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NOTE: YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR LAB REPORTS FOR ALL SYNTHESIS LABS. YOU
ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR WRITING LAB REPORTS FOR TECHNIQUE LABS. THIS
WILL BE REITERATED AT THE TIME OF EACH SYNTHESIS EXPERIMENT.
Insert a reaction scheme that describes your experiment above and type your abstract here. An
abstract is a short summary of the experiment. It is not an introduction (that is the next section);
it is a concise description of both the procedure and the results. It should be three or four
sentences. No references are necessary here.
Write at least two paragraphs describing the background and applications of the reaction that
you performed. Include at least three references from primary chemical literature (no
websites). 1 Be sure to format your references according to the ACS style (see the link on the
course website). 2 Good introductions typically contain a figure that helps to describe the
background material. 3
Figure 1. Mechanism of toluene nitration
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You must discus the mechanism of the reaction and include an original figure, drawn by you—
not cut-and-pasted from a website. Be very careful to write this section in your own words. We
will be watching closely for plagiarism. If you have any questions about what constitutes
plagiarism, refer to this website: http://www.plagiarism.org/.
Clearly and succinctly describe what you did in the experiment. DO NOT USE FIRST
PERSON. Use a figure to show the reaction (often the same figure used in the abstract) and
draw a table to show the amounts of reagents used (taken from your laboratory notebook).
Figure 2. Synthesis of dinitrotoluene
Table 1. Reagent Table
Reagent Toluene Nitric Acid Sulfuric Acid
Equivalents XX XX XX
Molecular Weight /
XX XX XX
Moles (or mmol) XX XX XX
Amount used XX XX XX
Discussion and Conclusion
Discuss your observations and the outcome of the reaction. Be sure to calculate percent yield
and comment on any errors that may have contributed to a lower-than-expected yield.
If spectra were acquired, present a table showing how the peaks can be assigned to your
compound. Attach spectra to the back of this report.
Write a simple conclusion. No more than one or two sentences.
1 Reference 1 (be sure to use ACS format: http://library.williams.edu/citing/styles/acs.php)
2 Reference 2
3 Reference 3