal of Petroleum,

21(2), 2012.

Ph.D

1-Soaad Mahmud Mahmed" An Intelligent Interactive

Technique For Nonlinear Multiple Objective

Programming Problems under Uncertainty with

Application in Petroleum Industry, Information

Technology Cairo, 2012.

5-Noha A. K. Aboul-gheit & Sameh M. K. Aboulfotouh

"Effect of Hydrohalogenation of PtRe/H-ZSM-

5 for Cyclohexene Conversion"; Chinese Journal of

Catalysis, 33(4), PP. 697-705, 2012.

6- A. K. Aboul-Gheit, A. E. Awadallah, S. M. Abdel-

Hamid, A. A. Aboul-Enein & D. S. El-Desouki; "Direct

Conversion of Natural gas to Petrochemicals Using

Monofunctional Mo/Sio2 and H-ZSM-5 Zeolite

EPRI Annual Report 2012 61


EPRI Annual Report 2012 62


Top 5 (High Impact Factor)

Mercury-ion optical sensors

Trends in analytical chemistry,vol.38,2012

Sherif A. El-Safty, 2, M.A. Shenashen1

The toxicity of mercury (Hg) to humans,

including damage to the nervous system, is well

known. Hg cannot be degraded into non-toxic

compounds or other elements. It is released

mainly through mining, industries, and fossil fuel

combustion. Anthropogenic and natural

activities, such as volcanoes, transform

elemental Hg (Hg0) into its ionic form [Hg(II)],

which bioaccumulates in biota and is

biomagnified in the food chain, notably in

aquatic environments.

With regard to proximal sensing, we consider

controlled assessment processes that involve

the evaluation of intrinsic properties (e.g., signal

change, long-term stability, adsorption

efficiency, extraordinary sensitivity, selectivity,

and reusability).

This study provides evidence that miniaturized

mesosensor strips can revolutionize consumer

and industrial markets with the introduction of

ion-sensor strips.

This critical report aims to control Hg(II)-ion

toxicity through risk assessment, recognition,

and removal via high-level waste management.

We first discuss successful and up-to-date

developments in different techniques, designs

and studies that are potentially useful in

enhancing the effectiveness of control of Hg(II)-

ion toxicity.

The key to design optical nanosensors is to

construct chromophore and fluorophore

receptors as nanoscale platform scavengers

with different functional characteristics (e.g.,

density, accessibility, and intrinsic mobility),

which allow for easy, reliable signaling in

continuous monitoring modes.

We highlight a Technique that depends on the

use of engineering mesocage materials that

have multidirectional cavities and microsized,

particle-like monoliths to control the

adsorption/detection of toxic metal ions,

especially Hg(II) ions.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 63


Top 5 (High Impact Factor)

Direct synthesis and the morphological control of highly ordered

mesoporous AlSBA-15 using urea-tetrachloroaluminate as a

novel aluminum source

Journal of Material Chemistry

Mohamed A. Betiha , Hassan M. A. Hassan , Ahmed M. Al-Sabagh , Abd El Rahman S.

Khder and Emad A. Ahmed

The synthesis of AlSBA-15 under mild acidic

conditions was performed through adjusting the

molar H2O/HCl ratio, which indicates the

formation of Si–O–Al linkages that lead to

isomorphous substitution of Si4+ by some Al3+

ions. In this paper, the direct incorporation of

Al3+ onto a SBA-15 framework in acid mediated

synthesis with a nSi/nAl molar ratio of 7 was

optimized using urea tetrachloroaluminate ionic

liquid as a new aluminum source. The

hydrothermal temperature was varied from 80 to

140 °C and the samples were denoted as

AlSBA-15(Ux). The conventional AlSBA-15 also

was prepared using direct synthesis [AlSBA-

15(D)] and post synthesis [AlSBA-15(P)] aiming

to study the influence of aluminum sources and

preparation conditions on their structural,

textural, and physicochemical properties. The

synthesized materials were characterized by N2

physisorption, XRD, FT-IR, Py-FT-IR, NH3-TPD,

XRF, HRTEM and SEM. All preparation

methods led to the formation of aluminum

containing SBA-15 samples with different Si/Al

contents.

The effectiveness of AlSBA-15, as an acid

catalyst, was studied for the esterification of

acetic acid with butanol and cumene cracking.

The high activity of AlSBA-15(U100) is attributed

to its good ordered structure and high acidity.

Nevertheless, depending on the preparation

methods, the AlSBA-15 samples exhibited

different structural, morphology, and surface

characteristics, especially in terms of Brønsted

and Lewis acid site content. AlSBA-15(U100)

had high surface area (813 m2 g−1) and high

acidity. TEM images of synthesized AlSBA-

15(U100) showed well-ordered hexagonal

arrays of uniform cylindrical channels.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 64


Top 5 (High Impact Factor)

Efficient arsenic(V) removal from water by ligand exchange

fibrous adsorbent

Md. Rabiul Awuala, c, M.A. Shenashenb, Tsuyoshi Yaitaa, Hideaki

Shiwakua, Akinori Jyo

Water research 46(2012)554I-5550

This study is an efficient arsenic(V) removal from

contaminated waters used as drinking water in

adsorption process by zirconium(IV) loaded ligand

exchange fibrous adsorbent. The bifunctional

fibers contained both phosphonate and sulfonate

groups. The bifunctional fiber was synthesised by

graft polymerization of chloromethylstyrene onto

polyethylene coated polypropylene fiber by

means of electron irradiation graft polymerization

technique and then desired phosphonate and

sulfonate groups were introduced by Arbusov

reaction followed by phosphorylation and

sulfonation. Arsenic(V) adsorption was clarified in

column methods with continuous flow operation in

order to assess the arsenic(V) removal capacity in

various conditions.

The adsorption efficiency was evaluated in

several parameters such as competing ions

(chloride and sulfate), feed solution acidity, feed

flow rate, feed concentration and kinetic

performances at high feed flow rate of trace

concentration arsenic(V). Arsenic(V) adsorption

was not greatly changed when feed solutions pH

at 3.0–7.0 and high breakthrough capacity was

observed in strong acidic area below pH 2.2.

Increasing the flow rate brings a decrease both

breakthrough capacity and total adsorption.

Trace level of arsenic(V) (0.015 mM) in

presence of competing ions was also

removed at high flow rate (750 h−1) with high

removal efficiency. Therefore, the adsorbent is

highly selective to arsenic(V) even in the

presence of high concentration competing ions.

The adsorbent is reversible and reusable in many

cycles without any deterioration in its original

performances. Therefore, Zr(IV) loaded ligand

exchange adsorbent is to be an effective means

to treat arsenic(V) contaminated water efficiently

and able to safeguard the human health

EPRI Annual Report 2012 65


Top 5 (High Impact Factor)

Gravimetric and electrochemical evaluation of

environmentally friendly nonionic corrosion

inhibitors for carbon steel in 1 M HCl

Corrosion science

Nabel A. Negm, Nadia G. Kandile, Emad A. Badr, Mohammed A.

Mohammed

Four environmentally friendly corrosion inhibitors

were derived from vanillin and were evaluated

gravimetrically and electrochemically as

corrosion inhibitors for carbon steel in 1 M HCl.

The inhibition efficiencies of these inhibitors were

depending on their concentration and the

chemical structures.

The adsorption of these inhibitors was found to

obey Langmuir adsorption model. Polarization

measurements showed the mixed type behavior

of these inhibitors, which inhibits the cathodic

and anodic parts of the corrosion reaction in 1 M

HCl

EPRI Annual Report 2012 66


Top 5 (High Impact Factor)

On surfactant–polymer association and its effect on

the corrosion behavior of carbon steel in cyclohexane

propionic acid

Corrosion science

M.A. Deyab, S.S. Abd El-Rehim

The inhibitive properties of cationic surfactant

(CS) in the presence of copolymer (CP) at

different conditions on the corrosion of carbon

steel in cyclohexane propionic acid (CHPA) were

studied using polarization, conductivity and EIS

measurements. CS acts as an inhibitor for

dissolution of carbon steel in CHPA.

At low pH (3.4–4) and in the absence of Cl− ion

the association between CS and CP is weak.

Increasing the pH value (>4) or addition of KCl to

the solution increases both CMC value and

corrosion inhibition efficiency of CS indicating the

association between surfactant and copolymer

molecules is increased.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 67


EPRI Annual Report 2012 68


Citation Index of Distinguished Professors

Name

*Citation

Index

*Number Of

Cited Documents

**impact factors

2010 2011 2012 Average

*hindex

*Coauthor

1996-2013

Prof.Dr.Abdel-Azzim

A. Abdel-Azzim

8;; 41 383 1.813 0.795 0.720 1.109 :7 1141 -4


EPRI Annual Report 2012 70


Agreements

Internal Agreements:

1- The Egyptian Petrochemicals Holding Company (Echem) for Technical Cooperation This MOU sets out

the terms according to which the Parties intended to technical cooperate in petrochemical industries and

new technology applications in Egypt.

2- The Engineering for the Petroleum and Process Industries (ENPPI)

MOU shall be implemented between ENPPI and EPRI in the fields of This

1-Methanol+ Gasoline blend

2-DME +LPG

3-DME+ Diesel

3- Egyptian Universities; Al Mansoura University

International agreements

1- Scientific protocol between The Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI) , New Mexico University

in USA

This protocol is the result of discovering the unique opportunities of Nanotechnology and analysis especially

in the field of polymers to develop new materials of unique properties for civil infrastructure and oil and gas

applications

2- Memorandum of understanding between IFP Energies Nouvelles in France and The Egyptian Petroleum

Research Institute (EPRI)

IFPEN and EPRI recognise that they have many interests in common and that there will be mutual

benefits from collaboration and co-operation. This Memorandum provides the mechanism through

which the expressed intent of the parties can be realised.

3- A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) bet. Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (Egypt) and the

Central Oil Labs – The Sudanese Establishment for Petroleum (Sudan)

This MOU is emphasizes on the enforcement of the scientific & technical co-operation, in the field of

petroleum between Egypt & Sudan. This MOU provides the mechanism through which the expressed

intent of the parties can be realized.

EPRI Annual Report 2012

71


EPRI Annual Report 2012 72


EPRI researchers attended (14) conferences internationally in many countries of the world

Switzerland,Saudi Arabia, Canada, Holland, Turkey, India, Germany).Besides,(8)

conferences locally.

International Conferences

1- "Symposium Hydrogen &Energy, Stoos"

– Switzerland

Research field

"Development of Alkylation's of Toluene

with Methanol for Fuel on Modified ZSM-

5 Zeolites by Amphoteric Surfactant ”

2- 5 th Saudi Science Conference, Saudi Arabia

Research field

" Density Functional Theory, Biological

Activity of Metalworking Fluids of

1,3,4 Thiadiazole Substituent and its

copper Nanocomposite Catalyst"

Research field

"Synthesis and Characterization of N-

Vinyl Imidazole/Poly(vinyl alcohol)

nanogels as Corrosion Inhibitor for

Mild Steel in 1M HCI"

Research field

"Oxgen Free Conversion of Natural

Gas to Useful Hydrocarbonsans

Hydrogen Using Monometallic Mo

and Bimetallic Mo-Fe, Mo-Co or Mo-

Ni/HZSM-5 Catalysts Prepared by

Mechanical MIxing"

Research field

"Applications of some Nonionic

surfactants as Corrosion Inhibitors for

Carbon Steel and Pour Point Depressant

of Middle Distillate Fuel Oil"

Research field

" Monitoring of Hydrogen Produced from

Ethanol Steam Reforming Reaction

Using Ni/CeO2Cata;yst by Gas

Chromatography "

3- "Well Stimulation and EOR WSEOR-2012"

X ian , China

Research field

" Mathematical Modeling of

MicrobialEnhanced Oil Recovery"

4- 19 th International Symposium on

Surfactants in Solution - Albetra, Canada

Research field

"Mixed Micellization and Interfacial

Behavior of Two Novel Cationic Gemini

Surfactants and Cationic, anionic and

Nonionic Conventional Surfactants"

5- 15th International Congress on Catalysis

Munich, Germany

EPRI Annual Report 2012 73


Research field

" "Dehydrogenation of Ethylbenzene to

Styrene Over Supported Transition Metal

Phthalocyanine Complexes"

6-Colloids and Nonomedicine 201

Amsterdam, Holland

Research field

"The Inhibitive Effect of some Quantum

Chemical Parameters of Cationic

Surfactants on the Corrosion of Carbon

Steel in 1 MHC1"

7- The 10 th Conference on Colloid Chemistr

Hungary

Research field

"Synthesis and Characterization Some of

Conducting Polymers and their Complexed

Compounds"

8- "Modest 2012Modification,Degradation

and Stabilization of Polymers" Barg - Czech

Republic

Research field

Preparation and Properties of Plasticized

Poly (vinyl Chloride /Organically Modified

Montmorillonite Nanocompositess

9- International Conference " Green Health

2012" Bombay - India

Research field

The Possible Protective Effect of Some

Antioxidants on Chemically Induced

Hepatocarcinoma.

The Role of Surfactants in Combating Cancer.

10- The European Corrosion Congress

EUROCORR 2012) Istanbul , Turkey

Research field

" Structure Effect on Corrosion Inhibition

Efficiency of Some Amine Derivatives for

Carbon Steel in Acidic Media using

Electrochemical and Quantum Theory

Methods. "

Research field

" Corrosion inhibition of Carbon Steel in

Oil Wells Formation Water using a New

Family of Non Ionic Surfactants Based on

Tolyltriazole "

11- GEOPHY CONFERENCE AND OIL AND

GAS EXHIBITION 2012" SICAL " - Turkey

Research field

"Role of Potential Field Data Modeling

for Inferring The Hydrocarbon-lean Basins

and Ridges System of The Eastern Region

of Yemen"

Research field

"Geothermal Modeling for Bahariya

Formation of Bassel-1x Welll,Northern

Desert,Egypt,By Using Well LOGS

Analysis"

12-"International Conference on

Nanostructures Nanomaterial and

Nanoengineering"

Research field

"Hydrophilic Functionalized Bi-layered

Polymer Magnetic Core/Shell: Preparation

and Characterization"

EPRI Annual Report 2012 74


Local Conferences

المؤتمر -1

الدولى الرابع لتكنولوجيا النانو لإلنشاء األخضر والمستدام

2- The 8 th scientific conference on “Environmnt,development

and bio information”

3- The "6 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE CHEMICAL AND

ENVIROMENTAL ENGINEERING ( ICEE)"

(2012 INFOS‏)المؤتمر الدولى الثامن للمعلومات واألنظمة -4

5- The "1 st International Conference on Advanced Basic and

Applied Science"

6- The " 11 th International School and Workshop of

Crystallography on Marco –Molecular Structure of Biological

and Non- Biological Materials"

7- The "30 th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON Materials

Science and Applications & WORKSHOP ON Functional

Materials"

8- The "2 nd International Conference (30 th Annual)

on Corrosion Mitigation and surface protection Technologies

EPRI Annual Report 2012 75


The Annual Event

The International Conference on Petroleum, Mineral

Resources and Development

The 15 th International Conference on

Petroleum, Mineral Resources and

Development held in 8-10 April 2012

brought together in one location varied

groups of people with different

prospective, experiences and knowledge

in common areas of work where petrol

and development intersect and with over

400 registrants in a congenial

atmosphere.

The conference program included

workshops, and oral presentations

covering the following topics: energy

conservation, role of natural gas, Biofuels,

catalysis, applied and organic chemistry,

nanotechnology and physical, analytical

chemistry.

EPRI provided a high- quality exhibition

space which was a tool show for all the

participating companies and a valuable

communicating channel .All companies

were invited to present their projects’

designs and recent equipment to the

conference’s delegates.

EPRI has consistently managed to

hold the conference every year. By

the2013“The International Conference on

Petroleum, Mineral Resources and

Development” will be organized in Feb.10-

12.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 76


Conference Recommendations

The15 th International Conference on Petroleum, Mineral

Resources and Development

The outcome of the conference was 140 scientific researches which resulted in

the following:

1- Foster the benefits of modern application of the biotechnology in treating

the water and soil from petroleum pollutants and the production of

biodiesel

2- Enhance the researches and studies in the field of energy consumption

reservation.

3- To get the best use of natural gas and develop researches of petrochemicals

fields.

4- Support nanotech researches in all fields; production of nano carbon and

developing petrochemicals industry.

5- Focusing on studies of new and renewable energy, petroleum alternatives to

face petrol shortage such as: Ethanol from agricultural wastes, distilleries

alike petroleum products from plastic production of diesel from non edible

oils.

6- As EPRI is considered as an expertise house helping the petroleum sector

linking the applied researches with the petroleum sector problems through

organizing a committee between EPRI and EGPC. Sectors such as Refinery,

Production , Drilling, Petrochemicals ,Technical services and Nano-tech are

members of that in such committee

7- Studying and exploring places where natural gas is found between nonporous

clay layers.

EPRI Annual Report 2012 77


EPRI Annual Report 2012 78


EPRI Products

EPRI Annual Report 2012 79


EPRI Annual Report 2012 80


EPRI Annual Report 2012 81


https://www.epri.sci.eg

E-mail: research@epri.sci.eg

Tel: (202)22747917-22747847

Fax:(202) 22747433

Copy Right © 2012

EPRI-Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute

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