openKKøge som den åbne by KØGE KYST ...

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openKKøge som den åbne by KØGE KYST ...

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Køge som den åbne by

BÆREDYGTIGHEDSVÆRKTØJ

KØGE KYST

ASTOC Architects and Planners I MASU Planning I CORNELIUS + VÖGE I WSP Group I KOLLISION I studio uc I WS Green Technologies


SUSTAINABILITY TOOL

Competition Køge Kyst, prepared by WSGT – FINAL

DRAFT

July, 26th, 2010

Number Indicator Value/

Mark of

Prepared by completed

(yes/no)

1 CO2 emissions from electricity

WSGT

yes

supply

2 CO2 emissions from heat

WSGT

yes

production

3 Energy limit for construction of new

WSGT

yes

buildings

4 Pedestrian facilities in the urban

WSP

yes

district

5 Cyclist facilities in the urban district WSP yes

6 Access to public transport WSP yes

7 Safety and security of transport

WSP

yes

solutions

8 Parking spaces ASTOC yes

9 Share of rainwater discharged into

MASU

yes

sewers

10 Waste sorting possibilities in the

WSP

yes

urban district

11 Electricity consumption, residential

WSGT

yes

units

12 Energy consumption, nonresidential

WSGT

yes

units

13 CO2 emissions from transport in the

WSP

yes

urban district

14 Water consumption WSGT yes

15 Waste quantity in the urban district WSGT yes

16 Local climate conditions WSGT yes

17 Climate adaptation MASU yes

18 Scale, interaction and architecture ASTOC yes

19 Diversity ASTOC yes

20 Accessibility C+V yes

21 Flexibility over time C+V yes

22 Green and blue elements in the

MASU

yes

townscape

23 Balance between residential and

ASTOC

yes

non-residential units

24 Variation in urban functions ASTOC yes

26 Urban and green spaces C+V yes

27 Cultural heritage, history and

C+V

yes

identity

28 Distance from school or day-care

ASTOC

yes

facility

29 Spontaneous physical activity MASU yes

30 Areas designated for sports ASTOC yes

31 Recreational areas within walking

C+V

yes

distance

32 Recreational areas within cycling

C+V

yes

distance

33 Variation in residential unit size ASTOC yes

34 Variation in resident segments ASTOC yes

35 Variation in user segments Studio UC yes

36 Cross-cultural activities Studio UC yes

37 Price, electricity supply solution WSGT yes

38 Price, heat supply solution WSGT yes

39 Economy, energy WSGT yes

40 Local economy, energy WSGT yes

41 Construction costs, roads WSP yes

42 Construction costs, bicycle paths WSP yes

43 Construction costs, running paths/

WSP

yes

footpaths, pavements, etc.

44 Constructions costs, new public

WSP

yes

transport in the urban district in

addition to existing public transport

45 Construction costs, parking WSP yes

46 Economy, transport WSP yes

47 Local economy, transport WSP yes

48 Construction costs, rainwater

WSP

yes

solution

49 Economy, rainwater solution WSGT/MASU yes

50 Local economy, rainwater solution WSGT/MASU yes

51 Construction costs, waste

WSP

yes

management

52 Economy, waste management WSGT/WSP yes

53 Local economy, waste

WSGT/WSP

yes

management

54 Construction costs, physical

MASU

no

framework, urban life and health

55 Economy, physical framework,

MASU

yes

urban life and health

56 Local economy, physical

MASU

yes

framework, urban life and health

57 Pollution and contamination

WSP

yes

management

58 Economy, pollution and

contamination management

WSP

yes

25 Public-oriented/service-related

functions at ground floor level

C+V

yes

1


Indicator 01

Prepared by

CO 2 emissions from electricity supply

WSGT

Submission

Date 27.05.2010

Benchmark The electrical energy demand (not for heating and warm water)

for 2012 is based on the EnEV 2009 standard and then estimated

to be improved over time due to reduction in electrical energy

consumption (see indicator 11) to the EnEV 2012 standard until

2032.

It is additionally assumed that the construction of the first

buildings will be started in 2013 and finally finished in 2032.

Only photovoltaic will be considered as a renewable energy

source for electricity generation onsite. Therefore it is assumed,

that the buildings will have a roof top mounted PV installation at

an angle of 30° in southern direction. The use of polycrystalline

silicium cells with a peak output of 160W per module and an

efficiency factor of about 12% is considered. The roof area

covered for the different areas will be estimated as follows:

• Collstrop Site: 25%

• Sondre Haven: 75%

• Station Area: 25%

All calculations are carried out for the worst case scenario in

terms of solar radiation, for the 21 st of December.

By using only PV for onsite energy generation the CO 2 factor for

the urban district is 0.

Hence, the average CO 2 factor for electricity can be reduced

by onsite PV electrical generation from 736 gCO 2 /kWh in 2011 to

685 gCO 2 /kWh in 2032.

A =

Ec =

Ep =

Appendix

Indicator 01

Year Ec Ep Cg Ec x Cg Ec + Ep A

2012 0 0 851 0 0 0

2013 537.606 83.464 851 457.503.104 621.071 736,64

2014 1.060.660 166.929 848 899.439.994 1.227.589 732,69

2015 1.569.162 250.393 852 1.336.925.775 1.819.555 734,75

2016 2.063.110 333.857 856 1.766.022.571 2.396.968 736,77

2017 2.542.507 417.322 867 2.204.353.298 2.959.828 744,76

2018 3.007.350 500.786 860 2.586.321.284 3.508.136 737,24

2019 3.457.641 584.250 855 2.956.283.403 4.041.892 731,41

2020 3.893.380 667.715 851 3.313.266.312 4.561.095 726,42

2021 4.314.566 751.179 842 3.632.864.460 5.065.745 717,14

2022 4.721.199 834.644 843 3.979.970.968 5.555.843 716,36

2023 5.113.280 918.108 841 4.300.268.537 6.031.388 712,98

2024 5.490.808 1.001.572 843 4.628.751.414 6.492.381 712,95

2025 5.853.784 1.085.037 837 4.899.617.214 6.938.821 706,12

2026 6.202.207 1.168.501 831 5.154.034.125 7.370.708 699,26

2027 6.536.078 1.251.965 828 5.411.872.325 7.788.043 694,90

2028 6.855.396 1.335.430 826 5.662.556.832 8.190.825 691,33

2029 7.160.161 1.418.894 824 5.899.972.753 8.579.055 687,72

2030 7.450.374 1.502.358 827 6.161.459.273 8.952.732 688,22

2031 7.726.034 1.585.823 829 6.404.882.408 9.311.857 687,82

2032 7.987.142 1.669.287 829 6.621.340.718 9.656.429 685,69

Average CO 2 factor for

electricity

Electricity consumption of

urban district

Electricity production of urban

district

gCO 2 /kWh

kWh/a

kWh/a

Cg = CO 2 factor grid gCO 2 /kWh

Cud = CO 2 factor urban district (0)

gCO 2 /kWh

A = (Ec x Cg) + (Ep x Cud) / (Ec +

Ep)

gCO 2 /kWh

2


Indicator 02

Prepared by

CO 2 emissions from heat production

WSGT

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Benchmark It is proposed that the whole new development of Koge Kyst is

only supplied with heat from new constructed district heating

power plant from the grid and not by any additional own local

facilities. Therefore, the calculations for the CO 2 emission factor

becomes independently from the local consumption of the

Koge Kyst development and the size and typology of the

building. It is therefore the same as stated in “Tabel 8

Emissionskoefficienter for el og fjernvarme” from the document

“Forudsætninger for samfundsøkonomiske analyser på

energiområdet” between 2010 and 2030. The average for those

20 years is 37,3 kg CO 2 per GJ per year or 37300 g CO 2 per GJ

per year.

Appendix

Indicator 02

Year Hc Hp Cg Hc x Cg Hc + Hp A

2012 0 0 49,1 0 0 0,0

2013 4.605 0 48,3 222.430 4.605 48,3

2014 9. 086 0 48,2 437.926 9.086 48,2

2015 13.441 0 42 564.534 13.441 42,0

2016 17.672 0 42,7 754.603 17.672 42,7

2017 21.778 0 42,4 923.404 21.778 42,4

2018 25.760 0 41,2 1.061.305 25.760 41,2

2019 29.617 0 40,8 1.208.354 29.617 40,8

2020 33.348 0 40,2 1.340.608 33.348 40,2

2021 36.956 0 40,3 1.489.312 36.956 40,3

2022 40.438 0 39,7 1.605.392 40.438 39,7

2023 43.796 0 39,4 1.725.553 43.796 39,4

2024 47.029 0 39,4 1.852.931 47.029 39,4

2025 50.137 0 39,1 1.960.353 50.137 39,1

2026 53.120 0 36,4 1.933.581 53.120 36,4

2027 55.979 0 36,1 2.020.844 55.979 36,1

2028 58.713 0 33,5 1.966.886 58.713 33,5

2029 61.322 0 33,4 2.048.162 61.322 33,4

2030 63.807 0 33,3 2.124.762 63.807 33,3

2031 66.166 0 33,4 2.209.957 66.166 33,4

2032 68.401 0 33,4 2.284.604 68.401 33,4

A =

Average CO2 factor for district

heating

kgCO2/GJ

Hg = Heat Supply from Grid GJ/a

Hp = Heat supply own facility GJ/a

Cg = CO2 factor grid kgCO2/GJ

Cud = CO2 factor urban district

kgCO2/GJ

A = (Hg x Cg) + (Hp x Cud) / (Hg +

Hp)

kgCO2/GJ

Note:

Heat supply from own facility is

0, as the whole district will be

heated by the new district

heating system

3


Indicator 03

Prepared by

Energy limit for construction of new buildings

WSGT

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Together with the roof top mounted photovoltaic which can

cover the energy demand of a residential building, these houses

can become zero energy buildings.

Benchmark As Denmark already has got some experience in constructing to

the Passive House Standard, the proposed buildings at Koge

Kyst will be constructed according to that standard. This means

that the buildings have to fulfil some standards, in order to

achieve the low energy demand (for heating) of the passive

house standard.

External walls and basement walls in contact with the soil and

outside air need a U-value of 0,15 W/m²K and Windows in

contact with the ambient air need a maximum U-value of 0,8

W/m²K. Furthermore, windows do need a high R-value of 75%

and better, to gain – especially in winter – enough solar radiation

to heat the building passively. This is best achieved with special

triple glazing. It is also important that the building must not leak

more air than 0.6 times the house volume per hour.

The Passive House standard also states that the building must be

designed to have an annual heating demand of not more than

15 kWh/m² per year. Total primary energy (source energy for

electricity and etc.) consumption (primary energy for heating,

hot water and electricity) must not be more than 120 kWh/m²

per year. However, as experience shows, the total energy

demand is achievable for residential buildings and schools for

example, but it is hard to achieve for office buildings as well as

for retail constructions.

As about half of the proposed area of Koge Kyst is residential

housing and about the other half is mixed use of office, retail

and public/cultural usage, it as assumed that 50% of the

buildings will achieved the total primary energy demand of 120

kWh/m²a and the other 50% would need about 180 kWh/m²a.

This in return makes up a weighted average of 150 kWh/m²a.

The construction costs for the Passive House standard will be 8 to

10% higher than a regular building due to additional costs for

insulation and special windows. However, due to reduced

energy costs, the additional costs will amortise after about 30

years.

Indicator 04

Prepared by WSP/MASU

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Pedestrian facilities in the urban district

4


Benchmark Along all new mainroads we suggest separated paths for

bicycle and pedestrians, 2 m. That will increase the feeling of

safety as well as lower the risk of actual accidents.

Additional separate paths only for people going by bike or

walking, will be built to encourage walking and make it a

preferable alternative.

Small streets in the residential areas can be be attended by

pedestrians and bicycles as well as cars, but the speedlimit must

be adjusted to people walking.

Along the main paths for walking, along the river, along the

coastline and between Söndre Havn and Köge Center, there will

be benches each 500 m for people in a need of taking a minute

of rest.

In order to encourage people to walk in the urban district,

following is done:

A network of connecting pedestrian paths is created throughout

the urban district, see diagram 4.1. The network contains main

pedestrian routes and a system of secondary pathways linking to

the main routes. Together main routes ant secondary paths

creates possibility to move with an uninterrupted flow throughout

the area.

A bridge for pedestrians and cyclists is built over the train tracks

to facilitate movement between the city centre and Søndre

Havn. The new station and railway station structure creates a

pedestrian connection between the city centre and the

Collstrup area.

Pedestrian routes are surrounded with interesting and diverse

environments and architecture, so that the route of

transportation is interesting and rich in experiences to walk along

(rather than monotone).

Activities attracting people are in close relation to the

pedestrian network. This creates a vibrant life around and along

the pedestrian routes, and thereby also giving interesting

experiences and meetings with other people along the route.

In Søndre Havn there are a lot of shared space, where

pedestrians and cyclist are prioritised, meaning that movement

with vehicles should be on pedestrians and cyclists premises. The

pedestrian routes are of good quality, i.e.:

Designed for people to feel safe, i.e. good lighting design,

possibility to overview the surrounding situation and a clear

communication in choice of materials marking pedestrians

priority on the route.

Proportions that is conceived comfortable for human mind

Green elements in connection with or along the routes.

Appendix

Indicator 04

5


Indicator 05

Prepared by

Cyclist facilities in the urban district

WSP

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

along the bicycle lanes.

• Around the urban district there are bicycle parking

enough to fulfil the need. Bicycle parking is placed on

easy accessible places.

Benchmark Along all new mainroads we suggest separated paths for

bicycle and pedestrians, 2 m. That will increase the feeling of

safety as well as lower the risk of actual accidents.

Additional separate paths only for people going by bike or

walking, will be built to encourage taking the bike and make it a

preferable alternative.

Small streets in the residential areas can be be attended by

pedestrians and bicycles as well as cars, but the speedlimit must

be adjusted to people walking.

Along the main paths for walking, along the river, along the

coastline and between Söndre Havn and Köge Center, there will

be facilities each 1000 m for those who are in need of for instans

more air in the bicycle tyre. Next to servicebulildings there will be

built generous parkinglots for the bicycles.

Close to the station we suggest a center, where your bicycle

can be repaired and watched over when you continue further

by train or bus. For those travellers we also suggest facilities for

taking a shower. This will make the sustainable journey a

preferable and easy alternative.

• A network of connecting bicycle paths is created

throughout the urban district, see diagram 5.1, so that it is

possible to move through the area without unnecessary

interruptions and stops. This way moving by bike is far the

fastest way of moving around inside the city.

• Safe, well marked bicycle paths (except on shared space

area), at least 1,5 m wide. For safety reasons bicycle

paths are places on each side of the driving lane so there

is no meeting bicycle paths, se diagram 5.2.

• To promote using of bicycles, bicycle lanes are not only

functionally well-designed, there is also taken care for the

aesthetic dimensions, i.e.:

• Bicycle routes are lead through interesting and beautiful

environments

• Where suitable, there are green elements, i.e. tree rows,

6


Appendix

Indicator 05

7


Indicator 06

Prepared by

Access to public transport

WSP

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Appendix

Indicator 06

Benchmark The physical conditions are made to shorten distances to public

transport:

Distance from:

1. residental units to train station 500 m – 1500 m

2. residental units to bus stop 50 m – 500 m

3. residental units to footpath/bicycle paths 50 m – 200 m

4. residental units to workplaces , one way:

a. Walking or cycling 200 m – 3000 m

b. Walking to/from bus station 100 m – 1000 m

c. Walking/cycling to/from train station 1000 m – 3000 m

5. residental units to schools/day care 50 m – 500 m

Time for:

walking/cycling to workplace 5 – 30 min

bus to workplace 15 - 40 min

train to workplace 25 – 60 min

Home – day-care – work 15 min – 80 min

8


Indicator 07

Prepared by

Safety and security of transport solutions

WSP

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Indicator 08

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Parking spaces

ASTOC

02/07/2010

Benchmark Along all new mainroads we suggest separated paths for

bicycle and pedestrians, 2 m. That will lower the risk of accidents.

Bicyclepaths will be prioritized in the intersections, made safer

with flat surfaces and well paths stråk, specially designed for

bicycles.

Additional separate paths only for people going by bike or

walking, will be built.

Small streets in the residential areas can be be attended by

pedestrians and bicycles as well as cars, but the speedlimit must

be adjusted to people walking.

Freights will be transported with legal distance to residential

areas as a minimum.

Benchmark See sketches:

Appendix

Indicator 08

9


Indicator 09

Submission

Date 27.05.2010

Share of rainwater discharged into sewers

Appendix

Indicator 09

Benchmark • In order to minimize the amount of rainwater discharged into

sewers, there are green roofs on the buildings in Søndre havn.

The green roofs absorb the rainwater and slow the rainwater

flow down.

• Rainwater not absorbed by green roofs is collected and

reused as water for washing, flushing and showers.

• Permeable ground surfaces enable natural infiltration of rain

water.

• Courtyard “root zone” filters collect water not infiltrated in the

ground naturally and for reused. The water is thus cleaned

biologically.

• Rainwater from hard surfaces within the courtyards is directed

from open rainwater ditches to courtyard “root zone” filters,

where rainwater is cleaned biologically.

• Rainwater from streets and other places is directed in open

ditches/channels to “root zone” filters in the green slips South

of the buildings of Søndre havn. Excess water from courtyards

is also directed to these filters.

• Cleaned rainwater is directed in a channel back to the sea.

10


Indicator 10

Prepared by

Waste sorting possibilities in the urban district

WSP

Submission

Date 28/05/2010

Indicator 11

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Electricity consumption, residential units

WSGT

02/07/2010

Benchmark A local recycling area will be established, it will receive

- paper

- cardboard

- glass

- brændbart storskrald

- ikke-brændbart storskrald

- iron and Metals

- big electronic waste

- small electronic waste

- hazardous waste

Emptying frequency: once a week

Distance from:

1. residental units to waste sorting possibilities 100 m – 500 m

2. working places to waste sorting possibilities 500 m – 1500 m

Benchmark Given the assumption that an average uses consumes 1.000 kWh

(per year), it is distributed in the household to the following uses:

380 kWh for heating and hot water, 220 kWh for cooling and

refrigeration, 140 kWh for washing and drying, 80 kWh for

cooking, 80 kWh for electronics and only 50 kWh for Lighting. As

one can see, the biggest fraction is the demand for heating and

warm water, however, it also provides the largest saving

potential. Constructing the houses according to the “Low Energy

House Guidelines” will save about 60% of electrical energy for

heating and warm water compared to the actual energy

consumption. By making the building air tight, using heat

recovery systems, using solar gains to heat the interior, using solar

thermal collectors, all in all by optimising the building structure,

the energy demand can be reduced to about 152 kWh.

Furthermore, by having new energy class A++ freezers and

fridges and by setting those up in cooler parts of the building, up

to 40% of the energy demand can be saved compared to the

standard consumption. Therefore the electrical energy demand

for cooling and refrigeration can be cut down to ca. 132 kWh.

Using energy saving bulbs instead of regular ones, save about

75% of electricity for lighting, which leaves a fraction of 12,5 kWh

for lighting.

In order to reduce the electricity demand for washing & drying,

cooking and electronics, the biggest influencing factor is the

human behaviour. By taking different measures, such as cutting

the power supply remotely for one complete room, switching

computers and monitors off, washing with 40°C instead of 90°C

and so forth, up to 30 % of electrical energy. A further option to

initiate rational behaviour is to install an energy box, which shows

the user the actual/total electricity consumption as well as the

costs.

It is also an important option to establish a “sustainable

information centre” on site, where people can be advised and

involved in campaigns on how to save energy in order to create

public awareness. When an individual is actively involved with a

campaign, and views himself as part of the path to sustainability

11


it will increase the personal level of commitment. Consistent

behaviour is highly socially valued. Therefore, actions focusing on

local communities where public and private actions are more

closely related will foster positive commitment from the

individuals which may lead to consistent sustainable behaviours.

All these actions can reduce the electrical energy demand from

1000 kWh to 506,5 kWh, which is a reduction of nearly 50%.

Indicator 12

Prepared by

Energy consumption, non-residential units

WSGT

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

reduce the energy consumption of the non-residential units of

about another 10%.

Also in the every day office life the change of user behaviour

plays a significant role. User could only use the heating if it is

really necessary, should switch off their monitors during breaks,

set computer into standby during short breaks, using switchable

power strips, walking instead of using elevators, switching the

light on only when necessary, using thermos with coffee

machines and so forth. Changing the user behaviour for all

employees will result in a slightly lower reduction of the energy

demand, as it is not their own money they are saving.

Nonetheless, this will add up to an additional saving potential of

20%.

Hence, according to our concept, it is possible the save about

50% of the energy demand for standard/average office

workplaces.

Benchmark Comparable to the electrical energy consumption for residential

units, the most important measure to reduce the energy

demand for non-residential units respectively office workplaces is

the user behaviour as well as the building design and an efficient

system engineering.

The most important measure to reduce the future energy

demand for offices is to consider several aspects during the

planning phases. According to our master plan are all the office

buildings optimally aligned according to the sun path. As the

climate is Køge is rather cold than hot, there will be a higher

demand of heating. Using an air tight building envelope with

good insulation, as well as in combination with triple glazing

(Coefficient of Thermal Conductivity, U-values of 0,6 W/m²K;

Total Energy Transmission Index, G-value of 0,7), stores the

gained thermal energy inside the building, plus makes use of

solar gains for heating in the winter. However, normally offices

have quite high internal loads, and therefore it is important to

have external flexible shading elements to control sunlight

especially in summer, so that no additional active cooling system

is needed. Together with a modern and central systems

engineering, which will be installed in all our office buildings, and

without natural ventilation in winter, a reduction of 30% is easy to

achieve.

Another measure is using a high efficient waste heat recovery

systems, which can use different sources of thermal energy in the

building, such as kitchens in cafeterias or washing facilities in

hotel, to recuperate a large amount of the waste heat, in order

to make traditional heating systems nearly unnecessary. This can

Benchmark

Indicator 13

Prepared by

CO2 emissions from transport in the urban

district

WSP

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

The proposal is designed to make it easier for people to use

transport without fosil fuel. Walking, cycling and train will be very

attractive ways of travelling.

Some workingplaces will be located in the district, but for all

those who are working in surrounding areas, it will be easy and

comfortable to take the train

The the new bridge will make it even more attractive to walk or

take the bicycle to Central Køge.

Every 10 min. An electrical bus will make a loop round the new

setting of Søndre Havn.

Transportation of freights and goods into the district will still be

traditional, but the new tunnel., will make the transport of goods

flow better and lessen the distance for the fosil fuel veichels.

In total the emission in the area will be reduced with 5% until

2033 .

12


Indicator 14

Water consumption

Appendix

Prepared by

WSGT

Indicator 14

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Benchmark The water consumption will be reduced by technical facilities

like rainwater collection on the rooftops and greywater

recycling. By reuse of rainwater and greywater the freshwater

demand will be reduced.

• Possible Rainwater amount what can be collected on

rooftops with 50% greenroofs and 50% PV is approx. 28 200

m³/year for the total area.

• Possible Rainwater collection in the open space in the

station area will be approx. 23 700 m³/year.

• Possible greywater usage for flushing only in residential

buildings and office buildings would be approx. 42 000

m³/year with standard fixtures. With water saving fixtures it

can be reduced to up to 26 600 m³/year. Using collected

rainwater for flushing can cover all water demand for

flushing.

60000

50000

40000

30000

20000

10000

0

Rainwater Collection Roofs

and Open Spaces

Rainwater Collection Roofs

Grey Water Demand

Standard Fixtures

Grey Water Demand Water

Saving Fixtures

Additiona

l Water

for

Irrigation

and

Water

amount

used for

flushing

• By collection of rainwater from open spaces and rooftops

the total amount of rainwater would be approx 51900

m³/year. By using water saving fixtures for flushing the

water demand will be 26 600m³/year so approximately

25300 m³ will be left for washing and irrigation.

• Showering with rainwater is not recommended as the

water can be loaded by aerosols and in contact with the

body it might cause health problems.

13


- shared library 1%

Indicator 15

Prepared by

Waste quantity in the urban district

WSGT

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

- community 2%

- composting 5%

As the numbers are not possible to be calculate they are only

roughly estimated.

In total 15%.

Benchmark HH 0.62 tones / per year ???

The amount of the waste quantity of households depends mainly

on the users behaviour and desired life standard. Buying goods is

on the one hand to satisfy the basic needs like hunger and one

the other hand to luxury needs for joy. To reduce waste quantity

the main point is influencing user’s behaviour. By developing a

satisfactory community can reduce the need for consuming

products which generate waste. For example a yoga session

can appear as satisfaction as watching a movie on DVD. The

yoga session will not generate waste but watching DVD will

generate waste (packaging of the DVD, the DVD after use after

a certain time). Especially if habitants of the area consider this

kind of relation, the waste accumulation will be reduced. The

Koge Kyst project can be developed as a nucleus for waste

reduced high living standard as an example Project for

Denmark.

As a main component of the generated in Koge is garden waste

the residents of the detached houses and row houses will have

composting in their gardens. This will recuce the waste quantity

up to 5%

Cultural uses are already included in the master plan and will

help the reduction of waste generation

Further aspects will reduce the waste quantity.

Local supermarkets and farming markets within walking

distances with

- cotton bags 1%

- fresh products with no or less packaging 1%

Reuse markets like

- second hand markets 2%

- fleamarkets 2%

On site recycling like

- art from waste 1%

Appendix

Indicator 15

Iron

Weels

Glas and Packaging

Garden

PVC

Combustion

Imp

Hazardous Waste

Electronic Scrap

Bulky Waste

Windows

Flagging

Soil

Landfil

Fibre Cement

Gypsum

Concrete

Newspaper

Battery

Paper

14


Indicator 16

Prepared by

Local climate conditions

WSGT

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

not for the mostly residential Søndre Havn area, which is very

close to water. However, there will also be darkly-clad areas

(inside & outside the courtyards). These areas will absorb the

heat from solar gain more than other light clad areas, making

them more inhabitable during the mild and cold seasons.

Benchmark

The local climate conditions of Køge were taken into

consideration from the beginning of the planning process on.

Therefore, as a first step a climate analysis was carried out, in

order to determine the annual rainfall, the main wind directions,

humidity, cloudiness, temperatures, as well as direct and diffuse

solar radiation. Also seasonal differences and interesting

extremes were pointed out. As a further methodology a shading

and radiation study was carried out by ecotect in order to

determine the best orientation of the buildings and to evaluate

an optimised street layout for example.

During the whole planning process the local climate condition

were taken into account for the design of the individual building,

the new urban structure and the landscape planning.

As the local climate in Køge is rather cold, the heating demand

for classic building would be greater than the cooling demand.

Therefore the proposed building structure is adapted to the

climate conditions, as a good insulation together with triple

glazing with good U- and G-values is chosen. Furthermore, the

buildings will be increase in size from south to north, in order to

have as much natural lighting and solar thermal gains as

possible. The buildings will also have higher glazing to wall ratio

on the south facades and will be more opaque in the north, to

prevent heat losses.

In terms of wind, the street layout does not follow the main wind

directions (south-eats and south-west) in order to reduce wind

speeds at pedestrian level. A second integration of these

conditions is the establishment of wind sheltered courtyards,

especially for the residential buildings. In these courtyard, the

wind will be blocked by the buildings and create areas with

slower wind speeds. A third measure to prevent the new

development from (cold) winds from the sea, is the proposed

dense vegetation at the southern border of the Søndre Havn

area.

As the sea water from the harbour acts as a natural thermal

buffer there is no need for additional water features, especially

15


Indicator 17

Prepared by

Climate adaptation

MASU

Submission

Date 27/05/2010

Appendix

Indicator 17

Benchmark Flooding /raised sea level:

To protect the build environment from flooding/raised sea

water level, all buildings’ fundament base is located 3

meters above sea level.

Along the building edge in Søndre havn a raised beach

promenade serves as a buffer for eventual flooding/raise

of sea level. The height of the promenade is 3 m above

sea level, se diagram 17.1, 17.2

Storm water is absorbed and water masses delayed by

many green spaces and green roofs. This reduces the risk

for flooding. Se diagram 17.3

Wind:

High buildings are surrounded of vegetation, so wind

passes over building masses, see diagram 17.4

Buildings around the courtyards and vegetation in the

courtyards give shelter from wind and comfortable

microclimates. See diagram 17.4

Long streets are planted with trees to break down the

wind.

16


Indicator 18

Prepared by

Scale, interaction and architecture

ASTOC

Submission

Date 23/07/2010

Indicator 19

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Diversity

ASTOC

23/07/2010

Benchmark

he scale of the surrounding urban districts is taken into account.

By adapting the new development to the existing structures on a

number of levels:

• New buildings blend in with existing context

• Building heights are an important factor; in Station Area

the average height of the surrounding buildings is at three

storeys, in Collstrop Site the average height is at two

storeys of mainly industrial structures, whereas at Søndre

Havn the heights range from two to three storey housing

units to the west of the site up to 22 m tall industrial

structures like the ØA-Building at the harbour front. In

general, we adapt the height of the surrounding for the

new buildings; only at the Collstrop Site we propose a

denser development that exceeds the context of the

existing.

• Careful analysis of current and proposed uses that

complement the existing. The strategy is to strengthen the

existing, for example shopping in the city centre or adding

new uses that are missing in the surrounding like day-care

in Søndre Havn or large scale office space in Station Area

and Collstrop.

• The typology of the buildings takes into account the local

context and history and is inspired by the existing and at

the same time takes it further to meet the demand of the

market for new and innovative typologies that provide

answers to the changing lifestyle of future citizens.

Benchmark We propose a wide range of different building types and sizes.

The amount of building units depends on the context and use

and therefore differs from site to site.

• Station Area: Total Floor Area 57.000 m² ~ 45 units (mixed

use) Ø 1.270 m² / unit

• Collstrop Site: Total Floor Area 48.500 m² ~ 12 units (mainly

offices) Ø 4.040 m² / unit

• Søndre Havn: Total Floor Area 215.000 m² ~ 122 units

(mainly housing) Ø 1.762 m² / unit

• Total construction area: Total Floor Area 320.500 m² ~ 179

units Ø 1.790 m² / unit

18


Indicator 20

Prepared by

Accessibility

C + V

Submission

Date 02/02/2010

Indicator 21

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Flexibility over time

C + V

02/07/2010

Benchmark • The proposed project will meet current and future legislation

regarding accessibility in terms of construction of new

buildings.

• Establishment or expansion of the existing main road Søndre

Molevej at Søndre Havn combined with a network of paths

for pedestrians and cyclists connecting the potential

residential sites, urban spaces and land for future expansion.

• Establishment of a main road-loop that connects with the

existing road along the station area. The loop provides

access to the non-residential Collstrop area and will

furthermore provide a possible extension in the direction of

Nordhavnen.

• The public and private spaces decompose. Indoor and

outdoor zones merged into more dynamic spaces.

• Paths will be constructed while quaysides are established

around the entire current harbour area. This will promote the

access to water and make it possible to get close to the

water.

• Due to the short distance between the existing old town and

the future new parts of Køge, the project propose a

thorough and sufficient infrastructure for “soft” traffic

encouraging people for walking or cycling in pedestrian and

path systems.

• The project propose an enhanced urban experience when

cycling or walking due to a diverse movement through small

squares, bridges/ramps, green corridors and pocket parks,

promenades and shared spaces between the buildings.

More direct routes are also possible to use.

• Bridges and crossing are emphasized as public and easy

accessible spaces and not just links. The harbour bridge

functions as an urban space with z-shaped access for

disabled and bikes as well as pedestrians. (see partial plan

drawing on boards describing harbour bridge).

Benchmark • To achieve success for the planning of new areas around

Køge port during the next 20 years, it will be important as

part of the dynamic planning to involve the stakeholders in

the development of this. Users must influence the process

through dialogue with the advisor and municipalities, and

not least, they affect the port's transformation and new

initiatives. This achieves the necessary anchoring of the

project to the city profile and its inhabitants/users.

• Planning Strategy for the area must be as flexible and open

to different use as possible. This means that the plan will

promote multi flexible building space that could be

converted for different kinds of business, shopping and

housing. All structures should consider this including

construction parking space that might be converted into

larger shopping facilities in the future. The dialogue with

investors will promote flexibility in structures to avoid to many

mono functional areas of the master plan that could be

affected by future uncertainties like low demand, financial

crisis etc.. A continuous and adaptive process of the future

development will ensure that the new city areas are always

changing and alive in the present.

• The highly polluted Collstrop site calls for a flexible plan

solution that through time will or can be changed. By

establishing parking area on groundfloor you profitably

exploit the polluted site without having to conduct costly

purification of the polluted ground from day one. It will

furthermore be easy to carry out sufficient soil tests following

the natural purification process of the site. In a distant future

when the natural purification has cleaned the ground, the

Collstrop site could then again be taken into considerations

regarding new developments.

• The intention of the Søndre Havn area is to promote

recycling and transformation of some of the existing

structures and characteristics - in a cultural and economic

perspective. Certain cultural and historical elements are

preserved or transformed for a different future use. As people

19


take harbour areas in possession, new cultures and needs will

arise, thus the requirement for flexible structures with room for

different use defined by the stakeholders.

Indicator 22

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Green and blue elements in the townscape

MASU

02/07/2010

Benchmark • The blue and green link along Køge Å is highlighted as an

important connection between the nature recreational

areas Søndre Beach and Gml Køge Gård, Køge As.

• In Søndre Havn the landscape is taken into the urban area

with landscape slips emerging from the landscape of Søndre

Beach. The landscape slips are transformed into green

connections between the beach side in South and the

harbour side in North.

• There is also a green connection within Collstrup area, where

the courtyards are green public spaces possible to move

along.

• In Søndre Havn there are East-West green connections within

the built areas. The “park stream” connects the two

waterscapes, Søndre Å in West and the open sea in East. It is

a flow of green space in the back yards, and is a public

connection. Courtyards of a more private character with

more intimate spaces are closely linked to the park stream.

• Blue elements are visible throughout the new areas in Søndre

Havn and on the Collstrup site, since the system of collecting

and cleaning rainwater is visible, with open gullies and ponds

connecting to the green spaces.

• In the new areas of the city centre there are small pockets

off green space attached to buildings. The green elements

are also visible as street trees, roof terraces and balconies.

Courtyards facing the railroad are private green spaces.

20


Appendix

Indicator 22

21


Indicator 23

Prepared by

Balance between residential and nonresidential

units

ASTOC/C+V

Submission

Date 23/07/2010

Benchmark • The general strategy is to create urban districts with a high

ratio of mixed uses. Only highly mixed areas are capable of

creating the desired lively urban spaces. Due to different

user patterns the areas are active throughout a large part of

the day. By creating high amounts of mixed

neighbourhoods, travel distances can be reduced and

parking-facilities can be utilised more efficiently.

• Because each of the three areas has different qualities, the

requested mix of uses is not distributed equally. According to

each site’s potential, the proposed urban development

negotiates between the requirements of any given density,

the best integration into the context and use of the ideal

location for each type of use.

• Station Area: Total Floor Area 57.000 m² highest ratio of

mixed use

• Collstrop Site: Total Floor Area 48.500 m² mainly offices

(>90%), small amounts of Culture & Leisure and Publ. & Priv.

Services

• Søndre Havn: Total Floor Area 215.000 m² mainly housing (>65

%), offices (>15%) high amounts of Public & Private Services

and Culture & Leisure. Because each of the three areas has

different qualities, the requested mix of uses is not distributed

equally. According to each site’s potential, the proposed

urban development negotiates between the requirements of

any given density, the best integration into the context and

use of the ideal location for each type of use.

• The overall balance between residential and non-residential

is almost equal. 49% residential, 51% non-residential.

• Overall the project proposes a ”mixed use” of the relevant

undeveloped areas. This will provide an interaction between

nonresidential and residential cultures. The result may then

be lively city and both culture and business can benefit from

each other. In general there will be a concentration of

nonresidential related structures in the northern part of the

station area as well as the nearby connected Collstrop Site.

The main residential part of the new developed city areas

will be located south of the station area, more specifically, at

Søndre havn where ”mixed use” will be more prevalent.

Appendix

Indicator 23

• Overall distribution: 49% Housing, 32% Office, 8% Public &

Private Services, 7% Retail & Commerce, 4% Culture and

Leisure

24


Indicator 24

Prepared by

Variation in urban functions

ASTOC

Submission

Date 23/07/2010

Indicator 25

Prepared by

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Public-oriented/service-related functions at

ground floor level

C + V

Benchmark

The urban landscape will consist out of a variety of public spaces

with distinctive qualities. There are small spots and places to be

appropriated by the citizens, as well as large squares, e.g. the

harbour plaza or the Cultural Square at the ØA-Building. These

urban spaces could be characterised between complimentary

opposites: open/sheltered, big/small, hard/soft and

representative/relaxing.

These spaces have distinct identity and are characterised to a

certain extent by the adjacent buildings. The Station Square,

defined by movement, transport and related activities. The

harbour square is defined by the presence of water, ships and

culture and leisure activities. And there is the square in the

middle of Søndre Havn, surrounded by housing that mainly

serves the local citizens as a focal point to meet and share

urban life.

• Køge Havn becomes a meeting place for culture,

recreation and human interaction.

• Construction integrating service / business in the housing

stock by placing retail operations on the ground floor, as

an example. Small businesses on the first floor and housing

on the other floors.

• Køge Havn becomes a meeting place for culture,

recreation and human interaction.

• Construction integrating service / business in the housing

areas by having retail operations and businesses on the

ground floor and housing on the other floors.

Benchmark • Overall the project propose a ”mixed use” of the relevant

undeveloped areas. This will provide an interaction between

non-residential and residential cultures. The result may then

be a city active 24 hours a day where both culture and

business can benefit from each other. In general there will be

a concentration of non-residential related structures in the

northern part of the station area aswell as the nearby

connected Collstrop Site. The main residential part of the

new developed city areas will be located south of the

station area. More precise at Søndre havn where the ”mixed

use” will be more outspoken.

• There will be a variety of both new and existing public

orientated and cultural services, with associated shops, cafés

and restaurants at street level. All ground floor areas in the

larger public parts of the master plan will have public

functions on ground level. Business related buildings will have

their open and public facilities on ground level as well in

order to promote street life and activities on ground level.

• The future public institution will be strategic placed at Søndre

Harbour (NEW KØS, NEW TAPPERIET, OA Cultural Building etc.)

and work as public catalyst for those specific areas.

• One must expect a specific increased public activity along

Havnestrøget, Kulturstrøget and the Cultural Corridor. The

Collstrop site works primarily as an urban business community,

but with integrated cafés, sports, small shops and other

public facilities like business and meeting centres, cantina

and conference on the ground floor level.

25


Indicator 26

Prepared by

Urban and green spaces

MASU

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Benchmark • Kulturstrøget and the green spaces are polarised

functionally, but complete each other, diagram 26.1. The

culture loop is active and vibrant. Here it is prepared for

many diverse activities to take action, i.e. sports, play, music,

exhibitions, performances etc.

• The public green spaces, on the other hand, have a calm

contemplative atmosphere. Here it is not in the same way

prepared for activities, it is rather up to each and every one

how they interpret and use the spaces. The activities here

are calmer, more contemplative, recreational and

dedicated to the senses, i.e. enjoying seasonal changes in

greenery, listening to birds singing, sitting, sunbathing etc.

• Activities in the area are of different character and therefore

also attract different user groups. The different kinds of

activities are placed in connection with each other so

different user groups can meet and interact. Example1:

Along the culture loop both a fitness route with outdoor gym

equipment at strategic places is established, as well as an

outdoor exhibition with KØS Modern’s public space art. The

two different functions use the same route, the strategic

places for each function overlaps each other. Users from

each function can meet and interact.

• At the Culture Square in Søndre Havn, activities connected

to the Culture house (transformed ØA building), as music,

performances and café life, is placed in close relation to

sport activities and play. There is also room for spectators, not

actively being a part of the activities.

• Urban spaces are designed flexible and can have different

functions throughout the days and throughout the year. I.e.

the water sports place in Sønder Havn is normally mostly used

for activities relating to water sports, but can in special

events host other activities as markets and festivals.

• 4 kinds of green space

• The green spaces in have different kind of uses. Large scale

green spaces as Køge As and Søndre Beach are city-near

landscapes where people can chose to go for recreation,

exercise and nature experiences.

• Within the built environment there are public green spaces

i.e. the park streams in Søndre Havn, and public accessible

courtyards in Collstrup site.

• In close connection to the park streams there are the green

courtyards, with more intimate spaces and more private

uses.

• Roads and pathways are planted with street trees.

Appendix

Indicator 26

26


Indicator 27

Prepared by

Cultural heritage, history and identity

C + V

Submission

Date 27.05.2010

Benchmark • This project integrates a transformation of Køge Harbour in

close dialogue with the harbours history, identity and the

current users of the harbour areas. Conservation, recycling,

story telling and transformation of existing structures, surfaces,

and cultures (namedropping such as Valkyrien etc.) at the

harbour has high priority. The project seeks to preserve or

transform valuable building structures. Buildings, spaces,

materials and surfaces that tell the story of the

industrialization period and the past-time life on the harbour

will be taken into account in order to promote the historical

identity of the harbour.

• The preservation strategy is to use the concept of an

pragmatic renovation. It includes buildings, spaces, surfaces,

technical installations, etc., where a desire to preserve most

of the identity and quality of the district's history in order to

reduce conversion costs and to preserve the area's industrial

Identity.

• Basically mapping and preserving most of the existing

buildings and historic buildings for a mix of long term and

temporary use is interesting, and will contribute to an

activation of the site and create the life that is essential for

the long planning process. The mapping will grade the

buildings and find out what they are suitable for. Related

diagram shows the first mapping of buildings.

• The plan also focuses on promoting historical Køge as a

trading city. We see the trade as an element that has linked

the city historically and that could also link the city in the

future. By using the existing slips and alleys behind the

historical city as connection to the harbour and the new

developments, the city and will be linked by the means of

trade and architecture. The harbour bridge will seem like a

smooth continuation of the city with retail buildings leading

over the tracks and link the old city together with the

cultural activities taking place in the harbour. The bridge

serves two purposes relevant for future planning:

• creating an architecturally significant connection between

the city and the harbour (a landmark)

2) ading to the local trading tradition by activating the slips

and use retail and shopping to link the city.

• The future harbour route will lead people from the large

urban space of Køge Torv through the intimate slips to the

new bridge. When crossing the bridge, the harbour will be

revealed. An urban considerably diversified open air traderoute

from the city centre to the harbour.

Appendix

Indicator 27

27


Indicator 28

Prepared by

Distance from school or day-care facility

ASTOC

Submission

Date 27/05/2010

Appendix

Indicator 28

Benchmark • The location of the new day-care centre (see: appendix)

assures that all residential units in Søndre Havn, lie in distance

less than 500 m, which equals 85% of the overall new housing

units. The chosen location close to the meadow and beach

provides a high potential for children outdoor activities.

• For the future residents of Station Area (15% of new housing

units) there are day-care facilities within the historic centre.

• Since no school is located in less than 500 m distance to the

district of Søndre Havn, we consider the possibility of

establishing a new school there.

See appendix: Illustration Indicator 28

28


Indicator 29

Prepared by

Spontaneous physical activity

MASU

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Appendix

Indicator 29

Benchmark • Spontaneous physical activity is an important driving force in

the process of achieving a vibrant life in Søndre Havn from

day 1, see diagram 29.1.

• Example: At an early stage a fitness route is created along

the culture loop, with spots with outdoor gym equipment

placed along the route, to create a movement throughout

the area and possibility for outdoor training/fitness.

• Many possibilities for spontaneous physical activity are

created (throughout the whole process) along the cultural

loop, i.e.: multiuse sport and play fields, to start with being

marked on existing ground material and later being of a

more permanent design.

• A well developed pedestrian and bicycle network

encourage people to be physically active when moving

throughout the area.

There are many possibilities for physical activity in close relation

to residential areas, which facilitate spontaneous physical

activity.

29


Indicator 30

Prepared by

Areas designated for sports

ASTOC

Submission

Date 27/05/2010

Appendix

Indicator 30

Benchmark The three sites contain different potentials for sports. Whereas

Station Area and Collstrop Site are mainly designated to indoor

activities due to the urban context. Søndre Havn provides

excellent opportunities for establishing a variety of outdoor

sports. These include all sorts of water sports like rowing,

swimming, canoeing and sailing, but also activities like skating,

climbing running and cycling.

The conversion of the former silo building into a sports and youth

facility, in combination with the proposed upgrade of Køge

rowing club to Køge Water Sports Centre offers the possibility to

develop an institution like DGI in Copenhagen. Implementing

indoor sport activities in the same location assures a lively and

attractive environment throughout the year.

The facilities mentioned above, are all connected by an

attractive, car free, waterfront promenade suitable for cycling

and running. This promenade forms an important part of the

green link along the river and thus connects directly the two

important natural spaces beach/sea with the open landscape

west of Køge. In the early stages of the project, many sites could

be used temporarily for sports like skate parks, bmx tracks, streetand

basketball.

See appendix: Illustration Indicator 30

30


Indicator 31

Prepared by

Recreational areas within walking distance

C + V

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Benchmark • Station area: Starting from the station, most of Køge city's

recreation areas are reached within 600 meters (HUB). New

pedestrian and cycling paths will be established due to the

reorganization of the station area. The project integrates

new recreational squares/areas related to the new building

structures along the railway.

• Søndre Havn: In general the recreational areas (ØA, KØS,

harbour side, beach, Åhavnen, etc.) in Søndre Havn can

easily be reached on foot by pedestrians as the new district

becomes a hub for culture, recreation, commercial and

residents. Everything will be in close relation with each other.

Recreational pocket parks and squares will be implemented

in the residential areas in the Cultural and the Green Corridor

together with shared spaces. Related chart/diagram shows

the correlation/distance between the network of

recreational areas.

• Collstrop:The recreational areas at the Collstrop site will be

green and urban spaces connected to the public functions.

They can easily be reached by the new direct station bridge

leading from the station to the new business district. The

Collstrop parking plateaus will mainly act as a recreational

shared space/area mainly for pedestrians and users of

Collstrop.

• Socio economy: With a short distance between the

recreational areas of maximum 160 meters or 2 minutes, the

pedestrian can walk from one recreational area to another

along the cultural connection that stretches all the way from

Køge Torv to the pier head of the future Søndre Havn (see

chart/diagram).The project provide new walking

routes/paths and shared spaces around in the new sites. It

will give the pedestrian a varied experience of the cities life

and activities and thus promote walking and cycling (health

and movement) through the different parts of Køge.

• Recreational areas within the urban district are mainly

concentrated along Kulturstrøget and in the green areas.

The culture loop has recreational activities such as different

Appendix

Indicator 31

sports-, leisure and play activities as well as culture, i.e. music,

workshops and interactive exhibitions.

• Large scale landscapes for recreation are available in

Søndre Beach and in Køge Ås very close to the city centre

with smooth and easy access in the future for pedestrians

and cycling. The two areas are connected with the

promenade along Køge River, which is opened up and

highlighted.

• The diagram is showing the layout of recreational and

cultural activities connected to the pedestrian network.

31


Indicator 32

Prepared by

Recreational areas within cycling distance

C + V

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Appendix

Indicator 32

Benchmark • A well-designed and strategic cycling network throughout

the urban district facilitates reaching of recreational areas.

• Biking is possible, both in between recreational areas within

the urban district (mainly following the cultural loop), and to

recreational areas further away.

• Literally, the project integrates stronger soft traffic conditions

in terms of new bike routes and shared spaces around the

new sites. Some of the urban spaces will be designed to

promote bike-activities/sub-cultures.

• Large scale landscapes for recreation are available in

Søndre Beach and in Køge Ås very close to the city centre

with smooth and easy access in the future for pedestrians

and cycling. The two areas are connected with the

promenade along Køge River, which is opened up and

highlighted.

• The diagram is showing the layout of recreational and

cultural activities connected to the bicycle network.

32


Indicator 33

Prepared by ASTOC/C +V

Submission

Date 22/07/2010

Variation in residential unit size

• The residential building typologies will range from 1-2-family

houses 100-160 m2, row houses 80-140 m2, studio apartments

40-60 m2, apartments from size 50 – 200 m2 all with close and

easy access to green and recreational private, semiprivate

or public areas. Buildings with flat roofs should give access to

roof gardens for the housing units.

Benchmark The proposal allows a wide range of differently sized residential

units. There are townhouses and semidetached houses with

private gardens, as well as apartment buildings primarilly with

private or semi private gardens, roofgardens and terraces. The

typologies shown are very flexible and are able to adapt to

future changes in and. In general, there is a mix of apartment

types distributed across Station Area and Søndre Havn; the mix

will occur on various levels: over the site, in the neighbourhood,

in the block and within individual buildings.

We assume a mix of apartment units from 1 to 5 rooms, 35 m² to

135 m², whereas 2 to 4 room apartments will form the majority of

apartments.

1. 1 room apartments: 35-45 m² usable floor area,

46,5 – 60,0 m² Gross Floor Area

2. 2 room apartments: 50-60 m² usable floor area,

66,5 – 80,0 m² Gross Floor Area

3. 3 room apartments: 70-80 m² usable floor area,

93,0 – 106,5 m² Gross Floor Area

4. 4 room apartments: 90-105 m² usable floor area,

120,0 – 140,0 m² Gross Floor Area

5. 5 room apartments: 115-135 m² usable floor area,

153,0 – 180,0 m² Gross Floor Area

There are also housing units with a garden from 150 m² to 240 m²

gross floor area, mainly in the southern part of Søndre Havn.

The overall average is at 97,5 m² GFA / unit (156.000 m² / 1.600

units; see: competition brief)

• The housing units will vary in sizes, prices, typologies, and

ownerships (both rental, owner, shared ownership) in

order to promote a large variation of the people living in

the new development. The aim is to attract people of all

ages and different backgrounds to promote diversity for

the people living in the neighbourhoods.

33


Indicator 34

Prepared by

Variation in resident segments

ASTOC

Submission

Date 22/07/2010

Benchmark A wide range of differently sized residential units (see: indicator

33) assures suitable housing for all kinds of demands. From singles

to couples, from young families to three generations sharing one

roof, from students to pensioners. Depending on location and

standard of the buildings, there are attractive opportunities to

cater for a variety of different income levels.

In addition we recommend providing residential units for people

with special needs, e.g. disabled people, care recipients and

also social housing. Including and accepting all parts of society

to be part of the new development assures lively and attractive

neighbourhoods.

Indicator 35

Prepared by

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Variation in user segments

Studio UC

• a hybrid urban structure with a great mixture of public

functions on ground floors produce maximum potential

urban vitality.

• The coexistance of leisure, culture, housing and working

facilities within one small neighbourhood stimulates

additional variation in user behaviour over daytime changes.

• different sequences of public space typologies with

distinctive qualities

• *station area squares = spaces of represantation, transition

and consume

• *historic corridors = spaces of local identity, mediating

between old and new city

• *harbour promenade = continuum of wide pedestrian

space, acting as playground for various cultural formats and

practices

• *green stream = private, recreational qualities

• *old railway tracks = narrow introverted pedestrian channels

crosslinking public realms

• overlap each other and thus create a differentiated network

of contrasting user patterns.

• Between the areas of different user focuses strategic located

squares act as interfaces between lifestyles, milieus and

cultural practices.

• A temporary but highly relevant impact on variation in user

segments will be the periodical organisation of public

exhibitions, cultural events and festivals

• attracting supplemental users from outside of Koge

Especially during the early stage of development a high degree

of citizen participation will generate different models of user

oriented space production.

Benchmark Throughout the whole development area of Koge Kyst a high

variation in user segments is intended, while each of the three

sites aim on generating a distinct mixture of urban functions,

emerging out of their particular context.

• The attraction for varied groups of users on the three sites will

be assured by following principles:

34


Indicator 36

Prepared by

Cross-cultural activities

Studio UC/MASU

Submission

Date 27/05/2010

Appendix

Indicator 36

Benchmark As described in indicator 35 (variation in user segments), the

future development of Koge will create polarised fields of

different programmatic emphases. Urban uses and functions

more and more overlap and find themselves in a complex,

ambivalent spatial environment.

The intersections between the different fields serve as breeding

grounds for the production of space, knowledge, creativity,

diversity and innovation.

The coexistance of non-designed and high qualitiy designed

interior and exterior spaces (reused existing buildings, temporary

architectural spaces and new building typologies) lead to a

multi- usable and multi-interpretable spatial continuum that

creates high friction and exchange between lifestyles, milieus

and cultural practices.

• Temporary use of existing buildings and spaces throughout

the transformation process, invites informal activities, uses

and users.

• There is a diversity of activities throughout the area, and

different kinds of cultural activities are located overlapping

each other, se diagram 36.1 and 36.2.

• Some urban spaces are designed in an “open” way, so how

to use the space can be interpreted in different ways. This

invites to spontaneous activities. Other spaces have a more

programmed character. Spontaneous and programmed

activities are located in close relation to each other, spaces

overlapping different user groups meet and interact.

35


Indicator 37

Prepared by

Price, electricity supply solution

WSGT

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Indicator 38

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Price, heat supply solution

WSGT

02/07/2010

Benchmark As proposed in indicator 1 about 50% of the whole constructed

roof area of the different building typologies will be covered with

photovoltaic for on site electrical energy generation. In order to

calculate the costs per kWh for next 20 years the following

assumptions were made:

• Operating/maintenance costs: 2 €/m²

• Size of one module: 1,26 m²

• Number of modules needed: 13.185

• Price per module: ca. 450 €

• Total costs of purchase: 5.933.346 €

• Change rate €/DKK: 7,44

• Costs of purchase: 44.144.098 DKK

• Operation/maintenance costs over 20 years: 12.608.568

DKK

• Total costs: 56.752.666 DKK

• Subsidies 0,6 DKK for the first 10 years/0,4 DKK for the next

10 years

• Total subsidies/remuneration for feeding: 38.410.698 DKK

• Total price minus subsidies: 18.341.968 DKK

• Total energy generated over 20 years: 84.907.859 kWh

• Average price for PV: 0,22 DKK/kWh

• Average price for standard price grid: 0,63 DKK/kWh

The generated electricity solution of the Koge Kyst site is about

33% cheaper than the average solution from the Danish

electricity grid.

Benchmark The whole site will be provided by district heating. As stated in

the document “Fjernvarme i Køge – fakta” from June 2010, the

price for district heating will be 90% of the price for natural gas.

Given the price estimations form “Tabel 5 Brændselspriser inkl.

distributionstillæg, 2008-kr/GJ an forbrugssted” ” from the

document “Forudsætninger for samfundsøkonomiske analyser

på energiområdet” the average price for district heating

between 2010 and 2030 will be 0,276 DKK/GJ.

36


Indicator 39

Prepared by

Economy, energy

WSGT

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Indicator 40

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Local economy, energy

WSGT

02/07/2010

Benchmark Installing photovoltaic on the roof tops on the new buildings will

have a positive effect on the Danish economy. Even though

these installations go hand in hand with higher investment costs,

the photovoltaic installations will amortise after about 25 to 30

years.

However, solar cell have only quite intense investment costs in

the beginning, but do not have excessive maintenance costs

nor the need of any fossil fuels, they are going to be a very

cheap and sustainable energy solution in the future.

This causes a reduction in energy costs in the long run and will

make money available which can be invested in other

economic sectors.

On the other hand, the development of Køge Kyst can be seen

as a beacon project for sustainable urban development in

Denmark. Therefore, the project could foster further research in

photovoltaic and cause ongoing investments in that section. This

in return – as stated in the German study “Renewable Energies:

Employment Effects (Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature

conservation and Nuclear Safety, 2006) – will have a positive

effect on the labour market and hence strengthen the Danish

economy.

Similar effects will result from the proposed district heating

facility, which is based on a biomass power plant and can also

be considered as a renewable energy.

Benchmark As shown in indicator 37, the installation of roof top mounted

photovoltaic will cause a reduction in electricity costs for this

supply solution. This in return will make money available for the

local residents, which can be spent at local businesses and

hence contribute to the economy.

On the other hand, during construction phase, local construction

companies and Danish/local solar cell manufacturer can get

the contract to produce and install the photovoltaic installations,

which will initiate a flow of money into the local economy of

Køge.

37


Indicator 41

Prepared by

Construction costs, roads

WSP

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Indicator 42

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Construction costs, bicycle paths

WSP

02/07/2010

Benchmark Prices are based on reference prices from similar projects in

Sweden and Denmark. In the economy model prices from

Central Europe is also taken into account in order to give a

evaluated estimate.

Benchmark Prices are based on reference prices from similar projects in

Sweden and Denmark. In the economy model prices from

Central Europe is also taken into account in order to give a

evaluated estimate.

New roads 5.000.000 DKK

New road tunnel 20.000.000 DKK

New bridge station - Collstrop 13.500.000 DKK

New bridge centre - harbour 31.500.000 DKK

New bridge river - marina 9.000.000 DKK

The planned bicyclepaths will cost 3.600.000 DKK.

TOTAL: 79.000.000 DKK

38


Indicator 43

Prepared by

Construction costs, running paths/ footpaths,

pavements, etc.

WSP

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Indicator 44

Prepared by WSP

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Constructions costs, new public transport in the

urban district in addition to existing public

transport

Benchmark Prices are based on reference prices from similar projects in

Sweden and Denmark. In the economy model prices from

Central Europe is also taken into account in order to give a

evaluated estimate.

The planned runningspaths/footpaths, pavements and sidewalks

will cost 4.100.000 DKK

Benchmark Prices are based on reference prices from similar projects in

Sweden and Denmark. In the economy model prices from

Central Europe is also taken into account in order to give a

evaluated estimate.

Facilities for making the public transport more preferable and

comfortable, such as service and generous parking for bicycles

will cost 1.000.000 DKK.

39


Indicator 45

Prepared by

Construction costs, parking

WSP

Submission

Date 22/07/2010

Indicator 46

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Economy, transport

WSP

27/05/2010

Benchmark According to the competition brief, parking must be met by a

distribution of 50% in underground car parks, 30% in multi-storey

car parks and 20% in ground-level car parks. A calculation of

Area Use with the corresponding Parking Norm shows that there

is a total demand of about 5.730 parking spaces. (2.860 in

underground car parks, 1.720 in multi-storey car parks and 1.150

in ground-level car parks).

The demand will be met by developing the needed parking

facilities according to the growth of the built up area. Most of

the demand will be established locally and underground in

private parking by the individual clients on their own title

number.

Another big contingent will be constructed in multi-storey car

parks, mainly serving as public parking for park & ride on

Collstrop Site and for Culture & Leisure, as well as for Retail &

Commerce distributed in suitable locations in Søndre Havn and

Station Area. These public parking facilities will be characterised

by a high amount of turnover during the day. Because of the

different user patterns, shopping and services during the day

and culture & leisure mainly in the evening, they will have a high

occupancy rate and therefore the total amount of parking that

has to be established could be reduced.

Most of the ground-level parking will be on street parking and will

serve mainly visitors and clients for relatively short stops. For these

parking bays an intelligent payment system will be introduced to

optimise the turnover on these spaces. The share of 20% groundlevel

parking could be reduced by providing more space in

multi-storey car parks, in order to liberate more ground space

from cars and consequently creating larger public spaces of

higher quality.

A guidance system will help drivers to find vacant parking close

to their destination and as a result reduce traffic.

Benchmark The investments in infrastructure will have a neutral effect on the

over all economy, as they will be financed by governmental

income from the continuous establishment of commercial areas.

40


Indicator 47

Prepared by

Local economy, transport

WSP

Submission

Date 27/05/2010

Indicator 48

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Construction costs, rainwater solution

WSP

02707/2010

Benchmark The investments in infrastructure will have a neutral effect on the

over all economy, as they will be financed by governmental

income from the continious etsblishement of commercial areas.

Benchmark Prices are based on reference prices from similar projects in

Sweden and Denmark. In the economy model prices from

Central Europe is also taken into account in order to give a

evaluated estimate.

The construction costs for the rainwater solution will be 2.200.000

DKK

41


Indicator 49

Prepared by

Economy, rainwater solution

MASU/WSP

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Indicator 50

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Local economy, rainwater solution

MASU/WSP

02/07/2010

Benchmark • It´s a benefit for the society to be able to releave pressure

on systems for sewage by building separate

rainwatersolutions. The need of pumps and other

expensive constructioncost will be minimized as well as the

cost for operation of the system. In the long run there will

be a big benefit for the society, as also the sewage

treatment works can be more optimized.

• Our proposal can evenmore optimize the rainwater system

itself, as we suggest ponds to level out the torrent of

rainwater. This is a positive effect on construction cost as

well as cost for operation.

• The rainwater solution can serve as a good example of

how rainwater can be used in a sustainable way, and

inspire other building projects in Denmark.

• The aesthetic and sustainable values of the rainwater

solution are an attraction for the area and attract wellfunctioning

citizens to new Køge areas, which affects the

economy positively.

• A successful area, which is both sustainable and a nice

place to be, gives the area good reputation regionally.

This increases the areas attraction and thereby ensures the

economic value of the area.

Benchmark

• The rainwater solution, where rainwater is separated from

sewer system, gives lower costs for water sewage

cleaning. Since green roofs and green areas absorb most

of the rainwater, there will not be necessary to expand

existing sewage system.

• The green roofs (sedum) are isolating and thus lowering

heating costs.

• Green areas give the area recreational and aesthetic

values.

• The system of reusing rainwater from the roofs in i.e. toilets,

showers and washing machines, saves clean water costs.

Since the water then is cleaned in root zone filters, the cost

for cleaning the water is also lowered.

• It´s a benefit for the local economy to be able to releave

pressure on systems for sewage by building separate

rainwatersolutions. The need of pumps and other

expensive constructioncost will be minimized as well as the

cost for operation of the system.

• Our proposal can optimize the rainwater system itself, as

we suggest ponds to level out the torrent of rainwater. This

is a positive effect on construction cost as well as cost for

operation.

42


Appendix

Indicator 50

Indicator 51

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Construction costs, waste management

WSP

28/05/2010

Benchmark Prices are based on reference prices from similar projects in

Sweden and Denmark. In the economy model prices from

Central Europe is also taken into account in order to give a

evaluated estimate.

The construction cost of the expected waste management

solution will be: 300.000 DKK

43


Indicator 52

Prepared

Economy, waste management

WSGT/WSP

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Indicator 53

Prepared

Submission

Date

Local economy, waste management

WSGT/WSP

02/07/2010

Benchmark By reducing the waste generation as described in indicator 15

the costs of waste collection and waste treatment will be

reduced.

A proper waste management with attractively designed

recycling collection points will not only motivate the habitants to

act considered with waste and resources but also the value of

the new development will be increased as it is a progressive

development and emphasis the sustainability character of the

Koge Kyst Master Plan Project and also of Denmark.

This project can be a nucleus for a minimized waste generation

and waste separation. By a high quantity and quality of

separated waste recycling companies will operate on full level

and will be profitable. This will achieve the need for further

development of technologies and will strengthen the Danish

economy.

Emptying frequency: once a week

Distance from:

1. residental units to waste sorting possibilities 100 m – 500 m

2. working places to waste sorting possibilities 500 m – 1500 m

This will have a positive effect on the overall economy:

Cost:

Waste management

Benefit:

Less risk/costs for contamination management

More recycling

Better health

Benchmark By reducing the waste generation as described in indicator 15

the costs of waste collection and waste treatment will be

reduced.

The investments in waste management areas will have a positive

effect on the local economy, as secondary raw material will be

generated (Waste separated for recycling). These secondary

raw materials will be soled and reused. This will not only gain

money to recover the investments to establish the waste

separation facilities but also jobs for workers in the recycling

companies.

By promoting (waste reducing) fun/recreation activities and

social facilities new job opportunities will occur and the

unemployment rate will be reduced (See also example in

Indicator 15). As a consequence local economy will be

supported as people will earn money, pay taxes and invest in

the local economy.

Emptying frequency: once a week

Distance from:

1. residental units to waste sorting possibilities 100 m – 500 m

2. working places to waste sorting possibilities 500 m – 1500 m

This will have a positive effect on the overall economy:

Cost:

Waste management

Benefit:

Less risk/costs for contamination management

More recycling

Better health

44


Indicator 54

Prepared by

Construction costs, physical framework, urban

life and health

MASU / C+V

Submission

Date 27/07/2010

Indicator 55

Prepared by

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Economy, physical framework, urban life and

health

MASU

Description Prices are based on reference prices from similar projects in

Sweden and Denmark. In the economy model prices from

Central Europe is also taken into account in order to give a

evaluated estimate.

The construction cost of the expected physical framework,

urban life and health is connected to the construction of the

following areas which area also set indicated in the business

model:

Urban spaces: 33.600 m2 28.560.000 DKK

Green areas: 12.500 m2 7.500.000 DKK

Harbour promenade: 8.000 m2 5.600.000 DKK

Beach promenade: 8.500 m2 5.950.000 DKK

Benchmark

• The area is designed with a lot of physical activities as well

as cultural experiences throughout the area. This gives a

vibrant city life and a good reputation to the city, which is

positive for the economy.

• A well-designed physical framework of outdoor urban

spaces, containing both physical activities and other forms

of culture, activates the inhabitants of the city. This

increase the inhabitants’ physical and mental health, in

the long run leading to lowered health care costs.

45


Indicator 56

Prepared by

Local economy, physical framework, urban life

and health

MASU

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Indicator 57

Prepared by

Submission

Date

Pollution and contamination management

WSP

02/07/2010

Benchmark

• A well-designed physical framework, with possibilities for

diverse experiences, gives a vibrant city life and thus

increases the attraction of Køge. The town gains a good

reputation and attracts tourists and visitors to the area.

• The area is designed with a lot of physical activities as well

as cultural experiences throughout the area. This gives a

vibrant city life and a good reputation to the city, which is

positive for the economy.

Benchmark Prices are based on reference prices from similar projects in

Sweden and Denmark. In the economy model prices from

Central Europe is also taken into account in order to give a

evaluated estimate.

Søndre Havn. 60.000.000 DKK

Collstrop area 10.000.000 DKK

TOTAL: 70.000.000 DKK

46


Indicator 58

Prepared by

Economy, pollution and contamination

management

WSP

Submission

Date 02/07/2010

Benchmark The investments in pollution and contamination solutions will

have a positive effect on the overall economy, as they will be

lower than expected (the Collsttrop area will be used only for

parking and trade).

47

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