STEEL DOORS AND FRAMES 08110-1 VRE Woodbridge Sta

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STEEL DOORS AND FRAMES 08110-1 VRE Woodbridge Sta

STEEL DOORS AND FRAMES 08110-1

SECTION 08110

STEEL DOORS AND FRAMES

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary

Conditions and Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.

1.2 SUMMARY

A. This Section includes the following:

1. Steel doors.

2. Steel door frames.

3. Fire-rated door and frame assemblies.

4. Louvers in doors.

B. Related Sections include the following:

1. Division 4 Section "Unit Masonry Assemblies" for installing anchors and

grouting frames in masonry construction.

2. Division 8 Section "Door Hardware for door hardware and weather stripping.

3. Division 9 Section "Painting" for field painting factory-primed doors and frames.

1.3 DEFINITIONS

A. Steel Sheet Thicknesses: Thickness dimensions, including those referenced in

ANSI A250.8, are minimums as defined in referenced ASTM standards for both

uncoated steel sheet and the uncoated base metal of metallic-coated steel sheets.

1.4 SUBMITTALS

A. Product Data: For each type of door and frame indicated, include door designation,

type, level and model, material description, core description, construction details, label

compliance, sound and fire-resistance ratings, and finishes.

B. Shop Drawing for Window Frames: Show the following:

1. Elevations of each different window frame design.

2. Details of window frames including vertical and horizontal edge details.

3. Frame details for each frame type including dimensioned profiles.

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4. Details and locations of reinforcement and preparations for attachment.

5. Details of each different opening condition.

6. Details of anchorages, accessories, joints, and connections.

7. Coordination of glazing frames and stops with glass and glazing requirements.

C. Door Schedule: Use same reference designations indicated on Drawings in preparing

schedule for doors and frames.

D. Oversize Construction Certificates: For door assemblies required to be fire-protection

rated and exceeding size limitations of labeled assemblies.

1.5 QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Steel Door and Frame Standard: Comply with ANSI A 250.8, unless more stringent

requirements are indicated.

B. Fire-Rated Door Assemblies: Assemblies complying with NFPA 80 that are listed and

labeled by a testing and inspecting agency acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction,

for fire-protection ratings indicated, based on testing according to NFPA 252.

1. Test Pressure: Test at atmospheric pressure.

2. Oversize Fire-Rated Door Assemblies: For units exceeding sizes of tested

assemblies, provide certification by a testing agency acceptable to authorities

having jurisdiction that doors comply with standard construction requirements for

tested and labeled fire-rated door assemblies except for size.

3. Temperature-Rise Rating: Where indicated, provide doors that have a

temperature-rise rating of 450 deg F (250 deg C) maximum in 30 minutes of fire

exposure.

1.6 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

A. Deliver doors and frames cardboard-wrapped or crated to provide protection during

transit and job storage. Provide additional protection to prevent damage to finish of

factory-finished doors and frames.

B. Inspect doors and frames on delivery for damage, and notify shipper and supplier if

damage is found. Minor damages may be repaired provided refinished items match new

work and are acceptable to Architect. Remove and replace damaged items that cannot

be repaired as directed.

C. Store doors and frames at building site under cover. Place units on minimum 4-inchhigh

wood blocking. Avoid using nonvented plastic or canvas shelters that could create

a humidity chamber. If door packaging becomes wet, remove cartons immediately.

Provide minimum 1/4-inch spaces between stacked doors to permit air circulation.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

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2.1 MANUFACTURERS

A. Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers

offering products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to,

the following:

1. Steel Doors and Frames:

a. Ceco Door Products; a United Dominion Company.

b. Curries Company.

c. Kewanee Corporation (The).

d. Pioneer Industries Inc.

e. Republic Builders Products.

f. Steelcraft; a division of Ingersoll-Rand.

2.2 MATERIALS

A. Hot-Rolled Steel Sheets: ASTM A 569/A 569M, Commercial Steel (CS), Type B; free

of scale, pitting, or surface defects; pickled and oiled.

B. Cold-Rolled Steel Sheets: ASTM A 366/A 366M, Commercial Steel (CS), or

ASTM A 620/A 620M, Drawing Steel (DS), Type B; stretcher-leveled standard of

flatness.

C. Metallic-Coated Steel Sheets: ASTM A 653/A 653M, Commercial Steel (CS), Type B,

with an A40 (ZF120) zinc-iron-alloy (galvannealed) coating; stretcher-leveled standard

of flatness.

2.3 DOORS

A. General: Provide doors of sizes, thicknesses, and designs indicated.

B. Doors: Provide doors complying with requirements indicated below by referencing

ANSI A250.8 for level and model and ANSI A250.4 for physical-endurance level:

1. Level 2 and Physical Performance Level B, (Heavy Duty), Model.

C. Door Louvers: Provide louvers for interior doors, where indicated, that comply with

SDI 111C, with blades or baffles formed of 0.020-inch-thick, cold-rolled steel sheet set

into 0.032-inch- thick steel frame.

1. Sightproof Louvers: Stationary louvers constructed with inverted V-shaped or Y-

shaped blades.

2.4 FRAMES

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A. General: Provide steel frames for doors, transoms, sidelights, borrowed lights, and

other openings that comply with ANSI A250.8 and with details indicated for type and

profile. Conceal fastenings, unless otherwise indicated.

B. Frames of 0.053-inch-thick steel sheet for:

1. Door openings wider than 48 inches.

2. Level 2 steel doors.

C. Door Silencers: Except on weather-stripped frames, fabricate stops to receive three

silencers on strike jambs of single-door frames and two silencers on heads of doubledoor

frames.

D. Supports and Anchors: Fabricated from not less than 0.042-inch-thick, electrolytic

zinc-coated or metallic-coated steel sheet.

1. Wall Anchors in Masonry Construction: 0.177-inch-diameter, steel wire

complying with ASTM A 510 (ASTM A 510M) may be used in place of steel

sheet.

E. Inserts, Bolts, and Fasteners: Manufacturer's standard units. Where zinc-coated items

are to be built into exterior walls, comply with ASTM A 153/A 153M, Class C or D as

applicable.

2.5 FABRICATION

A. General: Fabricate steel door and frame units to comply with ANSI A250.8 and to be

rigid, neat in appearance, and free from defects including warp and buckle. Where

practical, fit and assemble units in manufacturer's plant. Clearly identify work that

cannot be permanently factory assembled before shipment, to assure proper assembly at

Project site.

B. Door Construction: Fabricate doors, panels, and frames from galvanized (G60) steel

sheet. Close top and bottom edges of doors flush as an integral part of door

construction or by addition of 0.053-inch-thick, metallic-coated steel channels with

channel webs placed even with top and bottom edges.

C. Core Construction: Manufacturer's standard core construction that produces a door

complying with SDI standards.

D. Clearances for Non-Fire-Rated Doors: Not more than 1/8 inch at jambs and heads,

except not more than 1/4 inch between pairs of doors. Not more than 3/4 inch at

bottom.

E. Clearances for Fire-Rated Doors: As required by NFPA 80.

F. Single-Acting, Door-Edge Profile: Square edge.

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G. Tolerances: Comply with SDI 117, "Manufacturing Tolerances for Standard Steel

Doors and Frames."

H. Fabricate concealed stiffeners, reinforcement, edge channels, louvers, and moldings

from either cold- or hot-rolled steel sheet.

I. Exposed Fasteners: Unless otherwise indicated, provide countersunk flat or oval heads

for exposed screws and bolts.

J. Thermal-Rated (Insulating) Assemblies: Provide doors fabricated as thermal-insulating

door and frame assemblies and tested according to ASTM C 236 or ASTM C 976 on

fully operable door assemblies.

1. Unless otherwise indicated, provide thermal-rated assemblies with U-value of

0.41 Btu/sq. ft. x h x deg F or better.

K. Hardware Preparation: Prepare doors and frames to receive mortised and concealed

hardware according to final door hardware schedule and templates provided by

hardware supplier. Comply with applicable requirements in ANSI A250.6 and

ANSI A115 Series specifications for door and frame preparation for hardware.

1. For concealed overhead door closers, provide space, cutouts, reinforcement, and

provisions for fastening in top rail of doors or head of frames, as applicable.

L. Frame Construction: Fabricate frames to shape shown.

1. Fabricate frames with mitered or coped and continuously welded corners and

seamless face joints.

2. Provide welded frames with temporary spreader bars.

3. Provide terminated stops unless otherwise indicated.

4. Fabricate from galvanized steel (G60).

M. Reinforce doors and frames to receive surface-applied hardware. Drilling and tapping

for surface-applied hardware may be done at Project site.

N. Locate hardware as indicated on Shop Drawings or, if not indicated, according to

ANSI A250.8.

O. Glazing Stops: Manufacturer's standard, formed from 0.032-inch-thick steel sheet.

1. Provide screw-applied, removable, glazing stops on inside of glass, louvers, and

other panels in doors.

P. Astragals: As required by NFPA 80 to provide fire ratings indicated.

2.6 FINISHES

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A. Prime Finish: Manufacturer's standard, factory-applied coat of rust-inhibiting primer

complying with ANSI A250.10 for acceptance criteria.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1 INSTALLATION

A. General: Install steel doors, frames, and accessories according to Shop Drawings,

manufacturer's data, and as specified.

B. Placing Frames: Comply with provisions in SDI 105, unless otherwise indicated. Set

frames accurately in position, plumbed, aligned, and braced securely until permanent

anchors are set. After wall construction is completed, remove temporary braces and

spreaders, leaving surfaces smooth and undamaged.

1. Place frames before construction of enclosing walls and ceilings.

2. In masonry construction, provide at least three wall anchors per jamb; install

adjacent to hinge location on hinge jamb and at corresponding heights on strike

jamb. Acceptable anchors include masonry wire anchors and masonry T-shaped

anchors.

3. In completed concrete or masonry construction, provide at least three completed

opening anchors per jamb; install adjacent to hinge location on hinge jamb and at

corresponding heights on strike jamb. Set frames and secure to adjacent

construction with bolts and masonry anchorage devices.

4. Install fire-rated frames according to NFPA 80.

5. For openings 90 inches or more in height, install an additional anchor at hinge and

strike jambs.

C. Door Installation: Comply with ANSI A250.8. Fit hollow-metal doors accurately in

frames, within clearances specified in ANSI A250.8. Shim as necessary to comply with

SDI 122 and ANSI/DHI A115.1G.

1. Fire-Rated Doors: Install within clearances specified in NFPA 80.

2. Smoke-Control Doors: Install to comply with NFPA 105.

3.2 ADJUSTING AND CLEANING

A. Prime-Coat Touchup: Immediately after installation, sand smooth any rusted or

damaged areas of prime coat and apply touch up of compatible air-drying primer.

B. Protection Removal: Immediately before final inspection, remove protective wrappings

from doors and frames.

END OF SECTION 08110

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SECTION 08711

DOOR HARDWARE

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary

Conditions and Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.

1.2 SUMMARY

A. This Section includes the following:

1. Commercial door hardware for the following:

a. Swinging doors and gates.

2. Cylinders for doors specified in other Sections.

B. Related Sections include the following:

1. Division 5 Section “ Metal fabrications” for metal gates.

2. Division 8 Section "Steel Doors and Frames" for door silencers provided as part

of the frame.

1.3 SUBMITTALS

A. Product Data: Include installation details, material descriptions, dimensions of

individual components and profiles, and finishes.

1. Door Hardware: As follows:

a. Hinges.

b. Locks and latches.

c. Cylinders and keys.

d. Operating trim.

e. Closers.

f. Stops and holders.

g. Protective trim.

h. Door gasketing.

i. Thresholds.

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j. Miscellaneous items.

B. Door Hardware Schedule: Prepared by or under the supervision of supplier, detailing

fabrication and assembly of door hardware, as well as procedures and diagrams.

Coordinate the final Door Hardware Schedule with doors, frames, and related work to

ensure proper size, thickness, hand, function, and finish of door hardware.

1. Format: Comply with scheduling sequence and vertical format in DHI's

"Sequence and Format for the Hardware Schedule."

2. Organization: Organize the Door Hardware Schedule into door hardware sets

indicating complete designations of every item required for each door or opening.

a. Organize door hardware sets in same order as in the Door Hardware

Schedule at the end of Part 3.

3. Content: Include the following information:

a. Type, style, function, size, label, hand, and finish of each door hardware

item.

b. Manufacturer of each item.

c. Fastenings and other pertinent information.

d. Location of each door hardware set, cross-referenced to Drawings, both on

floor plans and in door and frame schedule.

e. Explanation of abbreviations, symbols, and codes contained in schedule.

f. Mounting locations for door hardware.

g. Door and frame sizes and materials.

4. Submittal Sequence: Submit the final Door Hardware Schedule at earliest

possible date, particularly where approval of the Door Hardware Schedule must

precede fabrication of other work that is critical in the Project construction

schedule. Include Product Data, Samples, Shop Drawings of other work affected

by door hardware, and other information essential to the coordinated review of the

Door Hardware Schedule.

C. Keying Schedule: Prepared by or under the supervision of supplier, detailing Owner's

final keying instructions for locks. Include schematic keying diagram and index each

key set to unique door designations.

D. Qualification Data: For firms and persons specified in "Quality Assurance" Article.

1. Include lists of completed projects with project names and addresses of architects

and owners, and other information specified.

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E. Product Test Reports: Based on evaluation of comprehensive tests performed by

manufacturer and witnessed by a qualified testing agency, indicating current products

comply with requirements.

F. Maintenance Data: For each type of door hardware to include in maintenance manuals

specified in Division 1.

G. Warranties: Special warranties specified in this Section.

1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Installer Qualifications: An experienced installer who has completed door hardware

similar in material, design, and extent to that indicated for this Project and whose work

has resulted in construction with a record of successful in-service performance.

B. Supplier Qualifications: Door hardware supplier with warehousing facilities in Project's

vicinity and who is or employs a qualified Architectural Hardware Consultant, available

during the course of the Work to consult with Contractor, Architect, and Owner about

door hardware and keying.

1. Scheduling Responsibility: Preparation of door hardware and keying schedules.

C. Architectural Hardware Consultant Qualifications: A person who is currently certified

by the Door and Hardware Institute as an Architectural Hardware Consultant and who is

experienced in providing consulting services for door hardware installations that are

comparable in material, design, and extent to that indicated for this Project.

D. Source Limitations: Obtain each type and variety of door hardware from a single

manufacturer, unless otherwise indicated.

1.5 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

A. Inventory door hardware on receipt and provide secure lock-up for door hardware

delivered to Project site.

B. Tag each item or package separately with identification related to the final Door

Hardware Schedule, and include basic installation instructions with each item or

package.

C. Deliver keys to manufacturer of key control system.

1.6 COORDINATION

A. Templates: Obtain and distribute to the parties involved templates for doors, frames,

and other work specified to be factory prepared for installing door hardware. Check

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Shop Drawings of other work to confirm that adequate provisions are made for locating

and installing door hardware to comply with indicated requirements.

1.7 WARRANTY

A. General Warranty: Special warranties specified in this Article shall not deprive Owner

of other rights Owner may have under other provisions of the Contract Documents and

shall be in addition to, and run concurrent with, other warranties made by Contractor

under requirements of the Contract Documents.

B. Special Warranty: Written warranty, executed by manufacturer agreeing to repair or

replace components of door hardware that fail in materials or workmanship within

specified warranty period. Failures include, but are not limited to, the following:

1. Structural failures including excessive deflection, cracking, or breakage.

2. Faulty operation of operators and door hardware.

3. Deterioration of metals, metal finishes, and other materials beyond normal

weathering.

C. Warranty Period: Three years from date of Substantial Completion, unless otherwise

indicated.

D. Warranty Period for Manual Closers: 10 years from date of Substantial Completion.

1.8 MAINTENANCE SERVICE

A. Maintenance Tools and Instructions: Furnish a complete set of specialized tools and

maintenance instructions as needed for Owner's continued adjustment, maintenance,

and removal and replacement of door hardware.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.1 SCHEDULED DOOR HARDWARE

A. General: Provide door hardware for each door to comply with requirements in this

Section, door hardware sets indicated in door and frame schedule, and the Door

Hardware Schedule at the end of Part 3.

1. Door Hardware Sets: Provide quantity, item, size, finish or color indicated, and

products complying with BHMA standard referenced.

B. Designations: Requirements for design, grade, function, finish, size, and other

distinctive qualities of each type of door hardware are indicated in the Door Hardware

Schedule at the end of Part 3. Products are identified by using door hardware

designations, as follows:

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1. References to BHMA Standards: Provide products complying with these

standards and requirements for description, quality, and function.

2.2 HINGES

A. Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers

offering products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to,

the following:

1. Hinges:

a. Baldwin Hardware Corporation (BH).

b. Bommer Industries, Inc. (BI).

c. Cal-Royal Products, Inc. (CRP).

d. Hager Companies (HAG).

e. Lawrence Brothers, Inc. (LB).

f. McKinney Products Company; Div. of ESSEX Industries, Inc. (MCK).

g. Mont-Hard Corporation; Div. of Fanal, SA (MH).

h. PBB, Inc. (PBB).

i. Sargent Manufacturing Company; Div. of ESSEX Industries, Inc. (SGT).

j. Stanley Commercial Hardware; Div. of The Stanley Works (STH).

B. Standards: Comply with the following:

1. Butts and Hinges: BHMA A156.1.

2. Template Hinge Dimensions: BHMA A156.7.

C. Quantity: Provide the following, unless otherwise indicated:

1. Two Hinges: For doors with heights up to 60 inches.

2. Three Hinges: For doors with heights 61 to 90 inches.

3. Four Hinges: For doors with heights 91 to 120 inches.

4. For doors with heights more than 120 inches, provide 4 hinges, plus 1 hinge for

every 30 inches of door height greater than 120 inches.

D. Size: Provide the following, unless otherwise indicated, with hinge widths sized for

door thickness and clearances required:

Maximum Door Size

(inches)

Hinge

Height

(inches)

Metal Thickness (inches)

Standard Heavy

Weight Weight

32 by 84 by 1-3/8 3-1/2 0.123 -

36 by 84 by 1-3/8 4 0.130 -

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36 by 84 by 1-3/4 4-1/2 0.134 0.180

42 by 90 by 1-3/4 4-1/2 0.134 0.180

48 by 120 by 1-3/4 5 0.146 0.190

E. Template Requirements: Except for hinges and pivots to be installed entirely (both

leaves) into wood doors and frames, provide only template-produced units.

F. Hinge Weight: Unless otherwise indicated, provide the following:

1. Doors with Closers: Antifriction-bearing hinges.

G. Hinge Base Metal: Unless otherwise indicated, provide the following:

1. Hinges: Stainless steel, with stainless-steel pin.

H. Fasteners: Comply with the following:

1. Machine Screws: For metal doors and frames. Install into drilled and tapped

holes.

2. Screws: Phillips flat-head screws; machine screws (drilled and tapped holes) for

metal doors.and frames. Finish screw heads to match surface of hinges.

2.3 LOCKS AND LATCHES

A. Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers

offering products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to,

the following:

1. Mechanical Locks and Latches:

a. Best Lock Corporation (BLC).

b. Corbin Russwin Architectural Hardware; Div. of Yale Security Inc. (CR).

c. Sargent Manufacturing Company; Div. of ESSEX Industries, Inc. (SGT).

d. Schlage Lock Company; an Ingersoll-Rand Company (SCH).

e. Yale Security Inc.; Div. of Williams Holdings (YAL).

B. Standards: Comply with the following:

1. Bored Locks and Latches: BHMA A156.2.

C. Bored Locks: BHMA Grade 1, unless Grade 2 is indicated; Series 4000.

D. Certified Products: Provide door hardware listed in the following BHMA directories:

1. Mechanical Locks and Latches: BHMA's "Directory of Certified Locks &

Latches."

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E. Lock Trim: Comply with the following:

1. Lever: Wrought, forged, or cast.

2. Escutcheon (Rose): Wrought, forged, or cast.

3. Lockset Designs: Provide the lockset design designated below or, if sets are

provided by another manufacturer, provide designs that match those designated:

a. Bored Locks: Schlage; Sparta.

F. Lock Functions: Function numbers and descriptions indicated in the Door Hardware

Schedule comply with the following:

1. Bored Locks: BHMA A156.2.

G. Lock Throw: Comply with testing requirements for length of bolts to comply with

labeled fire door requirements, and as follows:

1. Bored Locks: Minimum 1/2-inch latchbolt throw.

H. Backset: 2-3/4 inches, unless otherwise indicated.

2.4 CYLINDERS AND KEYING

A. Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers

offering products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to,

the following:

1. Cylinders: Same manufacturer as for locks and latches as follows.

a. Best Lock Corporation (BLC).

b. Corbin Russwin Architectural Hardware; Div. of Yale Security Inc. (CR).

c. Sargent Manufacturing Company; Div. of ESSEX Industries, Inc. (SGT).

d. Schlage Lock Company; an Ingersoll-Rand Company (SCH).

e. Yale Security Inc.; Div. of Williams Holdings (YAL).

B. Standards: Comply with the following:

1. Cylinders: BHMA A156.5.

C. Cylinder Grade: BHMA Grade 1, unless Grade 2 is indicated.

D. Cylinders: Manufacturer's standard tumbler type, constructed from brass or bronze,

stainless steel, or nickel silver, and complying with the following:

1. Number of Pins: Six or Seven as required by Owner.

2. Bored-Lock Type: Cylinders with tailpieces to suit locks.

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E. Permanent Cores: Manufacturer's standard; finish face to match lockset; complying

with the following:

1. Removable Cores: Core insert, removable by use of a special key, and for use

with only the core manufacturer's cylinder and door hardware.

F. Construction Keying: Comply with the following:

1. Construction Cores: Provide construction cores that are replaceable by permanent

cores. Provide 10 construction master keys.

a. Replace construction cores with permanent cores, as indicated in keying

schedule and or as directed by Owner.

G. Keying System: Unless otherwise indicated, provide a factory-registered keying system

complying with the following requirements:

1. Existing System: Master key or grand master key locks to Owner's existing

system.

a. Cylinders shall be master keyed.

H. Keys: Provide nickel-silver keys complying with the following:

1. Stamping: Permanently inscribe each key with a visual key control number and

include the following notation:

a. Notation: "DO NOT DUPLICATE."

2. Quantity: In addition to one extra blank key for each lock, provide the following:

a. Cylinder Change Keys: Three.

b. Master Keys: Five.

2.5 STRIKES

A. Standards: Comply with the following:

1. Strikes for Bored Locks and Latches: BHMA A156.2.

B. Strikes: Provide manufacturer's standard strike with strike box for each latch or lock

bolt, with curved lip extended to protect frame, finished to match door hardware set,

unless otherwise indicated, and as follows:

1. Flat-Lip Strikes: For locks with three-piece antifriction latchbolts, as

recommended by manufacturer.

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2.6 CLOSERS

A. Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers

offering products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to,

the following:

1. Surface-Mounted Closers:

a. Corbin Russwin Architectural Hardware; Div. of Yale Security Inc. (CR).

b. DORMA Door Controls Inc.; Member of The DORMA Group (DC).

c. LCN Closers; an Ingersoll-Rand Company (LCN).

d. Norton Door Controls; Div. of Yale Security Inc. (NDC).

e. Sargent Manufacturing Company; Div. of ESSEX Industries, Inc. (SGT).

f. Yale Security Inc.; Div. of Williams Holdings (YAL).

B. Standards: Comply with the following:

1. Closers: BHMA A156.4.

C. Surface Closers: BHMA Grade 1, unless Grade 2 is indicated.

D. Certified Products: Provide door closers listed in BHMA's "Directory of Certified Door

Closers."

E. Size of Units: Unless otherwise indicated, comply with manufacturer's written

recommendations for size of door closers depending on size of door, exposure to

weather, and anticipated frequency of use. Provide factory-sized closers, adjustable to

meet field conditions and requirements for opening force.

2.7 PROTECTIVE TRIM UNITS

A. Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers

offering products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to,

the following:

1. Metal Protective Trim Units:

a. American Floor Products Co., Inc. (AFP).

b. Arden Architectural Specialties, Inc. (AAS).

c. Baldwin Hardware Corporation (BH).

d. Burns Manufacturing Incorporated (BM).

e. Don-Jo Mfg., Inc. (DJO).

f. Hager Companies (HAG).

g. Hiawatha, Inc. (HIA).

h. IPC Door and Wall Protection Systems, Inc. (IPC).

i. Ives: H. B. Ives (IVS).

j. NT Quality Hardware; an Ingersoll-Rand Company (NTQ).

k. Pawling Corporation (PAW).

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l. Rockwood Manufacturing Company (RM).

m. Triangle Brass Manufacturing Company, Inc. (TBM).

n. Wilkinson Company, Inc. (WIL).

B. Standard: Comply with BHMA A156.6.

C. Materials: Fabricate protection plates from the following:

1. Stainless Steel: 0.050 inch thick; beveled top and 2 sides.

D. Fasteners: Provide manufacturer's standard exposed fasteners for door trim units

consisting of either machine or self-tapping screws.

E. Furnish protection plates sized 1-1/2 inches less than door width on push side and 1/2

inch less than door width on pull side, by height specified in Door Hardware Schedule.

2.8 STOPS AND HOLDERS

A. Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers

offering products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to,

the following:

1. Architectural Builders Hardware Mfg., Inc. (ABH).

2. Baldwin Hardware Corporation (BH).

3. Burns Manufacturing Incorporated (BM).

4. Door Controls International (DCI).

5. DORMA Door Controls Inc.; Member of The DORMA Group (DC).

6. Glynn-Johnson; an Ingersoll-Rand Company (GJ).

7. Hager Companies (HAG).

8. Hanchett Entry Systems, Inc. (HES).

9. Hiawatha, Inc. (HIA).

10. Ives: H. B. Ives (IVS).

11. LCN Closers; an Ingersoll-Rand Company (LCN).

12. Norton Door Controls; Div. of Yale Security Inc. (NDC).

13. NT Dor-O-Matic Hardware Div.; an Ingersoll-Rand Company (NTD).

14. NT Quality Hardware; an Ingersoll-Rand Company (NTQ).

15. Rixson-Firemark, Inc.; Div. of Yale Security Inc. (RIX).

16. Rockwood Manufacturing Company (RM).

17. Sargent Manufacturing Company; Div. of ESSEX Industries, Inc. (SGT).

18. Triangle Brass Manufacturing Company, Inc. (TBM).

19. Yale Security Inc.; Div. of Williams Holdings (YAL).

B. Standards: Comply with the following:

1. Stops and Bumpers: BHMA A156.16.

C. Stops and Bumpers: BHMA Grade 1, unless Grade 2 is indicated.

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DOOR HARDWARE 08711-11

D. Floor Stops: For doors, unless wall or other type stops are scheduled or indicated. Do

not mount floor stops where they will impede traffic.

2.9 DOOR GASKETING

A. Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers

offering products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to,

the following:

1. Door Gasketing:

a. Hager Companies (HAG).

b. National Guard Products, Inc. (NGP).

c. Pemko Manufacturing Co., Inc. (PEM).

d. Reese Enterprises, Inc. (RE).

e. Sealeze Corporation (SEL).

f. Ultra Industries; a Macklanburg-Duncan Company (ULT).

g. Zero International, Inc. (ZRO).

2. Door Bottoms:

a. Hager Companies (HAG).

b. National Guard Products, Inc. (NGP).

c. Pemko Manufacturing Co., Inc. (PEM).

d. Reese Enterprises, Inc. (RE).

e. Ultra Industries; a Macklanburg-Duncan Company (ULT).

f. Zero International, Inc. (ZRO).

B. Standard: Comply with BHMA A156.22.

C. General: Provide continuous weather-strip gasketing on exterior doors and provide

smoke, light, or sound gasketing on interior doors where indicated or scheduled.

Provide noncorrosive fasteners for exterior applications and elsewhere as indicated.

1. Perimeter Gasketing: Apply to head and jamb, forming seal between door and

frame.

2. Meeting Stile Gasketing: Fasten to meeting stiles, forming seal when doors are

closed.

3. Door Bottoms: Apply to bottom of door, forming seal with threshold when door

is closed.

D. Air Leakage: Not to exceed 0.50 cfm per foot of crack length for gasketing other than

for smoke control, as tested according to ASTM E 283.

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DOOR HARDWARE 08711-12

E. Replaceable Seal Strips: Provide only those units where resilient or flexible seal strips

are easily replaceable and readily available from stocks maintained by manufacturer.

F. Gasketing Materials: Comply with ASTM D 2000 and AAMA 701/702.

2.10 THRESHOLDS

A. Available Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, manufacturers

offering products that may be incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to,

the following:

1. Hager Companies (HAG).

2. National Guard Products, Inc. (NGP).

3. NT Dor-O-Matic Hardware Div.; an Ingersoll-Rand Company (NTD).

4. Pemko Manufacturing Co., Inc. (PEM).

5. Reese Enterprises, Inc. (RE).

6. Rixson-Firemark, Inc.; Div. of Yale Security Inc. (RIX).

7. Ultra Industries; a Macklanburg-Duncan Company (ULT).

8. Zero International, Inc. (ZRO).

B. Standard: Comply with BHMA A156.21.

2.11 FABRICATION

A. Manufacturer's Nameplate: Do not provide manufacturers' products that have

manufacturer's name or trade name displayed in a visible location (omit removable

nameplates) except in conjunction with required fire-rated labels and as otherwise

approved by Architect.

1. Manufacturer's identification will be permitted on rim of lock cylinders only.

B. Base Metals: Produce door hardware units of base metal, fabricated by forming method

indicated, using manufacturer's standard metal alloy, composition, temper, and

hardness. Furnish metals of a quality equal to or greater than that of specified door

hardware units and BHMA A156.18 for finishes. Do not furnish manufacturer's

standard materials or forming methods if different from specified standard.

C. Fasteners: Provide door hardware manufactured to comply with published templates

generally prepared for machine, wood, and sheet metal screws. Provide screws

according to commercially recognized industry standards for application intended.

Provide Phillips flat-head screws with finished heads to match surface of door

hardware, unless otherwise indicated.

1. Concealed Fasteners: For door hardware units that are exposed when door is

closed, except for units already specified with concealed fasteners. Do not use

through bolts for installation where bolt head or nut on opposite face is exposed

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DOOR HARDWARE 08711-13

unless it is the only means of securely attaching the door hardware. Where

through bolts are used on hollow door and frame construction, provide sleeves for

each through bolt.

2. Steel Machine Screws: For the following fire-rated applications:

a. Mortise hinges to doors.

b. Strike plates to frames.

c. Closers to doors and frames.

3. Steel Through Bolts: For the following fire-rated applications, unless door

blocking is provided:

a. Closers to doors and frames.

b. Closers to doors and frames.

4. Spacers or Sex Bolts: For through bolting of hollow metal doors.

2.12 FINISHES

A. Standard: Comply with BHMA A156.18.

B. Protect mechanical finishes on exposed surfaces from damage by applying a strippable,

temporary protective covering before shipping.

C. Appearance of Finished Work: Variations in appearance of abutting or adjacent pieces

are acceptable if they are within one-half of the range of approved Samples. Noticeable

variations in the same piece are not acceptable. Variations in appearance of other

components are acceptable if they are within the range of approved Samples and are

assembled or installed to minimize contrast.

D. BHMA Designations: Comply with base material and finish requirements indicated by

the following:

1. BHMA 619: Satin nickel plated, clear coated, over brass or bronze base metal.

2. BHMA 626: Satin chromium plated over nickel, over brass or bronze base metal.

3. BHMA 630: Satin stainless steel, over stainless-steel base metal.

4. BHMA 652: Satin chromium plated over nickel, over steel base metal.

5. BHMA 718: Satin aluminum, uncoated; aluminum base metal.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1 EXAMINATION

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DOOR HARDWARE 08711-14

A. Examine doors and frames, with Installer present, for compliance with requirements for

installation tolerances, labeled fire door assembly construction, wall and floor

construction, and other conditions affecting performance.

B. Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.

3.2 PREPARATION

A. Steel Doors and Frames: Comply with DHI A115 series.

1. Surface-Applied Door Hardware: Drill and tap doors and frames according to

SDI 107.

3.3 INSTALLATION

A. Mounting Heights: Mount door hardware units at heights indicated in following

applicable publications, unless specifically indicated or required to comply with

governing regulations:

1. Standard Steel Doors and Frames: DHI's "Recommended Locations for

Architectural Hardware for Standard Steel Doors and Frames."

B. Install each door hardware item to comply with manufacturer's written instructions.

Where cutting and fitting are required to install door hardware onto or into surfaces that

are later to be painted or finished in another way, coordinate removal, storage, and

reinstallation of surface protective trim units with finishing work specified in Division 9

Sections. Do not install surface-mounted items until finishes have been completed on

substrates involved.

1. Set units level, plumb, and true to line and location. Adjust and reinforce

attachment substrates as necessary for proper installation and operation.

2. Drill and countersink units that are not factory prepared for anchorage fasteners.

Space fasteners and anchors according to industry standards.

C. Thresholds: Set thresholds for exterior and acoustical doors in full bed of sealant

complying with requirements specified in Division 7 Section "Joint Sealants."

3.4 ADJUSTING

A. Initial Adjustment: Adjust and check each operating item of door hardware and each

door to ensure proper operation or function of every unit. Replace units that cannot be

adjusted to operate as intended. Adjust door control devices to compensate for final

operation of heating and ventilating equipment and to comply with referenced

accessibility requirements.

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DOOR HARDWARE 08711-15

1. Door Closers: Adjust sweep period so that, from an open position of 70 degres,

the door

will take at least 3 seconds to move to a point 3 inches from the latch, measured to

the leading edge of the door.

3.5 CLEANING AND PROTECTION

A. Clean adjacent surfaces soiled by door hardware installation.

B. Clean operating items as necessary to restore proper function and finish.

C. Provide final protection and maintain conditions that ensure door hardware is without

damage or deterioration at time of Substantial Completion.

3.6 DOOR HARDWARE SCHEDULE

A. General: Hardware shall be furnished for each door to comply with requirements of this

section, hardware set numbers indicated in door schedule on the drawings and in the

following schedule of hardware sets.

1. Hardware sets indicate quantity, item ANSI designation, size and finish or color,

as applicable.

B. Finish: all hardware shall be BHMA-630. Thresholds, door closers and metal weather

stripping components shall be mill finish aluminum.

C. Abbreviations:

1. LDW Less Door Width

2. WOD Width of Door

3. WOF Width of Frame

4. HOD Height of Door

D. Hinges: Butt Hinges shall be 4 ½ inches by 4 ½ inches for doors 3 feet or narrower and

5 inches by 4 ½ inches for doors wider than 3 feet (except hinges 4 ½ inches by 4 ½

inches may be provided on all stock doors and frames). Three hinges shall be provided

on each door up to 7 feet 6 inches high. One additional hinge shall be provided for each

2 feet 6 inches of height over 7 feet 6 inches.

E. Locksets: All locksets shall be Heavy Duty. For double doors, 5 inch lockset with ¾

inch throw shall be provided. Stainless steel mechanisms shall be provided for all

locksets.

F. Hardware Set Schedule:

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DOOR HARDWARE 08711-16

1. HW-1: Each door shall have:

1. Panic Device on active leaf.

1. Cylinder with cylinder guard.

Other items see Division 5 Section “Metal Fabrications”.

2. HW-2: Each door shall have:

3 Hinges

1 Lockset-Storeroom (Knurled) F86 ANSI Grade 1

1 Overhead Closer w/hold open capability

ANSI Grade 1

2 Kickplates 12” x 2” LDW

1 Set smoke seals (Head and Jambs)

1 Floor Stop

END OF SECTION 08711

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GLAZING 08800-1

SECTION 08800

GLAZING

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary

Conditions and Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.

1.2 SUMMARY

A. This Section includes glazing for the following products and applications, including

those specified in other Sections where glazing requirements are specified by reference

to this Section:

1. Windows.

1.3 DEFINITIONS

A. Manufacturer: A firm that produces primary glass or fabricated glass as defined in

referenced glazing publications.

B. Deterioration of Laminated Glass: Defects developed from normal use that are

attributed to the manufacturing process and not to causes other than glass breakage and

practices for maintaining and cleaning laminated glass contrary to manufacturer's

written instructions. Defects include edge separation, delamination materially

obstructing vision through glass, and blemishes exceeding those allowed by referenced

laminated-glass standard.

1.4 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

A. General: Provide glazing systems capable of withstanding normal thermal movement

and wind and impact loads (where applicable) without failure, including loss or glass

breakage attributable to the following: defective manufacture, fabrication, and

installation; failure of sealants or gaskets to remain watertight and airtight; deterioration

of glazing materials; or other defects in construction.

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GLAZING 08800-2

B. Glass Design: Glass thicknesses indicated are minimums and are for detailing only.

Confirm glass thicknesses by analyzing Project loads and in-service conditions.

Provide glass lites for various size openings in nominal thicknesses indicated, but not

less than thicknesses and in strengths (annealed or heat treated) required to meet or

exceed the following criteria:

1. Glass Thicknesses: Select minimum glass thicknesses to comply with

ASTM E 1300, according to the following requirements:

a. Specified Design Wind Loads: Determine design wind loads applicable to

Project from basic wind speed indicated in miles per hour (meterrs per

second) at 33 feet (10 m) above grade, according to ASCE 7, "Minimum

Design Loads fro Buildings and Other Structures": Section 6.4.2 "Analytic

Procedure," based on mean roof heights above grade indicated on

Drawings.

b. Specified Design Snow Loads: As indicated, but not less than snow loads

applicable to Project, required by ASCE 7, "Minimum Design Loads for

Buildings and Other Structures": Section 7, "Snow Loads."

c. Probability of Breakage for Vertical Glazing: 8 lites per 1000 for lites set

vertically or not more than 15 degrees off vertical and under wind action.

1) Load Duration: 60 seconds or less.

d. Maximum Lateral Deflection: For the following types of glass supported

on all four edges, provide thickness required that limits center deflection at

design wind pressure to 1/50 times the short side length or 1 inch,

whichever is less.

1) For laminated-glass lites.

e. Minimum Glass Thickness for Exterior Lites: Not less than 6 mm.

f. Thickness of Tinted and Heat-Absorbing Glass: Provide the same thickness

for each tint color indicated throughout Project.

C. Thermal Movements: Provide glazing that allows for thermal movements resulting

from the following maximum change (range) in ambient and surface temperatures

acting on glass framing members and glazing components. Base engineering

calculation on surface temperatures of materials due to both solar heat gain and

nighttime-sky heat loss.

1. Temperature Change (Range): 120 deg F (67 deg C), ambient; 180 deg F (100

deg C), material surfaces.

D. Thermal and Optical Performance Properties: Provide glass with performance

properties specified based on manufacturer's published test data, as determined

according to procedures indicated below:

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GLAZING 08800-3

1. For laminated-glass lites, properties are based on products of construction

indicated.

2. Center-of-Glass U-Values: NFRC 100 methodology using LBL-35298

WINDOW 4.1 computer program, expressed as Btu/ sq. ft. x h x deg F.

3. Center-of-Glass Solar Heat Gain Coefficient: NFRC 200 methodology using

LBL-35298 WINDOW 4.1 computer program.

4. Solar Optical Properties: NFRC 300.

1.5 SUBMITTALS

A. Product Data: For each glass product and glazing material indicated.

B. Samples: For the following products, in the form of 12-inch-square Samples for glass.

1. Each type of laminated glass.

2. For each color (except black) of exposed glazing sealant indicated.

C. Shop Drawings: Coordinate glazing work with windows to verify indicated glazing

thicknesses. Provide thicker glazing if required per window manufacturer’s wind load

calculations.

D. Glazing Schedule: Use same designations indicated on Drawings for glazed openings

in preparing a schedule listing glass types and thicknesses for each size opening and

location.

E. Product Certificates: Signed by manufacturers of glass and glazing products certifying

that products furnished comply with requirements.

F. Qualification Data: For firms and persons specified in "Quality Assurance" Article to

demonstrate their capabilities and experience. Include lists of completed projects with

project names and addresses, names and addresses of architects and owners, and other

information specified.

G. Product Test Reports: From a qualified testing agency indicating the following

products comply with requirements, based on comprehensive testing of current

products:

1. Tinted float glass.

2. Glazing sealants.

H. SWRI Validation Certificate: For each elastomeric glazing sealant specified to be

validated by SWRI's Sealant Validation Program.

I. Warranties: Special warranties specified in this Section.

1.6 QUALITY ASSURANCE

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GLAZING 08800-4

A. Installer Qualifications: An experienced installer who has completed glazing similar in

material, design, and extent to that indicated for this Project; whose work has resulted in

glass installations with a record of successful in-service performance; and who employs

glass installers for this Project who are certified under the National Glass Association

Glazier Certification Program as Level 2 (Senior Glaziers) or Level 3 (Master Glaziers).

B. Installer Qualifications: An experienced installer who has completed glazing similar in

material, design, and extent to that indicated for Project and whose work has resulted in

construction with a record of successful in-service performance.

C. Source Limitations for Laminated Glass: Obtain laminated-glass units from one

manufacturer using the same type of glass lites and interlayers for each type of unit

indicated.

D. Source Limitations for Glazing Accessories: Obtain glazing accessories from one

source for each product and installation method indicated.

E. Glass Product Testing: Obtain glass test results for product test reports in "Submittals"

Article from a qualified testing agency based on testing glass products.

1. Glass Testing Agency Qualifications: An independent testing agency with the

experience and capability to conduct the testing indicated, as documented

according to ASTM E 548.

2. Glass Testing Agency Qualifications: An independent testing agency accredited

according to the NFRC CAP 1 Certification Agency Program.

F. Elastomeric Glazing Sealant Product Testing: Obtain sealant test results for product test

reports in "Submittals" Article from a qualified testing agency based on testing current

sealant formulations within a 36-month period.

1. Sealant Testing Agency Qualifications: An independent testing agency qualified

according to ASTM C 1021 to conduct the testing indicated, as documented

according to ASTM E 548.

2. Test elastomeric glazing sealants for compliance with requirements specified by

reference to ASTM C 920, and where applicable, to other standard test methods.

3. Test elastomeric glazing sealants according to SWRI's Sealant Validation

Program for compliance with requirements specified by reference to

ASTM C 920 for adhesion and cohesion under cyclic movement, adhesion-inpeel,

and indentation hardness.

G. Safety Glass: Category II materials complying with testing requirements in

16 CFR 1201 and ANSI Z97.1.

1. Subject to compliance with requirements, permanently mark safety glass with

certification label of Safety Glazing Certification Council or another certification

agency acceptable to authorities having jurisdiction.

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GLAZING 08800-5

H. Glazing Publications: Comply with published recommendations of glass product

manufacturers and organizations below, unless more stringent requirements are

indicated. Refer to these publications for glazing terms not otherwise defined in this

Section or in referenced standards.

1. GANA Publications: GANA'S "Glazing Manual" and "Laminated Glass Design

Guide."

2. SIGMA Publications: SIGMA TM-3000, "Vertical Glazing Guidelines," and

SIGMA TB-3001, "Sloped Glazing Guidelines."

1.7 DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING

A. Protect glazing materials according to manufacturer's written instructions and as needed

to prevent damage to glass and glazing materials from condensation, temperature

changes, direct exposure to sun, or other causes.

B. For insulating-glass units that will be exposed to substantial altitude changes, comply

with insulating-glass manufacturer's written recommendations for venting and sealing to

avoid hermetic seal ruptures.

1.8 PROJECT CONDITIONS

A. Environmental Limitations: Do not proceed with glazing when ambient and substrate

temperature conditions are outside limits permitted by glazing material manufacturers

and when glazing channel substrates are wet from rain, frost, condensation, or other

causes.

1. Do not install liquid glazing sealants when ambient and substrate temperature

conditions are outside limits permitted by glazing sealant manufacturer or below

40 deg F (4.4 deg C).

1.9 WARRANTY

A. General Warranty: Special warranties specified in this Article shall not deprive Owner

of other rights Owner may have under other provisions of the Contract Documents and

shall be in addition to, and run concurrent with, other warranties made by Contractor

under requirements of the Contract Documents.

B. Manufacturer's Special Warranty on Laminated Glass: Written warranty, made out to

Owner and signed by laminated-glass manufacturer agreeing to furnish replacements for

laminated-glass units that deteriorate as defined in "Definitions" Article, f.o.b. the

nearest shipping point to Project site, within specified warranty period indicated below.

1. Warranty Period: Five years from date of Substantial Completion.

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GLAZING 08800-6

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.1 PRODUCTS AND MANUFACTURERS

A. Available Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, products that may be

incorporated into the Work include, but are not limited to, the products indicated in

schedules at the end of Part 3.

B. Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, provide one of the products

indicated in schedules at the end of Part 3.

2.2 LAMINATED GLASS

A. Laminated Glass: Comply with ASTM C 1172 for kinds of laminated glass indicated

and other requirements specified, including those in the Laminated-Glass Schedule at

the end of Part 3.

B. Interlayer: Interlayer material as indicated below, clear or in colors, and of thickness

indicated with a proven record of no tendency to bubble, discolor, or lose physical and

mechanical properties after laminating glass lites and installation.

1. Interlayer Material: Polyvinyl butyral sheets.

C. Laminating Process: Fabricate laminated glass to produce glass free of foreign

substances and air or glass pockets as follows:

1. Laminate lites with polyvinyl butyral interlayer in autoclave with heat plus

pressure.

2.3 ELASTOMERIC GLAZING SEALANTS

A. General: Provide products of type indicated, complying with the following

requirements:

1. Compatibility: Select glazing sealants that are compatible with one another and

with other materials they will contact, including glass products, seals of

insulating-glass units, and glazing channel substrates, under conditions of service

and application, as demonstrated by sealant manufacturer based on testing and

field experience.

2. Suitability: Comply with sealant and glass manufacturers' written instructions for

selecting glazing sealants suitable for applications indicated and for conditions

existing at time of installation.

3. Colors of Exposed Glazing Sealants: As selected by Architect from

manufacturer's full range for this characteristic.

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GLAZING 08800-7

B. Elastomeric Glazing Sealant Standard: Comply with ASTM C 920 and other

requirements indicated for each liquid-applied, chemically curing sealant in the Glazing

Sealant Schedule at the end of Part 3, including those referencing ASTM C 920

classifications for type, grade, class, and uses.

1. Additional Movement Capability: Where additional movement capability is

specified in the Glazing Sealant Schedule, provide products with the capability,

when tested for adhesion and cohesion under maximum cyclic movement per

ASTM C 719, to withstand the specified percentage change in the joint width

existing at time of installation and remain in compliance with other requirements

in ASTM C 920 for uses indicated.

2.4 MISCELLANEOUS GLAZING MATERIALS

A. General: Provide products of material, size, and shape complying with referenced

glazing standard, requirements of manufacturers of glass and other glazing materials for

application indicated, and with a proven record of compatibility with surfaces contacted

in installation.

B. Cleaners, Primers, and Sealers: Types recommended by sealant or gasket manufacturer.

C. Setting Blocks: Elastomeric material with a Shore A durometer hardness of 85, plus or

minus 5.

D. Spacers: Elastomeric blocks or continuous extrusions with a Shore A durometer

hardness required by glass manufacturer to maintain glass lites in place for installation

indicated.

E. Edge Blocks: Elastomeric material of hardness needed to limit glass lateral movement

(side walking).

F. Cylindrical Glazing Sealant Backing: ASTM C 1330, Type O (open-cell material), of

size and density to control glazing sealant depth and otherwise produce optimum

glazing sealant performance.

2.5 FABRICATION OF GLASS AND OTHER GLAZING PRODUCTS

A. Fabricate glass and other glazing products in sizes required to glaze openings indicated

for Project, with edge and face clearances, edge and surface conditions, and bite

complying with written instructions of product manufacturer and referenced glazing

standard, to comply with system performance requirements.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1 EXAMINATION

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GLAZING 08800-8

A. Examine framing glazing, with Installer present, for compliance with the following:

1. Manufacturing and installation tolerances, including those for size, squareness,

and offsets at corners.

2. Minimum required face or edge clearances.

3. Effective sealing between joints of glass-framing members.

B. Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.

3.2 PREPARATION

A. Clean glazing channels and other framing members receiving glass immediately before

glazing. Remove coatings not firmly bonded to substrates.

3.3 GLAZING, GENERAL

A. Comply with combined written instructions of manufacturers of glass, sealants, gaskets,

and other glazing materials, unless more stringent requirements are indicated, including

those in referenced glazing publications.

B. Glazing channel dimensions, as indicated on Drawings, provide necessary bite on glass,

minimum edge and face clearances, and adequate sealant thicknesses, with reasonable

tolerances. Adjust as required by Project conditions during installation.

C. Protect glass edges from damage during handling and installation. Remove damaged

glass from Project site and legally dispose of off Project site. Damaged glass is glass

with edge damage or other imperfections that, when installed, could weaken glass and

impair performance and appearance.

D. Apply primers to joint surfaces where required for adhesion of sealants, as determined

by preconstruction sealant-substrate testing.

E. Install setting blocks in sill rabbets, sized and located to comply with referenced glazing

publications, unless otherwise required by glass manufacturer. Set blocks in thin course

of compatible sealant suitable for heel bead.

F. Do not exceed edge pressures stipulated by glass manufacturers for installing glass lites.

G. Provide spacers for glass lites where the length plus width is larger than 50 inches as

follows:

1. Locate spacers directly opposite each other on both inside and outside faces of

glass. Install correct size and spacing to preserve required face clearances, unless

gaskets and glazing tapes are used that have demonstrated ability to maintain

required face clearances and to comply with system performance requirements.

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GLAZING 08800-9

2. Provide 1/8-inch minimum bite of spacers on glass and use thickness equal to

sealant width. With glazing tape, use thickness slightly less than final compressed

thickness of tape.

H. Provide edge blocking where indicated or needed to prevent glass lites from moving

sideways in glazing channel, as recommended in writing by glass manufacturer and

according to requirements in referenced glazing publications.

I. Set glass lites in each series with uniform pattern, draw, bow, and similar

characteristics.

J. Square cut wedge-shaped gaskets at corners and install gaskets in a manner

recommended by gasket manufacturer to prevent corners from pulling away; seal corner

joints and butt joints with sealant recommended by gasket manufacturer.

3.4 PROTECTION AND CLEANING

A. Protect exterior glass from damage immediately after installation by attaching crossed

streamers to framing held away from glass. Do not apply markers to glass surface.

Remove nonpermanent labels, and clean surfaces.

B. Protect glass from contact with contaminating substances resulting from construction

operations, including weld splatter. If, despite such protection, contaminating

substances do come into contact with glass, remove them immediately as recommended

by glass manufacturer.

C. Examine glass surfaces adjacent to or below exterior concrete and other masonry

surfaces at frequent intervals during construction, but not less than once a month, for

build-up of dirt, scum, alkaline deposits, or stains; remove as recommended by glass

manufacturer.

D. Remove and replace glass that is broken, chipped, cracked, abraded, or damaged in any

way, including natural causes, accidents, and vandalism, during construction period.

E. Wash glass on both exposed surfaces in each area of Project not more than four days

before date scheduled for inspections that establish date of Substantial Completion.

Wash glass as recommended by glass manufacturer.

3.5 LAMINATED-GLASS SCHEDULE

A. Laminated Glass: Where glass is indicated for all exterior curtain wall windows and

interior elevator shaft windows, provide glass lites complying with the following:

1. Kind LA, consisting of two lites of annealed float glass.

2. Inner Lite: Type I (transparent glass, flat) float glass.

a. Class 1 (clear).

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GLAZING 08800-10

b. Thickness: 5 mm.

3. Outer Lite: Type I (transparent glass, flat) float glass except tempered below 8

feet from floor at all locations.

a. Class 2 (tinted, heat absorbing, and light reducing).

1) Tint Color: Gray.

b. Thickness: 5 mm.

4. Plastic Interlayer: 0.060 inch thick except for bridge curtain wall glazing use

0.100 inch thick.

3.6 GLAZING SEALANT SCHEDULE

A. Low-Modulus Nonacid-Curing Silicone Glazing Sealant: Where glazing sealants of

this designation are indicated, provide products complying with the following:

1. Products: Provide one of the following:

a. 790; Dow Corning.

b. Silpruf; GE Silicones.

c. UltraPruf SCS2300; GE Silicones.

d. HiFlex 331; NUCO Industries, Inc.

e. NuFlex 309; NUCO Industries, Inc.

f. VP 275; Ohio Sealants, Inc.

g. 864; Pecora Corporation.

h. PSI-641; Polymeric Systems, Inc.

i. Omniseal; Sonneborn, Div of ChemRex, Inc.

j. Spectrem 1; Tremco.

2. Type and Grade: S (single component) and NS (nonsag).

3. Class: 25.

4. Additional Movement Capability: 100 percent movement in extension and 50

percent movement in compression for a total of 100 percent movement.

5. Use Related to Exposure: NT (nontraffic).

6. Uses Related to Glazing Substrates: M, G, A, and, as applicable to glazing

substrates indicated, O.

a. Use O Glazing Substrates: Coated glass, color anodic aluminum, aluminum

coated with a high-performance coating, galvanized steel, and wood.

7. Applications: Where required by glazing installation procedures.

END OF SECTION 08800

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GLAZED ALUMINUM CURTAIN WALLS 08911-1

SECTION 08911

GLAZED ALUMINUM CURTAIN WALLS

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.1 RELATED DOCUMENTS

A. Drawings and general provisions of the Contract, including General and Supplementary

Conditions and Division 1 Specification Sections, apply to this Section.

1.2 SUMMARY

A. This Section includes conventionally glazed aluminum curtain walls installed as stick

systems for curtain walls.

B. Related Sections include the following:

1. Division 5 Section “Metal Fabrications” for perforated metal and ornamental

gates.

2. Division 7 Section "Through-Penetration Firestop Systems" for perimeter firecontainment

systems (safing insulation) field installed with glazed aluminum

curtain-wall systems.

3. Division 7 Section "Joint Sealants" for installation of joint sealants installed with

glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems and for sealants to the extent not specified

in this Section.

4. Division 8 Section "Glazing" for glass requirements and for perforated metal

panels.

5. Division 10 Section “Signs” attach to curtain wall framing.

1.3 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

A. General: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems, including anchorage, capable

of withstanding, without failure, the effects of the following:

1. Structural loads.

2. Thermal movements.

3. Movements of supporting structure indicated on Drawings including, but not

limited to, story drift, twist, column shortening, long-term creep, and deflection

from uniformly distributed and concentrated live loads.

4. Dimensional tolerances of building frame and other adjacent construction.

5. Failure includes the following:

a. Deflection exceeding specified limits.

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b. Thermal stresses transferred to building structure.

c. Framing members transferring stresses, including those caused by thermal

and structural movements, to glazing.

d. Noise or vibration created by wind and thermal and structural movements.

e. Loosening or weakening of fasteners, attachments, and other components.

f. Sealant failure.

B. Structural Loads:

1. Wind Loads: As indicated on Structural Drawings .

2. Seismic Loads: As indicated on Structural Drawings.

3. Periodic Maintenance-Equipment Loads: As required for this type and height of

building.

C. Structural-Test Performance: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems tested

according to ASTM E 330 as follows:

1. When tested at positive and negative wind-load design pressures, systems do not

evidence deflection exceeding specified limits.

2. When tested at 150 percent of positive and negative wind-load design pressures,

systems, including anchorage, do not evidence material failures, structural

distress, and permanent deformation of main framing members exceeding 0.2

percent of span.

3. Test Duration: As required by design wind velocity but not less than 10seconds.

D. Deflection of Framing Members:

1. Deflection Normal to Wall Plane: Limited to 1/175 of clear span for spans up to

13 feet 6 inches (4.1 m), and to 1/240 of clear span plus 1/4 inch (6.35 mm), for

spans greater than 13 feet 6 inches (4.1 m) or an amount that restricts edge

deflection of individual glazing lites to 3/4 inch (19 mm), whichever is less.

2. Deflection Parallel to Glazing Plane: Limited to amount not exceeding that which

reduces glazing bite to less than 75 percent of design dimension and which

reduces edge clearance between framing members and glazing or other fixed

components to less than 1/8 inch (3.2 mm).

a. Operable Units: Provide a minimum 1/16-inch (1.6-mm) clearance between

framing members and operable units.

3. Cantilever Deflection: Where framing members overhang an anchor point,

limited to 2 times the length of cantilevered member, divided by 175.

E. Thermal Movements: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems that allow for

thermal movements resulting from the following maximum change (range) in ambient

and surface temperatures. Base engineering calculation on surface temperatures of

materials due to both solar heat gain and nighttime-sky heat loss.

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1. Temperature Change (Range): 120 deg F (67 deg C), ambient; 180 deg F (100

deg C), material surfaces.

2. Test Performance: No buckling, stress on glass, glazing-edge seal failure, sealant

failure, excess stress on curtain-wall framing, anchors and fasteners, or reduction

of performance when tested according to AAMA 501.5.

a. Test High Exterior Ambient Air Temperature: That which produces an

exterior metal surface temperature of 180 deg F (82 deg C).

b. Test Low Exterior Ambient Air Temperature: 0 deg F (minus 18 deg C).

c. Test Interior Ambient Air Temperature: 75 deg F (24 deg C).

F. Air Infiltration: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems with maximum air

leakage of 0.06 cfm/sq. ft. (0.03 L/s per sq. m) of fixed wall area when tested according

to ASTM E 283 at a minimum static-air-pressure differential of 6.24 lbf/sq. ft. (300 Pa)

G. Water Penetration Under Static Pressure: Provide aluminum glazed curtain-wall

systems that do not evidence water penetration when tested according to ASTM E 331

at a minimum differential static pressure of 20 percent of positive design wind load, but

not less than 10 lbf/sq. ft. (479 Pa).

H. Water Penetration Under Dynamic Pressure: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall

systems that do not evidence water leakage when tested according to AAMA 501.1

under dynamic pressure equal to 20 percent of positive design wind load, but not less

than 10 lbf/sq. ft. (479 Pa).

1. Maximum Water Leakage: According to AAMA 501.1 No uncontrolled water

penetrating systems or appearing on systems' normally exposed interior surfaces

from sources other than condensation. Water controlled by flashing and gutters

that is drained to exterior and cannot damage adjacent materials or finishes is not

considered water leakage.

I. Condensation Resistance: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems with

condensation-resistance factor (CRF) of not less than 55 when tested according to

AAMA 1503.

J. Average Thermal Conductance: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems with

average U-factor of not more than 0.66 Btu/sq. ft. x h x deg F (3.75 W/sq. m x K) when

tested according to AAMA 1503.

K. Sound Transmission: Provide glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems with minimum

STC 32 according to ASTM E 413 and an OITC 26 according to ASTM E 1332, as

determined by testing according to ASTM E 90.

1.4 SUBMITTALS

A. Product Data: Include construction details, material descriptions, dimensions of

individual components and profiles, and finishes for each type of product indicated.

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B. Shop Drawings: Prepared by or under the supervision of a qualified professional

engineer detailing fabrication and assembly of glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems

and interface with adjoining construction.

1. Include structural analysis data signed and sealed by the qualified professional

engineer responsible for their preparation.

C. Samples for Selection: For full size units with projecting trims with factory-applied

color finishes of each type of exposed finish required, in manufacturer’s standard sizes.

D. Welding certificates.

E. Qualification Data: For Installer.

F. Product Test Reports: Based on evaluation of comprehensive tests performed by a

qualified testing agency, for glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems.

G. Field quality-control test reports.

H. Warranties: Special warranties specified in this Section.

1.5 QUALITY ASSURANCE

A. Installer Qualifications: Capable of assuming engineering responsibility and

performing Work of this Section and who is acceptable to manufacturer.

1. Engineering Responsibility: Preparation of data for glazed aluminum curtain-wall

systems including the following:

a. Shop Drawings based on testing and engineering analysis of manufacturer's

standard units in assemblies similar to those indicated for this Project and

submission of reports of tests performed on manufacturer's standard

assemblies.

B. Testing Agency Qualifications: An independent agency qualified according to

ASTM E 699 for testing indicated.

C. Product Options: Information on Drawings and in Specifications establishes

requirements for systems' aesthetic effects and performance characteristics. Aesthetic

effects are indicated by dimensions, arrangements, alignment, and profiles of

components and assemblies as they relate to sightlines, to one another, and to adjoining

construction. Performance characteristics are indicated by criteria subject to

verification by one or more methods including preconstruction testing, field testing, and

in-service performance.

1. Do not modify intended aesthetic effects, as judged solely by Architect, except

with Architect's approval. If modifications are proposed, submit comprehensive

explanatory data to Architect for review.

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GLAZED ALUMINUM CURTAIN WALLS 08911-5

D. Welding: Qualify procedures and personnel according to AWS D1.2, "Structural

Welding Code--Aluminum."

E. Mockups: Build mockups to demonstrate aesthetic effects and set quality standards for

fabrication and installation.

1. Build 4 foot by 4 foot mockup of typical wall area incorporating all types of

frames and trims indicated on drawings as directed by Architect.

F. Preinstallation Conference: Conduct conference at Project site to comply with

requirements in Division 1 Section "Project Management and Coordination." Review

methods and procedures related to glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems including, but

not limited to, the following:

1. Review structural load limitations.

2. Review and finalize construction schedule and verify availability of materials,

Installer's personnel, equipment, and facilities needed to make progress and avoid

delays.

3. Review required testing, inspecting, and certifying procedures.

1.6 PROJECT CONDITIONS

A. Field Measurements: Verify actual locations of structural supports for glazed aluminum

curtain-wall systems by field measurements before fabrication and indicate

measurements on Shop Drawings.

1. Established Dimensions: Where field measurements cannot be made without

delaying the Work, establish dimensions and proceed with fabricating glazed

aluminum curtain-wall systems without field measurements. Coordinate

construction to ensure that actual dimensions correspond to established

dimensions.

1.7 WARRANTY

A. Special Assembly Warranty: Manufacturer's standard form in which manufacturer

agrees to repair or replace components of glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems that do

not comply with requirements or that deteriorate as defined in this Section within

specified warranty period.

1. Failures include, but are not limited to, the following:

a. Structural failures including, but not limited to, excessive deflection.

b. Noise or vibration caused by thermal movements.

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GLAZED ALUMINUM CURTAIN WALLS 08911-6

c. Deterioration of metals, metal finishes, and other materials beyond normal

weathering.

d. Water leakage.

e. Failure of operating components to function normally.

2. Warranty Period: 10 years from date of Substantial Completion.

B. Special Finish Warranty: Manufacturer's standard form in which manufacturer agrees

to repair or replace components on which finishes fail within specified warranty period.

Warranty does not include normal weathering.

1. Warranty Period: 20 years from date of Substantial Completion.

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.1 MANUFACTURERS

A. Manufacturers: Subject to compliance with requirements, one of the following

manufacturers offering products that may be incorporated into the Work:

1. EFCO Corporation.

2. Kawneer.

3. Vistawall Architectural Products.

4. Wausau Window and Wall Systems.

B. Basis-of-Design Product: The design for glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems is

based on Vistawall/CW-250 using 2.5 inch by 6 inch framing members unless noted

otherwise. Necessary steel reinforcement shall be used as required per manufacturer’s

engineer’s structural analysis.

2.2 FRAMING SYSTEMS

A. Aluminum: Alloy and temper recommended by manufacturer for type of use and finish

indicated.

1. Sheet and Plate: ASTM B 209 (ASTM B 209M).

2. Extruded Bars, Rods, Shapes, and Tubes: ASTM B 221 (ASTM B 221M).

3. Extruded Structural Pipe and Tubes: ASTM B 429.

4. Welding Rods and Bare Electrodes: AWS A5.10/A5.10M.

5. Framing Member size: 2.5 inch by 7.25 inch.

B. Steel Reinforcement: With manufacturer's standard corrosion-resistant primer

complying with SSPC-PS Guide No. 12.00 applied immediately after surface

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preparation and pretreatment. Select surface preparation methods according to

recommendations in SSPC-SP COM and prepare surfaces according to applicable SSPC

standard.

1. Structural Shapes, Plates, and Bars: ASTM A 36/A 36M.

2. Cold-Rolled Sheet and Strip: ASTM A 611.

3. Hot-Rolled Sheet and Strip: ASTM A 570/A 570M.

C. Brackets and Reinforcements: Manufacturer's standard high-strength aluminum with

nonstaining, nonferrous shims for aligning system components.

D. Fasteners and Accessories: Manufacturer's standard corrosion-resistant, nonstaining,

nonbleeding fasteners and accessories compatible with adjacent materials.

1. Where fasteners are subject to loosening or turn out from thermal and structural

movements, wind loads, or vibration, use self-locking devices.

2. Reinforce members as required to receive fastener threads.

3. Use exposed fasteners with countersunk Phillips screw heads.

4. Finish exposed portions to match framing system.

5. At movement joints, use slip-joint linings, spacers, and sleeves of material and

type recommended by manufacturer.

E. Anchors: Three-way adjustable anchors that accommodate fabrication and installation

tolerances in material and finish compatible with adjoining materials and recommended

by manufacturer.

1. Concrete and Masonry Inserts: Hot-dip galvanized cast-iron, malleable-iron, or

steel inserts complying with ASTM A 123/A 123M or ASTM A 153/A 153M

requirements.

F. Concealed Flashing: Manufacturer's standard corrosion-resistant, nonstaining,

nonbleeding flashing compatible with adjacent materials.

G. Framing Gaskets: As recommended by manufacturer for joint type.

H. Framing Sealants: As recommended by manufacturer for joint type.

I. Trims: Manufacturer’s standard trims in widths and depths as indicated. Finish to

match with framing membesr. Aluminum material thickness minimum 0.125 inch.

J. Cover Plates: Manufacturer’s standard, shapes as indicated. Finish to match with

framing members. Aluminum material thickness minimum 0.125 inch.

K. Exterior horizontal trim units: Manufacturer’s standard units to match main framing

members.

1. Size: As indicated.

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2.3 GLAZING SYSTEMS

A. Glazing: As specified in Division 8 Section "Glazing."

B. Glazing Gaskets: Manufacturer's standard sealed-corner pressure-glazing system of

black, resilient elastomeric glazing gaskets, setting blocks, and shims or spacers.

C. Glazing Sealants: As recommended by manufacturer for joint type.

2.4 ACCESSORY MATERIALS

A. Perimeter Fire-Containment Systems (Safing Insulation): Specified in Division 7

Section "Building Insulation."

B. Bituminous Paint: Cold-applied asphalt-mastic paint complying with SSPC-Paint 12

requirements except containing no asbestos, formulated for 30-mil (0.762-mm)

thickness per coat.

2.5 FABRICATION

A. Form aluminum shapes before finishing.

B. Fabricate components that, when assembled, have the following characteristics:

1. Sharp profiles, straight and free of defects or deformations.

2. Accurately fitted joints with ends coped or mitered.

3. Internal guttering systems or other means to drain water passing joints,

condensation occurring within framing members, and moisture migrating within

the system to exterior.

4. Physical and thermal isolation of glazing from framing members.

5. Accommodations for thermal and mechanical movements of glazing and framing

to prevent glazing-to-glazing contact and to maintain required glazing edge

clearances.

6. Provisions for reglazing from exterior.

C. Weld in concealed locations to greatest extent possible to minimize distortion or

discoloration of finish. Remove weld spatter and welding oxides from exposed surfaces

by descaling or grinding.

D. Factory-Assembled Frame Units:

1. Rigidly secure non movement joints.

2. Seal joints watertight, unless otherwise indicated.

3. Pressure equalize system at its interior face.

4. Install glazing to comply with requirements in Division 8 Section "Glazing."

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GLAZED ALUMINUM CURTAIN WALLS 08911-9

E. After fabrication, clearly mark components to identify their locations in Project

according to Shop Drawings.

2.6 ALUMINUM FINISHES

A. General: Comply with NAAMM's "Metal Finishes Manual for Architectural and Metal

Products" for recommendations for applying and designating finishes.

B. Finish designations prefixed by AA comply with the system established by the

Aluminum Association for designating aluminum finishes.

1. High-Performance Organic Finish (3-Coat Fluoropolymer): AA-C12C40R1x

(Chemical Finish: cleaned with inhibited chemicals; Chemical Finish: conversion

coating; Organic Coating: manufacturer's standard 3-coat, thermocured system

consisting of specially formulated inhibitive primer, fluoropolymer color coat, and

clear fluoropolymer topcoat, with both color coat and clear topcoat containing not

less than 70 percent polyvinylidene fluoride resin by weight). Prepare, pretreat, and

apply coating to exposed metal surfaces to comply with AAMA 2605 and with

coating and resin manufacturers' written instructions.

2. Color: As selected by Architect from manufacturer’s full range of standard colors.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.1 EXAMINATION

A. Examine areas, with Installer present, for compliance with requirements for installation

tolerances and other conditions affecting performance of work.

1. Proceed with installation only after unsatisfactory conditions have been corrected.

3.2 INSTALLATION

A. General:

1. Comply with manufacturer's written instructions.

2. Do not install damaged components.

3. Fit joints to produce hairline joints free of burrs and distortion.

4. Rigidly secure non movement joints.

5. Install anchors with separators and isolators to prevent metal corrosion and

electrolytic deterioration and to prevent impeding movement of moving joints.

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6. Weld components in concealed locations to minimize distortion or discoloration

of finish. Protect glazing surfaces from welding.

7. Seal joints watertight, unless otherwise indicated.

B. Metal Protection:

1. Where aluminum will contact dissimilar metals, protect against galvanic action by

painting contact surfaces with primer or by applying sealant or tape or installing

nonconductive spacers as recommended by manufacturer for this purpose.

2. Where aluminum will contact concrete or masonry, protect against corrosion by

painting contact surfaces with bituminous paint.

C. Install components to drain water passing joints, condensation occurring within framing

members, and moisture migrating within the system to exterior.

D. Install components plumb and true in alignment with established lines and grades.

E. Install exterior horizontal trim units where indicated and per manufacturer’s

requirements.

F. Install glazing as specified Division 8 Section "Glazing."

G. Install sealants as specified in Division 7 Section "Joint Sealants."

H. Erection Tolerances: Install glazed aluminum curtain-wall systems to comply with the

following maximum tolerances:

1. Plumb: 1/8 inch in 10 feet (3 mm in 3 m); 1/4 inch in 40 feet (6 mm in 12 m).

2. Level: 1/8 inch in 20 feet (3 mm in 6 m); 1/4 inch in 40 feet (6 mm in 12 m).

K. Alignment:

a. Where surfaces abut in line or are separated by reveal or protruding element

up to 1/2 inch (13 mm) wide, limit offset from true alignment to 1/16 inch

(1.6 mm).

b. Where surfaces are separated by reveal or protruding element from 1/2 to 1

inch (13 to 25 mm) wide, limit offset from true alignment to 1/8 inch (3.2

mm).

c. Where surfaces are separated by reveal or protruding element of 1 inch (25

mm) wide or greater, limit offset from true alignment to 1/4 inch (6 mm).

3. Location: Limit variation from plane to 1/8 inch in 12 feet (3 mm in 3.7 m); 1/2

inch (12.7 mm) over total length.

3.3 FIELD QUALITY CONTROL

A. Testing Agency: Engage a qualified independent testing and inspecting agency to

perform field tests and inspections and prepare test reports.

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B. Testing Services: Testing and inspecting of representative areas to determine

compliance of installed system with specified requirements shall take place as follows

and in successive stages as indicated on Drawings. Do not proceed with installation of

the next area until test results for previously completed areas show compliance with

requirements.

1. Water Spray Test: After the installation of minimum area of 75-feet- (23-m-) by-

2-story glazed aluminum curtain-wall system has been completed but before

installation of interior finishes has begun, a 2-bay area of system designated by

Architect shall be tested according to AAMA 501.2 and shall not evidence water

penetration.

C. Repair or remove work where test results and inspections indicate that it does not

comply with specified requirements.

D. Additional testing and inspecting, at Contractor's expense, will be performed to

determine compliance of replaced or additional work with specified requirements.

END OF SECTION 08911

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