Form 3 English Test Test 4: Inferring meaning from written ... - Pearson

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Form 3 English Test Test 4: Inferring meaning from written ... - Pearson

Form 3 English Test

Test 4: Inferring meaning from written texts

Total: 30 marks

Name: _________________________________ Date: ____________________

The s

Read the story below and then answer the questions that follow.

The magic of the baobab tree

Regarded as the largest succulent plant in the world, the baobab tree is steeped in a wealth

of mystique, legend and superstition, wherever it occurs in Africa. It is a tree that can

provide food, water, shelter and relief from sickness.

Description

The main stem of larger baobab trees may reach enormous proportions of up to 28 m in

girth, although baobab trees seldom exceed a height of 25 m. The massive, usually squat

cylindrical trunk gives rise to thick tapering branches resembling a root-system, which is why

it has often been referred to as the upside-down tree. This tree is slow-growing, mainly due

to the low rainfall it receives.

Distribution

The baobab tree is found in areas of South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique and

other tropical African countries where suitable habitat occurs. It is restricted to hot, dry

woodland on stony, well-drained soils, in frost-free areas that receive low rainfall.

Ecology

Bats primarily pollinate its large white flowers at night, although many different insects and

other creatures, such as swarms of bees and flocks of birds, will visit the sweetly-scented

flowers. The flowers, being white, are more visible at night and, being sweetly scented, also

help to attract a wide variety of potential pollinators.

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English Test 4

© Pearson Botswana. Permission is given to photocopy these pages for school use.


Rainwater often collects in the clefts of the large branches, and travellers and local people

often use this valuable source of water. It has been recorded that in some cases, the centre

of the tree is purposely hollowed out to serve as a reservoir for water during the rainy

season.

Many references have made mention of the exceptional vitality of this tree, noting that

even after the entire tree is cut down, it simply resprouts from the root and continues to

grow; the same is noted of trees that have been blown over in storms.

Determining the age of baobabs

There is much speculation about the age of certain large baobab trees and their rate of

growth. More recent work using carbon-dating techniques, as well as the study of core

samples showing growth rings, suggest that a tree with a diameter of 10 m may be as old as

2 000 years.

1. Identify which statements about the baobab tree are true or false.

a) The baobab tree grows well in areas of Africa that receive a high rainfall. (1)

_______________

b) Bats are attracted by the white flowers of the baobab tree. (1)

_______________

c) The baobab tree is called the inside-out tree. (1)

_______________

d) A tree with a diameter of 10 m is believed to be about 2 000 years old. (1)

_______________

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English Test 4

© Pearson Botswana. Permission is given to photocopy these pages for school use.


e) The baobab is a small tree. (1)

_______________ [5]

2. Write down the meaning of the words in bold by working out their meanings

from the context in which they are used in the sentences.

a) The main stem of larger baobab trees may reach enormous proportions

of up to 28 m in girth, although baobab trees seldom exceed a height of

25 m. (1)

________________________________________________________________

b) The massive, usually squat cylindrical trunk gives rise to thick tapering

branches resembling a root-system. (2)

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

c) Rainwater often collects in the clefts of the large branches. (1)

________________________________________________________________

d) After the entire tree is cut down, it simply resprouts from the root and

continues to grow (1)

________________________________________________________________ [5]

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English Test 4

© Pearson Botswana. Permission is given to photocopy these pages for school use.


3. The order of the following sentences has been jumbled. Re-order the

sentences to form a paragraph about the superstitions surrounding baobab

trees. (10)

a) Because of these legends and superstitions, when inhabitants move from

one area to another, they often take seeds of the baobab with them,

which they plant at their new homestead.

b) There are many legends and superstitions surrounding the baobab tree.

c) It is also believed that water in which the seeds have been soaked will

offer protection against attacks by crocodiles.

d) One example of this is the fact that, in some parts, that the baobab is

worshipped as a symbol of fertility.

e) Another superstition among certain people is that spirits inhabit the

flowers of the baobab and that any person who picks a flower will be

eaten by a lion.

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________

4. Below is a list of nouns. In each case, identify whether the noun is an

abstract noun, a common noun, a proper noun or a collective noun. (10)

a) vitality _____________________________________________________

b) Botswana ___________________________________________________

c) swarm _____________________________________________________

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English Test 4

© Pearson Botswana. Permission is given to photocopy these pages for school use.


d) tree _______________________________________________________

e) Africa ______________________________________________________

f) bat ________________________________________________________

g) flower _____________________________________________________

h) wealth _____________________________________________________

i) flock _______________________________________________________

j) pulp _______________________________________________________

[Total: 30]

5/5

English Test 4

© Pearson Botswana. Permission is given to photocopy these pages for school use.

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