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Country Profile: Bangladesh pdf version - United Nations in ...

Country Profile: Bangladesh pdf version - United Nations in ...

Country Profile: Bangladesh pdf version - United Nations in

Country Profile: Bangladesh Bangladesh is located in Southern Asia, bordered by India to the north, west and east, Myanmar to the southeast, and the Bay of Bengal to the south. The country’s total land area is 143,998 sq. km 1 , and occupies one of the largest river deltas in the world. Its topography is comprised of fertile alluvial plains and an extensive network of rivers. The country became a sovereign nation in 1971 following a nine month war of liberation. Since independence, efforts to lower population growth rates through effective family planning, community advocacy and education have been very successful. Currently, with a population of approximately 152.5 million, Bangladesh is among the most densely populated countries in the world 2 . The literacy rate stands at 56% 3 (15 years and above) and 98% speak the Bangla language. The majority of the population are Muslim (around 88%), with the remaining percentage a mixture of Christian, Buddhist and Hindu. Administratively, Bangladesh is divided into 7 Divisions, 64 Districts, 7 City Corporations, 308 Municipalities, 481 Upazillas, 599 Thanas and 4498 Unions. Climate The climate is subtropical and governed by the annual monsoon (June to September) which brings heavy rainfall to most parts of the country, with an average summer temperature of approximately 27C (80F). Winter is mild and relatively dry with an average temperature of approximately 16C (53F). Due to its unique geographic location, Bangladesh remains one of the world’s most environmentally vulnerable countries and is susceptible to devastating cyclones and floods. With rising sea levels, low-lying plains are exposed to flooding and salinization. Concurrently, global climate change threatens to dramatically increase the frequency of major cyclones. Climate change adaptation strategies have been widely adopted in Bangladesh and significant investments in disaster preparedness, including the development of early warning systems and the creation of a network of flood and cyclone shelters have been prioritized. These efforts have resulted in a significant decrease in the number of lives lost each year. However, natural disasters are still responsible for loss of livelihoods and property, which most heavily impacts the poor. Improvements in disaster mitigation and recovery work targeting the most vulnerable populations remain an urgent priority. Trade and Industry Bangladesh has made significant economic progress over the past decade. Annual GDP growth averages 6.5% in recent years and its per capita income was US$ 700 4 – doubling in less than 30 years. The country’s economy is in transition from an agrarian to industrial base. Although the share of agriculture within GDP has decreased steadily 1 CIA World Fact Book (accessed 2012) 2 Population and Housing Census 2011 3 World Bank – Bangladesh at a glance (2010 data) 4 World Bank – Bangladesh at a glance (2010 data)

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