ワシントン研究連絡センター 成田 智美 - JSPS Washington Office

jspsusa.org

ワシントン研究連絡センター 成田 智美 - JSPS Washington Office

1


1

1


1





1 Nature 2











NSF 3

1) Ph.D.


2)


1 201122

2 Cyranoski; Gilbert; Ledford; Nayar; Yahia (2011) p.276

3 National Science Foundation, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering (2013 2

18 ) http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/srvygradpostdoc/

2


NIH 4








NSF Science and Engineering

IndicatorsGraduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and EngineeringSurvey of

Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering


2003 2009 11,000 24

2009 57,714 2009 15,220

5 4 1

1 6

70,000

60,000

50,000

40,000

30,000

20,000

10,000

0

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009


2011 7.7 7

4 Office of Extramural Research, National Institutes of Health (2013 2 18 )

http://grants2.nih.gov/training/q&a.htm

5 20121

6 National Science Foundation (2009) p.203

7 National Science Foundation (2011a) Table 31

3


15 5


35 25

31 28

8



2 9


11%


16%



35%


13%


25%

3 10



14.0%


1.7%


0.4%


31.2%


13.8%


10.8%


28.0%


6

8

9 National Science Foundation (2009) pp. 203-204

10 20125

4


4


4 11



39%




4%




6%



51%


47 53

12 23

38

2008

4 96.6

64.7 8

1 4



57,714 1 1

273 12 1,000


11 National Science Foundation (2009) p. 206

12 201215

5


5 1,000 13




Science Engineering Health

1 5,594 2,058 58 3,478

2 1,590 766 184 640

3 1,570 515 112 943

4 1,361 877 372 112

5 1,320 817 0 503

6 1,195 765 43 387

7 MIT 1,193 686 478 29

8 1,141 668 115 358

9 1,135 673 81 381

10 1,067 547 162 358

11 1,024 575 117 332

12 1,003 574 94 335







2011

7 14




13 National Science Foundation (2009) p. 209

14 National Science Foundation (2011) Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2011 (2013 2 18 )

http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/sed/digest/2011/theme5.cfm#3

6


1999 5 NIH


35

12

15






2

16 2



COSEPUP

2000 17


1)

2)


3)

AAAS

2012 4 AAAS CEO Dr. Leshner Science 18 COSEPUP

2000 2

1)


15 200539-40

16 Sauermann; Roach (2012) (2013 2 18 )

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0036307

17 National Academy of Sciences; National Academy of Engineering; Institute of Medicine (2000)

18 Leshner (2012) p.276

7


2) AAAS

NPA Dr. Leshner NPA


NIH

2012 6 Dr. Tilghman NIH


Biomedical Workforce Working Group Draft Report



NIH

1) NIH 6

2)

3)


4) 39,264 42,000

5)

6)

NRC

NRC 2012 6

10 Research Universities and the Future

of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security



NPA


AAAS 2002 7

2003 NPA

Dr. Buxton

8


NPA 19

AAAS

P

18

2003 3 NPA


DC

6


Sigma Xi

2003

NPA

Pathway to Independence grant2006

NIH NSF NSF

NIH 2007

National Postdoc Appreciation Day2009 2010

90






NPA NPA

2007 CAPS-ACSP

NPA UKRSA

NPA 2012 7



60 4

1

APLU

NIH Dr. Collins APLU

AAU 20

19 Kaplan (2012b) pp.461-462

20 Kaplan (2012b) p.463

9


AAAS CEO Dr. Leshner CGS

NPA


21



1754

5 Times Higher Education

2012-2013 14

8,400 18,000 3,500 22

19 757 23

2012 10 16

Ms. Lily Bao Secora, Director, Office of Postdoctoral Affairs (OPA)

OPA

OPAVice President for Research Operations 2006

Vice President for Research Operations


OPA Ms. Secora 2 1







OPA


21 Leshner (2012) p.276

22 Columbia University Statistics & Facts (2013 2 18 )

http://www.columbia.edu/content/statistics-facts.html

23 National Science Foundation (2011b) p. 209

10


2









1885

Times Higher Education 2011-20122012-2013 2 2


7,000 8,800 2,000 24 1,590 25

2

2013 1 10

Prof. Joseph D. Puglisi, Stanford University School of Medicine


the Institutional Research and Academic Career Development

Awards (IRACDA)

Prof. Puglisi



24 Stanford Facts 2013 (2013 2 18 ) http://facts.stanford.edu/

25 National Science Foundation. (2011b) p.209

11


IRACDA 26

NIH NIGMS

IRACDA 550


Minority Serving Institutions: MSI

MSI 2 IRACDA 3 2

MSI



4 1






Postdoctoral Scholars






23










IRACDA


26 Price (2012a); Institutional Research and Academic Career Development Awards (IRACDA) (K12), National Institutes

of Health (2013 2 18 ) http://www.nigms.nih.gov/Training/CareerDev/TWDInstRes.htm

12


IRACDA 5 2 11




Prof. Puglisi

15

2









1









NIH









13


14


2013 2 18

A Working Group of the Advisory Committee to the Director, National Institutes of Health

(2012) BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH WORKFORCE WORKING GROUP DRAFT REPORT

Cyranoski, D.; Gilbert, N.; Ledford, H.; Nayar, A.; Yahia, M (2011) “The PhD Factory”, Nature,

472, pp.276-279

Kaplan, K. (2012a) Academia misses the mark, Nature, 485, pp.535-536

Kaplan, K. (2012b) A voice for the voiceless, Science, 489, pp.461-463

Leshner, A. (2012) Standards for Postdoc Training, Science, 336, p.276

National Academy of Sciences; National Academy of Engineering; Institute of Medicine

(2000) Enhancing the Postdoctoral Experience for Scientists and Engineers: A Guide for

Postdoctoral Scholars, Advisers, Institutions, Funding Organizations, and Disciplinary

Societies

National Research Council of the National Academies (2012) Research Universities and the

Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security

National Science Foundation (2011a) Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2011 (2013

2 18 ) http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/sed/digest/2011/

National Science Foundation (2011b) Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and

Engineering: Fall 2009

National Science Foundation (2012a) International Mobility and Employment

Characteristics among Recent Recipients of U.S. Doctorates

http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/infbrief/nsf13300/

National Science Foundation (2012b) Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Price, M. (2012a) Teaching Postdocs to Be Professors

http://sciencecareers.sciencemag.org/career_magazine/previous_issues/articles/2012_10_26/

caredit.a1200119

Price, M. (2012b) Young Researchers Deserve More Support, Reviews Say, Science, 336,

pp.1489-1490

Sauermann, H.; Roach, M. (2012) Science PhD Career Preferences: Levels, Changes, and

Advisor Encouragement

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0036307

Sigma Xi Postdoc Survey (2005) http://postdoc.sigmaxi.org/

Vantag, B. (2012) Scientists heeded call but few can find jobs, Washington Post, July 7, 2012,

p.A1

2011



http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/gijyutu/gijyutu10/toushin/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2012/03

/08/1317945_1.pdf

15


2008

14 25-35

2012

2009

http://www.nistep.go.jp/achiev/ftx/jpn/mat202j/pdf/mat202j.pdf

2005

10 3 39-41

URL 2013 2 18

Institutional Research and Academic Career Development Awards (IRACDA) (K12), National

Institute of Health http://www.nigms.nih.gov/Training/CareerDev/TWDInstRes.htm

National Postdoctoral Association http://www.nationalpostdoc.org/

National Science Foundation http://www.nsf.gov/index.jsp

Office of Extramural Research, National Institutes of Health

http://grants.nih.gov/grants/oer.htm

Office of Postdoc Affairs, Columbia University in the City of New York

http://postdocs.columbia.edu/

Stanford/San Jose State University IRACDA Program http://iracda.stanford.edu/

Times Higher Education World University Rankings

http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/

http://www.jspsusa.org/

16

More magazines by this user
Similar magazines