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Cesar2000-Economics of Coral Reefs.pdf

Cesar2000-Economics of Coral Reefs.pdf

Cesar2000-Economics of Coral

  • Page 2 and 3: Collected Essays on the Economics o
  • Page 4 and 5: Table of Contents Acknowledgements
  • Page 6 and 7: Foreword Corals and coral reefs hav
  • Page 8 and 9: ● ● ● ● assessing the threa
  • Page 10 and 11: fishing is lucrative from the indiv
  • Page 12 and 13: Coral Reefs: Their Functions, Threa
  • Page 14 and 15: Table 1. Ecosystem functions and co
  • Page 16 and 17: Figure 1. Yield of Trochus Shells i
  • Page 18 and 19: Figure 2. Total Economic Value and
  • Page 20 and 21: Table 3. Total Net Benefits and Los
  • Page 22 and 23: Table 5. Valuation Techniques used
  • Page 24 and 25: people live from the Park, the high
  • Page 26 and 27: duction or logging) would have an e
  • Page 28 and 29: Hatcher, B. G., Johannes, R. E., &
  • Page 30 and 31: Thorhaug, A., (1992) “Oil Spills
  • Page 32 and 33: Authors Threats Mgt. Description Is
  • Page 34 and 35: Authors Threats Mgt. Description Is
  • Page 36 and 37: Authors Threats Mgt. Description Is
  • Page 38 and 39: Assessing the Benefits of Improving
  • Page 40 and 41: 2.2 Coral Reef Quality Change and t
  • Page 42 and 43: Five groups were given and the resp
  • Page 44 and 45: The total sample mean was similar a
  • Page 46 and 47: one of the five categories were nex
  • Page 48 and 49: 4.4 Protecting Rights and the Desir
  • Page 50 and 51: able for tourists versus locals was
  • Page 52 and 53:

    problem that where respondents are

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    turists who regularly handle soil e

  • Page 56 and 57:

    expanding tourist industry based on

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    ism and fisheries. Logging activiti

  • Page 60 and 61:

    Table 2. Fisheries gross revenue an

  • Page 62 and 63:

    an ‘Environmentally Critical Area

  • Page 64 and 65:

    25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000 0

  • Page 66 and 67:

    sized animals — even at the most

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    greater willingness among environme

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    stroyed was 7.5 fish times 0.19 ope

  • Page 72 and 73:

    were affected by cyanide squirts fo

  • Page 74 and 75:

    Russ, G. R., (1991) “Coral reef f

  • Page 76 and 77:

    eefs that are not too remote, can n

  • Page 78 and 79:

    Table 2. Estimated net income (US$/

  • Page 80 and 81:

    Table 4. Results of base case and t

  • Page 82 and 83:

    ating the destruction of its coral

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    creased. Besides these direct effec

  • Page 86 and 87:

    3. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS: SOCIETAL COST

  • Page 88 and 89:

    3.2 Case Study 2: Sri Lanka The soc

  • Page 90 and 91:

    A first difference between the two

  • Page 92 and 93:

    Coral Bleaching in the Indian Ocean

  • Page 94 and 95:

    leaching occurred in the Maldives,

  • Page 96 and 97:

    months after the coral bleaching ev

  • Page 98 and 99:

    Level of importance 35 30 25 20 15

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    trols. What is useful from the data

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    most disappointing: food and bevera

  • Page 104 and 105:

    REFERENCES Anderson, R. C., Waheed,

  • Page 106 and 107:

    also seem capable of providing many

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    Table 1. Summary of Findings of Eco

  • Page 110 and 111:

    Table 2-A. Summary Table of Bioecon

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    lation for the spawning stock abund

  • Page 114 and 115:

    3.2.1 DENSITY-DEPENDENT MIGRATION M

  • Page 116 and 117:

    3.2.3 DENSITY-DEPENDENT AND UNI-DIR

  • Page 118 and 119:

    4.2 Habitat Protection A critical a

  • Page 120 and 121:

    REFERENCES Alcala, A. C., (1989)

  • Page 122 and 123:

    Russ, G. R., & Alcala, A. C., (1996

  • Page 124 and 125:

    poses of this review, the mechanism

  • Page 126 and 127:

    Supervision and training of labour

  • Page 128 and 129:

    Table 1. Comparison of restoration

  • Page 130 and 131:

    elating to the case studies. Recrea

  • Page 132 and 133:

    Value of reef products and services

  • Page 134 and 135:

    Fitzharding, R. C., & Bailey-Brock,

  • Page 136 and 137:

    1995). Global annual retail value o

  • Page 138 and 139:

    Table 1. Market Prices in Hong Kong

  • Page 140 and 141:

    2.3 Recent Trends The Asian financi

  • Page 142 and 143:

    destructive, since corals are often

  • Page 144 and 145:

    (input factors are indicated by blu

  • Page 146 and 147:

    Table 2. Challenges of grouper cult

  • Page 148 and 149:

    stages when natural mortality is hi

  • Page 150 and 151:

    STRENGTHEN ENFORCEMENT AND MONITORI

  • Page 152 and 153:

    32 Several efforts along these line

  • Page 154 and 155:

    Jones, R., (1997) “Effects of Cya

  • Page 156 and 157:

    ▲ An Economic and Ecological Anal

  • Page 158 and 159:

    The Park was re-established and rev

  • Page 160 and 161:

    associated with dive tourism and th

  • Page 162 and 163:

    Apparent stress threshold B A S 1 P

  • Page 164 and 165:

    A Comparative Study of Socio-Econom

  • Page 166 and 167:

    Table 1. Key Site Characteristics C

  • Page 168 and 169:

    Level Target Respondent Information

  • Page 170 and 171:

    Table 2. Variables Used in the Econ

  • Page 172 and 173:

    Table 3. Tied P-Values for Differen

  • Page 174 and 175:

    as, lagoons and coral reefs were pe

  • Page 176 and 177:

    Table 5. Results of the Econometric

  • Page 178 and 179:

    ties may not reveal their true perc

  • Page 180 and 181:

    Salafsky, N., Cordes, B., John Park

  • Page 182 and 183:

    ICZM guides jointly the activities

  • Page 184 and 185:

    such as alternative means of beach

  • Page 186 and 187:

    2.3.2 CONTRIBUTIONS TO UTILITY —

  • Page 188 and 189:

    marginal benefit function, relating

  • Page 190 and 191:

    the type of use, are not linked to

  • Page 192 and 193:

    4. FUTURE DIRECTIONS FOR DECISION S

  • Page 194 and 195:

    Huber, R. M., & Jameson, S. C., (19

  • Page 196 and 197:

    Appendix. Economic valuation studie

  • Page 198 and 199:

    Ecosystem and Approach ____________

  • Page 200 and 201:

    Ecosystem and Approach ____________

  • Page 202 and 203:

    Contemporary national development p

  • Page 204 and 205:

    The PBPA contains four prominent ex

  • Page 206 and 207:

    5. INTERACTIONS BETWEEN ECOSYSTEM S

  • Page 208 and 209:

    Table 2. Categories of Ecosystems i

  • Page 210 and 211:

    MEY shows the enormous level of ove

  • Page 212 and 213:

    the ecosystem together. The total (

  • Page 214 and 215:

    ▲ tourism, coastal protection and

  • Page 216 and 217:

    has dramatically decreased from abo

  • Page 218 and 219:

    seaweed per year is generating abou

  • Page 220 and 221:

    Table 4. Current (1999) annual net

  • Page 222 and 223:

    The essential activities that can e

  • Page 224 and 225:

    their overall economic benefit to i

  • Page 226 and 227:

    Private Sector Management of Marine

  • Page 228 and 229:

    ety of important conservation and o

  • Page 230 and 231:

    50 40 # incidents 30 20 10 0 J A J

  • Page 232 and 233:

    ● Investment security is reduced

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    onmental practices, and therefore t

  • Page 236 and 237:

    7.4 NGOs Are Not Always Accountable

  • Page 238 and 239:

    Sterner, T, & Andersson, J., (1998)

  • Page 240 and 241:

    perfect but not completed and origi

  • Page 242:

    Jeff Muller, Economist, World Bank,

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